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In offering this Work to the public, the author deems it proper to state, that, in the 
latter part of the Memoirs of the Ducal Family, from Anne, Duchess of Hamilton, to 
the present period, he has chiefly copied from Wood's edition of Douglas's Peerage, 
lately published ; only such additions and alterations have been made as, it is hoped, 
will give that part of it further interest and value. 

In his account of the branches of the family, he regrets that he has not always been 
able to be so full and complete as he could have wished. This has been owing to vari- 
ous causes ; partly to the documents and papers of some of the more ancient families 
having been lost or destroyed ; to other families having decayed or become extinct, and 
their title-deeds having passed into the hands of strangers ; and to a very few of the 
gentlemen of the name, either through inadvertency or indifference, having neglected 
to furnish him with the requisite assistance. 

As will be seen from the marginal references, these genealogies have been compiled 
from a variety of sources. The author has endeavoured, as far as possible, to found 
upon the most authentic testimony ; but, as, in a work of this kind, statements must 
be made on evidence, varying from the absolute certainty of original deeds to the sus- 
picious assertions of family vanity and doubtful tradition, he can only leave the reader 
to estimate the credit due to the averment in the text by the character of the docu- 
ments quoted on the margin. He is not responsible for statements in support of which 
no authority is given. 

The author considers it incumbent on him to notice the particular assistance af- 
forded to him in carrying on this work. 

To Thomas Thomson, Esq. advocate, Deputy Clerk Register of Scotland, his thanks 
are due for favouring him with the perusal of some valuable original documents, and 
for furnishing him with some papers of importance to the work. 


He has also to express his acknowledgments to Messieurs William and George Ro- 
bertson, Deputy Keepers of Records in the General Register House, for permitting 
him to consult the Great Seal Register ; and to the curators of the Advocates' Library 
for allowing him free access to the collection of books and manuscripts in that valuable 

C. D. Donald, Esq. writer, Glasgow, and J. G. Hamilton, Esq. obligingly permitted 
him to consult the Records of the Commissariat of Glasgow ; as did John Drysdale, 
Esq. sheriff-clerk of Lanarkshire, the Records of the Slieriff-Court of Hamilton. 

In a particular manner he has to acknowledge the obligations he is under to that 
profound antiquary, John Riddell, Esq. advocate, for his kindness in furnishing him, 
among other curious information, with several original and interesting documents of 
great utility to the work. 

His best thanks are likewise due to Sir William Hamilton of Preston, Bart, for 
pointing out various sources from whence much valuable information was derived. 

To Mrs Muir of Greenhall, near Hamilton, he is indebted for the use of some books 
which had belonged to that distinguished genealogist the late Andrew Stuart, Esq. of 
Torrance. And his thanks are also due to Dr John Hume of Hamilton, for some 
valuable assistance to the work. 

The author has also to express his grateful acknowledgments to the various gentle- 
men of the name who have assisted him with communications regarding their own or 
other families. 

He has exceeded, by about 100 pages, the original compass of the work, in con- 
sequence of additional materials having been received while in progress of printing ; 
and, since the last sheet was in the press, several valuable communications have been 
made, which were too late for insertion, but which, along with other important in- 
formation, that the author expects to receive hereafter, will be printed in the form of 
a Supplement, conformable to the size of this work, ,and so as to admit of its being 
bound up along with it. 


J- HE origin of illustrious Families is oftentimes hid in the ob- 
scurity of a remote antiquity, presenting to our research the most 
doubtful or fabulous accounts ; or, in the lapse of ages, the me- 
morials of the first founders have either perished, or reached our 
times in a defective state. 

In these Memoirs of a Noble and Ancient Family, equally il- 
lustrious from its descent, its alliances, and the preeminent station 
it has ever held, comprehending a period of about five centuries, 
during which its members have alike shone in the annals of their 
country as patriots, warriors, and statesmen, the Author has uni- 
formly rejected whatever appeared to him as fabulous or unworthy 
of belief, and has confined himself solely to the authorities of 
charters, historical records, or the most authentic MSS. 

We have here the spectacle of a family, originally noble, at- 
taining, by a regular and gradual ascent, to the possession of 


wealth, honours, and dignities, and to the enjoyment of the 
first offices of the state. We shall see its Chief become first 
Prince of the Blood, and, by the voice of a nation, declared heir- 
apparent to the throne of an ancient and independent kingdom. 

In after times, we shall behold its members conspicuous for 
their unshaken and devoted loyalty, preserving untainted, in a 
factious age, the ancient reputation and honour of their house, 
and testifying, with their blood, their steady adherence to those 
principles which are, at all times, the best safeguard of the throne 
and of the people. 


i\.BOUT the middle of the ninth century of the Christian era, a tribe or 
colony of Scandinavians, issuing from their native wilds of the North, and 
following the footsteps of the Gothic and Vandalic tribes who had pre- 
ceded them, advanced with their families and household possessions, — 
resolved, in the more fertile parts of Europe, to purchase with their 
swords a habitation and a country. 

Under the appellation of Nordmen or Normans,* they appeared on 
the frontiers of France ; and such was the fame of their power, and the 
terror of their valour, that the once potent King of the Franks, whose 
warriors, in a former age, would have exulted to meet them in the field, 
now trembled on his throne. They demanded a settlement for them- 
selves, and a wife for their leader, the far-famed and heroic Rollo. 

* Nigellus, the poetical biographer of Louis le Debonair, gives the following de- 
scription of the Normans : — 

" Nort, quoque Francisco dicuntur nomine, manni, 

" Veloces, agiles, armigerique nimis : 

" Ipse quidem populus late pernotus habetur, 

" Lintre dapes quaerit, incolitatque mare ; 

" Pulcher adest facie, vultuque statuque decorus." 

Hallatris Middle Ages, vol. i. fol. 27. 


To save the dismemberment of his other dominions, Charles the Third, 
called the Simple, who then swayed the French sceptre, ceded to them, 
in 918, the rich and fertile province of Neustria, and a Princess of the 
blood of Charlemagne was given in marriage to a descendant of those 
bold and terrible Vikingr, whose descents and depredations had for cen- 
turies alternately threatened and harassed the coasts of Europe, from the 
Baltic sea to the shores of the Mediterranean. 

This was the first appearance of the Normans on the great theatre of 
Europe. We shall behold them, at an after period, acquiring, by their 
valour, possession of a great and powerful kingdom, and their leaders and 
chiefs becoming the founders of a race of nobles, some of whose posterity 
flourish even in our days. 

Agreeably to the feudal usage of the times, Rollo parcelled out the 
lands to his captains and chiefs ; while, under the title of Duke of Nor- 
mandy, conferred on him by his father-in-law Charles, he acknowledged 
a nominal subjection to the French crown. 

In course of time, these barons became each almost independent on 
their own estates : They acquired the most extensive privileges, and only 
considered themselves bound to obey their chief during actual warfare, 
when, in all the parade of feudal grandeur, they appeared in the field, 
attended by their followers and vassals. 

These brave and hardy sons of the North, although exposed to the 
influence of a more enervating and luxurious climate, and assimilating in 
language, manners, and customs, with their neighbours the French, yet 
preserved distinct their original fierceness and warlike disposition ; and 
we shall see that, after a lapse of nearly two centuries, the descendants of 
the same Normans evinced the same love of arms, and the same uncon- 
querable spirit of enterprise and adventure, which had so remarkably dis- 
tinguished their forefathers. 


From this race of gallant men we derive the origin, and can trace the 
descent, of a great proportion of the present nobility of the three king- 
doms. Under the conduct of William the Conqueror, a Norman army 
was transported from Normandy to England, — and the battle of Hastings 
delivered up a rich and fertile kingdom to be divided among the victors. 

With Harold fell the most powerful of the ancient British nobility ; 
and from this era we may date the decay or extinction of this venerable 
order. On their ruins rose that of the Norman barons, a body of men 
free and independent, and afterwards celebrated for having, by their 
firmness and public spirit, obtained, from one of the most despotic of the 
English monarchs, the invaluable Magna Charta. 

Numbers of the younger sons of the Anglo-Norman barons, obtaining 
grants of lands in Ireland from Henry the Second and his successors, there 
settled, and, with a very few exceptions, are the progenitors of the more 
ancient nobility of that kingdom. 

The descent of the Scottish nobles can be traced from men of varied 
races and lineage. 

To the original Britons (the true Celts,) and their kindred race, the 
Caledonians or Picts, succeeded, at the end of the eighth century,* the 
Scots, a colony from Ireland, who, overspreading and settling in Argyle 
and Galloway, at last, about the middle of the ninth century, under the 
reign of their king, Kenneth,t the son of Alpin, by treaty or conquest, 

* A colony of the Scoti or Gael, under their three leaders, Loarn, Fergus, and 
Angus, the sons of Ere, King of Ulster, had been settled in Argyle as early as the 
sixth century. 

f " Kenneth appears, from the events of his reign over both these people, to have 
been an able and a warlike prince. He frequently invaded Lothian, the Saxonia of 
the Chronicles. Kenneth was also a religious prince, as religion was then understood 
and practised. In A. D. 850, he removed the reliques of St Columba from Iona to a 


amalgamated themselves with the Picts, and gave their name to the coun- 
try. As early as the fifth century, a body of Anglo-Saxons colonized 
upon the Tweed, and, extending their settlements to the Forth, gave to 
that eastern district of Scotland, situated between these two rivers, the 
name of Saxonia : and the Gothic tongue was for the first time heard 
within the limits of northern Britain. 

It was during the eleventh, twelfth, and thirteenth centuries, that the 
Anglo-Saxons from South Britain, the Flemings, and the Anglo-Normans, 
chiefly settled in Scotland. The victory of Hastings, and the proscriptions 
of William the Conqueror and his immediate successors, drove great num- 
bers of the old English to Scotland. Amongst others who appeared at 
the Scottish court, Edgar Atheling, the true heir of the English crown, 
was most conspicuous. He was accompanied by his family and friends; 
and his sister, the Princess Margaret, was married to the Scottish monarch, 
Malcolm Canmore, — a union of great and lasting benefit to the Scottish 

Almost coeval with the Anglo-Saxons were the colonies of the Fle- 
mings, a kindred race, one of whom, " Theobald the Fleming,"* in the 

church which he had built at Dunkeld. To him also is attributed, with as much cer- 
tainty, the removal of an object of equal veneration and more efficacy, the Coronation, 
or Fatal Stone, which he brought with him from Argyle and placed at Scone. Ken- 
neth died at Forteviot, the Pictish capital, where he and his Scots naturally ruled, on 
the 6th February 859. He left a son, Constantine, who did not immediately assume 
his sceptre, and a daughter, Maolmhuire (the devotee of Mary,) who is celebrated in 
Irish story as the wife and mother of many kings." — Chalmers's Caledonia, i. 376. 

* " He obtained a grant, ' Theobaldo Flamatico, 1 to Theobald the Fleming, and 
his heirs, of some lands upon the Douglas water, in Lanarkshire, from Arnold, Abbot 
of Kelso, who was abbot betwixt 1147 and 1160. His son William called himself, 
and was named by others, according to the custom of the age, ' De Duvglas.' " 

Caled. i. 579. 


reign of King David the First, settled upon the Water of Douglas, and 
became the founder of the illustrious family of that name, — the heroic 
and powerful Earls of which are now represented in the male line by the 
Duke of Hamilton. 

It is to the civil wars of the successors of Henry the First that we are 
to ascribe the different settlements of the Anglo-Normans in Scotland. 

These men, of various races and lineage, were chiefly drawn thither by 
the encouragement and munificence of our Kings, particularly of Malcolm 
Canmore, Edgar,* William the Lyon, David the First, + and the Second 
and Third Alexanders, — thus transferring their fortunes, their fame, and 
their valour to a country, of which their posterity were afterwards to be- 
come the most strenuous defenders ; and, before the middle of the thir, 
teenth century, they had acquired from the aborigines a great proportion 

* " The first person of the English race who appears conspicuous as a colonist, 
during the reign of Edgar, was Thorlongus, who obtained from him a grant of Eden- 
ham, which was then a waste, and which he improved with his own money and his 
people. Here he settled a village and built a church, that he soon conveyed to the 
monks of Durham. This is an accurate representation of the genuine mode by 
which the English colonization of Scotland was begun and completed. A baron ob- 
tained from the King a grant of lands, which he settled with his followers ; built a 
castle and a church, a mill and a brewhouse, — and thereby formed a hamlet, which, 
in the practice of the age, was called the Ton, or Tun, of the Baron." — Caled. i. 501. 

f " It was the reign of David the First which was so propitious to the settlement of 
Scotland by English families, as he introduced so many favourable institutions. He 
was educated at the court of Henry the First. He married an English countess, who 
had many vassals ; and, when he came to the throne in 1124, he was followed suc- 
cessively by a thousand Anglo-Normans, to whom he distributed lands, which, like 
Thorlongus, they settled with their followers. David is said, indeed, to have founded 
monasteries, built castles, erected towns, and promoted trade, which all tended to 
colonize North Britain with foreigners. Even now may be traced, in the chartu- 
laries, the many Norman-English families who settled in North Britain under the 
reign of that excellent prince." — Caled. i. 502. 


of the lands south of the Forth, and had formed many settlements on the 
north side of that river. 

With these new people were introduced a new language, new manners, 
new laws, a new dynasty of kings, and new titles. To the Celtic tongue 
succeeded the English or Anglo-Saxon, interspersed with Norman words. 
The Celtic customs gave way to a new jurisprudence, of Anglo-Norman 
origin, and the Gaelic thanes and marmors were succeeded by the Anglo- 
Norman counts and the Anglo-Saxon earls. 

The number, and extent of power or authority, of the Celtic and Gaelic 
marmors and thanes, has been lost in the mists of antiquity. Of the thirteen 
earls who, at the end of the Scoto-Saxon period in 1306, when Robert the 
Bruce ascended the throne, composed the whole of the peerage, there is only 
one lineally represented by the same blood at this day.* Of the three hun- 
dred peers, consisting of fifteen dukes, nine marquisses, one hundred and 
seven earls, thirty-two viscounts, and one hundred and thirty-seven lords of 
parliament, created since that period by our several kings, there existed 
only, at the union of the two kingdoms, one hundred and thirty-seven, — 
being ten dukes, three marquisses, seventy earls, sixteen viscounts, and 
thirty-eight barons. 

Such have been the changes amongst our nobility. Several titles of 
inferior degree have merged in higher ones ; but they have been chiefly 
reduced in number by natural causes and legal means ; and, in the year 
1822, there existed only, of the long lists of former times, eighty-one peers. 
Having thus shown the various sources from which the Scottish no- 
bility were derived, we shall now proceed to trace the history and descent 
of the Ancient and Noble Family, the Chiefs of which have been at the 
head of this gallant and illustrious body of men for nearly two centuries. 

* The Countess of Sutherland, Marchioness of Stafford. 




3^ottge of &amfltofu 

A he most distant progenitor of this illustrious and far-spreading Family the house of 
taken notice of by genealogical writers, is said to have been a Norman HAMILTON - 
baron called — 

I. Bernard, a near kinsman to Rollo, the first Duke of Normandy. Archdairs Peerage. 
Rollo, previously to his decease, named him governor to his son j3 u k e Wood ' s Pecra e e - 
William. In the year 912, he married Sphreta de Burgundia, by whom 

he had a son, 

II. Turfus, or Turlofus, who gave name to the town of Tourville in ibid. 
Normandy. In anno 955, he married Emerberga de Brigenberg, by whom 

he had 

III. Turolphe, who, in right of his mother, succeeded to the lordship of ibid. 
Pontaudemar. By his consort Wcevia, daughter of Harfust, a noble Dane, 

and sister to Gunnora, Duchess of Normandy, he had 

IV. Humphrey, surnamed De Vetulis, who married Albreda de la ibid. . 
Haye Auberie, of a noble family in Normandy, of which union was born 

V. Roger, surnamed De Bellomont, who, marrying Adelina, only ibid, 
daughter of Walleran, Count of Mellent, and heiress to h°r brother Hugh, 



the earls of got with her the Earldom of Mellent. Roger had, by this lady, Robert, 
' who succeeded him, and Henry, surnamed De Newburgh, who was created 
Earl of Warwick, by William the Conqueror, in IO76, and whose male 
line ceased in Thomas de Newburgh, the sixth Earl, in anno 1242. Roger, 
Lord of Pontaudemar, assisted at the great council which the Conqueror 
held previous to the invasion of England. The national spirit, already 
sufficiently inflamed by the renown which the Normans of Apulia had 
acquired, was still further augmented by the harangues of Duke William : 
The barons and gentry eagerly embraced an enterprise which promised so 
much wealth and remuneration for toil and danger ; they hastened with 
alacrity to his standard, and a contemporary historian has transmitted to 
us a glowing description of the magnificent and gallant appearance of the 
Norman army previous to its embarkation. 

VI. Robert, Earl of Mellent, was at this time in the prime and vigour of 
life, and, ambitious for an opportunity of signalizing himself, joined the 

Dugdaie's Peerage, invading force. In the ever-memorable battle of Hastings he bore a chief 
command, and acted a very distinguished part. The Norman army was 
drawn up in two lines, the first composed of the light-armed troops, the 
archers and slingers ; the second of the heavy-armed infantry ; while the 
cavalry was stationed in the rear and on the two wings. To the Earl of 
Mellent* was assigned, by William, the command of the right wing of the 
infantry. In this station, by his bravery and good conduct, he contri- 
buted very much to the success of that bloody and decisive day. 

The battle of Hastings decided the fate of Harold and of England, and 
the Conqueror ascended the vacant throne, which his genius, and the 
valour of his Normans, had won. 

The flower of the English army, and the greater part of the barons and 
gentry having perished with their king in that fatal field, William was 
enabled to reward his friends and followers with their possessions and dig- 
nities, which he bestowed with a liberal and unsparing hand. His means, 
in this respect, were further augmented by numbers of the native nobility 
and gentry still continuing in opposition to his arms, and adhering to the 

* ci Praelium illo die experiens egit, quod etemandum esset laude, cum legione quam 

in dextro cornu duxit, irruens ac stemens, magna cum audacia," &c. 

Wil. Pictaviensis de Gestis Wil. Duels Normandue. 


interest and fortunes of the undoubted heir of the ancient English kings, the earls of 

. • i -i i f t^ i a i i- LEICESTER. 

the imbecile and unfortunate Edgar Atheling. 

Accordingly, we find that the Earl of Mellent became proprietor of the 
following manors and lordships, viz. sixty-four in Warwickshire, sixteen in 
Leicestershire, seven in Wilts, three in Northampton, and one in Glou- 
cestershire ; but his most valuable possessions were in the neighbourhood 
of Leicester, which city ever continued zealously attached to the interests 
of his family. 

He built the Castle of Leicester, a stately and magnificent pile, which 
he made his principal residence, and where (excepting occasionally visit- 
ing his Norman estates,) he lived during the reigns of the Conqueror and 
his son William Rufus, in a style of great hospitality and splendour. But, 
on the accession of Henry the First, surnamed Beauclerc, that prince, to 
whom he had ever shown himself a faithful and attached friend, called him 
to his councils, loaded him with honours and dignities, and he soon be- 
came his chief confidant and favourite minister. 

The Earl seems to have acted a chief part in the most important trans- noi. 

actions of this reign, and he appears to have had his full share of the 
obloquy which some of Henry's measures, from their unpopularity, re- 
ceived. In his disputes with the clergy, and particularly with Anselm, 
Archbishop of Canterbury, the Earl incurred undeserved reproach : And 
when the King had given orders to seize the revenues of the see of Can- 
terbury, and had denounced the Archbishop not to reenter the kingdom, 
(he being then in France,) that priest prevailed upon Pope Pascal the 
Second to issue a sentence of excommunication against the Earl of Mel- 
lent. A similar sentence awaited the King, the execution of which was 
only prevented by the interposition of his sister, the devout Adela, Coun- 
tess of Blois. 

Henry, in consideration of his many great and eminent services, created 1 10.3. 

him Earl of Leicester ; and, as he had given the Earldom of Mellent, and 
all his Norman possessions, to his eldest son Walleran, the King was 
pleased to confirm that young nobleman in the earldom. 

Robert, Earl of Leicester, retired to Normandy, and became a monk in 
the Abbey of Preaux, where he lived to an advanced age, and died in 1116. 

According to Henry of Huntingdon, he was the wisest man betwixt 
England and Jerusalem, and, by his vast wealth and possessions, so power- 


robert, ful, that he made the Kings of England and France friends or foes at 
bossu. pleasure. He reedified the church of our Lady at Leicester, and placed 
=== therein canons secular. 

He was married to Elizabeth Isabella, daughter of Hugh,* surnamed 
Magnus, Earl of Vermandois, Valois, Chaumont, and Amiens, a younger 
son of Henry the First of France, by whom he had issue — 

1. Walleran, Earl of Mellent, created by King Stephen, in 1144, Earl 
of Worcester. From him are descended the numerous race of Beaumonts 
in France. 

2. Robert, the second Earl of Leicester. 

3. Hugh, surnamed Pauper, created Earl of Bedford by King Stephen. 
1st Daughter married to Hugo de Castel Novo. 

<£d, Adelina, married to Hugh de Montfort. 

3d, Elizabeth, married to Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Pembroke. 

The Countess of Mellent afterwards married the potent Earl of War- 
renne and Surrey. Her first husband, when he was created, by Henry the 
First, Earl of Leicester, assumed for his arms the armorial bearing of Mel- 
lent, viz. gules, a cinquefoil ermine. The city of Leicester took the same, 
and continue to do so to this day ; and the Hamiltons of Scotland, to de- 
note their descent from him, carry the same arms, only with the variation 
of three cinquefoils for one. 



After his father's death, continued to frequent the court, and remained 

ii?o. firm in the interest of Henry the First, until the loss of his only son Prince 

Henry, who, passing from Harfleur to England, unfortunately perished by 

shipwreck. A number of the Norman barons, considering themselves 

Dugdaie and Wood, freed fisoinjheir allegiance by the Prince's death, began to form plots in 

* " Henry the First of France solicited and obtained the hand of the daughter of Jeroslaus, 
Czar or Great Prince of Russia. Jeroslaus was the grandson of the Princess Anne, daughter 
of the Grecian Emperor Romanus. She was married to Wolodimir, Great Duke of Russia." 
— It therefore follows that Robert, the second Earl of Leicester, was the seventh in descent 
from the imperial loins. — Gibbon's History, ch. 53. 


favour of William, the son of Robert, and nephew to the King, whom they Robert, 

considered as rightful heir to the crown of Normandy. He was a prince bossu. 

whom they had always loved and pitied. Nursed in the lap of misfortune, ~ 

he had lived a life of difficulty and hardships, and afterwards perished by 

an accident while yet in the vigour of manhood, at once relieving his 

uncle from a thousand fears, and transmitting to posterity a character and 

memory cherished and embalmed in the hearts of his subjects. 

The Earl of Leicester, impressed with the justice of the young Prince's 
claims, associated with his brother Gualleran, Earl of Mellent, with the 
Earl of Anjou, and the majority of the Norman nobility, and they resolved 
to place the ducal crown on the head of William. 

The Earl accordingly repaired to Normandy, and for some time the 
affairs of the confederated nobles were conducted with great union and 
secrecy ; but at length King Henry, getting information of their designs, 
crossed over to the scene of action, and, falling unexpectedly upon the 
conspirators before the plot was fully ripe for execution, took several of 
their castles, and, by his celerity and address, gained other material ad- n-24. 

vantages. The castle of Pontaudemar, the paternal property of the Earl 
of Mellent, fell into Henry's hands on this occasion. 

On the 25th March, the Earl of Leicester, his brother, and a number 
of other chiefs of the confederacy, riding carelessly and unguarded be- 
twixt Beaumont and Vatteville, were suddenly set upon by Wdliam de 
Tankerville, chamberlain to the King, and, after some fruitless resistance, 
were routed, and all made prisoners. 

The capture of these noblemen turned the scale entirely in favour of the 
King, the enterprise thereby being at an end. On their being brought into 
his presence, and making due submission, he pardoned, and was reconciled 
to them ; and the Earl of Leicester (for his father's sake,) was received 
into as great favour as before. We therefore find that, after this period, 
he continued firmly attached to Henry's interests. He resided much 
about his court, attending him also in all his journeys j and he wadftfesent 
at Lyons, when, after a day's hunting, indigestion (brought on by eating 
too freely of lampreys, his favourite dish,) terminated at once the labour 1135. 

and the life of this great and good prince. 

On Stephen's ascension to the throne, the Earl and his brother Walle- 
ran hastened to pay their homage, as did the majority of the nobles. The 


robert, two brothers fought on his side in the civil wars that ensued, and which 
bossu. continued to rage during the greater part of the reign of this monarch. 

The Empress Maude, only daughter of the late King, having landed in 
England, accompanied by her natural brother the Earl of Gloucester and 
1139. a small retinue of 140 knights, took refuge in the Castle of Arundel, the 

residence of her stepmother the Queen-dowager, which Stephen imme- 
diately invested. The remainder of this story I shall give in the words of 
Henry the historian : — 

" The Queen-dowager, dreading his resentment, sent an apology tor 
having admitted the Empress into her castle, which she said she could not 
deny to the only daughter of her late husband, King Henry ; and intreated 
him to respect the ties of blood, and the sacred laws of hospitality, and 
allow the Empress to retire to her brother's castle at Bristol. This strange 
request was seconded by the King's brother, the Bishop of Winchester ; 
and, to the surprise of all the world, Maude was honourably escorted by 
that prelate, and by Walleran, Earl of Mellent, her greatest enemy, and 
Stephen's chief confidant, and safely delivered to her brother the Earl of 
Gloucester. This, it must be confessed, is a most astonishing event, 
and, like some other things in the story of this reign, hath more the ap- 
pearance of romance than of real history." 

Of this earl, Dugdale says that he was appointed to and exercised the 
office of Chief Justiciary of England for fifteen years. 

In the famous dispute between Henry the Second and Thomas a Becket, 
the Earl was concerned. He concurred with the King in his endeavours 
to check the turbulence and overgrown power of that ambitious and 
haughty prelate. 

When Becket was summoned to attend a parliament held at North- 
ampton, being charged by the King with contumacy and disrespect, he 
came in great state to the meeting, attended by a tumultuous crowd of 
the lower orders, and carrying a cross in his hand. Henry, informed of 
the manner of his approach, withdrew into an adjoining apartment, at- 
tended by his barons, while Becket, entering the parliament-house, sat 
down, with apparent unconcern, in his usual place. 

Henry, after consulting with his barons, deputed a few of their number, 
at the head of whom was the Earl of Leicester, to state to the Archbishop, 
that, unless he altered his arrogant and disrespectful behaviour, and 


yielded to the King's pleasure, the Parliament were resolved to proceed Robert 
against him for treason and perjury. The Earl, addressing himself to blanchemaine. 
Becket, said, " The King commands you immediately to come and give " 
" in your accounts, or else hear your sentence." It My sentence !" cried 
he, starting to his feet, " No, my son, hear me first ; I decline the juris- 
" diction of the King and barons, and appeal to God and my Lord the 
" Pope, under whose protection I depart hence." Saying this, he walked 
out of the hall in great state, leaving them so much disconcerted at his 
boldness, that none had the courage to stop him. Aware, however, of the 
extent of his danger, and afraid of the consequences, he kept himself con- 
cealed until he found a safe opportunity of retiring to France. 

The Earl of Leicester, agreeably to the prevailing fashion of the times, 
some years before his death, renounced the world, and became a monk in 
the Abbey of St Mary de Pratis in Normandy, which his grandfather had 
founded, and his father finished. 

By his wife Amicia, daughter of Ralph de Guader, Earl of Norfolk, 
he had, 

I. Robert, his successor. 

II. Henry. 

III. Geoffrey. 

IV. John. 

I. Isabella, married to Simon, Earl of Huntingdon. 

II. Avice, or Hawise, married to William, Earl of Gloucester. 
This Earl died anno II67. 



In the extensive confederation that was formed in the nineteenth year 1173. 

of Henry the Second's reign, to depose that monarch and place his son 
Prince Henry on the throne, the Earl of Leicester actively concurred. 
He was then at the court of Lewis of France with young Henry ; and, as 
soon as the malcontents in England were ripe for action, he directed his 
numerous retainers and vassals there to join them, while he accompanied 
the Prince and the Earl of Flanders to the coast, preparatory to a pro- 
jected invasion of England to support the insurrection. 


"suemeb ' ^* s vassa ^ s appeared in arms in the centre of the kingdom, assisted by 

blanchemaine. t h e f orces f the other members of the confederacy, and by a well con- 
certed invasion of the Scots. They fortified the town and castle of Lei- 
cester ; but, before they had time to take the field, Richard de Lacy, the 
Chief Justiciary, who in this crisis remained faithful to the King, hastily 
collecting what forces he could on the sudden, and being joined by some 
barons who also continued faithful, marched against the malcontents, 
routed, and totally dispersed them. He invested the city of Leicester, 
which for some days was gallantly defended by the townsmen, when, or- 
dering a general assault, he carried it by storm ; then leaving a sufficient 
garrison, he directed his course to the north, to oppose the progress of the 

The Earl of Leicester was in Flanders when he received accounts of 
the failure of the enterprise, which put a stop to his preparations for that 
time. But, in the beginning of October, having drawn together his forces, 
composed principally of Flemings, he embarked at Whitsand and landed 
near Walton Castle in Suffolk, the inhabitants of which county were 
friendly to his cause. Sending back his shipping, he immediately at- 
tempted to take the castle of Walton, but without success ; he then em- 
ployed himself in reinforcing and strengthening his army, and, being joined 
by Hugh Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, made himself master of the Castle of 
Framlingham, and advanced towards the heart of the kingdom. 

De Lacy, who, on the first news of the invasion, had returned, by forced 
marches, from the north, encountered him at a place called Farnham. The 
Justiciary's forces, in his progress, had been increased considerably by the 
junction of the High Constable and other barons ; and his troops, from 
their recent successes, were in high spirits, confident, and impatient for 
action. After a short, but bloody contest, the Flemings, who could not 
withstand the impetuous onset of the English, gave way on all sides, and 
a total route ensued. 

The Earl, endeavouring to make his escape from the field, was taken 
prisoner, together with several noblemen of his party ; and his countess, 
who, during the action, had remained at a short distance, perceiving that 
the day was lost, threw a ring of great value, which she usually wore, into 
the adjacent river, lest it might fall into the hands of the conquerors. 

By King Henry's orders, the captives were sent over to Normandy, 
where he had remained in person since the beginning of these troubles. 


It was the general expectation that he would have brought the Earl to Robert, 


trial ; but, probably afraid to proceed to extremity against so powerful a blanchemaine. 
subject, he contented himself for the present with committing him to 
prison, and confiscating all his possessions. 

The ensuing spring the King of Scots again made an irruption into l174 - 

England, whilst his brother, the Earl of Huntingdon, Robert Earl of 
Ferrars, Hugh Bigod Earl of Norfolk, Roger de Moubray, and the nu- 
merous and powerful vassals of the Earls of Leicester and Chester, appear- 
ed in arms at the same time in different parts of the kingdom. 

The vassals of the Earl of Leicester put the Earl of Huntingdon in pos- 
session of the Castle of Leicester, which they had recovered ; and, march- 
ing under the conduct of the governor of the city, Ankitel Mallory, they 
besieged the town of Northampton, which place, after some repulses from 
the burghers, they carried by storm. 

Had young Henry landed at this critical moment, the whole kingdom 
must soon have submitted to his power ; but, owing to his delays, and the 
irresolution of the Earl of Flanders, all was lost. De Lacy again made 
head against the English malcontents, and, being joined by the northern 
barons, advanced against the King of Scots, and compelled him to retire 
within his own dominions. King Henry, who had heard of these suc- 
cesses, embarked on the 8th July, with his two captives, the Earls of 
Leicester and Chester, and next day landed at Southampton. 

Availing themselves of Henry's absence, the King of France, Prince 
Henry, and the Earl of Flanders, made an irruption into Normandy, and, 
after taking several fortified places, laid siege to Rouen, the capital of the 
duchy. This inroad caused Henry to return with speed to save his foreign 
dominions, and he embarked at Southampton, carrying along with him 
his two noble prisoners, and a royal captive, William the Lyon, King of 
Scotland, who had lately fallen into his hands. Committing them to the 
Castle of Falaise, he hastened to Rouen, and soon compelled the confe- 
derates to raise the siege, and retire with precipitation. A peace was 
some time afterwards concluded betwixt the confederates and Henry ; but 
the Earl of Leicester remained in confinement, first in Normandy, and 
afterwards in England, until January 1 177> when, in a parliament held 
at Northampton, all his possessions were restored to him, except the 
castle and lands of Mountsorel in Leicestershire, and the Castle of Pacy 

in Normandy. 



kobert, He undertook a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, but, on his return from 

fitzparnell. thence, he fell sick at Duras in Greece, (the ancient Dyrrachium,) where 
he died and was buried, in the year 1190. 

He married Petronilla, daughter and sole heiress of Hugh de Grand- 
mesnil, Lord of Hinckley, and Great Steward of England. With her he 
got the whole estate and honours of Hinckley, and succeeded to the Great 
Stewardship. He had issue the following sons and daughters : — 

I. Robert, his successor. 

II. Roger, a churchman,* who came to Scotland in the reign of William 
the Lyon, and, being that monarch's relation, was much patronised by him, 
having first been made Chancellor of Scotland, and afterwards, at the ter- 
mination of the famous dispute which that monarch had with Pope Alex- 
ander the Third, concerning the bishopric of St Andrew's, was raised to 
that see, anno 1189- He died at Cambuskenneth on the 9th July 1202, and, 
his body being carried with much funeral pomp, was interred in the church 
of St Rule at St Andrew's. 

III. William, from whom it is said the Hamiltons are descended. 

1. Amicia, married to the Pope's general in the crusade against the 
Waldenses and Albigenses, the famous Simon de Montfort. 

2. Margaret, who married Saer de Quincy, Earl of Winchester in Eng- 
land, and of Winton in Scotland. His father, Robert de Quincy, married 
the daughter and heiress of a Scottish noble, by whom he came to have 
large possessions in that country. Saer and Margaret had a son, Roger 
de Quincy, Comes de Winton, who was Lord High Constable of Scotland, 
and who married Elian, eldest coheiress of Alan, Lord of Galloway. 



Dugdaie, Henry, He enjoyed a large share of the confidence and friendship of Richard 
Cceur de Lion. He carried one of the swords of state at his coronation ; 

* This prelate is termed by Fordoun a relation of William the Lyon. For what reason I 
know not, he was not consecrated until 1198, although he had been raised to the bishopric 
nine years before. The Chronicle of Melrose says, " Rogerus, filius Comitis Leicestriae, con- 
" secratus est in Episcopatum Stae. Andreas, prima dominica quadragesimae 1198." He is 
mentioned as one of the witnesses to the foundation-charter of the Abbey of Inchaffray in 
Strathearn, founded by Gilbert, Earl of Strathearn, anno 1200. 


and, when that heroic monarch, in his famous crusade to the Holy Land, Robert, 


drew after him great numbers of the English nobility and gentry, the fitzparnell. 
Earl of Leicester, emulous to partake of what in those days was esteemed 
an enterprise of the greatest glory and honour, led a numerous band of 
vassals to the standard of his sovereign, and, on the plain of Vezelai in 
Champagne, the rendezvous of the united armies of England and France, 
the men of Leicester were conspicuous for their gallant and martial ap- 

At Messina, in Sicily, the Earl first heard of his father's death ; and 
shortly after, on the eve of the Purification of our Lady, in an assembly 
of the nobles and leaders of the army, King Richard invested him in the 
Earldom of Leicester by the cincture of a sword. 

In the campaigns in Cyprus and in Palestine, with the brave and heroic 
Richard, the Earl of Leicester, from his intrepid and distinguished con- 
duct, acquired lasting fame and honour ; and when that Prince, from the 
state of the English affairs, found it necessary to return homewards, he 
prepared to accompany him, but various circumstances led him to take 
another route. Richard, in passing through the territories of Leopold, 
Duke of Austria, was arrested by that potentate in revenge for some in- 
sult he conceived he had received in the Holy Land, and committed to 
close prison. Richard's misfortune was basely taken advantage of by his 
brother John and the King of France, the latter of whom commenced hos- 
tilities by suddenly bursting into Normandy with a strong force. After 
investing and taking several fortresses and towns, he at length laid siege 
to Rouen, threatening to put the inhabitants to the sword if they offered 
the least resistance. 

At this critical period, the Earl of Leicester, thus far on his return from 
the Holy Land, fortunately appeared. Assuming the command, by his 
exhortations and example he infused fresh courage into the breasts of the 
almost desponding Normans, and incited them to make a noble defence. 

Animated by his exertions, the city was defended with spirit and valour ; 
and the French King, repulsed in every attack, harassed by frequent and 
unexpected sallies, and finding all his efforts unavailing, precipitately 
raised the siege, and retreated to his own dominions. After performing 
this most signal service to Richard, the Earl continued his journey home- 

He had a grant from King John of the whole lands of Richmondshire, 


robert, together with the forest and knights' fees. He afterwards made a pil- 

3U11NAMED . I TT 1 T 1 1 • 1 1 

fitzparnell. grimage to the Holy Land, where, in a tournament, bearing the arms of 
~ Richard, he unhorsed the Soldan. 

Anno 1206. He married Lauretta, daughter of William, Lord Brause,* a powerful 

baron, whose principal estates lay in Devonshire and on the borders of 
Wales. Dying without male issue, he was buried before the high altar in 
the Abbey church of Leicester, leaving all his great inheritance betwixt 
his two sisters. 

circa 1230. The title of Earl of Leicester was afterwards revived in the person of 

his nephew, the so much celebrated Simon de Montfort. Some lands in 
England falling to his family, — the elder brother, who enjoyed more opu- 
lent possessions in France, transferred his right to Simon the younger. 
Simon, coming over to England, did homage for the lands, and was raised 
by Henry the Third to the dignity of Earl of Leicester. In the year 
1238 he married the King's sister, the Dowager Countess of Pembroke, 
by whom he had a numerous issue. 



I have thus traced the history and descent of the renowned and potent 
Earls of Leicester, because it is from this noble stock that the great pro- 
genitor of the Hamilton family appears to have come, and from them 
through an intermediate ancient family of the name of Hamilton, who 
formerly possessed the lordship and manor of Hamilton in Leicestershire.t 

* Burton, in his History of Leicestershire, says his name was Reginald de Bruis, 
Lord of Brecknock ; and Wood, in his Peerage, designs him William de Brechin, 
Lord of Brechin. Burton published his work in 1623. 

f From Nicholls's History of Leicestershire, vol. iii. fol. 53. 

" Hamilton is a small lordship, bounded by Scraptoft, Humberston, Barkby, 
Thorpe, and Beby, and was once the property of Hugo de Grentesmainell. 

" Hamilton," says Mr Burton in 1642, " is in the parish of Barkby, and had a 
chapel within it. In this town was the seat of the antient family of Hamilton, which 
belonged to the old Earls of Leicester, from whose grant they had this land, and 
therefore bare for their arms, gules, three cinquefoils ermine, alluding to the said 
Earl's coat, who bare gules, one cinquefoil ermine, both which stand together in St 


These Hamiltons were settled at this manor in Leicestershire for some introductory 


time previously to the extinction of the De Bellomonts in the male line. TH e family. 
They carried the same arms as the Earls of Leicester, only with the differ- ===== 
ence of three cinquefoils for one, as a mark of cadency : The single cin- 
quefoil ermine, on a field gules, carried by the Earls of Leicester, being 
the original arms of the Mellent family, as we are told by Dugdale. 

Mary's church, in Leicester. Of this house was Sir Gilbert de Hamilton, knight ; 
who, in the reign of King Edward II, having slain one of the family of Thomas De- 
spencer, fled into Scotland, and there marrying with Isabell, daughter of Thomas 
Randolfe, Earl of Murray, planted himself, and was honourably entertained by Ro- 
bert Bruce, King of Scotland ; of whose gift he held lands in Cadzowe in Chifedale, 
whose issue were afterwards made barons of parliament ; of whom descended James, 
Lord Hamilton, that married Mary, the daughter of James the Second, King of Scot- 
laud ; who by her had issue James, Earl of Arran, created Duke of Castle-Herault 
in Poictou in France, and Knight of the Order of St Michael, by Henry the Second, 
the French king ; who had issue John, Marquis of Hamilton ; who had issue James, 
Marquis of Hamilton, Earl of Arran, Baron of Evon and Aberbroth, created Earl of 
Cambridge, and Baron of Ennerdale in Cumberland, by his Majesty, 1619, and Coun- 
cillor of State for both the kingdoms of England and Scotland, who died 1624, leav- 
ing issue James, Marquis of Hamilton, [who was beheaded in Old Palace Yard, 
March 9, 1648."] 

The MSS. of Mr Roper furnish the two following statements of proceedings in the 
Court of Exchequer relative to this hamlet : — 

1. " Petrus de Lincolnia petit versus Geroldum de Hamilton, unam caricutam 
terras, cum pertinentiis, in Hamelton, ut jus suum, per breve de ingressu, &c. Ge- 
raldus venit, et defendit jus suum, quando, &c. ; et dicit, quod non debet ei inde 
respondere, quia dicit quod non tenet integre praedictam terram versus eum petitiam ; 
eo quod quaedam Juliana, mater praedicti Geroldi, inde tenet tertiam partem in dote, 
et quae non nominatur in brevi : Et Petrus non potest hoc dedicere : Ideo considera- 
tum est, quod praedictus Geraldus eat sine die, et Petrus in maneria ; et perquirat 
sibi aliud breve versus praedict. Julianam, si voluerit."* 

2. " Henricus de Somervile, filius et haeres Joh'is de Somervile, fratris Alexandri, 
monstrat D'no Regi, per petitionem suam Gallicam, quod Rad'us Burgeis, per fraudem 
et covinam, ipsum exhaereditavit de manerio de Hamilton, in eo quod implacitavit 
praedictos Alexandrum et Johannem, per breve de recto, in banco, et ibidem locavit 
duos attornatos, unum pro se, et alium pro praedictis Alexandro et Joh'e ; et tantum 
fecit quod attornatus praedictorum Alexandri et Joh'is fecit defaltam ; per quod judi- 
cium redditum fuit quod dictus Rad'us recuperaret manerium praedictum versus ipsos, 
in perpetuum tenendum sibi et haeredibus suis, prout patet, tarn per placitum hie, 

* Placita 31. Hen. III. in receptu Scaccarii, Rot. 22, anno 1247. 


introductory Burton, in his History of Leicestershire, states, that in his time* the 


the family, arms of these Hamiltons were emblazoned on the principal window of 
""the church of St Mary de Castro in the city of Leicester, being placed 
next to the coat of arms of the Earls of Leicester, and having the name of 
Hamilton below the shield, to denote to whom it belonged. 

This very strong fact, that their coat of arms, so very similar, was 
placed in immediate conjunction with that of the Earls of Leicester, in a 
church founded! by those Earls, is almost decisive of the connexion be- 
tween the two families, t 

quam per petitionem et indortiamentum ejusdem, una cum brevibus missis ad ban- 
cum commune et bancum regis : Ideo preceptum est vicecomiti, quod venire faciat 
predictum Rad'um : Qui venit, et dicit quod breve, per quod venit hie, non concordat 
cum indortiamento petitionis, neque declaratio sua concordat cum placito priori, per 
quod recuperavit versus prsedictos Alexandrum et Joh'em : Et inde petit judicium.* 

The Abbey held ten acres of land in Hamilton, for which they paid scutage at the 
rate of 3|d. 

From certain lands in Thorpe and Hamilton, part of which abutted on the garden 
of Richard, the son of Gerard Hamilton, and other parts super Blye and super Bro- 
dale, the said Gerard paid a free rent to the Abbot of lOd. They had from him a 
farther free rent of 3s. the gift of Wallis, the son of William Herbert of Barkby, and 
of 4s. the proper gift of Gerard. 

They had also a free rent of 7s. 6d. from Richard Wylloby, who held under the 
Abbot in capite, with homage and service, escheats, &c. 

In 1346, Roger de Willoughby held the fourth part of a knight's fee in Barkby 
and Hamilton, of the fees of Ros and Huntingdon. 

" This manor came afterwards to Thomas Keble, serjeant-at-law in the reign of 
King Henry VII; and is now (1641,) the inheritance of Henry, son of Ferdinando 
Sacheverell, of the Old Hays, f 

" The site of the old manor-house of Hamilton is now entirely green grass field ; not 
a stone seen peeping out of the sward ; but, from the inequality of the ground, and the 
vestiges of the different indentations or intrenchments, there are evident indications 
of its having been a family residence in ancient times. 

" There is at present only a single house in the Lordship, which is inhabited by a 

* Burton's work is printed in 1623. His MS. History of the same, of date 1642, 
is preserved in the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. 

+ The church was endowed by Robert de Bellomonte, the first Earl, in 1107. — 
Vide Nicholls, vol. i. fol. 303. 

% Burton, fol. 166, describes thus : — " In St Mary's church, these arms : — 

* Placita de termino Hillarii, 17 Edw. III. Rot. 74, coram Domino Rege, In receptu Scaccarii, anno 134-1. 
t Burton MS. 


That the Scottish Hamiltons are descended from this family of Hamil- introductory 


tons in Leicestershire, I have no doubt ; and in this I am confirmed by the family. 
the concurring opinion of two of the ablest and most profound antiquaries" 
and genealogists of the present day. The absolute identity of arms and 
name prove this j* and it is a remarkable circumstance that this Leices- 
tershire family appears to have left England about the same period that the 
great ancestor of the Hamilton family first appeared in Scotland.t 

The story told by Hector Bcethius, t Lesly, Buchanan, and other Scottish 
historians, of his having been obliged to flee to Scotland for slaying one of 

" 2. Giieuelles, 3 lyons passant gardant, or, a labell of France. 
" 3. Gueuelles, 3 lyons passant gardant, a labell of three points, argent. 
( " 4. Gueuelles, a cinquefoile ermine. 

\ " 5. Gueuelles, three cinquefoiles ermine. Hamilton. 

" 6. Quarterly, or and gueuelles. Saye. &c. &c. &c. 

Nicholls mentions that Wyrely describes these coats in the same manner, but, as 
they are now long destroyed, he only copies them. It is remarkable that to some of 
the coats names are put, whilst to others there are no names, though it was perfectly 
known to what families they belonged ; and they have accordingly been supplied in 
Nicholls,. Thus, the arms of the De Bellomonts, Earls of Leicester, by whom the 
church was endowed, have no name, while the three cinquefoils ermine has the name 
of Hamilton. 

* It is a maxim in heraldry that armorial bearings, and the identity of arms, are, 
next to charters and records, the surest evidences of the sameness of blood and kin- 
dred. Roger, last Lord of Maule, in the Isle de Paris in France, was killed at the 
battle of Nicopolis in Hungary, in 1398, fighting against the Turks. His coat of 
arms, which was hung up in the church of Notre Dame at Paris, was exactly the 
same as that borne by the Earls of Panmure in Scotland. A number of other in- 
stances might be adduced to prove this, were it necessary. 

f There are no notices of this Leicestershire family to be found, either in the public 
or private records after, about the termination of the reign of Henry the Third, in 
1272. After that time many documents occur in Nicholls's History to prove that 
other proprietors held that estate. 

% Bellenden, in his translation of Hector Bcethius, gives the following account of 
the origin of the family: — 

" About this tyme ane Inglisman of nobil blude, namit Hantoun, to eschew ye 
hatrent of king Edward, fled to king Robert in Scotland. Yis knight, efter the battle 
of Bannockburne, was in ye king of Inglandis house at London, and had ane singu- 
lare favour to King Robert, oftymes avaising his gret manheid and virtew ; quhill at 
last John Spensar, richt familiar and tender servitour to king Edward (howbeit he 


introductory the Despencers, may be true in its foundation, though not in its circum- 

NOTICES OF rri U. , n -1 • 

the family, stances. The Despencers were a very powerful family in the county of 


was of vile and obscure lyneage,) tuk sic displeiseir for avaising of king Edwardis 
enyme, yat he pullit haistely his swerd, and hurt Hantoune, howbeit he was little ye 
wers. Hantoune, impatient to suffer this outrage, as man of hie spreit and curage, 
cessit nocht while at last lie slew this Spensar ; and because he was consultit be his 
freindis to eschew ye king's hatrent, he fled with great diligence in Scotland, and was 
tenderly ressavit be King Robert, and gat the lands of Cadyow, quhais posteritie per- 
severis zit amang ws, spred in gret nowmer of pepyl, callit Hamyltonis, sum part 
changit fra ye name of yair first begynar.' 1 

Buchanan, Hollingshed, and the other historians, in their account of the origin of 
the family, give it nearly in the same words. Buchanan terms the progenitor of the 
family " homo nobilis," though afterwards he betrays great inconsistency, when, either 
through a wish to please his patron the Regent Murray, or to gratify his own hostile 
feelings towards the Hamiltons, in speaking of Lord Hamilton, who married, in 1474, 
the Princess Mary, daughter of James the Second, he terms him " homo prope novus." 

Father Hay, in his MS. Genealogical Collections, Advocates' Library, Edinburgh, 
in his account of the Hamiltons, observes : — 

" The name is from England, the succession in Scotland thus : — The first is Sir 
Gilbert, who, having killed the Spencer, favorite to King Edward the First, on the 
quarrell of the Bruce, fled to Scotland, and got from King Robert the barony of Cad- 
yow, now called Hamilton. He married Isabell Randell, sister to Thomas, Earl of 
Murray. He got likewise Kinniel, Machan, and several other lands. Sir John Cun- 
ningham told me that he hath seen a charter of the lands of ***** in Angus, qua 
fuerunt in manibus regis, ratione forisfacturm Elizabeths Comitissce de Strathearn, et 
Gilberti Hamilton, Angli, inimici nostri." 

This Gilbertus, mentioned in the charter quoted from memory by Sir J. Cunning- 
hame, must be an error for Gulielmus ; and the Elizabetha, Countess of Strathearn, 
undoubtedly a mistake for Johanna, Countess of Strathearn, who was engaged in the 
confederacy against Robert the Bruce, wherein Soulis, David de Brechin, and others, 
were concerned. 

There is a William de Hamilton, who is joined with the Countess of Strathearn in 
one charter, as if her husband, and who is called Anglus inimicus mens, in the same 
charter, by Robert the Bruce. 

In Robertson's Index, fol. 46, among the charters by David the Second, No. 3, is 
a charter, " Carta to Maurice Murray of twa Lethams, with the lands of Carmu- 
lache, quhilk Alexander Moubray forisfecit ; with the lands of Ogilvee, in escheit of 
William Hamilton, Englishman." 

This was Maurice Murray of Drumsargard, nephew of Malise, seventh Earl of 
Strathearn, on whom David the Second conferred the Earldom of Strathearn. 

It is not improbable that this William Hamilton was brother of Sir Walter ; and 
it may perhaps account for the family using the name of Hamilton so little for a ge- 
neration or two, that they did not like to employ a name thus strongly associated with 
England, and with those hostile to the predominant power in Scotland. 




Leicester, and nothing is more likely than that an individual of the house introductory 

,„.,.•, r. -, ■„• r-.i NOTICES OF 

of Hamilton was forced to fly their vengeance for killing one of the mem- 
bers of their famdy. The date is evidently wrong, and the fable about 
Edward the Second and Robert the Bruce also false, but quite in charac- 
ter with the legendary origins of families, formerly so universal. 

Other families of the name of Hamilton appear, indeed, in other parts 
of England,* about the time of the early Scottish Hamiltons, but there is 
no reason to suppose any of them settled in Scotland. 

* From the Index to Domesday-Book, it appears there were the following places 
in England of that name, in the time of William the Conqueror : The names of their 
proprietors are given also : — r 


Terr" in clico, Ecclia. 


Martineslei Wap~. 

Albert. Clericus. 


M. ptri Eccliffi, mol. &c. 


Martineslei Wap". 



Terr" in clico, mol. praf . &c. 



Ed ward 15 Saris ber 


M. terr" geld", silva past. &c. 

Eurvisc". W. R. 

Siraches Wap". 

lift", de Laci. 


Villa, terr. 

Eurvisc". W. R. 


Comes Tosti. 


Terr" in clico silva. 



Comes Rogeri. 


Index Locorum. 

Com. Buck. Hamelden, fol. 22. 

Hameldenn, ,, 46. 


Com Ebor Hnmilt.r>n 3 . 

„ 22. 

„ 1 10, 135 

Index Nominum. 

Hamelden, Alex". 
Hameldene, Alex' 

de, fol. 4. 5. 7. 

". de 

„ 4, 6, 7, 38. 

— Thom. de, 

Hameldone, Alex", de, ...... ...„..—._ 

„ 130. 

Hameldun, Heredes Jordani de, 

Hameleden Adam de, 

„ 42. 

Vol. II. 

Index Locorum. 

Com. Roteland, Hameldon, Ecca. fol. 52. 

Hamildon, Ecca. ,, 52. 

Maner. „ 49. 

Index Nominum. 

Hamelden , Wills de, fol. 354. 
Hameleden~, Robr de, „ 821. 



introductory As to the particular individual of the De Bellomont family from whom 
notices of . r . J 

the family, the Hamiltons are descended, genealogical writers usually state him to 

The following places of the same name are to be found in Carlisle's Topographical 
Dictionary : — 

" Hambleden, in the first division of the hund. of Desborough, co. of Buckingham, 
a R. valued in the King's books at £35 ; patron Sir M. Ridley, Bart. ; church ded. 
to St Mary. 

" Hambledon, in the hund. of Hambledon, Portsdown division, co. of Southamp- 
ton, a V. valued in the King's books at £26 : 19:2; patron, the Bishop of Winches- 
ter ; church ded. to St Peter. 

" Hambledon, or Hameldon, in the hund. of Godalming, co. of Surrey; a R. 
valued in the King's books at £6 : 7 : 1 1 ; patron, the Earl of Radnor ; church ded. 
to St Peter. There was a family of the name settled here. 

" Hambleton, in the hund. of Amounderness, co. Palatine of Lancaster; in the 
parish of Kirkham ; a chapel of the certified value of £11 : 5s. ; patron, the Vicar of 

" Hambleton, in the hund. of Martinsley, co. of Rutland, a V. valued in the King's 
books at £10: 17 : 1 ; patrons, the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln; church ded. to St 

" Hambleton, in the Lower Division of the Wapentake of Barkston Ash, West 
Riding, co. of York, in the parish of Brayton. 

" Hambleton House, or Hills, in the Wapentake of Birdforth, North Riding, co. of 
York, in the parish of Cold Kirkby. 

" Hamilton, in the hund. of East Goscote, co. of Leicester, parish of Barkby." 

From Manning and Wray"s History of Surrey, vol. ii. fob 55. 

" Hambledon is a parish lying south of Godalming, &c. In the time of Henry III. 
Richard de Hamleden held a knight's fee here of the honor of Sarum, i. e. of the 
Earl of Salisbury. In the last year of Edward I. anno 1306, Walter de Hameledon 
presented to the living, and was lord here in 1316, anno regni, 9. Ed. II. Simon de 
Banying presented to the living in 1343, as lord of the manor, which, in the follow- 
ing year, was in the hands of Earl Warrenne, probably during the minority of the 
heir of Hamildon. Matilda Hamildon, who died in 1410, married Thomas at Hull, 
and carried the estate into that family, who enjoyed it till 1614." 

From Sir Ludovick Stewart of Kirkhill, Advocate, his General Collections, MS. Advo- 
cates'' Library. 

1. " Ane minute of the Register of Melros : — ' Ane infeftment granted be Robert 
de Muscocampo of the lands of Trotbop or Hathop, to pray for the soulis of Richeart, 
Henrie, and John (then his king,) kingis of England. — Witnesses, Archidiacono, et 
Decano, et Capellano de Northumbria, P. Comes de Dunbar, P. filio ejus, Rogerus 
de ' M. Loi,' Rogerus Bertram, Odonello de Ford, Robertus Akile, Robertus de Ha- 
meldun, Robertus de Maner, Hugo de Morewill, Rogerus de Hamildun," &c. — Coll. 
fol. i. 


have been William, the third son of the third Earl of Leicester ; but this introductory 
■ ,- 111 -i , . . .... , . . . T . NOTICES OF 

is disproved by the evidence which will be found in the notes. 1 am in- the family. 

There is a subsequent charter, in 1223, of the tithes of these lands, by the same 

2. " Carta Walteri de Windisbower de Cliftoun, teste David fratre Regis, Wil- 
lielmo Somervilla, Gaufrid Riddell, Rob. de Landellis, Thoma de Hamilton, Rogero 
ftlio ejus," &c. — Coll. fob 2. 

The date of this charter, from the circumstance of David, Earl of Huntingdon, 
brother of Malcolm the Fourth, being a witness, may be fixed about 1160. 

The preceding notices are not found in the chartulary of Melrose in the Advocates' 
Library, nor in that in the British Museum, (Bibl. Harl.) Crawford quotes a char- 
tulary of Melrose also different from either ; and it is not unlikely that the one quoted 
by Sir Lud. Stewart may be the same with that quoted by Crawford. 

From Dugdale, it appears that, among the manors belonging to Robert de Musco- 
campo, was one called Hamildon ; and it is probable that the Hamiltons, witnesses to 
his charter, were his vassals in that manor, from which they took their name. The 
deed is, indeed, executed in England. This is confirmed by the circumstance that 
Akile was another manor of his, and a Rob. de Akile is also a witness. — For an account 
of the possessions of Rob. de Muscocampo, vide Dugdale 's Baronage, vol. i.fol. 557. 

In respect to the second deed : — Clifton is in Roxburghshire, and Walter de Win- 
dishower was of English lineage, probably the same Walt, de W. who figures as pos- 
sessed of several manors about the same time in Rymer's Fcedera, (new edition,) torn, 
i. The Hamildons there, witnesses, were probably of the same stock as those in the 
other deed, and Roger probably the same person in both. 

Besides these Hamiltons, there appears, among the Vicars of Stanford, county of 
Leicester, a William de Hamilton, about the middle of the thirteenth century, as may 
be seen in Nicholls, vol. iv. fol. 306. 

Also a William de Hamilton, repeatedly taken notice of in the Fcedera Angliae, from 
1274 to 1305, being employed in various negotiations and transactions of importance. 

He was Archbishop of York and Lord Chancellor of England during the reign of 
Edward the First. He was one of the commissioners appointed by that monarch, 
who met at Upsettlington, near Norham Castle, on 2d June 1292, to determine the 
claims of Baliol, Bruce, and the other competitors to the Scottish crown. 

He was second brother to Hamilton of Hamilton Hills, in the North Riding, York- 
shire. The family ended in the male line on his and his brother's death, and his 
brother's daughter Sibylla carried the estate into another family. 

Pedigree of this Family, from Roger Dodsworth's MS. Collections, preserved in the 

Bodleian Library, Oxford : — 



I I 

dam de Hamilton, William de Hamilton, 

Archbishop of York, and 
Sibylla, Chancellor of England, 

heiress of Adam, and married to 
John de Metham. 


introductory c lined to believe it may have been from Hugh, surnamed Pauper, the 
the family, third son of the first Earl of Leicester, who, during one of the civil con- 
gests of that period, from the rank of Earl of Bedford fell to that of a 
simple knight ; and this is rendered the more likely, from the circumstance 
of the Hamiltons of Leicestershire having been settled, as already stated, 
at the manor of Hamilton for some considerable time previously to the 
extinction of the Earls of Leicester. 

Mr Wood, who lately edited a new edition of the Peerage of Scotland, 
after noticing that Dugdale, in his English Baronage, in his account of 
the Earls of Leicester, is wholly silent as to the descent of the Hamiltons 
from the third Earl, continues to observe, that as William predeceased his 

" Hamilton, in Bray ton parish, Yorkshire. — William de Hamilton gives the manors 
of Marr, Hamilton, Gateford, and Abeholm, to John Metham and Sibylla his spouse. 
William de Hamilton, in 1307, mortified a certain sum to Our Lady in Hamilton, in 
the parish of Brayton." 

There was also a William de Hamilton, who held a mess and a caracute of land at 
the village of Marton in Warwickshire, anno regni 18. Edward I. or 1292. 

In my researches after the early Scottish Hamiltons, the first of that name I find 
mentioned is in that excellent and useful work of Mr Cleland's, " The Annals of 
Glasgow." In vol. ii. fol. 484, he gives the translated copy of a charter from Malcolm 
the Third, surnamed Canmore, to the masons of Glasgow, granting them very ample 
privileges. The witnesses are, David Comes, Duncan Comes, Gilbertus Comes de 
Menteth, Andrew Hamilton, Bishop of Glasgow, Sir Robert of Velen, and Adam of 
Stonehouse ; dated at Fordie. 

Malcolm the Third reigned between the years 105T and 1093, and the Domesday- 
book, wherein, as already seen, several Hamiltons appear, was compiled about 1080 ; 
there is, therefore, nothing improbable in one of the Hamiltons being settled in Scot- 
land at this early period, when they are to be found in England about the same time. 
But the circumstance of his being designed Bishop of Glasgow must throw suspicion 
on the credibility of the deed, there having been no Bishops of Glasgow for some con- 
siderable time after this, — the first, according to Chalmers, whose authority is de- 
cisive, having been John, (the preceptor of David the First,) who died in 1147. 
The authenticity of this charter, which I have inspected, may be questioned in 
other respects, setting aside the fact that few or no deeds of Malcolm the Third 
are now to be found, either in the chartularies or public records. It is too verbose, 
and has too much legal formality for a deed of that remote age, which are in general 
remarkable for their brevity and simplicity ; I say nothing of the age of the parch- 
ment, which is easily imitated, but the character of the handwriting appears to me 
not to be above 200 or 250 years old. I therefore conclude that this notice of a Ha- 
milton in Scotland, at so very early a period, remains without foundation or authority. 

Crawfurd and Douglas, in their Peerages, take notice of a Gilbert de Hamilton, a 
clericus or churchman, mentioned in the chartulary of Paisley as one of the witnesses 



elder brother,* without issue, he could not be the progenitor of the Ha- sir w alter 

,11, , , • j , • • • p DE HAMILTON. 

rontons, and seems to think that they may have derived their origin from ===== 
one of the younger sons of the second Earl, " as the similarity of arms, 
and the concurring testimony of several genealogists, evince that they 
came from that house." But of these three sons, Henry, Geoffrey, and 
John, introduced by Archdall in his Peerage without authority or evi- 
dence, neither Dugdale nor Nicholls make mention ; and Dugdale was 
the most accurate of genealogical writers. 

along with Walterus, Sanescallus Scotia?, Comes de Menteth, &c. to a confirmation- 
charter, by Alexander the Third, of the church of Craigyn, to the monastery of 
Paisley, of date 1272. 

* That William predeceased his elder brother he makes appear evident, from the 
great inheritance of the family going to the two sisters and their husbands, and from 
a charter in Nicholls's History of Hinckley, of this tenor : — 

" Petronilla, Comitissa Leicestrise, dedisse Deo et Sanctse Marise de Lira, 40 solidos 
in molendinis meis de Bristolio — annuatim persolvendos ad faciendum anniversarium 
Willielmi de Britolio, filii mei." — This charter serves also to show that the sirname 
of William was not Hamilton, but Britolio. 

In a communication from George Frederick Beltz, Esq. Lancaster Herald, Herald's 
College, London, he states, that, in the pedigrees of the Bellomont family, preserved in 
the records there, this William is termed " Leprosus ;" and that his brother and he 
dying without issue, the arms of Bellomont were borne as a quartering by the de- 
pendents of his sisters. 




sir Walter In charters, and other documents of the age, he is usually designed 

DE HAMILTON. |'_ , _.„ . J,' , ' : 'I? ~„ 

Walterusjilius Gilberti, or sometimes Walter Fitz-Gilbert. 

In the chartulary of Paisley he appears as one of the witnesses to the 
charter of confirmation by James, Great Steward of Scotland, to the monas- 
tery of Paisley, of the privilege of a herring-fishery in the Clyde, anno 1294. 
Prynne's Collections, He appears to have had large possessions in Scotland at this period ; for 
Ragman Roil, in Nis- we find him, with many others, swearing fealty to King Edward the First, 
anno 1292, for lands lying in Lanarkshire, and again, in 1294, for lands 
lying in other counties.* 

During the contest which ensued for the succession to the Scottish 
crown, after the death of Alexander the Third, he adhered to the English, 
or Baliol interest. Edward the Second appointed him governor of the 
Castle of Bothwell, and he held that important fortress for the English at 
the period of the battle of Bannockburn, as appears from Barbour, in his 
Metrical History of the Bruce : — 

" Quhen the gret bataill on this wiss, 
Was discumfyt as Ik dewyss, 
Quhar thretty thowsand wele war ded, 
Or drownyt in that ilk sted ; 
And sum war in till handis tane ; 
And othyr sum thair gate war gane ; 
The Erie of Herford fra the melle 

* In the remarks on the Ragman Roll, in Nisbet's Heraldry, vol. ii. App. fol. 46, 
it is stated, " Walter Fitz-Gilbert de Hamilton is the same great man that is men- 
tioned before in this record, &c. All that we shall add here is, that he must be a 
very considerable person, and possessed of an estate in different places, when he is 
swearing fealty to the King of England in different counties, though, by the by, he 
seems to have a special relation to the shire of Lanark. ' 


Departyt, with a gret mengne; S1R WALTER 

And straucht to Bothwell tok the vai, DE HAMILTON. 

That then in the Ingliss mennys fay 

Was, and haldyn as (a) place of wer. 

Schyr Waltre Gilbertson was ther 

Capitane, and it had in ward, 

The Erie of Herford thiddyrward 

Held, and wes tane in our the wall, 

And fyfty of his men with all ; 

And set in howssis sindyrly 

Swa that they had thar na mercy,* 

The lave went towart Ingland, 1 ' &c. 

Dr Jamieson's edition, 1820, Book Ninth, I. 5*76. 

And, a little farther on, alluding to the proceedings of King Robert 
after the battle, he adds : — 

" And syne to Bothwell send he 
Schyr Eduuard with a gret menye; 
For thar wes than send him word 
That the rich Erie of Herford, 
And othyr mychty als, wer ther. 
Swa tretyt he with Schyr Walter, 
That Erie, and Castell and the lave, 
In Schyr Eduuardis hand he gave, 
And till the King the Erie send he 
That gert him rycht weill yemyt be ; 
Quhill at the last thai tretyt sua 
That he till Ingland hame suld ga, 
For owtyn paying of ransoune fre ; 
And that for him suld changyt be 
Byschap Robert that blynd was mad ; 

* Dr Jamieson, in a note relative to the word mercy here used, observes, " Per- 
haps the meaning is, that the governor of Bothwell Castle, viewing them as fugitives 
from the field of battle, showed them no compassion, but confined them to separate 
houses as prisoners." — In some of the older editions of the Bruce, the word used is 
maistery, which appears to me to signify, that, from their being separately confined, 
they could have no control or command over the garrison. For the discovery of Sir 
Walter Gilbertson and Walter Fitz-Gilbert being the same person, I am indebted to 
J. Riddell, Esq. advocate, communicated through Sir William Hamilton, Bart. 


SIR WALTER And the Queyne that thai takyn had 

DE HAMILTON. ^ p^,^ as before said I ; 

And hyr douchtre Dame Maiory, 

The Erie wes changyt for thir thre,"* &c. 

Book Ninth, I. 848. 

Douglas and Wood's King Robert the Bruce bestowed on him several lands and baronies, 
peerages. ^^ ^ ^ ^. ft ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ barony of Cadyow,+ (now called 

Foedera AugH*, * The Earl of Hereford was exchanged for the wife, sister, and daughter of King 

«'• 446. Robert, for Robert Wishart, Bishop of Glasgow, and the young Earl of Mar. 

Caled. vol. iii. t " In various ancient charters, from the twelfth to the fifteenth century, the name 

of the barony, and of the church of the parish, appears in the various forms of Cadi- 
how, Cadyou, Cadyhow, and Cadyow. The origin of the name is very obscure. In 
the ancient Welsh MSS. mention is made of a place in Scotland called Rodwyz-Ceidio, 
which signifies the boundary or rampart of Ceidio, a chieftain who is often mentioned 
in these MSS. ; but there is nothing which can show that Cadyow derived its name 
from this chieftain Ceidio. Cad and Caid, in the Gaelic, signifies a rock or rocky 
height, Cad-eo the rocky height of the grave, and Cad-id'a the rocky height of the 


The ruins of the Castle of Cadyow, as represented in the frontispiece, stand in a 
romantic situation on the summit of a precipitous rock of a reddish colour, the foot 
of which is washed by the Avon. It was surrounded by a forest of very fine oaks, of 
which many, of an extraordinary size and age, still remain ; and there is much natural 
wood of other kinds on the banks of the Avon . 

It is not known who were the founders of this castle, which appears to have been 
built at a very remote period. In ancient times it was a royal residence, as is evident 
from the charters of many of our Scottish Kings, during the twelfth and thirteenth 
centuries, being dated " Apud Cadyow:' David the First made a grant to the church 
of Glasgow, in elemosina pura, of the tenth of his can or kain in Stragrief, (or Ren- 
frew,) in Cunninghame, Kyle, and Carrick, which grant was dated from Cadihou in 


The manor of Cadyow was in possession of the crown during his r-ign ; and the 
same monarch, with the assent of his son Earl Henry, granted the cl arch of Cadi- 
how, with its pertinents, to the church and Bishops of Glasgow ; and this grant was 
confirmed by the bulls of Pope Alexander, in 1170 and 1178, of Pope Lucius in 1181, 
and of Pope Urban in 1 186. 

Along with other lands in Clydesdale, the lands and Castle of Cadyow seem after- 
wards to have become the property of a branch of the once powerful family of the 
Cummings. During the contested reigu of John Baliol, the lands of Cadyow had 
fallen into the possession of the crown ; for we find that when that monarch contracted 
his son Edward Baliol to a niece of the King of France, with a portion of 25,000 
livres tournois, he secured her jointure upon certain of his lands in France, and upon 
some of the crown lands in Scotland, viz. the lands and Castle of Cadyow, the lands 


Hamilton, the chief seat of the family ;) the barony of Machanshyre ; the sir walter 
lands of Edelwood, lying in the county of Lanark ; the lands and baronies ■ 

of Kinniel, Larbert, and Auldcathie in Linlithgowshire, and the lands of 
Kirkender and Kirkowen in the county of Wigtown. 

To David, the son and successor of the great Bruce, he continued ever 
faithful. During his minority he accompanied the Regent Douglas to Haiies's Annals, vol. 

° * _ _ iii. fol. 90. 

of Machanshire, Kilcadyovv, Lanark, Cunninghame, Hadinton, and the Castellany of 

On the 28th April 1315, King Robert the Bruce granted to the Dominican or 
preaching friars of Glasgow, for supporting the lights of their church, and other 
works, twenty marks sterling yearly from the King's lands of Cadyow in Clydesdale. 
The lands of Cadyow continued to belong to the crown until King Robert made a 
grant of them to Sir Walter Fitzgilbert de Hamilton. 

The successors of Sir Walter continued to make the Castle of Cadyow their prin- 
cipal seat down to the period of the Duke of Chatelherault ; this nobleman having 
also made it his residence, as is proved from many charters and public documents 
being dated from thence by him while Regent of the kingdom, yet preserved in the 
public records. And certainly, from its lofty and commanding situation, and when 
surrounded by those fine oaks, while in the pride of their strength and vigour, as a 
baronial residence it must have been surpassed by few. 

This fortress appears to have occupied a considerable extent of ground ; to have 
been constructed with all the strength and solidity peculiar to the feudal ages ; and to 
have contained within its walls a chapel and various offices. It also appears to have 
been surrounded with a strong rampart and fosse, some remains of which are yet to 
be seen. It underwent several seiges. In 1515 it was invested by the Regent, Duke 
of Albany, at the head of a select body of troops and a train of artillery. It was then 
the residence of the Princess Mary, the daughter of James the Second, King of Scot- 
land, and mother of the first Earl of Arran. Ordering the gates to be opened, she 
went out to meet the Duke, who was her nephew by the father's side, and soon ef- 
fected a reconciliation betwixt him and her son the Earl. After the battle of Lang- 
syde, in 1568, it was summoned by the Regent Murray in person, and yielded up 
to him on discretion. It was again besieged, in 1570, by Sir William Drury, com- 
mander of the English troops, who came to assist the Regent Lennox against the 
Hamiltons and others of the Queen's friends. The captain, Arthur Hamilton of 
Merritoun, refusing to yield, batteries were erected against it, and, at the end of two 
days, he agreed to surrender, on condition that the lives of the garrison were spared. 

It was, however, shortly afterwards repaired, and was lastly besieged in 1579 by 
the troops of the Regent Morton. The garrison was commanded by the same Arthur 
Hamilton of Merritoun, but, after a few days' determined resistance, they were forced 
to yield on discretion. The castle was completely dismantled, and the garrison were 
led prisoners to Stirling, with their hands tied behind their backs, where their brave 
commander was publicly executed. 

The Castle of Cadyow has now been a ruin for two centuries and a half. It has 
been recently celebrated in the fine ballad of " Cadyow Castle," by Sir Walter Scott. 



sir Walter the relief of Berwick, then threatened with a siege by the English mo- 


narch, and was present at the battle of Halidon Hill, where he had a com- 
mand in the second great body of the army under the young Stewart. 

Edward the Third, who this day led the English, had posted his army 
advantageously on Halidon Hill, a little to the west of Berwick, and 
awaited the onset of the Scots, who, being exceedingly irritated by the 
1333, July 19. cruel and impolitic execution of Thomas and Alexander Seton, the sons 
of the governor of Berwick, were impatient for action. The Scots had a 
marshy valley to cross before they could reach the hill to attack their ene- 
mies ; the men at arms therefore dismounted, resolved to fight to the last. 
As they advanced across the low ground, and began to ascend the hill, 
they suffered severely from the arrows of the English archers, whose supe- 
riority in the use of the long bow began about this period to be acknow- 
ledged by all the neighbouring nations. The raw and hasty levies of 
which the majority of the Scottish army were composed, being, however, 
encouraged and animated by the remnant of those hardy veterans who 
had fought and conquered under the Bruce, presented an undaunted 
front, and gallantly maintained the attack. Continuing steadily to ad- 
vance under every disadvantage, they drove the English before them, until 
several commanders of note being killed, and the Regent mortally wound- 
ed, they began gradually to give way; and the English, observing the 
confusion in their ranks, made a vigorous attack with a body of reserve, 
when the wearied Scots broke on all sides, and a total route ensued. 

There fell on this disastrous day about 10,000 of the Scots. Almost all 
those who had escaped the fatal field of Duplin perished here. Sir Walter 
was one of the few gentlemen of condition who escaped from the route at 
Halidon Hill, and got safe home. 

The name of his first wife is unknown. He married, secondly, Mary, 
the only daughter of Adam, Dominus de Gordon,* a nobleman of great 

* All the Gordons in Scotland appear to be descended from Adam, Dominus de 
Gordon . His original seat was at Huntly or Hundeley, upon the borders ; but upon 
his obtaining from King Robert the Brace a grant of the noble lordship of Strabolgie, 
&c. in Aberdeenshire, then in the gift of the crown, by the forfeiture of David de 
Hastings de Strabolgie, Earl of Athol, he removed to the north, fixed his residence 
there, and gave to these lands and lordship the name of Huntly, which has been one 
of the chief titles of his family ever since. 


influence and respectability, and who acted a very distinguished part sir Walter 


during the reigns of Baliol, Robert the Bruce, and David the Second. =====; 
This is authenticated by a charter from King Robert, in the ninth year 1315. 

of his reign : — " Waltero, Alio Gilberti, dilecto et fideli nostro, totum tene- 
mentum de Machan, quod fuit quondam Joan. Cumyn, mil. cum pertinen. 
in Valle de Clude, tenend. dicto Waltero et haeredibus suis, inter ipsum et 
Mariam de Gordoune, sponsam suam, legitime procreatis; et, ipsis haeredi- 
bus deficientibus, hgeredibus ejusdem Walteri, de uxore sua priore legitimi 
geniti," &c. 

He had another charter from the same Prince — " To Walter, the son 
of Gilbert, and his wife Mary Gordon, and their heirs, of the lands and 
barony of Kinniel," dated 28th July 1324. He left issue two sons — 

1. Sir David, his successor. 

2. John de Hamilton, who, marrying Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of 
Sir Alan Stewart of Dreghorn, got with her the lands of Ballencrief, &c. 
He is witness to a charter of William de Cunyngham, Dominus de Car- 
rick : — " Jacobo de Leprewyke, medietatis terrae de Polkaine in Kyle — 

Regis, et in vie. de Are — Testibus Dominus David, filio Walteri ; Johanne Rob. index, foi. 77. 

de Daniellystoun ; Alexandre, Senescallo, multibus ; Johanne, jilio Domini 

Walteri ; Johanne de Nesbith ; Johanne de Robardstoun, et multis aliis : 

carta confirm. : Regis data est 5 Dec. anno regni 36 ;" corresponding to 

the year 1365. Of him are descended the Hamiltons of Innerwick, the 

Earls of Haddington, and others. 

Sir Walter de Hamilton had two brothers — 

1. Sir John de Hamilton de Rossaven, who had a charter from his ne- 
phew Sir David de Hamilton of Cadyow, of the barony of Fingaltoun in 
Renfrewshire, dated in 1339. He is ancestor of the Hamiltons of Fing- 
toun and Prestoun, from whom are sprung the families of Airdrie and of 
Ellershaw, and from whom are said to be descended the Hamiltons of 
Cairnes, and the Hamiltons of Mount Hamilton, in Ireland. 

2. Hugo de Hamilton. A charter, in the possession of the Robertons Stewarts Gen. Hist, 
of Earnock, has for witnesses, Walterus, filius Gilberti, et Hugo frater 





sir david de In the records of the age he is designed " David Fitz- Walter Fitz-Gil- 
iord'cf CAD70H. bert," and sometimes " David de Hamylton, miles, et Dominus de Cad- 

He was a person of great consideration during the eventful reign of 
David the Second, and, like his father Sir Walter, continued ever faith- 
1343. ful to the interests and fortunes of that monarch. When the son of the 

Bruce, on his return from France, (whither he had gone after the fatal 
battle of Halidon Hill,) was excited, by the scenes of ruin and devastation 
which on every side met his eye, to take severe revenge and retaliation on 
the English, Sir David accompanied and served under him, when, for 
nearly the space of two years, he carried fire and sword through the 
northern counties of England. He accompanied him also the third year, 
when he led a gallant and well-appointed army across the Tyne. As he 
advanced towards York, he was met by the English (who, on the first 
news of this invasion, had mustered their forces,) in the neighbourhood 
of Durham. 

The Scots at this time were much reduced in numbers, many of the com- 
mon soldiers, according to their custom, when they had acquired sufficient 
plunder, having returned to their own country. The knowledge of this 
circumstance did not deter David from engaging the English ; and, with 
a view to ascertain the true situation of their army, he sent out, on the 
1346. morning of the 17th October, a chosen body of horse under Douglas, the 

Knight of Liddlesdale, to reconnoitre, and also to procure a supply of 
forage and provisions. He unexpectedly encountered the whole English 
army on its march, and a hot conflict ensued, when the Scots, after the 
loss of 500 men, and their leader being nearly captured, were driven back 
upon their main body. 


This brought on a general action sooner than was expected ; but the sir david de 

„ ,f -I.,,-, ii- HAMILTON, 

Scots, though surprised, behaved with uncommon courage and resolution, lord of cadyow. 

Observing the great execution of the English archers, the Lord High 
Steward charged them, sword in hand, with so much fury, that they were 
driven back upon another division, which must also have given way, had 
not Edward Baliol, who commanded in chief, advanced at the head of a 
chosen body of reserve to its support. This movement decided the fate 
of the battle, for Baliol, who was as brave and active in the field as he 
was deficient in council, drove before him the High Steward, who, with 
his line, made a most masterly retreat. Baliol, without pursuing them 
any distance, then wheeled round and flanked the division, commanded 
in person by his rival David, who at this period was hotly engaged with 
another division of the English army. 

The King of Scots fought at the head of a chosen battalion, composed 
of the flower of his nobility, and of those Frenchmen who had accom- 
panied him on his return from France. He had successfully opposed the 
enemy's division, but, overwhelmed by this vast disproportion of force, 
the troops that fought under him were nearly cut to pieces. " All the 
Scots about his person were reduced to about eighty noblemen and gen- 
tlemen ; and he himself, after performing prodigies of valour, was wounded 
in the head by an arrow. Even in this desperate state he refused to ask 
for quarter, imagining he would be relieved by the Steward, or by that divi- 
sion of his army under the Lords Murray and Douglas. The latter moved 
to his assistance when it was too late ; and David, perceiving himself totally 
overpowered, was endeavouring to effect a retreat, when he was overtaken 
by a party under one John Copeland, who, in attempting to seize the 
King, lost two of his front teeth by a blow from his gauntlet. David, 
however, finding it vain to resist any longer, asked if any man of quality 
was among his pursuers, and Copeland saying that he himself was an 
English baron, the King gave him his sword, and surrendered himself 
prisoner." In another part of the field, the division under Murray and 
Douglas was totally routed ; and the High Steward, by carrying his line 
entire off the field, saved the remains of the army, and effected a safe re- 
treat to Scotland. 

In this battle, so fatal to the Scots, Sir David de Hamilton was taken Fcedera Angiue, vol. v. 

fol 547 

prisoner. On the 14th February 1347, we find that an order was issued 
to the Archbishop of York not to deliver up David Fitz-Walter Fitz-Gil- 





Chartulary of Glasgow 

Chart, in Pub. Arch, 
and Rob. Index- 

Robertson's Index. 

Robertson's Index. 


Robertson's Genealo- 
gies of Cunninghame, 
vol. i. S57. 

bert without the King's special mandate. Some time after this, however, 
he obtained his freedom on payment of a heavy ransom. 

Sir David mortified to the see of Glasgow, pro salute animce suae, an an- 
nuity of ten merks sterling out of his barony of Kynnele. He is in this 
designed " Dominus David, jilim Walteri,Jilii Gilberti," anno 1361. 

He obtained a charter from David the Second, " Davidi, Jilio Waltert 
militis," confirming a charter granted by King Robert the First, — " Wal- 
teri, Jilio Gilberti, militi, terrarum baronice de Cadyoiv, cum pertinen.jacen. 
in vicecomitatu de Lanark," dated at Lindores, 27th December 1368 ; 
and other two charters from the same Prince to " David, the son of Walter, 
and grandson of Sir Gilbert," of several other lands, in December 1369. 

He is mentioned as one of the magnates Scotia?, at a meeting of the 
estates held at Scone, 27th March 1371, when John Earl of Carrick was 
unanimously acknowledged to be eldest lawful son of King Robert the 
Second, and undoubted heir to the crown. His seal is appended to the 
deed or instrument uttered on this occasion, having for bearing three 
cinquefoils, and round the outside of the shield are the words " Sigill. 
David Fitz- Walter." On the label by which the seal is affixed to the 
deed are the words "D'ns D.fil. Walt."* 

He appears to have married a daughter of William Earl of Ross.t and 
left issue — 

1. Sir David, his successor. 

2. Walter de Hamilton, ancestor of the Hamiltons of Cambuskeith and 
Grange in Ayrshire. He is evidently the same person who obtained from 
Robert the Second a charter of a tenement of land in the city of Edinburgh. 

3. Alan of Lethberd, or Larbert in Linlithgowshire, who granted to 

* He is one of the witnesses to King David's confirmation of a charter by Walter 
Bisset, of half the barony of Culter to William de Newbyggyng, Dominus de Duns- 
yar, dated " Apud Sconam," 30th September 1365. The other witnesses are, W. de 
Wardlaw, Ep s Glasguensi ; Patricius, Ep s Brechinensi ; Adamus, Ep s Candide Case ; 
Dominus Walterus de Erskine et Archebaldus de Douglas, militibus ; Dominus Ro- 
bertus de Glen, Rector Ecclesiae de Libbertoun ; Johannis de Graham, Patricius de 
Lumley, Adamus de Lanerk, clericus, et multis aliis. 

f The Peerage writers state that he was married to Margaret, only daughter of 
Walter Leslie, Earl of Ross ; but this is evidently incorrect, as this lady was married 
to Donald, Lord of the Isles, who, in consequence of this marriage, laid claim to the 
Earldom of Ross, and fought the bloody battle of Harlaw in 1411. 


his nephew, David Hamilton of Cambuskeith, a charter of the lands of sir david de 
Blairmead, which was confirmed by the over-lord, Archibald Earl of Dou- lord of cad™*. 
glas, and Lord of Galloway, dated at Peebles, 29th January 1411. * 

* Mr Robertson states this charter to be amoDg tbe family writs of Hamilton of 
Grange, and conceives this Alan of Lethberd to have been the son of John, the an- 
cestor of Innerwick, and cousin-german to David of Cambuskeith ; but it is evident, 
from the term patruus, that he was the uncle, by the father's side, and may have got 
the lands of Larbert from his father or grandfather, which last had a grant of them 
from King Robert the Bruce. 




sir david de Sir David, at the time of his father's death, was proprietor of the lands 


!.6rd or cadyow. of Clonesynach, Bernis, and Auldlands, in the county of Renfrew. 

He was knighted by Robert the Second, by whom he was held in great 
estimation. The same monarch made him a grant of the lands of Both- 
Chan. in Pub. Arch, well Muir, anno 1S77- He also gave him a charter, " quadraginta mer- 
cat. Sterlingorum annul redditus, terrarum baronice de Cadyow,' in excam- 
bion for the lands of Clonesynach, Bernis, and Auldlands, conveyed by 
him to Robert de Erskyne. In this charter he is designed " Dominus 
David de Hamilton, filius et haeres David, fllij Walteri." 

He gave him another charter of sixteen merks sterling out of the feu- 
duties of Cadyow, to himself and his wife Jonetta, in lieu of some lands 
in the barony of Bathgate, which, at the solicitation of the King, he re- 
signed to Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith, to preserve peace and amity 
between the two families. 

He married Johanetta de Keith,* Domina de Galston, only daughter 
and heiress of the gallant Sir William Keith of Galston, by whom he had 
issue — 

* Several of the Peerage writers and genealogists, in their account of the Hamilton 
family, have stated this lady to have been the daughter of Sir William Keith, Great 
Marshall of Scotland, while others have asserted that she was the daughter of Sir 
William Keith of Galston. This long controverted question has been now set at rest 
by the following communication, with which I have been kindly favoured by John 
Riddel], Esq. Advocate: — 

Gen. History or the " Andrew Stuart, in support of his favourite theory of the identity of William 

sefl Stewart, younger brother of Sir John Stewart of Darnley who fell at the siege of 

Orleans in 1429, with Sir William Stewart of Castlemilk, who figured as early 

as 1398, and the undoubted ancestor of the family of Castlemilk, is obliged to adopt 

the hypothesis that the Janet de Keith whom Sir David Hamilton of Cadyow mar- 


I. Sir John, his successor. sir david de 

II. George, ancestor of the Hamiltons of Boreland in Ayrshire. lord or cadtow. 

III. William, ancestor of the Hamiltons of Bathgate. tVawford'Tpeera^e 

__ I). 198. 

ried, was not daughter and heiress of Sir William Keith of Galston, but the daughter p . sis^ S 
of Sir Edward Keith, Marshal of Scotland. 

" That the former Janet, however, was the wife of David of Cadyow, seems esta- 
blished by the following evidence, which also leads to a still more important conclusion 
respecting the controverted male representationship of the Stuarts of Darnley. 

" As ' Lady of Galston,' she grants a charter, in 1406, which is dated at Dalserf, R eg . Mag. Sig. Rot. 
from which it is to be presumed that Dalserf was her place of residence, and belonged *'• 17 ' 
to her either in her own right or in that of her husband. Now, it is a material cir- 
cumstance that Dalserf never belonged to the Keiths, but was the principal manor 
of the tennandry or barony of Machanshire as it was called, which had been be- 
stowed upon Walter Fitz-Gilbert, ancestor of the principal family of Hamilton, by Reg. Mag. Sig. Rot. 
Robert the First, and continued to be possessed by his representatives as far down at '' 72- 
least as the following century. Hence the probable inference that she was seated 
there as dowager, or lady tercer upon the estate of Hamilton. But farther still, 
among the leading title-deeds of the house of Hamilton, there is a charter hy King 
Robert the Second, dated in 1378, confirming an alienation, by Sir David de Hamil- 
ton and Janet his spouse, of certain parts of the barony of Bathgate in favour of James 
Douglas of Dalkeith, which David is there expressly said to have possessed in right 
of his said spouse ; and the King, in this very charter, remits to David sixteen merks 
sterling of the rent due to him out of the lands of Cadyow, under which burden, as is 
well known, the family of Hamilton originally held Cadyow, which was a royal demesne 
of the crown. This David, therefore, was no other than David of Cadyow ; and, as 
' Janet Keith of Galston' is proved, by charter and other evidence, to have been pro- Gen. Hist. P . y+, & c . 
prietrix of Bathgate, there can be as little doubt that she was his wife, and the indi- 
vidual Janet here mentioned. 

" The deed now to be quoted is corroborative of the same fact, while it legally es- 
tablishes an important link in the Hamilton pedigree ; for which reason, as well as an- 
other that will be apparent in the sequel, a fuller extract from it shall be here given : — 

" • Omnibus banc cartam visuiis, &c. David de Hamilton et Janeta de Kcth, Penes Hamilton of 
sponsa sua, salutem in Domino. Sciatis nos, quandam cartam Willielmi de Galbrathe, Bar(iowi »'- 
Domini de Kartconvalle, inspcxisse, in hsec verba: — Willielmus Galbrathe, Dominus de 
Kartconval, salutem : Sciatis nos confirmasse, carissimo filio meo, Jacobo de Galbrathe, 
unam carracutam terra, et quartam partem unius carracutse terrae, scilicet dimidium 
de Estyrbothernok, videlicet illam dimidietatem quae jacet propinquior Kelvine, et di- 
midium de Westyrbothernok, &c. cum dimidictate molendini de Kyncade, cum per- 
tinentiis, in comitatu de Levenax, &c. &c— quam quidem cartam nos David et Janeta 
praedicta in omnibus confirmamus. In cujus rei testimonium presenti carta; confir- 
mationis nostrae sigilla nostra sunt appensa, apud manerium nostrum de Dalserf, unde- 
cimo die mensis Octobris, anno Domini millesimo tricentesimo octogesimo primo. 
Hiis testibus, Domino Roberto de Danielstoun milite, Domino ejusdem ; Andrea de 
Conyngham ; Johanne, filio Domini Walteri ; Roberto de Levyngston, Domino de 
Drumry; Johanne de Hamilton, filio nostro et hserede; Johanne de Parco,' &c. 



sir david de IV. Andrew, ancestor of the Hamiltons of Udston. 

HAMILTON, lt , ^ ... 

lord or cadvow. V. John, ancestor of the family or Bardowie, concerning whom, more 
particulars will be found in the second part of this Work. 

Foi. ?85. " Janet Keith of Galston, as is evident from Sir Ludovick Stewart's volume of MS. 

Collections in the Advocates' Library, having been the heiress, through her mother, 
of the once great and ancient family of Galbraith, who possessed both Galston and 
Bathgate, would naturally, in this manner, confirm the acts of its subordinate mem- 
bers and retainers. And here she is directly proved to have been the wife of a David 
Hamilton who possessed the manor of Dalserf which was the undoubted property of 
David Hamilton of Cadyow, and hence no other than him. 

" Taking all these circumstances together, there really seems no ground for the 
contrary supposition of Andrew Stuart, which labours under the additional objec- 
tion that there is no legal evidence of the existence of a Janet Keith, daughter of 
a Marshal of Scotland, the wife of David ,• nay, so far from this, it is even proved, by 
incontestable evidence in the charter-chest of the noble family of Mar, partly alluded 
to by Lord Hailes in the Sutherland case, that the cotemporary Janet Keith, — daughter 
of Sir Edward Keith, admitted to have been Marshal of Scotland, whom Andrew 
v n. Hist. P . 92. Stuart, upon the authority of Nisbet's Heraldry, wishes to represent as the wife of 
David of Cadzow, and the ancestrix of his subsequent line, — the only other Janet 
Keith of ivhom there is legal proof at the time, — was in fact the wife of Thomas 
Erskine of Erskine from the year 1390, (probably before it,) down at least to the 
year 1413 : And as it is in right of this very lady, whose grandmother was the Lady 
Elyne Mar, daughter of Gratney, Earl of Mar, that the family of Erskine succeeded, 
as heirs-at-law, to the Earldom of Mar, it follows that she could not have left de- 
scendants by any previous marriage with a Hamilton ; for, in that event, they, and 
not the Erskines, would have been the preferable heirs to the Earldom. Neither can 
it be pretended that she was the wife of David of Cadzow after the death of Erskine, 
because it is very certain that David was dead long before 1390, while the other was 
alive, and her husband as late as the year 1413. 
Peerage, vol. ii. " R is singular that a late Peerage writer, Mr Wood, in all appearance to avoid 

pp. 186—7. this conclusion, has created a third Janet Keith, assuming, upon no competent autho- 

rity, that Sir Edward, the Marshal, had tiro daughters of that name, — one, of course, 
the wife of David of Cadzow, and the other of Erskine, while he also talks of Janet 
Keith, daughter of the Knight of Galston ; thus in some degree rather compromising 
the purity of the descent of two noble families, whom he elsewhere is at pains to com- 

" The fact that John was son and heir of David of Cadyow, though generally 
asserted, was formerly by no means proved ; but here we have him, in a legal deed, 
explicitly called son and heir-apparent of his father ; — so that now the whole male 
line of the Ducal family of Hamilton, from Walter Fitz-Gilbert, the original ancestor 
in 1292, down to the present moment, is fully and legally instructed. 

" But this is not all; the date of the charter in 1381 is, besides, fatal to the pre- 
tensions of the family of Castlemilk, as espoused by Andrew Stuart, (by whom it was 
never seen,) to the male representation of the Stuarts of Darnley. By evidence that is 

fir* V 


1. Daughter, Elizabeth, married to Sir Alexander Frazer of Cowie and sir david de 

° tii HAMILTON, 

Dores, ancestor to the Frazers, Lords Sultoun. loud of cadvow. 

He died before 1392. 

even referred to by that able and ingenious author, it is clear that Janet Keith ' of Gen. Hist. pp. 83-4, 
GaktorC was afterwards married, towards the end of the fourteenth century, to Sir &c- 
Alexander Stuart of Darnley. She again survived her husband, having by him been 
the mother of the heroic Sir John Stuart of Darnley, Constable of France, who fell at 
Orleans in 1429. In proof of which latter assertion, there is a charter in 1406, above Reg. Mag. sig. Hot. 
quoted, in which he is styled her son. As Janet survived her husband, it indisputably 
follows that the William Stuart, (supposed ancestor of Castlemilk,) who also fell at Or- 
leans, and is acknowledged on all hands to have been his younger brother, must like- 
wise have been her offspring. But the William, the undoubted ancestor of Castle- FueJera.tom. 8,tul. 58. 
milk, is proved, by a deed in Rymer's Foedera, to have been a knight, and appointed 
one of the umpires, on the part of Scotland, for the preservation of the peace of the 
Western Marches, as earlyas 1398. Andrew Stuart expressly claims this person as their 
ancestor; while the William, the son of Darnley, owing to the circumstance of his Gen. Hist. p. 334. 
being a younger son, and the late diite of his father's and mother's marriage, subsequent 
to 1381, (as directly follows from the charter,) could only have been a child or strip- 
ling at a period when he is thus figured in the grave character of a responsible gua- 
rantee for the peace of two rival nations, and as having attained the highest of the 
degrees of chivalry, when it was the hard-earned reward of arduous and protracted 
services. Neither can it be instructed that William of Darnley was designed, or pro- 
prietor, of Castlemilk. 

" But what is again conclusive, is the fact of Sir John Stewart of Darnley, though Reg- Mag. Sig. Rot. 
early bred in arms, not even having been a squire or knight in 1406; and the still 
more irresistible one, as appears from the authorities of Andrew Stuart himself of his 
brother William, the imaginary progenitor of Castlemilk, having only been a squire* Gen. Hist - P- '20, &c. 
as late as 1421. William the squire, then, in 1421, could not possibly have been 
Sir William of Castlemilk the knight, in 1398, who was much his senior, nay, indeed, 
might have been his father ; and in this manner the identity is disproved. Other proof 
to the same effect might also be adduced, but this, it is hoped, will suffice ; and hence, 
on such grounds, the claim of the family of Castlemilk to a Darnley descent cannot 
be maintained. Though unfortunately unsuccessful in his main attempt, upon which 
he had expended the labour and ingenuity of many years, the work of Andrew Stuart 
must ever be highly prized by antiquarians for the original information, and acute 
remarks upon other subjects, with which it abounds ; nor will his exposure of the in- 
judicious attacks of opponents be less entitled to our admiration. 

" The above remarks may perhaps not be regarded irrelevant, relating, as they do, 
to Janet Keith of Galston, — the common ancestrix of the noble family of Hamilton, 
and their cousins the Stuarts of Darnley, from whom James the First of Great Bri- 
tain, and the subsequent monarchs of the house of Stuart, were lineally descended." 

* It is really surprising that tliis should have escaped the observation of one so acute as Andrew Stuart William 
is only then styled " E^uyer" and never " Chevalier." 




sir john Sir John, when returning from France in the year 1398, along with 


lord of cadvow. Sir John Hamilton of Fingaltoun, and some other Scottish gentlemen, 
" was captured at sea by the English. Prompt notice of this breach of pub- 
lic faith having been taken by the Scottish government, and complaints at 
the same time having been made, by Sir John's attorney, in the English 
courts, King Richard the Second issued an order for them to be set at 
liberty, the ship and cargo restored, and the damages made good. The 

Fucdera Anglic, tom. order is dated 28th October 1398. 

He was one of the Scottish commissioners appointed the following year 
for receiving the oath of King Richard for the fulfilment of the truce with 
Scotland. He was, some time after this, present witli the Duke of Albany 
on the borders, when he, and the Duke of Lancaster on the part of Eng- 
land, prolonged the truce between the two countries. 

ci.arta penes Ducem He was superior of the lands of Balderston in Linlithgowshire ; for he 
granted a charter and sasine of these lands to Adam Forrester of Corstor- 
phine, on the payment of a silver penny, — dated 3d March 1395.* 

Reg. Mag. sigiin. Dominus Johannes de Hamylton de Cadyow, Willielmus de Hamilton 

et Andreas de Hamilton, are witnesses to a charter of Andrew de Moravia 
to Janet de Kirchalche, of her liferent of the lands of Tuchadam in Stir- 
lingshire ; dated " apud Manuell," 14th May 1392. 

RotK-rtson's index, He granted to Sir John Hamilton of Fingaltoun " ane annual pension, 
furth of the barony of Machane," of 29 marks sterling, circa 1395. 

* This charter is witnessed by John de Hamilton, " Dominus de Fyngaltoun, avun- 
culus n'r carissimus, miles," and by John de Hamylton, " frater n'r carissimus." 


He married Janet, or, as some term her, Jacoba, daughter of Sir James sir john 

»t% u • i i - i .,ii ii , HAMILTON, 

Douglas or Dalkeith, by whom he had three sons and one daughter. lord of cadyow. 

I. Sir James, his successor. Charta penes Comitem 

II. David, ancestor of the Hamiltons of Dalserf, Blackburn Green, &c. de Morton ' 

III. Thomas of Darngaber, common ancestor of the Hamiltons of Rap- 
loch, Milburne, Stanehouse, Neilsland, Torrance, Aikenhead, Dechmont, 
Barnes, Peddersburne, Coirsland, Machlinghoill, &c. and the Earls of 
Clanbrassil, and other families of note, in Ireland. 

Thomas de Hamilton of Darngaber was ordered to be released out of Fcedera An g ii«. 
the Tower of London, having been for some time a prisoner of war. The 
order is dated 12th April 1413, immediately after the accession of King 
Henry the Fifth. 

1. Daughter, Catherine, married to Sir William Baillie of Lamington. 
Her brother Sir James granted a charter of the lands of Hyndshaw, Wats- NUbefs Heraldry, ii. 
toun, &c. wherein he designs him " carissimo consanguineo nostro." 

Sir John was succeeded by his eldest son. 




sir james Sir James had from Robert the Third a charter, dated 28th July 1397i 

lord of cadyow. " dilecto consanguineo nostro, Jacobo de Hamilton, filio et haeredi Johan- 
„. , .„ nis de Hamilton de Cadyow, militis, terras baroniae de Kinel, cum perti- 

Cnarta penes JJucem J ' ' l 

de Hamilton. nentiis, quaa fuerunt dicti Johannis, et quod apud Dunbretane resig- 

navit j" — " reserving to the said John, and to our beloved cousin David 
Fleming, all the contracts and agreements entered into concerning the 
marriage of the said James, granted to the said David, and of the tuition 
and custody of him and his lands till he arrives at legitimate age, which 
indentures we have confirmed under our great seal." 

Feed. Anglian, tom. ix. He and his brother David obtained liberty from King Henry the Fourth 
to travel into England, as far as the Castle of Calthorpe in Lincolnshire. 
The letters of safe conduct are dated 6th September 1413. 

James de Hamilton, Dominus de Cadyow, was a hostage for James the 
First, when he was allowed to return to his dominions, in 1421 ; and when 
that monarch, after a long and unjust detention by the English court, at 
last negotiated his release from captivity, he became bound to furnish hos- 
tages until such time as his ransom was paid. On this occasion Sir James 
was one of those who repaired to London as sureties for their sovereign. 

ibid. tom. x. foi.342. He arrived there in March 1424 ; and we find him still a prisoner the fol- 
lowing year, for letters of safe conduct were granted for servants to repair 
to him. 

Douglas's Peerage, He married Janet, eldest daughter of Sir Alexander Levingston of Cal- 

lender, ancestor of the Earls of Linlithgow, as appears from a charter by 
Alexander de Levingstoun, Dominus de Kalender, dated 20th October 
1422, granting " Jacobo de Hamylton, Domino de Cadoch, et Janetae de 
Levenstoun, filiae meaa, sponsae dicti Jacobi, et eorum diutius viventi, om- 


nes terras meas de Schawys in baronia de Machane, infra vicecom. de sirjames 
Lanerk, in liberum maritagium," &c. They had issue — loud of cadtow. 

I. Sir James, his successor, afterwards Lord Hamilton. 

II. Alexander, ancestor of the Hamiltons of Silvertonhill and Westport, 
mentioned in a charter to be afterwards quoted. 

III. John, who had a charter dated 14th June 1449, " to John Hamil- Reg. Mag. si g . Rot. 
ton of Whistleberry, brother of James, Lord Hamilton, of the lands of ' 
Whitehope and Kirkhope, in the lordship of Crawfurd-Lindsay, in ex- 
change for the lands of Wester Brithy, in the barony of Feme in Forfar- 
shire," and was dead before 1455, when his son William is next in substi- 
tution to Alexander his uncle, in a charter to James, Lord Hamilton. 

IV. Gavin, Provost of the Collegiate Church of Bothwell, ancestor of 
the Hamiltons of Orbistoun, from whom are the Hamiltons of Dalziel, 
Haggs, Monkland, Kilbrachmont, Parkhead, Longharmiston, Barr, &c. 

V. Robert, who is mentioned in his brother John's charter, above quoted, 
of the lands of Whitehope, &c. He is therein designed " younger brother 
of John." 






Reg. Mag. Sig. Rot. 
53, 50. 

July 3, 1-W5. 
Hailes's Annals, 
rol. iii. fol. 378. 

Pinkerton's History, 
i. 395. 

Acts of Parliament, 
published by the com- 
mand of his Majesty, 
vol. ii. p. 59. 

He had a charter, dated 18th April 1426, " to James de Hamilton, son 
and heir-apparent of James de Hamilton, Dominus de Hamilton, of the 
lands of Dalserf, in the barony of Machane, which had escheated to the 
crown, on account of the said James de Hamilton de Cadyow having con- 
veyed these lands to his brother David de Hamilton, by a charter under 
his seal, and made him be personally infeft in the same, without the con- 
sent of the King, or the Governor, in absence of the King at the time." 

He was created a Lord of Parliament by royal charter, granting " to 
James, Lord of HamUton, the lands and baronies of Cadyow and Machane, 
the superiority of the lands of Hamilton Farm and the lands of Crossbas- 
ket, in the sheriffdom of Lanark j the barony of Kinniel, in the sheriffdom 
of Linlithgow, resigned by him into our hands ; all which we create into 
one free lordship, to be denominated in future the Lordship of Hamilton. 
And the manor-house of the said James, now called the Orchard, situated 
in the barony of Cadyow, shall in future be the principal messuage of the 
Lordship, and shall be styled Hamilton. And we create and nominate 
the said James a hereditary Lord of our Parliament, the said James and 
his heirs performing to us, our heirs and successors, Kings of Scotland, 
the services due and wont."* This charter was not only granted by the 
King, but had also the solemn consent and approbation of Parliament. 

He was one of the commissioners, with the Bishop of Dnnkeld, the 
Abbot of Melrose, and Sir Alexander Livingston, Justiciar of Scotland, 
appointed, in 1449, to meet on the Borders and renew the truce with 

It being the prevailing fashion, about this period, amongst the great 
landed proprietors, for forming collegiate establishments, Lord Hamilton 
applied to Pope Sextus V. for authority to erect the parish church of Ha- 
milton, (formerly called Cadyow,) into a collegiate church, and to add to 

* This charter, in the original, is inserted at full length in the Appendix. 


it a provost and six prebendaries to a former foundation of two chap- james, lord 

i • • • i -iiT , • i i t. ,-i i i HAMILTON. 

lainnes in the said church, which the rope accordingly granted ; and 

Lord Hamilton thereupon built a new church in the Gothic style, with a 
choir, two cross aisles, and a steeple, all of polished stone, and highly 
ornamented. In this new church there was an altar, and a chaplainry 
dedicated to the most blessed Virgin Mary.* 

Having always been on terms of the most intimate friendship and alli- 
ance with William Earl of Douglas, he continued attached to the interests 
of that nobleman when he commenced his disputes with King James the 

In the year 1450, the Earl of Douglas, observing his interest gone at 
court, resigned his situation of Lieutenant of the Borders, and all his other 
employments, and retired in discontent to his estates. He had not long 
remained there, when, tired of inaction, he formed the design of making 
a tour to Rome, and of displaying, in foreign countries, his wealth and his 
power. His equipage and retinue, on this occasion, were magnificent in 
the extreme. Besides his vassals and immediate attendants, he was ac- 
companied, of his friends, by the Lords Hamilton, Gray, Saltoun, Seton, 
Oliphant, and Forbes, and by Calder, Urquhart, Campbell, Frazer, and 
Lauder, knights. 

After visiting Paris, where he and his friends were received by Louis 
the Seventh with honours little short of royal, they passed on to Rome, 
and arrived there about the time of the jubilee, and were welcomed by 
the Pope with every mark of distinction. 

In the meantime the enemies of the Earl at home were not idle. Seve- 
ral acts of Parliament were procured against him ; the most severe pro- 
ceedings were instituted against his kinsmen and vassals, and these, taking 
it upon them to defend his estates, caused them to be confiscated. 

When the account of these transactions reached Rome, it immediately 

* " In this church, which also served as the parish church, the arms of the family- 
were finely sculptured, likewise those of some of its branches ; and at different times 
afterwards there were emblazoned, on various parts of the church, the Hamilton arms 
impaled with those of the noble families with whom they were connected by mar- 
riage. All these remained entire when Hamilton of Wishaw wrote his account 
of Lanarkshire in 1702. A new church having been built in 1732, the old Gothic 
fabric was thereupon pulled down, with the exception of one of the aisles, which now 
covers the burying vault of the Hamilton family." — Caled. iii. 652. 



james, lord determined the Earl to proceed homewards. On his arrival in England, 
. he sent his brother James to the Scottish King, to ascertain how that mo- 

narch now stood affected towards him and his friends. At this period 
King James was willingly disposed to forget all that had passed, and he 
agreed to receive the Earl into favour, provided he engaged to keep his 
lands and estates free from robbers and border thieves, and used every 
exertion in bringing these malefactors to justice. Douglas acceding to 
these conditions, the King, on his arrival in Scotland, nominated him to 
his former office of Lieutenant of the Borders, and gave orders to deliver 
up to him all his castles, houses, and lands, 
1451. Regardless, however, of these attentions on the part of King James, he 

went the following summer, without his consent, to England, and con- 
ferred with the English King on their mutual affairs and interests, — hostile, 
no doubt, to the Scottish King and kingdom. This, it must be confessed, 
after the leniency already shown, was a most unpardonable offence ; yet, 
""""notwithstanding, we find that, at the solicitation of the Queen and some 
of the nobility, James again forgave him, and, towards the latter end of 
the year, even granted him a passport to proceed on a pilgrimage to St 
Thomas at Canterbury. In this passport Lord Hamilton is mentioned as 
one of those who were to accompany him. 

On his return from this pilgrimage, the King, at the suggestion, it is 
said, of Chancellor Crichton, summoned him to court ; which mandate he 
treated with the utmost contempt. And now, setting the laws and the 
King's authority at defiance, he was guilty of some enormities, which have 
stained his name with indelible disgrace. The waylaying and attempting 
to murder the Chancellor, who escaped only through the intrepidity of his 
son, — the slaughter of John Herries, a respectable landholder in Dumfries- 
shire, — and, above all, the cruel and wanton execution of Maolellan, the 
Tutor of Bombie, under cover of a hasty and illegal trial, are actions ever 
to be execrated. 

He had, previously to this, formed a confederacy with the Earls of Mur- 
ray, Crawford, and Ross. It now received strength by the accession of 
the Lords Hamilton and Balveny, and other barons and gentlemen. They 
entered into a new solemn bond and oath, the tenor of which was, " that 
they were never to desert one another during life ; that injuries done to 
any one of them should be considered as done to all, and be a common 
quarrel ; neither should they desist, to the utmost of their abilities, from 


revenging them ; that they should concur and join force indifferently james lord 

against whatsoever persons, within or without the realm ; and spend their - — 

lives, goods, and fortunes, in defence of their debates and differences 

These were the public and ostensible grounds of their association ; but 
there is reason to believe that, besides their principal views, in which all 
historians are agreed, viz. that of restoring the feudal superiorities and 
power, and of procuring the repeal of all the late institutions favourable 
to civil polity, their leader, the Earl of Douglas, aimed at the erection 
of a distinct and separate independent power, if he had not an eye to the 
crown itself. He might rest his pretensions to the latter on the same 
absurd claim which had been already preferred by one of his family, and 
he might indulge in the hope that, aided by some of the first noblemen in 
the kingdom, and having the sole and absolute command of his numerous 
retainers and vassals, of whom, we are told, he could bring nearly forty 
thousand into the field, the project was neither chimerical nor difficult. 

He was, however, most notoriously overreached by the King's ministers ; 
for when, by their advice, James had invited him to a conference in Stir- id- 

ling Castle, (his usual residence,) Douglas readily agreed to attend, pro- 
vided a safe conduct was granted to himself and friends. This document 
was immediately forwarded to him, sealed with the royal signet, and gua- 
ranteed by the signatures of several of the nobility ; on the receipt of 
which he set out for Stirling, attended by his usual numerous retinue, 
and arrived there on Shrove Tuesday. Whilst his friends and followers 
took up their residence in the town, he himself, accompanied by Lord 
Hamilton, proceeded towards the Castle. 

On arriving at the gate, the Earl was readily admitted ; but, when Lord 
Hamilton proceeded to enter after him, he was rudely thrust back by the 
porter, and, drawing his sword to revenge the insult, his relation, Sir 
Alexander Livingston, who was standing within the gate, little regarding 
this, held him back with a long halbert until such time as they got the 
gate made fast. Whereupon he returned to the town, highly enraged at 
the indignity he had suffered ; but afterwards, when he heard of the 
bloody tragedy that had been acted in the castle, he knew it was done 
for his safety. 

Meanwhile, the Earl of Douglas was received by the King with every 
mark of friendship and respect, and invited to supper in the Castle. When 


james, lord this repast was finished, on purpose that they might confer more privately 

together, James led him aside to a remote chamber. He then told the Earl 

that, as he was now come of age, he was resolved to take the reins of 
government into his own hands ; and having heard that he (the Earl) had 
entered into a mutual bond and confederacy with several of the nobility, 
he required him, as the chief and original contriver thereof, to set an ex- 
ample to the others, and dissolve the same. 

Douglas replied, that this could not be done until he had consulted 
with them ; and the King, continuing sharply to press the matter, the 
Earl retorted. An altercation and mutual reproaches ensued, until at last 
James, losing all temper, in a loud and angry voice cried out, " If you 
will not break it, I will !" and, at the same time, stabbed him in the breast 
with a dagger. This was the signal for armed men to rush in, one of 
whom, Sir Patrick Gray, uncle to Maclellan, Tutor of Bombie, struck 
Douglas on the head with a pole-axe, and felled him to the ground. We 
are told by Hume of Godscroft, the historian of the Douglasses, that each 
of those who were present, to show their affection for the King, gave the 
fallen Earl a stroke, some of them even after he was dead. 

A friend in the Castle, privily conveying a pair of spurs to Lord Hamil- 
ton, gave the. first intimation to Douglas's friends in the town of the sad 
catastrophe that had taken place. Amazed and confounded, the Earl's 
brother and the other chiefs of the party suddenly assembling, in the first 
transports of their rage proposed storming the Castle, and punishing on 
the spot the perfidious authors of this cruel murder ; but, after a little re- 
14.52. flection, discovering that they wanted materials and sufficient force for 

this purpose, they broke up for the night, and each man retired to his 
residence. On the morrow they again met, and, after acknowledging the 
Earl's brother, Sir James Douglas, (who had been bred a churchman,) as 
lawful heir and successor to all his estates and dignities, they proceeded 
to the market-cross, and, by the voice of the town-crier, proclaimed the 
King, and his aiders and abettors in the deed, to be perjured traitors and 
enemies of all good men, &c. They then left the town and departed to 
their own estates, having previously agreed to meet again, with all their 
forces, about the beginning of April. 

On the 25th of March, having again assembled, they returned to Stir- 
ling, dragging after them, through all the towns and villages in their way 
thither, the King's safe conduct, made fast to a wooden truncheon, and 


tied to the tail of an old ill-favoured jade. At the market-cross they again, james, lord 
by the voice of a herald, and with the sound, (as we are told,) of five hun- HA 
dred horns, proclaimed the King, and all who adhered to him, false and 
perjured traitors, &c. After which, bidding defiance to the Castle, they 
plundered and set fire to the town. 

They now proceeded to destroy the estates of the royalists with unre- 
lenting vengeance ; and Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith, being particularly 
obnoxious on account of his adhering (though a Douglas,) to the King, they 
invested his castle of Dalkeith ; which was, however, so bravely defended 
by the keeper, Patrick Cockbume, that they were obliged to raise the 
siege and retire, having previously wasted his lands. By the strength and 
number of their forces, they kept possession of the whole open country 
south of the Forth, and, by laying the royalists and the royal estates 
under contribution, and intercepting all the passes leading to Stirling, 
they placed James in such a situation, that, in a fit of despair, he had ac- 
tually formed the design of abandoning his kingdom and retiring to France. 
But from this desperate measure he was dissuaded by Bishop Kennedy, 
who recommended him to wait in hopes of better times. 

The battle of Brechin, fought between the Earl of Huntly and the Earl 
of Crawford, in which the former was victorious, proved extremely bene- 
ficial to the royal cause ; for many who had stood neuter, or were waver- 
ing, or had been forced, contrary to their inclinations, to join the con- 
federates, now declared for the King. The Earl of Crawford, not long 
after this defeat, making intercession with the King, was pardoned and 
again received into favour, and his submission was followed by that of 
the Earl of Douglas, at the commencement of the following year. 

The reconciliation on both sides was neither very cordial nor very sin- 1453. 

cere ; their mutual injuries were of too deep a nature, and too recent, to 
be easily forgiven. Both parties, notwithstanding their apparent friend- 
ship and cordiality, were secretly preparing means to thwart and overcome 
each other, and the flames of contention, for a short time smothered, soon 
burst out again with redoubled fury. Owing to some fresh rebellious 
practices of the Earl of Douglas, the King, now determined to act with 
vigour, summoned him to a Parliament, to be held at Edinburgh on the 
17th November; and, on his refusing to obey this mandate, he was, for his 
contumacy, forfalted and condemned to death, and all his lands, goods, 
and possessions, were confiscated. 



james, lord The following year King James led an army into Galloway, which 
= readily submitted to his arms, but, entering Douglasdale, and meeting 
with resistance from the Earl's vassals and tenants, he gave orders to lay 
the whole country waste. Lord Hamilton's lands in Avondale and Clydes- 
dale underwent the same fate.* On the other hand, the Earl of Douglas 
was not idle. He was now straining every nerve to make a formidable 
opposition, and continually occupied himself in mustering and arming his 
retainers and vassals, whilst his friend Lord Hamilton went to England to 
solicit from King Henry the Sixth assistance in men and money. That 
monarch offered to assist the Earl liberally with both, provided he re- 
nounced his allegiance to the King of Scots and swore fealty to England ; 
but, upon the Earl refusing to accede to these terms, Henry declined in- 
teresting himself in his affairs. Lord Hamilton, however, obtained for 
himself a considerable sum of money, with which, on his return, he equip- 
ped a body of 300 horse and 300 foot. 

King James, having erected his standard at St Andrew's, issued a pro- 
clamation, ordering the fencible men of all the shires north of the Forth 
to meet him at Stirling on a certain day ; which summons, through the 
interest and activity of his friends, was promptly complied with, and they 
met him at the appointed place to the number of thirty thousand men. 

These vigorous proceedings, together with a proclamation, offering par- 
don and protection to all who left the confederates and returned to their 
duty, roused the Earl of Douglas, who forthwith summoned all his friends, 
vassals, and followers, to meet him at Douglas, with fifteen days' provi- 
sions, to march to the relief of Abercorn Castle, then besieged by a part 
of the royal army under the command of the Earls of Orkney and Angus. 

* " In 1454, on the 25th and 26th November, ther was ane right gret speit in 
Clyde, the quhilke brocht doun hale houssis, bernis, and millis, and put all the toun 
of Gorane* in ane flote, quhill thai sat on the houssis. — In March 1455, James the 
Second cast doun the Castel of Inveravyne, and syne incontinent past till Glasgow, 
and gaderit the westland men, with part of the Areschery (Irishery,) and passit to 
Lanark and to Douglas, and syne brynt all Douglasdaile and all Evendale, and all the 
Lord Hammiltounis landis, and heriit them clerlye." — Gray's Chronicle, 53-4. 

* This may apply either to Garion, near Dalserf, or the village of Govane, near Glasgow, both of which are places 
situated on low ground near the Clyde. " The Castel of Inveravyne" appears to have been Kinneil, situated not far 
from where the river Avon falls into the Forth. 


The Earl of Douglas, having mustered his forces, which amounted, as james, lord 

,,, , f .-. i/>i j i, HAMILTON. 

we are told by contemporary historians, to nearly forty thousand men, led 

them towards the banks of the Carron, and encamped near to where the 
Temple of Terminus stood, about three miles from the Torwood. The 
King, at the same time, advanced from Stirling, with an army resolute 
and zealous in his cause, and fully prepared for action. 

At this crisis, Bishop Kennedy, who had always continued a firm adhe- 
rent and faithful counsellor of King James, privately sent a message, by a 
confidential servant, to Lord Hamilton, offering, in the King's name, a 
free pardon for all that was past, and great rewards in future, provided he 
deserted the Earl of Douglas and submitted to the government. These 
offers were staggering enough, and, after what had passed, were more 
than he could expect. Being determined, however, to act honourably 
towards the Earl, he repaired to that nobleman, as his troops were draw- 
ing out from the camp, and represented to him, that as he never would 
probably again be at the head of a more numerous and well-appointed 
force, so he never could have a better opportunity of fighting the King to 
advantage ; and added, that he would find it extremely difficult to keep 
his troops longer together. The Earl, in a haughty and impatient tone, 
replied, " That if he (Lord Hamilton) was tired or afraid, he might be- 

While they were thus discoursing together, a herald from the King, ad- 
vancing towards the front of the confederate army, charged every man to 
disperse and repair to his own home, under the pains of high treason. 
Notwithstanding the herald's voice was drowned by the clamour of his 
horns and trumpets, the Earl perceived, in the dejected and embarrassed 
countenances of his men, that they too well understood the purport of the 
royal message ; and the King's army, advancing at the same time with 
trumpets sounding and banners displayed, so disconcerted him that he 
gave orders to sound a retreat and retired with his troops to the camp. 

The events of this day discovered to Lord Hamilton the tottering and 
unstable situation of the Earl of Douglas. He saw that the bulk of his 
army disliked the cause in which they were engaged, and that even the 
Earl himself was of opinion matters had been carried too far. He fore- 
saw also that his continuing any longer obstinately attached to a cause 
which could not maintain itself, would only end in his own ruin, and he 
therefore resolved to avail himself of the liberal offers of the King. The 


james, lord same night, calling his kinsmen and followers quietly together, he carried 

HAMILTON. , , , , ■ i i i tt- • n 

them over to the royal camp, and was received by the King with open 

arms, but, for the sake of appearances, was sent to Roslin Castle for a few 
days. His example had been most quickly followed, for, on the succeed- 
ing morning, of all the mighty host which he had commanded but the day 
before, there remained to the Earl Douglas but two hundred horse, (chiefly 
his own relations and immediate dependants,) with whom he hastily retired 
to the borders. 
1455. The following year, collecting a force of such of his vassals as still ad- 

hered to him, outlaws and border thieves, he once more renewed his 
depredations on the estates of the royalists ; but, being overtaken at An- 
crum Muir, in Teviotdale, by a body of troops under the Earl of Angus 
and Lord Hamilton, he was routed with great loss, and driven out of the 
kingdom. One of his brothers, the Earl of Murray, was among the slain ; 
the other two, the Earl of Ormond, (who behaved so gallantly at the 
battle of Sark,) and the Lord Balveny, having been made prisoners, were 
carried to Edinburgh and brought to trial, when, being found guilty, they 
were executed. 
Carta penes Ducem de Lord Hamilton had a charter of precept and sasine, dated at Trief,* 
(Thrieve Castle in Galloway,) 1st November 1452, from James, Earl of 
Douglas and Lord of Galloway, of the barony of Drumsargard, of which 
he had a charter from the said Earl, dated at Peebles, 9th February 

Malise, Earl of Menteth and Lord of Kynpunt, granted, " Jacobo, Do- 
mino de Hamilton, militi," and to his heirs-male by his wife Euphame, sis- 
ter of the said Malise, a charter of the lands of Elastone, in the lordship 
of Kynpunt and constabulary of Linlithgow. 

Lord Hamilton had a charter from James the Second, dated 1st July 
1455, of the office of sheriff of the county of Lanark; and two other char- 
ters, of the same date, were granted to him and Euphemia, Countess of 
Douglas, his wife, the one of the barony of Drumsargard, and the other 

* Thrieve Castle was built by Archibald Douglas the Grim, Lord of Galloway, on 
the site of a more ancient fortlet, the residence of former Lords of Galloway. It stood 
on an island in the Dee, and, while the old Douglasses remained unforfeited, conti- 
nued to be the place of their pride and the centre of their power. In ancient records 
it was written Trefe and Treve, the British TVcjfsignifying a dwelling-place or home- 


of the baronies of Drumsargard and Carmunnock, in that county, forfeited james, lord 


by James Earl or Douglas. 

A charter was granted, 23d October 1455, " to James Lord Hamilton, Mag. si s . l. x. no.+. 
and Euphemia Countess of Douglas, his wife, and the longest liver of 
them, and the heirs-male of the body of the said James Lord Hamilton, 
legitimately procreated or to be procreated ; which failing, to Elizabeth, 
daughter of the said James and Euphemia, and the heirs-male of her body 
legitimately procreated or to be procreated, taking and bearing the capital 
arms and name of the said James Lord Hamilton ; which failing, to James 
de Hamilton, natural son of the said James Lord Hamilton, and the heirs- 
male of his body legitimately to be procreated ; which failing, to the 
natural sons of the said Lord Hamilton, and the heirs-male of their 
bodies, legitimately to be procreated, respectively and singly succeed- 
ing ; which failing, to Alexander de Hamilton, brother of the said James 
Lord Hamilton, and the heirs-male of his body ; which failing, to Wil- 
liam de Hamilton, son of the deceased John de Hamilton, brother of - 
the said James Lord Hamilton, and the heirs-male of his body legitimately 
to be procreated ; which failing, to the nearest heirs whatever of the said 
James Lord Hamilton, having the name of Hamilton, and receiving the 
capital arms of the said Lord Hamilton, — of the baronies of Drumsargard, 
Hamilton, and Machane, in the county of Lanark ; the barony of Kinniel 
in the county of Linlithgow ; the lands of Kirkunzeon and Corstraithane 
in the stewartry of Kircudbright, and of Cessford in Roxburghshire, — 
uniting and annexing the whole into the free barony of Hamilton." 

He held the lands of Draffan from the monks of Lesmahagow and Kelso; Caledonia, ii.. fi*2. 
and, in February 1456-7, he obtained from them the appointment of heri- 
table bailie over their barony of Lesmahagow. 

He had a grant of the lands of Fynnart in Renfrewshire, forfeited by 
the Earl of Douglas, from James the Second, dated 6lh August 1457. He 
had likewise charters of part of the lordship of Both well, 15th May 1473, Penes d. de Hamilton, 
to him " et hasredibus suis in tallia antiques cartas de Hamylton conten- 
ds ;" of half the barony of Crawfurdjohn, in Lanarkshire, 23d October 
1464, and of forty merks of land within the lordship of Bothwell, viz. the Mag. sig. l. vi. No. 3. 
lands of Easter Barmuckkis, 26th February 1471, in excambion for the L ' v "' No ' 133 ' 
lands of Kirkanders, in the stewartry of Kirkcudbright. He had also a 
charter, under the great seal, " Jacobo Domino de Hamylton, de terris 
infra mare lucrandis, versus terras de Kinnele et Burwardstoun." 



James, lord From his abilities and knowledge of public business, Lord Hamilton was 


much employed in affairs of state, and was sent on several embassies and 

Fredcra, ii. 476, 716, negotiations of importance. He was appointed, in 1455, one of the com- 
missioners, on the part of Scotland, to treat of peace, with the Lord Mon- 
tague and others, on the part of England : they met at York for that pur- 
pose. He was also employed again in 1461, 1471, 1472, and 1474, in 
which last year he was one of the ambassadors extraordinary to the court 
of England. 

James the Second, impressed with the value of the great service which 
he had so opportunely rendered at Carron in 1454, ever continued to treat 
bim and bis family with the greatest distinction. It has been already 
mentioned that he made him grants of lands in Lanarkshire and other 
counties. As a further proof of his esteem, and the great consideration 
in which he held him, he resolved, it is said, to give him his daughter the 
Princess Mary in marriage. If this was King James's intention, his un- 
timely death at Roxburgh Castle, in 1466, put a stop to the match ; for 
the Boyd family, coming to have the supreme direction of affairs at the 
court of the young monarch, James the Third, the Lord Boyd, having 
been appointed Regent of the kingdom, together with the charge of the 
King's person during his minority, to lay a sure foundation, as they 
thought, for the continuance of their power, they persuaded James, a fickle 
prince, and entirely under their management, to agree to a marriage be- 
twixt Thomas Boyd, the son of the Regent, and his sister the Princess 

This marriage proved one of the great causes of their downfal ; for, being 
now puffed up with an excess of pride and arrogance, they carried them- 
selves with an intolerable and haughty demeanour, thereby adding to the 
number of their enemies, who, envying their undue influence and overgrown 
power, sought every opportunity to accomplish their ruin ; and, not long- 
afterwards, when Thomas Boyd, (created by the King, his brother-in-law,) 
Earl of Arran, was sent as ambassador to Denmark, to bring home the 
young Queen, they succeeded, during his absence, in effecting their pur- 

That young nobleman, on his return, finding his family forfeited by act 
of Parliament, his uncle beheaded, and his father (who had fled from the 
storm,) under sentence of banishment, left the kingdom, and, after wan- 
dering in several countries of Europe, at last sought refuge at the court of 


Charles of Burgundy, by whom he was honourably received. He served james, lord 

, • ™- n .,,.„., ■ • , -r, iTi a HAMILTON. 

this Prince faithfully in Ins wars against the Emperor, and died at Ant- 

werp, anno 1471 ; and Charles, as a testimony of great respect, erected Belkn<le,, ' s Boethiu.. 
a noble monument to his memorv. 

Lord Hamilton was one of the commissioners, anno 147G, appointed to 
meet the plenipotentiaries of England to prolong the truce, and to nego- 
tiate a marriage betwixt Cecily, the daughter of Edward the Fourth, and 
the Duke of Rothesay, Prince of Scotland, both of whom were then in 
their childhood, — a union that never took place. 

He was a benefactor to the University of Glasgow, as appears by his stat. acc. oftheUni- 

n ■ ». ■ n 1 , . 1 t r> • •* r • versity of Glasgow, 14. 

charter of mortification, dated oth January 1459-00, granting " Magistro Crawford's Peerage, 

1 WQ 

Duncano Bunch," Regent of the University, and his successors, Regents, 
for the use of the said college, a tenement, with the pertinents, lying on the 
north side of the church and convent of the Predicant or Dominican friars, 
together with four acres of land in the Dowhill. In this deed the masters 
and students are required, daily after dinner and supper, to stand up and 
pray for the souls of his lordship and Euphemia his spouse, of his ances- 
tors and successors, and of all from whom he has received any benefit, for 
which he has not made a proper return. 

Lord Hamilton's name appears frequently in the " Acta Domiuorum 
Concilii," as one of these judges, during the years 147S and 1479. 

He married, first, Lady Euphemia Graham,* eldest daughter of Patrick 
Earl of Strathearn, and widow of Archibald, fifth Earl of Douglas, and 
second Duke of Touraine ; by whom he had issue — 

I. Elizabeth, married to David, fourth Earl of Crawford, created, by 
James the Third, Duke of Montrose for life. Their only son John was 
killed bravely fighting at Flodden. 

II. Agnes, married to Sir James Hamilton of Preston, and had issue.t Cartui. Meiros. a P ud 

__ Mus. Britan. with 

~~ Wishaw and Craw- 

* Her mother, Lady Euphemia Stewart, Comitissa Palatina de Strathearn, Countess furdsMSS - 
of Strathearn in her own right, was the daughter and sole heiress of Prince David, 
Earl of Strathearn, eldest son of King Robert the Second, by his Queen Euphemia 
Ross. The Couutess of Strathearn was thus grand-child to Robert the Second. On 
her manying Sir Patrick Graham, second son of Sir Patrick Graham, Dominus 
de Kincardine et Dundaff, he assumed, in right of his wife, as was the custom of the 
time, the title and dignity of Earl of Strathearn. His elder brother William, Domi- 
nus Graham, was the ancestor of the present Ducal family of Montrose. 

f This Agnes was, however, probably the daughter of the first Sir James, father of 
James, first Lord Hamilton. (See Part Second.) /»# •?-#-£ 


.tames, lord Lord Hamilton married, secondly, in 1474, the Princess Mary, eldest 


■ daughter of James the Second, King of Scotland, and widow of Thomas 

Boyd, Earl of Arran. To Lord Hamilton she had issue — 
I. James, second Lord Hamilton. 

1. Elizabeth, married to Matthew, second Earl of Lennox. 
Mag. sig. l. vii. A charter was granted on the 2d, and another on the 12th July 1474, 

No. 253, 320. „ . , ° „. . , _ , , „ , ,. 

of the baronies of Kinmel, Drumsargard, and Carmunnock, on his own 
resignation, uniting and annexing them to the barony of Hamilton, to 
James Lord Hamilton and Mary Stewart his wife, sister to the King, in 
conjunct fee and liferent, and the heirs-male to be procreated betwixt 
them ; which failing, to the heirs-male of the body of the said James ; 
which failing, to the heirs in the entail, formerly made to the said James. 
His spouse survived him, and had two charters in her widowhood, under 
ibid. the great seal, " Maria? Domina? de Hamilton, de libero tenemento baro- 

niae de Felyng, terrarum de Cavertoun, Naristoun, Polgavy," &c. ; also 
of the barony of Kilmarnock, — both dated on the 14th October 1482. 

ibid. l. x. No. 34, 35. She had charters of the same date to Mary Lady Hamilton, of the life- 
rent of all the lands and baronies which belonged to Robert, late Lord 
Boyd, and the deceased Thomas, Earl of Arran, his son.* 

James, Lord Hamilton, died anno 1479, as appears from the chartulary 
of Glasgow, wherein it says, " Obitus Jacobi Domini de Hamiltoun, sexto 
die Novembris, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo septuagesimo 

xisbet's Heraldry, nono." He had a daughter, who was married to Sir John Macfarlane, 

Douglas's Baronage, chief of the clan Macfarlane, to whom she had issue. Sir John was killed, 

p " " fighting bravely at the battle of Flodden, in 1513. 

He had several natural sons; but of these only are known James de Ha- 
milton, mentioned in the succession-charter 1455, Patrick Hamilton of 
Kincavel, and John Hamilton of Broomhill. 

* James Lord Boyd, son of Thomas Earl of Arran and the Princess Mary, was 
killed, in 1487, at a place called the Wylielee in Ayrshire, in an encounter with the 
Earl of Eglintoun, with whom he had a feud. Robert Crawford of Auchencairn, 
eldest son of Archibald Crawford of Crawfordland, who was with Lord Boyd when 
he was attacked, defended him with all his might, and afterwards died of the wounds 
he received on this occasion. Lord Boyd had an only sister, named Graecina, who 
was twice married, first to Lord Forbes, and, secondly, to David, third Lord Ken- 
nedy, who, by her means, was created Earl of Cassillis, and who was slain at Flodden. 
She had no issue to either of these noblemen. After the Earl of Cassillis's death, she 
never married again, but lived chiefly with her kinsmen the Hamiltons. 




At the period of his father's death he was very young, and yet at the james, 

, , , , , , , . , . , , T . EARL OF ARRAN. 

schools, when those unhappy contests commenced betwixt his uncle, King ________; . 

James the Third, and a faction of the nobility, which terminated in the 
barbarous murder of that unfortunate monarch at Bannockburn, anno 1488. 

As Lord Hamilton grew up to manhood, he discovered the most emi- 
nent and princely qualities, excelling in all the knowledge and accomplish- 
ments of the age, and chiefly in martial exercises, — a branch of education 
so well suited to the genius of the nation. 

Called to the court of his cousin James the Fourth, he acquired the 
esteem and intimate friendship of that young monarch, who kept him 
much about his person, and made him one of his privy councillors. He 
was sent, in 1503, along with some other noblemen, to the English court, Crawford's Peerage, 


to negotiate a marriage betwixt the Princess Margaret, eldest daughter of 
Henry the Seventh, and his royal relative, which was happily concluded 
the following year. 

On this occasion King James, as a mark of his great regard for Lord 
Hamilton, and as a recompense (as the deed expresses,) for his many Ma g . si g . l. xiii. 
valuable and faithful services, made him a grant, and gave a charter, of 
the island of Arran, and at the same time created him Earl thereof, by 
letters patent, dated 11th August 1503. He also gave him a charter, or 
commission of Justiciary, within the island, together with a gift of all the 
castles, fortalices, mills, fishings, patronages of churches, &c. dated the 
day following. 

In the month of June 1504, the Princess Margaret set out from Lon- 
don for Scotland, to be united to her future husband. Her father, after 
having escorted her as far as Collieweston in Northamptonshire, returned, 
whilst she proceeded towards the borders, accompanied by some of the 
most considerable of the nobility in the kingdom. At St Lambert's church 


james, in the Lammermuir, she was met by James in person, attended by a most 


: superb train of his nobles and officers of state, amongst whom Lord Ha- 
milton was conspicuous for the magnificence of his appearance and equi- 
page. The royal bride was then conducted to Edinburgh, where the 
marriage was solemnized with extraordinary splendour. We are told that, 
the Scots, on this occasion, by far outshone their guests in every article of 
luxury, — in the costliness and beauty of their apparel and equipage, and 
in the workmanship and massiveness of their chains of gold, at that period 
a great article of ornament. A late writer on Scottish history has ob- 
served, that this was the vertical period of Scotland's glory and prosperity. 
She declined from both ever after, while she continued to be an independ- 
ent kingdom.* 

Foreigners from France, Germany, and other countries, were guests at 
this illustrious marriage. The festivities continued for several days, and 
consisted chiefly of exhibitions of feats of arms, whilst the nights were spent 
in masquerades, dancing, and music. Amongst the foreigners of distinction 
whom the fame of the Scottish court, or the wish to exhibit his skill in 
arms, drew thither, was Anthony D'Arcy, a Frenchman, afterwards better 
known by the name of the Sieur de la Beaute, and famous over all Europe 
for his martial prowess. Lord Hamilton and this celebrated knight tilted 
together in presence of the whole court, and, after several trials, neither 
combatant could boast of any advantage over the other.t 

James the Fourth was the first of the Scottish kings who applied him- 
self assiduously to naval affairs. About this period, by encouraging the 
best workmen from all parts, by the large sums he laid out, and by fre- 
quently attending the operations in person, he began to form a navy ; and 

* " The scenes of splendor which ensued were worthy of the occasion, and of an 
age of chivalry. The gorgeous tournaments were invigorated by the valour, and 
graced by the beauty of both nations. James himself, emulous of novelty, appeared 
in the character of a savage knight, attended by highlanders and borderers, who in- 
terchanged real wounds, and disgusted the spectators with bloody pastimes ; but the 
King, as Buchanan remarks, had no reason to regret the wounds or the death of 
marauders, inimical to law and order." — Pinkerton, ii. p. 45. 

f " They justed several times before the court, without any certain victoric to 
either, only the Lord Hamilton, one day at Falkland, was judged to have the honour, 
which La Beaute did impute to his own indisposition of body that day." — Sir J. Bal- 
four's MS. Amials. 


we are told that he even wrought with his own hands in the construction jajies, 

of the St Michael, said to be the largest ship the world had hitherto seen.* ■'" . ' * ' 

By thus increasing his naval power, by the grandeur and magnificence of 

his court, by the style of splendour with which his ambassadors appeared 

in foreign countries, and by the liberal encouragement and protection 

which he gave to letters and learned men, he came to acquire considerable 

influence in the affairs of Europe ; nor was it long before the navy, which 

he had recently formed, was employed to exhibit his inclination and his 

ability to assist his friends. 

His kinsman John, King of Denmark, had been invited by the states of loot- 

Sweden to assume the government of their country, but the Administra- 
tor Sture, dissatisfied and indignant that a foreign monarch should have 
been called to govern his native country, took up arms, and was soon at 
the head of a considerable force ; and the Norwegians, at the same time 
revolting, placed John under such difficulties, that he was compelled to 
retreat to Denmark, and apply to the King of Scots for assistance. Some 
authors have said that John came over in person on this occasion ; but, 
be that as it may, the Scottish king soon collected, and embarked on board 
his fleet, a force of ten thousand men, the sole command of which he gave Crawford's Peerage, 

& 1 92. 

to the Earl of Arran. After a prosperous voyage, that nobleman landed 
his troops, and performed the service required with equal zeal and ability ; 
and historians are agreed that, but for this timely assistance, the King of 
Denmark must soon have sunk under the power and weight of his enemies. 
For the good conduct displayed in this expedition, the Earl, on his return 
to Scotland, met with the universal applause of his countrymen, and was 
received by King James with the greatest marks of distinction. 

In the year 1507, he was sent as ambassador to France along with the Pinkerton, n. 62. 
Archbishop of St Andrew's. On his return, in January the following 
year, accompanied by his brother Sir Patrick Hamilton, he was arrested 
in Kent by Vaughan, an officer of that jealous and haughty monarch 
Henry the Eighth. He was at first treated with distinction, but, on his 
refusal to take an oath of fidelity to Henry, he was committed to the cus- 

* " 1506. — This year the King built a great ship, and Andrew Barton is made 
captain of her, and sent against the Flemish pyrates that had spoyled many Scots 
merchants, against whom he so prevailed, that he not only made the coasts clear of 
them, but sent the King three barrelfulls of their heads." — Sir J. Balfour's MS. Annals. 


james, tody of a guard. The English monarch, at the same time, sent an envoy 

EARLOK ARRAN. . „ ,, , , . .. , . .„ ... . it.- , i 

. to Scotland to vindicate himself. King James ordered this ambassador to 
inform his master, on his return, that he was determined the Earl of Arran 
should not swear fealty to England, and that he highly approved the Earl's 
refusal and spirited conduct ; adding, that he set so high a value on this 
freedom of his kinsman, that he would delay the renewal of the league 
with France, provided he was released. In June following, the Bishop of 
Moray arrived at London again, to solicit the liberty of the Earl, but 
without effect ; and it appears that he was not released till towards the 
end of the year. During his residence in England, his brother Sir Patrick, 
(whom Andre of Thoulouse, in his Diary for the year 1508, styles a most 
famous knight,) vanquished, in single combat, an Irish gentleman of emi- 
nent skill in arms. 

The reputation the Earl of Arran had acquired in Denmark, procured 
him the command of a body of auxiliaries which was sent to the assistance 
Pinkcrton, ii. 90. of the French monarch Louis the Twelfth. King James was so intent on 
the success of this expedition, that he went on board of the admiral's ship, 
the St Michael, and accompanied the fleet until it was clear of the Isle of 
May, in the Mouth of the Frith of Forth. The Earl, pursuing his voyage, 
arrived safely in France, and disembarked his troops, whose coming proved 
so serviceable to the affairs of Louis, that, to express his great sense of 
this, he settled an annual pension on the Earl for life, besides making 
great gifts for the present. Having fulfilled his commission, and taken on 
board the Lord Fleming, the Lyon Herald at Arms, and the Sieur de la 
Beaute, the Earl set out on his return, directing his course by the western 
coast, but, meeting with unfavourable weather, which retarded his pro- 
gress, and his provisions at the same time running short, he was forced to 
put into the port of Carrickfergus for a supply. The inhabitants of that 
place, to whom he offered ready payment for every article required, with- 
out any provocation treated his men with the grossest insults, and finally 
drove them to their ships. Indignant at this barbarous reception, the 
Earl, without delay, landed a choice body of his sailors, assaulted and 
stormed the town, and gave it up to be plundered ; after which, pursuing 
his voyage, he arrived at Ayr on the 3d November. 
1513. During the Earl of Arran's absence on this expedition, events of the 

most important nature had occurred. James the Fourth, leading a gallant 
army into England, rashly engaged in battle at Flodden, and perished, 


together with the flower of his nobility. Hence ensued a minority, long james, 

and tempestuous beyond example. Through the rash and chivalrous spirit 

of her King, Scotland was to become a prey to all those evils which attend 
a minority, in a country where the aristocracy were so powerful, and of 
such opposite interests. From this period we may date the rise of those 
domestic factions, which, either favouring the French or the English in- 
terests, continued to distract the councils, and disturb the peace and pros- 
perity of Scotland, while she was a separate state. 

In the beginning of December a Parliament was held at Stirling, at 
which time the young Prince, an infant of a year and a half old, was 
crowned ; and the Queen, agreeably to the will of her late husband, was 
declared Regent of the kingdom, which office she resigned some time 
thereafter, having fixed her affections on and married the young Earl of 

Thereupon, an assembly of the nobility and States was held at Perth to 
elect a new Regent : the voices were much divided betwixt the Duke of Crawford's Peerage, 
Albany and the Earl of Arran. The latter, by his great influence, vast 
possessions, and the many eminent services he had rendered the state, had 
acquired a strong party in the kingdom, and a great many well-wishers in 
the assembly ; but the venerable Elphinston, Bishop of Aberdeen, at the 
termination of a very pathetic speech on the state of the country, having 
recommended the Duke of Albany, — who, as a stranger, would be more 
unshackled and disinterested in his government, and, consequently, much 
abler fitted for this high office ; and the Bishop having been warmly se- 
conded by the Earl of Home, one of the most powerful noblemen in the 
kingdom, and to whom the nomination of any subject must have been 
disagreeable, — drew after him a large majority, and Albany was elected. 

Sir Patrick Hamilton and the Lyon King at Arms were sent to France 
to notify this election to the Duke of Albany, and to request his presence 
in Scotland. After several pretexts were used to detain him, chiefly 
through the influence of Wolsey, the able minister of Henry the Eighth, 
the French king was at length obliged to consent to his departure, and he 
embarked for Scotland, accompanied by a respectable naval force, and 
landed at Ayr on the 17th May. J5i4. 

After suppressing and punishing numberless disorders and abuses, one 
of the first acts of Albany's government was to curb the overgrown power 
of several of the nobility, and chiefly of the Earl of Home, whose vast 


james, influence he considered too dangerous to the state for any subject to be pos- 

EARLOI' ARRAN. .. _ . . . , it \ ", i r> , ■ i 

" — ' ' sessed or. J3y his activity and address, he disconcerted and defeated the 
plans of that nobleman and his adherents, and obliged him to retire to his 
estates, from whence he was driven, by the Earls of Arran and Lennox, into 
England. Continuing to infest the borders with a band of outlaws and other 
desperadoes, the Regent required him to surrender, which refusing to do, 
he was denounced a rebel and traitor, and his possessions and estates were 
delivered up to confiscation. These severe measures did not deter him 
from renewing his incursions to a greater extent than ever, when the Re- 
gent, indignant that he should be thus braved, and his authority set at 
defiance by a subject, set out from Edinburgh in pursuit of him, at the 
head of a body of light horse, and advanced with such celerity, that he 
surprized him in the house to which he had fled for refuge, and made him 

1515. By committing him to the custody of the Earl of Arran, governor of 
the castle of Edinburgh, Albany did not show his usual policy ; for the 

Pinkerton, i>. 148. Earl, who disliked the Regent and his measures, was easily persuaded by 
Home to retire with him to the borders, where they commenced hostilities 
in the most active manner. Home and his brother were again proclaimed 
rebels, and the Earl of Arran was required to surrender himself within 
fifteen days, otherwise he would be proceeded against in the same man- 
ner. At the same time the Regent, at the head of a select body of troops, 
and a small train of artillery, proceeded to invest the castle of Cadyow, 
the Earl of Arran's principal strength, and required its immediate sur- 

Fortunately for the Earl, an advocate appeared, who was to plead pow- 
erfully in his favour. That venerable Princess, his mother, the daughter 
of James the Second, now resided in this fortress. Ordering the gates to 
be opened, she came out to meet the Regent, and, as she was his aunt by 
the father's side, and greatly respected by him, he could not resist her 
solicitations in favour of her son. Terms of accommodation were soon 
effected, by which the Earl was allowed to return and resume possession 
of his estates. 

1516. Henry the Eighth, to suit his political purposes, the following year re- 
solved, if possible, to displace the Duke of Albany, and advance the Earl 
of Arran to the Regency. He offered the most unlimited assistance to 
the Earl for that purpose, and, as the latter was still displeased and dis- 


satisfied with Albany, and probably considered himself as equally entitled jamks, 


to fill that high office, he associated with the Earls of Glencairn, Lennox, 

and the majority of the noblemen and gentlemen of the west, who had 
begun to consider some of Albany's measures as of too arbitrary a nature 
to be any longer endured. They met at Glasgow, to the number of 
12,000 men, and seized on the royal magazines there ; and, understand- 
ing that some French ships, with supplies of arms and ammunition for 
Albany, had arrived in the river Clyde, they sent a body of troops to take 
possession of them. These came too late, for the vessels had sailed, but 
they found a quantity of gunpowder and other ammunition landed, which 
they brought to Glasgow, where, lest it might fall into the hands of their 
enemies, the powder was thrown into a draw-well. The Earl of Arran, at 
the same time, by a stratagem, made himself master of the castle of Dun- 
barton, and expelled Lord Erskine, the governor. The Regent, in the 
meantime, was employed in collecting troops ; and he now prepared to 
advance upon Glasgow, when an accommodation was once more brought 
about, chiefly through the means of Forman, Archbishop of Glasgow. An 
end was put to all differences ; and the Regent, as a mark of his sincerity, 
bestowed church benefices, and other places of emolument, on some of the 
leaders of the malcontents. 

This year the Regent, on account of his private affairs, finding it neces- W- 

sary to go to France, appointed, as deputes for the Regency during his 
absence, the Archbishops of St Andrew's and Glasgow, and the Earls of 
Arran, Angus, Huntley, and Argyle. To each of these six was assigned 
the charge of that part of the country contiguous to his own estates, while 
to the Sieur de la Beaute, the great favourite of Albany, was given the 
charge of the Merse and the Lothians. At the same time the young King 
was brought from Stirling to Edinburgh, and placed under the care of 
four noblemen of approved virtue and fidelity. Having completed his 
preparations, the Regent sailed from Newark (now Port-Glasgow,) about 
the middle of July, carrying with him a number of young Scottish noble- 
men, and the favourite natural son of the Earl of Arran, Sir James Hamil- 
ton of Finnart and Evandale. 

La Beaute, whose activity in punishing and repressing the numberless 
disorders in his wardenship, occasioned much dissatisfaction amongst the 
borderers, was soon after slain by the Humes, in an ambuscade near 
Dunse ; and we are told that Hume of Wedderburne knit to his saddle- 


james, bow the fine long hair which he wore, according to the fashion of the age, 
' and hung the head over the battlements of Hume Castle. 

The Earl of Arran was appointed to fill the vacant wardenship ; but the 
Earl of Angus, who aspired to this office, was at no pains to conceal his 
dissatisfaction at the preference. The new Lord Warden, overcoming the 
difficulties of his situation, proceeded, with the greatest impartiality, and 
committed to prison Sir George Douglas, the brother of Angus, and Mark 
Ker, for some misdemeanour ; and, in a Parliament which was held at 
Edinburgh in October, he received orders from the Estates to proceed 
against the murderers of La Beaute, and to seize upon the castles of Hume, 
Wedderburne, and Langton ; against whom he accordingly marched, and 
they were delivered into his hands. The Earl of Arran had been elected, 
by the members of the Regency, their president, and at this time had the 
chief direction of affairs, but he was, upon all occasions, opposed by the 
Earl of Angus, who nourished a decided enmity, and who still had great 
influence ; nor was it long before the private animosity, which subsisted 
between these two powerful noblemen, broke out into an open rupture. 
1519. The plague raging this year in Edinburgh, the young King, for greater 

pinken. ii. 182, 280. security, was carried, by the Earl of Arran, to the castle of Dalkeith. 
The Earl, on his return to the city, was denied entrance by the citizens, 
on the pretext that he meant to overawe them in the election of their ma- 
gistrates; and, through the instigation of the partizans of Angus, the gates 
were shut against him and his retinue. The Hamilton party within the 
town, resenting this proceeding, continual skirmishes and bickerings passed 
during the ensuing night ; in the course of which, the Deacon of the 
Crafts, a person of some consideration in the city, was slain, and, what 
was at first but a private quarrel between these two noblemen, soon be- 
came a matter of public concern ; and a circumstance, which also about 
this time happened in the south, helped to render the breach still wider. 

Carr, the baron of Farnihairst, assumed the power of holding courts at 
Jedburgh, which the Earl of Angus claimed as his exclusive right. In 
this dispute, as usual, both parties had recourse to arms ; and Sir James 
Hamilton of Finnart declaring for Farnihairst, set out for Kelso to his 
assistance, attended by his own followers, and by four hundred borderers. 
He had nearly reached that place, when he fell into an ambuscade, pre- 
pared for him by Carr of Cessfurd and Somerville of Cambusnethan, both 
of whom had espoused the interest of Angus. Sir James, with much pre- 


sence of mind, ordered his men to dismount, being resolved to fight on james, 
foot, but the Merse men most basely abandoned him in this emergency ; ' 

and he was so closely beset that four of his attendants were slain, and he 
and the remainder, with the greatest difficulty, made their escape to Hume 

A Parliament having been summoned to meet at Edinburgh towards 1520. 

the end of April, the Earl of Arran prepared to attend, together with 
Archbishop Beaton, and the most of the lords of the west, who all con- 
sidered it necessary for the common good, that the overgrown power of 
the Earl of Angus should be curbed. The Earl of Arran, with his kins- 
men and friends, on their arrival at Edinburgh, held a meeting in Arch- 
bishop Beaton's house, in the Blackfriars' Wynd, to concert measures for 
their mutual safety and welfare ; wherein it was resolved, at the suggestion 
of the Archbishop, to place the Earl of Angus, who was then within the 
city, in his lodgings near the West Bow, under confinement. 

Angus, privily getting notice of the purport of their consultations, sent April 30. 
his uncle, the famous Gawin Douglas, Bishop of Dunkeld, to accommo- 
date matters, and to state, that he was ready to answer in Parliament for 
his conduct ; that all he required in the meantime was, liberty to visit the 
Queen-dowager, his wife, in the Castle, after which he engaged to depart 
from the town peaceably. The Archbishop, the most violent of his party, 
having heard this message, replied by enumerating all the causes of dis- 
content which the Earl of Arran had against the Earl of Angus ; and con- 
cluded by saying, " There is no remedy, — the Earl of Angus must go to 
prison ; upon my conscience I cannot help it ;" and, in the heat of his 
asseveration, striking his breast with his hand, the hauberk, which he wore 
that day under his cassock, rattled, " How now, my Lord !" says Dun- 
keld, " methinks your conscience clatters ; it is not becoming for us 
churchmen to carry arms, or engage in civil broils." 

The Earl of Angus, in the meantime, to be prepared for the worst, as- 
sembled his friends and followers, and, passing down the High Street, sup- 
plied himself from the armourers' shops, as he went along, with spears and 
pikes, the longest he could find ; at the same time numbers of the citi- 
zens joined him, whilst others handed his followers weapons from their 
windows. After causing the heads of the wynds and closes leading from 
the Cowgate to be barricadoed with carts, ale barrels, and whatever lum- 
ber came readiest to hand, he seized on the eastern gate of the city, called 


james, the Netherbow Port, where, having left a sufficient force, he stationed 


■ himself, with the choicest of his men, in the High Street, fronting the 
head of the Blackfriars' Wynd. 

The Bishop of Dunkeld, having left Beaton, passed to his friend Sir 
Patrick Hamilton, to whom he stated all that he had represented to the 
Archbishop ; and Sir Patrick, impressed with the reasonableness of his 
request, went to seek his brother, the Earl of Arran, on whom he readily 
prevailed to relinquish his design upon Angus. Sir James Hamilton of 
Finnart, who was standing by, and who ill brooked any favour shown to 
Angus, upbraided Sir Patrick in the most contumelious manner, adding, 
" that he had no will to fight in his friend's quarrel, be it ever so just." 
Sir Patrick, indignant at these reproaches, answered, " Thou liest, bas- 
tard smaik ! I dare fight where thou wilt not be seen this day." Then, 
placing himself at the head of his brother's party, he rushed out on the 
Earl of Angus. That nobleman, who had a regard for the man, seeing him 
advance considerably before the others, called out to save him ; but it was 
too late, for he was unfortunately killed at the first onset. The contest 
continued with great fury and resolution on both sides, until some of the 
Queen's friends, coming to the assistance of Angus, and the rumour being 
that a reinforcement to him had arrived from the borders, caused the Ha- 
miltons to give way. The Earl of Arran himself, and his son Sir James, 
fighting their way through the melee, retired down a wynd on the north 
side of the High Street, where, finding a coal horse standing, they threw 
off his burden, and rode through the North Loch, at a shallow place, no 
one thinking of pursuing them that way. 

Of the Hamilton party there were slain about seventy, amongst whom, of 
note, besides Sir Patrick Hamilton,* was John, Master of Montgomery, son 
of the first Earl of Eglinton, and Sir James Hamilton, younger of Preston. 

* Sir Patrick Hamilton was a natural son of the first Lord Hamilton by a daughter 
of Witherspoon of Brighouse. He was the ancestor of the Hamiltons of Kincavel, 
whose genealogy will be detailed in the Second Part of this Work. 

He was a man of a very honourable and upright character, greatly esteemed by his 
contemporaries, and much employed in public affairs. He was one of the most emi- 
nent of the Scottish knights who appeared at the marriage of James the Fourth in 
1503. Lindsay of Pitscottie has given an account of a single combat betwixt him 
and a foreign knight, which, for the cpiaintness of the description, I shall here insert : 

" Soone eftir this thair cam ane Duchman in Scotland, called Sir John Cockbewis, 
and desired fighting and justing with the lordis and barones thairof. Bot none was 


Archbishop Beaton, flying for refuge to the church of the Blackfriars,* james, 
was pursued thither, dragged from behind the high altar, and had his '- % 
rochet torn from his back. He would have been slain on the spot but 
for the timely interference of the Bishop of Dunkeld, who represented to 
the victors how sacrilegious the slaying of a churchman would be con- 
sidered. He was therefore allowed to depart, nor did he tarry long, for 
he did not consider himself safe until he had reached Linlithgow, to which 
place he travelled with all expedition on foot. 

Towards the termination of the fight, eight hundred horse, the flower 
of the East Marches, under the conduct of the Prior of Coldingham and 
Sir David Hume, arrived from the borders to the assistance of Angus, 
and, bursting into the city, proved of great use to the party they came to 
aid. The Earl of Angus, emboldened by this supply, made proclamation 
throughout the city, granting permission for all of the adverse party to 
leave it immediately, and without molestation. There were still a consi- 
derable number in the town, who might have annoyed him, but they were 
scattered, and without a head ; they therefore took advantage of his pro- 
clamation and retired. 

Notwithstanding of this repulse, and the advantages it gave Angus, the i»i. 

Earl of Arran still continued to have the chief direction of affairs until the 
return from France of the Duke of Albany, who arrived in the Gaerloch, 

so apt and readie to fight with him as Sir Patrick Hamilton, being then strong of 
bodie, and able to all thingis ; and yet, for lack of exercisioun, he was not so weill 
practised as mister had beine, though he laked no hardiment, strength, or courage : 
Bot, when the Duchman and lie was assembled togidder on great horsis vnder the Castel 
wall of Edinburgh, in the barrace ; so, efter the sound of trumpet, they rusched verrie 
rudlie togidder, and break thair speares on vther, and immediatlie gat new speares 
and encountered agayne. Bot Sir Patrick's horse vttered, and would in no wayes 
encounter his adversar agayne, that it was force to Sir Patrick to light on foote, and 
fight the Duchman, and bade the Duchman alight from his hors, and end out the 
matter, saying to him, a hors was a weak weapon when men had most adoe. Then 
both the knightis alighted on thair foott, and joyned pertlie togidder, with right 
awfull countenance, each on strak at vther, and fought the space of an hour, with vn- 
certain victorie, quhill at the last the said Sir Patrick rusched rudlie vpon the Duch- 
man, and strak him on his knies ; and the Duchman, being on his knies, the King 
kest his hat over the castel wall, and caused the judges to stay and redd theme ; bot 
the heraldis and trumpetteris soundit and cryit, saying the victorie was Sir Patrick's." 

* The Blackfriars, or Dominican Convent, occupied the site of the present Royal 
Infirmary,— a happy exchange of superstition for benevolence. 


james, in Lennox, on the 19th November this year. The Queen-dowager, re- 
tiring from Edinburgh, (then possessed by Angus,) in the night, accom- 
panied by several lords and gentlemen, met the Regent at Linlithgow ; 
and the Earl of Arran, and other nobles and chiefs, hastening to offer their 
congratulations, the Earl of Angus and his party fled from Edinburgh, in 
great dismay, towards the borders ; whilst the Regent entered the capital, 
accompanied by the Queen-dowager, the Earl of Arran, the Chancellor, 
and a numerous assemblage of peers and gentlemen. 

In a Parliament held at Edinburgh on the 26th day of December, the 
Earl of Anguj and his adherents, particularly Hume of Wedderburn, So- 
merville of Cambusnethan, and Cockburn of Langton, were formally sum- 
moned to answer for various crimes and misdemeanours, committed during 
the absence of the Regent ; and, on their non-appearance, were forfalted 
and sentenced to banishment. The good and virtuous Gawin Douglas, 
Bishop of Dunkeld, dreading the ruin of his house, retired into England, 
and fixed his residence at London, where, in the spring of the following 

1522. year, he died of the plague. 

I5?s Albany, entirely devoted to the French interests, at the instigation of 

that court, led a Scottish army to the invasion of England ; but the prin- 
cipal nobility and gentry, from patriotic motives, refusing to cross the 
borders, he was reluctantly compelled to return. The Earl of Arran, 
about this time, joined the Queen-Dowager in opposing the Regent, who 
had proposed sending the young King to France for his education : and, 

1524. the following year, Albany, once more baffled by the firmness of the no- 

bility in a projected invasion of England, retired in disgust to France. 

After his departure, to guard against the disorders and anarchy likely 
to ensue, it was agreed that the King should take the reins of government 
into his own hands. Accordingly, that young Prince, removing from Stir- 
ling to Holyroodhouse, assembled the nobility and chief men of the king- 
dom, and again caused them to swear allegiance to him. 

Shortly after the King's assumption of the government, the Earl of 
Angus, chiefly through the influence of Cardinal Wolsey, the all-powerful 
minister of Henry the Eighth, was allowed to return to Scotland ; and, 
though he found himself without power or influence at court, yet, by as- 
sociating with the Earls of Lennox, Argyle, Hume, and others, he soon 
formed a party in the kingdom, which became formidable to the Queen- 
Dowager and the Earl of Arran, who then had the chief direction of 


affairs under the Kins. In a dispute which ensued about the most suit- james, 

° V - i 1 1 ,1 EARLOFARRAN. 

able place for holding a Parliament, matters were carried to such a length, _______ 

that Angus laid siege to the castle of Edinburgh, where the King, the 
Queen-mother, and the Earl of Arran, had taken shelter ; but an accom- 
modation was quickly brought about, through the influence of the prelates, 
and the care of the King's person was transferred to eight Lords of Par- 
liament, (to have the charge in rotation,) in the number of whom were 
the two rival Earls. 

The Earl of Angus, while on his tour of duty, acquired such influence 
over the mind and affections of the young monarch, that he easily pre- 
vailed on him to grant ecclesiastical benefices, and other rich gifts, to his 
friends and dependants, — a measure which increased his power ; and the 
Queen-dowager, retiring about this time to Stirling Castle, left James, 
solely under the management of Angus, Having now engrossed in his 
own hands the absolute direction of affairs, that ambitious nobleman, by 
his haughty and overbearing conduct, caused many of the nobility to re- 
tire from court. Amongst others, the Earl of Arran went to reside on his 1526. 
estates ; and the Douglasses, now without a rival, carried themselves in a 
very haughty and arbitrary manner. 

The young King, from the restraint under which he found himself 
placed, soon began to dislike the guardianship of Angus, and the undue 
influence of the Douglasses. He had already made one unsuccessful at- 
tempt to escape from his thraldom, and he again applied to the Earl of 
Lennox to relieve him. That nobleman, retiring from court to Stirling, 
published a manifesto, calling on all loyal subjects to join him ; and the 
Archbishop of St Andrew's, and other prelates, advising him to take the 
field, and supplies dady pouring in from all quarters, he prepared to fol- 
low their advice. The Earls of Glencairn, Cassillis, and others, joined 
him from the west, whilst numerous reinforcements arrived from Fife, 
Angus, Strathearn, and Stirlingshire, so that he was soon at the head of a 
force amounting to about ten thousand men, besides a thousand High- 
landers, who joined him as volunteers. The Chancellor-archbishop and 
the Queen-dowager threw their influence into the same scale, whilst the 
most considerable men in the kingdom either followed their example or 
remained neuter. 

In this crisis, when Angus stood singly opposed to such a host of ene- 
mies, and appeared likely to be overwhelmed in the approaching struggle, 



james, he made overtures of reconciliation to the Earl of Arran. He offered him 

a snare in the administration, and, at the same time, intimated that it was 

the intention of James to declare Lennox heir to the crown, in prejudice 
Godscroft, P . 254, of the rights of the family of Hamilton. Godscroft, the historian of the 

ed. 1644. ° J 

Douglasses, intimates that it was the intention of Lennox to ruin them 
hoth, first by attacking Angus and then the Earl. It was probably the 
knowledge of this that determined them to wave all political and family 
differences, and, for mutual support, to embark in one common cause. 
1526. As the Earl of Arran, agreeably to their plan of operations, was pre- 

paring to advance to Edinburgh, he received information from Angus to 
meet him at Linlithgow, whither he accordingly proceeded, at the head 
of his kinsmen and followers. The Earl of Lennox, who was soon ap- 
sept. 4. prised of this movement, set out from Stirling, with the intention of cut- 

ting off the Hamiltons before they could be joined by the Earl of Angus ; 
but the scouts of Arran, carrying notice of his approach, that nobleman 
sent off an express to Edinburgh to hasten on Angus and his forces ; and, 
in the meantime, took possession of the bridge over the Avon, about a 
mile from the town, and stationed a strong party to defend it, while, with 
the main body, he took post on a rising ground a short distance above, 
and nearly opposite to the monastery of Emmanuel. He then sent some 
gentlemen of his name to his nephew Lennox, for whom, notwithstanding 
their family differences, he still retained a most lively affection, to dissuade 
him from the prosecution of his enterprize, adding that, should he advance, 
the Hamiltons must, much against their inclinations, oppose his progress. 
Lennox, with great spirit, returned for answer, " that he was determined 
to advance to Edinburgh in spite of all opposition." These gentlemen 
had scarcely retired, when, dividing his army into three bodies, he gal- 
lantly led them on to the attack. His vanguard, making too much haste, 
disordered their ranks, and, having some eminences to ascend, were out 
of breath before they came to close quarters with the Hamiltons, who, 
with great coolness, stood their ground, and who now charged with such 
furv, that they drove the assailants back with considerable loss upon their 
second line ; and a detachment of the forces of Angus, running into the 
field at this critical moment, seconded their efforts, and increased the con- 
fusion and dismay amongst the troops of Lennox. The united forces, with- 
out giving them time to recover, nc*w advanced upon the broken ranks of 


their enemy, and, after some further resistance, forced them to give way, james, 


when a total route ensued. 

King James, riding to Linlithgow, accompanied by Sir George Douglas, 
and a select body of the Douglasses, hearing, at some distance, the noise 
of the artdlery, sent forward Sir Andrew Wood of Largo, one of the gen- 
tlemen of his household, to the field of battle, - with orders for both parties 
to cease fighting, and, if possible, to ensure the safety of the Earl of Len- 
nox. Sir Andrew, on his arrival, found the Hamiltons victorious. In 
one part of the field he rescued the Master of Glencairn, (who, with about 
thirty followers, was maintaining his ground against fearful odds,) and 
conveyed him to a place of safety. In another quarter he found the Earl 
of Arran weeping most bitterly over his expiring nephew Lennox, deplor- 
ing his loss, and exclaiming, " the wisest, the best, the bravest man in 
Scotland, has fallen this day." Covering the body with his scarlet cloak, 
he placed a guard around, and delivered it up to the King's servants to be 
honourably interred. During the action the Earl of Lennox had been 
wounded and taken prisoner by John Hamilton of Bardowie, who, know- 
ing his chieftain's regard for him, was conveying him to a place of safety, 
when he was met by Sir James Hamdton of Finnart, who cruelly slew him 
in cold blood.* Besides the Earl of Lennox, there were slain, of his party, 
the Abbots of Melrose and Dunfermline, the Baron of Houston, Stirling 
of Keir, and a great number of private men. 

After this most signal success, the Earl of Angus prepared to take re- 
venge on all his enemies, and chiefly on his late wife, the Queen-dowager, 
and the Chancellor-archbishop. Against the latter the Hamiltons were 
greatly exasperated, for having caused Patrick Hamilton, Abbot of Feme, 
to be burnt, in the spring of the year, as a heretic ; and Beaton, finding 
the danger so imminent, fled to the mountains of Badenoch, where, under 
the disguise of a shepherd, he tended_cattle until the storm was blown over. 
Many, to preserve their lives and estates, became vassals either of the 

* " As some atonement for this cruel deed, he afterwards granted to the preach- 
ing friars of Glasgow ten merks yearly from the lands of Strathaveu, for which the 
friars were obliged to say prayers and masses for the\soul of the late John, Earl of 
Lennox." — Chalm. Caled. vol. hi. p. 646. 

" Sir James was rewarded by Angus with the captaincy of the palace of Linlith- 
gow, and many lands lying in Linlithgowshire, which were confirmed to him in the 
Parliament held, in November following, at Edinburgh." — Ibid. vol. ii. p. 854. 


james, Hamiltons or the Douglasses ; and the best understanding continued to 

EARLOFARRAN. „ , , . -,,,,,.,. ., . , 

. prevail between these two great and powerful families, until it was nearly 
interrupted by an accident which happened towards the end of this year. 

An under groom, or helper to the stables of the late Earl of Lennox, 
after his master's death, being out of employment, wandered up and down 
the country, until at last, either from the love he bore the deceased, or 
tired of life, and willing, by some notable exploit, to end it, he resolved 
to assassinate Sir James Hamilton. With this intention he came to Edin- 
burgh, where, meeting with one who had been his fellow servant, he asked 
him if he had seen Sir James lately; and the other answering that he had, 
he upbraided him, that, having seen him, he had not, for the love he bore 
his late master, killed him ; then, hastening to Holyroodhouse, he arrived 
there during a review of the Hamiltons and Douglasses, in the court-yard. 
Waiting his opportunity, he saw his victim cross the court and ascend 
the stairs of the palace, upon which, closely following him into a dark gal- 
lery, he immediately attacked him. Sir James, who was unarmed, de- 
fended himself as well as he could, by holding his cloak before him ; and 
the assassin, after giving him six severe wounds, none of which proved 
mortal, retired and mixed with the crowd. Great confusion immediately 
ensued. The Hamiltons, who at first thought the deed had been perpe- 
trated by the Douglasses, were preparing to revenge it, when some one, 
more considerate than the rest, having recommended that all those in the 
court-yard should range themselves singly along the walls, the assassin 
was presently discovered, with the bloody knife still in his hand. Having 
been put to the rack, to force him to name his accomplices, he said the 
contrivance was entirely his own ; and, after enduring numberless tor- 
ments, his right hand being cut off, he observed that it was punished less 
than it deserved, in not better obeying the dictates of his mind. 

The Earl of Arran, advanced in years, and ever regretting the untimely 
death of his nephew Lennox, shortly after this retired from court and 
public business, and spent the remainder of his days on his own estates. 

He was infefted in the heritable sheriffship of Lanarkshire, anno 1489. 
On the 30th May 1498, he had a charter of the lands of Paddockcruke. 
Mag. sig. l. xvii, jj e j la( j a charter, dated the 16th January 1512-13, " to James, Earl 

No. 135, 136. 

of Arran, Lord Hamilton, and the heirs-male of his body legitimately to 
be procreated ; which failing, to James Hamilton of Finnart, knight, his 
natural son ; Patrick Hamilton of Kincavill, knight, and John Hamilton 


of Brumehill, his brothers ; James Hamilton of Silvertonhill, William Ha- james, 


milton of Candor, and Gavin Hamilton of Orbiston, and the heirs-male of 

their bodies respectively ; which failing, to the nearest heirs-male what- 
soever of James Earl of Arran, bearing the name and arms of Hamilton, 
— of the lands and baronies of Hamilton, Machanshyre, Drumsargard, and 
Carmunnock, Kirkle, and Richardstoun, with the office of sheriff of La- 
narkshire, the lands and baronies of Kinniel, in the shire of Linlithgow, 
Fynnart in Renfrewshire, Kirkinnan in the stewartry of Kirkcudbright, 
and Birkinsyde in Lauderdale. 

Four days after this, on the 20th January, a legitimation passed the 
great seal " to the Earl of Arran's natural son, James Hamilton of Fin- 
nart, knight, and to his bastard brothers, Patrick Hamilton of Kincavill, 
and John Hamilton of Brumehill," on the narrative that he had no heirs 
of his body lawfully procreated to succeed him in his inheritance, and 
in consideration of his propinquity to the King, and a wish to preserve his 
ancient and honourable name entire and in one blood. 

The Earl of Arran married, first, Beatrix, daughter of Lord Drum- 
rnond, by Elizabeth, daughter of David, Earl of Crawford and Duke of 
Montrose, by whom he had Lady Margaret, married to Andrew Stewart, 
Lord Evandale and Ochiltree. 

He married, secondly, Elizabeth, sister of Alexander Earl of Home, 
by whom he had no issue. They had a charter " Jacobo, Domino de Ha- R eg- Mag. si g . 
milton, et Elizabethan Hume, sponsae sua?, baroniae de Kynele," dated 22d 
April 1490. This lady's former husband, Sir Thomas Hay, of the family 
of Yester, (who had gone abroad, aud was supposed to be dead,) return- 
ing to Scotland, the Earl instituted a suit of divorce in the ecclesiastical 
court, which he obtained, and which was confirmed by the Pope, empower- 
ing him to marry another. 

He married, thirdly, Janet, daughter of Sir David Beaton of Creigh, 
Comptroller of Scotland in the time of King James the Fourth, niece of 
Cardinal Beaton, and widow of Sir Thomas Livingston of Easter Wemyss. 
They had a charter " to James Earl of Arran, and Janet Betoun his wife, l. iix, No. 137. 
of part of the barony of Kinniel," 23d November 1516. By her he had 
issue — 

I. James, Earl of Arran and Duke of Chatelherault. 

II. Gavin, designed, in a charter dated 4th November 1540, " brother l. xxxi. no. 33. 
to the Earl of Arran." 


james, 1. Lady Isobel, married to John Bannatyne of Corhouse, from whom 

5 she had a charter, previously to their marriage, of the lands of Logoth and 

l. xxxi, No. 33. Allerstokis, for life, dated 21st July 1529, wherein she is designed daughter 

of the late Earl. She had another charter of half the lands of Allerstokis, 

16th May 1555. 

2. Lady Helen, married to Archibald, fourth Earl of Argyle, who gave 
l. xxiii, No. 70. her for life a charter of the lands of Menstrie in Clackmannanshire. She 

is therein designed legitimate daughter of the late Earl of Arran ; dated 
27th August 1529. 

3. Lady Jean, married to Alexander, fifth Earl of Glencaim. 

4. Lady Janet, married to David Boswell of Auchinleck. They had a 
l. xxiv, No. 153. charter under the great seal, " Davidi Boswell de Auchinleck, et Joneta* 

ejus sponsa?, sorori Jacobi Comitis Aranias, et haeredibus inter ipsos legi- 
time procreat. seu procreand. terrarum baroniae de Auchinleck, in vice- 
comitatu de Air," dated 12th February 1531. 

The Earl of Arran died some time before July 1529. He had a 
natural son, Sir James Hamilton of Finnart, knight, of whom there is 
frequent mention in these Memoirs, ancestor of the Hamiltons of Evan- 
dale, Crawford] ohn, Gilkerscleugh, &c. Sir James's mother, accord- 
ing " to the Memorie of the Spmervilles," * was a daughter of the 

Memorie of the Somer- * " The House of Hamilton, by marriage to King James the Third's sister, who 
had been the wife of Thomas, Lord Boyde, from whom she was divorced, and mar- 
ryed upon James, the first Lord Hamilton ; by reason whereof this familie was now 
at a great bight both for honour and estate, and the name universally the most thriv- 
ing of any in Scotland ; and amongst them all non more, about this tyme, then a 
young gentleman, James Hamilton, naturall sone to James, the second Lord Hamil- 
ton, and first Earl of Arrane, begotten on a daughter of the Lord Boyde 's. This gentle- 
man, by his father's donatione, had the lands of Finhard given him in patrimony, by 
which he was ever designed ; although afterwards, by his interest at court, and great 
trust and favour he had of King James the Fyfth, being his thesaurer, he purchased, in a 
short tyme, a vast fortune in lands, equal to, if not much beyond, the House of Hamilton 
itself, as was supposed ; and, for strong and stately houses, being the King's master 
of worke, and the principal architector of that age, ther was non did equall him for 
the royall houses, tliat was, the palace of Hollyrudehouse, Linlithgow, Falkland, and 
some part of the foirwork of the Castle of Stirling." 

Much of this narrative is evidently supported by other proof, and hence there is a 
presumption that the rest is correct, and accounts for the superior beauty of Craig- 
nethan Castle, which was built by Finnart. 

A distinguished individual of the present age, Sir Walter Scott, in his Notes upon 


Lord Boyd, according to Crawford, Mary, a daughter of Boyd of Bon- james 


" The Lord of the Isles," when speaking of a violation of the regular order of sue- craw. Hist, of Ren. 

cession, which is said to have occurred in the family of Macdonald at a remote peiiod, fre "'^ lre » Rob - edlt - 

says, — " But, in truth, the maxim of inheritance in Scotland was sometimes departed 

from at periods when it was much more distinctly understood. Such a transposition 

took place in the family of Hamilton in 1513, when the descendants of James, third 

Lord, by Lady Janet Home, were set aside, with an appanage of great value indeed, 

in order to call to the succession those whom he had by a subsequent marriage with 

Janet Beatoun. In short, many other examples might be quoted to show that the 

question of legitimacy is not always determined by the fact of succession," &c. 

So new and singular an attack on the honours of the first family of Scotland ought to 
have been supported by something more than a gratuitous assertion ; and nothing but 
the gravity of the charge, and the celebrity of the author, could make it incumbent to 
say any thing in reply to so rash and so unfounded a statement. It is indeed easily 
proved, that the real and ostensible representation of the house of Hamilton were not, 
in this instance, disjoined. For, without entering on the question as to the legitimacy 
of the children of such an annulled marriage, there does not exist a vestige of proba- 
bility that Elizabeth Home had any children at all ; and it can at all events be de- 
monstrated that none of the Earl's sons, accounted illegitimate, could have been the 
offspring of his marriage with that Lady. It will not be asserted that the male issue 
of that connexion could have been wholly passed over by the Earl in the entail, 
to be again quoted, which he executed of his estates, while he there calls to the 
eventual succession even the collateral branches of illegitimate descent ; nor, at the 
date of that deed, could it have been therein said, on this hypothesis, that he had then 
no legitimate heirs of his body. Of his children styled natural, Sir James Hamilton of 
Finnart alone is included in this entail, and, consequently, in regard to him only can 
there exist a doubt. In reference however to Sir James, the evidence is equally 
conclusive. For, without insisting on the concurring testimony of genealogists, that 
his mother was a Boyd, or on the frequent epithets of illegitimacy applied to him in 
legal deeds, and by cotemporary historians, subsequent to the divorce, all doubt upon 
this subject is removed by the two following deeds. 1. Charter under the great seal, Lib. xiv. No. 479. 
dated 24th September 1507, confirming a previous grant by James, Earl of Arran, 
of the lands of Finnart to " his natural son" James Hamilton. — 2. Charter under the Lib. xvii. No. 135. 
great seal, quoted above, 16th January 1512, in favour of James, Earl of Arran, and 
the heirs-male lawfully to be procreated of his body ; whom failing, " Jacobo Hamilton 
de Fynnart, rm\it\,filio naturali dicti comitis, et haeredibus masculis, &c. ; quibus defi- 
cientibus, Patricio Hamilton de Kincavill, Joanni Hamilton de Brumehill," &c. After 
which there follows in the record his legitimation, reciting, that " Jacobus Comes de 
Arania, Dominus Hamilton, nidlos habet hmredes de corpore suo legitime procreatos, 
&c. ; quamobrem eidem nostro consanguineo concessimus novam infeodationem, &c. 
sibi et haeredibus masculis de corpore suo legitime procreandis ; quibus deficientibus, 


*a„ t j ^?S shaw * in Renfrewshire. The Earl had another natural son, Sir John Ha- 

H.AKLOr' ARRAN. „ _ . 

====== miiton ot Clydesdale, who married Janet, only child of Alexander, third 

Lord Home, and was ancestor of the Hamiltons of Samuelston. 
mS Peerase ' v ° l L He had also James Hamilton » who had a charter of Parkhill, in Sept. 
1547, wherein he is designed " natural brother of James Earl of Arran." 
He is probably the same with James, variously designed of Kinniel, of Stain- 
hill, and of Sprowston. Under the first designation he is mentioned in a 
charter by James, Abbot of Kelso, to the Duke of Chatelherault, 1550; 
and, under the last, is included in the pacification of Perth, 1572. 

John, Archbishop of St Andrew's, was also his natural son, though, ac- 
cording to Knox and Buchanan, his paternity was doubtful. 

The Earl had a natural daughter by the same mother as Sir James of 
Finnart, who was married to Hugh, fifth Lord Somerville.t 

suo carnali filio et fratribus suis, &c. prout in dicta nostra nova infeodatione desuper 
confecta latius continetur; nos igitur, &c. concessimus dictis talliatis personis, viz. 
Jacobo Hamilton de Fynnart, militi, filio naturali dicti consanguinei, Patricio Hamil- 
ton de Kincavill, militi, et Johanni Hamilton de Brumehill, bastardis carnalibus fratri- 
Vide Caw. Peer. P . bns ejusdem nostri consanguinei," &c. Now, it is very important to remember, that the 

J 92, referring to the _ 

decree of divorce in the marriage between the Earl of Arran and Elizabeth Home, which was celebrated pre- 
Hamilton charter- ^ous to 1490, was accounted lawful to the year 1513, when it was dissolved, on the 
ground of bigamy, by the spiritual Judge-ordinary. Hence it follows that, if James 
of Finnart had been the offspring of that marriage, he would, in 1512, and, beyond 
all doubt, previous to that period, in 1507, have been designed " Master of Arran," or 
" lawful son" of the Earl ; but so far from this being the case, we see, that he was 
considered, during that antecedent period, as a natural son, and had the most unequi- 
vocal designations of illegitimacy applied to him. The necessary inference from this 
fact therefore is, that he could not have been the son of the Earl of Arran bv Elizabeth 
Home. He was apparently the son either of the daughter of Boyd of Bonshaw, as 
affirmed by Crawford, — of the Lord Boyd, as stated by Lord Somerville, — or of some 
other individual of that name. As little room also is there for the supposition that he 
was provided for by his father in a large appanage. All that he received from him 
was the small estate of Finnart in Renfrewshire. It is very true that the Knight of 
Finnart afterwards held a very great estate ; but that was acquired exclusively by him- 
self. He was the architect of his own fortune, and, by means of his personal talents, 
was elevated to the high power and consideration he possessed. 
Wood's Peerage, vol. i. * Mary, daughter of Arch. Boyd of Bonshaw, had two bastards to James IV. 
Memorie of the Somcr- t Tnere is ^ e following passage in " The Memorie of the Somervilles," written by 
viiies, vol. i. p. 321. one f the members of that house: — " Hugh (Lord Somerville) confirmes his former 
resolutione to make interest at court, by some honorabill marriage : Anna Hamilton, 




James, the second Earl of Arran, accompanied James the Fifth, during' 

r '6 duke of cha- 

the summer or 1536, in an excursion to the Orkneys and Hebrides, at telherault. 

which period he must have been a very young man. The King, having l33e 

fitted out five ships, properly manned, and engaged Alexander Lindsay, 

one of the most experienced pilots of his time, set sail from Leith, giving 

out that he was bound for France. On clearing the land, he gave orders 

to alter their course and steer towards the north. Landing on one of the 

Orkney islands, he held a justice ayre, and punished several delinquents. 

Continuing his voyage, he visited the Lewis, Sky, Uist, and the other 

islands of the northern Hebrides, and, at each place where he landed, he 

held a court of justice. Some of the chiefs of the clans he obliged to give 

sureties for their good behaviour ; others he carried with him, and sent 

under ward to different places south of the Forth. After visiting Mull, 

Isla, Jura, and the other islands in that quarter, in his passage towards 

the Clyde he was overtaken by a furious storm, and driven to the coast of 

Galloway, and landed near the Abbey of St Ninian's, from whence he 

proceeded over land to Stirling. During this excursion his pilots were 

employed in taking charts of the sea-coasts, which were published at Paris 

more than a century afterwards. 

James, desirous of forming an alliance with one of the daughters of 

Francis the First, had sent ambassadors for that purpose ; but, impatient 

natural daughter to James, the first Earl of Arran, and full sister to Sir James Ha- 
milton of Finhard, by being begotten upon the same mother, the Lord Boid's daughter. 
This marriage was solemnized att the Castle of Hamilton upon the 20 day of Decem- 
ber 1510, the Earl being then a widow, or at least soe esteemed, by his divorce from 
Elizabeth Home, sister to Alexander Lord Home." 



duke of cha- of the delay, or probably wishing to judge for himself, he embarked on 
— - board a well-equipped fleet, and sailed on the 26th July this year, taking 
with him several of the nobility, amongst whom was the young Earl of 
Arran. After having been at sea for some days, a storm arose which 
drove them back, and, the wind continuing adverse, the pilot asked the 
King what course he should steer, whereupon James replied, " Land me 
any where but in England." By his directions they sailed round Scot- 
land, intending to proceed by the western coast ; but some of the nobles, 
who were adverse to a union with France, prevailed on the pilot, while the 
King was asleep, to alter his course and steer for the Clyde. The King 
was so enraged at the skipper's presumption, that, but for the interposi- 
tion of some of the nobles, he would have hanged him on the moment. 
He gave directions to be landed in the Island of Bute, and took up his 
residence in the Castle of Rothsay, until horses were brought from Stirling. 
His fleet met him again at Pittenweem, from whence, attended by a splendid 
retinue, he set sail on the 1st September, and, after a short and prosperous 
voyage, arrived off the harbour of Dieppe in Normandy. 

The French, who, at first sight, took them for enemies, no sooner saw 
the red lion of Scotland flying at the mast-head of the admiral's ship, than 
they knew it was the King of Scots, and hastened to welcome him with 
every mark of respect. The rumour soon spread, far and wide, that he 
was come, with a powerful army, to the assistance of the French, which 
had the effect in causing the Emperor, who had invaded France with an 
army of 80,000 men, to make a hasty and disgraceful retreat towards his 
own dominions. The Earl of Arran attended King James on a visit to 
the French camp, and afterwards to Paris, where he was married to Mar- 
garet, the eldest daughter of Francis. The nuptials were performed in 
the church of Notre Dame, with extraordinary magnificence, and they 
were attended by a prodigious concourse of people of the first distinction. 
James spent the winter in France in a continued round of festivity. In 
the exhibitions of martial exercises, during this period, the Scots sur- 
prised the French by their superior skill and address in arms. — James, 
1537. whose presence was much wanted in Scotland, accompanied by several 

French nobles, set out on his return, and landed at Leith on the 28th 
May. The young Queen was welcomed with extraordinary rejoicings, 
and conducted, with every mark of attention, to the Palace of Holyrood ; 
but she did not long enjoy the affection of her new subjects. A pulmo- 


nary complaint, with which she had been for some time affected, termi- duke of cha- 
nated her existence a few weeks after her arrival. King James afterwards ' 

married Mary of Guise, Dowager-duchess of Longueville. 

The clergy, who had acquired considerable influence with this spirited 1Ma 

monarch, persuaded him to appoint Sir James Hamilton of Finnart eccle- 
siastical judge in all matters of heresy. The fires of persecution were 
again lighted up over all the kingdom, — the favourers of the reformed 
doctrines were diligently sought after, — and the jads were soon found in- 
sufficient to contain all the victims of ecclesiastical tyranny. Sir James, 
whose devotion in this instance to the King and the clergy ultimately led 
to his own downfal, was at this period a person of great consideration 
and credit at court. His estates, in value and extent, almost equalled 
some of the first baronies in the land, and few of the nobles appeared with 
such a numerous and splendid retinue. He had castles and houses in 
various parts of the kingdom, and his rebuilding the Castle of Craig- 
nethan * of itself shows the extent of his opulence and his power. He had 
long been the favourite of his sovereign, who made him cupbearer and 
steward of the royal household ; and, either from his skill and knowledge 
in architecture, or as a mark of favour, he made him director of the national 
buildings. It was under his fostering care that the palaces of Linlithgow, 
Falkland, Rothsay, &c. monuments of the architectural taste of the Scots 
of that age, arose, or were reedified and embellished. King James omit- 
ted no opportunity of expressing his regard for him, and rewarding his 
services and attachment to his person ; the most striking example of which 
was, his permitting him to incorporate part of the royal armst with his 

* The ruins of this once spacious and almost impregnable fortress are situated on 
the bold and romantic banks of the Nethan, about a mile above where it falls into the 
Clyde. It presents a striking specimen of the rude magnificence and feudal grandeur 
of ancient times. The outer wall, surmounted with battlements, and inclosing a space 
of nearly two English acres, is almost entire, as well as a deep and broad dry ditch, 
faced with hewn stone ; but the ponderous drawbridge, which led to the main body of 
the building, now greatly decayed, is gone. The arms of the Hamiltons of Finnart 
and Evandale, cut in stone, and placed over the principal entrance, are still to be 
seen. The area within the principal wall now forms an orchard and kitchen-garden 
for the adjoining farm-house. This castle has undergone several sieges, and it afforded 
shelter to Queen Mary for a few days, after her escape from Lochleven. 

f His descendant, the representative of his family, continues to carry the same ar- 
morial bearings. 


duke OF cha- own, — a favour seldom granted to a subject. No wonder that a man 
telherault. ^, s distinguished, and possessing such power and influence at court, 
should excite the envy of his compeers, and it was natural to expect that 
he should have a host of enemies. All their efforts, however, to promote 
his disgrace, might have proved ineffectual, but for his acquiescence with 
the wishes of the clergy, and accepting of this odious and fatal office. It 
was reserved for a Hamilton and a kinsman to effect his ruin. 

Sir Patrick Hamilton of Kincavel, the illustrious knight before men- 
tioned, by his wife Catherine, daughter of Alexander, Duke of Albany, 
left two sons, James Hamilton of Kincavel, sheriff of Linlithgowshire, and 
Patrick Hamilton, Abbot of Feme, who, for his attachment to the re- 
formed faith, had been burnt at the stake about ten years before this. The 
family, it appears, notwithstanding, had continued stedfast in the same 
religious principles ; and, on this occasion, one of the sons was singled 
out by the clergy as a fit object to make another terrible example of. 

The sheriff, father of the young man, who privately had obtained in- 
formation of the design, resolved if possible to prevent them, and save his 
son's life, and he sent a younger son with a private message to the King. 
As James was riding early in the morning towards the Queensferry, he 
met the young man on the road, hastening towards Edinburgh, who, fall- 
ing on his knees, requested an audience, saying he had matters of im- 
portance, regarding his Majesty's safety, to communicate. The King, 
impressed with the earnestness of his manner, heard him shortly ; but not 
having time to return, pulled a signet ring from his finger, and desired 
Hamilton to show it to the Treasurer Kirkaldy, the Secretary Sir Thomas 
Erskine, and the Master of the Household Sir Thomas Learmonth, whom 
he would find, on his arrival in Edinburgh, sitting in the Exchequer- 
house, and to detail to them fully what he had to communicate. 

To these three officers of state young Hamilton accused Sir James of 
having frequently boasted, amongst his intimates, of the proximity of the 
Hamilton family to the crown, — that he had hired desperate ruffians for 
the purpose of cutting off the King, — and that he had grossly misapplied 
and embezzled the sums given him for the erection and repair of the royal 
palaces and castles. A council was immediately assembled, who, without 
delay, ordered the Lyon King at Arms to secure the person of Sir James, 
and lodge him in the Castle of Edinburgh that very day. Sir James im- 
mediately wrote to the King, who was at Falkland, requesting permission 


to come before him and plead his cause ; which was acceded to, and an duke of cha- 


order sent for his liberation. On hearing of this, the Treasurer and his ' 

colleagues, dreading the effects of Sir James's vengeance, immediately set 
out for Falkland, and, in addition to the charges already preferred against 
that favourite, accused him of keeping up a correspondence and conspir- 
ing with the banished Earl of Angus, against the King's government and 
person ; and concluded by representing, that his Majesty, by pardoning 
offences of such magnitude, was endangering his own and the public 

Impressed by the weight of these representations, James returned with- 
out delay to Edinburgh, and, notwithstanding the powerful intercession 
made in his behalf, he brought his late favourite to trial in the Tolbooth. 
The jury, composed of barons and landed gentlemen, some of whom, it 
is said, were his personal enemies, brought him in guilty, and he was con- 
demned to death. He was beheaded and quartered, and his lands and 
possessions were confiscated and annexed to the crown. Thus fell Sir 
James Hamilton of Finnart, a man whose character has been variously 
represented. That he was brave, generous, munificent, a sincere and 
trusty friend, will readily be admitted. It will, at the same time, be dif- 
ficult to conceal that he was tinctured with some of the vices of the age. 
His downfal was the cause of much wonder at the time, or, as Pitscottie 
expresses it, " quhairof the countrie marvelled meikle, that sik ane man, 
of so grett credence, was so suddenlie put down, by ony man's expecta- 

The great body of the nobility, perceiving every thing at court ruled 1542. 

by favourites and a few of the clergy, withdrew in disgust to their estates, 
and left the field to this faction, who, to suit their own purposes, instigated 
their master to invade England, — certainly the most rash and impolitic 
measure of his whole reign. The result of this ill-fated expedition 
is well known. Oliver Sinclair, a younger son of the house of Roslin, a 
court minion, was appointed general ; and the Scots, disdaining to be 
commanded by one whose only recommendation was the favour of his 
sovereign, allowed themselves to be routed at Solway by a few English 
horsemen. King James never recovered from its disastrous effects ; even 
the birth of a daughter, afterwards the unfortunate Queen Mary, only 
added to his despondency and grief, and he died at Falkland on the 13th 
December 1542. 





Rec. Pari. 647. 

Ambitious to secure the Regency, Cardinal Beaton ordered a pretended 
will of the King to be read at the market-cross of Edinburgh ; but the 
Earl of Arran, having assembled the nobility and officers of State, was re- 
Robertsoi), L 83- cognised by them as Regent, in right of his proximity of blood to the 
infant Queen. He immediately took possession of the Exchequer, and of 
the royal palaces and castles ; and the Estates of Parliament assembling, 
by a solemn deed of Act and Covenant,* signed and sealed in their pre- 
sence, declared him Regent and Governor of the kingdom, tutor to the 
Queen during her minority, and heir-apparent, and, after her, successor 
to tl»e crown. 

On assuming the reins of government, the Regent passed a number 
of acts, honourable to himself and advantageous to the interests of the 
people, one of which was an act allowing the Bible to be read in the 
vulgar tongue, — a circumstance which, more than any other, contri- 
buted to the advancement of the Reformation in Scotland. His taking 
into his family, as domestic chaplains, Thomas Quillim, formerly a 
black friar, and John Rough, two reformed preachers, procured him 
the favour and affection of the great body of the people. " And now 
all matters looked fair, no man wishing them to go better, for, in the Go- 
vernor's court, was nothing seen that the severest eye could censure or 
reprove. In the public government such moderation was kept as no man 
was heard to complain. The Governor was reverently obeyed, and held 
in as great respect as any king of preceding times." 

Henry the Eighth, desirous of marrying his son Prince Edward to the 
young Queen of Scots, made an overture to that effect to the Regent and 
Parliament ; but finding this union was to be only on conditions to which 
he was averse, he again addressed himself to the Regent alone, and offered 
to make him King of all Scotland beyond the Forth, — to support him in 
that exalted dignity with all his influence and power, — and to give his 
daughter Elizabeth in marriage to his eldest son the Earl of Arran, pro- 
vided he delivered into his hands the person of the young Queen. The 
Regent, firm in his duty and true to bis country, without the least hesita- 
tion rejected these alluring offers ; but a treaty between the two king- 

Knox's History. 

Robertson, i. 101. 

* For a fac-simile of this deed, see the Scots acts of Parliament, lately published 
by command of his Majesty. The original is to be found in the charter-room at Ha- 
milton Palace. 


doms, and, at the same time, a treaty of marriage between the young duke of cha. 
Queen of Scots and the Prince of England, was concluded on the 1st _ 

J u ly, Rec Pari. 6*7. 

Cardinal Beaton, who had been imprisoned for intriguing against the 
Regent's government, was about this time released ; and the first use the 
ungrateful priest made of this favour, was to assemble the Scottish clergy 
at St Andrew's, upon whom he prevailed to make him a grant of all the 
church plate, under pretence of defending the Scottish nation and church 
from the dominion of Henry, but, in reality, to be the better enabled to 
thwart the measures of the Regent. At the same time, actuated by that 
spirit of restless policy so peculiar to him, he sent a private invitation to 
France, to Matthew Earl of Lennox, the hereditary and irreconcilable 
enemy of the house of Hamilton, reminding him that the legitimacy of 
the Regent was very questionable ; that the late King had appointed him 
successor to the crown, after his daughter, and that many were ready to 
support his right to the Regency ; adding also, that he knew of no ob- 
stacle that could prevent his obtaining the Queen-mother in marriage. 
He advised him, therefore, to return without delay to Scotland, but to 
endeavour, beforehand, to procure from the French King a supply of 
money and troops. The reasons held out by Beaton to insure the com- 
pliance of Lennox were such as suited his belief and wishes. On the pre- 
sumption that the sentence of divorce obtained by the Regent's father 
against Elizabeth Home was illegal, and the Regent being born during 
her lifetime, Lennox, and the other enemies of the Hamilton name, wished 
him to be considered as illegitimate, and he (Lennox) entitled, as heir of 
line of Elizabeth, daughter of James Lord Hamilton and the Princess, to 
succeed to all the Hamilton estates, the right of succession to the crown, 
and the Regency. 

Unfortunately for his pretensions, the sentence of divorce against Eliza- 
beth Home declared that it was in consequence of her first husband, Sir 
Thomas Hay, who had been several years absent, and was supposed to be 
dead, returning from foreign parts and claiming her as his wife. This 
deed is still extant. The sentence of the ecclesiastical court is confirmed 
by the Pope, and a dispensation is granted to Lord Hamilton to marry 

On the promise of assistance from the French monarch, Lennox re- 
turned to Scotland, where, on his arrival, he was welcomed by Beaton and 


duke of CHA- his party ; and, instigated by them, began to collect troops, and oppose 

TELHERAULT. . r 1 1 t-» 

- the measures or the Regent. 

About the same time the Regent's natural brother, John Hamilton, 
Abbot of Paisley, arrived from France, a man of considerable ability and 
learning, and much esteemed by the Regent ; and, as he was the personal 
friend of the Cardinal, he never ceased until he had effected a reconcilia- 
tion betwixt his brother and that haughty prelate. The Abbot, at the 
same time, performed a piece of real service to the Regent, in prevailing 
on the governor of the Castle of Edinburgh to deliver up that fortress, the 
charge of which was given to James Hamilton of Stanehouse, who did not, 
as will be observed in the sequel, belie the trust reposed in him. 

Meanwhile, the young Queen was crowned, with great magnificence 
and pomp, at Stirling. The Earl of Lennox, who now perceived that the 
Cardinal had only made a tool of him to answer his own political purposes, 
burned with impatience for revenge. While he was secretly preparing 
means for this intent, a supply of arms and ammunition, and a sum of 
money, amounting to 12,000 crowns, sent by the King of France, arrived 
in the Clyde. These he immediately seized, and, hastily collecting his 
vassals and followers, and being joined by the Earls of Angus, Cassillis, and 
Glencairn, the Lords Maxwell, Somerville, and others, by a forced march 
came suddenly upon the Regent and Cardinal, while they were at Leith, 
but slenderly attended, and little expecting such a visit. In this emer- 
gency Beaton's subtle policy was of great service. By his advice, the 
Regent instantly made proposals for an accommodation, which Lennox 
had the weakness to listen to, and a negotiation was commenced. The 
delay this produced proved of the greatest service to the Regent ; for his 
friends, on hearing of the danger, flocked in from all quarters to his as- 
sistance, while the greater part of the followers of Lennox, who, according 
to the feudal usage, served at their own expense, returned homewards ; and, 
from being in a condition to dictate terms, he was now obliged to receive 
them, and a treaty was concluded much to the advantage of the Regent. 

The two parties, thus reconciled, continued for some days together at 
Edinburgh, apparently on the best terms, and afterwards adjourned to 
Linlithgow, from whence Lennox, under the pretence that there was a 
design formed to imprison him, retired suddenly to Glasgow. He forti- 
fied the castle, and summoned his followers and vassals to his assistance, 
determined to make another attempt to retrieve his affairs. He was very 


soon joined by the Earl of Glencairn, the Barons of Tullibardine, Hous- duke of cha. 
ton, Buchanan, Drumquhassel, and others, of the shires of Renfrew and ===== ^ =;=; ^ 
Dumbarton. The Regent lost no time in making head against this new 
attempt to subvert his authority. On the first information of the real de- Pitscottieandiioiiing- 
signs of Lennox, he marched straight to Hamilton, and, having received 
a considerable accession of force, set out for Glasgow. As he approached 
the town, he descried his opponents issuing out, and drawing up in battle 
array upon the common muir a little to the eastward. The two armies 
soon came in sight of each other, and an engagement was inevitable. 
The Regent, commanding the trumpets to sound, advanced in order of 
battle, and the action began with all that fury which is usual in civil 
strife, and when the adherents of two powerful families are opposed 
to each other. After a short and hot contest, the victory fell to the 
troops of the Regent, who drove their antagonists, with great slaughter, 
into the town. The loss fell chiefly on the clergy and the citizens of Glas- 
gow who, on this occasion, showed themselves the most active partizans of 
Lennox. The Master of Glencairn, son of the Earl of that name, and 
Monipenny, who commanded the foot, were among the slain. The Earls 
of Lennox and Glencairn fled in all haste to Dumbarton. The slaughter 
would have been much greater, had not the Regent, when he saw the 
enemy begin to give way, issued orders to slay none but such as resisted. 
On his side no person of condition was killed but one, whom Hollingshed* 
terms " the Baron of Argentine." Entering Glasgow, the Regent be- 
haved with unusual moderation to the citizens, and only fined some of the 
wealthiest, as an example to the others. He laid siege to the Bishop's 
castle and the great tower of the cathedral, which had been fortified, and „• 

was now defended by some of the followers of Lennox. With the assis- 
tance of some hired mercenaries, he commenced battering the place ; and 
the besieged, at the end of a few days, having lost several of their num- 
ber, were glad to capitulate unconditionally. Beaton's bloody disposition 
was here gratified, for, after the Regent's departure, he caused eighteen 
of the garrison to be hanged on the spot. 

* Hollingshed adds, that the Laird of Cambuskeith also fell on the side of the Re- 
gent ; but this appears to be a mistake, as we find the last will and testament of John 
Hamilton of Cambuskeith registered in the Commissary records of Glasgow, of date 
22d January 1547, wherein it is said that he died on the 12th September of the pre- 
ceding year. 


duke or cha- Lennox, who had retired to Dunbar on hearing of the complete subjec- 


' tion of his adherents, and the disastrous state of his affairs, sent the Earl 
of Angus and Lord Maxwell to the Regent for the purpose of once more 
bringing about a reconciliation. These two noblemen found him in the 
monastery of the.Blackfriars at Glasgow, and laid before him the purport 
of their commission. With the advice of his council he sent them priso- 
ners to the Castle of Cadyow. 

These vigorous proceedings convinced Lennox that he had little to ex- 
pect from the clemency of his rival ; and he was preparing to enter Eng- 
land, and solicit an asylum from Henry the Eighth, when an invasion of 
Scotland by that monarch afforded him a temporary relief. 
1544. Henry, whose hasty and jealous temper could ill brook the free and in- 

dependent spirit of the Scottish government, in their renouncing alliance 
with him, and entering into a league with France, hurried on by his resent- 
Robertson, i, loo. ment and thirst of vengeance, employed a body of troops, destined for 
the French wars, to invade Scotland. As soon as the season permitted, 
a numerous and well-appointed army was embarked on board his fleet 
and dispatched for Scotland, while 4000 cavalry (some say G000,) fol- 
lowed by land. On the 3d of May the English fleet appeared in the Frith 
of Forth, and their unexpected arrival spread alarm and consternation in 
the Scottish capital. The following day they landed their troops, took 
possession of Leith, and spoiled the adjacent country. 

The Regent, on this occasion, behaved with a spirit and conduct be- 
coming his high station and the reputation of his ancestors. He dispatched 
messengers in every direction to order forward troops, and, with the few 
that were with him, used every exertion to cover and defend the capital ; 
but, finding himself too weak to cope in the field with the more numerous 
forces of the English, he retired westward to Linlithgow, leaving a select 
garrison in the castle, under the command of his kinsman, James Hamil- 
ton of Stanehouse. 

Two days afterwards the English advanced, and, meeting with no op- 
position, the greater part of the inhabitants having retired, entered the 
city, carrying pillage and devastation wherever they went. Their leader, 
the Earl of Hertford, next laid siege to the castle, which was bravely de- 
fended by the governor, who showed himself worthy of the trust reposed 
in him. After quietly allowing the enemy to take up a position and erect 
their batteries, he commenced firing, and plied them so warmly with his 


artillery from the half-moon, that he soon dismounted their guns, killed a duke of cha- 

, n i ■ ,^!, ■!• . TELHERAULT, 

great number of their men, and forced them to an inglorious retreat, pre- 

vious to which they set fire to the city, the conflagration continuing for 
several days. 

The Regent, in the meantime, having collected a considerable force, 
and being joined by the Earl of Angus and other powerful chiefs, advanced 
to Edinburgh, with the intention of giving battle to the English ; but the 
Earl of Hertford, without waiting for the event, .embarked part of his 
troops on board his fleet, whilst, with the remainder, he commenced a 
rapid and disorderly retreat to Berwick. 

The Earl of Lennox, who had been received with distinction at the 
English court, soon became a great favourite with Henry, who gave him 
in marriage his niece the Lady Margaret Douglas, daughter of the Earl of 
Angus, and his sister the Queen-dowager of Scotland. With all the zeal 
of a new partizan, he prepared to act with vigour in a fresh invasion of his 
native country. At his solicitation a fleet of eighteen stout ships were 
assembled at Bristol. A select number of land forces were put on board, 
and experienced officers to assist him. With this armament he arrived off Hoiiingshed, vol. 

p. 223. 

the Island of Arran, where he landed a party of his men, and, out of re- 
venge to the Regent, who was proprietor, plundered and burnt all the 
houses on the island, and razed the castle to the foundation. He after- 
wards proceeded to the Island of Bute, and took the Castle of Rothsay, 
but was foiled in an attempt to seize the Castle of Dumbarton ; and, after 
several ineffectual attempts to establish a landing on various parts of the 
coast, he returned to Bristol, without having acquired either reputation or 

In the commencement of the following year, the Regent, understanding 1545. 

that a considerable body of English, under the command of Lord Evers 
and Sir Brian Latoun, had made an irruption into the southern counties, Godscroft. 
great part of which they claimed under a deed of gift from Henry the 
Eighth, and were, along with the Earl of Lennox, plundering the adjacent 
parts, hastily set out from Edinburgh, and, being joined by several of the 
border chiefs, with their followers, gave the invaders battle at a place 
called Pennielhaugh, near Jedburgh, on the 17th February, and routed 
them with great slaughter. Lord Evers and Sir Brian Latoun were among 
the slain ; and the Regent, alluding to their pretended claims, observed, 
" that their taking of seisin had been no less unfortunate than unformal." 


duke ov cha- Francis the First, King of France, sent this year a body of troops, under 


the command of Monsieur de Lorges Montgomeri, who, on his arrival, 

Ju ' invested the Regent, the Earls of Angus, Huntley, and Argyle, with the 

order of St Michael. These auxiliaries were little used, except in some 
skirmishes on the borders ; and a peace having been soon afterwards con- 
cluded, they returned to their own country. 

1546. The cruelties and murders perpetrated by Cardinal Beaton, under the 

sanction of a zeal for religion, caused him to be held in almost universal 
detestation ; and a design' to cut him off had been entered into by several 
individuals, some time previously to this ; but it was reserved fof one of his 
most intimate friends to be the minister of vengeance. Norman Leslie, 
eldest son of the Earl of Rothes, was the person. Having received a 
. marked and public insult from the Cardinal, he vowed revenge ; and, in 
the heat of his passion, associating with the above mentioned persons, who 

May -29. only required a leader to direct them to this deed of violence, they seized 

upon the Castle of St Andrew's by surprise, turned out the garrison, and 
most deliberately proceeded to murder the ill-fated Cardinal. 

Lord Hamilton, eldest son of the Regent, was in the castle at the time, 
and this young nobleman the conspirators kept as a hostage for their 
future safety ; and, there being reason to fear that they might deliver him 
up to the English government, for securing its friendship and assistance, a 
14th August 1546. very singular expedient was fallen upon. An act of Parliament was passed, 
by which Lord Hamilton was excluded from all right of succession to the 
Hamilton estates and the crown, during the continuance of his captivity, 
and his brothers were substituted, according to their seniority, and, in 
default of them, the nearest heirs-male of the Regent. The castle was 
besieged, at first unsuccessfully, but afterwards, with the assistance of 
some French troops, it was taken, and the garrison allowed to retire to 
France. The Archbishopric of St Andrew's was bestowed by the Regent 
on his brother the Abbot of Paisley. 

1547. This year the Duke of Somerset, (lately Earl of Hertford,) who, after 

the death of Henry the Eighth, under the name of Protector, assumed the 
administration of the English affairs, resolved to invade Scotland, and 
compel the Scots to agree to the proposed union betwixt his young mas- 
ter, Edward the Sixth, and the Queen of Scots, or bring their country 
under subjection to the English crown. In the beginning of September, 
at the head of 18,000 men, he crossed the borders, and encamped betwixt 


Preston and Tranent, almost on the same ground where, two hundred years duke ok ch 

afterwards, the Highlanders defeated the royal army under Sir John Cope. . 

The Regent had foreseen this invasion, and was prepared for it. He 
ordered the fiery cross, the symbol of invasion, to be sent into every shire, 
for all Scottish men to repair to the national standard, and he was soon at 
the head of a respectable force. — A battle ensued at Pinkie, near Mussel- 
burgh, in which the Scots, who at first had the advantage, were defeated 
with great loss. Several persons of condition were killed, and amongst 
the prisoners was Lord Hamilton ; but the Regent, by his prudence and 
firmness, prevented Somerset from reaping any material advantage, and 
he soon afterwards returned into England. 

The Scots* exasperated more than ever, threw themselves into the arms i548. 

of France, and entered into a treaty, by which their young Queen was Robertson, i. 125. 
betrothed to the Dauphin, and sent to that country* for her education. 
A body of troops was at the same time sent over, under Monsieur D'Essee, 
to assist the Scots. About this time James Hamilton of Stanehouse, go- 
vernor of the castle and provost of Edinburgh, was, alongst with his son, 
killed in a tumult betwixt the French soldiers and the citizens.t On the 

* She was accompanied by the Lords Erslrine and Fleming, by her natural brother 
James, Prior of St Andrew's, and by several other gentlemen. Lady Fleming, her 
natural aunt, was appointed her governess, and she had, for maids of honour and 
companions, four young ladies of the name of Mary, the daughters of the houses of 
Livingston, Fleming, Seton, and Beaton of Balfour. At this period she was scarcely 
six years of age. 

j- After the attack upon Haddington, wherein they failed, the French retreated to 
Edinburgh, and were quartered in and about the Canongate, — the inhabitants, accord- 
ing to Buchanan, refusing to admit them into the city. It happened that a French 
soldier delivered a culverin to one George Tod, a gunsmith, to be stocked, who, car- 
rying it through the street, met another Frenchman, who claimed it as his property. 
Tod refusing to yield it, a- scuffle ensued between them, and some of each nation, 
drawn by the noise, took part, each with their countryman. The French were beaten 
off, and driven from the Cross, where the affray first commenced, a considerable way 
down the High Street. The Provost, being upon the street at the time, caused two 
of the most forward of the French to be apprehended, and was conveying them to the 
Tolbooth, when he was assaulted by above sixty of then- countrymen with drawn swords. 
The citizens, quickly assembling to assist their Provost, repulsed them to the Nether- 
bow Port, with the intention of driving them out of the city ; but a fresh reinforce- 
ment of Frenchmen coming to assist their countrymen, gave them the superiority, 
and they overpowered the citizens. The Provost, his son James Hamilton, and five 
persons of note, were slain in this tumult. 


duke of cha- 8th February this year, the Regent was created, by Henry the Second, 
.' — Duke of Chatelherault, in the province of PcJitou, in France. The French 
King, at the same time, made a solemn recognition of the act of settle- 
ment, fixing the succession of the crown upon the Regent and his heirs.* 
The war continued, with various success to both sides, but chiefly to 
the advantage of the Scots, until the commencement of the year 1550, 
when a treaty was concluded on the £Ath March, by which peace between 
the two nations was reestablished on its ancient foundation. 
1550. We come now to that remarkable period of the Regent's life, — his re- 

signation of the Regency and retiring to a private station. The Queen- 
mother, Mary of Guise, after the untimely death of her husband, beheld, 
with the utmost disquietude and resentment, the elevation of the Earl of 
Arran to the Regency, — a dignity which the rights of his family, the 
ancient usage of the nation, and the public voice, equally called him to. 
Though disappointed in her views at that time, she never lost sight of this, 
the great and sole object of her ambition, nor ceased to concert measures 
for attaining it ; and, so early as 1545, with the assistance of her friends 
and a few confederate lords, enemies of the Regent and his house, she 

In the Charier- Room * Two letters are still extant, of promise made by Henry the Second of France, to 
his cousin the Regent, Duke of Chatelherault, signed by the King, and countersigned 
by De Laybespine, and confirmed under the great seal of France. 

The first promise, that the government of Scotland should be secured to the Regent 
during his life and the Queen's minority, dated April 28, 1548. The second, that, 
in case of the Queen's death without issue, the crown should devolve to the Regent, 
as next in succession, and his heirs, whom the King of France and his successors 
should be obliged to acknowledge, defend, and maintain in peaceable possession of 
that crown and kingdom against all enemies; — dated June 17, 1549. 

There are two ratifications of that last promise, both of one date, under the same 
seal, — the one by Henry the Second himself, winch is signed and countersigned, as 
stated above, — the other by his son the Dauphin, signed " Francoys ;" and, in the 
reply, " Par Monseigneur le Dauphin ;" — dated April 19, 1558. 

There is likewise a paper inscribed to Louis the Fourteenth, King of France, con- 
cerning the Duchy of Chatelherault, which his predecessor granted to the Regent, 
Earl of Arran, and to his heirs ; — the original patent of that Duchy, dated 8th Fe- 
bruary 1548; — the consecpient brevets and ordinaries of Henry's successors; — and 
his letters of naturalization, making the Regent and his heirs denizens of France, as 
if they had been born there. There is, in like manner, the letter relative to the in- 
tended marriage of his cousin, the Princess de Montpensier, with the Regent's eldest 
son, the Earl of Arran, dated 28th April 1548. 


attempted, by summoning a mock Parliament at Stirling, to deprive him of duke of cha- 
his authority, which, by his prudence and firmness, he defeated. ===.-= 

Stimulated by her brothers of the house of Guise, to whom she was 
wholly devoted, the Queen-mother continued her operations, but in a more 
covert and politic manner. Keeping, in appearance, on the best terms 
with the Regent, but secretly devising means to accomplish her purpose, 
she paid the greatest attention to all those lords who favoured the re- 
formed religion, conversed with the preachers, affected to hear their dis- 
courses with attention, and gave them the most lively hopes of her future 
countenance and indulgence, in the event of her acquiring the supreme 
direction of affairs. Having thus paved the way, and brought every thing 
to a proper train in Scotland, she embarked for France, towards the end 
of this year, accompanied by several French officers and some of the Scot- 
tish nobility. She solicited and obtained the aid of Henry the Second ; 
and that monarch, though he saw how suitable it was for his own interests 
that she should be raised to the Regency, was yet averse to use coercive 
measures. He wished that the resignation of the Duke of Chatelherault 
should be voluntary ; and he dispatched to Scotland two of that noble- 
man's intimate friends, who happened to be then in Paris, Panter, Bishop | 
of Ross, and Sir Robert Carnegie, to endeavour to prevail on him to resign 
the Regency. At the same time, his eldest son, the Earl of Arran, who 
was then in France, was made captain of the Scottish guards, and posts 
and preferments were liberally bestowed on many of his relations. The 
parliamentary acknowledgment of his right of succession to the crown, 
and the ratification of his public conduct, were at the same time offered 
him ; and the Regent, who well knew that, through the exertions of 
his enemies, and the intrigues of the Queen-mother, a strong party 
was formed in the kingdom, which might become extremely formidable 
to his power, hearkened to these proposals, and entered into a nego- 

His brother the Archbishop of St Andrew's, who never neglected any 
opportunity of advancing the interest and dignity of his house, lay at this 
time under the influence of a dangerous and lingering malady. He was at 
the point of death when the celebrated Cardan, more venerated by pos- 
terity for his knowledge in natural philosophy and medicine than for his 
skill in astrology and magic, two sciences which at that time caused him 
to be revered and consulted by all Europe, arrived in Scotland, and, by 


duke of cha- his judicious treatment of the disease, soon restored him to health; and 
' the first exertions of the Archbishop were to prevail on his brother to break 

IW1 ' off the negotiation. Meantime, the Queen-mother returned to Scotland, 

secretly rejoicing in the success of her schemes, and calculating on taking 
immediate possession of the Regency. Her surprise was great, and her 
indignation boundless, when she was apprized of this new turn of affairs ; 
but she was constrained to vent her complaints in private, and dissemble 
her resentment. 
1554. The Regent kept his station for three years after this, until the young 

Queen, having entered the twelfth year of her age, and claiming a right 
to nominate whom she pleased to the Regency, avowed her wish of placing 
her mother in that high and important trust. This, combined with other 
causes, determined the Duke of Chatelherault to resign his authority. He 
stipulated for, and obtained the same advantages, before held out to him. 
In a Parliament held at Edinburgh, on the 1 0th April this year, the Duke 
resigned the government into the hands of the Queen-mother, and the 
Castle of Edinburgh into the hands of Lord Erskine ; he himself at the 
same time obtaining the governorship of the Castle of Dumbarton. 

The first measures of the Queen-regent were viewed with great distrust 
by the nation ; and, to regain her popularity, she spared no pains in con- 
ciliating the leaders of the reformed ; and, still further to strengthen her 
authority, she prevailed upon the Parliament, which assembled towards 

1557. the end of this year, to send eight deputies to attend the nuptials of her 
Robertson, i. 156. daughter with the Dauphin of France. In their instructions, which were 

drawn up with great care, every precaution was used in securing and pre- 
serving the rights of the house of Hamilton in the succession to the crown, 
in the event of the Queen's having no issue. 

1558. The marriage was celebrated with all the pomp and magnificence be- 
fitting the union of two such illustrious personages ; and, some time after- 
wards, the Scottish Parliament granted the Dauphin, at his solicitation, 
the crown-matrimonial, notwithstanding all the opposition of the Duke 
of Chatelherault, the Archbishop of St Andrew's, and the friends of their 

1559. The Queen-regent, who had hitherto favoured, now became the per- 
secutor of all those who professed 'the reformed faith. To this measure 
she was instigated by her brothers of the house of Guise, and the Catholic 
princes, who aimed at nothing less than the extirpation of the reformed 


religion throughout Europe. To her attempts to crush the seeds of the duke of cha- 

„ f ••nil -.i t ii TELHEUAULT. 

Reformation in Scotland, are we to attribute those disputes, and that op- 

position to her power, which finally led to the establishment by law of the 
Protestant religion. It caused the leaders of the reformed to unite the 
more firmly together, as the danger became greater. By their wisdom, 
prudence, and firmness, they at length triumphed, and procured the Par- 
liamentary acknowledgment of their rights as freemen. To these worthy 
patriots, the first assertors of civil and religious liberty, do we chiefly owe 
the blessings we now enjoy. 

The Duke of Chatelherault had for some time observed, with concern, 
the violent and arbitrary measures of the Queen-regent, and, in a confe- Robertson, i. 192. 
rence with the Lords of the Congregation, he agreed to join them. In this 
resolution he was further confirmed by the representations of his son the 
Earl of Arran. That young nobleman had been, as before observed, pro- 
moted to the command of the Scottish Guards, since which time he had 
chiefly resided in France. He there imbibed the principles of the reformed 
religion, and boldly avowed his sentiments in a court, at that time the most 
bigoted in Europe. One day, being in company with the Duke of Guise, 

the conversation turning on the doctrines of the reformed faith, the Earl . . 

expressed himself too freely in their favour. This was not forgotten ; for, 
in addition to those who had been already condemned by the church, and 
delivered up to the flames as guilty of heresy, " the Princes of Lorraine Robertson's History 
resolved to select, for a sacrifice, one whose fall might convince all ranks p. ioa. 
of men that neither splendour of birth nor eminence in station could ex- 
empt from punishment those who should be guilty of this unpardonable 
transgression. The Earl of Arran was the person destined to be the un- 
happy victim. As he was allied to one throne, and the presumptive heir to 
another ; as he possessed the first rank in his own country, and enjoyed an 
honourable station in France, — his condemnation could not fail of making 
the desired impression on the whole kingdom. But the Cardinal of Lor- 
raine, having let fall some expressions which roused the Earl's suspicions 
of the design, he escaped the intended blow by a timely flight." 

He fled by the way of Geneva,.. ait that time the general resort of those 
who professed the reformed faith ; . and, meeting with J\4r Randolph, the 
English minister there, he returned with him, by the north of Germany, 
to England, and was introduced at the court of Queen Elizabeth, by whom ^^ 
he was received with much distinction. Foreseeing that a 'lobleman of 



duke of cha- his rank and talents would be of great service to the Lords of the Con- 


— gregation, she prevailed on him, already sufficiently inclined, to lend his 

assistance to their cause ; and, after a short stay at her court, he pur- 
sued his route homewards. The Queen-regent, instigated by her French 
advisers, laid a plan to intercept him on his entrance into Scotland, 
which coming to the ears of the Duke, his father, he sent a special mes- 
senger to Sir James Crofts, governor of Berwick, requesting immediate 
information of his son's arrival, and begging that he would give him a 
safe escort. The Earl, on reaching Berwick, was so impatient to proceed 
to Hamilton, that Sir James sent him across the Tweed after sunset, at- 
tended by a trusty person, who accompanied him along the south side of 
the Cheviot hills, until, having entered Tweeddale, they met, by appoint- 
ment, an intimate friend of the Earl, who conveyed him safely to Ha^ 

He found his cousin, the Earl of Argyle, and the Prior of St Andrew's, 
on a visit to his father, to whom he imparted his fixed resolution of joining 
the Lords of the Congregation ; and the representations of these two 
noblemen, joined with his own, decided the Duke to follow the same 
course. Along with the Earl and the Prior, he set out for Stirling, where 
the Lords of the Congregation had taken up their residence, and offered 
his assistance in the common cause. He was most cordially welcomed ; 
and a few of their number accompanied him back to Hamilton, to confer 
with his father on the present state of their affairs. 

The Duke embarked most heartily in favour of the Congregation, and 
continued to employ all his power and influence in support of its mea- 
sures ; and the Earl of Arran distinguished himself in various encounters 
with the troops of the Regent. The Lords of the Congregation, though 
generally successful, found it necessary, in the course of this year, to enter 
into a treaty with Queen Elizabeth, by which she furnished a body of 
troops, who, on their arrival, laid siege to Leith. Previously to this the 
Queen-regent, whose health had been gradually declining, retired into the 
Castle of Edinburgh, where shortly afterwards, during the course of the 
siege, she expired. Having foreseen this event, she called the Duke, and 
several other Lords of the Congregation, about her bed, and acknowledged 
the errors of her administration, and intreated their forgiveness. 
1560. ^^ On the 6th July 1560, a treaty of peace was agreed to, advantageous to 
the Scots, in which the question of religion was left to the decision of their 


own Parliament ; and the French and English troops in a few days retired duke of cha- 

i • ,- , • /~w ,i . , j? a ti v TELHERAULT. 

to their respective countries. On the 1st or August, a Parliament as- , ,,,-, Ml , 

sembled at Edinburgh, which, amongst other proceedings, recognised the 
reformed faith as the established religion of the land. 

The Earl of Morton and Glencairn, and Maitland of Lethington, were Robert, i. 239, 2ca 
at the same time sent as ambassadors to Elizabeth ; and part of their in- 
structions was, to represent to her that the Scottish people, sensible of the 
great advantages they enjoyed from their connexion with England, were 
desirous of rendering the bonds of amity between the two nations peiv 
petual ; and, for this purpose, besought her to accept of the Earl of Arran 
as her husband, who was of the royal blood, and, after Queen Mary, un- 
doubted heir to the Scottish crown. If ever Elizabeth entertained any 
preference for this nobleman, she seemed now to have entirely relinquish- 
ed it, or she was averse to admitting a sharer in the sovereign power ; for, 
with many professions of good will to the Scottish nation, and respect and 
esteem for the Earl, she declined the proposal. 

Towards the end of this year, the feeble and effeminate Francis, the 
husband of Queen Mary, died at Paris, it is said of an imposthume in his 
ear. The young Queen returned to Scotland the following year, and is- 

landed at Leith on the 19th August, where she was received by her sub- 
jects with the most affectionate marks of attachment and reverence, and 
immediately took up her residence at Holyroodhouse. Immediately on 
landing, the nobility and gentry hastened to pay their respects to their 
sovereign, and, among the first, were the Duke of Chatelherault and the 
Earl of Arran ; but Mary received her two kinsmen with coolness and dis- *■■ 
trust. Her uncles of the house of Guise, who could never forgive the 
Duke and his son for their active and zealous opposition to their design of 
rendering Scotland a province of France, had infused into the mind of 
their niece a strong aversion towards the family. This was further increas- 
ed by the envy or the enmity of her natural brother Lord James Stewart, 
Prior of St Andrew's, now high in her confidence, and who dreaded the 
power and influence of the Hamiltons. The Duke, naturally fond of 
retirement, soon left the court, and went to reside on his estates, and did 
not, for several years after this, interfere much in public affairs. 

George, Lord Gordon, the eldest son of the Earl of Huntley, was mar- «* 1562. 
ried to Lady Ann Hamilton, second daughter of the Duke of Chatelhe- 
rault. After the battle of Corrichie, fought in November this year, where 


duke of cha- hi s father fell, and which led to the execution of his brother Sir John 


- — Gordon, and the attainder of his family, he fled for safety to his father-in- 

law, who protected him ; but the Queen, requiring him to be delivered up, 
he was, on assurance of his life made to the Duke, sent to Edinburgh, 
from whence he was committed prisoner to the Castle of Dunbar. 

1363. The Duke attended the Parliament this year, the first held since the 

Queen's return ; at the same time he was made one of her privy council. 

1.564. Towards the end of the year 1564, the Earl of Lennox, so long an exile 

in England, returned home. Queen Mary, who had solicited his recal, 
aware of the hereditary enmity between the two families, employed all her 
influence to effect a reconciliation betwixt him and the Duke of Chatel- 

1565. herault, which she happily accomplished. — Her marriage with Darnley fol- 

lowed, and, though approved of by some of the nobles, and passively ac- 
quiesced in by the majority of the nation, yet proved far from being 
agreeable to several of the most considerable men in the kingdom. The 
Earls of Argyle, Glencairn, Murray, Rothes, and others, met the Duke at 
Stirling, to concert measures, if possible, to prevent the marriage. Mary's 
indignation at their opposition was extreme. She immediately sent a body 
of troops against them, and they, finding themselves unable to face the 
storm, retired for the present into Argyllshire. 
August 15. The marriage, in the interim, having taken place, they again assembled 

at Ayr, with their friends and followers ; and, hearing that the King and 
Queen were preparing to march for the west, they advanced to Paisley, 
and from thence to Hamilton, keeping the high road by Rutherglen, in 
Crawford's Memoirs, number about a thousand horse, and within view of the royal forces lying- 
in Glasgow. The next day the King and Queen, at the head of five 
thousand horse, set out for Hamilton, but, when they arrived within a 
short distance of that place, they got notice that the Lords had departed 
early in the morning for Edinburgh, whereupon they returned to Glas- 

The Lords, on their arrival at Edinburgh, endeavoured to increase 

iwd. their forces ; but, finding themselves disappointed in this, they returned 

to Hamilton by the way of Lanark, and from thence continued their route 
for Dumfries. Here they remained until the beginning of October, when 
the King and Queen advancing against them, they rode to Ednam ; and, 
finding all attempts at an accommodation ineffectual, they retired into 
England, and were well received at Carlisle by the Earl of Bedford, Eliza- 


beth's lieutenant on the borders, who assigned Newcastle-upon-Tyne as duke of cha. 

, • i ^ ■ i -r*,- i t i ! i .i ii- TELHEHAULT. 

their place or residence. Elizabeth, though she gave them no public coun- . -»a.-- , ■ ■- -, .--- 

tenance, yet privately sent instructions to Bedford to omit nothing that 
could render their retreat agreeable. 

Some short time after his arrival at Newcastle, the Duke sent his kins- 
man, the Abbot of Kilwinning, to Mary, who, notwithstanding Darnley's 
opposition, agreed to receive him into favour, provided he retired to 
France. He was allowed, however, to return to Scotland for a short 
period, to arrange his private affairs- 

As the time drew nigh for the Queen's delivery, — with the advice of her '566. 

privy council, she made choice of the Castle of Edinburgh as the most 
commodious place for the safety and security of her person. The Earl of 
Arran, who, on account of a mental malady, had been confined in that 
fortress since the year 1562, was allowed to retire to Hamilton, with liberty 
to travel for a short space around his residence, — the Earls of Murray 
and Glencairn becoming security that he would enter himself, on twenty 
days' notice, in the castles either of Edinburgh, Dunbar, or Dumbarton. 

The following year Lord John Hamilton, the second son of the Duke, 1567 - 

sat as one of the jury, which met to try the Earl of Bothwell, accused of 
the murder of Darnley. His acquittal necessarily followed, there being 
no evidence whatever brought against him. 

During the Duke's absence in France, most important events had oc- 
curred in Scotland. Mary's criminal marriage with Bothwell was not long 1568> 
after followed by his exile, and her deposition from the sovereign power 
and imprisonment in Lochleven Castle. The confederated nobles, who 
had deprived Mary of her crown, raised the Earl of Murray to the Re- 
gency. This was naturally considered, by the friends of the house of 
Hamilton, as an injury done to the Duke of Chatelherault, who, as first 
prince of the blood, had an undoubted right to that high office. Mary 
herself was of the same opinion ; and she commissioned the Earl of Argyle 
and the Abbot of Kilwinning to represent to the confederated Lords, 
that the coronation of her son, and the elevation of Murray, were against 
her consent, and that the Duke of Chatelherault was the proper person 
entitled to fill the office of Regent. The Lords, in reply, stated, that the 
Duke's absence in foreign parts was a sufficient reason for his non-election. 

Meanwhile, a party was gradually forming in the kingdom extremely 
favourable to Mary's interests ; and, while her friends were deliberating 


duke of cha- about obtainina - her liberty, she herself effected it in a manner wholly un- 


===== expected.* 

On her escape from Lochleven, she proceeded to Hamilton, where she 
was most gladly welcomed ; and, whilst her friends and adherents were 
assembling from all quarters for her defence, she took up her residence in 
the Castle of Craignethan.t 
May 13. Eleven days after her escape, her army began its march, with the in- 

tention of escorting her to Dumbarton Castle, but was met on the road at 
Langsyde, by the troops of the Regent, and, after a short but hot con- 
test, routed with great loss. Amongst the prisoners taken on this occa- 
sion were several gentlemen of the name of Hamilton.!: Queen Mary 

* By frequently conversing with George Dotiglas, brother to the Laird of Loch- 
leven, she easily discovered his weak side, and that, of all his failings, love of money 
was the chief. A considerable sum in gold and jewels, and the promise of more when 
she recovered her freedom, when offered by a handsome woman, were proposals too 
powerful for his resolution, and he agreed to sacrifice the interests of his brother, and 
assist in her escape. By his means she communicated her intentions to her friends ; 
and her letters were intrusted to one James Beaton, who contrived to pass several 
times unsuspected betwixt Lochleven and Hamilton. 

Sunday, the 2d of May, was the day fixed upon as the fittest for their purpose. 
Whilst his brother was at supper, and the family retired to their devotions, Douglas 
employed an accomplice to steal the kej r s from his brother's chamber. On opening 
the gates, Mary ran with precipitation to the boat which had been prepared for her, 
whilst Douglas, the better to elude discovery, after making all fast behind him, threw 
Secret Memoirs of the keys into the lake. One thing was remarkable in their flight : One of the maids 
Queen Mary. Q f i, 0n0U1 . having, hy some accident in the hurry, been left in her chamber, and being 

unable to get out by the gate, which was already locked, threw herself out of the win- 
dow, without receiving the least hurt or bruise, though it was a great height from the 

Lord Seton, and James Hamilton of Ruchbank, with a select body of horsemen, 
well armed, came by different roads to the place of rendezvous, and lay about half an 
hour in a little obscure bay, impatiently expecting the boat from the castle, which at 
length appeared, with the Queen and her maids, rowed by Douglas and his confidant. 
On landing, Mary instantly mounted on horseback, and rode full speed towards Niddrie 
Seton, Lord Seton's house in West Lothian, where, halting but three hours, she set 
out for Hamilton, and, travelling at the same pace, arrived there next morning. 

f It has been conjectured by many, that the author of " The Tales of my Land- 
lord" had this castle in his eye, when he drew the description of the Castle of Tillie- 
tudlem, the resemblance in many points is so striking. 

X For a full, and, as it appears to me, a correct description of this battle, see Ro- 
bertson 1 s edition of Crawford's History of Renfrewshire, p. 272. 


herself fled from the field, and, continuing her route with unabated speed, duke of cha- 
reached the Abbey of Dundrennan in Galloway, from whence she em- ' 

barked for England, to throw herself on the generosity of her relation 
Elizabeth,— a rash and fatal step, and which she had afterwards much 
cause to regret, as productive of great calamity. 

The day after the battle, the Regent, with five hundred horse, went to Crawford's Memoirs. 
Hamilton, when the Castle of Cadyow was rendered to him ; and so 
great was the terror produced by this defeat, that the greater part of the 
inhabitants of Clydesdale fled from their habitations, leaving the country 
deserted. The Regent, on his arrival at Edinburgh, resolved to proceed 
with rigour against his prisoners. Seven gentlemen of distinction, three 
of them the Hamiltons of Innerwick, Kincavel, and Bothwellhaugh, were 
tried and condemned to death ; but, as they were led out to execution, 
some of the reformed clergy used their mediation to save their lives, and 
they were remitted back to prison. The other gentlemen of the name of 
Hamilton were sent to different places of confinement, whilst, of the other 
prisoners, some were let out upon bail, or got off by paying a fine. 

A Parliament having been summoned to be held at Edinburgh in the 
beginning of August, the principal intention of which was to forfault all 
those who refused to acknowledge the King and Regent's authority, the 
Queen's Lords who, though dispersed, were not broken, resolved if pos- 
sible to prevent the meeting. As the time drew nigh, Lord Claud Ha- 
milton met the Earl of Argyle and others, at the head of their respective 
forces, at Glasgow, where the Earl of Huntley was also to have joined 
them from the north with a body of troops. Murray would probably have 
found it extremely difficult to have withstood their united forces ; but, on 
this occasion, he did not try the fortune of arms, for he plied Queen Eliza- 
beth so assiduously, that, at her request, the Queen of Scots sent orders 
to her friends to lay down their arms, and desist from hostilities, until 
such time as her affairs in England, which were in a fair train, were 
brought to an adjustment. This measure was of great service to Murray. 

The arrival of the Duke of Chatelherault in England, on his way to isco. 

Scotland, where his rank, as first nobleman in the kingdom, his great fa- 
mily influence, and his presence, which would greatly encourage the 
Queen's friends, were just causes of dread and alarm to the Regent. The 
pretensions and demands of the Duke were not calculated to allay his 
fears. He claimed the Regency as his right by blood, and as agreeable to 




the ancient usage of the kingdom. He solicited the assistance of Eliza- 
beth ; but that politic princess, who recollected how steadily he had 
defended the honour and integrity of his country, and who preferred the 
Earl of Murray, as best suiting her purposes, declined giving him any 
countenance ; whilst the Regent, dreading his presence in Scotland, ex- 
erted all his influence with Elizabeth to have him detained in England ; 
but, though she tried this under various pretences, she was at length 
obliged to allow him to depart. 
Crawford's Memoirs. He arrived in Scotland towards the end of February, attended by Lord 
Herries and the Abbot of Kilwinning ; and, in virtue of a commission 
from Queen Mary, constituting him Lieutenant-general of the kingdom, 
began to assemble his friends and raise forces. The Regent lost no time 
in drawing together a body of troops, with which he marched to Glasgow, 
resolving to crush his antagonists before they could collect in sufficient 
force to oppose him. As the Duke's attempts at raising a force to uphold 
his authority were unsuccessful, so many of his kinsmen having suffered 
from the unfortunate issue of Langsyde, and as he knew Murray was 
willing to come to an accommodation, he sent the Archbishop of St An- 
drew's to Glasgow, through whose means a meeting took place between 
the two chiefs, and the Duke agreed to resign his pretensions as lieutenant- 
general for the Queen, and acknowledge the King's authority; the Re- 
gent, on his part, binding himself to get the forfeiture taken off all those 
who had supported the Queen's interest, their estates to be restored, and 
to call a convention, to be held at Edinburgh on the 10th April, to settle 
all differences. For the faithful performance of this treaty hostages were 
given, and, in the meantime, the Duke, the Earl of Cassillis, and Lord 
Herries, set out for Stirling, on a visit to the young King, where they 
were splendidly entertained by the Regent and his friends. 

The Regent, on his return to Edinburgh, courting popularity, or tired 
of detaining them longer in custody, dismissed all the prisoners taken at 
Langsyde, having first taken security for their good behaviour and appear- 
ance when called upon. One of their number, James Hamilton of Both- 
wellhaugh, had, some time previously, effected his escape, and at this 
time lived retired amongst his friends. 

As the time drew nigh for the meeting of the convention at Edinburgh, 
the Duke and his friends, confiding in the promises of personal security 
made to them by the Regent, went thither to attend it. They had been 


in Edinburgh but a few days, when Murray, on the pretence that they duke of cha. 

i-ii- n 11 i-- 1 ^ tit. TKLHEKAULT. 

were engaged in the design formed about this time by Queen Mary s 

English friends to set her at liberty and reestablish her authority, ordered 
his guards to seize the Duke and Lord Hemes, and, in defiance of all 
law and his solemn promise, committed them prisoners to the Castle of 

Such a flagrant act of injustice aroused the indignation of the whole of 
the Hamiltons, who saw, in the imprisonment of their chief, their own in- 
security and disgrace. They considered this step of the Regent as an 
insult offered to them all ; and it the more keenly recalled to their me- 
mories the many injuries they had already sustained at his hands. Their 
devastated fields, ruined parks and orchards, and the ashes of their burnt 
dwellings, still stared them in the face, and curses, not loud but deep, 
were vented on his head. But from them he would have always remained 
secure from personal violence : It was the despair and the vengeance of 
one man which effected his destruction. 

James Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, as before observed, had been con- 
demned to death by the Regent, but pardoned at the intercession of the 
clergy. Having afterwards effected his escape, he continued to lurk 
amongst his friends, and was the only one of all the gentlemen taken at 
Langsyde against whom the act of forfeiture remained in full force. When 
his paternal estate of Bothwellhaugh was confiscated, his wife, who had Robertson, 
continued to remain there, not thinking that her husband's forfeiture 
could affect her own inheritance, being co-heiress of "Woodhouselee in 
Mid-Lothian, went to this latter place to reside. This estate had been 
asked and obtained of the Regent by one of his favourites, Sir James Bel- 
lenden, Lord Justice-Clerk ; and, on his representation, Murray sent some 
officers to Woodhouselee, who took possession of the house, and turned 
the unfortunate lady, not in very good health at the time, naked, in a cold 
dark night, into the open fields, where, before day, she became furiously 
mad. The enormity of this latter provocation, added to the injuries he 
had already sustained, wound up the resentment of the husband to the 
highest pitch, and he resolved to be revenged. He made no secret of, 
but openly avowed his purpose, and watched the Regent's motions for 
some time, but always missed an opportunity of striking the blow. 

He chose at length Linlithgow, through which he knew his enemy Jan - 23 ; 
must pass on his way from Stirling to Edinburgh, as the most proper 



duke of CHA- place to gratify his revenge. He took his station in a wooden gallery, 
- which fronted the principal street of the town, spread a large feather bed 

on the floor that the noise of his feet might not be heard, and hung up a 
black cloth opposite the back window that his shadow might not be ob- 
served from without. His next care was to cut a hole a little below the 
lattice sufficient to admit the point of his arquebuss ; and, to add to the 
security of his flight, he examined the gate at the back of the house, and, 
finding it too low for a man to pass under on horseback, with the assist- 
ance of his servant he removed the lintel, and kept his horse in the stable 
ready saddled and bridled. After all these preparations, he calmly and 
deliberately awaited the approach of the Regent, who had slept the pre- 
ceding night in the town. 

The threats of Bothwellhaugh had reached the ears of that nobleman, 
and hints of his present danger had been communicated to him, and he 
had resolved in consequence to take the road which led round the outside 
of the town ; but after mounting his horse, observing the gate through 
which he meant to return very much crowded, he wheeled the other way, 
and, as he went along the street, which, according to the fashion of the 
age, was very narrow, the throng of people increased so much, that he was 
obliged to move very slowly, or indeed almost stood still, opposite the 
gallery where Bothwellhaugh was stationed, who, having time to take a 
deliberate aim, marked for his belt, and shot him with a single bullet 
through the lower part of his belly, killing at the same time the horse of 
a gentleman who rode on the other side. 

Bothwellhaugh instantly got on horseback, and, before the Regent's 
followers could force the house, was already far on his way. Part of their 
Bjnei's Diary. number pursued him for several miles, " and, when whip and spur failed 
him, coming to a broad ditch, he drew his dagger and struck his horse 
behind, which made him leap across, and so escaped his enemies, and got 
safe to Hamilton."* 

After a short stay at Hamilton, this fierce and determined man went to 
France, where, according to De Thou, an attempt was made to engage 

* The night he left Hamilton, after he had shot Murray, he sought refuge with his 
brother-in-law, James Muirhead of Lauchope, who received and sheltered him, and 
accompanied him on his way the day following. His pursuers, hearing he had stopped 
at the house of Lauchope, rifled and burnt it to the ground. 


him to assassinate the famous protestant chief, Admiral Coligni. But they duke of cha- 
completely mistook his character ; — he was no mercenary dealer in blood, 

and he rejected the offer with indignation and scorn. De Thou says, Histoid de De ti.ou 
" Et parce qu'on le croyoit hardy, lors que l'on le sollicita, par vne recom- 
pense, d'entreprendre la mesme chose contre 1' Admiral Gaspartde Coligny, 
il repondit hardiment, qu'il n'estoit point venu d'Ecosse en France comme 
meurtrier a gage ; qu'il avoit fait ce qu'il auroit fait par vne resentiment 
violent, d'vne iuste doleur, mais il se repentoit ; et, qu' au reste, il ne se- 
rois jamais le vangeur d'autruy, ni par priere ni par recompense." 

After a meeting, and a fruitless attempt to reconcile the two parties 
and elect another Regent, they separated, and agreed to meet again on 
the 1st of May. 

In the meantime Kirkaldy, governor of the Castle of Edinburgh, con- 
sidering himself as no longer justified in detaining the Duke of Chatelhe- 
rault and Lord Hemes, set them both at liberty. 

These two noblemen had a meeting with the other chiefs of the Queen's 
party at Niddry-Seton towards the end of March, the result of which was, 
that they all assembled, with their friends and followers, at Linlithgow, 
about the middle of April, and marched to Edinburgh, the citizens con- 
senting to admit them, and the governor of the Castle espousing their 
cause. The adherents of the late Regent, or the King's friends, as they 
were termed, witnessed with dismay the defection of some of their best 
friends ; and they were so reduced, that they must soon have yielded to 
the superior ascendency of their adversaries, when, fortunately for them, 
Queen Elizabeth stepped in to their assistance. By her orders the Earl of 
Sussex, her lieutenant in the north, assembled, in the beginning of the 
following year, an army on the borders, under pretence of punishing isto. 

Scot of Buccleugh and Ker of Farnihairst, who had made several irrup- 
tions into England. He crossed the borders and laid waste the adjacent 
counties with fire and sword, and at the same time sent Sir William Drury 
and the Earl of Lennox with a thousand foot, five hundred horse, and 
some field pieces, and these, being joined on the road by a considerable 
body of the King's adherents, advanced towards Edinburgh. 

The citizens, alarmed and dreading to encounter the horrors of a siege, 
earnestly besought the Queen's lords to retire. The Duke and his friends, 
not deeming it prudent to remain in a city, the inhabitants of which were 
either lukewarm or disaffected to the cause, retired to Linlithgow, and 


dukk ©f ciiA- published a proclamation, asserting the Queen's authority, and enioining; 

TUU1KRAULT. ... , , JO 

. the lieges to obey none other but her lieutenants, the Duke, and the Earls 
of Argyle and Huntly. 

Sir William Drury, after taking possession of Edinburgh, proceeded 
westwards, — the Queen's lords, whose forces were considerably reduced, 
retiring before him to Glasgow, the castle of which place, defended by 
some of the partizans of Lennox, they invested, but, on the approach of 
the English troops, they dispersed different ways, some of the lords going 
to the north, whilst the Duke went with the Earl of Argyle into his 
country. After a short stay at Glasgow, the English troops marched for 
Hamilton, and summoned the Castle of Cadyow. The captain, Arthur 
Hamilton of Merritoun, refusing to yield, batteries were erected, and, at the 
end of two days, he agreed to surrender, on condition that the lives of the 
garrison should be spared. The English ordered it to be dismantled and 
set on fire. The Duke's palace and the town of Hamilton were treated 
in the same way, nor was a single house belonging to any of the gentle- 
Crawford's Memoirs, men of the name in Clydesdale spared. " And that these honest patriots," 
says Crawford, " might be heartily humbled, not so much as the trees 
and stackyards belonging to an Hamilton escaped their fury." On thra." 
return towards Edinburgh, they burnt the houses of the Lords Fleming 
and Livingston, and wasted their lands ; they also burnt the Duke's lodg- 
ing in the town of Linlithgow and his house at Kinniel. The houses of 
Peel, Binny, Pardovan, Kincavel, and the chapel of Livingstone, shared 
the same fate. 

Supported by the influence of Elizabeth, the Earl of Lennox was elected 
Regent, in a convention held on the 12th July ; and, elated by the pros- 
perous appearance of his affairs, and his successes in the north over the 
Earl of Huntly, as well as by the countenance of an English army which, 
under the Earl of Sussex, hovered on the borders, he proclaimed the Duke 
of Chatelherault, the Earls of Huntly and Argyle, and the other leaders 
of the Queen's party, traitors and enemies to their country. At the same 
time he sent a body of three hundred horse to Hamilton, who seized upon 
the Duke's plate and household furniture, and sold the same at the mar- 
ket-cross of Linlithgow, the money arising from which he appropriated to 
his own use. 

In some measure to retaliate for this, an attempt was made by Lord 
Claud Hamilton, one of the most enterprising of the loyalist chiefs, to 


surprise the Regent in Callender wood, on his way from Stirling to Edin- duke of cha- 

, , , ,, ,. .,.. ./>,,. ■, TELHEKALLT. 

burgh ; but the latter having received intimation of the design, staid so 

long at Stirling, that Lord Claud, tired of waiting, returned to Hamilton. 
This spirited nobleman next attacked and drove Lord Sempill from the 
Abbey of Paisley, and placed a garrison in it. This place was of little ad- 
vantage to either party ; but the Regent, unwilling to allow any success to 
the Hamiltons, hastened to Glasgow, collected together a body of troops, 
and laid siege to it. The small garrison were soon forced to surrender at 
discretion ; and Lord Claud, apprehensive of their fate, sent out parties, who 
took several of the Regent's friends prisoners, whom he confined in the 
Castle of Craignethan, in the hopes of exchanging them for the garrison of 
Paisley. The Regent, regardless of the consequences, carried his captives 
to Edinburgh, where they were all hanged ; but Lord Claud, too gene- ^, 
rous to follow his example, shortly afterwards set all his prisoners at 

Not long after this a truce was entered into between the two parties, 
which, although not very religiously kept on either side, was prolonged 
from time to time, until the 1st of April the following year. The day IS71. 

after its expiry, Captain Crawford of Jordanhill surprised the Castle of 
Dumbarton, — a most acceptable piece of service to the Regent, and cer- 
tainly one of the most adventurous and fortunate enterprises ever attempt- 
ed. Amongst the prisoners was the Archbishop of St Andrew's. " He Crawford's Memoirs, 
was carried under a strong guard to Stirling ; and, as he formerly had 
been attainted by act of Parliament, he was, without any formal trial, 
condemned to be hanged ; and, on the fourth day after he was taken, 
the sentence was executed. An attempt was made to convict him 
of being accessory to the murder of both the King and the Regent, but 
these accusations were supported by no proof." Our historians observe 
that he was the first bishop in Scotland who died by the hand of the exe- 
cutioner. The high offices he had enjoyed, both in church and state, 
ought to have exempted him from a punishment inflicted on the lowest 
criminals. But his zeal for the Queen, his abilities, and his profession, 
rendered him odious and formidable to the King's adherents. Lennox 
hated him as the person by whose councils the reputation and power of 
the house of Hamilton was supported. Party rage and personal enmity 
dictated that indecent sentence, for which some colour was sought by 
imputing to him such odious crimes. It was said that his execution was 
hastened, lest. Queen Elizabeth should have interfered in his behalf. 


duke of cha. His execution was the signal for the loyalists to fly to arms. The in- 
■ dignation and rage of his kinsmen the Hamiltons were without bounds, 

and hostilities were renewed with a fierceness and animosity which had 
hardly a precedent. From this deed a two years' war commenced : and 
the country was desolated with all the miseries of civil strife. King's men 
and Queen's men, the names by which the two factions were distinguished, 
started up in almost every quarter : the inhabitants of the same town or 
village, — the most intimate friends, — nay, members of the same family, 
were frequently opposed in this unnatural warfare. 

Kirkaldy, governor of the Castle of Edinburgh, during the late truce, 
had actively employed himself in reinforcing his garrison. He now began 
to act with vigour on the side of the Queen. He took possession of the 
.^ city, planted a battery on the steeple of St Giles' cathedral, and issued a 
proclamation declaring Lennox's authority to be usurped and unlawful. 
At the same time the Duke, and the other leaders of the Queen's party, 
having received a supply often thousand crowns and some ammunition from 
France, which enabled them to increase the number of their forces, they 
marched to Edinburgh, and were received with open arms by Kirkaldy. 
The walls were immediately repaired, the gates fortified, and a proclama- 
tion was issued, ordering all who refused to acknowledge the Queen's au- 
thority to depart from the city. On the other hand, the Regent and 
Morton, with a body of troops, seized and fortified Leith ; and skirmishes 
took place almost daily between the two factions, in one of which Gawin 
Hamilton of Raploch, Commendator of Kilwinning, a man much esteemed 
by both parties, was slain. 

The Regent held a Parliament at Stirling, at which, besides the lords 
and gentlemen of his party, were present, the Earls of Argyle, Eglintoun, 
and Cassilis, and the Lord Boyd, who had hitherto been amongst the 
most strenuous supporters of the Queen's authority. They began by 
passing an act of forfeiture against the Duke and his two sons, Lord John 
and Lord Claud, and most of the gentlemen of the name of Hamilton ; 
against the Earl of Huntly and the Gordons, Kirkaldy of Grange, &c. ; 
and, as they had left a considerable force at Leith to keep the Queen's 
troops in that quarter employed, they deemed themselves secure from any 
interruption or attack from the loyalists. 

An enterprise, planned by Kirkaldy, and worthy of his military genius, 
roused them from this confident state of security, and convinced them 


that they had completely mistaken the character and energy of their ene- duke ok cha- 

tt i i • ! n ii ii i -ii j TELHERAULT. 

mies. Had this enterprise been followed throughout with the same good == _ : — === __- 
success that attended its commencement, it would at once have terminated 
this unnatural contest, and restored peace to the country. 

On the 3d day of September, 300 horse, (chiefly Borderers,) under the 
command of the Earl of Huntly, Lord Claud Hamilton, Scott of Buc- 
cleugh, and Sir David Spence of Wormeston, and 80 infantry, under the 
two captains, Bell and Calder, left Edinburgh a little before sunset ; and, 
the better to conceal their design, gave out that they were going to Jed- 
burgh to reconcile a difference that had taken place between that town 
and Ker of Farnihairst. Having seized all the horses that came to mar- 
ket the day before, and such as they now met with on the road, they 
were enabled to mount their infantry, and continuing their progress 
southward, until they had passed an eminence which hid them from the 
view of the city, they wheeled to the right, and, after a rapid march 
all night, arrived at Stirling about the break of day. The walls were 
without a sentinel, — all perfectly quiet, — and not so much as a dog 
was heard to bark. Captain Bell, who was a native of the town, and 
knew every street and lane in it, acted as guide, and assigned to every 
man his post ; and, in a few minutes, the house of every person of 
distinction was surrounded, and the inmates roused from their sleep 
by the loud shouts of the loyalists. Their slogan or war-cry, '.' God 
and the Queen /" " A Hamilton !" resounded from every quarter ; and, 
before they had time to think of so strange an event, the Regent, the 
Earls of Glencairn, Argyle, Cassilis, Eglintoun, Montrose and Buclian, 
and the Lords Sempill, Cathcart, and Ochiltree, were mounted behind 
troopers, ready to be transported to Edinburgh. Some musketeers, sta- 
tioned in the market-place, fired incessantly on all who opened their win- 
dows or offered to leave their houses. No resistance was met with ex- 
cept from the Earl of Morton, who defended his house with obstinate 
valour, and only yielded to his kinsman,* Scott of Buccleuch, when it 
was set on fire, and the flames drove him out. But the time thus lost 
was of the greatest use to his party ; and the Borderers, who, in the first 
attack, had behaved with great resolution, now began, according to their 

Buccleugh was married to his niece, Margaret Douglas. — Godscrqfl, 321. 


duke of cha- wonted practice, to disperse, and rifle the shops and houses of the citi- 

zens, and plunder the stables of the nobility. 

The Earl of Mar, hearing the noise and uproar in the town, sallied out 
from the castle, at the head of about 30 musketeers, and, assisted by 
some of the townsmen, entered by the back way into his new, and still 
unfinished house, which, from its situation, commanded the market-place, 
and, planting two small pieces of ordnance, began firing with such success 
upon the loyalists, of whom by this time few or none but the officers kept 
together, that he drove them, with some loss, to the east end of the town. 
The different parties of stragglers, alarmed at the turn affairs were tak- 
ing, now hastened to join their companions, but many were seized by 
the townsmen ; and the Regent's soldiers pressed so warmly upon the 
main body of the loyalists, that they were forced to drop all their pri- 
soners and consult their safety by a speedy retreat. Captain Calder, 
seeing the day lost, resolved to make sure of one, and barbarously run 
the Regent through the body with a broad-sword. It has been generally 
said that he fell a sacrifice to the memory of the Archbishop of St An- 
drew's. Sir David Spence, to whom he surrendered himself, did all he 
could to preserve him, but he lost his own life in the generous attempt. 
Some of the royalist soldiers coming up to where the wounded Regent 
lay, literally hacked Sir David in pieces, notwithstanding all the intreaties 
of the former to save him. 

Scarcely does the history of our country present another enterprise so 
well-planned, so happily commenced, and so strangely disconcerted. To 
the license of the Marchmen the failure must be attributed ; but the same 
cause insured a safe retreat. In all probability not a man would have 
escaped death or captivity but for the characteristic rapacity of Buc- 
cleugh's marauders, who, having seized and carried off all the horses in 
the town, left the victors no means of following them. 
1572. After the death of the Earl of Lennox, the assembled nobles elected 

the Earl of Mar to the regency. Hostilities still continued, with increased 
animosity, between the two parties, and Morton, with the Regent's forces, 
made an ineffectual attempt upon Edinburgh. Almost daily skirmishes 
took place, and their mutual rage was such that each party hanged the 
prisoners they took, without trial or mercy. The miseries of war and 
famine were felt in the highest degree, when happily the French and 
English ambassadors, using their mediation, procured a suspension of hos» 


The Regent, who anxiously desired to restore peace to his distressed duke of cha- 
country, laboured in vain to effect a reconciliation between the two factions. _ 
He was chiefly thwarted in his good intentions by the resentment of the 
Earl of Morton. He did not long survive this disappointment. Grief 
and a settled melancholy caused his death in less than fourteen months 
from his accession to the regency. 

The Earl of Morton, who succeeded him, exerted himself, though from 
less generous motives, to establish peace. He set on foot, and concluded, Robertson, n. 223. 
in the commencement of the following year, a treaty at Perth, with the 
Duke and the Earl of Huntly, by which the establishment of the reformed 
religion was secured, the King's authority recognized, and the Regent 
bound himself to get the act of attainder against the Queen's friends re- 
pealed in Parliament, and their lands restored. 

The gallant Kirkaldy, refusing to be included in this treaty, and dis- 
daining to come to any terms with Morton, was besieged in the Castle of 
Edinburgh, and, after a brave and intrepid defence, taken and delivered 
up, by his old and unforgiving enemy, to the public executioner. Mait- 
land, who also fell into his bands, prevented a similar fate by a volun- 
tary death, " ending his days," says Melville, " after the old Roman Melville's Memoirs, 

The Duke, after this, retired from public business, for which both his 
age and the fatigues of an active and busy life unfitted him. He spent 
the short remainder of his days on his estates, and died in his palace at Crawford's Memoirs, 
Hamilton on the 22d January 1575. p - 279 - 

In him Queen Mary lost a faithful and tried friend. He was esteemed ibid. 279. 
as a good man and true patriot, open, plain, and without dissimulation. 
He was remarkable for his affection towards his friends and relations, 
who, in return, were ever ready to serve him with their lives and fortunes. 

He had a charter " to him and the heirs-male of his body ; which fail- M ag . si K . l. 
ing, to Gavin Hamilton, his brother-german ; David Hamilton of Brume- L°' x tll No.3a 
hill -, Andrew Hamilton of Newton ; John Hamilton of Candor ; Gavin 
Hamilton of Orbiston, and the heirs-male of their bodies respectively ; 
which failing, to his nearest heirs, bearing the name and arms of Hamil- 
ton, — of the lands and baronies of Machanshyre, Drumsargard, Stane- 
house, Kirkinnan, and the office of sheriff of Lanarkshire, the baronies of 
Hamilton and Carmunnock, the Earldom of Arran," &c. dated 15th Sep- 


■ in 11 


duke of cha- tember 1540 ; and of the lands of Birkinsyde in Berwickshire, 4th No- 


vember 1540. 

The Duke of Chatelherault married Lady Margaret Douglas, daughter 
of James, third Earl of Morton. 
Mag. si g . l. xxiv. She had a charter from her husband of part of the barony of Kinniel, 
No " 16 °" dated 23d September 1532. They had issue— 

I, James, third Earl of Arran. 

II. John, Marquis of Hamilton. 

ibid.L. *™. No. 134. III. Lord David, who had a charter " Davidi, tertio filio genito Jacobi 
AraniEe Comitis, terrarum de Grange et Fothers, in vie. de Fife ;" dated 

inq. Ret. inPub. Ar. sist August 1547. He died without issue in 1611, and his nephew 
James, second Marquis of Hamilton, was served heir to him in his landed 

IV. Lord Claud, ancestor of the Earls of Abercorn. 

1. Lady Barbara, married to James Lord Fleming, High Chamberlain 

ibid. l. xxxii. No. of Scotland, and had one daughter. She had a charter of part of the 
barony of Lenzie from James Lord Fleming, 14th December 1553, where- 
in she is designed eldest daughter of James Duke of Chatelherault. She 
ibid. had a l S o a charter of her liferent of the lands of Kildowan and Ochter- 

mony, 21st December 1554. 

wood's Peerage, i. 2. Lady Margaret, married to Alexander Lord Gordon, eldest son of 
George, fourth Earl of Huntly, who died before his father without issue. 

ibid. i. 650, et Ma g . 3. Lady Anne, married to George, fifth Earl of Huntly, High Chan- 

sig.L.xsxiv.20*. ceUor of Scotland, and had issue. She had a charter of the dominical 
lands of Boig and Gight, in the county of Banff, 8th July 1574. 

Penes Com. de Egiin- 4. Lady Jane, married, contract dated 13th February 1554-5, to Hugh, 
third Earl of Eglintoun ; but, as the parties were within the fourth degree 
of consanguinity, and a papal dispensation had not been obtained, the 
marriage was dissolved 1562, and she died in December 1596. She had 
a charter under the great seal of the lands of Eastwood, dated 28th May 




He succeeded his father in 1575. About the year 1551 he went over james, 

_, . . , - , . , _ , . EARL OF ARRAN. 

to France, and was given the command or the Scottish (juards, at the 

court of Henry the Second. In 1559, as already stated, finding a design RobertsOD ' s Histor y- 
formed to cut him off, by the Princes of Lorraine, he left France, and 
returned home by England, remaining some time at the court of Queen 

In 1560 the Scottish Parliament, with a view of allaying all animosities 
between England and Scotland, and rendering the bonds of amity between 
the two nations perpetual, proposed the Earl of Arran as a husband to 
that Princess ; but she, with every favourable disposition and esteem for 
the Earl, and many professions of good will to the Scottish nation, declined 
the proposal. 

The following year he openly aspired to the hand of Queen Mary, who 
betrayed great partiality for him ; but, by his most imprudently opposing 
the exercise of her religion, he forfeited her favour altogether. 

When his brothers Lord John and Lord Claud Hamilton were attainted 
in 1579, the Earl of Arran, though incapable, from his situation, of com- 
mitting any crime, was involved, by a shameful abuse of law, in the common 
ruin of his family, and confined a prisoner by order of the Regent Morton. 

Captain James Stewart, grandson of Lady Margaret Hamilton, only 
child of the first marriage of James, first Earl of Arran, was appointed 
tutor to the Earl ; and afterwards, in 1581, obtained, from King James the 
Sixth, a grant of the baronies of Hamilton and Kinniel, and the other 
estates of the Hamilton family. The same year, under the pretence that 
he was the lawful heir of the family, and that the children of the third 
marriage of the first Earl of Arran were illegitimate, he was created Earl 
of Arran, which dignity he held, along with the estates, until his disgrace 
in 1585, when they were restored to the true owner. 

James Earl of Arran obtained a charter of the baronies of Hamilton and Mag. s; g . l. xxwu. 
Machanshyre, 24th June 1589. 

He died without issue in March 1609, and was buried in the Island of inq. Ret. in Pub. Arch. 
Arran. He was succeeded by his nephew James, second Marquis of 
Hamilton, who was served heir to him on 23d May 1609- 




p. 280. 

john, marquis Lord John Hamilton was born in the year 1532. The public transac- 
" tions in which he was engaged have already been detailed under the head 

of the Duke of Chatelherault. The remainder of the Memoirs of himself, 
and his brother Lord Claud, form a remarkable era in the history of their 
house. Attainted and exiled from their native land, they beheld their 
estates and possessions delivered up to an ambitious and unprincipled 
usurper, who ruled over the vassals and tenants with a rod of iron ; — yet, 
after a few years' exile, they returned, and, expelling the intruder, resumed 
possession of the halls of their ancestors. 

On the death of his father, Lord John came into possession of the 
family estates, shortly after which a ceremony took place, which, as a me- 
io75. morial of the customs of our ancestors, I shall here relate. In the begin- 

crawford's Memoirs, ning of March, Lord John and his brother Lord Claud came to Edinburgh, 
and, on the 7th of that month, at the Palace of Holyrood, in presence of 
the court, delivered a sword by the point to the Earl of Angus, in satis- 
faction for the slaughter of Johnstone of Westraw, a dependant of the 
Earl's, who was slain during the civil war by a retainer of the house of 

The Regent Morton, who, notwithstanding his relationship, showed, 

during the whole course of his administration, a fixed animosity to the 

ibid. 283. house of Hamilton, formed, about this time, a design of cutting off its 

chief, and instigated some of his dependants to the enterprise. 
July 26. As Lord John was journeying to Aberbrothock, attended only by his 

ordinary train, he was pursued by Douglas of Lochleven, the Earl of 
Buchan, Lord Lindsay, and the Bishop of Murray, at the head of about 
five hundred horse. Whilst refreshing his followers in the town of Cupar, 
he was privately warned of his danger. He mounted without delay, and 


had hardly left that place when he descried his enemies at some distance john, marquis 
off, on the other side of the river Eden. Separating himself from his attend- _ 
ants, whom he ordered to keep together in a body, and to follow the route to 
Aberbrothock, he resolved at first to fly to the Castle of Leuchars ; but, 
observing that his pursuers had come up with his followers, and were now 
in full pursuit of himself, he turned aside to the house of Dairsie. Its 
owner, Learmonth, kindly received him, and, after defending him bravely 
for two days, compelled the assailants to retire with disgrace. Being re- 
inforced, they returned again the following day to renew the siege, but 
were surprised to find the Hamiltons hastening to defend their chief, and 
the Earls of Angus, Errol, and Rothes, and Lord Seton, flocking with 
their followers to his assistance ; whereupon, finding themselves foiled in 
their deadly design, they wheeled about and made a hasty retreat, whilst 
Lord John continued his journey to Aberbrothock. Reparation was de- 
manded of the Regent for this public violation of the laws ; but little was 
done, only the chief actor, Douglas of Lochleven, was committed to the 
Castle of Edinburgh until he gave sufficient security for his good conduct 
in future. 

The Regent, whose avarice was perpetually prompting him to new 
schemes for raising money, committed, contrary to an article of the treaty 
of Perth, the greater part of the gentlemen who had fought for the Queen 
at Langsyde, to prison, and compelled each to buy a particular remission 
for himself at a very exorbitant price. He perambulated the kingdom 
and held justice courts, being generally attended by a numerous and splen- 
did train. On one of these occasions, at Dumfries, a great many English Crawford's Memoirs, 
gentlemen came to see the form and manner of proceeding against the 
borderers. Scarcely a day passed without a horse race. The English 
generally foiled the Scots, and swept the stakes ; but having shifted the 
scene to Solway Sands, they were beaten by Lord Claud Hamilton, who 
rode himself upon a horse much lower than any in the company. 

In the beginning of this year a circumstance occurred which the Re- 1577. 

gent eagerly seized upon as a fit opportunity for again oppressing the 
Hamilton family. Queen Mary, previously to her retreat into England, ibid. 287. 
had bestowed upon Mary Livingstone, one of her maids of honour, a 
certain portion of land.* This lady had married John Semple of Belltrees ; 

* A charter was granted, 19th April 1567, by the Queen, and ratified by the Par- 


.tomn, MARQuisantl Morton, to one of whose estates the property lay contiguous, resolved 

OK HAMILTON. - , _ .. . ... _, , 

to reduce the deed ot gitt and convert it to his own use. Ihe business 

was accordingly brought before the Court of Session, where Morton urged 
that the gift was null and void, as the crown lands could not be alienated. 
Belltrees answered, " That it was a plain deed of gift under the great 
and privy seal, and therefore could not be recalled." The plaintiff, how- 
ever, was both party and judge, for he sat in person to browbeat the 
judges; and the defendant Semple, seeing his plea likely to be lost, in a 
great rage openly protested that, if he lost his suit, he should lose his life 
too. His uncle, Whitefoord of Milneton, fell into the same violent pas- 
sion, and, alluding to Morton's low stature, said, " that Nero was but a 
dwarf compared to Morton." These, and other intemperate expressions 
uttered out of court, gave the Regent a handle, and proceedings were in- 
stituted against both uncle and nephew. Belltrees was taken in Edin- 
burgh, but Milneton absconding, was apprehended in Bute. A report was 
industriously spread by the creatures of the government that these two 
persons had been hired by Lord Claud Hamilton to murder the Regent, 
and the torture was had recourse to, to make them criminate that noble- 
man. Belltrees, naturally weak and timorous, sunk under the first appli- 
cation of the boot, and confessed every thing they wished ; but Milneton, 
a man of a more determined spirit, resolutely bore all their torments with 
unshaken constancy, and asserted his own and Lord Claud's innocence. 
He was shortly afterwards discharged ; but such cruel and arbitrary pro- 
ceedings excited the highest indignation, and made Morton's government 
1578. be universally detested.* The weight of his oppressive administration had 

1 lament , of " All and haill the lands and lordship of Steuarton, with the feu, maillis, 
&c. in the baillerie of Cunninghame, to her daylie and familiar servitor John Semple, 
lawful son to Robert Lord Semple, and Marie Livingstone, daughter to William Lord 
Livingstone, her Hienes familiar servetrix, to knit them togidder in lauchfull mar- 
riage, with provision of ane reasonable living." This couple were " John the Dancer" 
and " Marie the Lusty," mentioned by John Knox in his vehement declamation 
against the irregularities of the Queen's household. One of their descendants of the 
Robertson's Cunning- sixth generation, Robert Semple of Midpart, in the county of Renfrew, died in 1789, 
Im ' p ' at the extraordinary age of 103. He sold Midpart, in 1758, to Macdowall of Castle- 


* " One tiling did marvellously offend men : George Auchinleck of Bawmannow 
having (I cannot tell what) small quarrell with Captain Nesbit, being come out of 
Dalkeith (where the Regent kept commonly his residence,) and going up the street, 


hitherto chiefly fallen on the lower and middle ranks; but this attempt john, marquis 
against Lord Claud, and the arbitrary steps which he meditated against "_'_'__ 11 

the Earls of Argyle and Athol, convinced the nobles that, upon the 
slightest pretexts, their estates and lives might be placed in danger, and 
that rank and station could not exempt them from feeling the effects of 
his power. 

Accustomed to be treated with much distinction, and even familiarity, 
by their sovereigns, these high-spirited men could ill brook such usage 
from a Regent ; and, in a meeting of their body, held at Stirling, they 
advised and persuaded the young King to deprive him of the regency. 

By a dexterous stroke of politics, Morton very soon recovered possession 1579. 

of his former influence and authority in all but the name ; and, acting with Robertson, :m. 
equal policy and vigour, either entirely broke or baffled the power and 
cabals of his enemies. Two of the ablest and most formidable of these, 
Glamis and Athol, soon afterwards perished, the one in an accidental 
street rencounter, and the other died suddenly after having attended a 
splendid entertainment given by Morton at Stirling. 

Of the great families, none remained, the objects of his jealousy, or able 
to obstruct his designs, but that of Hamilton. The Earl of Arran had ibid. 350. 
never recovered from the shock arising from the ill success of his passion 
for Queen Mary, and was now living wholly retired from the world. Of 
the other brothers, Lord John was in possession of the family estates, and 
Lord Claud was Commendator of Paisley, — both men of abilities, ambi- 

he met this Nisbet, where, drawing his rapier, he thrust him through, and, leaving 
him as dead, he held on his way to the Tolbooth, where the Lords of the Session sate, 
as though he had done no wrong, with great indignation of the beholders ; and at 
night he returned to Dalkeith, where he waited upon the Regent as before. This 
made the people to murmur, both against hini as the actor, and against the Regent as 
conniving thereat, who perhaps did not hear of it, at least for a certain space. 

" This Auchinleck's credit with the Regent was so very great, that all suites (for 
the most part) were obtained by him ; and therefore men of the best qualitie counte- 
nanced and followed him, which was both observed and disdained. One day this 
man, being in the Tolbooth, within the inner barre, Oliver Sinclair, (some time minion 
and favourite to King James the Fifth, who was now at court,) standing at the middle 
barre, intreated earnestly to speak with him, which having obtained with difficultie, 
when the other asked him what he had to say to him, Oliver answered, ' I am Oliver 
Sinclair,' and, without saying any more, left him, — as if he should have said, ' Be 
not too proud of your courtship, — I was once as you are, — you may fall to be as I 
am.' This was matter of much talk a long time." — Godscrqft, p. 335. 



John, marquis tious, and enterprising. Morton dreaded their influence in the kingdom, — 

OF HAMILTON. . , , . . , . ., . . „ 

the courtiers hoped to share in their spoils, — and, as princes generally view 

their successors with jealousy and distrust, it was easy to infuse suspicion 
and ill-will against his kinsmen into the mind of the young King ; and a 
pretence was at hand to justify the most violent proceedings. 
Robertson, n. 238. The amnesty or pardon stipulated for in the treaty of Perth was under- 
stood not to extend to such as were accessory to the murder of the Re- 
gents Murray and Lennox. The two brothers were suspected of being 
the authors of, or at least privy to both these crimes, and had been in- 
cluded in a general bill of attainder on that account. Without summon- 
ing them to trial, or examining a single witness to prove the charge, this 
attainder was now thought sufficient to subject them to all the penalties 
which they could have incurred by being formally convicted. The Earls 
of Morton, Mar, and Eglintoun, together with the Lords Ruthven, Boyd, 
and Cathcart, received a commission to seize their persons and estates. 
At a few hours' warning, these noblemen assembled a body of troops, and 
marched with all speed towards Hamilton. The affair had not been so 
secretly conducted but that information reached the brothers of their 
danger, and they happily made their escape, though with some difficulty. 
May io. Siege was immediately laid to the Castle of Cadyow, which, after a few 
days' determined resistance, yielded on discretion. This ancient fortress 
was completely demolished, and the garrison led prisoners to Stirling, with 
their hands tied behind their backs, where their captain, Arthur Hamilton 
of Merritoun, was publicly executed. 
Koiwrtson, 350. The whole of the Hamilton estates were confiscated, and the most cruel 
and arbitrary proceedings directed against almost all the gentlemen of the 
name, a number of whom, to avoid this persecution, fled from their homes. 
The Earl of Arran continued to live secluded at the Castle of Craig- 
nethan, under the care of some faithful servants of the family, who admi- 
nistered to all his wants, and affectionately tended his person. A sham 
complaint in his name was now given in to the King, stating that he was 
kept in close confinement, deprived of the free use of fire, air, and the 
company of his honest friends, denied the benefit of marriage, and the 
succession by law. A party was forthwith sent to Craignethan to demand 
the surrender of that fortress, and set the Earl at liberty. His servants 
made what defence they could to keep their master out of the hands of 
his enemies, but they were forced to yield ; and the Earl, instead of being 


set free, was, together with his aged mother, the Duchess of Cha- John, marquis 

. „, : ,,i ..■!■'• ■!• 1 i i ! t i i n OF HAMILTON. 

telnerault, sent to .Linlithgow, and placed under the custody or one ===== 
Captain Lambie,* a creature of Morton's, and a most inveterate enemy Crawford's Memoirs, 
of the house of Hamilton. " These proceedings, so contrary to the fun- Robertson's History, 
damental principles of justice, were all ratified in the subsequent Parlia- 

Lord John Hamilton, in a seaman's habit, fled into England on foot, Crawford's Memoi™, 
and, traversing that kingdom in the same way, reached France in safety. 
He was there kindly received by the Archbishop of Glasgow, ambassador 
at the French court for Queen Mary. The Princes of Lorraine, appre- 
ciating the value of such a proselyte, made him the most liberal and splen- 
did offers if he would change his religion. His refusal lost him the favour 
of that bigoted court ; upon which he returned to England and joined his 
brother Lord Claud, who, after having secreted himself for some time 
amongst his friends at home, at last found a secure asylum at Widdrington, 
in the north of England, with a relation of the Earl of Northumberland. 
Their kinsmen and tenants were prohibited, under severe penalties, from ibid. 31 5. 
keeping up any correspondence with them, and compelled to give security 
that they would not furnish them with any supplies. 

After Morton's disgrace and death, the chief management of affairs imi. 

devolved on Captain James Stewart, second son of Lord Ochiltree, who 
had become a great favourite with the King. This ambitious and unprin- 
cipled man got himself appointed tutor to the Earl of Arran, and, not Robertson's Hist. 358. 
long afterwards, obtained a gift of the honours and estates of the 
Hamilton family. By the uncommon ascendancy he had acquired 
over the mind and affections of his Prince, he obtained every thing that 
his immoderate ambition could desire. He was made lord chancellor, 
lieutenant-general of the kingdom, and governor of its two most im- 
portant fortresses, the Castles of Edinburgh and Stirling. Not content 
with the acquisition of the extensive Hamdton estates and the greater 
part of the lands of the Earl of Gowrie, he aimed at the possession of 
more. The Earl of Athol, the Lords Maxwell and Home, and the Mas- 

* Lambie was the miscreant who insulted the unfortunate Queen Mary when she 
surrendered to the confederate lords at Carberry Hill. He was afterwards, in 1584, 
with a party of his soldiers, slain on Crawford Muir, by Robert Maxwell, a brother 
of Lord Maxwell. 



john, marquis ter of Glamis, felt the effects of his rapacity and oppression. By these, 
' and other acts of wanton and unrestrained authority, he came to be uni- 
versally detested. The executions of Home of Ai'gaty, Cunninghame of 
Drummawhassel, and Douglas of Mains, whose condemnation he had pro- 
cured on the groundless charges of corresponding with the banished lords 
and conspiring to seize the King's person, added to the general dissatis- 

i*84. Meanwhile Lord John and Lord Claud continued to reside chiefly at 

Widdrington. In November of this year Lord Claud, through the in- 
fluence of his father-in-law Lord Seton, procured liberty to return to Scot- 
land, but, shortly after his arrival, he was commanded to confine himself 
to the town of Aberdeen, and afterwards, through the machinations of 
the usurper Arran, ordered to depart out of the kingdom. He embarked 
at Dumbarton in May 1585 for France, where he did not long remain, 
having soon afterwards rejoined his brother at Widdrington. 

This was the last act of oppression of the usurper against this illustrious 
family. His ill-used power was now drawing to a close. The noblemen 
and gentlemen, whom his violence and injustice had driven out of the 
kingdom, began to concert measures for his downfal and their own return. 
Secretly protected and encouraged by Queen Elizabeth, and assisted by 
the subtle and intriguing Wotton, her minister at the Scottish court, who 
maintained a close correspondence with their friends at home, they made 
every preparation to insure the success of their enterprise. 

] S85 . Their common sufferings and common interest caused them to reconcile 

Godscroft, p. 392, any differences which had subsisted amongst their number. The Earl of 

AfJ 1 I yL A. 

Angus, who had for some time resided at Berwick, having occasion to re- 
move to Newcastle, visited Widdrington on his way thither, along with 
several of his friends, and was reconciled to Lord John and Lord Claud 
Hamilton. Shortly after this the whole of the exiled nobles proceeded to 
the borders, and awaited the signal to enter their native land. At last 
the enterprise, being fully matured, and their friends and vassals ready to 
join them, they entered Scotland, — the Earls of Angus and Mar, and the 
Master of Glamis, by the east borders, whdst the Lords Hamilton and 
Uoberuon's History, Maxwell, entering by the west, marched straight for Hamilton. " Wlier- 
ever they came they were welcomed as the deliverers of their country, and 
the most fervent prayers were addressed to heaven for the success of their 




The King was at Hamilton, according to his usual custom, enjoying john, marquis. 
the sports of the field, when he first received information that the lords ' 

had crossed the borders. Retiring immediately to Stirling, he issued a 
proclamation, ordering all the lieges to meet him at Crawford Castle on 
the 22d October ; but the English ambassador, by his intrigues at court, 
prevented him from setting out on this expedition. At Linton, in 
Tweeddale, the Earls of Angus and Mar met the Lords Bothwell, Hume, 
Yester, Cessford, and Drumlanrig, with their friends and followers, after 
which they proceeded to Hamilton, where the whole of the confederated 
forces assembled. In a meeting of the leaders, they swore never to se- 
parate, nor give over the prosecution of their enterprise, until they had 
driven the upstart Arran from the councils of their Sovereign. They at 
the same time issued a manifesto, declaring the causes of their confede- 
ration, and advanced towards Stirling at the head of about ten thousand 
men, and halted the first night at Falkirk. The next day the King tried Godscroft, 405. 
to sow divisions amongst them by sending a message to the Earl of Both- 
well, but without effect. Some hours after noon they advanced, and, 
about the going down of the sun, halted at St Ninian's Chapel, within a 
short distance of Stirling, and were seen from the castle walls by friends 
and foes. They remained here all night, and, about the dawning of the 
day, assembling without any noise, they advanced to assault the town. 

Whilst two separate false attacks were made at the same moment of 
time, the main body, with the banished lords at their head, entered the 
town by the south side, and very soon carried it, little opposition having 
been made, except by Colonel Stewart, who, finding himself unable to 
maintain his ground, retired into the castle. His brother, the false Earl 
of Arran, not thinking himself safe there, retreated to the bridge, of ibid. 406. 
which he had secured the keys, and, locking it carefully behind him, 
threw them into the Forth, and effected his escape. 

The castle, invested on all sides, scarcely held out a day ; and to Sir 
Lewis Bellenden, whom the King, who was willing to make every con- 
cession, sent out to treat, the lords tendered their respectful submissions, Hoberuon, a . sos. 
and requested to be admitted into the royal presence. James acceded 
to their wishes, but previously stipulated that all feuds and differences 
betwixt any of their number and the noblemen in his train should be 
buried in oblivion. Being brought into the castle, and into the presence 
chamber, they all made obeisance, and Lord John Hamilton, who, in 


john, marquis regard of blood, had the precedence, in the name of the others, said, 
' " That they were come, in all humility, to beg his Majesty's love and 
favour." The King answered, — " My Lord, I did never see you before, 
and must confess that of all this company you have been most wronged. 
You were a faithful servant to my mother in my minority, and, when I 
understood not, as I do now, the estate of things, hardly used." After a 
few observations to the others, they arose, one by one, and kissed his hand. 
It was observed that he received Lord John and Lord Claud with greater 
respect than any of them. The whole of the banished lords and their ad- 
herents were declared to be restored to the possession of their estates, ho- 
nours, and dignities ; and, two days afterwards, the King caused publish, 
by sound of trumpet, an act of council, confirming his declaration, and 
an act of oblivion for all that was past. Colonel Stewart and others 
were excluded from the royal presence, and several changes were, at the 
same time, made about the court. In a Parliament, held at Linlithgow 
in December, the whole of these proceedings, and the act of oblivion, 
were solemnly ratified, and Lord John was sworn a Privy Councillor and 
made Governor of Dumbarton Castle. Thus, after an absence of several 
years, he resumed possession of the halls of his ancestors, and, taking 
up his abode at Hamilton, employed himself in improving his estates, 
which had been greatly dilapidated. 

1587. In the year 1587, Mary, Queen of Scots, after a captivity of nineteen 

years, and having undergone a series of persecutions and sufferings which 
have almost no parallel in history, was at last sacrificed to the fears and 
the resentment of her relation and rival, Elizabeth. She was beheaded 
at Fotheringay on the 8th February of that year. While she was under 
sentence of death, she took a ring from her finger, which she ordered one 
of her attendants to deliver to Lord John Hamilton, and tell him it 
was all that she had left to witness her great sense of his family's constant 
fidelity to her, and their sufferings for her interest, and desired that it 
should always be kept in the family, as a lasting evidence of her regard 
towards them.* 

1589. Lord John continued to reside chiefly at Hamilton, going occasionally 

to court, where he was always received with great distinction ; and when 
King James, impatient at the delay of his ambassadors in bringing home 

* This ring is still preserved by the family, and is now in the Charter-room at 
Hamilton Palace. 


his young queen, the daughter of the King of Denmark, embarked in john, marquis 
person for that country, he nominated him Lieutenant of the three War- OFHAMI1 
denries of the Marches, and of the whole of the south of Scotland. The 
Queen, on her arrival, was crowned with great pomp, in the abbey church 
of Holyrood, by the Earl of Lennox and Lord John. 

The Earls of Huntly, Crawford, and Errol, who professed the Roman i*9S- 

Catholic religion, had long laboured to reestablish that faith in Scotland. 
Instigated by Spain, and supplied with money from the Netherlands, they Robertson'. History. 
had continued to disturb the government by repeated acts of sedition. 
They at this time proceeded to open rebellion, and took possession of 
Aberdeen. The King delegated his authority to the Earl of Argyle and 
Lord Forbes, the heads of the clans at enmity with the rebels, and gave 
them a commission to invade their lands and seize their castles. Huntly 
and Errol met these noblemen at Glenlivat, and a desperately fought 
action ensued, which ended in the defeat of the King's forces. 

On the first intelligence of this disaster, King James, assembling a body 
of troops, set out for the north ; and by the time he had reached Cowie, 
a small village near Aberdeen, his forces were considerably increased by 
the junction of several clans hostile to the two victorious chiefs. Here 
he received intimation that the rebels were marching to meet him, upon 
which he resolved to give them battle. Lord John, who accompanied 
the King in this expedition, claimed the leading of the vanguard, which 
the Earl of Angus opposed, alleging that this honour, of right, belonged 
to him, being the ancient privilege of the Douglasses. The King, in- 
terposing his authority, decided that Lord John should have the com- 
mand at this time, but which should not in any manner impugn the rights 
and privileges of the House of Douglas. The rebels, afraid to face the 
King's forces, retreated into the mountains and dispersed ; and James, 
leaving the Earl of Lennox his lieutenant in the north, returned to Edin- 

Lord John sat as one of the jury upon the trial of the Earls of Huntly, 
Bothwell, and Crawford, when they were found guilty, and sent to sepa- 
rate prisons.* 

* " When the Popish Lords were excommunicated by the Synod of Fife, the King 
dealt importunately with Bruce, the leader of the Edinburgh clergy, to prevent the 
intimation of the sentence there ; but, unable to succeed with them, he had recourse to 
the most popular of the Barons, and Calderwood has recorded a curious conversation 
betwixt him and Lord Hamilton on this subject. James paid a visit to Hamilton 




john, marquis When the refractory clergy began to preach against and oppose the 

OF HAMILTON. __. , ' ,,,.., - 

' King s government and measures, and by their violent proceedings forced 

him to leave Edinburgh, Bruce and Balcanquhal, two of their number, in 
the name of the others, invited Lord John, who was then at Hamilton, to 
come to Edinburgh, and place himself at their head.* But he, indig- 
nant at their conduct, lost no time in hastening to the King at Linlith- 
gow, and, placing the letter in his hands, made him acquainted with the 
true nature of their designs. 

Nitbet's Heraldry, ii. Lord John was created Marquis of Hamilton, with great ceremony, at 
Holyroodhouse, on the 17th April 1599. He was requested by King 
James to stand godfather to one of his children ; and he continued to 
enjoy a great share of the affection and confidence of that monarch, (who 
often visited him at Hamilton,) until his death, which happened on the 
12th April 1604, in the 72d year of his age. 

spottiswood's church " While on his deathbed, in giving his blessing to his son, he thanked 
God for the many signal favours conferred on him, and named three par- 

Palace for the purpose of sounding that nobleman's views. He introduced the con- 
versation by saying that he was convinced that he enjoyed the friendship of his Lord- 
ship, notwithstanding any reports that had been circulated to the contrary. ' You 
see, my lord,' continued he, ' how I am used, and have no man in whom I may 
trust more than in Huntley. If I receive him, the ministers will cry out that I am 
an apostate from the religion, — if not, I am left desolate.' ' If he and the rest be not 
enemies to the religion,' said his Lordship, ' you may receive them, — if otherwise, 
not.' ' I cannot tell,' replied his Majesty, ' what to make of that, — but the minis- 
ters hold them for enemies. Always I would think it good that they enjoyed liberty 
of conscience.' Upon this Lord Hamilton exclaimed, ' Sir, then we are all gone ! 
then we are all gone ! then we are all gone ! If there were no more to withstand 
tliem than I, I will withstand.' The King, perceiving his servants approach, put an 
end to the conversation by saying, with a smile, ' My Lord, I did this to try your 
mind.' "— M'Crie's Life of Melville, Vol. II, p. 33. 

* " Hamilton having conveyed a copy of this letter to the King, some persons 
about the court (for I do not believe that his Lordship was capable of such a dis- 
graceful act) altered and vitiated* it in such a manner, as to make it express an ap- 
probation of the late tumult, and consequently an intention of embodying an armed 
resistance to the measures of government.' — Ibid. Vol. II, p. 94. 

• This does not appear very probable ; few would have dared upon such an act. Besides, it is expressly said 
by Robertson, in bis History of Scotland, upon the authority of Spottiswood and Calderwood, that Lord John 
delivered the letter in person. 


ticularly : — That, notwithstanding the great offers made to him by the john, marquis 
house of Guise, he had not changed his religion ; — that he had never op- _ 

pressed any of his vassals or tenants ; — and that he had never entertained 
one thought contrary to the duty he owed to the crown, and therefore 
charged his son, on his blessing, to continue the same courses." 

The Marquis had the commendatory of the rich Abbey of Aberbro- 
thock conferred on him in 1541 ; and he had a charter, 15th May 1550, Ma g . si g . L.m, 
of the third part of the barony of Terregles, and the other property of No.38,492; l. x«ii' 
Lord Herries, on the resignation of the heiresses ; and, on the 24th Oc- 
tober 1562, of the lands of Eastwood, from Hugh, Earl of Eglintoun. 

He married Margaret, only daughter of John, eighth Lord Glamis, 
and widow of Gilbert, fourth Earl of Cassilis, who died in 1576. They 
had a charter, 1st November 1590, of the lands of Bothwellmuir. By L- "*'", n . 445. 
this lady, who survived him many years, and was alive in 1616, he had 

I. Edward, who was born in England, and died young. 

II. James, second Marquis of Hamilton. 

1. Lady Margaret, married to John, eighth Lord Maxwell, and had no 

The Marquis had a natural son, Sir John Hamilton of Lettrick, father Wood's Peer. i. 195. 
of the first Lord Bargeny; and a natural daughter, as appears from a con- 
tract of marriage, dated at Hamilton, 29th December 1585, " betwixt 
Lord John Hamilton and Sir Vmfra Colquhoun of Luss," wherein " Sir 
Vmfra binds himself to marry Maistresse Jeane Hammiltoune, natural 
dochter of the said Lord John," — recorded in the Commissary Records 
of Glasgow. 



james, James, second Marquis of Hamilton, was born in 1589, and was edu- 

hamilt S on F cated in Scotland, but went early abroad, for his further improvement, 

where he remained for some considerable time. 

Ma g .sig.L.xiiii,No.2. He had a charter to James Hamilton, lawful son of John, Marquis of 
Hamilton, of the Abbey of Aberbrothock, 11th November 1600. 

He succeeded his father in 1604, and his uncle, the Earl of Arran, in 
1609. In consideration of his father's fidelity, and sufferings for Queen 
l. iiv, No. 227. Mary, King James the Sixth was pleased to dissolve from the Crown the 
lands, patronages, and titles belonging to the Abbey of Aberbrothwick, 
and to erect the same into a temporal lordship, in his favour, with the 
title of a Lord of Parliament, by charter, dated 5th May 1608. 
Memoir, of James, On his return from his travels, King James, who discerned his excel- 

° u i k 7. London t ,°i742. lent abilities, was very desirous he should reside at court ; which, at that 
time, he declined, and proceeded home to Scotland. But being after- 
wards prevailed upon, by the special request of the King, and the impor- 
tunities of his friends, he returned, when his royal relative made him one 
of the Gentlemen of the Bedchamber, and, on the 14th January 1613, 
one of the Lords of the Privy Council, and Lord Steward of the House- 
hold. On the 16th June 1619, he created him a Peer of England, by the 
style of Earl of Cambridge and Lord Innerdale, titles that had never 
before been conferred on any but such as were of the blood-royal. 

He was chosen a Knight of the Order of the Garter, by an extraordi- 
nary chapter, held at Whitehall, on the 9th February 1621, upon the de- 
cease of Thomas, Earl of Exeter. 

The same year, the King, desirous to have the articles of religion, com- 
monly called the Five Articles of Perth, passed into a law, selected the 
Marquis of Hamilton to act as Royal Commissioner. Several of the 
Scottish clergy were very active in endeavouring to obstruct the ratifica- 






tion of these articles, and laboured assiduously in impressing upon the 
minds of the people their evil tendency ; and, on the Sunday previous 
to the meeting of Parliament, two of their number, preaching against "*""" 

the measure, expressed themselves in the most seditious manner. The 
day following, these two ministers were arrested by the captain of the 
guard, and several others, of the more turbulent, were commanded to 
leave the city. The five articles were passed by a majority of twenty- 
seven ; and the Marquis sent Lord Scone and Dr Young to court with 
an account of his success ; for which, and other good services, Lord 
Scone was created Viscount Stormont. 

In May 1609, the Marquis succeeded his uncle, the Earl of Arran, in chaim.caied.iii. 
the barony of Machanshyre, and in the office of sheriff' of Lanarkshire, 
with a fee of £20. In 1617, when King James returned, on a visit to 
his native kingdom, he was continued sheriff, with power to appoint de- 
puties.* He had a charter of the lands of Evandale and Peill Thorntoun, 
in Lanarkshire, dated 11th July 1611. 

The Marquis died at Whitehall on the 22d March 1624-5, in the 36th 
year of his age. His body was carried to Hamilton, where it was ho- 
nourably interred, in the burial place of his ancestors.! 

Strange reports were spread at the time as to the cause of his death. 
He was said to have died of poison, administered by the Duke of Buck- 
ingham, with whom he had some difference. From the great noise which 
these reports made at court, three medical men were appointed to examine 
the body, two of whom declared that he had not been poisoned ; but the 
third, Dr Eglisham, affirmed that he was, and hesitated not to impute 

Reg. Mag. Sig. 

* " On this subject of hereditary jurisdictions, there is a very good anecdote pre- 
served in a M.S. belonging to the University of Edinburgh, concerning King James 
and James, Marquis of Hamilton. For the King's amusement, there was a philoso- 
phical disputation held in the College, during 1617. The first thesis was, ' That 
sheriffs, and other inferior magistrates, ought not to be hereditary.' This was op- 
posed by a variety of arguments from the opponent, wherewith the King was so well- 
pleased, that, after divers reasons given by him in support thereof, and hearing the 
respondent's answers, the King turned to the Marquis of Hamilton, who stood be- 
hind his chair, and at that time was hereditary sheriff of Clydesdale, and said, 
' James, you see your cause is lost, and all that can be said for it clearly answered 
and refuted.' " — Caledonia, iii, p. 575. 

f For a description of the funeral ceremony, vide Appendix. 



james, the crime to Buckingham. Being for his temerity obliged to fly, he re- 
hamilton. tired to Flanders, where he published his opinions in the shape of a pam- 


Pinkerton's Scottish The Marquis married Lady Anne Cunninghame, fourth daughter of 
James, seventh Earl of Glencairn, — a lady of a firm and masculine dis- 
position. By this lady, who long survived him, and died in 1647, he had 

I. James, first Duke of Hamilton. 
II. William, second Duke of Hamilton, 
wood's Peer. i. 503. 1. Lady Anne, married to Hugh, seventh Earl of Eglinton, and had 
issue, one daughter, 
ibid. 387. 2. Lady Margaret, married to John, Earl of Crawfurd and Lindsay, 

and had issue, 
ibid. 3. Lady Mary, married to James, second Earl of Queensberry, and 

died without issue, 29th October 1633. 




James, the third Marquis of Hamilton, was bom at Hamilton, on the james, duke 
19th June 1606. He received the early part of his education in Scot- OF Hamilton. 
land ; but the course of his studies was interrupted by his father sending 
for him to court, when he was scarcely fourteen years of age, in order to Burnet's Memoirs of 
be betrothed to Lady Margaret Fielding, daughter of the Earl of D en _ theDukes ° fHamil «»'- 
bigh, and niece of the Duke of Buckingham, who at that period was not 
seven years of age. After some stay at court he was sent to Oxford to 
finish his education, where he remained until he was sent for to see his 
father in his last illness ; and he arrived in time to receive his last bless- 
ing and see him die. 

After attending the coronation of Charles the First, where he carried i<>25. 

the sword of state in the procession, he left the court, and returned to 
Scotland, employing himself in attending to his private affairs, which had 
suffered from his father's magnificent way of living. He continued to 
live in retirement on his estates, spending much of his time in the island 
of Arran,* notwithstanding the most pressing invitations from the King 
to come to court, until the end of the year 1628, when his father-in-law, 
the Earl of Denbigh, coming on a visit to him, brought with him another 
letter from the King, and an offer to be Master of the Horse, in place 
of the Duke of Buckingham. He could not well refuse such repeated 
solicitations from his royal kinsman, and he accompanied the Earl to 

* While there, he was visited by the celebrated traveller, Lithgow, who, in his 
Travels, p. 391, says, " Traversing the Western Isles, &c. I arrived, I say, at the 
Isle of Arran, anno 1628, where for certain days, in the castle of Braidwick, I was 
kindly entertained by the illustrious lord, James, Marquis of Hamilton, Earl of 
Arran, Cambridge," &c. 


james, duke court, where he was presently made Master of the Horse, a Gentleman 
of Hamilton. of ^ Bedchamber> and p rivy Councillor in both kingdoms. 

lfi30 . At the baptism of Prince Charles, this year, he represented the King of 

Bumefs Memoirs. Bohemia, as one of the sponsors. At the same time he had the Order of 
the Garter conferred on him, and a grant of the office of Chief Steward 
of the Honor and Manor of Hampton Court. 

i63i. The King's brother-in-law, the Elector-Palatine, by accepting the crown 

of Bohemia, involved himself and all Germany in a most bloody war, 
followed by a series of disasters, which at length drove him from his 
throne and his hereditary dominions, and reduced him to the greatest dis- 

The King, who considered himself bound by all the ties of relationship 

ibid. and honour to assist him, agreed with the famous Gustavus Adolphus, 

King of Sweden, to furnish him with six thousand men, to aid him in his 
projected invasion of Germany ; but, to preserve the appearance of neu- 
trality, he empowered the Marquis to enter, in his own name, and as an 
independent prince, into a treaty with his Swedish Majesty. The Mar- 
quis immediately set about enlisting men, and soon collected a force, 
partly Scottish and partly English, with whom he was ready to embark for 
Germany, when his enemies, conceiving this a most favourable opportunity 
of ruining him with the King, preferred a charge of treason against 
him, alleging that, with the aid of the forces thus raised, he intended to 
assert his right to the Scottish crown. The chief person in this plot 
was his hereditary enemy, Lord Ochiltrie, the son of that Captain James 
Stewart who had usurped the Hamilton estates and dignities, in the time 
of his grandfather. The King, who was the first himself to inform the 
Marquis, entirely cleared him of the charge, and asserted his innocence. 
Lord Ochiltrie having been brought to trial, was condemned to perpetual 
imprisonment in Blackness Castle, where he continued upwards of twenty 
years, until he was liberated by one of Cromwell's officers. 

The Marquis set sail from Yarmouth Roads on the 16th July, with a 
fleet of forty ships, and arrived at Elsineur on the 27th of the same 
month, where he went ashore to pay his respects to the King of Den- 
mark. On the 31st, he disembarked his men near the mouth of the 
Oder, and sent information to the King of Sweden of his arrival, who 
immediately appointed him to reduce some strong places in Silesia, and 
sent him a general's commission. 


The report of his arrival was of great benefit to the King of Sweden's james, duke 

affairs, and struck such terror into his enemies that it mainly contributed 

to gain him the important battle of Leipsic, fought a short time after this. Burnet's Memoirs. 

In the meanwhile, the Marquis besieged and took several fortified places, 
by which he lost a great number of his men ; and, the plague breaking 
out among the troops, reduced his numbers so much that he had hardly 
two regiments left when he joined the King's army. He served with him 
after this more in the character of a volunteer than a general officer, until IC3 »- 

the month of September of the following year, when, seeing that his Swe- 
dish Majesty, spoiled by his successes, had failed in treating him with that 
distinction to which he was entitled, and appeared unwilling to adhere to 
the terms of the treaty, particularly the delivering up of the Palatinate, 
he returned to England. 

The following year he accompanied King Charles to Scotland, when he I633 - 

went to receive the crown of that kingdom, and assisted at the coronation, 
according to his rank and privileges. From this time, until the year 1638, 
he was little engaged in public affairs. 

He was appointed Commissioner to the General Assembly this year, 163B - 

wherein the covenanting party, having gained the ascendancy, carried every 
thing their own way, in opposition to the court, upon which he dissolved 
them. Nevertheless, they continued to sit, subscribed the covenant, and 
decreed the abrogation of bishops in the Scottish church. The King 
hereupon authorised the Marquis to treat with them, and endeavour to 
get the covenant renounced and recalled, but they plainly told him, that 
they would sooner renounce their baptism. He returned to London, 
made another fruitless journey back to Edinburgh, and returned again to 
London ; and, when the Scottish malcontents began to oppose the King 1639 - 

by force of arms, he was sent with a well-equipped fleet and a force of 
5000 men, while the King, with an army of 25,000 foot and 3000 horse, 
advanced by land. On the 1st May he entered the Firth of Forth, and 
required the leaders of the Covenanters to acknowledge the King's autho- 
rity ; but a treaty having been soon afterwards commenced by the King, 
he repaired to the camp, near Berwick, when he found that a pacification 
had taken place. After this the Marquis retired from all public employ- 
ment for some years, only attending the court in his capacity of privy 

Through his influence the Earl of Loudon obtained his release from the l6 *° 


james, duke Tower of London, where he had been committed, accused of correspond- 

OF HAMILTON. . . , , „ _, , , .. . , „ . .. 

ing with the King or Jbrance ; and that nobleman, in gratitude for having 

Buniets Memoirs, thus contributed to save his life, procured him the good will-and esteem 
of the covenanters ; and he had the chief direction in the Scottish Parlia- 
ment the following year. Becoming obnoxious to some of the opposite 
party, from the great credit and influence he had with the Covenanters, a 
plot was formed by the Marquis of Montrose and the Earl of Crawford, 
against him and the Marquis of Argyle. 

In the middle of October, while attending the Parliament held at Edin- 
burgh, the Marquis privily obtained information that a plot was laid to 
take away the lives of himself, his brother the Earl of Lanark, and the 
Marquis of Argyle, whereupon he retired with these two noblemen, and 
a few servants, to the house of Kinniel, sending his Majesty a statement 
of facts, and excuses for so doing ; but the Parliament having taken the 
affair into consideration, completely exculpated the King from having any 
knowledge of it, and invited them back to take their seats, on assurances 
of safety ; whereupon, at the end of a few days, they returned. This 
event has been usually denominated in history, as it was then, " The In- 

1641. He returned to London with the King, where, not long afterwards, he 

was seized with a severe attack of sickness, which lasted for many months. 
On his recovery, he waited on the King at York, and attended the great 
council of Peers assembled there, as a Peer of England. His Majesty, who 
judged his presence would be useful in Scotland, earnestly requested him 
]6*a, July. to proceed thither to watch over his affairs. Accordingly, the Marquis, 
and his brother the Earl of Lanark, arrived at Edinburgh, and assiduously 
employed themselves in advancing the King's interests, and preventing their 
friends and followers, and all those with whom they had influence, from 
assisting his enemies. In Parliament they used their utmost endeavours 
to form a party more favourably disposed to the King's service, and op- 
posed the measures of the Covenanters so successfully, that an agent of 
the English Parliament wrote to his employers, recommending that the 
Marquis should either be summoned to answer for his conduct in the 
House of Peers, or a warrant be sent down to Scotland to prosecute him 
as an incendiary between the two kingdoms. 

164.3. The Marquis was created Duke of Hamilton, Marquis of Clydesdale, 


Earl of Arran and Cambridge, and Lord Avon and Innerdale, by patent, james, duke 
dated at Oxford 12th April 1643, to him and the heirs-male of his body ; , 

which failing, to his brother and the heirs-male of his body ; which failing, Burnet's Memoi™. 
to the eldest heir-female of the Marquis's body, without division, and the 
heirs-male of the body of such heir-female, they bearing the name and 
arms of Hamilton ; which all failing, to the nearest legitimate heirs what- 
soever of the Marquis. 

Meanwhile, the enemies of the Duke and his brother had not been idle 
in misrepresenting them both to the King. Many foul slanders and ca- 
lumnies were cast on the Duke, and they asserted that he still supported 
his pretensions to the crown of Scotland, and had purposely thrown affairs 
into confusion there, to aid his designs ; and, hearing of his intention to 
appeal to the King himself, they affirmed that, after he and his brother 
had betrayed the King's service in Scotland, they were now coming to 
England to be spies to his enemies. But the Duke and the Earl of La- ^ 
nark, confident in their own innocence, set out for Oxford, where they 
arrived on the l6th December. His Majesty listening to a charge ob- 1643. 

viously false and malicious, they were debarred access to the royal pre- 
sence, immediately made prisoners, and confined to their lodgings during 
the King's pleasure ; and though the Duke ably refuted all the charges 
brought against him, yet his enemies had influence sufficient to procure 
an order, by which he was sent prisoner to Pendennis Castle, near Fal- 
mouth, in Cornwall. The Earl of Lanark, who was to be sent to Lud- 
low Castle in "Wales, happily made his escape, and went to London, from ]6++. 
whence he returned to Scotland, where he made it clearly appear, that, 
notwithstanding the hard usage he had met with, he continued as firm as 
ever in love and duty to the King. 

At first the Duke was treated with great severity in his confinement, 
being denied the use of writing materials, and almost every comfort, but 
afterwards this strictness was greatly relaxed by an order from his Majesty 
himself. The Duke, from his courteous and agreeable manners, and the — — 
nobleness of his deportment, entirely gained the hearts and good-will of 
his keepers, which, coming to the ears of his enemies, caused his place of 
confinement to be changed, and he was removed to St Michael's Mount, 
at the Land's-End, where he remained until the end of April 1646, when, 
the place being taken by some of the Parliament forces, he was set at 
liberty, after an imprisonment of twenty-eight months. i64s. 





Burnet's Memoirs. 

Mag. Sig. L. liii. 
No. 449. 



At fisrt the Duke resolved to live retired from public affairs, but his af- 
fection for the King prevailed ; and, after his Majesty had thrown him- 
self into the hands of the Scottish army, he went to Newcastle to wait upon 
him ; and, when they first met, his Majesty and he blushed both at once ; 
after which, the King, calling him aside, expressed himself decidedly sa- 
tisfied of his innocence, and lamented the sufferings he had endured. He 
embarked as heartily as ever in the royal cause, and he was sent to Scot- 
land to endeavour to conciliate the Estates to the King's interest ; but this 
was rendered abortive by his Majesty declining to afford them full satisfac- 
tion in matters of religion. 

The Duke had a grant of the office of Hereditary Keeper of the Palace 
of Holyrood, 10th August, 1646. 

The following year the Duke and his brother, in the Scottish Parlia- 
ment, opposed with all their influence the- delivering up of the King to 
his English subjects ; and, when they failed in this, the Duke promoted, 
with all his power, " the Engagement" to raise a force for the relief of the 
King. An army was not long in being formed, of which the Duke was 
appointed general, and had under him the Earl of Callendar as lieutenant- 
general, and Middleton and Baillie as major-generals. The troops having 
been hastdy collected together, were very indifferently appointed, many 
of the regiments not being filled up ; and some had scarce half their num- 
ber, and not well disciplined : besides, they had no artillery, and very lit- 
tle ammunition. Such was the army, in number about 10,000 foot and 
4,000 cavalry, with which he entered England to encounter the veteran 
troops of Cromwell. 

They passed through Carlisle about the beginning of July, advancing 
by Penrith, Appleby, and Kendal ; and, driving the enemy before them to 
Preston, at which place, Lambert being joined by Cromwell in person, at 
the head of a strong reinforcement, a battle ensued, in which the Scots 
were worsted, and great part of their army dispersed. The remainder, 
with the Duke, continued their route towards Uttoxeter, in Staffordshire, 
where, having only a few officers and cavalry left, he capitulated with 
General Lambert, on assurance of safety to their persons. 

The Duke was carried to Derby, and from thence to Ashby-de-la- 

Zouche, where he continued until the beginning of December, when he 

Bumefs Memoirs, was brought to Windsor Castle, and placed under a strong guard. " The 

second night after his arrival, when he was taking a turn in the court af- 



ter supper, he had not walked half an hour when a serjeant came and 
commanded him to his chamber, though many soldiers were looking on. 
He immediately went to his apartment, and said to the Lord Bargeny, who 
was a prisoner with him, that the sergeant's carriage was a notable instance 
of the vanity of worldly greatness, and the instability of man's condition, 
since he who, but a short time ago, commanded so many thousands, was 
now himself commanded by a common sergeant." 

When the King was carried through Windsor on his way to London, 
the Duke prevailed upon his keepers to permit him to see his Majesty ; 
and, as he passed along, he fell on his knees, and passionately exclaimed, 
" My dear Master !" The King, lifting him up, embraced him, but no 
converse was allowed between them, and his Majesty was instantly hur- 
ried away. The Duke long followed him with his eyes, all suffused in 
tears, and prognosticated that, in this short salutation, he had given the 
last adieu to his sovereign and his friend. 

After the King's trial and execution, the Duke, who from thence ap- 
prehended his own fate, conceiving that they who had struck the blow, 
would not be very scrupulous at breaking through the capitulation with 
himself, resolved on making his escape ; and, by the help of his equerry 
Mr Cole, afterwards equerry to King Charles the Second, he succeeded 
in getting away from Windsor under night, and reached the neighbour- 
hood of London undiscovered ; but entering the city about four o'clock 
in the morning, contrary to the directions he had received, he was taken 
up by a patrole of cavalry, and carried to St James's, where he was lodged 
in the same room with the Earl of Norwich, Lord Capel, and Sir John 

His friends, who now perceived the danger he was in, left no means 
untried to save his life, but without success ; for the usurpers brought him 
to trial before their High Court of Justice, and he was indicted that, as Earl 
of Cambridge, and a natural-born English subject, he had levied war and 
committed treason against the kingdom and people of England. 

He pleaded that what he did was by command of the Parliament and su- 
preme authority of Scotland, which had not the least dependance on Eng- 
land ; that he was born in Scotland before the naturalization of his father 
in England, consequently an alien, and not liable to be tried in England ; 
and, finally, that he had surrendered himself a prisoner of war, on capitu- 
lation, by the articles of which his life and the safety of his person were 




Burnet's Memoirs. 


Burnet, 385. 


james, duke After several meetings of the Court, his pleas were overruled on the 6th 
ofhamii.tox. of March, and he was sentenced to be beheaded on Friday the 9th of March. 
After his condemnation, he was earnestly and repeatedly solicited to save 
himself by making discoveries ; but all in vain, there being, he said, no 
choice betwixt a glorious death and an infamous life. The night pre- 
vious to his execution, the Earl of Norwich, Lord Capel, and Sir John 
Owen, who were to surfer with him, were all brought into one room. The 
Duke, who conducted himself with an extraordinary courage and com- 
posure, spent the time at his devotions, and in writing to his brother and 
Bumet'. Memoirs, his two daughters. About nine a.m. they were called to prepare them- 
selves for the scaffold, and were carried thither in sedan chairs, attended 
^ by a strong party of horse and foot. On the way to the Palace Yard in 
Westminster, where the scaffold was erected, officers came from Crom- 
well, making the most tempting offers as before, with promise of life and 
great rewards, provided he made discoveries ; but he rejected them all 
with scorn. 
iG4(i. On the scaffold he was attended in his last moments by Dr Sibbald, a 

worthy divine, who prayed with him, and administered religious consola- 
tion. After which he spoke at some length to the people with an extra- 
ordinary composure of manner and expression. When he had finished 
speaking, he called for the executioner, and desired to know how he 
should fit his body for the blow, and told him that his servants would give 
him satisfaction. After some farther directions to his attendants, and 
devotions with Dr Sibbald, he laid his head on the block, when, after a short 
prayer, he gave the signal, and the executioner, at one blow, severed the 
head from the body. It was received into a crimson taffeta scarf by two of 
his servants kneeling, and was, together with his body, immediately put 
into a coffin, which was ready on the scaffold, and from thence conveyed 
to a house in the Mews, and was afterwards, according to the orders he 
had given, sent down to Scotland, and interred in the burial place of his 

According to Burnet, " the Duke was of a middle stature, his body 
well shaped, and his limbs proportioned and straight ; in his last years 

* In the kirk-session books of Hamilton, it is stated that his corpse was carried 
from Kinniel in a coach to Hamilton, and deposited in the family vault at the old 
church, attended by a great assemblage of people. 


he inclined to fatness ; his complexion and hair were black, but his conn- james, duke 

, , „ „ n ,.„ , , , -'.. OF HAMILTON. 

tenance was pleasant and full of lire, and showed great sweetness of dis- — 

position ; his health was regular, suitable to his diet, free of sickness or 
pain, only^n his latter years he was a little subject to the stone. But 
when his body was opened all his inwards were found sound and entire ; 
so that, had not the fatal stroke brought his days to an end, he might pro- 
bably have been very long lived." 

His estates were forfeited, by Cromwell's Act of Grace, 1654, reserving 
out of them £400 per annum to his eldest daughter, Lady Anne, and £200 
to the youngest, Lady Susannah. 

His Grace married Lady Mary Fielding, daughter of William Earl of NisbetNs ff«ra!d i. 391. 
Denbigh, lady of the Queen's bed-chamber ; and by her, who died 10th 
May 1638, had three sons and three daughters. 

I. Charles, Earl of Arran. 

II. Lord James Hamilton. 

III. Lord William Hamilton, — all of whom died young. 

1. Lady Mary, who also died young. 

2. Anne, Duchess of Hamilton. 

3. Lady Susannah, married (contract dated 6th December 1668,) to 
John, seventh Earl of Cassillis, and had issue. 




william, duke William, Earl of Lanark, was born at Hamilton 14th December 1616, 
— 1 being about ten years younger than his brother. As his father died when 

^rDuL^f'Hamn- ne was veT T y° un g> ne was ^ ear ty to t ^ e care °f l us mother and the 
l0 "' kindness of his brother, who, acting the part of a father, sent him to the 

university of Glasgow ; and, when he had finished his education there, 
sent him abroad with an equipage becoming his rank and quality. After 
having travelled some years on the continent, and resided at the French 
court, where he was much esteemed, and pressed to remain, with the offer 
of some very honourable offices, he returned in 1637, being then 21 years 
of age. 

His great merits and accomplishments caused him to be received at 
court with the highest distinction, and he became a great favourite both 
with the King and Queen. He continued to reside with his brother there 
for some years, between whom a most intimate friendship commenced that 
ended only with their lives. 

He was created a peer of Scotland by the title of Earl of Lanark, Lord 
Wood's Peer. i. 706. Machanshyre and Polmont, by patent, dated at York, 31st March 1639, 
to him and his heirs-male succeeding in his estates. He was made Secre- 
tary of State for Scotland in 1640, and was arrested, along with his brother, 
at Oxford, in 1644, as has been already detailed. 

When the King put himself into the hands of the Scottish army at New- 
ark, in 1646, he was one of the commissioners sent by the Scottish Par- 
liament, and used his utmost endeavours to induce the King to agree to 
the terms submitted to him, but in vain. 

When his brother marched into England, he was appointed commander- 
in-chief of the forces in Scotland ; but being soon afterwards deprived, by 
the Act of Classes, of all his public employments, for his adherence to 
" the Engagement," he went abroad and waited on King Charles the 


Second at the Hague. He succeeded, while there, his brother as Duke william, duke 
of Hamilton and Earl of Cambridge, and was invested with the order of . 
the Garter. 

He accompanied the King to Scotland in 1650, but was not suffered, by Burnet's Memoirs, 
the Covenanting party, who then had all the power both in church and 
state, to remain with his Majesty ; whereupon he retired to the Island of 
Arran. He remained there until the end of January 1651, when he was 
permitted to come to court, and was received with much distinction by 
the King. He obtained liberty to raise a troop of horse, and he soon col- 
lected about a hundred, many of them noblemen and gentlemen, whose 
estates had been seized by the usurpers. He afterwards raised seven other 
troops, who joined the army at Moffat, previously to its entering England, 
and he accompanied the King on the whole march until they came to 
Worcester. Here they found themselves surrounded by an army of 30,000 
men, commanded by Cromwell in person, who, attacking the city on all 
sides, met with little resistance except from the Duke and General Mid- 
dleton. The Duke behaved with uncommon bravery and good conduct, 
charging repeatedly at the head of his regiment, notwithstanding the re- 
iterated solicitations of the King for him to retire, until he was wounded 
and carried into the town. His wound, when it came to be examined by 
the King's surgeon Kincaid, was found to be caused by a slug shot, which 
had completely splintered and crushed the bone of the leg a little below 
the knee, and he recommended taking off the limb ; but Trappam, Crom- 
well's surgeon, who had been called in by Kincaid, assuring the Duke 
there was no necessity for the operation, it was allowed to remain. But 
he died on the 12th of the month, nine days after he had received the 
wound. There is every probability that, had the limb been taken off, he 
might have survived. He expressed a wish that his body might be car- 
ried to Hamilton and buried with his ancestors ; but this request, not- 
withstanding the earnest solicitations of his servants, was flatly refused, 
and it was interred in the cathedral church of Worcester. 

According to Lord Clarendon, he was a man not inferior in parts or 
understanding to the wisest men in the nation ; of great honour, courage, 
and sincerity in his nature, and, what was a rare virtue at that time, was 
still the same man he pretended to be, — and, in truth, was in all respects 
a very accomplished person. Upon his deathbed he expressed a great 
cheerfulness that he had the honour to lose his life in the King's service, 


william, duke to atone for his former faults, and testify the sincerity of his devotion to 


: ______ ==== the royal cause. 

Wood's Peer. i. 706. His Grace married, in 1638, Lady Elizabeth Maxwell, eldest daughter 

and co-heiress of James, Earl of Dirleton, and by her, who married, 2dly, 

Thomas Dalmahoy, Esq. had issue — 

I. James, Lord Polmont, who died an infant, and five daughters, — 

1. Lady Anne, married to Robert, third Earl of Southesk, and had 

2. Lady Elizabeth, married to James Lord Kilmaurs, eldest son to Wil- 
liam, ninth Earl of Glencairn, without issue ; secondly, to Sir David Cun- 
ninghame of Robertland. 

3. Lady Mary, married, 1st, (contract dated 1663) to Alexander, 
second Earl of Calender ; 2dly, to Sir James Livingston of Westquarter ; 
Sdly, to James, third Earl of Findlater. 

Rob. Gen. cunn. 90. 4. Lady Margaret, married to William Blair of Blair, an ancient family 
in the shire of Ayr, and had issue. 

5. Lady Diana died young. 

By Cromwell's Act of Grace and pardon, 1654, William Duke of Ha- 
milton, deceased, was excepted from all benefit thereof, and his estates 
were forfeited, reserving out of them £400 per annum to his Duchess 
during her life, and, after her death, £100 per annum to each of his four 
daughters, and their heirs for ever. 

The Dukedom of Hamilton, with the titles and estates, in virtue of the 
patent 1643, devolved on his niece, Anne, Duchess of Hamilton. 

The English titles of Earl of Cambridge and Lord Innerdale, which 
were granted to his father the second Marquis in 1619, with limitation to 
the heirs-male of his body, became extinct with him ; but the Scottish 
honours of Earl of Cambridge and Lord Innerdale, included in the patent 
of the Dukedom granted to his brother in 1643, descended to his niece 
along with the other titles. 





Anne, Duchess of Hamilton, eldest surviving daughter of James, anne, duchess 
first Duke of Hamilton, was born about the year 1636. She married ' 
Lord William Douglas, eldest son of William, first Marquis of Douglas, w ™ d £ Fc " ( ff e ' 
by his second wife, Lady Mary Gordon, third daughter of George, first 
Marquis of Huntly. He was born 24th December 1634, created Earl 
of Selkirk, Lord Daer and Shortcleugh, by patent dated 4th August 
1646, to him and his heirs-male whatsoever. He was fined £1000 by 
Cromwell's act of grace and pardon, 1654. On the Restoration, incon- 
sequence of a petition from the Duchess, he was created Duke of Ha- 
milton for life, 12th October 1660, and at the same time he was sworn a 
Privy Councillor. 

At that time he occupied himself chiefly in the recovery of the family Bumei, i, 103. 
from the great debts under which it laboured, and was successful, under 
good and skilful management, in effecting this, at the end of a few years. 
After he had compassed this, he attended more to public affairs, and dis- 
tinguished himself, in the Parliament I673, by his opposition to Lauder- 

* The subsequent part of the Memoirs of the Ducal Family are in a great measure 
taken from Mr Wood's edition of Douglas's Peerage, lately published, which is so 
full and complete as to admit of very little addition or alteration ; but, as making 
such copious extracts from that excellent and valuable work would have been an in- 
fringement of the copyright, I waited upon Messrs Constable and Company, and 
solicited permission to make these extracts, which request these gentlemen granted in 
the most liberal and handsome manner. The articles Abercorn, Bargeny, Belhaven, 
Haddington, Orkney, Ruglen, and Selkirk, in the Second Part of this work, are 
drawn from the same source. Of the remainder, with the exception of two or tlu - ee 
others, about ninety genealogies are original. 


anne, duchess dale, — demanding that the situation of the nation should be examined, 

and its grievances redressed, before the supplies were granted. He, and 

Burnet's Memoirs, the other leaders of the opposition, were invited to court, and dismissed 
with full assurances of their demands being complied with. They has- 
tened down to Scotland, but, on their arrival, found that the Parliament 
was dissolved. This excited such violent discontent, that the assassina- 
tion of Lauderdale was proposed ; but that desperate measure was over- 
ruled and scouted by the Duke of Hamilton, who was again invited to 
court, with his friends. They requested to be heard by their Sovereign 
in person ; but being desired to present their complaints in writing, they 
declined, as the most cautious remonstrance it was possible to frame, 
could be converted into leasing-making. Thus Lauderdale became more 
absolute than ever. His opponents were displaced from council in I6j4i, 
with the exception of the Duke of Hamilton, who was at last removed, 
in I676, for opposing the sentence against Baillie of Jerviswood. Not- 
withstanding the prohibition to quit the kingdom, the Duke, and thirteen 
other Peers, repaired to court, in I678, to complain of Lauderdale's pro- 
ceedings ; but, as they had departed without permission, an audience 
was refused. At length they were heard, 25th May, in presence of the 
Cabinet Council ; but being again required to produce their complaints 
in writing, which they declining to do without a previous indemnity, the 
King declared his full approbation of the Scottish measures. On the 
breaking out of the insurrection in Scotland in 1679, the Duke of Ha- 
milton, and the Scottish Lords then in London, humanely offered to 
dispel it, without arms or effusion of blood, if the sufferings of the people 
were relieved. This offer was rejected. They afterwards obtained an 
audience, and were fully heard on their complaints against Lauderdale, 
but in vain. 

The Duke of Hamilton was invested with the Order of the Garter in 
1682, and, on the accession of James the Second, sworn a Privy Council- 
lor, and appointed one of the Commissioners of the Treasury. He was con- 
stituted an Extraordinary Lord of Session, 26th March 1686, and sworn a 
Member of the English Privy Council 14th April I687. On the arrival 
of the Prince of Orange in London, 1688, a meeting of the Scottish 
nobility and gentry then in that city was held, of which the Duke of 
Hamilton was elected President. They framed an address, 10th January 
1689, requesting the Prince to assume the government and to call a Con- 


vention of Estates. This Convention met at Edinburgh, 14th March anne, duchess 
1689, and the Duke was chosen president of that meeting, which de- OF hamilti 
dared the throne vacant, and tendered the crown to King William and 
Queen Mary, who were accordingly proclaimed. The Convention being 
turned into a Parliament, the Duke of Hamilton was constituted their 
Majesties' Lord High Commissioner thereto in June 1689. His Grace 
had the office of President of the Council and High Admiral of Scotland, 
— was again High Commissioner to the Parliament which met 18th April 
1693, — and, on the 19th December following, appointed an Extraor- 
dinary Lord of Session, being then in London ; from whence returning 
in March 1694, he died, at the Abbey of Holyroodhouse, on the 18th 
April same year, in the 60thyear of his age, and was buried at Hamilton, 
where a monument is erected to his memory, with a long inscription, 
printed in Crawford's Peerage. 

According to Burnet, he was not of polished manners, — he was rough, 
but candid and sincere. His temper was boisterous, — less calculated to sub- 
mit than to govern. He wrote well but spoke ill, — for his judgment, when 
calm, was better than his imagination. He made himself a great master in 
the knowledge of the laws, of the history, and of the families of Scotland, 
and seemed always to have a regard to justice and the good of his country. 

Anne, Duchess of Hamilton, a lady of great constancy of mind, even- 
ness of temper, solidity of judgment, and unaffected piety, survived her hus- 
band many years. Her Grace resigned her titles into the hands of King 
William, 9th July 1698, in favour of her eldest son, the Earl of Arran, who 
was accordingly created Duke of Hamilton, with the original precedency. 

The King of France, not unmindful of the services the Hamiltons had 
rendered his predecessors at different periods, engaged that justice should 
be done to the family concerning the Duchy of Chatelherault, granted to 
the Earl of Arran when Regent of Scotland and tutor to Queen Mary ; 
vide the 22d article of the Treaty of Utrecht, quoted in note below.* 

* " Spondet insuper Rex Cliristianissi- " Le Roy, T. C. promet encore qu'il fera 

mus quod Genti Hamiltonianse super Du- incessament apres la paix faite, /aire droit 
catu de Chatelraut ; Duci de Richmond a la famille a" Hamilton au sujet da Ducke 
super lis quae in Gallia petenda habet, ut de Chatelherault; au Due de Richemont 
et Domino Carolo de Douglas, circa fun- sur les pretentions qu'il a en France, comme 
dos quosdam ab ipso repetendos, aliisque, aussi auSr. Charles Douglas touchant quel- 
post pacem initam, jus quam primum fieri ques terres en fonds qu'ils repete, et a d'au- 
faciet." tres particuliers." 

From the " Actes, Memoires, et autres Pieces Authentiques concernant la paix Utrecht, tome ii. p. SOS. A 
Utrecht 1714." 22d Article of the Treaty, 11th April 1713. 



anne, duchess Soon afterwards Duchess Anne gave a commission to her third son, 
op Hamilton. the Earl of Selkirk) who went to p aris ^fa a v i ew to have the rights 

of his family recognized, and to make an arrangement with the French 
Court, so as to procure an indemnification for the pecuniary interests at- 
tached to the Duchy of Chatelherault, amounting to 500,000 livres, the 
liquidation of which sum had been placed upon the town-house of Paris, 
and allowed to fall in arrear. This partial transaction was left incomplete 
by the demise of the Duchess. She died in 1716, and was succeeded by 
her grandson, James, fifth Duke of Hamilton, a minor, leaving the French 
honours to this James, as they had originally been granted by Henry the 
Second, in 1548, with the income attached to them, in abeyance. 
The Duchess died in 1716, aged eighty.* Her issue were — 

1. Lady Mary, who was born on the 30th April 1657. 

2. James, fourth Duke of Hamilton. 

3. Lord William, who died in France without issue. 

4. Lady Catherine, baptized at Hamilton, 24th October 1662, married 
to John, first Duke of Athol, and had issue. 

5. Lord Charles, Earl of Selkirk, for whom vide article Selkirk. 

6. Lord John, Earl of Ruglen, and, on the death of his brother, Earl 
of Selkirk, for whom vide article Ruglen. 

* It is a current tradition in Clydesdale, that, during the Usurpation, she happened 
to be in the Castle of Evandale when one of Cromwell's generals passed it with some 
military going from Hamilton to Ayrshire, and caused fire upon him as he approach- 
ed the town of StrathaAen. He inquired who lived there, and being told it was a 
lady, replied, " She must be a bold woman indeed." The Castle of Strathaven 
stands upon a rocky eminence at the town of Strathaven, and round it winds a small 
rivulet called Pomilion, which falls into the Avon about a mile below. It was sur- 
rounded by a strong wall, with turrets at certain distances, and the entrance was se- 
cured by a draw-bridge. This and the Castle of Arran were alternately the residence 
of the Duchess during the Usurpation ; and, after the Restoration, she always remem- 
bered the attachment shown by her tenants and vassals in the days of her adversity, 
and made an annual visit to Strathaven at the celebration of the Lord's Supper, till 
she was prevented by the infirmities of old age. After her death, in 1716, the Castle 
was allowed to fall into disrepair. She endowed a second minister in Hamilton, an- 
other in Lesmahagow, and p. catechist in Evandale. She founded and endowed 
several schools, built bridges, and performed many acts of benevolence and piety, 
which make her name to be revered in Clydesdale to this day. 

The words Evandale and Strathaven are used here synonymously. According to Chalmers, the British or Cel- 
tic Strath, and the Anglo-Saxon Bale, equally signify a broad and extensive vale. 


7. Lord George, Earl of Orkney, for whom vide article Orkney. anne, duchess 

8. Lady Susan, married, first, in 1684, to John, second Earl of Dun- 0F hamil ton. 
donald, who died 16th May 1690; secondly, to Charles, third Marquis of 
Tweeddale, who died 15th December 1715. She had issue to both, and 

died 7th February 1737. 

9. Lady Margaret, married to James, fourth Earl of Panmure, attainted 
in 1715, and died, without issue, at Edinburgh, in 1731. 

10. Lord Basil, for whom vide article Selkirk. 

11. Lord Archibald Hamilton of Riccarton and Pardovan, in the county 
of Linlithgow in Scotland, of Court Nichola in the county of Longford, 
and Castle Confey in the county of Kildare in Ireland, was baptized 
at Hamilton Palace 17th February 1673. He was bred to the sea service; 
had a lieutenant's commission in the royal navy conferred on him at St 
Christopher's, 4th July 1690, by Admiral Wright ; had the command of 
the Sheerness, of 30 guns, 1693, and the rank of captain in the royal navy. 
A commission was made out for his being rear-admiral of the white 1709, 
but Lord Dursley having at the same time, though much his junior officer, 
a commission for vice-admiral of the blue, he declined accepting of it, and 
made a campaign in Flanders that year, distinguishing himself at the 
battle of Malplaquet. He was appointed captain-general, governor, and 
Vice-admiral of the Island of Jamaica, 15th August 1710, and had his com- 
mission renewed by King George the First, 15th February 1715. He 
commanded the Captain man-of-war in the sea-fight betwixt Admiral 
Byng and the Spanish fleet, off Cape Pesara in Sicily, I7I8 ; was consti- 
tuted one of the Lords of the Admiralty, 19th May 1729; sat at that 
board until 1738, when he was dismissed for attaching himself to and ac- 
cepting the office of surveyor-general of Cornwall from the Prince of 
Wales, then at variance with the court. On the dissolution of the Wal- 
pole administration, he was, 19th March 1742, reinstated in his seat at the 
Admiralty Board, where he continued until he was appointed Master and 
one of the Commissioners of Greenwich Hospital. He was elected member 
of Parliament for the county of Lanark, on a vacancy I7I8 ; rechosen at 
the general elections 1722 and 1727 ; elected for Queenborough, on a 
vacancy 1735, and for Dartmouth 1742. He died in Pall Mall, London, 
5th April 1754, in the eighty-second year of his age, being then senior 
captain in the British navy, and was buried in the Earl of Orkney's 
vault at Taplow. 


anne, duchess He married, first, an Irish lady, but had no issue by her, who was buried 

OF HAMILTON. ' ' J ' J ' 

===== in Westminster Abbey, 11th April 1719 ; secondly, 26th September 1719, 
Lady Jane Hamilton, fifth daughter of James, sixth Earl of Abercorn. 
That lady was, in 1736, appointed first lady of the bedchamber, mistress 
of the robes and privy purse, to Augusta, Princess of Wales ; also gover- 
ness to King George the Third, on his birth in 1738 ; and, dying at Paris 
on 6th December 1753, was buried at Montmartre. She had four sons 
and four daughters. 

1. Elizabeth Douglas, born 22d August 1720, married, 16th May 1742, 
to Francis, Earl Brooke and Earl of Warwick, and had issue ; secondly, 
to General Robert Clarke, and, dying in Dover Street, London, 24th Fe- 
bruary 1800, in her 80th year, was buried in the Ormond vault, in King 
Henry the Eighth's chapel, in Westminster Abbey. 

2. Charles Hamilton of Riccartoun, Pardovan, and Court Nichola, and 
Castle Confey, born in London on the 29th October 1721. He served 
three campaigns in the Russian service ; the first, 1740, as lieutenant in 
the regiment of Kiow ; the second and third, in 1741 and 1742, as aid- 
du-camp to Mareschal Keith, with the rank of captain, " pendant lesquel- 
les deux campagnes il m'a assiste dans la dite qualite, avec toute la bra- 
veure et intelligence require dans une telle emploie, dans toutes les occa- 
sions qui sont arrivees contre les Suedois," as appears by a certificate from 
Mareschal Keith and Comte de Lacy. He received many wounds, and 
served as a volunteer in Germany from 1742 to 1745, with his friend the 
famous Count Regnaut de Schaumbourg Lippe. He was appointed cap- 
tain of a company in the Marquis of Granby's regiment of foot 1745 ; was 
as remarkable for his parts and brilliant wit as his bravery, and died 10th 
September 177L He marrried Mary Catherine, youngest daughter of 
Colonel Dufresne, a distinguished officer, who lost an arm at the battle of 
Malplaquet in 1709, and had one child, who, in 1777, was appointed a 
lady-attendant on their Royal Highnesses the King's daughters. She mar- 
ried, in June 1785, John Dickenson, junior, Esq. of Taxal in Cheshire. 

3. Jane, born at London 9th August 1722, died 18th May 1723. 

4. A daughter, born in London 4th August 1724, died soon after. 

5. Jane, born in London 19th August 1726, married at Greenwich Hos- 
pital, 23d July 1753, to Charles, ninth Lord Cathcart, and had issue. She 
died at Petersburgh, 13th November 1771, aetatis 46. 

6. Archibald, born in Dublin 11th September 1727, a youth of uncom- 


moil promise, drowned in the river Thames, while at Westminster school, anne, duchess 
30th May 1744, aetat. 17, buried in Westminster Abbey. ' 

7- Frederick Hamilton of Riccartoun, Pardovan, Court Nichola, and 
Castle Confey, born at London 25th December 1723. The Prince of 
Wales stood godfather to him in person. He was bred to the church, by 
the express desire of his Royal Highness ; presented, in 1753, to the vi- 
carage of Wellingborough, in the county of Northampton, and to a living 
in Ireland by his cousin the Earl of Abercorn. On the accession of King 
George the Third, he was appointed one of his Majesty's chaplains. In 
1771. succeeded his brother in his Scottish and Irish estates, as heir-male 
of entail, and died at Bath 19th February 1811, in the 83d year of his 
age. He married Miss Daniel, of the kingdom of Ireland, and by her, 
who died at Brighton in November 1805, had issue, — Elizabeth, married 
to John, Earl of Aldborough ; Jane, married 12th February 1798, to 
George Halman, Esq. and died 11th June 1810; and Robert, who died 
unmarried at Swansea,* 19th November 1809- 

8. The Right Honourable Sir William Hamilton, K. B. born at the Ad- 
miralty, London, 13th December 1730, was an officer in the 3d regiment 
of foot guards, and Equerry to King George the Third ; elected member 
of Parliament for Midhurst I76I, and appointed, 1764, ambassador to 
Naples, which he enjoyed, with the uninterrupted approbation of the two 
Courts, for thirty-six years. No man was better fitted for that station : he 
did more for the advancement of the fine arts and natural philosophy than 
any individual or corporation in the kingdom of Naples, perhaps even the 
government itself. He paid frequent visits to Mount Vesuvius, Mount 
vEtna, and other volcanos, to investigate the phenomena of the erup- 
tions, which he illustrated by the Campi Phlegraei, two volumes folio, 
Naples 1776 ; a most accurate, splendid, and magnificent publication, with 
drawings, coloured from nature under his own inspection. In February 
1783, he took a journey through Calabria to observe the effects produced 
by the dreadful earthquakes which had just before desolated that beautiful 
province, and transmitted the result of his observations to the Royal So- 
ciety. He was indefatigable in bringing to light the buried treasures of 
antiquity ; promoted the publication of the magnificent account of Her- 
culaneum, and " Antiquites Etrusces, Grecques et Romains, tirees de 
Cabinet de Sieur Hamilton," thus introducing a pure and classic style in 
the arts. By his exertions in getting the English fleet refitted at Palermo 


anne, duchess was Lord Nelson speedily enabled to pursue the French, and achieve the 

'. glorious victory of Aboukir. The English nobility and gentry who visited 

Naples expressed the warmest acknowledgments for the splendid hospi- 
4 tality he exercised towards them. He was invested with the order of the 

Bath, 3d January 1772 ; was sworn a privy councillor 8th June 1791 ; 
finally quitted Naples in 1800 ; and, dying at Piccadilly in 1803, was buried 
in Wales. He married, first, 25th January 1758, the only child of Hugh 
Barlow, of Lawrenny Hall in Pembrokeshire, with whom he got a large 
estate. She died at Naples, 25th August 1782, and was buried in Wales ; 
secondly, he married at London, 6th September 1791, Miss Emma Harte, 
both without issue. 

He bequeathed his property to his nephew the Hon. C. F. Greville. 




James, eldest son of William and Anne, Duke and Duchess of Hamil- james, 

i i i '»'" -i r. ii i • • ii i FOURTH DUKE 

ton, was born on the 11th April 1658, and educated principally at the of Hamilton. 
University of Glasgow, after which he proceeded on his travels abroad. ' 


Returning to Britain, his Lordship discovered so much good sense, agree- wood» Peer. i. 7io. 

able humour, and pleasant wit, that he was soon distinguished by Charles 

the Second, who, 17th January 1679, appointed him one of the gentlemen 

of the bedchamber,* 'and, in December 1683, nominated him ambassador 

extraordinary to France, to congratulate Louis XIV. on the birth of his 

grandson Philip, Duke of Anjou. He served two campaigns under the 

French King as his aid-du-camp, the Dauphin and his Lordship being 

sworn into that office on the same day ; and he was in France when 

Charles the Second died. 1685. 

On that occasion, Louis XIV. wrote to Barillon, his resident at London : Fox's History. 
— " 9.0th February 1685. — In the present state of affairs in England, I 
have not thought it proper to give the Earl of Arran a letter to the King, 
particularly as that which I have written to him on our mutual affliction, 
and on his accession to the crown, is even contrary to custom ; and it was 
from pure motives of friendship only that I dispensed with the forms of 
etiquette which have obliged me to wait till I was informed of the change. 

* He had not been long at court before an affair of gallantry involved him in a 
quarrel with Lord Mordaunt, afterwards the celebrated Earl of Peterborough and 
Monmouth, which led to a hostile meeting betwixt the parties in Greenwich Park. , 
The Earl firing first, narrowly missed Lord Mordaunt, who generously discharged his 
pistol in the air : then, at the request of the latter, they engaged with swords. Lord 
Mordaunt was wounded about the groin ; but, running the Earl into the thigh, his 
sword broke, so that his life came into the power of the Earl of Arran, who honour- 
ably put an end to the contest, and they parted good friends. 


james, I desire, therefore, that you will acquaint his Maiesty with the cause why 

FOURTH DUKE T1 . , , ^ -, n , ■, i 

of Hamilton, i have not given any letters to the Earl ot Arran ; and, moreover, that 
you will do for this nobleman all the good offices in your power, to obtain 
for him, from the new King, such advantages as may suit him, considering 
him as a person who has ever displayed all the attachment to the service 
of the King which was compatible with his zeal for the late King of Eng- 
land, and which he will still continue to display for his present Majesty." 

In answer, Barillon wrote to the King : — " London, 26th February 1685. 
— The Earl of Arran arrived here to-day. I have not failed to render him 
all the good offices which your Majesty commanded me. From the an- 
swer which the King returned me, I believe he has good cause to hope 
being made one of the Lords of the Bedchamber ; it is what suits him best 
at present." 
Fon's History. This powerful recommendation, and his own merits, had their weight 

with James the Second, who not only continued the Earl of Arran in his 
post in the bedchamber, but also appointed him master of the wardrobe, 
and, 28th July 1685, conferred on him the command of the first or Royal 
regiment of horse. 

In the Parliament of Scotland, 29th April 1686, was passed an act, dis- 
solving from the crown, and granting to the Earl of Arran, the estates of 
Cultness, in the county of Lanark, North Berwick in the shire of Had- 
dington, and Goodtrees in Mid-Lothian, forfeited by Thomas and David 
Stewarts, elder and younger of Cultness, and annexed to the crown 1585. 
1687. On the revival of the order of the Thistle in 1687, the Earl of Arran 

was nominated one of the knights companions thereof. Going down to 
Scotland that year, in April, he attended, at Kirkbymoorside, his kinsman 
George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, in his last illness. His Lordship 
adhered firmly to James the Second, whom he did not quit till his embark- 
1688 ' ation at Rochester, 23d December 1688. At the meeting of the Scottish 

nobility and gentry, assembled in London by the Prince of Orange, in 
January 1689, of which his father the Duke of Hamilton was president, 
the Earl of Arran expressed himself thus : — " I have all the honour and 
. deference for the Prince of Orange imaginable. I think him a brave 
prince, and that we owe him great obligations in contributing so much to 
our delivery from popery ; but, while I pay these praises, I cannot violate 
my duty to my master ; I can distinguish betwixt his popery and his per- 
son ; I dislike the one, but have sworn, and do owe allegiance to the other, 


which makes it impossible for me to sign away that which I cannot for- j.yme?, 

.,., . . / _, , . , „ . . , . FOURTH DUKE 

bear believing is the King my master s right; tor his present absence in of Hamilton. 
France can no more affect my duty, than his longer absence from us has ~ 
done all the while ; and the Prince, desiring our advice, mine is, that we 
should move his Majesty to return, and call a free Parliament for the se- 
curing our religion and property, which, in my humble opinion, will at 
last be found to be the best way to heal all our breaches." 

According to the confession of the Earl of Annandale, delivered to 
King William, 14th August 1690, the Earl of Arran was deeply engaged 
in Sir James Montgomery of Skelmorly's plot for the restoration of the 
abdicated family ; and, being also suspected of corresponding with the 
Court of St Germain's, his Lordship was twice committed prisoner to the 
Tower of London, where he remained many months, but was at length 
discharged without prosecution. Returning to Scotland, he lived privately 
for some years. His father's death, in 1694, brought no accession of 
honours or estate, the same being hereditary in the Duchess his mother ; 
but King William accepting of her resignation, as already mentioned, the 
Earl of Arran was, by patent signed at Loo, 10th August 1698, created 
Duke of Hamilton, Marquis of Clydesdale, Earl of Arran, Lanark, and 
Cambridge, Lord Aven, Polmont, Machanshyre, and Innerdale, with the 
precedency of the original creation, 12th April 1643, as if he had regu- 
larly succeeded thereto. This occasioned no small surprise to the friends 
of government, his Grace's disaffection to King William being well known. 
The failure of the Darien expedition having created a great ferment in 
Scotland, the Duke of Hamilton took an active part in the affairs of the 
African Company, attending their meetings, and promoting addresses in 
their behalf. His Grace took the oaths and his seat in Parliament, 21st 
May 1700. 

In the Memoirs of Scotland, attributed to Lockhart of Carnwath, his 
Grace is thus portrayed : — " In the affair of Darien he formed a party, 
very considerable for numbers and power, that stood firm to the interests 
of the country, and asserted the independence of the nation. Had not his 
loyalty been so unalterable, and that he never would engage in King Wil- 
liam and his government's service, and his love to his country induced 
him to oppose that King and England's injustice and encroachments upon 
it, no doubt he had made as great a figure in the world as any other what- 
soever, and that either in a civil or a military capacity ; for he was master 



james, of an heroic and undaunted courage, a clear, ready, and penetrating con- 

lOURTH DUKE . , , , , , , ,. . 

or- Hamilton, ception, and knew not what it was to be surprised, having at all times, 
~ and on all occasions, his wits about him ; and though, in Parliament, he 

did not express his thoughts in a style altogether eloquent, yet he had so 
nervous, majestic, and pathetical a mode of speaking, and applying what 
he spoke, that it was valued and regarded. Never was a man so well 
qualified to be the head of a party as himself; for he could, with the great- 
est dexterity, apply himself to and sift through the inclinations of different 
parties, and so cunningly manage them, that he gained some of all to his ; 
and, if once he had entered into a new measure, and formed a project, 
(though in the doing thereof he was too cautious,) he did then prosecute 
his designs with such courage, that nothing could either daunt or divert 
his zeal and forwardness. 

" The cavaliers and country party had a great opinion and honour for 
him, and that deservedly, for it is well known he often refused great offers 
if he would leave them, and was, by his excellent qualifications and emi- 
nent station and character, absolutely necessary both to advise and support 
them. He wanted not a share of that haughtiness which is in some mea- 
sure inherent in his family, though he was affable and courteous to those 
he knew were honest men, and in whom he confided. He was extremely 
cautious and wary in engaging in any project that was dangerous ; and it 
was thought, not perhaps without too much ground, that his too great 
concern for his estate in England occasioned a great deal of lukewarm- 
ness in his opposition to the Union, and unwillingness to enter into seve- 
ral measures that were proposed to prevent the same. But his greatest 
failing lay in his being somewhat too selfish and revengeful, which he car- 
ried along with him in all his designs, and did thereby several times pre- 
judice the cause for which he contended. And to these two failings any 
wrong steps he shall be found to make are solely to be attributed. But 
since it is certain there is no mortal without some imperfection or other, 
and his were so small and inconsiderable in respect of Ins great endow- 
ments and qualifications, we may well enough pass them over, and con- 
clude him a great and extraordinary man ; and, whensoever a loyal and 
true Scotsman shall reflect on his actions, he cannot fail to admire and 
love him for the service he did his King and country, and number him 
amongst those worthies whose memories ought ever to be reverenced in 


So formidable, indeed, was the opposition headed by his Grace, that jambs. 
King William's ministers thought it impossible to stem the torrent without of Hamilton-. 

his Majesty's presence in Scotland. Parliament, after sitting a few days, -" 

was, on the 30th May 1700, adjourned to October ; and in that interval 
the most indefatigable exertions were made by ministers to gain individual 
votes, and the King's coming down was strongly and repeatedly urged. 
The King, however, did not think proper to comply with these wishes of 
ministers; but, by the proper application of money and disposal of places, 
they at length succeeded in securing a majority of votes in Parliament. 
The Duke and Duchess made a most splendid entry into Edinburgh be- 
fore the meeting of Parliament, which, after some adjournments, sat clown noo. 
29th October. In that session his Grace exerted himself, with consum- 
mate eloquence, in support of the claims of the African Company, and in 
reprobating the affair of Darien. But all opposition to ministers was una- 
vailing, — they carried every point ; and Parliament was adjourned 1st Fe- 
bruary 1701. 

On the accession of Queen Anne, 8th March 1702, his Grace, with 
many of the chief nobility and gentry, went to London to endeavour to 
prevail with her Majesty to call a new Parliament ; but her Majesty did 
not think it proper to adopt this advice, and the Convention Parliament 
was summoned to meet on the 9th June 1702. On that day the session 
was opened ; and, as soon as prayers were said, his Grace made a speech 
against the legality of the meeting, entered a protestation to that effect, 
and then withdrew, with seventy-nine members who adhered thereto. 
This patriotic band, as it was called, went in a body from the Parliament- 
house, amidst the acclamations of the people, to the Cross-Keys Tavern, 
where the night was spent in mirth and festivity. They sent up Lord 
Blantyre with an address to the Queen, showing their reasons for this pro- 
cedure, which her Majesty refused to receive. This Parliament sat till 
the 30th June, and was soon after dissolved. 

The first session of the new Parliament was opened 6th May 1703, when 
the Duke of Hamilton presented the draft of " An act for recognizing and 
asserting her Majesty's authority, and her undoubted right and title to the 
imperial crown of this kingdom," which was agreed to, with the addition of 
a. clause presented by the Lord Advocate, declaring it high treason to im- 
pugn or quarrel her exercise of the government since her actual entry there- 
to' By this clause, which met with opposition, the legality of the preceding 


james, session of Parliament was established. The second session of Parliament 
ok HAMii/roN. took place 11th July 1704. On the 17th July, the Duke of Hamilton 
" moved that a resolve, presented by him on the 14th, " That this Parlia- 
ment will not proceed to the nomination of a successor until we have had 
a previous treaty with England, in relation to our commerce and other 
concerns with that nation, should be resumed into consideration." This 
being done, the Earl of Rothes presented another resolve, in these terms : 
" That this Parliament will go, in the first place, into the consideration 
of such conditions and regulations of government as may be proper to 
rectify our constitution, and vindicate and secure the independency of the 
kingdom, and then the Parliament will take into consideration the resolve 
offered for a treaty, previous to nomination." After some debate, Sir 
James Falconer of Phesdo moved that the two resolves be conjoined, which 
motion was carried against ministers, 122 to 80, 32 of the nobility in the 
majority and 33 in the minority. A clay was fixed for the nomination of 
commissioners to treat with England ; but the Dukes of Hamilton and 
Athol refusing to concur with the Duke of Queensberry and Earl of Sea- 
field, whom they wished to exclude, the opportunity of securing the ap- 
pointment was irretrievably lost. On the 25th August was passed the 
famous " Act for the security of the kingdom," by which the Estates of 
Parliament were authorised to meet, twenty days after the death of the 
Queen, to nominate and declare the successor to the imperial crown of 
the realm, the said successor being always of the royal line of Scotland, 
and of the true Protestant religion, providing always that the same be not 
successor to the crown of England, unless, during her Majesty's reign, 
there be such conditions of government settled and enacted as may 
secure the honour and sovereignty of this crown and kingdom ; the free- 
dom, frequency, and power of Parliament ; the religion, liberty, and trade 
of the nation from English or any foreign influence. When the Princess 
Sophia and her descendants were thus conditionally excluded, the next 
heir of the royal line and Protestant faith was the Duke of Hamilton. The 
calumny repeatedly thrown out against the family was now revived. It 
was said that from this moment a gleam of royalty opened on his Grace's 
mind, and the attachment he had hitherto maintained to the exiled family 
was shaken by the remote prospect of a throne. — The Parliament adjourned 
on the 28th of August. 
In this session the Cavaliers or Country Party were joined by the Duke 


of Athol, indignant at the discovery of Fraser of Beaumont's plot, — a cir- .tames, 
cumstance that did not promote harmony, as his Grace aspired to be the of Hamilton. 
leader of the party, and would not submit to the superior talents and in- — 

fluence of his brother-in-law the Duke of Hamilton. The next meeting 
of Parliament took place 3d July 1705. On the 31st July, when the draft >705. 

of an act and commission for a treaty with England was read, the Duke of 
Hamilton moved, " That the Parliament proceed to the necessary acts for 
regulating our trade, the rectification of our present constitution, and the 
limitations, in terms of the resolve of the preceding session ;" and his 
Grace's motion was carried by a great majority. On a subsequent day, 
his Grace moved, " That the Union to be treated on should no ways dero- 
gate from any fundamental laws, ancient privileges, offices, rights, liberties, 
or dignities of this nation." This the Court vigorously opposed, as repug- 
nant to their plans of an entire and incorporating union, and the motion 
was negatived by a majority of two votes. — On the 1st September 1705, 
the Duke of Hamilton adhered to the Duke of Athol's protest, " That no 
act for a. treaty with England ought to pass unless a clause be adjected 
thereto, prohibiting the commissioners that may be appointed for carrying 
on the said treaty to depart the kingdom in order thereto, until a clause 
of an act of the last session of the English Parliament, adjudging the sub- 
jects of Scotland aliens, shall be rescinded." After this protest was given 
in, it being late, a motion was made that the further proceedings in this 
act be delayed till the next sederunt ; and the vote being stated, Proceed 
in this act, or delay? — it carried proceed. Thereafter the vote was stated, 
Leave the nomination of the commissioners to the Queen, or to be done 
by the Estates of Parliament? — and carried, by a majority of eight votes, to 
be left to the Queen. The Duke of Hamilton, contrary to expectation, 
voted with the majority, saying that, in order to prevent all faction or 
party in the treating of an affair of such importance, he freely left the no- 
mination of commissioners to her Majesty. This material point being 
gained, the act was again read, and put to the vote, Approve or not ? — 
and carried approve. — Parliament adjourned on the 21st September. 

The last session of the last Parliament of Scotland commenced 3d Oc- 
tober 1706. The treaty of Union met with the most determined opposi- 
tion from the Duke of Hamilton, who, in debate respecting the first article 
of that treaty, 2d November, said, "What! shall we, in half an hour, koctiiarfa Memoir., 
yield what our forefathers maintained with their lives and fortunes for 


james, many ages ? Are none of the descendants here of those worthy patriots 
of Hamilton. wno defended the liberty of their country against all invaders — who assist- 
===== ed the great King Robert Bruce to restore the constitution, and avenge 
the falsehood of England and usurpation of Baliol ? Where are the Dou- 
glasses and the Campbells? where are the peers? where are the barons? 
once the bulwarks of the nation ? Shall we yield up the sovereignty and 
independency of Scotland, when we are commanded by those we repre- 
sent to preserve the same, and assured of their assistance to support us?" 
This speech drew tears from the eyes of many of his auditors. 

From the 4th November, when the vote was put, Approve of the first 
article of the Union or not? to the 16th January J707» when Parliament 
approved of the act ratifying and approving of the treaty of the Union, the 
Duke of Hamilton voted against every article of that treaty, with the excep- 
tion of the first clause of the fifteenth article, relating to the equivalent; and 
his Grace adhered to every protest against it. All this was in the way of 
fair opposition. His Grace would not enter into the violent measures of his 
party ; and, when a body of 7000 or 8000 men, well armed, were appointed 
to rendezvous at Hamilton, to push forward to Edinburgh and disperse the 
Parliament, his Grace, a day or two before the appointed time, sent ex- 
presses privately through the whole country, strictly requiring all con- 
cerned to put off their design ; and he being entirely trusted, by these 
means so thwarted and broke the measure, that not above 500, who were 
more forward than the others, came to the place appointed. Thus the 
Duke had the merit of saving Scotland from all the horrors of civil blood- 
shed, in which too many of the Opposition were ready to plunge the 

Great numbers of the landed gentlemen of Scotland, who were averse 
Leckhmfs Memoirs, to the Union, having come to Edinburgh, and many more being expected, 
a national address was prepared, requesting the Queen to call a new Par- 
liament, as the only means to avert the miseries of a compulsive Union ; 
but the Duke of Hamilton requiring the addition of a clause expressive 
of a desire to settle the succession on the House of Hanover, this occa- 
sioned a delay that rendered the plan abortive. When the representation 
of the Parliament of Scotland in the Parliament of Great Britain was 
under discussion, his Grace proposed that the Marquis of Annandale 
should renew his motion for establishing the same succession with Eng- 
land ; and that, on its rejection, the country party should enter a solemn 


protestation, secede for ever from the House, and resume the national ad- jamks. 

i i ^ tt t , • i i ■> t FOURTH DUKK 

dress to the Queen. Had this measure heen duly executed, we are assured of Hamilton. 

that the Commissioner and his friends were prepared to adjourn the Par- 
liament, and desist from a Union, to which the general aversion of the 
people could no longer be concealed. A day was fixed for the protesta- Lockhan's Memoirs 
tion, — a detailed and high-spirited address was prepared, — but the whole ' ' 
came to nothing, for, on the day appointed, the Duke of Hamilton was 
seized with a severe fit of the toothache. His Grace, however, was pre- 
vailed upon to attend the House ; but, refusing to be the presenter of the 
protestation, although he engaged to be the first adherer thereto, so much 
time was spent in wrangling that point, that the opportunity was lost, — the 
representation article was approved of, — the Country Party abandoned all n>id. :&!■ 
concert, — and, in a few days, deserted the House in despair. 

His Grace's declining to be the presenter of the protestation, (which it 
does not appear he ever promised to do,) is stated to have been the result of 
an interview the preceding evening with the Duke of Queensberry, Lord 
High Commissioner, who informed his Grace, that to him alone the mis- 
carriage of the Union would be imputed by the Queen, whose favour, 
amidst all the mazes of opposition, he was unwilling to forfeit. His grand- 
son, Charles Hamilton, in his Memoirs, gives a different account, saying, Hamilton's Transac 
" At this juncture the Duke received a letter from the Larl of Middleton, 
the Secretary of State to the Pretender, wherein, after acquainting him 
with the recent engagements he had entered into with the Queen's mini- 
sters, in order to procure a peace to Louis XIV, to whom he was so much 
indebted, he beseeched his Grace, in the behalf of his master, to forbear 
giving any further opposition to the Union, as he had extremely at heart 
to give his sister this pro#f of his ready compliance with her wishes, not 
doubting but he would one day have it in his power to restore Scotland to 
its ancient weight and independence. The letter concluded with recom- 
mending the business to be kept a profound secret, as he must be sensible 
that a discovery might eventually materially prejudice their interests both 
in England and Scotland. Thunderstruck at this extraordinary and unex- 
pected request, — wounded to the quick at not having had previous notice 
of the negotiation while on foot, that he might have taken his measures 
accordingly, — the Duke abandoned himself to despondence. The conflict- 
ing struggle within his breast preyed visibly upon his health, and at last 
produced a violent fit of illness, which had nearly deprived his country of 
his further services, and his family of his protection." 

tions, p. 54. 


james; " To this hitherto unaccounted-for incident is to be attributed the con- 

FOURTH DUKE . „ . . „ ,. . , . ..... 

of Hamilton, duct ot his Grace on this occasion, not to the inconsistent and invidious 
= : motives propagated by the partial Lockhart and the vain Colonel Hooke, 
— the last of whom he disdained to admit to any share of his confidence. 
The Duke, alluding to that letter of Middleton's, wrote to his son at St 
Germains, 7th March 1707> — ' I am very sensible of your unhappiness at 
V my illness, and your joy at my recovery. You have been very near losing 
a friend and a father, but, thank God, I am growing stronger every day, 
and I hope to live a few years longer yet for your sake. Tell Lord Middle- 
ton not to be uneasy about his letter. I have been too sick to answer it, 
but I burnt it, with other papers, for fear of accident, so that his secret 
would have gone to the grave with me. He has been duped as I expected. 
He might have known the men with whom he was dealing.' " 

His Grace pointedly disapproved of the mission of Colonel Hooke to 
Scotland, to excite the friends of the Pretender to declare for him. He 
Hamilton'! Transac. wrote to the Pretender, 7th May 1707, warmly recommending to him to 
cherish the friendly disposition of his sister Queen Anne, and by all means 
to abstain from any attempt which might give her umbrage or increase her 
perplexity. The Pretender, however, resolved to make a descent on Scot- 
land ; whereupon the Duke of Hamilton retired to his seat in Staffordshire, 
to avert suspicion. When the French fleet appeared off* the coast in 1708, 
his Grace was taken into custody and carried to London, but was admit- 
ted to bail, his sureties being the Duke of Newcastle, the Earl of Wharton, 
and the Lord Halifax. At the keenly-contested general election, 17th 
June 1708, his Grace was returned one of the sixteen representatives of 
the Scottish peerage, and re-chosen next general election, I7JO. On the over- 
throw of the whig ministry, the Duke was, 1st October 1710, appointed lord- 
lieutenant and custos-rotulorum of the county palatine of Lancaster, 
Ranger of the Queen's forests therein, Admiral of the sea-coasts of that 
county, and admitted Privy Councillor. His Grace was created a Peer of 
Great Britain, by the title of Baron of Dutton, in Cheshire, and Duke of 
Brandon, in the county of Suffolk, by patent, dated 11th September 1711. 
At the meeting of Parliament in December, notice being taken in the House 
of Lords, that, in the list of the nobility delivered by Garter King at Arms, 
there is inserted, James, Duke of Hamilton and Brandon, among the 
Dukes ; and the House being informed that a patent is passed the great seal, 
for creating the said Duke of Hamilton Duke of Brandon, it was ordered 
that the said patent should be laid before the House on Thursday 20th 


December, when they would take it into consideration. On that day, jamks. 

i i. ' i n i i-* i i. in -i o ill i FOURTH DUKE 

counsel were heard for the Duke or Hanulton. Several debates ensued ; of Hamilton. 

and a motion for taking the opinion of the twelve judges, " Whether the 

liiii ia^tt r i~\ Tt • Robertson's Proceet 

Queen be disabled, by the Act of Union, to grant a peerage of Great Bit- in gs , p. 52. 
tain, with all the privileges depending thereon, to any person who was a 
peer of Scotland before the Union?" having been negatived by a majority 
of 14 votes, the question was put, " That no patent of honour, granted to 
any peer of Great Britain, who was a peer of Scotland at the time of the 
Union, can entitle such peer to sit and vote in Parliament, or sit upon the 
trial of peers ?" when the contents were 57, non-contents 52, consequent- 
ly the question was carried by a small majority of 5. A protest was en- 
tered the same day ; and the Scottish peers discontinued their attendance 
in the House of Lords. The Queen, interesting herself anxiously for the 
Duke of Hamilton, was present at the debates on the '20th December in- 
cognita ; and, 17th January 1712, sent a message to the House of Lords, 
under her royal sign-manual, earnestly desiring their advice and concur- 
rence in finding out the best method of settling this affair, to the satisfac- 
tion of the whole kingdom. In consequence of this message, on the 25th 
January the House of Lords agreed to the following report of the com- 
mittee of the whole House, appointed to take it into consideration, viz. : 
" That the sitting of the Peers of Great Britain, who were peers of Scot- 
land before the Union, in this House, by election, is alterable by Parlia- 
ment, at the request of the Peers of Great Britain, who were peers of 
Scotland before the Union, without any violation of the Union." Although 
no alteration followed immediately upon this resolution, yet it appeased 
the Scottish peers so far that they returned to the House of Lords. On 
the death of Earl Rivers, the Duke of Hamilton was, 5th September 
1712, appointed master-general of the ordnance ; and, in addition to the 
order of the Thistle, originally bestowed on him by King James the Se- 
cond, the Queen thought fit to decorate his Grace with the order of the 
Garter, into which he was installed, at a chapel held at Windsor, 26th Oc- 
tober same year. It was remarked to her Majesty that the case was with- 
out a precedent, and that no two such distinct orders had ever been worn 
by any subject ; to which the Queen replied, — " Such a subject as the. Hamilton's Transac- 
Duke of Hamilton has a preeminent claim to every mark of distinction 
which a crowned head can confer. I will henceforth wear both orders 




j a mls. His Grace was, a few days afterwards, appointed ambassador extraordi- 

VOURTH DUKE _ . . . _ , - __ , , , .. 

of Hamilton, nary to J. 1 ranee upon the conclusion or the treaty of Utrecht; but, while 
splendid preparations were making for that embassy, the Duke of Hamil- 
ton fell in a duel with Charles, Lord Mohun, Baron of Oakhampton in 
Devonshire, (who was also killed on the spot,) in Hyde Park, on Saturday, 
15th November 1712, in the 55th year of his age, and was buried with his 
ancestors at Hamilton. 

His Grace and Lord Mohun had married two nieces of Charles, Earl of 
Macclesfield, and for several years had been engaged in a Chancery suit 
for part of his estate, which created much animosity, inflamed by their 
espousing different sides in Parliament. At a meeting in the chambers of 
Mr Orlebar, master in Chancery, 13th November 1712, high words passed 
betwixt them, particularly during the examination of Lady Gerard's stew- 
ard Mr Whitworth, when the Duke, saying he had neither truth nor jus- 
tice in him, Lord Mohun answered, " I know Mr Whitworth is an honest 
man, and has as much truth as your Grace." At parting, the Duke, 
going out first, made a low bow to Lord Mohun, who, in like manner, 
returned his Grace's civility, so that the rest of the company did not 
apprehend any bad consequence. Lord Mohun, thinking himself ill used, 
sent General Macartney to the Duke with a message to that effect, on 
Friday 14th November, when the General called repeatedly at his house, 
and at last, towards four o'clock, was admitted, and received with great 
civility. After delivering his message, the Duke said, " My Lord Mohun 
was very far in the wrong to me last night, and I went abroad early this 
morning on purpose to tell him so, but, missing of the friend I looked for, 
and hearing that you had been twice at my door, I guessed, from your in- 
timacy with Lord Mohun, that you might probably come from him, else he 
should have heard from me before now." His Grace then desired the Gene- 
ral to inform Lord Mohun that he would meet him when and where he 
pleased, and to fix the time and place ; but the General saying he had no 
authority to that effect, and that he thought the difference might be very 
easily accommodated, the Duke appointed a meeting at the Rose tavern in 
Covent-Garden, to discourse on the subject. General Macartney returned, 
at half past four, to the Globe tavern, (where he had dined with Lord Mo- 
hun, Sir Robert Rich, and Colonel Churchill,) took Lord Mohun to the 
Rose tavern, and, to prevent the two peers meeting by surprise, directed 
the waiter to show the Duke of Hamilton, when he called, into another 


room. His Grace came in a quarter of an hour afterwards, his whole james. 
dress changed from a long wig and velvet clothes to a riding wig and of Hamilton. 
stuff coat, without either star or ribbon, only a St Andrew's cross on an " 
old white cloak, and said, smiling to the General, " You see I am come, 
en cavalier;" to which he replying, " I hope it is upon some other gal- 
lant occasion, no way relating to our last discourse." The Duke answer- 
ed, " No, faith, 'tis for the business you know of, car je suis prest a tout." 
Colonel Hamilton, the Duke's friend, was then called in, a gentleman who 
had an old prejudice to the General for being made Major in the Scottish 
Guards over his head, besides a later difference which happened in Scot- 
land at the raising of the General's regiment there. At this rencontre the 
General lost all hope of an accommodation ; however, a bottle of claret 
being on the table, he drank to a happy conclusion of the affair. " With 
all my heart," said the Duke ; " and now we have no more to do but to 
settle the time and place. I think by seven o'clock, in Hyde Park, will 
be most convenient." " My Lord," said the General, " it is not light by 
seven ; and, besides, I have not yet consulted Lord Mohun on this point, 
for I came here on another view, which, by the present disposition, I find 
must be now laid aside." " Well, well," said the Duke, " since you know 
the time, I'll expect my Lord Mohun there before eight o'clock. We can- 
not mistake now, so I am your humble servant." The General left the 
room, and the Duke joined some other company that waited for him. 
Lord Mohun supped at the King's Arms in Pali-Mall with the Duke of 
Richmond and others. About midnight, the General called and took his 
Lordship to a bagnio in Long Acre, where they slept in a room with two 
beds. The Duke, next morning, went in his chariot to Colonel Hamil- 
ton's lodgings at Charing Cross, and hurried him away. The Colonel 
having forgot his sword, his Grace stopt the carriage, gave the servant a 
bunch of keys, with orders to bring a mourning sword out of a particular 
closet, and then drove to Hyde Park, where they found Lord Mohun and 
General Macartney before them. The Duke made some compliment, and 
threw off his cloak, when Lord Mohun bowing to him, said, " I must ask 
your Grace one favour, which is, that these gentlemen may have nothing 
to do in our quarrel." To this the Duke answering, " My Lord, I leave 
them to themselves," all immediately drew and engaged. Colonel Hamilton, 
putting aside a full pass of General Macartney's, wounded himself in the 
instep ; but, after some parrying, Macartney closed in, and, getting the 


james, Colonel's sword from him with his left hand, the Colonel caught hold of 

of Hamilton, the General's sword. The park keepers coming up, found them on their 

' .—— i e g S c i ose struggling, the Colonel pulling at the blade of the General's 

6word with both his hands, while the General had the Colonel's sword in 
his left hand, free over the Colonel's right shoulder. One of the keepers 
took their swords, and then they went up to the principals, whom they 
found on the ground, Lord Mohun in a manner betwixt sitting and lying, 
bending forwards to the Duke, who was on his knees, leaning to his left, 
almost across Lord Mohun, both holding each other's swords fast, and 
striving, but neither able to disengage himself from the other. The 
Colonel and one of the keepers supported the Duke about thirty yards 
towards the cake-house, but his Grace, saying he could walk no farther, 
sunk down on the grass and expired. His body was brought to his house 
in St James's Square the same morning, while his Duchess was still asleep.* 
Such was the animosity with which they fought, that, neglecting the 
rules of art, they seemed to run on one another, as if they tried who should 
kill first. Each had received four wounds ; those of the Duke were, one 
in the joint of the right elbow, by which he lost so much blood that it oc- 
casioned his dying so soon ; another in the left breast, penetrating down- 
ward into his body ; a large wound on the outside of the right leg, about 
seven inches long, and an inconsiderable one in the left foot. Lord 
Mohun's were, one on the right side through his body ; another on the left 
side ; a third on the superior and interior part of the left thigh ; the fourth, 
which caused his immediate death, was a large wound in the left groin, 
going down through the great vessels of the thigh. He had also two or 
three of the fingers of the left hand cut.t 

This event occasioned no small fervent. The Duke's death was im- 
puted to the Whigs, as if they had been afraid of his promoting the 
interest of the Pretender ; and it was said that uncommon pains were 
taken to spirit up Lord Mohun, who had little inclination to cany the 

* This account of the duel is taken from Hamilton's Transactions, and a letter from 
General Macartney to Colonel Gardner, dated Ostend, 4-15th December 1712, 
printed in a quarto pamphlet. 

f Lord Mohun was no stranger to these affairs. He was twice tried by his peers, 
first, in 1692, for the murder of William Mountford the player, when 14 voted guilty, 
69 not guilty ; secondly, in 1699, for the murder of Charles Coote, Esq. but was 
unanimously acquitted. — The Earl of Warwick and Holland, also tried for the same 
murder, was found guilty of manslaughter. — State Trials. 


affair to an extreme. Examinations were taken before the Privy Council, jawes, 
where Colonel Hamilton swore that, having disarmed General Macartney, of Hamilton. 

he flung down the swords, and ran to the assistance of the Duke, who had " '~~ — ' 

fallen, and went on to say — " As I was raising up my Lord Duke, I saw 
Macartney make a push at his Grace. I immediately looked to see whether 
he had wounded him, but, perceiving no blood, I took up my sword, ex- 
pecting that Macartney would attack me again, but he walked off. Just 
as he was going, up came the keepers and others, to the number of nine 
or ten." In consequence of this deposition, a proclamation was issued, 
offering a reward of £500 from government, and £300 from the Duchess of 
Hamilton, for the apprehension of General Macartney,* " who, as appeared oidmixon, n. an. 
upon oath, gave the Duke the wound of which he died." The peers of Hamiiton'^Transacf" 
Scotland united in an address to her Majesty, that she would be pleased tlons ' 280 ' 
to write to all the kings and states in alliance with her, not to shelter 
General Macartney, but to cause him to be apprehended, and sent over 
to England. In the House of Commons, 11th April 1713, leave was Commons' journals, 
given to bring in a bill to abolish trials by single combat, and to prevent 
duelling. The bill was read twice, and committed 25th June, but was 
afterwards dropped. 

Such was the tragical termination of the active life of this great man, who 
uniformly manifested the truest affection and warmest attachment to his 

* General Macartney kept himself concealed, and embarked at Dover 24th Novem- 
ber, landed at Ostend, and established his residence at Antwerp, where the Duke's 
son, Charles Hamilton, challenged him, which he declined. After the accession of 
George I., the General surrendered himself, was tried at the King's Bench, 13th June 
1716. The jury, by direction of the court, acquitted him of the murder, but found 
a verdict of manslaughter, of which he was discharged by the formality of a cold iron, 
immediately made use of to prevent appeal. At this trial, Colonel Hamilton deviated 
from what he had sworn before the Privy Council, and only averred that he saw Mac- 
artney's sword over the Duke's shoulder. The surgeon, who opened his Grace's body, 
accounted for the wound in his left breast, to the satisfaction of the court, by saying, 
that the Duke, using his sword with equal ease and dexterity in either hand, would, 
on receiving the wound in his right elbow, shift his weapon to the left, and push at 
Lord Mohun's left groin, thereby exposing his left breast to his antagonist's thrust ; 
and that otherwise it was impossible to account for Lord Mohun's mortal wound. 
A circumstance of no small weight, was Colonel Hamilton's not getting General 
Macartney seized by the park keepers, who immediately came up, but suffered him 
to walk off. 

Colonel Hamilton was obliged to sell his company in the Guards, and leave the king- 
dom, to avoid a prosecution for perjury, and died 17th October 1716. 


james, native country ; a circumstance that will account for whatever appears in- 
of Hamilton, consistent in his political conduct. Indeed, ever since the Revolution, his 
===== whole life was a continual struggle betwixt the amor patrue and his inclina- 
tion to support the interests of the abdicated family, in which the former 
uniformly prevailed. To his Grace, Scotland is indebted for its preserva- 
tion from the horrors of civil war in 1707> a circumstance of itself sufficient 
to endear his memory to every native of that country. Lockhart of Carn- 
wath's character of his Grace has already been recited. Mackay, in his 
Memoirs, says of him, " He is brave in his person, with a rough air of 
boldness, — of good sense, — very forward and hot for what he undertakes, 
— ambitious and haughty, — a violent enemy, — of a middle stature, — well 
made, — of a black coarse complexion, — a brisk look, — towards fifty year3 
old." Parnell, in his verses on the peace of 1712, thus notices the Duke's 
fate : — 

Half peopled Gaul, whom numerous ills destroy, 

With wishful heart attends the promised joy ; 

For this prepares the Duke, Oh sadly slain ! 

'Tis grief to name him, whom we mourn in vain. 

No worth of verse repairs the vital flame, 

For verse can only grant a life in fame ; 

Yet could my praise, like spicy odours shed, 

In everlasting song embalm the dead ; 

To realms, that weeping, heard the loss, I'd tell 

What courage, sense, and faith with Brandon fell ! 

His Grace married, first, Lady Anne Spencer, eldest daughter of Robert, . 
second Earl of Sunderland, born 24th June 1666. They had two daughters, 
who died young; and their mother dying at Kinniel, 1690, in her 24th 
year, was buried at Hamilton.* His Grace married, secondly, at Bushy 

* After her death his Grace, then Earl of Arran, had, by Lady Barbara Fitzroy, 
bom 16th July 1672, third daughter of Charles the Second and the Duchess of Cleve- 
land, a son, Charles Hamilton, born at Cleveland House, 30th March 1691, during 
his father's confinement in the Tower. Queen Mary and the Duke of Hamilton, in- 
censed at the discovery of this intrigue, made the retreat of Lady Barbara to the 
Continent the principal condition of his release. The lady accordingly withdiew to 
the nunnery of Pointoise, where she died. Her son was reared at Chiswick by the 
Duchess of Cleveland, and afterwards sent to France, where the care of his person 
and education was intrusted to the Earl of Middleton, secretary of state to James the 
Second. He was admitted to an unlimited share of that nobleman's confidence, and 


Park, upon Sunday the 17th July 169S, (marriage-contract dated 15th June james, 
preceding,) Elizabeth, only child and heiress of Digby, fifth Lord Gerard, OF Hamilton! 

of Gerard's Bromley, by Lady Elizabeth Gerard, youngest daughter of " ~ ' 

Charles, fifth Earl of Macclesfield. By this marriage great estates in the 
counties of Lancaster and Stafford came to the family of Hamilton. Her 
Grace died at London, 13th February 1744, in her 63d year, having had 
seven children. 

1. Lady Elizabeth, who died at Hamilton 2d April 1702. 

2. Lady Catharine, died 22d December 1712. 

3. James, fifth Duke of Hamilton. 

4. Lady Charlotte, married, 1st May 1736, to Charles Edwin, of Dun- 
raven and Llanvihangel in Glamorganshire, who died member of Parlia- 
ment for that county, at Kensington, 29th June 1756. Lady Charlotte 
was one of the ladies of the bedchamber to Augusta, Princess of Wales, 
and died at London, 5th February 1777> i" her 74th year, without issue, 
leaving a large fortune, chiefly to the Duke of Hamilton. 

5. Lord William Hamilton, chosen member of Parliament for the county 
of Lanark, at the general election, 1734, but died of a fever in Pall Mall, 
London, 11th July, same year, and was buried at Hamilton. He married, 
30th April 1733, Frances, only daughter and heiress of Francis Hawes, of 
Purley Hall, in Berkshire, but had no surviving children by her, who, in 
May 1735, took to her second husband, William, second Viscount Vane ; 

held in great consideration by the Court of St Germains, where he was designed 
Count of Arran. After his father's death he went to Antwerp, and sent a challenge 
to General Macartney, but it was not accepted. The loss of his father, followed by a 
train of disappointments, drove him at length to Switzerland, where he divided his 
days betwixt the pursuits of alchemy and a friendly intercourse with the Earl Mari- 
schall of Scotland. He wrote " Transactions during the reign of Queen Anne, from 
the Union to the death of that Princess, by Charles Hamilton, Esq." published by his 
son at London, in one vol. 8vo. 1790. Dying at Paris, 13th August 1754, setatis 64, 
he was buried at Montmartre. He married, in 1737, Antoinette Courtney of Ar- 
chambaud, by whom he had an only child, Charles Hamilton, born at Edinburgh 
16th July 1738, who published The Patriot, a tragedy, altered from the Italian of 
Metastasio, and died at the Abbey of Holyroodhouse, 9th April 1800, eetat. 62. He 
married Johanna, widow of Captain Walter Young, of the royal navy, by whom he 
had an only child, Charles Hamilton, born at Tingrith in Bedfordshire, 20th Decem- 
ber 1783, who died unmarried at Bangalore, in the East Indies, 16th November 1801, 
in his 18th year. 


james, and dying without issue, 31st March 1788, set. 70, was buried at Ship- 

rOURTH DUKE ,'. . , r 

of Hamilton, bourne, in Kent. 

6. Lady Susan, appointed, 22d March 1731, lady of the bedchamber 
to the three eldest princesses, married, in August 1736, to Anthony Tracy 
Keck, of Great Tew, in the county of Oxford, grandson of John, third Vis- 
count Tracy, and died 3d June 1755, leaving issue, Henrietta Charlotta, 
Viscountess Hereford, Susan, Lady Elcho, and others. 

7- Lord Anne, so named after the Queen, his godmother, who was born 
in St James's Square, London, on Wednesday 12th October 1709j and was 
christened Sunday 13th November following, the Queen honouring him 
by being godmother, and the Duke of Marlborough and the Earl of Sun- 
derland stood godfathers. Had an ensign's commission in the 2d regi- 
ment of Foot Guards 1731, but resigned it in 1733, when some changes 
took place in the administration, Sir Robert Walpole triumphing over his 
opponents. He died in France, 25th December 1748, and his body was 
interred at St James's, Westminster, 7th July 1749. He married at Bath, 
in October 1742, Anna Charlotta Maria, daughter and heiress of Charles 
Powell of Penybank, in the county of Carmarthen, (by Mary, daughter of 
Sir Thomes Powell,) and by her, who died at London 26th June 1791, 
astat. 65, had two sons. 

1, James, born at Wydcome, near Bath, 18th July 1746, was captain of 
a company in the 2d regiment of Foot Guards, with the rank of colonel, 
when he quitted the army in 1731, and died at the Abbey of Holyrood- 
house, 22d January 1804, just after he had completed his 58th year. He 
married at London, 29th July 1767, Lucy, daughter of Sir Richard Lloyd 
of Hintlesham, in Suffolk, Baron of Exchequer, widow of Sir John Baiker 
of Sproughton, in the same county, Bart, and by her, who died in Sep- 
tember 1790, and was buried at Hintlesham, had one son, James, who, 
died unmarried at Margate, 13th March 1802, setatis 32, and one daughter, 
Lucy Charlotte, married at Margate, 16th March 1799, to Brigadier-ge- 
neral Robert Anstruther, eldest son of Sir Robert Anstruther of Balcaskie, 
Bart. — an excellent officer, who fell a victim to his fatiguing exertions in 
the Spanish campaign in January 1809. 

2. Charles Powell Hamilton, appointed captain in the royal navy, secre- 
tary, register, clerk of the council, and clerk of the juraments of the 
Island of Grenada, 1789; commanded the Canada of 74, and was in com- 
pany with the Alexander of 74, when it was taken off the Scilly Islands, 


6th November 1794, by a French squadron. The Canada escaped by james, 

excellent manoeuvring and superior sailing. He was promoted to a rear- of Hamilton. 

admiral's flag 1797 j had it on board the Prince, of 98, in the fleet under 

Lord Bridport, in the engagement with a French squadron, 23d June 

1798, when the Tigre of 80, and the Formidable of 74, were taken from 

the French, and the Alexander of 74 recaptured. He attained the rank 

of vice-admiral in 1807, and of admiral in 1808. He married, in May 

1777. Miss Lucretia Prosser of Hampshire, by whom he had a daughter, 

Lucretia, and two sons. 

1. Hamilton Charles James Hamilton, captain in the Royal Lanarkshire 
Mditia, born 29th July 1779. 

2. Augustus Barrington Price Anne Powell Hamilton, born in May 
1781 } married, at St George's, Hanover Square, 2d April 1806, to Miss 
Hyde, daughter of John Hyde, (one of the judges of the Supreme Court 
of Calcutta, from 1774 to his death in 1796,) by Mary, daughter of Lord 
Francis Seymour, Dean of Wells, son of Edward, eighth Duke of Somer- 
set, and by her had two sons, the eldest born in May 1807, the second 
born 9th October 1808. 




james, ii^ James, fifth Duke of Hamilton, and second Duke of Brandon, was born 


of Hamilton! about 1702. He succeeded his father in 1712; was installed a knight of 
"" the Thistle at Holyroodhouse, 31st October 1726, and appointed, in 1727* 

one of the lords of the bedchamber to King George the Second. His 
Grace resigned that office in 1733, not approving of the measures of Sir 
Robert Walpole's administration ; was a candidate to represent the Scot- 
tish peerage, in opposition to the Court list, at the general election in 
1734, and died at Bath 9th March 1743, in his 41st year. His Grace 
married, first, 14th February 1723, Lady Anne Cochrane, eldest of the 
three beautiful daughters of John, fourth Earl of Dundonald, and by her, 
who died 14th August 1724, had one son, James, sixth Duke of Hamilton. 
His Grace married, secondly, in 1727> Elizabeth, fourth daughter of 
Thomas Strangeways of Melbury Sampford, in the county of Dorset, co- 
heir of her brother Thomas. She died without issue, 3d November 1729, 
and was buried at Melbury Sampford. His Grace married, thirdly, 23d 
July 1737> Anne, daughter and co-heir of Edward Spenser of Rendle- 
sham, in Suffolk. Her Grace took to her second husband, 24th Decem- 
ber 1751, the Honourable Richard Savage Nassau, son of Frederick, third 
Earl of Rochford, by whom she was mother of Henry, fifth Earl of Roch- 
ford, born 2Sth July 1754 ; George Richard Savage Nassau, born 5th Sep- 
tember 1756 ; and Lucy, born 3d November 1752, who died an infant. 
Her Grace died 9th March 177 1> having had three children by the Duke 
of Hamilton. 

1. Lady Anne, born in November 1738, married, 11th November I76I, 
to Arthur, Earl of Donegal, (created Marquis of Donegal 1791, ) and died 
in I78O, having two sons, George- Augustus, second Marquis of Donegal, 
and Lord Spenser Chichester. ^ J^-, ,, 


1 "1 % 


2. Archibald, ninth Duke of Hamilton, and sixth Duke of Brandon. james, 

fifth dijkk 

3. Lord Spencer Hamilton, born in June 1742 ; had an ensign's com- of Hamilton. 

mission in the 3d regiment of Foot Guards 1759 ; a lieutenancy in the 2d, 

or Coldstream regiment, 1762; a company in the same regiment in 1776; 
attained the rank of Colonel in the army 1782, and was one of the gentle- 
men of the bedchamber to the Prince of Wales. He remained in the 
Guards until 1789, when, falling into a bad state of health, he left the 
army, and died unmarried at Calais, on the 20th March 1791, in the 49th 
year of his age. 




james, James, sixth Duke of Hamilton, and third Duke of Brandon, was born 

o'f^abhlton. in 1724 ; succeeded his father in 1743 ; was invested with the order of 
the Thistle 14th March 1755 ; and, being in a weak state of health, was 
seized with a cold, and died of inflammation in the chest, caught in hunt- 
ing, after a very few days' illness, at Great Tew in Oxfordshire, on the 18th 
January 1758, in the 34th year of bis age, and was buried at Hamilton. 

His Grace married, 14th February 1752, Elizabeth, second daughter of 
John Gunning of Castle Coote, in the county of Roscommon, by Bridget, 
youngest daughter of Theobald, Viscount Mayo. Her Grace was one of 
the ladies of the bedchamber to the Queen, which office she resigned in 
1784. She married, secondly, 3d March 1759, John, fifth Duke of Ar- 
gyle ; was created a peeress of Great Britain, 4th May 1 766, by the title 
of Baroness Hamilton of Hameldon, in the county of Leicester, with the 
dignity of Baron Hamilton to the heirs-male of her body ; and, dying 20th 
December 1790, was buried in the church of Kilmun, in Argyleshire, hav- 
ing had three children by the Duke of Hamilton : 

1. Lady Elizabeth, born 26th January 1753 ; married, 23d June 1774, 
to Edward Smith, twelfth Earl of Derby ; had a son, Edward, Lord Stan- 
ley, and died at the house of G. J. Hamilton, Esq. Gloucester Street, 
Portman Square, London, 14th March 1797» in her 45th year, and was 
buried at Bromley, in Kent, 2d April.* 

2. James-George, seventh Duke of Hamilton. 

3. Douglas, eighth Duke of Hamilton. 

* The Earl of Derby had an only daughter, Lady Charlotte Hornby, wife of Coun- 
sellor Hornby, whose sister was married to Lord Stanley. Lady Charlotte died on 
the 25th November 1805. 




James-George, seventh Duke of Hamilton, and fourth Duke of Bran- james. 
don, was born at the Abbey of Holyroodhouse, 18th February 1755, and of Hamilton. 
succeeded his father in 1758. On the death of Archibald, Duke of Dou- ' 

glas, in 1761, he became the male representative and chief of the illus- 
trious house of Douglas, succeeding to the titles of Marquis of Dou- 
glas, Earl of Angus, and Lord of Abernethy and Jedburgh Forest. The 
guardians of his Grace asserted his right, as male representative, to the 
Douglas estates, under a persuasion that Mr Douglas, son and heir of 
Lady Jane Stewart, sister of the Duke of Douglas, was a supposititious child, 
taken at Paris from the real parents. A long lawsuit was the consequence. 
In Paris it was decided in favour of the Hamilton s, and the claim was 
again sustained by the Court of Session in Scotland ; but, on an appeal to 
the House of Lords, was ultimately decided in favour of Mr Douglas, since 
raised to a British peerage by the title of Lord Douglas of Douglas. 

The Duke of Hamilton early gave indications of superior excellence, 
but, outgrowing his strength, died at the Palace of Hamilton, on the 7th 
July 1769, in the 15th year of his age, and was interred in the family ce- 
metery at that place, where a monument is erected to his memory, with 
an inscription by Dr Moore, who had attended his Grace to the continent 
and resided with him, of this tenor : — 

All the reflected dignity that shines 

Through the long annals of two princely lines, 

And all that lih'ral nature could impart 

To charm the eye and captivate the heart ; 

A bosom glowing with fair honour's flame, 

A thirst of science, and a love of fame, 

With every genuine mark that coidd presage 

Intrinsic greatness in maturer age, 

Adorned the youthful tenant of this tomb, 

Torn from his country's hopes in vernal bloom. 

Whoe'er thou art that view'st this plaintive stone, — 

If e'er thy soul exulted o'er a son, — 

If public fame, avowing his desert, 

Echoed the praises of thy partial heart, — 

Tho' all may mourn, 'tis thou alone must know 

The piercing anguish of a parent's woe. 




douglas, Douglas, eighth Duke of Hamilton, and fifth Duke of Brandon, was 

of Hamilton, born on the 24th July 1756, and succeeded his brother in I769. He re- 
— ceived an education suitable to his high quality, completed by foreign 

travel, in which he was attended by Dr Moore, who published an account 
of their excursion, in four volumes 8vo, entitled " A View of Society and 
Manners in France and Italy." Coming of age in 1777, his Grace raised, 
for the service of the country, the 82d regiment of foot, highly distinguished 
in the American war. He accepted a captain's commission in the same, 
and resigned it in 1779. His Grace had a grant of the offices of keeper 
of his Majesty's Palace of Linlithgow and Castle of Blackness, 25th No- 
vember 1777> an d a further grant of the same, with power to appoint 
deputies, 10th January 1778. Having presented a petition to the King, 
for a summons to Parliament as Duke of Brandon, his Majesty ordered 
a reference to the House of Lords, by whom, after hearing counsel, the 
opinion of the twelve judges was required. They unanimously agreed, 
6th June 1782, that his Grace was entitled to such summons, and that 
his Majesty was not restrained, by the 23d article of the Union, from 
creating Scottish Peers Peers of Great Britain. The House of Lords 
therefore resolved that his Grace, Douglas Duke of Hamilton and Bran- 
don, was entitled to be summoned to Parliament. The same being 
reported to the King, his Majesty, on the 11th June 1782, caused a 
summons to be issued accordingly ; and his Grace, as Duke of Brandon, 
took his seat in the House of Peers, of which his family had been for so 
many years deprived. His Grace moved the address of thanks for the 
King's speech in 1785, and was invested with the order of the Thistle in 
1786, and appointed colonel of the militia and lord-lieutenant of the county 
of Lanark in J 798. 

His Grace married, 5th April 1778, Elizabeth- Anne, fourth daughter 


of Peter Burrell, of Beckenham in Kent, sister of Peter, Lord Gwydir, De- douglas, 


puty Lord Great Chamberlain of England, (pro interim, in right of his of Hamilton. 

wife the Baroness Willoughby de Eresby;) of the Duchess of Northum- 

berland, and of the Countess of Beverley, but had no issue by her ; who 
took to her second husband, at Langley Park, 19th August 1800, Henry, 
Marquis of Exeter. 

His Grace died at the Palace of Hamilton on the 2d August 1799, in 
the 44th year of his age, and was succeeded by his uncle Lord Archibald 
in all his titles, except the Baronage of Hamilton of Hameldon, in Leices- 
tershire, which had devolved on him at his mother's death in 1790, and 
now went to his uterine brother the Marquis of Lorn, (afterwards Duke 
of Argyle,) who took his seat as Baron Hamilton, in the House of Lords, 
11th February 1800. 



Archibald, ninth Duke of Hamilton, and sixth Duke of Brandon, was Archibald, 
born 15th July 1740, and inherited, in right of his mother, extensive pro- of Hamilton. 

perty in the county of Suffolk ; and further, through his grandmother — ! 

Elizabeth, the only child and heiress of Lord Gerard of Gerards Bromley, 
the great estates of that family in Lancashire and Staffordshire. At the 
general election 1768, he was chosen member of Parliament for the county 
palatine of Lancaster, for which he vacated his seat in 1772. On the 
death of his nephew in 1799, his Grace succeeded to the Hamilton and 
Douglas titles, and the estates of the Hamilton family. 

His Grace married, 25th May I765, Lady Harriet Stewart, fifth daughter 
of Alexander, sixth Earl of Galloway, by his second wife, Lady Catherine 


Archibald, Cochrane, third daughter of John, fourth Earl of Dundonald ; and by her, 


of Hamilton, who died before her husband's accession to his Ducal titles, on the road 
to Bath, in November 1788, and was buried on the 3d December follow- 
ing, in the vault belonging to the family, in St Mary's church, Lancaster, 
had five children, — 

1. Lady Anne, born 16th March I766. 

2. Alexander Duke of Hamilton and Brandon. 

3. Lord Archibald Hamilton, born 16th March 1769. He was chosen 
member of Parliament for the county of Lanark, at the general election in 
1 S02, and has continued to represent the same county ever since. His Lord- 
ship has distinguished himself as an industrious and independent represen- 
tative of the rights of the people, and as an active and eloquent speaker, 
taking a decided part against the Pitt, Addington, and other Tory admini- 
strations. In 1804, his Lordship published a pamphlet, entitled " Thoughts 
on the Formation of the late and present Administrations," contending for 
a ministry on a broad and firm basis, and examining how far that of Mr 
Pitt answered the idea. He has invariably distinguished himself in main- 
taining the rights of the people, and in endeavouring to correct abuses. 
His Lordship's exertions in the cause of burgh reform have endeared him 
to all Scotland. 

4. Lady Charlotte, born 6th April 1772, married 24th June 1800, to 
Edward Adolphus, Duke of Somerset, and has issue. 

5. Lady Susan, born in July 1774 ; married, in Grosvenor Place, Lon- 
don, 4th August 1803, to her cousin-german George, sixth Earl of Dun- 
more, and has issue. 

His Grace died at Ashton Hall in Lancashire, on the 16th February 
1819, and was buried in St Mary's church, Lancaster. 




Alexander, Duke of Hamilton, Brandon, and Chatelherault, F. It. Alexander, 


and S. A., was born on the 3d October 1767. At an early period of life, of Hamilton. 
his Grace went abroad and passed several years on the Continent, occu- 
pied in the pursuit of the fine arts, his favourite study. In 1801 he re- 
turned home, and was appointed Colonel of the Militia for the county of 
Lanark in 1802, and Lord- Lieutenant of the same. He was elected M. P. 
for the town of Lancaster, at the general election in 1803, and vacated 
his seat on being called up by writ to the House of Peers, by the title of 
Baron of Dutton in Cheshire, the latter end of 1806 ; was made a Privy- 
councillor, upon his being nominated to the embassy of St Petersburg, by 
Mr Fox, who then filled the situation of Minister of the Foreign Depart- 
ment. The Whig administration, in 1807, went out of office, upon the 
subject of the Catholic question, when his Grace resigned his situation as 
ambassador ; and, after having made an excursion through great part of 
the Russian empire and Poland, he returned to his native country in 1808. 

His time has since been chiefly dedicated to his private affairs, and 
those connected with the different counties wherein his estates are situated. 

His Grace married at London, 26th April 1810, his cousin Susan Eu- 
phemia, second daughter of William Beckford of Fonthill-Gifford in Wilt- 
shire, Esquire, (whose mother was daughter and co-heir of the Honourable 
George Hamilton, sixth son of James, sixth Earl of Abercorn,) by the 
Lady Margaret Gordon, daughter of Charles, fourth Earl of Aboyne, by 
whom he has issue, — 

1. William Alexander Anthony Archibald, Marquis of Douglas and 
Clydesdale, born 15th February 1811. 

2. Lady Susan, born 9th June 1814. 

On the decease of the last Duke of Douglas, in 1761, as already men- 
tioned, the Hamilton family succeeded to part of the titles and the male 
representation of the ancient and potent Douglasses ; and his Grace is now 
male representative and chief of that noble and illustrious house. 




TITLES, &t. of Alexander Hamilton, Duke of Hamilton, Brandon, and Chatelherault ; Marquis 
' of Hamilton, Douglas, and Clydesdale ; Earl of Angus, Arran, Lanark, and Cam- 
bridge; Lord Hamilton, Aven, Polmont, Machanshyre, Innerdale, Abernethy, Jed- 
burgh Forest, and Dutton ; Premier Marquis of Scotland, and Heritable Keeper of 
the Palace of Holyroodhouse. 


Earl of Angus, by King Robert the First, about 1327 ; Lord Hamilton, by act of 
Parliament, 1445 ; Earl of Arran, 10th August 1503 ; Marquis of Hamilton, 19th 
April 1599 ; Marquis of Douglas, Earl of Angus, Lord of Abemethy and Jedburgh 
Forest, to the first Marquis and his heirs-male and successors for ever, by patent, 
dated at Dalkeith, 14th June 1633; Earl of Lanark, Lord Machanshyre, and Pol- 
mont, by patent, dated at York, 31st March 1639; Duke of Hamilton, Marquis of 
Clydesdale, Earl of Arran, and Cambridge, Lord Aven and Innerdale, by patent, 
dated at Oxford, 12th April 1643, to the first Duke and the heirs-male of his 
body ; which failing, to his brother, the Earl of Lanark, and the heirs-male of his 
body ; which failing, to the eldest heir-female of the body of the first Duke, " et bas- 
redibus masculis de corpore dictse hseredis femellse natu maximce, legitime procreandis, 
cognomen de Hamilton, et insignia families de Hamilton geren. quae sibi semper assu- 
mere et in omni tempore futuro gestare, tenebuntur et astringuntur ;" which all fail- 
ing, to the nearest lawful heirs whatsoever of the first Duke. 


Duke of Brandon in Suffolk, and Baron of Dutton in Cheshire, 11th Sept. 1711. 

Duke of Chatelherault* in Poitou, 8th Februaiy 1548. 
Heritable Keeper of the Palace of Holyroodhouse, 10th August 1646. 

* " Chastelleraud, ville de France en Poitou, sur la riviere de Vienne, avec titre de Duche. On 
eroit que ce'st a une petite lieue de cette ville qu'une biche servit de guide aux soldats du Grand Clo- 
vis, pour passer la riviere — et aller corabattre Alaric, Itoi des Gothes. 

" Chastelleraud portoit anciennernent la titre de Vicomte ; mais le Roi Francois I. l'erigea, 1'an 1514, 
en Duche et Pairie pour Francois de Bourbon, fils de Guilbert de Bourbon, Comte de Montpensier. 
Ce Prince etant mort l'annee d'apres a la battaille de Marignan, Charles son frere, Connetable de France, 
lui succeda. Depuis ce Duche revint a la couronne, et le Roi Henri III. 1'engagea, en 1534, a Francoi* 
de Bourbon, Due de Montpensier, de sorte que ceux qui l'ont eu de lui le tiennent par engagement. 

" Chastelleraud est une ville agreable vers les frontieres de la Tourraine, a cinq ou six lieues de Poi- 
tiers. Elle souffrit beaucoup, et fut souvent prise, reprise, et pillee, dans le sixieme siecle, durant les 
guerres civiles." — Le Grand Dictionnaire Historiqve, par M. Louis Moreri, PrUre, Docteur en Thio- 
logio tome Il.fol. U2. 



Four grand quarters : I. and IV. Quarterly, 1st and 4th Hamilton, gules, three titles, &c. of 


cinquefoils, pierced, ermine. 2d and 3d, Arran, argent, a ship with the sails fulled, 
sable. — II. and III. Quarterly : 1. Galloway, azure, a lion rampant, argent, crowned, 
Or. 2. Abernethy, Or, a lion rampant gules, debruised by a bendlet, sable. 3. Wish- 
art of Brechin, argent, three piles gules. 4. Stewart of Bonliill, Or, a fess cheque, 
azure and argent, surmounted with a bend, gules, charged with three buckles of the 
first. Over these feudal quarterings of Douglas, as chiefs of that house, an escut- 
cheon, charged with the arms of Douglas, viz. argent, a heart, gules, ensigned with 
an imperial crown, proper, on a chief azure, three mullets argent. 


Hamilton ; in a ducal coronet, Or, an oak fructed and penetrated transversely in 
the main stem by a frame-saw proper, the frame Or.* Douglas ; on a chapeau d'etat, 
salamander in flames, proper. 


Hamilton ; two antelopes, argent, armed, ducally gorged, chained and hoofed, Or. 
Douglas ; dexter, a savage proper, holding a baton erected, and wreathed about the 
middle with laurel, vert ; sinister, a stag proper, armed and unguled, Or, both stand- 
ing within a pale of wood, wreathed for a compartment. 


Hamilton, ~..^.« ..." Through." 

Douglas, „ „,,." Jamais arriere." 

• According to Archdall, in his Peerage, the first of the family who came to Scotland, in his 
flight from the English court, after the slaying of De Spencer, King Edward's favourite, being closely 
pursued into a wood, he and his servant changed clothes with two woodcutters, and, taking their saw, 
were cutting through an oak tree when the pursuers passed by. Perceiving his servant to take notice 
of them, he hastily called to him " Tlirough," which word, with the oak and saw through it, he took 
for his motto and crest, in memory of his happy deliverance. 

JEfyt Uv&tufytfi of ti)e jfmnil®. 



|$lar<i*u£ of flfterroriu 

The first of this family, the head of 
which is the heir-male of the noble and 
illustrious House of Hamilton, was — 

Crawford's Peer- I. Lo RD CLAUD HAMILTON, third Son 

age of Scotland. 

iSS, D erageof of James, second Earl of Arran, and first 
Duke of Chatelherault, by his wife Lady 
Margaret Douglas, eldest daughter of 
James, third Earl of Morton. When 
very young he was appointed Commen- 
dator of the Abbey of Paisley, upon the 
resignation of John, Archbishop of St 
Andrew's, 8th December 1553, which 
was ratified and approved by Pope Ju- 
lius III.* He was a brave and gallant 
gentleman, of steady honour and unspot- 
ted integrity, who, by a series of vir- 
tuous actions, reflected lustre on his 
great ancestors, and ennobled the illus- 
trious blood that ran in his veins. Du- 
ring the melancholy discords that pre- 
vailed in Scotland under the unhappy 
reign of Queen Mary, he adhered to her 


interest in all her misfortunes. Prompt- 
ed by his own innate bravery, and his = 
loyalty to his royal mistress, he appeared 
and distinguished himself, in the last 
effort that was made in her cause, at 
the battle of Langside, 13th May 1568. 
In vain he displayed the skill and cou- 
rage of a great commander, — the battle 
was lost, and proved fatal to the Queen's 

Immediately after the battle, Lord 
Claud, with many others, was sum- 
moned to attend a Parliament, called 
by the Regent Murray ; and, upon his 
refusal, was outlawed, and his estate 

During the Regency of the Earl of ms. History of u« 

Family, penes 

Mar, his lands were given to the Lord com.aeAbcrcon., 
Semple, who kept a strong garrison in 
his castle, and exercised all round a se- 
vere military discipline. At length this 
gallant Lord, supported by his faithful 
I tenants, rose in arms, besieged the cas- 

* Keith, Catalogue of Bishops, p. 253, says, that Lord Claud Hamilton was then ten years of 
age, notwithstanding that it is expressed, in the Bull of Pope Julius, that he was fourteen years 
old. This gives 1543 for the date of his bath. 



marquis of tie, and obliged Lord Semple to surren- 


; der at discretion. 

During the Regency of Morton, Lord 
Claud was a sharer of the oppressions 
that bore down the Hamilton family. 
He was obliged to fly to England for 
safety, not daring to trust the prevail- 
ing factions, though his forfeiture had 
been repealed by the act of Parliament 
confirming the pacification of Perth, 
1573. But when the King took the 
management of affairs into his own 
hands, and reflected on the different 
parties that divided the nation, he soon 
perceived that the flood of persecution 
that overwhelmed the Hamiltons was 
owing to no other cause but their zealous 
and steady attachment to his unhappy 
mother. He therefore restored them to 
all their estates and honours, and heap- 
ed many other favours upon them ; in 
particular, he bestowed on Lord Claud 
and his heirs-male, or assigns, by char- 
ter, all the lordship and barony of Pais- 
ley, with the pertinents belonging to the 
Abbey and Monastery thereof, in 1585. 
And, as a further testimony of his es- 
teem and regard for him, he was pleased, 
in consideration of Ids constant loyalty, 
great losses and sufferings, to create him 
a peer, by the title of Lord Paisley, 2Dth 
July 1587. 

This Lord died, advanced in age and 
character, anno 1622, setat. 78, having 
married Margaret, only daughter of 
George, sixth Lord Seton, sister of Ro- 
bert, Earl of Winton, and Alexander, 
Earl of Dunfermline, by whom he had 
one daughter, Margaret, married to Wil- 
liam, first Marquis of Douglas, and had 

In Publicis Ar- 
rhivJSj D. 

issue, and died 11th September 1623, 
setat. 38, — and four sons, — 

1. James, first Earl of Abercorn. 

2. The Honourable Sir Claud Hamil- 
ton, a gentleman of the King's privy- Ar^sr-wJ 
chamber ; and, by privy seal, dated 6th m 
October 1618, made constable of the 

Castle of Toome, in the county of An- 
trim, for life, with six warders, on the 
surrender of Sir Thomas Philips. As 
an undertaker in the plantation of the 
county of Longford, he had 400 acres 
of land granted to him there, together 
with the small proportions of Killeny 
and Teadan, containing 2000 acres, in 
the barony of Strabane and county of 
Tyrone, on which he built a strong and 
beautiful castle, which, with other lands 
mentioned in the patent, descended to 
his son and heir William. Sir Claud 
married the daughter and heiress of Sir 
Robert Hamilton of Manor Elieston, in 
the county of Tyrone, and had six sons 
and two daughters, Sir William, Alex- 
ander, Robert, George, Claud, and 
James, which five last died unmarried; 
and the daughters were the ladies of 
Lamington and Gorgonoch- Stewart. — 
Sir William Hamilton of Manor-Elies- 
ton, the eldest son, by his will, dated 
1st May 1662, and proved 12thFebruary 
1664, ordered his body to be buried in 
the church of Badonie or Gortin, as he 
should afterwards appoint, having issue 
by his first wife, James, his heir, Wil- 
liam, Sarah, and Margaret ;'an'd, by his 
second wife, Beatrix Campbell, two sons, 
Claud and Archibald. 

3. The Honourable Sir George Ha- ms. History or th 

Family, penesConi 

milton of Greenlaw and Roscrea, in the <»* Ab«corn, d. 


county of Tipperary, Knight, who be- 
haved with great bravery in the service 
of King Charles I. He married, first, 
Isabella, of the family of Civico of Bru- 
ges, in Flanders, by whom he had one 
daughter, Margaret, married, in 1622, 
to Sir Archibald Acheson of Gosford, 
in the county of Haddington, Baronet, 
a Lord of Session, and Secretary of 
State for Scotland, ancestor of Viscount 
Gosford;* secondly, Mary, daughter of 
Walter, Earl of Ormond and Ossory, by 
whom he had a son, James, who died 

4. The Hon. Sir Frederick Hamilton, 
for whom vide article Viscount Boyne. 

II. James, eldest son of Claud, Lord 
Paisley, commonly designed Master of 
Paisley, was a man of eminent parts, 
and much taken notice of at court. He 
was highly esteemed by King James the 
Sixth, who made him one of the lords 
of his privy-council and gentlemen of 
his bedchamber ; and gave him, by a 
In Pub. Archiv. charter dated 1600, the office of high- 
sheriff of the county of Linlithgow, with 
all the fees, &e. thereto belonging, to 
him and his heirs-male whatever ; and, 
by another charter in 1601, the lands 
of Abercorn, Braidmeadows, &c. He 
was created a peer, by the title of Baron 
of Abercorn, 5th April 1603, when the 
lands of Abercorn, Duddingston, New- 

MS. in Bibl. 


ton, and Duntarvie, were erected into a marquis or 


free barony, to be called the Barony of — 

Abercorn, to him and his heirs-male 
and assigns whatever. The next year, 
1604, his Lordship was one of the com- 
missioners, on the part of Scotland, to 
treat of a union with England, which 
did not take effect; and, on the 10th of 
July 1606, he was advanced to the dig- 
nity of Earl of Abercorn, Baron of Pais- 
ley, Hamilton, Mountcastle, and Kil- 
patrick, by patent to him and his heirs- 
male whatever. 

King James, purposing to hold a Par- 
liament in Ireland, made choice of some 
eminent persons, capable of that honour 
and trust, from the nobility of their birth 
and their estates and possessions in that 
kingdom, to assist the upper house, and 
to have voice and place as peers of the 
realm; and therefore, by letter from West- 
minster, 31st March 1613, authorised 
the Lord-deputy to call to the next Par- 
liament, by writ of summons, his right 
trusty and right well-beloved cousin the 
Earl of Abercorn, directing that he 
should hold the same place and prece- 
dency of an Earl in Parliament as he did 
at the council-table, and in all other 
places. On 20th May 1615, he was 
appointed of the council of the province 
of Munster, and had a large grant of 
lands in the barony of Strabane, upon 
which he built a very strong and fair 

* For the family of Acheson, Viscount Gosford, see Archdall's Peerage, vi. 81, where it is 
said that Sir Archibald Acheson's first lady, Margaret Hamilton, died 1626 ; but in the Register 
of Baptisms of Edinburgh is this entry: " Sir Archibald Acheson, Bart, and Margaret Hamilton, 
had a son, George, baptized 4th August 1629." 

t Archdall omits Sir George Hamilton's second wife, and says that Mary, sixth daughter of 
Walter, 11th Earl of Ormond and Ossory, died unmarried. t 




makouis of castle, a school-house, and a church. 


His Lordship died in the lifetime of his 

ad ann. 1589. 

father, 16th March 1618. 
In Pui>. Archiv. He married Marion, eldest daughter 
of Thomas, fifth Lord Boyd ; and by 
her, who died about 1633, bad issue, — 

1. James, second Earl of Abercorn. 

2. Claud, Lord Strabane, of whom 

3. The Honourable Sir William Ha- 
milton, Knt. who was long resident at 
Rome from Henrietta-Maria, Quecn- 
Dowager of England; and, in his old age, 
married Jean, daughter of Sir Alexander 
Colquhoun of Luss, (relict of Alan, 
fifth Lord Cathcart, who died 1628, and 
of SirDuncan Campbell of Auchinbreck, 
Bart, killed fighting against the Marquis 
of Montrose, 1645,) without issue. 

4. The Honourable Sir George Ha- 
milton, Bart, of whom afterwards. 

5. The Honourable Sir Alexander 
Hamilton of Holborn, Knt. who mar- 
ried Elizabeth, a daughter of the family 
of Bedingfield of Oxburgh, and had one 
son and three daughters. He settled 
first at the court of Philip William, Elec- 
tor Palatine, who sent him envoy-extra- 
ordinary to King James the Second of 
England. He accompanied to Vienna 
the Elector's daughter Eleonora Mag- 
dalena, who was married to the Empe- 
ror Leopold ; and, being in favour with 
the Empress, was created a Count of the 
Empire, with a grant of the county of 
Newburg, near Passau, and other estates 
in Moravia and Hungary. One of his 
daughters was maid of honour to the 
Empress Emilia, consort of the Empe- 
ror Joseph ; and his son Count Julius, 

age, v. 112. 

one of the chamberlains to the Emperor, 
married Maria Ernestina, Countess of 
Staremberg, of the family of the famous 
Count Staremberg ; and had issue three 
sons and several daughters. 

1. Lady Anne, married to Hugh, fifth 
Lord Semple, and had one daughter. 

2. Lady Margaret, married to Sir Wil- 
liam Cunningham of Caprington, in the 
county of Ayr, Knt. without issue. 

3. Lady Lucy, contracted by her fa- 
ther, when very young, to Randal, Lord 
Dunluce, afterwards Marquis of Antrim, 
who not abiding by the contract, she 
never married; and, by letters from 
Whitehall, 28th October 1627, the Eavl 
of Antrim was ordered to pay £3000 to 
James, Earl of Abercorn, for his son's 
not marrying his daughter Lucy, ac- 
cording to contract. 

III. James, second Earl of Abercorn, Archdail'sPeer- 
born about 1603, succeeded his father a = e ' v " 
1618, and his grandfather, as Baron of 
Paisley, 1621. In regard of his father's 
services, of his noble blood and lineage, 
being descended of one of the most an- 
cient houses in the realm of Scotland, 
and because his Majesty was desirous 
to encourage him and his posterity to 
make their residence in the kingdom of 
Ireland, for the good of his service there, 
not doubting but that he would tread 
in the footsteps of his ancestors, he was, 
in his father's lifetime, when about 19 
years of age, created a peer of Ireland, 
by the title of Lord Hamilton, Baron of 
Strabane, with limitation of the honours 
to the heirs-male of the body of his fa- 
ther the Earl cf Abercorn, for ever, 18th 


October 1616. As the Irish estates 
were provided to his younger brothers, 
his Lordship resigned that title in favour 
of his brother Claud, 11th November 
Lament's An- 1633. He was excommunicated by the 
' ' ' commission of the General Assembly of 
the church of Scotland, 1649, being a 
Roman catholic, and ordered to remove 
out of the kingdom. On the death of 
William, second Duke of Hamilton, of 
his wounds at the battle of Worcester, 
11th September 1651, his Lordship be- 
came male representative of tbe family 
of Hamilton; but the estates and titles 
\ of that house devolved on Lady Anne, 
Duchess of Hamilton. He married Ca- 
therine, daughter and heiress of Ger- 
vais, Lord Clifford, of Leigh ton Bromes- 
wold, relict of Esme, Duke of Lennox 
and Richmond, (who died 30th July 
1624 ;) and by her, who died in Scot- 
land in 1637, had three sons, — 

1. James, Lord Paisley, who died 
Malcolm's before his father. He married, 28th 
Londinum Re- April 1653, at the church of St Bar- 

dmvum. r 

tholomew the Less, London, Catharine, 
daughter of William Lenthall of Bur- 
ford, in the county of Oxford, Speaker 
of the House of Commons in the Long 
Parliament, and by her had only a 
daughter, Catharine, married, first, to 
her cousin William Lenthall, Esq. (who 
died at Burford, 6th September 1686, 
leaving two sons, John and James;) 
secondly, to Charles, fifth Earl of An- 
cruni. . 

2. The Honourable William Hamil- 
ton, colonel of a regiment, killed in the 
wars in Germany, without issue. 

3. George, third Earl of Abercorn. 

IV. George, third Earl of Abercorn, marquis of 


succeeded his father, but died unmar- = 
ried at Padua, on his journey to Rome, 
whereby the male line failed in the 
eldest branch, so that we return to — 

III. Claud, Lord Strabane, second Archdall'sPeer- 
son of James, first Earl of Abercorn, age * v- 
who, on his brother's resignation, had 

the title of Lord Hamilton, Baron of 
Strabane, in Ireland, conferred on him, 
14th August 1634, with the precedency 
of the former patent, and with remain- 
der to the heirs-male of the body of his 
father, in failure of his male issue. Dy- 
ing 14th June 1638, he was buried in 
the church of Leakpatrick in the county 
of Tyrone. He married, 28th Novem- 
ber 1632, Lady Jean Gordon, fourth 
daughter of George, first Marquis of 
Huntly ; and by her, who was taken pri- 
soner by Sir Phelim O'Neil in the rebel- 
lion 1641, when he burnt and destroy- 
ed the castle of Strabane, but whom she 
afterwards married, had four children : 

1. James, third Strabane. 

2. George, fourth Strabane. 

1. Hon. Catherine, married first to 
James Hamilton of Manor-Hamilton,eld- 
est brother of Gustavus, Viscount Boyne, 
already mentioned ; secondly, to Owen 
Wynne of Lurganbuy in the county of 
Leitrim ; thirdly, to John Bingham of 
Castlebar in the county of Mayo. 

2. Hon. Mariana, married to Richard 
Perkins of Lifford in the county of Do- 

IV. James, third Lord Strabane, suc- Ibid - "• H5. 
ceeded his father 1638; joined Sir Phe- 



marquis of lim O'Neil aeainst the Parliamentary 


==^ forces in July 1650, and died without 
issue a Roman Catholic recusant at Bal- 
lyfatty near Strabane, 16th July 1655, 
(drowned bathing iu the river Maine,) 
being succeeded by his brother. 

jkrchdali'sPcer. IV. George, fourth Lord Strabane, 
who, dying 14th April 1668, was buried 
at St Mechlin's Church near Rush, un- 
der a large tomb, with this inscription : 
" Here under lieth the affabel, obliginge, 
exemplar, wise, humble, noble, pious, 
devot, most charitable, most virtuous 
and religious, the Right Honourable 
George, Lord Hamilton, Baron of Stra- 
bane, who died the 14th of April, Anno 
Domini 1668. This monument was 
erected by Elizabeth Strabane alias La- 
gan, relict of the said Lord Strabane." 
He married Elizabeth, daughter, and 
at length sole heiress of Christopher 
Fagan of Feltrim in the county of Dub- 
lin, and had issue by her : 

1. Claud, fifth Lord Strabane, and 
fourth Earl of Abercorn. 

2. Charles, fifth Earl of Abercorn. 

1. Hon. Anne, married to John, son of 
George Brown of the Neale in the coun- 
ty of Mayo, and died 14th August 1680. 

2. Hon. Mary, born after her father's 
death, married to Gerard Dillon, Esq. 
Recorder of Dublin and Prime Serjeant, 
and had issue. 

ibid. v. 117. Y. Claud, fifth Lord Strabane, suc- 
ceeded his father 1668, and, succeeding 
also to the title of Abercorn, was the 
fourth Earl. At the Revolution he 
went over to France to KiDg James the 

Second, whom attending into Ireland, 
he was sworn of his privy council on Ids 
arrival in Dublin, was one of the lords, 
of his bedchamber, and had the com- 
mand of a regiment. At the siege of 
Londonderry, his horse was shot under 
him. After the defeat of the Boyne, he 
embarked for France, but was killed on 
the voyage in 1690. After his death, 
he was outlawed, and his estate and 
title of Strabane forfeited, but the Earl- 
dom of Abercorn devolved on his bro- 

V. Charles, fifth Earl of Abercorn, Archdall'sPetr. 
who, obtaining a reversal of his bro- 
ther's attainder, succeeded also to the 
title of Strabane and the family estate, 
to both which he was restored by their 
Majesties' letters, dated at Whitehall 
24th May 1692. He took his seat in 
the House of Peers in Ireland, 31st Au- 
gust 1695 ; and, in 1697, signed the de- 
claration and association in defence of 
King William's person and government, 
and the accession to the crown accord- 
ing to act of Parliament. He died at 
Strabane June 1701. He married Ca- 
therine, only childof JameSjLordPaisley, 
relict of William Lenthall of Burford, 
and by her, who died 24th May 1713, 
and was buried in the Duke of Rich- 
mond's vault in King Henry the VII.'s 
Chapel in Westminster Abbey, had an 
only daughter, Lady Elizabeth, who 
died young, and was buried in the chan- 
cel of St Michan's Church 22d Febru- 
ary 1699. The male line of this branch 
failed, and the titles devolved on James 
Hamilton, descended from — 


aae, v. 117. 

III. The Honourable Sir George Ha- 
milton, fourth son of James, first Earl 
of Abercorn. He was seated at Dona- 
long in the county of Tyrone, and at 
Nenagh in Tipperary ; had a company 
in the army 1627; was in Scotland 
with Charles the First 1641 ; perform- 
ed good service in Ireland for that Mo- 
narch, during the rebellion, as he also 
did in 1649 for Charles the Second, be- 
ing then captain of horse, colonel of foot, 
and governor of the castle of Nenagh ; 
but in 1651 he retired with his family 
to France, and there continued till the 
restoration of the King, who, being sen- 
sible of his good aud acceptable services, 
created him a Baronet of Ireland in 
1660. Further, in recompense of his 
many services performed to the King 
whilst in foreign countries, his Majesty, 
in 1662, granted to him, for life, all the 
penalties and forfeitures which might 
accrue to the crown by reason of plough- 
ing, drawing, harrowing, and working 
with horses by the tail, contrary to acts 
of Parliament. The King, in 1671, ap- 
pointed him joint-patentee with James 
Roche, Esq. for granting licences to ped- 
lars ; and being to recruit his regiment 
of foot in the service of the French King, 
his Majesty sent his directions to the 
Lord Lieutenant, 12th January 1673, 
to give license to him aud his officers to 
raise 600 foot soldiers by beat of drum. 

He married, in 1629, Mary, third 
daughter of Walter, Viscount Thurles, 
eldest son of Walter, eleventh Earl of 
Ormond, and sister of James, first Duke 


of Ormond, and by her, who died in marquis of 


August 1680, had six sons and three ===== 
daughters : 

1. James. 

2. Sir George Hamilton, Knt. who Memoiresde 
was page to King Charles II. during his ArcS'sPeer- 
exile, and, after the Restoration, was an a S c ' 
officer of theHorse-guards till 1667, when 
the King, according to his promise to 
Parliament, thought fit to have them dis- 
missed. Sir George Hamilton carried 
the soldiers of that regiment to France, 
and was made a Count and lieutenant- 
general in the French service. Lord 
Arlington wrote to Sir William Godol- 
phin, 7th September 1671: " The Coude 
de Molina complains of certain levies 
Sir George Hamilton had made in Ire- 
land. I have told the Conde he must 
not find it strange, that a gentleman 
who had been the King's page abroad, 
and losing his employment at home for 
being a Roman Catholic, should have 
some more than ordinary connivance 
towards the making his fortune abroad, 
by the countenance of his friends and 
relations in Ireland." Archdall says he 
died 1661, which Lord Arlington's let- 
ter disproves ; and it is probable the li- 
cense of 12th January 1673 to raise 600 
soldiers, was to Mm and not to his fa- 
ther.* He and his elder brother James 
make a conspicuous figure in the Me- 
moires de Gramont. He married Eli- 
zabeth, (frequently noticed in the same 
Memoirs, ) elder daughter and co-heir of 
Richard Jennings of Sandridge in Hert- 
fordshire, sister of Sarah, Duchess of 

• He was killed at the battle of Saverne. 



age, v. 119. 

marquis of Marlborough, by whom he had three 


— daughters, all nobly married. 1. Eliza- 
beth, to Richard, Viscount Ross. 2. 
Frances, to Henry, Viscount Dillon. 3. 
Mary, to Nicholas, Viscount Kingsland. 
Their mother married, secondly, Rich- 
ard Talbot, Duke of Tyrconnel, who 
died 5th August 1691, — and dying in 
Dublin 6th March 1731, was buried in 
St Patrick's Cathedral. 

3. Count Anthony Hamilton was born 
in Ireland in 1646. During the Pro- 
tectorate of Cromwell, he passed most 
of his time in France, but returned to 
England with Charles II. at the Res- 
toration. He was a lieutenant-colonel 
in 1687, with the pay of £200 a year 
upon the establishment, had the com- 
maud of a regiment of infantry in Ire- 
land, although a Roman Catholic, and 
was governor of Limerick. At the Re- 
volution he followed James II. into 
France ; became a lieutenant-general in 
the French service, and spent the re- 
mainder of his days in that country, re- 
siding chiefly in Paris. He died at St 
Germains 2 1 st April 1720, aged 74 years, 
deservedly regretted by all who knew 

He was author of the Memoires de 

Gramont,* in which, with an easy and 
exquisite pencil, he has painted the chief 
characters of the court of Charles II. a» 
they were with great truth and spirit 
described to Mm by his brother-in-law, 
the Count de Gramont. He also wrote 
Count Hamilton's Tales. Voltaire praises 
his writings, which, he says, have all 
the humour without the burlesque of 
Scarron. By a letter from him to Pope, 
we learn that the Count had trans- 
lated the Art of Criticism into French : 
it does not however appear to have been 

4. Thomas, bred to the sea service, 
was captain of a ship of war, and died 
in New England. 

5. Richard, made colonel of a regi- 
ment of horse in King James' army 15th 
February 1686, and brigadier-general 
upon the establishment, with the pay of 
i?497 : 10s. a year, in which station he 
acted for the king in the north, and re- 
tired with him into France upon King 
William's victories ; became a lieuten- 
ant-general in the French service, and 
died in that kingdom. 

6. John, a colonel in King James' 
service, lost his life at the battle of 
Aughrim 1691. 



Naturally endowed with great parts, Count Hamilton had a brilliant imagination and a fine 
and correct taste. Whether he wrote in prose or inverse, his style was always elegant; and 
though he was more a courtier than a poet, his Epistle to the Count de Gramont was much read. 
It has indeed all the grac efulnecs and graceful simplicity of Chapella or Chaulien. His works 
in general are characterised by an easy sprightliness, and more particularly the one entitled " Me- 
moires du Cointe de Gramont," which, although it sparkles in every page with the keenest wit, is 
superior in naturalness and ease to most other compositions. Hamilton may be styled, indeed, 
the father of the natural Romance or Novel. His works were published collectively in 1749, in 
6ix vols. 12mo., and are all in French. 

His portrait in the Galerie Historique is an extremely graceful one, though the countenance is 
marked by an expression of delicate satire; which is said to have been natural to him. 


1. Elizabeth, whose personal graces 
and mental accomplishments are the 
theme of unbounded panegyric in the 
Memoires de Gramont, where she is 
styled the chief ornament of the court, 
worthy of the most ardent and sincere 
affection ; nobody could boast a nobler 
birth, nothing could be more charming 
than her person. After refusing the 
Duke of Richmond, Jermyn, nephew of 
the Earl of St Albans, and Henry How- 
ard, afterwards Duke of Norfolk, she 
married the dissipated Philibert, Count 
of Gramont, Seigneur de Semeac and de 
Sorroille, governor of the Pays D'Au- 
n is and of Rochelle, Chevalier des Or- 
ders du Roy, the hero of the Memoires 
de Gramont, brother of Antoine, Due 
de Gramont, Peer and Mareschal of 
France. They left England in Octo- 
ber 1669, (letter of Charles II. to his 
sister, the Duchess of Orleans, recom- 
mending them, 24th October 1669. Dal- 
rymple's Memoirs, ii. 26). She was ap- 
pointed Dame du Palais to Maria Teresa 
of Austria, Queen of Louis XIV. Her 
husband died at Paris 30th January 

1707, setat. 86 : she died 3d January 

1708, setat. 67. They had two daugh- 
ters, Claude Charlotte de Gramont, 
married, 6th April 1694, to Henry How- 
ard, Earl of Stafford ; and Marie Eli- 
zabeth de Gramont, born 27th Decem- 
ber 1667, Abbesse de St Marine de 
Poussey in Loraine, who died 1706. 

2. Lucia, married to Sir Donogh 
O'Brien of Lemincagh, Bart. 

3. Margaret,marriediii January 1688, 
to Matthew Ford of Coolgreeny, in the 
county of Wexford, and had issue. 

IV. James, eldest son of Sir George marcjuis or 


Hamilton, is thus characterized in the ; 
Memoires de Gramont ; " The eldest of 
the Hamiltons was the man who, of all 
the court, dressed best; he was well made 
in his person, and possessed those happy 
talents which lead to fortune, and pro- 
cure success in love ; he was the most 
assiduous courtier, had the most lively 
wit, the most polished manners, and the 
most punctual attention to his duty ima- 
ginable. No person danced better, nor 
was any one a more general lover ; a 
merit of some account in a court entirely 
devoted to love and gallantry. It is not 
surprising that, with these qualities, he 
succeeded the Earl of Falmouth," [killed 
in the sea-fight in Southwold Bay, 2d 
June 1665,] "in the King's favour; 
but it is very extraordinary that he should 
have experienced the same destiny, as if 
this war had been declared against merit 
only, and as if this sort of combat was 
fatal to none but such as had certain 
hopes of a splendid fortune." 

He was one of the grooms of the bed- Archdall'sPeer- 
chamber to Charles II., who made him ° ' 
colonel of a regiment of foot. His re- 
giment being embarked on board the 
navy in one of the expeditions of the 
Duke of York against the Dutch, Colo- 
nel Hamilton had one of his legs taken 
off by a cannon ball, of which wound 
he died 6th June 1673, and was buried 
in Westminster Abbey under a monu- 
ment erected to his memory by his uncle 
James, Duke of Ormond. In 1661, 
King Charles concluded a marriage be- 
twixt him and Elizabeth, eldest daugh- 
ter of John, Lord Colepeper of Thores- 



marquis of way, Chancellor of the Exchequer and 


= Master of the Rolls, who died in July 
1660, by his wife Judith, daughter of 
Sir Thomas Colepeper of Holingbourne 
in Kent, Knt., and by her, who died in 
1709, jetat. 72, he had three sons: 

1. James, sixth Earl of Abercorn. 

2. George, a colonel in the Foot 
Guards, who fell at the battle of Stein- 
kirk, in 1692, commanding a regiment 
of foot. 

Archdall'sPeer- 3. William Hamilton of Chilston or 

age, v. 120. 

Bocton Place, near Lenham, in Kent, 
(an estate which his mother purchased 
and settled on his family,) of which coun- 
ty he was a deputy-lieutenant, justice of 
peace, and colonel of the regiment of mi- 
litia for the Lath of Scray, (a division 
of Kent,) and was always strenuous for 
the protestant succession. He married 
Margaret, second daughter of Sir Tho- 
mas Colepeper of Holingbourne in Kent, 
sister of Frances, wife of John, the last 
Lord Colepeper, and had one daughter, 
Elizabeth, — married to Edward Steele of 
Stedehill, in Kent, without issue, — and 
four sons: — 1. John Hamilton, sheriff 
of the county of Kent in 1719, who 
much improved his estate of Chilston; 
married Mary, daughter of John Wright, 
M. D. and had several children, of whom 
the eldest son, William, was page of ho- 
nour to Frederick Prince of Wales. 2. 
George, married to the daughter of 
Monsieur Vasserot, merchant in Am- 
sterdam, (who got vast riches in the 
Mississippi and South Sea schemes, after 
which he retired to Switzerland, his na- 
tive country, where he purchased a great 
estate.) By her be had several children, 


who, with their mother, resided for 
some years at Geneva. 3. T/iomas, who 
had a command in the army, and died 
in Ireland ; and, 4. William, who died 

V. James, eldest son of Colonel 
James Hamilton, succeeded his father 
in the post of groom of the bedchamber 
to Charles II., at tlie early age of 17 
years, and was of the privy council to 
his brother and successor James II., in Archdall'sPeer- 
whose army he commanded a regiment age ' v ' l2 '' 
of horse ; but, no sooner did he perceive 
his Majesty's intentions to introduce 
popery, than he quitted his service, be- 
came an officer under King William at 
the Revolution, and carried arms and 
ammunition to the relief of London- 
derry, when besieged by King James's 
army. By means of this supply the 
city was enabled to hold out till Major- 
general Kirke sent in further relief 
from England, which occasioned the 
siege to be raised. After his grand- 
father's death he declined to assume the 
title of baronet ; but, in June 1701, suc- 
ceeded to the Earldom of Abercorn, also 
to the Baronage of Strabane, in terms 
of the second patent of that title. He 
was created Baron of Mountcastle and 
Viscount of Strabane, 9th September 
1701 ; took Ms seat as such in the Par- 
liament of Ireland, 21st September 
1703, the first summoned to meet by 
Queen Anne, of whose privy-council he • 
was a member, as he was also to their 
Majesties George I. and II. He was 
member of several committees of the 
House of Lords of Ireland in the reign 


of Queen Anne ; took his seat in the 
Minutes of the Parliament of Scotland 3d October 

Parliament of .„„_ ,., , * .. tt • 

Scotland. 1706; steadily supported the union, 

voting in favour of that treaty on every 
division of the Honse. 

By the 22d article of the Treaty of 
Utrecht, Louis XIV. having engaged 
that he would forthwith, after the peace 
was made, cause justice to be done to 
the family of Hamilton concerning the 
Dukedom of Chatelherault, the Earl of 
Abercorn preferred his claim as descend- 
ant of the first Duke of Chatelherault, 
which appears from one of Swift's let- 
Peerage, i. 9. ters on the " subject, quoted in Wood's 

Although there was an altercation be- 
tween his Lordship and Anne, Duchess 
of Hamilton, concerning this title, it 
does not appear that Lord Abercorn 
persisted in it. He finally retired from 
the discussion, leaving the Earl of Sel- 
kirk, who went to Paris on behalf of his 
mother, the Duchess, to set forward, un- 
disputed, her claims, and maintain her 

He was a member of the committee 
of the House of Lords of Ireland, 14th 
November 1715, for preparing an ad- 
dress of congratulation to George I. on 
his happy accession; and, 6th February 
1716, he presented, to the House of 
Lords, heads of a Bill for the further 
security of his Majesty's person and 
government, and for extinguishing the 
hopes of the pretended Prince of Wales, 
and his open and secret abettors. His 
Lordship, dying 28th November 1734, 
was buried in Henry the Seventh's Cha- 
pel in Westminster Abbey. 

Hemarried, in 1686, Elizabeth, daugh- jiarouis ojt 


tcr and heiress of Sir Robert Bonding ■ m--i 

of Dublin, Bart, by Jane, Countess- Archdall'aPeer, 

J agi', v. 122. 

dowager of Montrath ; and by her, who 
died in Sackville Street, London, 19th 
March 1754, had nine sons and five 
daughters : 

1. Robert, baptized 12th July 1687, 
died soon afterwards. 

2. James, seventh Earl of Abercorn. 

3. Robert, died very young. 

4. The Honourable John Hamilton, 
educated in Trinity College, Dublin, 
died unmarried in 1714, setat. 20, and 
was succeded in a good estate by his 
brother George. 

5. George, died in infancy. 

6. The Honourable George Hamilton, 
was a cornet of horse; appointed in 1742 
deputy-cofferer to the Prince of Wales's 
establishment ; was member of Parlia- 
ment for St Johnstoun in Ireland ; 
chosen, in 1734, member for Wells, in 
England, but declared not duly elected ; 
chosen for the same place 1747, and 
died 3d May 1775. He married, in Oc- 
tober 1719, Bridget, daughter of Colo- 
nel William Coward, M.P. for Wells, 
sometime a Virginia merchant, with 
whom he got a large fortune, and by her 
had four sons and seven daughters: 1. 
George, born 1721, bred to the sea ser- Gentleman's 
vice, died unmarried. 2. John, boi;g August"!?"^. 
1726, died unmarried 1756. 3. Colo- 
nel William Hamilton, died unmarried 

June 1793. 4. James, equerry to Fred- 
erick, Prince of Wales, married twice, 
died without issue 1779. 1. Elizabeth, 
married, first, to General Cameron of 
the French service ; secondly, to the 



MAiiouis of Comte dc Fan. 2. Bridget, married to 


the Reverend Thomas Finney, and died 

his widow at Alston, near Knights- 
bridge, 3d April 1789. 3. Maria, horn 
7th January 1725; married, first, to 
Francis Marsh, by whom she had a 
daughter, Elizabeth, married to Colonel 
Thomas Hervey of the Guards, son of 
Thomas, second son of John, Earl of 
Bristol ; secondly, 8th June 1 756, to 
William Beckford of Fonthill-Gifford 
in Wiltshire, Lord Mayor of London, 
and M. P. for that city, by whom she 
had one son, William Beckford of Font- 
hill-Gifford, M. P. born 29th Septem- 
ber 1760. She died at Westend, Hamp- 
stead, 22d July 1798, aetat. 74, and was 
buried at Font hill. 4. Harriet, married 
to the Reverend William Peter, died 
1787. 5. Frances, married to James 
Tooker of Chilcompton in Somerset- 
shire, died 1752. 6. Charlotte, died 
unmarried. 7. Rachel, married to the 
Reverend Neville Walter, grandson of 
William, Lord Abergavenny. 

7. The Hon. and Rev. Francis Ha- 
milton, born at Toulouse in France ; pre- 
sented, 30th January 1737, to the rec- 
tories and vicarages of Dunleer, Ca- 
pocke, Disert, Moylare, Monasterboys, 
and Drumcarre, in the diocese of Ar- 
magh, and died 20th May 1746. He 
married, 20th October 1733, Dorothy, 
second daughter and co-heiress of James 
Forth of Redwood, in the King's coun- 
ty, secretary to the commissioners of his 
Majesty's revenue, and had issue. 

8. The Hon. William Hamilton, bap- 
tized 20th October 1703; lost off the 
Lizard Point, 10th November 1721, in 

the Royal Anne galley, going out with 
Lord Belhaven to his government of 
Barbadoes, as a volunteer in the sea 

9. The Hon. Charles Hamilton, bap- 
tized 13th November 1704 ; appointed, 
22d April 1738, comptroller of th« 
green cloth to Frederick Prince of 
Wales; was member of Parliament for 
Strabanein freland, and, in 1741, mem- 
ber for Truro in Cornwall. He was 
chosen first of the seven commissioners 
for examining and stating the public 
accounts, 26th May 1742, and appoint- 
ed receiver-general of the King's reve- 
nues in the island of Minorca, on which 
occasion a new writ was ordered for 
Truro, 22d December 1743, and he was 
reelected. He had the estates of Cob- 
ham and Painshill in Surrey, which he 
greatly embellished, and sold before his 
death, which took place on Lansdown 
Hill, near Bath, 11th September 1786, 
in the 82d year of his age. He mar- 
ried and left issue. His eldest daughter 
Jane was married, 17th May 1750, to 
Edward Mooi-e, author of " Fables for 
the Fair Sex." The youngest, 25th June 
1750, became the wife of KantonCowse, 
Esq. of the Board of Works. 

1. Lady Elizabeth, married, first, 2d 
January 1711, to William Brownlow of 
Lurgan, M. P. for the county of Ar- 
magh, and by him, who died 27th Au- 
gust 1739, was mother of theRightHon. 
William Brownlow of Lurgan, M. P. for 
the same county; secondly, in France, 
to Martin, Compte de Kearnie. 

2. Lady Jane, died in infancy. 

3. Lady Mary, married to Henry 


Colley of Castle Carbery, in the county 
of Kildare, M. P. for Strabane. 

4. Lady Phillippa, married, first, to 
Benjamin Pratt, D.D. Provost of Tri- 
nity College, Dublin, Dean of Cork and 
Down, who died 6th December 1721, 
without issue; secondly, to Michael 
Connell of London, and had one son ; 
and died at Paris 27th January 1767. 

5. Lady Jane, who, 26th September 
1719, became the second wife of Lord 
Archibald Hamilton, youngest son of 
William and Anne, Duke and Duchess 
of Hamilton, and had issue. Vide p. 152. 

Archdali'sPeer- VI. James, seventh Earl of Aber- 
corn, F. R. S. succeeded Ms father in 
1734 ; was sworn one of the privy coun- 
cil of England 20th July 1738, and of 
Ireland, 26th September 1739; and, 
dying in Cavendish Square, London, 
13th January 1744, was buried 17th 
January, in the Duke of Ormond's 
vault in Westminster Abbey. He wrote 
" Calculations and Tables relative to the 
Attractive Powers of Loadstones" 1729. 
He married, in 171 1, Anne, daughter 
of Colonel John Plumer of Blakesware, 
in Hertfordshire ; and by her, who died 
at London 10th August 1776, aetat. 86, 
had six sons and one daughter : 

1. James, eighth Earl of Abercorn. 

2. The Hon. John Hamilton, bred to the 
sea sendee, was lieutenant of the Louisa, 
lost in a dreadful storm, in December 
1736, attending George I. from Hano- 
ver to England. Boats being sent to 
the assistance of the people, he refused 
to step into them before the sailors, say- 
ing, in that common calamity he would 

claim no precedencv, and was the last marouis of 


man who quitted the ship. On ™""g — 

ashore he was presented to and gra- 
ciously received by the King, and Queen 
Caroline complimented his father on his 
gallant behaviour. He was promoted 
to the rank of captain in the royal navy 
13th February 1741 ; successively com- 
manded the Kingsale, the Augusta, the 
Vanguard, and the Lancaster, of 66 
guns, and was drowned 18th December 
1755, by the oversetting of his boat, go- 
ing from his ship to Portsmouth. He 
married, in November 1749, Harriet, 
daughter of the Right Hon. James 
Craggs, Secretary of State. She was 
first married, 4th March 1726, to Ri- 
chard Eliot of Port Eliot in Cornwall, 
and by him, who died 1748, had Ed- 
ward Craggs Eliot, created Lord Eliot 
1784, and other children. She was 
grandmother of James, first Earl of St 
Germains. She died 1st February 1769, 
having had by her second husband a 
daughter Anne, who died unmarried, 
and a posthumous son, John-James, 
ninth Earl and first Marquis of Aber- 

3. The Hon. William Hamilton, died 

4. The Hon. George Hamilton, born 
11th August 1718; was of Exeter Col- 
lege, Oxford ; presented by his brother, 
in 1753, to the rectories of Tagheyon 
and Donaghadee, in the diocese of Ra- 
phoe, in Ireland ; was afterwards a pre- 
bendary of Salisbury, and, 30th August 
1783, appointed a canon of Windsor. 
He died at Taplow, 26th November 
1787, setat. 80. By his wife Elizabeth, 




marquis of (daughter of Lieutenant-general Richard 
: Onslow, governor of Portsmouth, uncle 
of Earl Onslow,) who died in 1800, he 
had three sons and nine daughters: — 1. 
George, died unmarried 11th October 
1782. 2d and 3d sons died infants. 
1. Anne, born 6th October 1755, mar- 
ried to Dr Cornwall, Dean of Canter- 
bury, and died suddenly at Delbury, in 
Shropshire, 18th December 1795, setat. 
41. 2. Mary, born 26th November 
1756. 3. Harriet, born 11th January 
1760, died 1768. 4. Catherine, born 
7th June 1763. 5. Elizabeth, born 5th 
June 1765, married to Glynn Wynn, 
Esq. 6. Rachel, born 17th October 
1766. 7. Jane, born 26th February 
1768; married, July 1791, to William 
Plumer of Gilston Park in Hertford- 
shire, M.P. for that county. 8. Lady 
Cecil, born 15th March 1770 ; had the 
precedency of an Earl's daughter grant- 
ed to her, by royal patent, 27th Octo- 
ber 1789 ; married first, 4th March 
1792, to John- James, Marquis of Aber- 
corn, from whom she was separated 
1798, divorced April 1799; married, 
secondly, 23d May 1799, to Colonel 
Joseph Copley, captain of a company 
in the 3d regiment of Foot Guards, a 
younger son of Sir Joseph Copley of 
Sprotborough, in the county of York, 
Bart. 9. Isabella, born 28th Septem- 
ber 1772; married, at the Priory, Stan- 
more, 20th July 1795, to Lord George 
Seymour, commissioner of Excise, 
youngest son of Francis, first Marquis 
of Hertford. 

5. The Hon. Plumer Hamilton, died 

6. The Hon. William Hamilton, bom 
18th February 1721, alieutenantin the 
royal navy, lost in the Victory man-of- 
war, 06° Alderney, 1744. 

7. Lady Jnne, born 12th June 1715; 
married, 16th August 1746, to Sir 
Henry Mackworth, Bart, and died at 
London 13th December 1792, a?tat. 78, 
leaving her fortune to Thomas Hud- 
dlestone, Esq. who married her only 

VII. James, eighth Earl of Abercorn, Wood's Peer- 
born 22d October 1712; was summon- ase ' 
ed by writ to the House of Peers in Ire- 
land, as Baron Mountcastle, 23d March 
1736, and took his seat the same day. 
He succeeded his father, in 1744, as 
Earl of Abercorn and Viscount of Stra- 
bane ; was chosen one of the sixteen re- 
presentatives of the Scottish peerage, at 
the general election 1761 ; re-chosen 
1768, 1774, 1780, and 1784; was one 
of the peers who, ] 1th March 1766, 
voted against the act to repeal the Ame- 
rican stamp act, and joined in the pro- 
tests against the second and third read- 
ing of that bill, 11th and 17th of March ; 
he also voted for rejecting Fox's India 
bill, 17th December 1783. He was 
created a peer of Great Britain 8th 
August 1786, by the title of Viscount 
Hamilton, with remainder to his ne- 
phew John-James. No new election 
was, however, ordered for representa- 
tives of the Scottish peerage in room of 
his Lordship, and the Duke of Queens- 
berry in the same predicament, till it 
was determined, in a committee of pri- 
vileges, 13th February 1787, by a ma- 


jority of 14, (contents 52, non-contents 
Robertson's 38,) " That the Earl of Abercorn, who 

Proceedings re- 
lating to the was chosen to be of the number ol J 6 

knd r ,T20. fSCOt 'P eers > who ' h Y the treaty of Union, are 
to represent the peerage of Scotland in 
Parliament, having been created Vis- 
count Hamilton, by letters patent under 
the great seal of Great Britain, doth 
thereby cease to sit in this House as a 
representative of the peerage of Scot- 

His Lordship had no property in Scot- 
land, till he purchased from Archibald, 
Duke of Argyle, in 1745, the barony of 
Duddingston, in the county of Edin- 
burgh, where he built an elegant man- 
sion, formed of it a kind of new crea- 
tion, and made it his favourite residence.* 
In 1764 he acquired the paternal inhe- 
ritance of his ancestors, the Lordship of 
Paisley, in the county of Renfrew, from 
Thomas, eighth Earl of Dundonald, 
whose progenitor William, Earl of Dun- 
donald, had bought it in 1653, for 
£160,000 Scots, from Archibald, Earl 
of Angus, who had acquired it from the 
Abercorn family. His Lordship laid 
out a regular plan for a new town on 
his property there, now containing 300 
families and 1400 inhabitants, with one 
of the largest inns in Scotland. He 
possessed a great estate in Ireland, where 
he built a magnificent house at Baron's 
Court near St rabane.He had also a 
seat at Witham in Essex, where he had 
the honour of receiving her Majesty 

Queen Charlotte, who slept there, 7th marquis of 


September 1761, on her journey from ; 
Harwich to London. His Lordship 
died at Boroughbridge, going from Dud- 
dingston to London, on the 9th Octo- 
ber 1789, in the 77th year of his age, 
unmarried, and was buried in the Abbey 
of Paisley. His nephew, 

VIII. JOHN-JAME9, ninth Earl of Wood's Peer- 

Abercorn, born after liis father's death 
in 1756, was elected M.P. for East 
Looe in Cornwall, on a vacancy, No- 
vember 1783, and chosen for St Ger- 
mains at the general election 1784. 

Succeeding his uncle in 1789 as Earl 
of Abercorn in Scotland, Viscount of 
Strabane in Ireland, and Viscount Ha- 
milton in Great Britain, a new writ for 
St Germains was issued 22d January 
1790. At the general election of the 
sixteen representatives of the Scottish 
Peerage 11th July 1790, the clerks re- 
fused to receive the signed lists of his 
Lordship and the Duke of Queensberry, 
created Peers of Great Britain since the 
Union. The question was carried to 
the House of Lords, where, 13th May 
1793, in a committee of privileges, the 
Earl of Kinnoul having moved that the 
votes of the Duke of Queensberry and 
Marquis of Abercorn be disallowed, 
Lord Grenville moved the previous ques- 
tion, which was carried by a majority 
of one, (contents 27, non-contents 26). 
The question, that the opinion of the 

" Statistical Account of Scotland, xviii. 379, where is the following sketch of his Lordship :— 
" A nobleman whose character was but little known, or rather little understood, but who possessed 
singular vigour of mind, integrity of conduct, and patriotic views." 



a'b"rcorn K twelve Judges be taken, was carried 27 

--to 25; and, 27th May 1793, Lord Cath- 

eart having moved that the votes of the 
Duke of Queensberry and Marquis of 
Abercorn, if duly tendered, ought to 
have been counted, the same was car- 
ried in the affirmative; contents 48, non- 
contents 41. 

The Earl of Abercorn was advanced 
to the dignity of a Marquis of Great 
Britain, 1st October 1790, by the title 
of Marquis of Abercorn ; and was in- 
stalled a Knight of the Garter, at Wind- 
sor, on St George's Day, 23d April 1805. 

His Lordship married first, 20th June 
1779, Catherine, daughter of Sir Joseph 
Copley of Sprotborough in the county 
of York, Bart, and by her, who died at 
the Priory 13th September 1791, and 
was buried at Stanmore, had six child- 
ren : 

1. James, Viscount Hamilton. 

2. Lord Claud Hamilton, born 1st 
November 1787, chosen M.P. for the 
borough of Dungannon, at the general 
election 1807 ; admitted a nobleman of 
St John's College, Cambridge, in Oc- 
tober same year ; sailed in the Eclipse 
brig for the Brazils, in January 1808, 
on account of his health, and died on 
the voyage. 

1. Lady Harriot Margaret, a lady 
possessed of every requisite to render 
her beloved. Her person was beauti- 
ful, but her mental qualifications were 
superior : Endowed with a good under- 
standing, she devoted her time to con- 
tinued acts of benevolence. The articles 
for her marriage with the Marquis of 
Waterford were drawn up, when that 

amiable young lady died of an inflamma- 
tion in the throat, at the Priory, Stan- 
more, 30th April 1803, in the 22d year 
of her age, and was buried at Stanmore. 

2. Lady Catherine Constantia, born 
7th October 1782, died 23d May 1783. 

3. Lady Catherine Elizabeth, born 
10th January 1784, married, at the 
Priory, Stanmore, 28th July 1805, to 
George, fourth Earl of Aberdeen, and 
by her, who died February 29, 1812, 
had issue. 

4. Lady Maria, born 28th February 
1785, died unmarried, 21st January 

The Marquis married, secondly, 4th 
March 1792, Lady Cecil Hamilton, 
daughter of his uncle Geoi'ge, already 
mentioned, and by her had a daughter: 

1. Lady Cecil Frances, born 19th July 
1795, married 15th July 1816, William, 
Lord Clonmore, son of William, Earl of 
Wicklow, and has issue. 

The Marquis maiTied, thirdly, at his 
brother Viscount Sudley's, in Dover 
Street, Piccadilly, 3d April 1800, Lady 
Anne Jane Gore, born April 1763, eld- 
est daughter of Arthur Saunders, Earl 
of Arran in Ireland, relict of Henry 
Hatton of Great Clonard, M.P. for the 
borough of Donnegall, to whom she was 
married October 1783. 

His Lordship died 27th January 1818, 
and was succeeded in his titles and 
estates by his grandson, James, the pre- 
sent Marquis. 

IX. James> Viscount Hamilton, born Wood's Peer- 
at Petersham Lodge, 7th October 1786; age ' i- I3- 
elected M.P. for Dungannon 1807, in 


room of the Hon. George Knox, who 
made his election for the University of 
Dublin and for Liskeard at the general 
election 1807, and moved the address of 
thanks for the King's speech, in the 
House of Commons, 20th January 1808. 
He married, 25th November 1809, 
Harriet, daughter of the Hon. John 
Douglas (son of James, fourteenth Earl 
of Morton), by Frances, eldest daughter 
of Edward Lascelles, Earl of Harewood, 
(who married, secondly, 8th July 1815, 
George, present Earl of Aberdeen), and 
by her had issue : 

1. James, present Marquis, born in 
January 1811. 

2. Lady Harriet, bom 12th April 

3. Lord Claude, bom 27th July 1813. 
James, Viscount Hamilton, died be- 
fore his father in 1814, May 27. 

X. James, the tenth Earl, and second 
Marquis of Abercorn, who succeeded 
his grandfather in 1818. 

Titles. — James Hamilton, Marquis 
and Earl of Abercorn, Viscount Hamil- 
ton and of Strabane, — Baron of Paisley, 
Abercorn, Hamilton, Mountcastle, Kil- 
patrick and Strabane, and a Baronet. 

Creations. — Baron of Paisley in 
the co. of Renfrew, 29th July 1587, to 
Lord Claud Hamilton, his heirs-male 
and assigns ; Baron of Abercorn in the 
county of Linlithgow, to James, Master 
of Paisley, his heirs-male and assigns 
whatever, 5th April 1603. Earl of 
Abercorn, Baron of Paisley, Hamilton, 


Mountcastle, and Kilpatrick, 10th Julv marouis of 
1606, to the first Earl and his heirs-: 

male whatever. Scottish Honours. — 

Lord Hamilton, Baron of Strabane in 
the co. of Tyrone, 18th October 1616, 
again, 14th August 1634, with the for- 
mer precedency, with limitation to the 
heirs-niale of the body of James, first 
Earl of Abercorn. Viscount of Stra- 
bane, and Baron of Mountcastle in the 

co. of Tyrone, 2d December 1701. 

Irish Honours. — Viscount Hamilton of 
Hamilton in the co. of Leicester, 8th 
August 1786, to the first Viscount, with 
remainder to his nephew John-James, 
and the heirs-male of his body. Mar- 
quis of Abercorn, 1st October 1790, to 
the first Marquis and the heirs-male of 

his body. British Honours. — Baronet 

of Ireland, 1660. 

Arms. — Quarterly, I. and IV. gules, 
three cinquefoils pierced, ermine, for 
Hamilton, — II. and III. argent, a ship 
with her sails furled up, sable, for Arran. 

Crest. — In a ducal coronet, Or, an 
oak fructed and penetrated transversely 
through the main stem by a frame saw, 
proper, the frame, Or. 

Supporters. — Two antelopes, ar- 
gent, gorged with ducal coronets, and 
chains affixed thereto, passing betwixt 
their forelegs, and reflexing over their 
backs, unguled and horned, Or. 

Mottos. — " Through." 

" Sola Nobilitat Virtus." 

Seats. — The Priory, near Stanmore, 
Middlesex, Duddingston House in the 
co. of Edinburgh, and Baron's Court, 
near Strabane in Ireland. 



AIKEN HEAD, vide Holmhead. 

AIRDRIE, vide Preston. 






I. Andrew Hamilton, the third 
— son of Robert, the fourth of the house 

Baillie's MS. 

and Craw. Gen. of Torrance, appears to have been the 
Lib. nrs t of this family. He had a charter 

of the lands of Ardoch from the Abbot 
of Kilwinning. 

Andrew Hamilton of Ardoch, and 
Catherine Park, his wife, had a charter 
Re,;. Mag. Sig. " of half the lands of Bogtoun, the lands 
Zlk&xa^- f Thorntoun, and the third part of the 
lands of Kilbride, in the co. of Lanark," 
dated 3d June 1540. He afterwards 
married Margaret Stewart ; they had a 
charter, on the 20th January 1546, of 
the lands of Cathkin and Netherurd. 

The next of the name, most likely his 
son, was 

II. Gawin Hamilton of Ardoch, 
who was witness to a charter of Walker 
of Dalgarvan in 1566. He may have 
been the father of 

Reg. Mag. Sig. HI. JaMES HAMILTON of Al'doch, 

■ Z '. b .^ v ' who had a charter "of the lands of 

Rob. Gen. of 
i. 376. 

Ruchbank, Crummock, Ardoch, &c. 
lying in the baillery of Cunninghame, 
and co. of Ayr," dated 10th January 

On the 8th March 1586, he appears Com. Hec. Glas. 
as cautioner for Janet Hamilton in Pet- 
terstoun, who had summoned James 
Reid, her son, to whom she had subset 
half of the 28 shilling-land of Petters- 
toun, of which she was liferenter, for 
28 merks yearly. He was succeeded by 
his son, 

IV. Gawin Hamilton of Ardoch, 
termed ''Magister," probably on account 
of his being a churchman. 

He was retoured beir to his father, inq. Ret. Ajr. 
James Hamilton of Ardoch, on the 13th 
November 1633, in the lands of Ruch- 
bank and Crummock near Beith, and 
Ardoch and other lands, near Kilwin- 
ning. He was succeeded by his son, 

V. James Hamilton of Ardoch, 
who, on the 4th August 1637, was re- 


inq. Ret. Ayr. toured heir to his father in the lands of 

Ruchbank and Crummock. He sold 

Rob. Ren. 278. these lands, in 1643, to William Ral- 
ston of that Ilk. By Janet, daughter 
of William Hamilton of Dalserf, he had 

VI. William Hamilton of Ardoch, 

Crawf. Gen. who married a daughter of Alexander, 
Coll. Adv. Lib. , „ Tr>1 . . , . 

commendator ot Kilwinning, by whom 

he had issue : 

1. John, his successor. 

2. William of Ladyland. 

VII. John Hamilton of Ardoch, 
Ibid. who was succeeded by his brother, 

VII. Captain William Hamilton 

Reg. Mag. Sig. of Ladyland, who had a charter of the 

lands of Over and Nether Ardoch, in 


He was disarmed, in 1684, and se- 

Wodrnw's verely dealt with by the Commissioners 

Church Hist. fo t] western sn i res f or refusing the 

Test, and for non-conformity. In 1686, 
he was one of the commissioners of sup- 
ply for the co. of Ayr. 

According to report, he was killed 
in action against the French, leaving 
issue : 

1. John, his successor. 

2. Lieutenant William Hamilton the 
poet, — the contemporary, the friend and 
the correspondent of Allan Ramsay. He 
resided first at Gilbertfield in the parish 
of Cambuslang, co. of Lanark, and af- 
terwards at Letterick in the same coun- 
ty where he died at an advanced age, 
24th May 1751. 

VIII. John Hamilton of Ladyland, ardoch. 

who, on the 3d September 1690, was i n q. Ret. Ayr. 
retoured heir of Captain William, his 
father, in Over and Nether Ardoch, 
Cassiltoun, &c. in the regality of Kil- 

He sold the property of Ladyland to 
Alexander, ninth Earl of Eglintoun, Rob. Cun. 264. 
about 1712, who afterwards sold it to 
William Cochrane of Edge, whose heirs 
now possess the same. 

John of Ladyland afterwards went 
to the North of Ireland, to an estate Rob. Gen. of 

Cun. i. 370. 

which he had purchased there. 

He married Margaret, daughter of 
Sir John Shaw of Greenock, Bart., by Ibid. 
Jean, daughter of Sir William Mure of 
Rowallan, by whom he had a numer- 
ous family. Of these, in the female 
line, the descendants still remain in that 
country, in affluent and respectable cir- 
cumstances. When he died is not men- 
tioned, but he was succeeded by his son, 

IX. William Hamilton, who sold 
the property in Ireland, and, returning 
to Scotland, purchased the estate of ibid. i. 371. 
Craighlaw in Wigtonshire, from the for- 
mer proprietors, of the name of Gordon. 

William Hamilton, designed of Lady- 
land, had a charter " of the lands of Reg. Mag. Sig. 
Craighlaw in the shire of Wigton," ^^IFf/ 
dated 26th July 1744. 

He married his cousin Isabella, daugh- 
ter of MacDowall of Logan, and took Rob. Gen. of 

. . . , ,, . r Cunn. i. 371. 

up his residence in the mansion or 

Craighlaw. He died before 1747, as 

appears from a charter of adjudication 

granted to Mrs Isabella Hamilton or 




ardoch. MacDowall, widow of the deceased Wil- 

Reg. Mag. Sig. liam Hamilton of Ladyland, of the Ma- 

JiliiXCJXL- nor-place and Mains of Craighlaw, of 

-V - I2j. date 27th July of that year. Leaving 

no issue, he was succeeded by his only 


IX. Chables Hamilton of Craigh- 
law. He resided in Irvine, where he 

Rob. Gen. of was collector of the customs, and pro- 
Cunn. 1.371. vogt of ^ town for twe i ve different 

years, two years and two years alter- 
nately, from 1758 until 1782, inclusive. 
He married Sarah MacDowall, ano- 
ther of the ladies of Logan, by whom 
he had several children. Of these, a 
daughter, Anne, married John Peebles, 
Esq. in Irvine, a major in the army, 
(who is most honourably made mention 
of, in the late excellent account of the 
Highland Regiments, by Col. David 
Stewart of Garth,) to whom she had an 
only child, Sarah Peebles, married to 
Col. John Cunningham of Caddell and 

Thorntoun. Mr Hamilton died in 1783, 
and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

X. William Hamilton, Esq. of 
Craighlaw, M. D., who resided in Kil- jbid. i. 371. 
marnock House, and died there in 1798. 

He married the only child of Edward 
Cairns, Esq. of Girstonwood, in the co. 
of Kirkcudbright, by whom he had two 
sons and ten daughters.* 

He was succeeded in Craighlaw in 
Wigtonshire, in Garvoch in Renfrew- 
shire, and in some valuable lands in the 
vicinity of Irvine, by his only surviving 

XL William Hamilton, Esq. of ibid. i. 371. 
Craighlaw, and an officer in the 10th 

Arms. — Gules, a mullet betwixt three 
cinquefoils, ermine, all within a bor- 
dure waved, argent. 

Motto. — " Honestus pro Patria." 

One of the daughters, Catherine Hamilton, married, on the 5th September 181.5, William 
Cochrane, Esq. of Ladyland, the ancient property of the family, and has issue. 

AVENDALE, vide Fynnart. 




Crawf. MS. 
Gen. Coll. 

Acts Pari. 

Mag. Sig. 

I. James Hamilton, second son of 
John Hamilton of Little Earnock, was 
the first of this family. He married 
Marion, daughter of John Hamilton of 
Orhistoun, by whom he had issue, 

II. John Hamilton of Bangour, 
who, in 1648, was one of the commit- 
tee of war for the co. of Linlithgow. 
He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter 
of George Dundas of that Ilk, and had 
two daughters ; secondly, Margaret, 
daughter of James Hamilton of West- 
port ; (she had a charter of resignation 

-JiV.-SXXXff. of the lands and barony of Beircrofts, 
—<rz. 7/, '■ 

' dated 19th February 1706;) by whom 

he had issue : 

1. John. 


8. James, who succeeded his brother. 

4. Thomas, Doctor of Medicine. 

5. Sir William Hamilton of White- 
law, one of the Senators of the College 
of Justice, and, in 1697, Lord Justice 
Clerk. He had a charter to himself 
and wife of the lands of Wester Ban- 
gour, dated 2d April 1684, and a char- 

III. John Hamilton of Bangour, 





* j, ll isx$sl. 

'" ^y-? 8//, ter of the lands of Whitelaw, 19th Ja 

nuary 1694. He died without issue. 

who was served heir to his father on the T „ " „ — 

Inq. Ret. Gen. 

17th October 1663. Dying without *732. 
issue, he was succeeded by his brother, 

III. James Hamilton of Bangour, 
advocate, who was served heir in gene- ibid. 6) lit. 
ral to his father John, and Margaret g *'* 
Hamilton, his second wife, on the 4th 
January 1679. On the 6th March Jluy.cTy. 
1691, he had a charter of the lands of ^yf^l 
Bangour. He married EH zabeth, daugh- 
ter of John Hamilton of Murrays, who 
had a charter of resignation " to Eliza- ibid. 
beth, spouse of Mr James Hamilton of "'«*-EXXZ£ . 
Bangour, of the lands of Wester Ban- 
gour," dated 21st September 1703, by 
whom he had issue : 

1. John, his successor. 

2. William, the Poet, born in 1704. 
1. Daughter, Margaret, married to 

Robert, sixth Earl of Carnwath, who Wood's Peer- 
was attainted for engaging with the Pre- a ° e * '" 
tender in 1715. She was his third wife, 
and had issue one daughter, Lady Eli^ 
zabeth, who died young. 

IV. John Hamilton of Bangour, 
who appears to have been under age at 




Mag. Sig. 

the time of his father's death; for, on the 
24th November 1711, "Margaret Ha- 
milton, Lady Bangour, as tutrix to John 
Hamilton her oye, granted a charter to 
James Menteth of Milnhall, of two ox- 
engates of Gilston in the barony of Pol- 

He had a charter of resignation " to 
John Hamilton of Bangour, eldest son 
of James Hamilton of Bangour, advo- 
cate, of the lands ofHedderwick," dated 
12th February 1731. 

He appears to have married Eliza- 
beth Dalrymple, a lady descended of 
the family of Stair, by whom he had no 
issue, and dying in 1750, was succeeded 
by his brother, 

IV. William Hamilton of Bangour, 
who early discovered a taste for poetry. 
He composed several pieces of merit, 
and some of his songs breathe the true 
spirit of Scottish melody. He joined 
the rebellion in 1745, and celebrated his 
first success at Prestonpans in the well 
known Jacobite song of " Gladsmuir." 
After the battle of Culloden, through 
the intercession of his friends, he had 
his estate restored to him; but being 
obliged on account of his health to re- 
side abroad, he died at Lyons of con- 

sumption, on the 25th March 1754, in 
the 50th year of his age. 

He married Miss Hall of the family 
of Dunglas, and had issue one son, 

V. James Hamilton of Bangour, 
who married Miss Bruce of Kinnaird, 
and had issue, one son and three daugh- 
ters : 

1. Daughter, married to Colonel Chi- 
chester of Arlington Court, Devon- 

2. Daughter, married Sir James Sut- 
tie of Balgone. 

3. Daughter, married Mr Warren of 
Denham Grove, near Colchester. 

VI. William Hamilton of Bangour, 
who married, in 1797, Miss Ann Lee, 
daughter of Edward Lee, Esq. of Water- 
ford, Ireland, and had one child, 

VII. James Hamilton of Bangour, 
an officer in the royal navy, who married, 
on the 18th October 1824, Miss Mary 
Ramsay Maule, second daughter of the 
Hon. William R. Maule of Panmure. 

Arms. — Gules, a mullet betwixt three 
cinquefoils, argent, a chief of the second. 
Crest. — A ship in distress, proper. 
Motto. — " Immersabilis." 

Scots Mag. 
1754, 155. 



I. John de Hamilton, the fifth son 
of Sir David de Hamilton, Dominus de 
Cadyow, and Johanetta de Keith, Do- 
mina de Galston, appears to have been 
the first of this family.* 

He had a charter, in 1390, from Dun- bardowie. 
can, Earl of Lennox, " Johanni de Ha- 
milton," of the lands of Buthernock.f 

The same Earl afterwards, (6th May 
1394,) confirmed a contract of marriage 

* It is more than probable that John Hamilton of Bardowie, mentioned by Andrew Stewart, 

as witness to a deed at the beginning of the 15th century, was the same person as the John de Gen. Hist, of 
Hamilton who obtained a con6rmation charter of the lands of Baldernock from Sir John Hamil- tlle Stewarts, 
ton, Knight, the superior, which last was evidently no other than the son and heir of Sir David F ' 
Hamilton of Cadyow, by Johanetta de Keith, the heiress (through her mother) of the Gal- 
braiths, Lords of Galbraith, a very ancient, and, at one time, powerful family in the Lennox. 
John of Bardowie, too, would appear to have been the brother of Sir John Hamilton, Knight of 
Cadyow. The descendants of this John have borne a boar's head, part of the arms of Galbraith, 
between the three cinquefoils, which is a difference that, by ancient heraldic practice, a younger 
son of Sir David of Cadyow and Janet Keith, when holding part of the Galbraith estate, might 
be expected to take. It would hence follow, that he is the same person as the John de Hamil- 
ton, styled " charissimo fratri" by Sir John Hamilton of Cadyow, in his confirmation charter of Vide Memoirs, 
the lands of Balderston in Linlithgowshire, to Adam Forrester of Corstorphine, dated 21st May P"" *• P- * 8 - 
1395.* The phrase, " dearest brother," is rather descriptive of legitimacy. Sir John, the eld- 
est son, may have been a favourite, and, in case of his demise, the parents might have been de- 
sirous of perpetuating his memory, by bestowing his Christian name upon another son. Ex- 
amples are not awanting of this practice in former times, when, on some occasions, brothers of 
great families have been designated by the same Christian appellation. Thus, Anthony has been 
the Christian name of separate brothers in the noble family of Shaftesbury. The Princes of 
Freuss in Germany have been in use to call all their sons by the name of Henry alone ; and, in 
a pedigree of the knightly family of Cockburn of Cockburn, we meet with two lawful brothers 
of the name of William, about the end of the ICth century. Although Crawford, in his Peerage, 
(wherein he is copied by Douglas,) represents the name of the ancestor of the Hamiltons of Bar- 
dowie, as David, yet he talks otherwise in his MS. Baronage, in the Advocates' Library, where 
he is of opinion that John was their first progenitor, who, he adds, from documents in the hands 
of Lord Fleming, figured in 1401. There is certainly legal evidence for the existence of " John 
Hamilton of Bardowie," previous to that period, while there is none for the existence of a David. 
The latter, I am pretty confident, has been foisted in as their ancestor, from a misconception of 
the charter in 1391. % 

t Carta de terris de Buthernock facta Johanni de Hamilton, per Duncanum, Comitem de 
Levenax. Omnibus, &c. 

* Omnibus, &c. Johannes de Hamilton, Dominus de Cadyow, Salutem, &c. Noveritis nos dedisse, Penes Ducem de 
&c. dilecto nostro Ada; de Forester de Corstorfyne, terras illas nostras de Bawdristoun, cum pertinentiis, in 
Constabularia de Linlithou, et infra vicecomitatu de Edinburgh, qua; fuerunt died Ada; (and which he re- 

aigns, §c.) Testibus, Domino Jobanne de Hamilton, Domino de Fyngaltoun, avunculo nostro charissi- 
mo, Georgio de Prestoun, militibus, Johanne de Hamilton, fratre nostro charissimo, Alexandra Tripay, 
cum multisaliis. Apud Manderston, 21 die mensis Maii, anno Domini 1395. 

J Charter of the lands of Bardowie of this date, from which it appears that William de Galbraith of 
Gartconnel then possessed Easter and Wester Badernock. 



bardowie. between John de Hamilton and Mar- 

"~ garet Frazer,* his wife, giving them 

joint infeftment in the said lands of 

Buthernock. He appears to have been 

the father of 

II. John de Hamilton of Butter- 
noek, who is mentioned by Crawford, 
in his Genealogical Collections, as hav- 
ing had a charter, on his own resigna- 
tion, from Duncan, Earl of Lennox, of 
the lands of Butternock, before the year 
1423. He had issue, 

1. Robert, his heir. 

1. Janet, married to William Craw- Robertson'« 
ford, the twelfth of Crawfordland. 

Hist. ofCun- 

p. 338. 

III. Robert Hamilton of Butter- 
nock, who, according to Crawford, as 
above quoted, was a witness, in 1454, 
to an inquest of retour of Lennox ; also 
that, in 1468, he was infeft in some 
lands which belonged to John of But- 
ternock, his grandfather, by a precept 
from Lord Fleming. The next we meet 
with is — 

Cbartulary of 

Omnibus, &c. Noverit universitas vestra nos dedisse, &c. dilecto nostro et fideli Johanni de 
Hamilton, iotas terras nostras de Buthernock, &c. quas Dominus Johannes Hamilton antea de 
nobis tenuit in capite et has dictus Dominus Johannes, non vi aut metu ductus, sue errore lapsus, 
sed mera et spontanea voluntate sua, nobis per fustum et baculum, in presentia plurium virorum 
nobilium apud Port-Glassach, sursum reddidit pureque et simpliciter resignavit, &c. : Tenendas et 
habendas dictas terras eidem Johanni et hseredibus suis, &c. Reddendo inde annuatim dimi- 
diam marcain, &c. {and the services.) Hiis testibus, Johanne de Striviling, Umphredo de Colqu- 
houn, Militibus, Waltero de Buchanan, Alexandro Logane, Senescallo nostro, Joanne Menzies, et 
multis aliis. 

• " Confirmatio per Duncanum, Comitem de Levenax, charts: Johannis de Hamilton, Domini 
de Buthernok, factae Margaretae Frazer, sponsae suae, Maij 6to 1391. 

" Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris vel audituris, Duncan, Comes de Levenax, salutem in Domino 
sempitemam- Sciatis nos chartam Johannis de Hamilton, Domini de Buthernok, factam et da- 
tam Margarets Frazer, non abolitam, non rasam, non cancellatam, nee in aliqna parte sui vi- 
tiatam, ac sigillo suo sigillatam, de terris de Buthernok, ratione quieti feofamenti inspexisse, audi- 
visse, et in hac forma quae sequitur et per haec verba intellexisse. Omnibus hanc cartam visuris 
vel audituris, Johannis de Hamilton, Dominus de Buthernock, salutem in Domino. Vestra no- 
verit universitas me dedisse, concessisse, et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse Margarets Frazer, 
sub spe matrimonii inter me et ipsam per Dei gratiam contrahendi, nomine quieti feofamenti, om. 
nes et singulas terras meas de Bathernok, cum pertinentiis, infra comitatum de Levenax. Tenend 
et habend. mihi et dicta; Margaretae, et nostrorum diutius viventi, et hseredibus nostris, in feodo 
et haereditate in perpetuum, de domino nostro Comite de Levenax, adeo libere, quiete, honorifice, 
integre, et pacifice, sicut carta nobilis et potentis Domini ac Domini nostri Domini Duncani Comi- 
tis de Levenax, super dictis terris, cum pertinentiis michi confecta, continet et plene proportat, 
per servitia inde debita et consueta. In cujus rei testimonium presenti cartas meae, sigillum meum 
est appensum ; hiis testibus, Domino Roberto de Danielstoun, Johanne de Striviling, militibus, 
Alexo. Logane, Roberto Sympil, Finlas de Erth, et aliis : Quamquidem cartam in omnibus arti- 
culis, modis, pertinentiis, et consuetudinibus, forma pariter et efFectu, approbamus, ratificamus, et 
in perpetuum confirmamus, salvis nobis et haeredjbus nostris servitiis nostris, cum usu, ritu, et de- 
bitis ut in carta sua de nobis sibi confecta juste proportatur et testatur. In cujus rei testimonium 
presenti carta; confirmationis nostrae, nostrum fecimus apponi sigillum : Hiis testibus, Umfrido de 
Colquhoun, Domino de Luss, Waltero de Buchanan, Domino ejusdem, Duncano Campbell, Ar- 
thuro Campbell, Murdacho filio Malcolmi, et Willielrno Naper, cum multis aliis. Datum apud 
Inch-Miryn, sexto die mensis Maii, Anno Domini millesimo tricentesimo nonagesimo quarto. 


Pen. Bardowie. IV. JOHN HAMILTON, who is design- 
ed in charters both of Butternock and 
Bardowie. He gave a charter to John, 
his son and heir, and Margaret Spreule, 

Reg. Mag. Sig. his spouse, of the lands of Ballinker, in 

Lib. x. No. 102. , * ... ~ , j „, 

1486, which was confirmed under the 

great seal 7th October 1487. His son, 


Writs of the 


V. John Hamilton, who mai-ried 
Margaret Spreule, had a charter " to 
John Hamilton of Bardowy, younger, 
and Margaret Spreule, his wife," by his 
father John Hamilton of Bardowie, of 
the lands of Ballinker confirmed under 
the great seal by King James the Third, 
7th October 1487. The original date 
by his father, apud Edinburgh, 24th 
March 1486, " Testibus Johanne Ogil- 
vy, filio et apparen. hserede Jacobi Ogil- 
vy de Erly, milite, Johanne Striviling 
de Cragbarnard, Roberto Bruss de Wes- 
tir Benyng, Roberto Menteth de Law, 
Roberto Danzeilstoun, Roberto Buntyn, 
et David de Kincaid, cum ruultis alijs." 
He died before his father, leaving issue 
a son, 

VI. John Hamilton of Butternock, 
who obtained, upon the resignation of 
his grandfather, a precept of sasine, 
without date, from John, Earl of Len- 
nox, who died in 1494, " Johanni Ha- 
mylton, nepoti et haeredi apparenti Jo- 
hannis Hamylton de Buchernock," of 
the lands of Buchernock, viz. " Bar- 
dowie, cum lacu ejusdem, Barnellane, 
Fluchtart, Barskeith, Bankier, Bird- 
ston, Bankell, Blackairne, Balquharak, 
Balkyndroch, Kirktoun, Hawistoun, et 

He had another charter from Matthew, bakdo wie. 

Earl of Lennox, " Johanni Hamiltoun, writs of the 
nepoti et haeredi apparenti Johannis Ha- Fam, b- 
milton, senioris de Bardowie," dated 
9th January 1502. His grandfather 
appears to have died before the 11th 
January 1504, when John Hamilton of 
Bothernock obtained a charter of that 
date from Matthew, Earl of Lennox, of 
the lands of Bardowie, Barnellane, &c. 
which was confirmed by a charter under 
the great seal, 29th January 1504. 

He was slain along with John his son 
at Barskeith, in 1526, by John Logan 
of Balvey, and others, as appears from 
the following extracts from the privy 
seal records :— 

" Ane respet to Johne Logane of Privy Seal, 
Balvey, Walter Logane his sone and ap- 
perande air, Robert Logane, sone to ye 
said Johne, Walter Galbrait, William 
Logane, and many others, for ye cruel 
slauchter of John Hamilton of Bardowy, 
and John Hamilton his sone, committit 
iu Blairskaithe, under silence of night, 
be way of murther," &c. Dated at 
Striviling, 5th day of June 1526. 

" Grant to James Hamilton of Fyn- n,id. 
nart, knicht, of 100 li. pertaining to the 
King, and adjudgit to his hienes be de- 
creet of ye Lordis of his counsale to be 
pait to him be John Logane of Balvey, 
in name of pane, for brekin of ye assoue- 
rance grantit be him to umquhile Johne 
Hamyltoun of Bardowie, fra ye 26 day 
of Maii unto ye nativitie of Sanct Johne, 
callit midsomer, nixt yereftir, in ye zeir 
of God 1526 yeiris, throw slauchter of 
ye said umquhile Johne Hamiltoune, 
committit be ye said Johne Logane, his 



bardowie. friendis, &c. wythin ye tyme of ye saide 
"" assouerauce, in contrare ye tenor yerof." 
Dated 1st January 1526-7. 

He married Mariot Maxwell, as ap- 
pears from a precept of sasine of the 
lands of Blairskeith, given to him by 
Matthew, Earl of Lennox, in January 
1502. He was also married to Mar- 
garet Weir, as appears from a " Pro- 
tection and saufgarde granted to Mar- 
garet Weir, spouse of umquhile John 
Hamilton of Bardowie, for all the dais 
of her life," dated 1526. He left issue, 

Writs of the 


VII. Allan Hamilton of Bardowie, 
who, on the 30th January 1528, ob- 
tained from Sir James Hamilton of 
Fynnart, who in the interim had ac- 
quired the superiority, a precept of sa- 
sine of the lands of Buchernock, Bar- 
dowie, &c. He was killed in a feud by 
Colin Campbell of Duan and Aucbm- 
howy.* On the 23d June 1539, there 
was a notorial transumpt by John Spre- 
ule, canon of Glasgow, at the desire of 
Mariotte Stirling, relict of Allan Ha- 
milton of Bardowie. 

VIII. John Hamilton of Bardowie. 
There is a precept of sasine from John 
Stirling of Keir, (in implement of a con- 
tract between him and John Hamilton 
of Bardowie, 14th December 1534,) of 

half the Mains of Ballindrocht, the lands 
of Hayston, &c. dated 12th May 15S4. 
The instrument of sasine on the above 
precept is dated 1st February 1560. 

In 1550 he removed the family resi- 
dence from Craigmaddie, (the Rock of 
the Wolf,) the old castle of the Gal- 
braiths of Buthernock, to Bardowie for- 
talice, as appears from the date on his 
arms, now remaining. In 1579, he ob- 
tained letters of protection from King 
James the Sixth for himself, his sons, 
and his brother. In 1584 he had a 
band from Sir James Stirling of Keir 
not to molest him in the possession of 
the milnland adjacent to the miln of 
Kirktoun. He appears to have died 
about the year 1586. 

He married a daughter of Andrew 
Alexander, Baron of Menstrie, pi*ede- 
cessor of the Earls of Stirling, by whom 
he had issue : 

1. John, his successor. 

2. James, who succeeded his brother. 

3. William. 

4. Humphrey. 

5. Allan, who was retoured heir in 
general to his brother Humphrey, 1st 
December 1610. 

6. Adam, who was retoured heir in 
general to his brothers, Allan and Wil- 
liam, 16th August 1611. 

Justiciary Re- 

Privy Seal, vol. 
12, f. 79. 

* " Colinus Campbell de Auchinhowy, convictus de arte et parte crudelis interfectionis quon- 
dam Akni Hammiltoun de Bardowy, Roberto Striviling de Lettir, et Andrea? Striveling de bal- 
lindrocht, ex precogitata felonia commissa in comitiva cum Colino Campbell, juniore, suo filio, &c. 
et decollatus." Edinburgh, 15th November 1587. 

In 1 538, Sir David Hamilton of Preston had a gift of escheat of the lands of the said Colin 
Campbell, on account of the slaughter of Allan Hamilton of Bardowie. 


Writs of the 


IX. John Hamilton of Bardowie, 
who, along with his father, had a char- 
ter of resignation, dated 25th June 
1574, from Sir James Stirling of Keir, 
of the lands of Mains of Bardowie, Bar- 
nellane, &c. He was married to Janet 
Napier, hy whom he had no issue. She 
was alive in 1604, and then, with the 
consent of her second husband, James 
Muir of Thorn toun, sold her terce of the 
lands of Bardowie to her brother-in-law 
James Hamilton of Bardowie, who suc- 
ceeded to the estate. 

IX. James Hamilton of Bardowie, 
who had an instrument of sasine on a 
precept of dare constat from Sir Archi- 
bald Stirling of Keir, of the lands of 
Mains of Bardowie, Barnellane, &c. 
dated the 10th September 1595. On 
the 28th of the same month, he resigned 
these lands in favour of his brother 
William, who again, in 1596, conveyed 
them to his brother Mr Allan Hamil- 

Robertson'e ton. He married Marion, daughter of 
Patrick Houstoun of that Ilk. He was 
succeeded hy, 

X. John Hamilton of Bardowie, 
who, on the 2d November 1615, had an 

Wriu of the instrument of sasine " to John Hamil- 
ton," heir of James Hamilton of Bar- 
dowie, on a precept of dare constat by 
Sir William Livingston of Kilsyth. 
There was a contract of marriage be- 
tween John Hamilton of Bardowie, and 
Mary, daughter of Alexander Douglas 
of Mains, dated 17th April 1616. He 
appears to have been then a minor ; for, on 
the 22d May of the same year, when in 

implement, &c. of the above contract, bardowie. 

he granted his wife a charter of Burd- writs of the 
ston and Bankier in liferent, it was with Fam "y- 
the consent of his curators. He had 
issue : 

1. John, who succeeded him, and 
other sons. 

1 . Elizabeth, married, on the 6th May 
1648, to John Douglas, son of Walter 
Douglas of Kayston. 

2. Margaret, married, 5th June 1649, 
to Arthur Colquhoun of Kenmure. 

XI. John Hamilton of Bardowie, 
designed, in a deed in the Commissary 
Records of Glasgow, of date 26th July 
1677, as " John Hamilton, now elder 
of Bardowie, elder lawfull sone and aire, 
and dewlie servit and retourit to um- 
quhill John Hamilton of Bardowie, his 
father." Shortly after his father's death, 
he settled, on the 7th July 1656, an 
annuity from the lands of Fluchtart on 
his mother, Mary Douglas. 

On the 25th June 1674, " John Ha- 
milton, elder of Bardowie, and John Ha- 
milton, his son and aire," resigned their Ibid, 
lands into the hands of Sir John Stir- 
ling of Keir, for a new charter, and 
change of holding. He married Anne 
Livingstone, by whom he had issue : 

1. John, his successor. 

2. Alexander, witness to the testa- Com. Rec.Glat. 
ment of James Hamilton, bailie of 

XII. John Hamilton of Bardowie, 

who married Joanna, daughter of James writs of the 
Hamilton, as appears from a matrimo- ami y " 
nial contract between her and the said 




bardowie. John, of date 27th November 1675; 

v.rits of the wherein, with consent of his father, 
Family. j^^ elder of B ar( j ow i ej an d his mo- 

ther, Anne Levingstone, he grants her 
sasine of the lands of Fluchtard, Brain- 
zet, &c. His spouse, Joanna, with con- 
sent of her husband, granted, 17th No- 
vember 1685, to Andrew Littiljohn, a 
charter of an acre of land in Hamilton 
Haugh, called " the Oldwalls." He 
had a charter under the Great Seal, of 
the lands of Kittiemuir in Lanarkshire, 
dated 23d February 1699. By his wife 
Joanna he had issue : 

1. John, his successor. 

2. Robert Hamilton of Hamilton Hill, 
who was trustee for his nieces, co-heir- 
esses of his brother. He had issue, 
John and Walter, who both died unmar- 
ried, and a daughter, Jean. 

3. James Hamilton of Dowan, Lieut. 

R. N., who left an only daughter. 

History of Stir- 1. Daughter, Mary, married, in 17 1 1, 
iingshire )P .714. to James Gratame of Glengyle, who, 

on the death of Archibald MacGregor of 
Kilmanan, became chief of the Clan 
Gregor, and was called " Gregarach 
2. Elizabeth, married, in 1711, to 
William, son of John Buchanan of Craig- 

Writs of the 

XIII. John Hamilton of Bardowie, 
who, in 1714, obtained a precept of 
dare constat from William, Viscount of 
Kilsyth, for infefting him in the lands 
of Birdston, as heir of John Hamilton of 
Bardowie, his father. In 1732, he dis- 
poned his lands in trust to Francis Bu- 
chanan of Arnpryor, his brother-in-law, 

James Hamilton of Dowan, his brother, 
James Brown of Monktoun, the hus- 
band of his daughter Mary, and John 
Hamilton, his eldest son. 

He married (contract of marriage 
dated 14th September 1704,) Marion, 
daughter of Robert Buchanan of Arn- 
pryor, by whom he had issue : 

1. John, his successor. 

2. Robert, who succeeded his brother. 

3. James, \ both of whom died in 

4. Francis, J Jamaica. 

1. Katherine. 

2. Mary, married to James Brown 
of Monktoun, and died without issue. 

3. Elizabeth, married to Thomas Bu- 
chanan of Spittel and Leny, whose de- 
scendants carried on the line of the fa- 

XIV. John Hamilton of Bardowie, 
who, dying unmarried, in 1739, was suc- 
ceeded by his brother, 

XIV. Robert Hamilton of Bar-Wiitsof 
dowie, who thereupon obtained a pre- aml v ' 
cept of dare constat for infefting him in 
the fourth part of his father's lands in 
trust, as heir of John Hamilton of Bar- 
dowie, his elder brother. 

On the 12th February 1745, he ob- 
tained a Crown charter of Novodamns 
for his lands of Birdston, which he had 
formerly held of William, Viscount Kil- 
syth, then attainted. 

He having also died without issue, 
and his brothers, James and Francis, 
having died in Jamaica unmarried, on 
the 14th July 1757, Katherine, Mary, 
and Elizabeth Hamiltons were served 



heirs-portioners, and of line, to Robert 
Hamilton of Bardowie, their brother- 
german ; the male descendants of John 
de Hamilton of Buthernock having be- 
come extinct, at least in the male line. 
The two eldest heirs-portioners, Ka- 
therine and Mary Hamilton, having 
died also without issue, the succession 
devolved upon, 

XIV. Elizabeth Hamilton, the li- 
neal representative of John de Hamil- 
ton, fifth son of Sir David de Hamil- 
ton, Dominus de Cadyow, who married, 
as above stated, Thomas Buchanan of 
Spittel and Leny,* by whom she had 
four sons and two daughters : 

1. John, born in 1758, who, on suc- 
ceeding to Bardowie, took the name of 
Hamilton. He married, in 1790, Mar- 
garet, eldest daughter of Sir Hew Craw- 
ford of Jordanhill, and Robina Pollok, 
representative of the Pollocks of that 
Hk. Dying without issue, he was suc- 
ceeded by his brother Francis. 

2. Robert Hamilton Buchanan, born 
in 1760, a Lieut, in the Royal North 
British Fusileers, who married Corne- 

lia, daughter of Commodore Tinker, 
and died, leaving a son, Robert Hamil- 
ton Buchanan, who died in Bengal, a 
Captain in the 21th Regt. N. I., before 
his uncle John. 

3. Francis Buchanan, born in 1762, 
who, on succeeding to his brother John, 
assumed the name of Hamilton. 

4. Peter Buchanan, born in 1767, 
died unmarried, a Captain in the 23d 
Regt. Fusileers. 

1. Elizabeth, married first to Robert 
Grahame of Gartmore, and secondly to 
Robert Fairfoul of Strowie. 

2. Marion, born in 1766, married to 
J. H. S. Crawford of Cowdonhill. 

XV. Fhancis Hamilton of Bar- 
dowie and Leny ; author of " An Ac- 
count of Nepaul" and other works on 

Arms. — Gules, on a chevron argent 
betwixt three cinrjuefoils, a boar's head 
couped, of the first, in the middle chief 
point, an annulet, or. 

Crest. — the tree and frame saw, 

Motto. — " Through" 


* The Buchanans of Spittel and Leny are descended from Walter, a second son of Walter 
Buchanan of that Ilk. On the 14th December 1519, he had a charter from his father of the 
temple-lands of Easter Catter. In 1531, he had a remission, from James the Fifth, for seizing and 
detaining in the castle of Glasgow, John, Duke of Albany, then Regent in Scotland ; in this 
deed he is styled, " Walter Buchanan in Spittel," the property of which was then in the hands 
of his brother George Buchanan of that Ilk, who resigned his lands of Spittel of Easter Catter, 
to Edward, son of the said Walter Buchanan, as appears by the confirmation in favour of this 
Edward, by Gavin, Archbishop of Glasgow, dated 18th September 1531. 

Notices of the Galbraiths, Lords of Galbraith in the Lennox. Gillespie Galbraith was wit- Chalmers's 

ness to a charter granted by Malduin, Earl of Lennox, to Humphrey Kilpatrick, of the lands of Caledonia. 
Colquhoun. Malduin lived during the reigns of William the Lyon and Alexander the Second, 
Kings of Scotland. In the beginning of the reign of Alexander the Second, his son, Maurice Gal- 
braith, obtained from the same Earl Malduin, a grant of the lands of Cartonbenach. The same 



U0vtf Wxv&m®! 



Wood's Peer, 
age, i. 195. 

I. Sir John Hamilton of Lettrick, 
: natural son of John, first Marquis of 
Hamilton, obtained a legitimation under 
the great seal, 22d December 1600, and 
acquired considerable estates. He had 
a charter to himself, and Jean Campbell 
his wife, of the castle of Kinclevin, in 
Perthshire, 25th May 1608. He had 
also charters of Bargeny, from whence 
he took his designation, Carlock, and 
other lands in Ayrshire, 23d December 
1631, and of the barony of Cambus- 

nethan, in the county of Lanark, 2d 
December 1637, with remainder succes- 
sively to Sir John Hamilton of Car- 
riden, his son, Sir James, of Broomhill, 
and Gavin of Raploch. He died soon 
afterwards. By his wife, Jane, daughter 
of Alexander Campbell, bishop of 
Brechin, of the Ardkinlas family, he 
had issue : 

1. Sir John, afterwards Lord Bar-lnq. Ret. Gen. 


2. Thomas. 

Stat. Acct. barony was granted by a new charter, under the name of Buthernok, to Arthur, son of Maurice 
vol. xv. 271. Galbraith, with power to seize and condemn malefactors, on condition that the convicts should be 
Ragman Roll, hanged on the Earl's gallows. It is probable h^'was the father of " Arthur de Galbraith," who, 
Nisbet's Heral- in 1299 and 1291, swore submission and fealty to Edward the First, King of England. He had 

dry, vol. 
A pp. 3* 

a son, William de Galbraith, who had a charter, " Willielmo filio Arthuri," from the Earl of 
Lennox, of three carracutes of land, viz. the two Buthernoks and Kinkaith. " Willielmus, Alius 
Arthuri," had a son, James, to whom David de Hamilton (evidently the Lord of Cadyow) con- 
firmed a grant of land, made by his father, William de Galbraith. 

In the remarks on the Ragman Roll, above quoted, it is stated, — " They came to be designed 
Domini de Gartconnel : Willielmus de Galbraith, Dominus de Gartconnel, in the reign of Robert 
the Third, had three daughters, one married to John Hamilton, a son of the House of Cadiow, 
the predecessor of the Hamiltons of Badernock and Bardouie, another to Nicol Douglas; a cadet 
of the Douglasses of Dalkeith, as it is said, of whom the Douglasses of Mains, Bacloch, and Kay- 
ston in Dumbartonshire ; and the third to a brother of the Logans of Restalrig, of whom came the 
Logans of Gartconnel and Balvie, now extinct." 

From the Galbraiths of Buthernok, chief of the name, came the Galbraiths of Culcruik, Green- 
ock, Killearn, and Balgair, which estates have all, except the last, passed by females, long ago, into 
families of other names. Ludovick Stewart, in his MS. Collections, Adv. Lib. p. 332, says, that 
" Janet Keith's mother was eldest daughter of the Lord of Galbraith, who was proprietor of the 
whole of Galston Parish and Riccartoun, as the water of Cessnock runs." 

The minister of the parish of Baldernock, in his Statistical Account, supposes that Buther- 
nock may be derived from Baldruinich, i. e. Druidstoun, there being a remarkable monument of 
Druidism in this parish. This conjecture must be wrong, as there does not appear ever to have 
been Druids in North Britain. 



Inq. Ret. Gen. 

Lamont's An- 
nals, MS. 

3. William. 

1. Catherine, married to Sir John 
Drumond of Machany, second son of 
James, first Lord Maderty. 

2. Helen, married, in 1623, to Sir 
James Somerville of Cambusnetlian. 
She was infeft, in her virginity, in the 
Nether Mains of Cambusnethan 4th 
July 1623. 

3. , to Sir William Vere of 


4. Mary, to Alexander Cleland of 

II. Sir John, the only son, had the 
designation of Carriden in the lifetime 
of his father, to whom he was served 
heir 23d April 1642. He had previously 
been created a peer of Scotland, by the 
title of Lord Bargeny, in 1639, with 
limitation to the heirs-male of his body. 
He accompanied the Duke of Hamilton 
in his unfortunate expedition into Eng- 
land, 1648. His attachment to the 
royal cause was so conspicuous that 
Cromwell excepted him out of his act 
of grace and pardon, 12th April 1654; 
and he died April 1 658. 

His Lordship married Lady Jean 
Douglas, second daughter of William 
first Marquis of Douglas, and had issue : 

1 . John, second Lord Bargeny. 

2. Hon. Major William Hamilton, 
married, April 1662, to Mary, daughter 
of Sir Patrick Hay of Pitfour, relict of 
George Butter of Clashberry. 

1. Hon. Margaret Hamilton, married 
first to John Kennedy of Culzean, who 
died 1665 ; second, to Sir David Ogilvy 
of Clova, and had issue by both. 

2. Hon. Anne Hamilton, married to bargexy. 

Sir Patrick Houstoun of Houstoun in Wodrow's His- 
the county of Renfrew, Bart., and died' ^' '• 4S6 
1678, her death being occasioned by a 
party of soldiers coming to that place 
during her husband's absence in Lon- 
don, and threatening her at such a rate, 
that she ordered the portcullis to be let 
down to keep them out of the house ; 
but two of her sons being without, she 
was so terrified at their menaces against 
her boys, that she fell into a fever which 
soon carried her off. 

3. Hon. Grisel Hamilton, who, by at- Ibid, 
tending on her sister, Lady Houstoun , fell 

into the same distemper, and died 1678. 

4. Hon. Marjory Hamilton, married 
to William Baillie of Lamington, and 
had a son, William, who died in his 
seventeenth year. 

5. Hon. Catherine Hamilton, married 
(contract dated December 1676,) to 
William Cunningham of Enterkine, in 
Ayrshire, and had issue, and died 11th 
January 1740. 

III. John, second Lord Bargeny, i nq . Ret in 
was served heir to his father, 17th October Pub ' Ardliv 
1662. Being obnoxious to the ministry 
of King Charles II. he was imprisoned 
in Blackness Castle in November 1679, 
and from thence removed to Edinburgh, Wodrow's 
where, on the 24th February 1680, he HUtory ' iL 15t ' 
was indicted for high treason, for having 
compassed the life of the Duke of Lau- 
derdale and others of the nobility ; hav- 
ing encouraged rebellion against the 
King, and entertained rebels in his 
house, and openly declaimed against 
episcopacy and the curates. 



bargeny. This indictment was not brought to 
""trial for want of evidence. The King, 
on the 11th May 1680, issued a letter 
to his privy council in Scotland, hearing 
that he had received a petition from 
Lord Bargeny, representing his father's 
loyalty and sufferings, asserting his in- 
nocence of the crimes he was indicted 
upon, and attesting God thereupon; and 
he was released on finding security in 
50,000 marks to stand trial. 

Burnet, i. 325. After he was at liberty he discovered, 
by diligent investigation, that Cuning- 
hame of Mountgrenan and his servant, 

Lain», ii. 106. two of the prisoners taken at Bothwell- 
bridge, were suborned by Sir Charles 
Maitland of Hatton, and Sir John Dal- 
rymple, to give false evidence against 
him. Their depositions, which also af- 
fected the Duke of Hamilton, were pre- 
pared beforehand, and they were pro- 
mised a share of the confiscated estates; 
but, as soon as ever the trial approached, 
their conscience revolted against the 
crime. Bargeny's evidence was ready 
to be produced before Parliament 28th 
July 1681. Perjury and subornation, 
charged, in open Parliament, against a 
judge and an officer of state, demanded 
public investigation, condign punish- 
ment, or the most ample retribution. 
But the Duke of York interposed to 
prevent inquiry. Lord Bargeny entered 
heartily into the Revolution, raised a 

inq. Ret. ia regiment of GOO foot for the public 

Pub. Archiv. . l 

service, 1689, and died 25th May 
1693, at 10 p.m. as his son's retour 

His Lordship married first Lady 
Margaret Cuninghame, second daughter 

of William, ninth Earl of Glencairn, 
Lord High-Chancellor of Scotland, and 
had issue : 

1. John, Master of Bargeny, who Edin. Register. 
died before his father. He married, 

19th June 1688, Jean, daughter of Sir 
Robert Sinclair of Longformacus, Bart., 
and had one daughter, Johanna, heiress 
of Bargeny. 

2. William, third Lord Bargeny. 

1. Daughter, Hon. Nicholas Hamilton, Wood's Or- 
married, 24th April 1690, to Sir Alex- mond ' Uh 
ander Hope of Kerse, Bart., and had a 
son, Sir Alexander Hope of Kerse, born 
3d January 1697. 

Lord Bargeny married, second, in Lodge's Peer. 
1676, Lady Alice Moore, eldest daughter ase> iL 108 - 
of Henry, first Earl of Drogheda, 
daughter of Henry, second Earl of Clan- 
brazil, to whom she was married 1667, 
and who died without issue 12th Jan. 
1675. She had no children to Lord 
Bargeny, and died at Roscommon-house, 
Dublin, 12th December 1677. 

IV. William, third Lord Bargeny, Minutes of 
succeeded his father 1693, took the 
oaths and his seat in Parliament 9th 
May 1695; exerted himself in opposi- 
tion to the treaty of Union 1706, and 
died about 1712. His Lordship married 
first, Mary, born 20th June 1677, eldest 
daughter of Sir William Primrose of 
Carrington, sister of the first Viscount 
Primrose, by whom he had a daughter, 

1. Hon. Grizel Hamilton, married 
15th February 1713, to Thomas Buchan 
of Cairnbulgh, advocate, and had three 
daughters, of whom Mary and Anne 
died unmarried, and the third, Nicholas, 


Edin. Rcpr. 




married Thomas Buchan of Auclimacoy, 
and had issue. 

Lord Bargeny married, secondly, 
Margaret, eldest daughter of Robert 
Dundas of Arniston, a Lord of Session, 
sister of the first President Dundas, hy 
whom he had a son, 

V. James, fourth Lord Bargeny, 
born 29th November 1710, who suc- 
ceeded his father 1712, and completed 
his education by visiting foreign coun- 
tries, as appears from Hamilton of Ban- 
gour's epitaph on the companion of his 
travels, who, 

" With kind Bargeny, faithful to his word, 
" Whom heaven made good and social, though 

a lord, 
" The cities viewed of many-languaged men." 

His Lordship died unmarried at Edin- 
burgh, 28th March 1736, in the 26th 
year of his age, and was buried 5th 
April in the Abbey-church of Holyrood- 

On the title of Bargeny, the Lords of 
Session observe, in their returns to the 
House of Peers, 1740, that " the patent 
has not been met with in the records. By 
the proceedings in a case which lately 
depended before the Court of Session, 
and which was brought by appeal before 
your Lordships, touching the succession 
to the estate of Bargeny, it appears that 
there are no heirs-male existing of the 
body of John, Lord Bargeny, who, in 
1688, made the settlement of his estate 
on which the question depended; and 
no person has at any election, since the 
death of the last lord, claimed a vote in 

right of that peerage ; but as they can- 
not discover from the records the limita-i " 
tion of that dignity, they cannot take 
upon them to say whether it is extinct 
or not." 

A competition arose for the estate 
between — 1st, the children of Johanna 
Lady Dalrymple, only daughter of John, 
Master of Bargeny — 2d, The children 
of Mrs Buchan of Cairnbulgh, daughter 
of the third Lord — and 3d, Sir Alex- 
ander Hope of Kerse, son of Nicholas, 
daughter of the second Lord. It was 
ultimately decided in the House of 
Lords in favour of the first. 

V. Johanna Hamilton, only child FounuinhtU'i 


of John Master of Bargeny, was born 
early in 1690. An order was made by 
the Court of Session, 14th July 1702, — 
when she was past twelve yeavs of age, 
and her friends were afraid of undue 
influence from her relations, the Swin- 
tons, in the nomination of tutors, — that 
she should be placed with James Ha- 
milton of Pencaitland, to remain with 
him till the 11th of November, and to 
nominate curators betwixt the 1st and 
10th November that year. She married, 
23d February 1707, Sir Robert Dal- 
rymple of Castleton, Kt., eldest son and 
heir apparent of the Hon. Sir Hew Dal- 
rymple of North Berwick, Bart., Lord 
President of the Court of Session, and 
had issue : 

1. Sir Hew. 

2. John Dalrymple, born 4th Feb- 
ruary 1715, became a member of the 
Faculty of Advocates 1735; had the 
estate of Bargeny adjudged to him by a 



Edin. Reg. 

Ibid, in 1T98. 

bargeny. decision of the House of Lords, and 
" thereupon took the name and arms of 
Hamilton of Bargeny. He was chosen 
member of Parliament for the borough 
of Wigton, and, at the general election 
1754, re-chosen on a vacancy 1762, and 
died at Bargeny 1796, just after he had 
completed his 81st year. He married 
first Lady Anne Wemyss, third daugh- 
ter of James fourth Earl Wemyss ; se- 
condly, Miss Montgomery, sister of 
Hugh, twelfth Earl of Eglintoun, but 
had no issue. 

3. Robert Dalrymple, M.D., born 6th 
March 1716, married, 22d July 1745, 
to Miss Barclay, heiress of Towie — died 
without issue. 

1. Marion, born 6th March 1708, 
married to Donald, fourth Lord Reay : 
his grand-daughter, the Hon. Marion 
Mackay, was married to Colonel William 
Fullarton of Fullarton, who died at 
London 13th February 1808, jetat 54, 
without male issue. 

This lady, by an action, presently 
pending before the Supreme Court, 
claims, as heir of entail, the estates of 
the noble family of Bargeny, and on 
this account she now assumes the family 
name of Hamilton. 

2. Jean, born 25th May 1709. 

3. Elizabeth, born 3d May 1713, 
married to William Duff of Crombie, 
advocate, sheriff of the co. of Ayr, and 
died at Ayr 24th April 1781, setat. 68, 
leaving a son, James, merchant at Cadiz. 
1. Anne, married first, to William Earl 
of Dumfries and Stair ; secondly, to the 
Hon. Alexander Gordon, Lord Rock- 
ville. 2. Janet, married to her cousin- 


german, Sir Hew Dalrymple Hamilton 

VI. Sir Hew Dalrymple of North 
Berwick, Bart, the eldest son, became a 
member of the Faculty of Advocates, 
1730, M. P. for the boroughs of Had- 
dington at the general election 1741, for 
the co. of Haddington 1 747 and 1754, 
and for the boroughs again 1761. He 
died at London 23d November 1790. 
He married, 12th July 1743, Miss 
Sainthill, and by her, who died at N. 
Berwick 31st December 1747, had issue 
two sons : 

1. Robert Stair Dalrymple, born 2d 
July 1744, a captain in the 11th Regt. 
of Dragoons, died unmarried at Man- 
chester, 11th September 1768, setat. 25. 

2. Sir Hew. 

VII. Sir Hew Dalrymple of North wood'i iv«?r- 
Berwick, the only surviving son, was age ' '". 
chosen M. P. for the co. Haddington at 

the general election 1780, and rechosen 
1784 ; a new writ was ordered, 11th 
July 1786, on his appointment to the 
office of Auditor of Excise in Scotland. 
He succeeded his father in title and es- 
tate 1790, and, on the death of his uncle 
John Hamilton, in 1796, came into pos- 
session of the Bargeny estate, which 
was confirmed to him by a decision of 
the House of Lords, on which occasion 
he took the name and arms of Hamil- 
ton of Bargeny. He died at Bargeny, 
13th November 1800. 

He married his cousin-german, Janet, 
daughter of William Duff of Crombie, 
and had issue : 


V/ooii's Peer- 
age, i. 196. 

1. Sir Hew Dalrymple Hamilton. 

2. John, Lieut.-Col. of the 10th Foot, 
elected M. P. for the boroughs of Had- 
dington, &c. on a vacancy 1805. Vacat- 
ed his seat 1806, and went to India with 
his regt. v 

He married, at Lochend, 30th July 
1806, Charlotte, oidy daughter of Sir 
Patrick Warrender of Lochend, in co. 
Haddington, Bart, and has one daugh- 

3. James, commander of an East In- 

4. Robert, in the East India Com- 
pany's Naval service. 

1. Margaret, married at North Ber- 
wick, 12th July 1809, to W. F. Browne, 
Esq. Captain in the 6th Regt. of Dra- 

2. Janet, married, January 1805, to 
Robert, second Viscount Duncan, and 
has issue. 

3. Amie. 

VIII. Sir Hew Dalrymple Hamil- 
ton of North Berwick and Bargeny, the 
eldest son, was elected M. P. for the co. 

of Haddington on a vacancy 1795, and bargeny. 

re-chosen at the general election 1T96. 

He succeeded his father in 1800, was 
elected M. P. for Ayrshire on a vacancy 
1803, and re-chosen at the general elec- 
tion 1806. He married, 19th May 1S00, 
Jane, eldest daughter of Adam, first 
Viscount Duncan, and has issue. 

Arms of the first Lord Bargeny. — 
Quarterly, 1st and 4th, gules, three 
cinquefoils, ermine, for Hamilton; 2d 
and 3d, argent, a ship with her sails furl- 
ed up, sable, for Arran, all within a bor- 
dure gobonated, argent and azure, the 
first charged with hearts, gules, and the 
second mullets of the first. 

Crest. — A crescent, gules. 

Supporters. — Dexter, an antelope, 
argent, collared, gules, charged with 
three cinquefoils, ermine ,■ sinister, a sa- 
vage proper, with a shoulder-belt, gules, 
charged with cinquefoils, ermine, and 
wreathedabout the head and middle with 
laurel, vert, holding in his sinister hand, 
a garb, Or. 

Motto. — " Je ispear." 



BARNCLuiTH. t John Hamilton of Barncluitli, 
~ designed " Maister Johne," is the first 
who has been met with of this family. 
He was Commissary of Hamilton, as 

appears from deeds in the Commissary Com. Rcc. 
Records, from 1583 to 1610, and up- 

He was married to Libra Hamilton. 




barncluith . She died on the 1 8th August 1592, as 
com. Rec. appears from her registered will in 1610, 
wherein she leaves a legacy to her hus- 
band's brother, Robert Hamilton. 

Dying without issue, he was succeed- 
ed by his brother, 

Inq. Ret. Gen. H. ROBERT HAMILTON, who, On the 
588. . 

18th February 1615, was served hen - in 

general to John Hamilton of Bamcluith. 

On the 16th May 1615, Robert Ha- 

J}oubleofchar- m n ton of Barncluith got a charter of 

ter, penes Laird 

Mather, Meikle resignation from James, Marquis of Ha- 
milton, of the lands of Barncluith, and 
other lands in the Haugh of Hamilton, 
and to his two daughters, Margaret and 
Janet, successively, and the heirs-male 
of their bodies, respectively; whom fail- 
ing, to John Hamilton of Udston, and 
bis son James ; whom failing, to the 
nearest heir-male of the name of Ha- 

On the 7th October 1616, he was also 
retoured heir to his brother, in an an- 

inq. liet. Lan. nual-rent of 12 bolls of oatmeal from the 

farm of Auchinreath in the barony of 

Blantyre, with a tenement of land called 
Cassilhill, in the burgh of Hamilton, 
and six acres of land annexed to the 
same, within the territory of the town 
of Hamilton. 

He married a daughter of John Ha- 
milton of Orbiston, by whom he had 
issue : 

1. Margaret, married to James Ha- 
Bar. 466. mil ton, second son of John Hamilton, 

the seventh of Udstoun. 

2. Janet. 

He died in January 1627, and was 
succeeded by, 

III. James Hamilton and Margaret 

James Hamilton of Barncluith was, 
on the 19th November 1628, on thein-sh. Rec. Ham. 
quest of the service of James Hamilton, 
the fourth of Bothwellhaugh. In 1632, 
January, he was creditor to John Ha- 
milton of Trabrawn, in the sum of 400 
merks. James and Margaret had issue: 

1. Quintin, his successor. 

2. James, minister of Eaglesham. He 
was appointed, in December 1654, "one Com. Rec. Gla.. 
of ye curators to the bairnes of umqnhile 
Robert Hamilton of Milburne." He had 
issue, John Hamilton, W. S. who had 
two sons; 1. James, who died without 
issue in 1704; 2. John, who also died 
without issue. 

3. Robert, of whom afterwards. 

4. Sir Archibald of Rosehall. 
1. Daughter, Margaret. vu.l**U W^ fU-^'l)^ 
James Hamilton of Barncluith died 

in 1632. In his testament, he appointed 
" Margaret, his spouse, executrix to his Ibid, 
haill bairnes ;" and to bis dochter, Mar- 
garet, he left the sum of 400 merks. 
Margaret, his relict, as appears from the 
kirk-session books of Hamilton, died on 
the 13th September 1648. He was suc- 
ceed by his son, Quintin. 

. IV. Quintin Hamilton of Barn- 
cluith. He is mentioned in the sheriff 
records of Hamilton in 1634, and again 
in 1642. He was appointed, in 1648, 
one of the committee of war for the co. 
of Lanark, and, in 1650, captain for the 
castle of Evandale for the King, which 
he garrisoned and furnished with pro- 
vision at his own expense ; for paying 


Pari. Rec 

of which, his brother, Robert, obtained 
a decreet against the shire of Lanark in 

He gave a disposition, 31st March 
1658, to John Hamilton, baillie of Ar- 
ran, of a house in the High Street of 

He married a daughter of the Laird of 
Orbistoun, and died 3d April 1660; and 
was succeeded by his only son. He 
had also several daughters, of whom 
Margaret was married to James Rich- 
ards of Barskimming, and had issue. 

V. John Hamilton of Barncluith. 
He was a commissioner of supply for 
Lanarkshire in the year 1678. He gave 
a charter of the house in Hamilton to 
John Hamilton, the son of the baillie of 
Arran, on 17th May 1673. 

Dying without issue, he was succeed- barncluith. 
ed by his uncle, 

IV. Robert Hamilton of Barn- 
cluith, afterwards Lord Pressmannan, Wishaw Claim, 
his title as a Senator of the College of 
Justice. In 1685, he is mentioned in 
a deed as baillie of the regality of Ha- 
milton. He had issue : 

1. John, who, marrying Margaret, 
grand-daughter of the first Lord Belha- 
ven, became the second Lord Belhaven ; 
for which, see the article Belhaven. 

2. James, Lord Pencaitland. 

3. William, W. S. died unmarried. 

4. Daniel, died without issue. 

5. Robert, died without issue. 

6. Henry, surgeon, who married Ca- 
therine Ross, but left no issue male. 

7. Tlmmas, died without issue,^. 


Chart, penes 
Ham. of Barnes. 

I. The first of this family was Claud 
Hamilton, second son of Gawin, the 
seventh of Raploch. He had a charter 
from his father, dated 1st April 1575, 
" Claudio Hamilton, filio suo secundo 
genito," of the barony of Barnes, and the 
lands of Easter and Wester Kilbowies. 

He was cautioner for James Hamilton 

of Craigleith. The bond or obligation 

runs thus, 15th January 1623, — " Be kend to all men, me James Hamilton, 

brother german of Sir Claud Hamilton 

of Craigleith, Knight, and Claud Hamil- 
ton, cautioner and full suretie for me, to 
have borrowit and ressavit fra umq". ane 
nobill Erie, James, Erie of Abircorn, ane 
Lord of guid memorie, ye sowme of 
twa hundrethe merkis." 

He married Catherine Knox, niece to 
Knox of Silvielands, who was a brother Crawf,MS.Col. 
of the family of Ranferlie in Renfrew- 
shire, by whom he had issue : 

1. James, who succeeded him, but 
died without issue. 



barkes. 2. Robert, who succeeded his brother 

""'"' James. 

Claud Hamilton, the first of Barnes, 
died in the month of September 1632, 
as appears from his testament recorded 
in the books of the Commissariat of 
Glasgow. He was succeeded by, 

II. James Hamilton of Barnes, 
whom the MS. history of tbe families 
of Raploch and Barnes designates as 
being " a learned hopefull young man." 
Retouiin Pub. He was served heir to his father, 17th 
December 1634, in the lands of Barnes, 
and Culbowy Easter and Wester, in the 
lordship and barony of Kilpatrick, and 
regality of Paisley. He died without 
issue, and was succeeded by his brother, 

II. Robert Hamilton of Barnes, 
who is retoured heir, 19th March 1642. 
Ibid. In 1643, he was appointed one of the 
commissioners for the co. of Dumbar- 
ton, for raising the army for the defence 

Pari. Rec. of the kingdom ; and, in 1656, along with 
Gavin Hamilton of Raploch, he was ap- 

Sh. Rcc. Ham. pointed tutor to young Robert Hamil- 
ton of Milburn, as being nearest of kin 
on his father's side. In 1661, he was 
commissioner of supply for the co. of 

He married Mary, daughter of Wal- 
ter Macaulay of Ardincaple in Dunbar- 
tonshire. Robertson, in his Gen. of 
Cunninghame, says he was married, 
in 1662, to Janet, a daughter of John 
Brisbane, the tenth of that Hk. He left 
issue : 

1. Claud, his heir. 

2. James, of Hutchistoun. 

Robert of Barnes died in July 1677, 
as appears by his recorded will. Cora . Hec . Glas . 

III. Claud Hamilton of Barnes, 
who suffered greatly during the perse- 
cutions under Charles II. and his bro- 
ther James II., on account of religion. 
In 1662, he was fined by the Earl of 
Middleton in £\20Q Scots for non-con- 
formity. In 1674, he was again fined Wodmw's Hist. 
in a quarter of his rents, for having at- 1 ' 
tended a conventicle ; and again, in the 
years 1684 and 5, fines to a considerable Ibid. 375. 

, , . , , . T , Ibid. ii. 460. 

amount were awarded against him. He 

had a charter of the lands of Easter Reg. Mag. Sig. 

Cochnoch, 20th January 1682. No. 03. 

He married, in 1670, Anne, daughter 
of Sir Walter Stewart of Allanton, by Rob. Renf. 
whom he had issue : 

1. James, his successor. 

IV. James Hamilton of Barnes, 
who had a charter of resignation under Barnes' MS. 
the great seal, " Jacobi Hamilton, unici Lib. lxxxix. 
filij legitimi Claudij Hamilton de Bar- No- 70- 
nes, ejusque sponsae," of the four pound 
land of Barnes, dated 29th November 

He married Grizzell, sister of Sir 
John Maxwell of Pollock, and had 
issue : 

1. Claud, his successor. 

2. John, a merchant in Glasgow. 

3. Robert, surveyor of the customs at 

1. Marion, married to Dun- 
lop of Garnkirk. 

2. Margaret, married Mr John Da- 
vidson, minister of old Kilpatrick. 

3. Jean, who died unmarried. 


Mag. Sig. Lib. Major of Marines. 

xcvii. No. 148. 

V. Claud Hamilton of Barnes, a 
He had a charter, 
under the great seal, of the four pound 
lands of old extent of Barnes, dated 23d 
June 1740. He died unmarried, and 
was succeeded by his brother, 

V. John Hamilton of Barnes. 

He married Marion, daughter of John 
Bryson, Esq. of Craigallion, by whom 
he had issue : 

1. James, his successor. 

2. Claud, a captain in the 54th regt. 
afterwards Major of the Lanarkshire 
and Dumbarton Fencible Cavalry, and, 
on their reduction, Collector of the cus- 
toms at Glasgow. 

1. Grizzell, married to John Hamil- 
ton Dundas of Westburn and Dudding- 

VI. James Hamilton, now of Bar- 
nes. He was Major-commandant of 
the late corps of Dumbartonshire Yeo- 
manry Cavalry. 

He married Eleanor Dun, daughter 
of John Dun, Esq. of Tannochside, by 
whom he had issue : 

1. John, major in the 11th regt. of 
Foot, who was severely wounded at the 
battle of Salamanca, and died soon after 
that action. 

2. James, who died in his infancy. 

3. Claud, who also died young. 

4. James, his heir apparent. 

1. Elizabeth, "» 

V who died young;. 

2. Judith, j ; fe 

3. Marion. 

4. Grace. 

5. Margaret, and 

6. Jane. 

Arms. — Gules, a man's heart, or, 
betwixt three cinquefoils, ermine, all 
within a bordure indented of the second ; 
on a helmet befitting his degree, with 
a mantle gules, doubled argent, and 
wreath of his colours ; set for his cre6t, 
a man's heart, gules, charged with a 
cinquefoil, argent. 

Motto. — " Fidelis in adversis." 


I. The Hamiltons of Bathgate were 
an ancient and respectable family settled 
at Bathgate in Linlithgowshire. The 
first of the family, Sir William de Ha- 
milton, Knt., was the third son of Sir 

David de Hamilton, Dominus de Cad- bathgate. 

yow, and Johanetta de Keith, Domina ~ 
de Galstoun. His mother, who was R | )enso „' s 
proprietrix of the lands of Bathgate, Indel - 
granted him, in her widowhood, a 



bathgate charter of these lands, which was con- 
"™ firmed under the great seal, 24th March 

He was witness, along with his 
bi'others, Sir John Hamilton of Cadyow, 
and Andrew Hamilton of Bruntwood, to 
a charter of Andrew de Moravia to 
Janet de Kirchalche, of her liferent of 
the lands of Touchadam in Stirlingshire, 
dated, apud Manuell 14th May 1392. 
The next of this family that has been 
met with, was, 

Acta And. 
p. 89. 

Mag. Sig. Lib, 
xt. No. 10. 

Ibid. Lib. xxx. 
No. 601. 

Ibid. Lib. xxx 
No. 835. 

II. Alexander Hamilton of Bath- 
gate, mentioned in the Acta Auditorum 
of date 15th October 1479. Margaret 
Hamilton, who was probably his daugh- 
ter, married, about the same period, 
Patrick Colquhoun of Kenmure. 

III. William Hamilton of Bath- 
gate, who was succeeded by his son, 

IV. Alexander Hamilton of Bath- 
gate, who had a charter " Alexandre 
Hamilton, filio et hajredi Willielmi Ha- 
milton de Bathgatt, terrarum de Bath- 
gatt," dated 17th June 1508. He had 
issue : 

1. Peter, his successor. 

2. William, who had a charter, " to 
William Hamilton, son of Alexander 
Hamilton, and to Margaret Heriot, his 
spouse, of the muir lands of Bathgate," 
dated 26th February 1549. 

V. Peter Hamilton of Bathgate, 
who had a charter, " Petro Hamilton, 
apparenti de Bathgatt, terrarum de 
Bathgatt," dated 20th August 1549. 

He married Janet Hamilton, by whom 
he had issue : 

VI. Robert Hamilton of Bathgate, Ibid. Lib. xxxi. 
who had a charter, " to Robert Hamil- 
ton, younger of Bathgate, and Margaret 
Witherspoon, his spouse, and Janet Ha- 
milton, his mother, of the barony of 
Bathgate," dated 27th May 1557. 

He was forfeited for his attachment Fairliolm, MS. 
to the interests of the Hamilton Family, 
and was obliged to flyinto England; but 
he returned with the banished lords in 
1585, when his estates were restored. 

He gave a disposition, in 1604, of 
some temple-lands in Linlithgowshire, 
to the magistrates and community of 
the town of Linlithgow. He left issue : 

1. Robert, his successor. 

2. William, designed in a deed, in Sher. Rcc. Ha- 
March 1617, " filius quondam Roberti™' 
Hamilton de Bathgaitt." He is again 
mentioned, as on an inquest of retour, 

in 1626. 

3. James, who, in 1602, was infeft in Gen. Reg. of 
the lands of Harper-rig. 

1. Daughter, Elizabeth, married to Nisb. Her. Ap. 
Thomas Muirhead of Johnstone, a son V ° 
of the house of Lauchope. 

VII. Robert Hamilton of Bath- Mag. Sig. Lib. 

, , , , _ . xliii. No. 155. 

gate, who had a charter, " to Robert 
Hamilton, younger of Bathgate, of the 
Mains of Bathcatt," dated 18th Feb- 
ruary 1600. On the 11th November 
1 608, he had a charter of confirmation 
of the barony of Bathgatt, with the ibid. Lib. iW. 
office of Sheriff of the Sheriffdom of No> 2i4 " 

He married, first, Elizabeth Ross, Gen. Reg. of 



who is mentioned as his spouse, in 1600. 
He married, secondly, Elizaheth, daugh- 
ter of Sir Alexander Hamilton of Inner- 
Privy Seal Rec.wick : she had a charter of the lands of 
Quhitelaw, of date 25th Octoher 1620. 
He left issue : 

1. Tliomas, his successor. 

Nisb. Her. Ap. 1. Daughter, Grizzel, married to 

II. 867. 

James Muirhead of Bredisholm, repre- 
sentative of the ancient family of Muir- 
heads of Lauchope. 

VIH. Thomas Hamilton of Bath- 

gate, who had a charter, " Thomae Ha- bathgate. 

c ii. 849. 

milton, apparenti de Bathgatt, terrarum Scot's Acts of 
de Bathgatt," dated 16th November ParK 
1633. He was a commissioner of sup- 
ply for the co. of Linlithgow in 1661. 

He had another charter, " to Thomas Chaim. Caled. 
Hamilton of Bathgate, of the lands of" 
Bathgate," dated 4th June 1663. And 
he obtained, from Charles the Second, 
a charter, of the same date, of the office 
of Sheriff of Bathgate. 

I have been unable to trace this family 

3S0V& Ue Ifriton* 



Wood's Peer- 
»ge, i- 201. 

I. The first Lord Belhaven was Sir 
: John Hamilton of Beil, eldest son of 
Sir James Hamilton , the third of Broom- 
hill. : -x 

He was a loyal subject to King 
Charles the First, by whom, in con- 
sideration of his fidelity to his cause, he 
was created a peer by the title of Lord 
Belhaven and Stentoun, to himself and 
the heirs-male of his body ; which fail- 
ing, to Ids heirs-male whatever, by pa- 
tent dated 15th December 1647. His 
Lordship accompanied the Duke of Ha- 
milton in his unfortunate expedition into 
England to attempt the rescue of the 
King, 1648, and escaped from the rout 
at Preston. In 1675 his Lordship made 

a resignation of his title into the hands 
of King Charles the Second, who, by 
patent, dated at Whitehall, 10th Feb- 
ruary 1675, conferred the peerage on 
him for life, with remainder, after his 
decease, to the husband of one of his 
grand-daughters, John Hamilton (eldest 
son of Robert Hamilton of Pressman- 
nan, one of the principal clerks of Coun- 
cil and Session, and after the Revolu- 
tion one of the judges of the Supreme 
Court,) and to the heirs-male of his 
body ; which failing, to his nearest heirs- 
male whatever. His Lordship married 
Margaret, natural daughter of James, 
second Marquis of Hamilton, by whom 
he had three daughters : 



belhaven. 1- ** on ' ^ ar( J aret Hamilton, married 
— — = to Sir Samuel Baillie, younger of Lam- 

Nisbet, ii. Ap. - 

139. ington, and had issue. 

2. Hon. Anne Hamilton, of whom 

3. Hon. Elizabeth Hamilton, third 
wife of Alexander first Viscount King- 
ston, without issue. 

The Hon. Anne Hamilton married 
Sir Robert, the eighth of Silvertonhill ; 
they had issue : 
Baronage, 426. 1. Sir Robert Hamilton, Bart., who 
earned on the line of the family of Sil- 

2. Thomas, who died without succes- 

1. Margaret, of whom afterwards. 

2. Anne, married to Sir William 
Craigie of Cairnie, without issue. 

3. Elizabeth, married to John Liv- 
instone, Esq., Captain of Dragoons, and 
had a son, James, married to a daughter 
of Sir James Foulis of Colinton. 

4. Mary. 

Margfcret Hamilton, the eldest daugh- 
ter, married John Hamilton, eldest son 
of Robert Hamilton of Pressmannan. 
Her grandfather, Lord Belhaven, set- 
tled on them the estate of Biel, and re- 
signed his title (as already mentioned) 
in favour of her husband, who of course 
Belhaven Case, became second Lord Belhaven on his 
death, in 1679. The reader will per- 
ceive his Lordship's descent by referring 
to the article Barncluith. 

II. John Hamilton, second Lord 
Belhaven, was born 5th July 1656. 
After his accession to the honours, in 
1679, he embarked keenly in public af- 

fairs, and soon distinguished himself by 
his opposition to ministers. In the Wood's Peer- 
Parliament, 1681, when the act for the age ' 20i ' 
test was brought in, Lord Belhaven said, 
" that he saw a very good act for secur- 
ing our religion from one another among 
the subjects themselves : but he did not 
see an act for securing our religion 
against a popish or fanatical successor 
to the crown." For these words his 
Lordship was committed prisoner to the 
Castle of Edinburgh, and the King's 
advocate declared that there was matter 
for an accusation of treason against him. 
But some days afterwards his Lordship 
was, on his submission, restored to his 
seat in Parliament. He attended the 
meeting of the Scottish nobility in Lon- 
don, January 1689, where he concurred 
in the address to the Prince of Orange 
to assume the government and call a 
Convention of the Estates. He was pre- 
sent at the Convention, and contributed 
much to the settling of the crown upon 
William and Mary, who constituted his 
Lordship one of their privy councillors, 
and a commissioner for executing the 
office of Lord Register. He commanded 
a troop of horse at the battle of Killi- 
cranky, 27th July 1689. On the acces- 
sion of Queen Anne he was continued 
a privy councillor ; was constituted one 
of the commissioners of the Treasury in 
August 1704, but removed next year. r^j. 

No person opposed the treaty of Union 
with more warmth than Lord Belhaven, 
who displayed, on the topic, unbounded 
eloquence. His nervous and pathetic 
speeches on that subject are to be met 
with in various publications. The Ian- 


guage is unpolished, the metaphors often 
hard, sometimes grand; but on the 
whole they are curious and interesting 
specimens of the senatorial eloquence of 
the times. 

When the Pretender, assisted by the 
French, attempted to invade Scotland 
in 1708, Lord Belhaven was taken up 
on suspicion of favouring the invasion 
and sent prisoner to London ; thus un- 
necessarily insulting the kingdom with 
the afflicting spectacle of its most dis- 
tinguished patriot led in triumph 
through the English capital. His high 
spirit burst at the disgrace, and he died 
of an inflammation of the brain 2 1st June 
1708, immediately on his release from 
prison, in the 52d year of his age. A 
Boyer's Queen contemporary writer says, he was of a 
good stature, well set, of a healthy con- 
stitution, a graceful and manly pre- 
sence ; had a quick conception, with a 
ready and masculine expression, and 
was steady in his principles, both in 
politics and religion. A portrait of his 
Lordship may be seen in Pinkerton's 
Scottish Gallery. He published " An 

Caledonia i. Advice to the Farmers of East Lothian 

to cultivate and improve their grounds." 

By the said Margaret Hamilton his 

Lordship had issue : 

1. John, third Lord Belhaven. 

2. Hon. James Hamilton, who became 
a member of the Faculty of Advocates in 
1703; was appointed assistant solicitor 
to the boards of customs and excise in 
Scotland in 1717, and died 28th June 
1732 without issue by his wife, Anne, 
daughter of John Walkinshaw of Walk- 


III. John, third Lord Belhaven, sue- „l° ri > 

ceeded his father in 1708; was chosen : 
one of the sixteen representatives of the 
Scottish peerage, at the general election 
in 1715; appointed one of the gentlemen 
of the bed-chamber to George, Prince 
of Wales, and commanded the East 
Lothian troop of horse at the battle of 
Sheriffmuir 13th November 1715, where 
he gave proofs of valour and intre- 
pidity. His Lordship had the govern- 
ment of Barbadoes conferred on him in 
1721, and sailed for that island, on 
board the Royal Anne galley. This ves- 
sel was unfortunately lost going down 
channel, on the Stag Rocks, near the 
Lizard Point, about midnight, 17th No- 
vember 1721, by which disastrous ac- 
cident his Lordship perished, with the 
whole on board, 240 in number, two 
men and a boy excepted, who drifted on 
shore on pieces of the wreck. 

He married Anne, daughter of An- 
drew Bruce, merchant in Edinburgh, a 
cadet of the family of Earlshall in Fife, 
and had issue four sons and one 

1. John, fourth Lord Belhaven. 

2. Hon. Andrew Hamilton, an officer 
in the army, died unmarried in 1736. 

3. James, fifth Lord Belhaven. 

4. Hon. Robert Hamilton, a major in 
the army, in the expedition to Cartha- 
gena, under Lord Cathcart, in 1741, 
and died unmarried in 1743. 

I. Hon. Margaret Hamilton, married 
to Alexander Baird, son of Sir William 
Baird of Newbyth. 

IV. John, fourth Lord Belhaven, 

Wood, i. 206. 




succeeded his father in 1721 ; was ge- 
: ueral of the mint, one of the trustees for 
the encouragement and improvement of 
trade, manufactures, and fisheries in 
Scotland, and died unmarried at New- 
castle upon Tyne, 28th August 1764. 
He was succeeded by his brother, 

V. James, fifth Lord Belhaven, who 
was bred to the law, and became a mem- 
ber of the faculty of advocates in 1727, 
was appointed assistant solicitor to the 
boards of excise and customs in 1733, 
and sherif-depute of the co. of Had- 
dington, on the abolition of heritable 
jurisdictions in 1747: he succeeded to 
the title in 1764, and died at Biel 25th 
January 1777. 

Belhaven Case. 

By virtue of an entail executed by 
John, second Lord Belhaven, 17th 
October 1701, settling his estates on the 
heirs-male of his body, and the heirs- 
male of the body of his father, Lord 
Pressmannan, whom failing, on the 
heirs-female ; which entail was con- 
firmed by James, fifth Lord Belhaven, 
by another entail of 14th May 1765: 
wherein he excluded the jus mariti of 
the husbands of the heirs-female suc- 
ceedin g to the property. The whole male 
descendants of Lord Presmannan hav- 
ing failed, the family estates, of great 
value, devolved on Mrs Mary Hamilton 
Nisbet of Pencaithland, Saltcoats and 
Dechmont, wife of William Nisbet of 
Dirleton. She was accordingly served 
heir of tailzie and provision to James, 
fifth Lord Belhaven, 3dDecember 1783. 
The whole male descendants of James 

Hamilton of Barncluith having also fail- 
ed, the title of Lord Belhaven, in terms 
of the patent 1675, devolved on Robert 
Hamilton of Wishaw, being the heir- 
male whatever, that is, the nearest heir- 
male existing in the collateral line, ac- 
cording to the usual course of descent 
established by the law of Scotland, of 
John, second Lord Belhaven. By this 
course of descent, it is settled, that, in 
case of three brothers, and the middle 
brother failing, the younger is entitled 
to succeed as his heir-male, and not 
the elder. It is stated, in another part 
of this work, that John Hamilton of 
Udston had three sons, — first, John of 
Coltness ; second, James of Barncluith, 
whose descendant had the title of Lord 
Belhaven conferred on him in 1675 ; 
and, thirdly, William Hamilton of Wi- 
shaw, whose descendant, Robert Hamil- 
ton of Wishaw, thus became entitled to 
the Peerage. But the title was assumed 
by William Hamilton, captain in the 
44th Regt. of Foot, lineal descendant 
and heir-male of John Hamilton of Colt- 
ness, the elder of the three brothers, and 
he voted at the general election in 1790, 
as Lord Belhaven. An objection was 
taken to his right, and evidence was 
given that there were male decendants 
of the body of William Hamilton of 
Wishaw, the youngest of the three bro- 
thers ; consequently, the character of 
heir-male whatever of John, second 
Lord Belhaven, the patentee of 1675, 
could not belong to the gentleman who 
voted at the election, such character be- 
ing by law in the descendants of Wil- 
liam Hamilton of Wishaw. 


This argument was supported by the 
Attorney-general, attending on behalf 
of the Crown ; and the Lords' Commit- 
tee of Privileges unanimously resolved, 
5th June 1793, that the votes given at 
the election by the said person, under 
the title of Lord Belhaven, were not 
good, and this resolution was confirmed 
by the House of Peers. Soon after the 
determination of this point, William 
Hamilton of Wishaw, eldest son and 
heir of Robert, presented to the King a 
petition, claiming the title, honours and 
dignity of Lord Belhaven ; and this pe- 
tition being, as usual, referred to the 
House of Peers and the Lords' Com- 
mittee of Privileges, the claim was de- 
termined in his favour in 1799. We 
ehall now proceed to trace his Lordship's 
descent from — 

B*rou«gt, 479. 1. William Hamilton of Wishaw, 
third son of John Hamilton the seventh 
of Udston, and Margaret Muirhead. 
He married, in August 1621, Bea- 

BeiimTcn Case, trix, daughter of James Douglas of 
Morton or Gogars, and had issue : 

1. James Hamilton, his heir. 

2. John, who died without issue at 
Gartness, in 1666. 

3. William, who carried on the line 
of the family. 

4. Quintin, who also died without issue. 

1. Margaret, married to George Cle- 
larid of Gartness. 

2. Jean, married to John Bryson of 
Hartfield, in the parish of Neilston, 

Renfrewshire, son of Bryson, 

merchant and burgess in Glasgow. 

2. James Hamilton of Wishaw, who, lord 


MS. penes Dr 

being unfortunate in trade, greatly in- : 
volved the family estate, and dying with- 
out issue, in the year 1654, was suc- 
ceeded by his brother William. 

3. William Hamilton of Wishaw, who 
acquired the family estate. He lived to Wood, i. 207. 
a very advanced age, not dying until 
1724 or 1726. 

He married, first, in 1 660, his cousin 
Anne, daughter of John Hamilton of 
Udston, and had issue : 

1. William, who died unmarried be- 
fore his father. 

2. Robert, of whom afterwards. 

3. James, born 4th March 1669, died 
without issue. 

4. Archibald, born 10th February 
1667, married Miss Hamilton, heiress 
of Dalscrf, and had issue. 

5. John, born 1st December 1667, 
died without issue. 

6. Thomas, died young. 

1. Margaret, married to CI el and of 

He married secondly, in 1676, Mary, 
born 21st November 1639, eldest daugh- 
ter of the H»n.' Sir Charles Erskine of 
Alva, Bart., £fth~~son of John, seventh — 
Earl of Mar, and had issue by her : 

1. Charles of Wetherby, latterly de- 
signed of Garion, born 17th December 
1678, married, in 1699, to Euphemia, 
youngest daughter of Sir Archibald 
Hamilton of Rosehall, Bart., by whom 
he had William, born 28th December 
1700, died young; Bethia, born 31et 
January 1702, married to William Ha- 



lord milton of Wishaw ; Archibald, born 7th 


; January 1703, died young, and Char- 
lotte, designed, in 1772, of Halleraig. 

2. John, Writer to the Signet, no- 
ticed in Carnwath's Memoirs, as the per- 
son dispatched by the Jacobites in Scot- 
land, in 1708, to the Duke of Hamil- 
ton, then at Ashton in Lancashire, with 
the intelligence of the projected inva- 
sion of the French and the Pretender. 
He married a daughter of Garshore of 
that Ilk, and had two daughters, Helen, 
married, in 1741, to Sir Patrick Mur- 
ray of Auchtertyre, Bart, and had issue, 
and died at Gorthy, 11th July 1773; 
and Jacobina, married to Sir George 
Dunbar of Mochrum, Bart., and had 
issue, and died at Edinburgh, 28th Ja- 
nuary 1792. 

3. William, born 6th August 1685, 
bred to the law in Scotland ; went to 
London soon after the Union, and was 
admitted to the English bar. He mar- 
ried Helen, daughter of David Hay of 
Woodcockdale in the co. of Linlithgow, 
sister of David Bruce of Kinnaird, and 
had one son, the Right Hon. William 
Gerard Hamilton, born inLincoln's-Inn- 
Fields, 28th January 1729, electedM.P. 
for Petersfield on a vacancy, in 1754, 
sat for other places in eight successive 
Parliaments, and was 42 years in the 
House of Commons. He was Chancel- 
lor of the Exchequer in Ireland, from 
1763 till 1784, and was one of the re- 
puted authors of the Letters of Junius. 

He died, unmarried, at Loudon on 
16th July 1796, in the 6Sth year of his 
age, and was buried in the chancel 
vault of St Martin's-in-the-Fields. His 

paternal estate devolved on his cousin, 
William Hamilton of Lincoln's-Inn- 

4. Thomas, an officer in the army, 
died unmarried. 

5. Alexander, solicitor of law at Lon- 
don, who took a great interest in the 
education of James Bruce of Kinnaird, 
the Abyssinian traveller, nephew of the 
wife of his brother William. He mar- 
ried, first, a daughter of Colonel Dal- 
ziell, by whom he had no issue ; second- 
ly, Miss Liilie, and had two sons, Wil- 
liam Hamilton, Esq. of Lincoln's-Inn- 
Fields, married, and had two daughters; 
and the Rev. and learned Anthony Ha- 
milton, D. D. Archdeacon of Colches- 
ter, Vicar of St Martin's-in-the-Fields, 
and Rector of Stadham in Hertford- 

1. Helen, born 11th August 1677, 
married to Andrew Baillie of Parbroath 
in Fife, and had issue. 

2. Catherine, born 13th May 1682, 
married to David Pitcairn, minister of 
Dysart, and had issue. 

3. Mary, married to Dr David Bal- 
four, son of Sir Michael Balfour of Den- 
miln, and had no issue. 

4. Janet, married to Gartshore of 
that Ilk, and had no issue. 

5. Christian, died young. 

6. Anne, bom 11th February 1692, 
married to James Bogle, Esq. receiver- 
general of the customs in Scotland, and 
had issue. 

4. Robert Hamilton, younger of Wi- 
shaw, the second son, died before his Wood, i. eos. 
father, having married, in 1686, Jean, 


eldest daughter and heiress of William 
Hamilton of Brownmuir in Ayrshire, 
and had four sons : 

1. William of Wishaw. 

2. Robert, minister of Hamilton, mar- 
ried to Cecil, daughter of Mr Francis 
Borland, minister of Glassford, and had 

3. John, died unmarried. 

4. James of Stevenston. 

5. William Hamilton of Wishaw suc- 
Wood, i. 208. oeeded his grandfather ; and was killed 

by a fall from his horse betwixt Hamil- 
ton and Wishaw, 16th April 1756. He 
married Bethia, eldest daughter of his 
uncle Charles of Wetherbyin Fife; and 
by her, who was born 31st January 
1702, and died at Luthrie, 2d October 
1785, had issue : 

1. Charles, of Wishaw. 

2. William, an officer in the army, 
died unmarried before Charles. 

3. Robert, who succeeded his brother 

4. James, married to Anne, daughter 
of James Bowie of Holehouse, and had 
issue, and died at Falkirk, 14th August 

5. John, of Bellfield, merchant in 
Edinburgh, married first, 15th June 
1762, Isabella, daughter of Sir Henry 
Stirling of Ardoch, Bart.; secondly, 
Miss Grahame, by whom he had a son, 

6. Archibald, died unmarried. 

1. Euphemia, married to Colonel 
Alexander Baillie of Parbroath and 
Luthrie, assistant barrack-master-gene- 
ral for Scotland. 

6. Charles Hamdton of Wishaw, who, lord 

, . ." BELHAVEN. 

dying unmarried on the 15th May 1763,: 

was succeeded by his brother, 

VI. Robert Hamilton of Wishaw, 
who, on the death of James, fifth Lord 
Belhaven, in 1777, became entitled, 
in the legal course of succession, to his 
honours ; but did not assume the Peer- 
age, which was usurped by a person 
having no title thereto, as already men- 

This Robert Hamilton, who was of 
right sixth Lord Belhaven, died at Wi- 
shaw, 27th March 1784. 

He married at Edinburgh, 1st Feb- 
ruary 1764, Susan, second daughter of 
Sir Michael Balfour of Denmiln in Fife, 
Bart, and by her, who died at Edin- 
burgh, 9th January 1789, had three 
sons and five daughters; (the younger 
children taking the style of Honourable, 
as their father was legally entitled to 
the Peerage of Belhaven.) 

1. William, seventh Lord Belhaven. 

2. Hon. Robert Hamilton. 

3. Hon. Peter Douglas Hamilton. 

1. Hon. Mary Erskine Hamilton, 
died unmarried, at Edinburgh, 4th June 

2. Hon. Jean Hamilton, married, 24th 
February 1791, to George Ramsay of 
Barnton, and has issue. 

3. Hon. Bethia Hamilton, married, 
9th December 1791, to William Ram- 
say, Esq. banker in Edinburgh, and 
died in Charlotte Square, there, 30th 
August 1809, leaving issue. 

4. Hon. Susan Hamilton. 

Wood, i. S08. 




5. Hon. Euphemia Hamilton, died un- 
• married. 

"Wood, i. 209. VII. William, seventh Lord Bel- 
haven, born 13tn January 1765, suc- 
ceeded his father in 1784, but did not 
assume the title till the determination 
of the House of Peers in his favour, in 
1799. His Lordship was an officer in 
the 3d, or King's own Regt. of Dra- 
goons, afterwards Colonel of the Lan- 
arkshire and Dumbartonshire Fencible 
Cavalry, and Lieut.-Col. of the Royaj 
Lanarkshire Militia. 

His Lordship married, at Edinburgh, 
3d March 1789, Penelope, youngest 
daughter of Ranald MacDonald of Clan- 
ronald in Invernesshire, and had issue : 

1. Robert-Montgomery, eighth Lord 
Belhaven . 

2. Hon. William Hamilton, born 1797. 

1. Hon. Penelope Hamilton. 

2. Hon. Susan Mary Hamilton, mar- 
ried, 16th November 1820, to Peter 
Ramsay, Esq. banker in Edinburgh. 

3. Hon. Flora Hamilton. 

4. Hon. Jean Hamilton, married, 15th 
Feb. 1819, toCapt.Charles Sotheby, R.N. 

5. Hon. Bethia Hamilton. 

ibid. VIII. Robert Montgomery Ha- 

milton, eighth Lord Belhaven and Sten- 
toun, one of the sixteen representatives 
of the Scottish Peerage. 

His Lordship married Hamilton, 

second daughter of Walter Campbell, 
Esq. of Shawfield and Mrs Mary Ha- 
milton of Pencaitland, Saltcoats, &c. 

Titles. — Robert Montgomery Ha- 
milton, Baron of Belhaven and Sten- 
toun in the co. of Haddington. 

Creations. — Baron of Belhaven and 
Stentoun, 15th December 1647, to the 
first Lord, and the heirs-male of his 
body ; which failing, to his heirs-male 
whatever : Resigned into the hands of 
King Charles the Second, and a new 
patent issued, dated at Whitehall, 10th 
February 1675, granting the title of 
Lord Belhaven and Stentoun to the first 
Lord for life, and, after his decease, to 
John Hamilton, the hushandof his grand- 
daughter, and the heirs-male of his body ; 
whom failing, to the nearest heirs-male 
whatever of the said John Hamilton. 

Arms. — Quarterly, 1st and 4th, gules, 
a mullet, argent, between three cinque- 
foils, ermine, as a third son of the Ha- 
milton family; 2d and 3d, gules, a man's 
heart, proper, shadowed, or, between 
three ciuquefoils, ermine, for Hamilton 
of Raploch. 

Crest. — A horse's head and neck, 
argent, bridled, gules. 

Supporters. — Two horses, argent, 
bridled, gules. 

Motto. — " Ride Through." 

Chief Seat. — At Wishaw House in 

BINNING, vide Earl of Haddington. 




Mag. Sig. Lib 
uxvi. No. 951 

Criw. Gen. 
Coll. MS. Ad. 

I. John Hamilton, Abbotof Paisley, 
and Archbishop of St Andrew's, was the 
first of this family. He was a natural 
•on of James, the first Earl of Arran. 
He was made Abbot of Paisley in 1525, 
Bishop of Dunkeld in 1546, and Arch- 
bishop of St Andrew's in 1549. He 
obtained a legitimation under the great 
seal, 20th June 1545; was Keeper of 
the Privy Seal from January 1542-3 
until August 1546, and Treasurer of 
Scotland from 1543 until 1554, when 
his brother resigned the regency. 

ByGrizzelSemple, Lady Stanehouse, 
widow of James Hamilton of Stane- 
house, he had issue : 

1. William Hamilton of Blair. 

2. David, who, on the 20th April 
1580, obtained a legitimation under the 
great seal. 

1. Jane, married to Robert Bruce of 
Blairhall : She had a charter under the 
great eeal in 1588, " Jeanse Hamil- 
ton, Dominse Blairhall, filiae Johannis, 
Archiepiscopi Stse. Andreae." John, 
Archbishop of St Andrew's, was taken 
a prisoner at the surprise of the castle 
of Dunbarton in 1571, and executed at 
Stirling by the Regent Lennox a few 
days afterwards, as already stated at 
page 113. 

II. William Hamilton of Blair was Crawford', 
forfeited in the Parliament held in the Memoirs 
Canongate of Edinburgh 16th May 

1571, not long after his father's execu- 

By his wife, Elizabeth Drummond, 
he had issue : 

1. John, his successor. 

2. JVilliam Hamilton of Lochmuck, co. wood's Pwr- 
of Down, Ireland, who married Mary, age ' '" 62a 
sixth daughter of John Boyle of Kelburn, 
ancestor of the Earls of Glasgow, and 

had issue : 

1. Daughter, married to George Hali- 
burton, minister of Perth. 

III. John Hamilton of Blair, who Mag. Sig. Lib. 
was served heir in 1638 to John, his* 1 '' No ' 243 ' 
grandfather, in certain subjects near 
Broughty-ferry, and in 1603 he had a 
resignation from his father of the lands 

of Blair, to himself and Elizabeth 
Ferney, his spouse, of which he had a 
charter under the great seal, dated 22d 
September of the same year. 

He sold tile lands of Blair and wentscotsiarTet'* 
abroad during the reign of King James state^T 18 
the Sixth. 

He married first, Jean Fairney, Wood's Peer- 
secondly, Barbara, daughter of James,* gc ' 
first Lord Balmerinoch, and left issue. 



blair. IV. Peter Hamilton, first, minister Cramond, afterwards at Leith, and 
Coll. Ad. Lib. g ub . Dean of tne Chapel Royal. He 

was promoted, by Charles the Second, 
to the Episcopal See of Dunkeld, and 
died after the Revolution, without having 
issue; as Crawford says, " a pleasant 
facetious gentleman, and an excellent 
companion over a bottle, as I have been 
told by some who knew him." 
Nisb. Her. The arms of Hamilton of Blair were 

i. 396. 

— Quarterly 1st and 4th gules, three 
cinquefoils, ermine, 2d and 3d argent. 
A ship with her sails furled up, sable, for 
Arran ; all within a border gabonated 
of eight pieces, argent and gules, charged 
alternately with a St Andrew's cross, 
and a buckle interchanged of the on» 
and the other. 

Crest. — an oaken plant, proper. 

Motto. — " Dum in Arborem" 




Com. Rec. 

Slier. Rec. 

I. William Hamilton of Blanter- 
• ferme is the first that has been met with. 

According to Nisbet, in his Heraldry, 
vol. i. p. 395, the family was descended 
from the Hamiltons of Boreland; he 
was succeeded by, 

II. Gavin Hamilton of Blanter- 
ferme, who, on the 15th October 1594, 
was cautioner for Mr John Hamilton, 
Provost of Bothwell, for the payment 
of certain sums of money " due Marion 
Baxter, dochter to umquhile Johne 
Baxter in Bothwell." 

He married Margaret Hamilton, by 
whom he had issue, William, who suc- 
ceeded him. His widow afterwards 
married James Hamilton in Turielaw. 

III. William Hamilton of Blanter-inq. Ret. Lan. 
ferme, who, on the 3d May 1606, was 61 ' 
retoured heir to his grandfather, Wil- 
liam, in the lands of Blanterferme, 
within the Barony of Blantyre. 

He was one of the committee of war scots Acts of 
in 1648 for the co. of Lanark. He Parl - 
married Jean, daughter of Sir Robert Bart. Rober- 
Cunuinghame of Gilbertfield, as appears ton ' p- 
from his having infeft her in the lands 
of Blanterferme on the 19th August 
1619, by whom he had issue: 

1. John, bis successor. 

1. Daughter, Elizabeth, who, in 1675, Com. Rec. 
appears as a creditor of Baillie James 
Hamilton for " ye sowme of Cc lib. 


Sher. Rcc. 

Acts of Pari. 

Nisb. Her. ii. 
Ap. 267. 

IV. John Hamilton of Blanter- 
f'erme, who, in 1665, was appointed one 
of the curators to young Patrick Ha- 
milton of Neilsland. He is frequently 
mentioned in deeds in the Sheriff-court 
records at Hamilton in the years 1667, 
1668, and 1669. In 1685 he was one 
of the commissioners of supply for the 
co. of Lanark. 

He married Margaret, daughter of 
James Hamilton of Neilsland, by whom 
he had issue : 

V. James Hamilton of Blanter- 
ferme, who married Lilias, daughter of 
James Muirhead of Bredisholme ; and 
who appears to have been the father of, 



VI. James Hamilton of Blanter- 
ferme, who is mentioned in the records : 
of the Sheriff-court at Hamilton in 

The arms of the Hamiltons of Blan- Heraldry, i. 395. 
terferme, according to Nisbet, were — 
gules, three cinquefoils ermine, within a 
border, counter-indented, argent, and of 
the first. 

Crest.— A trunk of an oak tree, 
couped, and in pale, sprouting out two 
branches, proper. 

Motto. — " Non deficit alter." 

The property of Blanterferme, which 
is situated on the Clyde opposite Both- 
well Castle, now belongs to a family of 
the name of Coats. 



boggs. 1. James Hamilton, third son of 

Acts fParl J ames Hamilton the first of Dalziel, 
was the first of this family. He was 
appointed, in 1648, one of the com- 
mittee of war for the co. of Lanark. 

He was commissioner for William, 
Duke of Hamilton. He left issue : 

Church Hist, 
ii. 307. 

II. John Hamilton of Boggs. He 
was persecuted for his religious opinions 
during the reign of Charles the Second, 
having been summoned and brought to 
much trouble for refusing to take the 

test. He offered to stand his trial, which 
was refused him. He had issue : 

1. James, his heir. 

2. William, who was in the Navy 

3. Daniel, a Major in the army. 

i. Alexander, master of a trading 
vessel to the West Indies. 

5. David, master of a trading vessel 
to the coast of Guinea. 

6. Thomas, a surgeon at Bath. 

7. John, a lieutenant in Major Ha- 
milton's battalion. 




boggs. III. James Hamilton of Boggs, 

~ captain in the army. 

IV. John Hamilton of Boggs, was, 

in 1759, surveyor of the customs at 
Boness, and he had a son, John, who 
was then attending the university of 



Com. Rec. 

Inq. Ret. Ayr. 

I. Patrick Hamilton is the first of 
this family that has been noticed. He 
married Margaret Cunninghame, who 
is mentioned as his relict in 1586. His 
grandson, Hugo Kennedy, in 1610, was 
retoured heir to him in the lands of 
Lamhrochtoun, and some other lands 
near Kilmains in Ayrshire. 

II. James Hamilton of Bogsyde, Com. R«e. 
who, on the 16th February 1587, ap- 
pears as cautioner for John Tailzeour in 

The next of this family that has been Ibid, 
noticed was James Hamilton of Bog- 
syde, who died in January 1681. His 
youngest son, William, was executor to 
his later will and testament. 




Baillie's MS. 

I. Allan Hamilton, the sixth son 
: of Robert Hamilton, the fourth of the 
house of Torrance, was the first of this 
family. He died about 1564, as ap- 
pears from the following extract from 
his last will and testament. 

" Ye Testament of umquhill Allane 

Hamilton maid be himself at Bogtonne Commissary 
ye xv day of October ye zeir of God ^° rdS ' G1 ° S " 
1563 zeirs. Befoir thir witnesses, Ro- 
bert Hamilton in Eist Torrance, David 
Reid, Janet Craig, Robert Hamilton 
sone to ye said umq" Allane. 

Item — Ye first. I commend my saul 


into ye hands of Almightie God quss hes 
creattit me, and redeemit nie w' his most 
precious bluid. It. — Ordains my corpis 
to be buriit in ye kirk of Kilbryde 
amang ye Sepultures of my predices- 
soris; and I ordain Margaret Torrance 
my spouse and Margaret Hamilton my 
dochter executors, and I ordain James 
Hamilton of Peill and Robert Hamilton 
in Eist Torrance to be seeing that my 
bairnes get na skaith," &c. 

" Inventar of guidis and geir. 

" It. Ye said Allan confessis him 
haifand in the tyme of his dcceis ane 
horss. It. Ane meir. It. Ane foill. 
It. Tua tyde ky. It. Sax forrow ky, 
and thrie stirkis with yame. It. Four 
thrie zeir auld stottis. It. V tua zeir 

auld groyis. It. Tua thrie zeir auld bogtobn. 
groyis. It. Thrie hoggis. It. XVII ™ 
bollis of aittis sawin. It. Ye sawme of 
vi firlottis of beir," &c. 

He was succeeded by his son, 

II. Robert Hamilton of Bogtoun, 
who married Catherine Crawford, and 
had issue : 

III. David Hamilton of Bogtoun. i„q. Ret. Lan. 
He was re toured lieu- 19th January' 
1605 to his mother in the lands of Over- 
schiells in Kilbryde. 

The last of this family that has been Com. Rec. 
noticed is in the year 1678, when James 
Hamilton of Bogtoun is cautioner for 
Catherine Hamilton, relict of James 
Brown, cordiner-burgess in Glasgow. 



3£arctautr 4 



Nisb. Her. 
i. 174. ii. Ap. 

Memoirs, part i. 
p. 45. 

Inq. Ret. Ayr. 

This was a respectable family of Ha- 
miltons in Ayrshire which has given out 
several cadets, such as Bardanock, 
Blanterferme, &c. 

The first was George Hamilton, 
second son of Sir David Hamilton of 
Cadyow, and Domina Johanetta de 

The next we meet with is 

William Hamilton of Boreland, who 

was retoured, 26th January 1611, heir 
to Patrick Hamilton, his father, in the 
lands of Boreland and Towlach, the 
lands of GarlafFen, and the lands of 
Sandockhill in the barony of Cumnock. 

On the September 1612 he was Ibid, 

also retoured heir to his father, in the ' s on ' 
lands of Glentriploch and Barquhroc- 
hane in the barony and parish of 

2 tO 




I. The first of tlus family was David 
— Hamilton, the fifth son of John Ha- 
milton, the second of the house of Or- 
bistoun. He was tacksman of the 
Chalm. Caled. Priory of Blantyre, and had an annual- 
rent of 25 merks from the Priory of 
Whithorn. By his wife, Christian Schawe, he 
had issue : 

1. James, of Bothwellhaugh. 

2. David, of Monktoun Mains. 

3. John, Prior of Blantyre ; he ob- 
tained the presentation on the 6th Oct. 
1549 from the Regent, Duke of Chatel- 

Caied. iii. 644. herault. On the 3d September 1552, 
as Commendator of Blantyre, he ex- 
changed with Mr William Chirnside, 
Provost of Bothwell, for the provostry 
thereof. He was Provost of Bothwell 
at the epoch of the Reformation. 

4. Archibald, who returned with the 
banished lords in 1585. 

5. Arthur, mentioned in a list of the 
Hamiltons, circa 1570. 

1. Daughter, Janet, married to James N > 5b - Her. >■• 
Muirhead of Lauchope. 

II. James Hamilton of Bothwell- Craw. Memoirs, 
haugh, who was taken prisoner at the 
battle of Langsyde, condemned to death, 
and afterwards reprieved by the Regent 
Murray ; for more particulars concern- 
ing whom, vide first part of these Me- 
moirs, p. 109.* 

He married Isabella Sinclair, daugh- 
ter and co-heiress of John Sinclair of 
Woodhouselee in Midlothian, by whom 
he had issue : 

1. Daughter, Alison, married to Gavin 
Hamilton, minister of Hamilton, and 
afterwards bishop of Galloway. She '^ Ret- Lan- 
was retoured heir, 27th March 1602, to 
David, her grandfather, in the house of 
Bothwell-park, within the barony of 
Bothwell ; also retoured heir, 20th Fe- 
bruary 1630, of Isabella Sinclair her 


Gen. 1573. 

2. Daughter, Christian, married to^ ob - G . m \, ,, 

Cunn. n. 10*. 

* A correspondent in the Ayr and Wigtonshire Courier, of date November 1819, has endea- 
voured to prove that the real name of the Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh who shot the Regent Murray, 
was not James but David ; and has quoted a variety of authorities, and wasted a great deal of in- 
genious reasoning in support of his theory. He wa3 ignorant that the two brothers, James and 
David, were married to two sisters, Isabella and Alison, daughters and co-heiresses of John Sin- 
clair of Woodhouselee, who himself was " sone naturall to umquhile Patrick Sinclair of Wood- 


Com. Rec. 

David Fullarton of that Ilk, and had 


Die. of Dec. ,'t. James Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh 

died before 1594, and was succeeded by 

his daughter, Alison, who sold the lands 

to her uncle. 

wishaw ms. II. David Hamilton of Monktoun- 
mains, who was at the battle of Lang- 
syde, and afterwards forfeited. He was 
also at the Raid of Stirling in 1571, and 
was obliged to fly into England, but re- 
turned with the banished lords in 1585.^ 
He was cautioner in a bond of provision, 
6th January 1594, for his niece Alison, 
spouse of Mr Ga win Hamilton, minister 
of Hamilton, at which period his mother 
Christian Schawe, and his sister-in-law, 
Isabella Sinclair, were both alive. 

He married- the sister of his brother's 
wife, Alison Sinclair, by whom he had 
issue : 

1. David, his heir. 

2. Claud Hamilton of Barnhill. 

Vol. ii. p. 130. David Hamilton of Monktounmains 
and Bothwellhaugh died in 1619, as 
appears from a note in Robertson's 
Genealogies of Cunninghame. 

" Near the south entrance, and within 
the park of Fullarton (formerly Corsbie), 
stand the ruined walls of the little an- 
cient parish church of Corsbie, the 
church- yard of which is enclosed by a 
stone wall and iron gate ; and, together 
with the area of the church, is still used 
as a place of sepulture ; and here also, 
close by the east gable of the church, 
lies a large flat monumental stone, bear- 

ing the following inscription, still per- bothwell- 
fectly legible :" ===== 


III. David Hamilton of Botbwell- Com. Rec. 
haugh. He gave a bond, dated 2d 
August 1632, for " ane bunder and 
twentie pundis Scottis" to Robert Ha- 
milton of Barncluith. He died before 

1637, as it appears then that " the 
guidis and gear of umquhile David 
Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh'' were Ibid - 
escheated and given to Thomas Hamil- 
ton, a youDger son of the family of In- 
nerwick. He was succeeded by his son, 

IV. James Hamilton of Bothwell- 
haugh, who, on the 19th November 
1628, was served heir to his grandfather, 
David of Bothwellhaugh. 

On the 20th February 1630, he was Itiq. Ret. Gen. 
retnured heir in general to his grand- n>id. Kirkcud. 
mother, Alison Sinclair; and on the 
12th December 1643, again retoured 
her heir, in the lauds of King's Grange 
or Spotts in the lordship of Galloway. 

He had an only daughter, Anne Ha- Com. Rec. 
milton, " servit and retourit" heir to 
him, who married Lewis Cant, son of 
John Cant of Morton; she and her 
husband, on the 20th September 1654, Ibid, 
were summoned by Archibald Hamil- 
ton, merchant burgess of Glasgow,' to 
enter heirs to her umquhile father James 
Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh. 






I. Robert Hamilton of Bourtree- 
= hill, designed also of Glengalt or Roselle, 
Cunn. p. 405. purchased, prior to 1748, the lands of 
Bourtreehill from John Montgomery, 
merchant in Glasgow. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Archibald 
Hamilton of Rosehall, by whom he had 
issue : 

1. Jean, his heiress. 

2. Margaret, married at Roselle 24th 
December 1764, to Sir John Cathcart 
of Carleton. Sir John died without 
issue in 1784. 


4. Eleanor, married to her cousin 

Wood's Peer- 
age, i. 336. 

Ibid. i. 510. 
Rob. Gen. of 

Hugh, twelfth Earl of Eglintoun, and 
had issue: 1. Lord Montgomery, who, 
after having served his country as a 
soldier until he attained the rank of 
Major-General, died on his way home 
from Alicant in Spain on the 4th Janu- 
ary 1814, and was interred at Gibraltar. 
His only surviving son, Archibald 
William, by Lady Mary Montgomery, 
eldest daughter of Archibald the eleventh 
Earl of Eglintoun, and born on the 29th 
September 1812, at Palermo in Sicily, 
became, on the death of his grandfather 
in 1819, the thirteenth Earl of Eglin- 
Wood, i. 510. toun. 2. Hon. Boger, a Lieutenant in 
the Navy, who died when on the public 

service, in January 1799, at Port Royal 
in Jamaica. 1. Daughter, Lady Jean. 
2. Lady Lilias, married first to Robert 
Dundas Macqueen of Braxfield, who 
died on the 5th August 1816. Secondly, 
on the 21st August 1817, to Richard 
Alexander Oswald, younger of Auchen- 

Robert Hamilton of Bourtreehill died 
on the 4th June 1773. 

II. Jean Hamilton of Bourtreehill, Rob. Cunn. 
married George, third Viscount Gar-f 6 ^^ dWood ' 
nock, nineteenth Earl of Crawford, and 
fifth Earl of Lindsay, to whom she had 
issue : 

1. George, twentieth Earl of Craw- 
ford, who died unmarried in 1808. 

2. Hon. Robert Lindsay Hamilton of 
Bourtreehill, who had a company in the 
92d and afterwards in the 21st foot in 
1780, and died unmarried at Buxton in 

1801. He chiefly resided at, and greatly Stat. Ace. 
improved his property of Bourtreehill. 

3. Hon. Bute Lindsay, who had also 
a company in the 92d foot, and also died 

1. Lady Jean, married in 1772 to 
Archibald Earl of Eglintoun, but died 
in 1778, in her 21st year, without issue: 

2. Lady Mary Lindsay Crawford, 


who succeeded her brother, Earl George, 
in 1808, in the estates in Fife, Dun- 
barton and Ayrshire. 

Jean, Countess of Crawford, died at boortrke- 


Roselle, her favourite seat, on the 6th; 
October 1809. 

VigtQtmt Umjxtc, 


Peerage, v. 
172, 181. 

This noble branch of the house of 
: Hamilton is derived from Sir Frederick 
the fourth and youngest son of Claud, 
the first Lord Paisley. 

I. Sir Frederick Hamilton, early 
embracing a military life, signalized 
himself under the banner of Gustavus 
Adolphus, King of Sweden ; after which 
returning home, in the latter end of the 
reign of James First, he came into Ire- 
land accompanied with his Majesty's 
letter to the Lord Deputy, dated at 
Westminster, 8th April 1620, for his 
better grace and countenance, to have 
the command of the first company of 
foot or troop of horse that should be- 
come void ; and, accordingly, upon the 
decease of Sir Francis Ruish, succeeded 
to his company of foot ; which the King 
afterwards causing him to relinquish, 
that the Lord Esmond might have it 
for the defence of the fort of Duncannon, 
in order to abate the charge of maintain- 
ing a peculiar ward therein ; his Ma- 
jesty, in consideration thereof, ordered, 
by privy seal, dated at Westminster, 
10th September 1623, that (notwith- 
standing any directions to the contrary) 

he should have the very next vacant 

He was a gentleman in ordinary of 
the privy chamber to that King and 
Charles First, and possessed a great 
share of their Majesties' esteem; the 
former of whom, in order to provide 
for and settle him in this kingdom, 
made him considerable grants of land, 
and, 6th August 1623, sent him over 
with the following letter to the Lord 
Deputy, written from Salisbury : — 

" We have already expressed our 
good respect to this bearer, Sir Frederick 
Hamilton, Kt., one of the gentlemen of 
our privy chambers, by the grant of 
some lands, which we have bestowed 
on him in that kingdom, and lately by 
assisting him with our favour for ob- 
taining the interest of Sir John Ayres, 
in the island of Valentia in that realm ; 
and now, at his going thither, we think 
meet to accompany him witli these our 
letters, which are to recommend him to 
your especial favour in his affairs there ; 
requiring you in all his causes, as well 
concerning that island of Valentia as 
any other rights and possessions he hath 
1 there, to take care that upon all oc- 



viscount casions he may have justice and all 

BOYNE. . . 

, possible expedition ; and whatsoever 
good shall result unto him thereby, by 
your furtherance, will be very accept- 
able to us, as being done unto one whom 
we value and wish well unto." 

In 1628, by petition to King Charles 
First, he desired his Majesty to grant 
him the nomination and making of two 
Irish Baronets; which request (though 
his Majesty was resolved not to draw it 
into a precedent for others,) in regard the 
King was desirous to gratify so deserv- 
ing a servant, and was confident he 
would nominate none but such as were 
of meet and fitting quality and condition 
for that dignity, was pleased to grant ; 
and, accordingly, 20th May 1629, he 
nominated John Magrath of Allevollan, 
in the co. of Tipperary, and John Wilson 
of Killenure in the co. of Donegall, 
Esquires, who were created to the dig- 
nity by letters patent. 

Sir Frederick, with Ms sons, James 
and Frederick, were very considerable 
officers in the service of the Kings 
Charles I. and II. during the rebellion 
of 1641, and, for their respective services 
before 1649, had allotted large deben- 
tures, viz. to Sir Frederick for 1343/. 
9s. \d., to James and Frederick, 2337/. 
9s. Id. each; but having no lands set 
out to them in satisfaction for the same 
during their lives, an allotment was 
made to their administrator, William 
Hamilton of Caledon and his heirs, in 
trust for the two daughters of the said 
James, son of Sir Frederick, in April 
1666, of lands on the estate of Sir 
Phelim O'Neile, in the co. of Tyrone, 

and other forfeitures in the baronies of 
Ardagh and Granard, in the* co. of 
Longford, at the rate of 12s. 6d. the 
pound, at ten years' purchase, besides 

He married Sidney, daughter and 
heir to Sir John Vaughan, a captain in 
the Irish army, privy councillor, and 
governor of the city and co. of London- 
derry, and had issue three sons and one 
daughter : 

1. James, his heir. 

2. Frederick, who lost his life in the 
wars of Ireland, and died unmarried. 

3. Gustavus, created Viscount Boyne ; 

1. Daughter, Christiana, married to 
Sir George Monroe of Thermore, Major- 
General, by whom she had several 
children, the heads of many flourishing 
families in Scotland. 

James Hamilton of Manor-Hamilton, 
Esquire, the eldest son, married his first 
cousin, Catherine, daughter of Claud 
the first Lord Strabane, and by her, who 
remarried first with Owen Wynne, and 
after with John Bingham, Esquires, 
having only two daughters, they carried 
the aforesaid estate iuto the families of 
then- husbands, of which they came to 
a partition in 1668, and were Hannah, 
married to Sir William Gore of Manor- 
Gore, Bart., who died in the year 1700, 
ancestor to the Earl of Ross ; and Sidney, 
to Sir John Hume of Castle Hume, 
Bart., in the co. of Fermanagh, who 
died in 1695, and was father, by her, 
who died in 1688, of the late Sir Gus- 
tavus Hume, then a minor. 


II. Gustavus, the youngest son of 



Sir Frederick Hamilton, in the reign of 
Charles II., was a Captain in the army ; 
and, attending the Duke of Ormond, 
chancellor of Oxford, to that university, 
had the degree of Doctor of Laws con- 
ferred on him, 6th August 1677. On 
the accession of King James II. he was 
sworn of his privy council ; but being a 
steady assertor of the laws of his 
country, he quitted that King's service 
on his open violation of them, and was 
attainted by his parliament. And when 
the Irish army, under Major-General 
Richard Hamilton, and Major Dominick 
Sheldon, had taken the fort of Hills- 
borough and plundered Lisburn, Bel- 
fast and Antrim, and laid siege to Cole- 
raine, they met with such a warm re- 
ception from Major Gustavus Hamilton, 
who commanded in the town, and spared 
no charge or pains to make it tenable, 
that they were forced to draw off with 
considerable loss, and their designs 
against Londonderry were for some 
weeks retarded. On King William's 
landing in England he raised four regi- 
ments of foot and two of dragoons, in 
two counties of Ireland where he was 
then chosen governor. He marched to 
Coleraine, repaired the ruined works of 
that place, and defended it five weeks 
against the whole Irish army, who twice 
attempted to storm the town ; by which 
means be covered the city of Deny 
until all the arms, ammunition, and pro- 
visions were thrown into it, which 
enabled them to make so extraordinary 
a defence ; he headed a regiment at the 
battle of the Boyne, where, having his 

horse killed under him, he narrowly viscount 


escaped death. After this victory, he ,.. — — 

waded the Shannon at the head of the 
grenadiers, and storming the town of 
Athlone, he wa% appointed, upon its 
surrender, governor thereof, and was in 
all the battles fought afterwards by 
General Ginkle for the reduction of 
the kingdom ; upon the accomplishment 
whereof he was sworn of the privy 
council to King William, made a Briga- 
dier-General of his armies 30th March 
1696, and had his sendees rewarded with 
a grant of forfeited lands. 

Queen Anne advanced him to the 
rank of Major-General, 1st January 
1703, in whose first parliament he re- 
presented the co. of Donegall, and so 
continued till created a Peer, of which 
he was also C. Rotulorum and Vice- 
Admiral of the province of Ulster. He 
commanded a regiment at the siege of 
Vigo, and behaved so well that the 
Queen presented him with a consider- 
able quantity of plate. In May 1710, 
being of distinguished zeal for the pro- 
testant interest, he was sworn of her 
Majesty's privy council, as he was, 9th 
October 1711, to King George the First, 
who, in consideration of his faithful 
services and loyalty, advanced him to 
the dignity of Baron Hamilton of Stack- 
allan, by privy seal, dated at St. James's 
27th September, and by patent, at 
Dublin, 20th October 1715; and, 12th 
November, taking his seat in the House 
of Peers, he was two days after appointed 
one of the Lords to prepare a congratu- 
latory address to his Majesty on his 
most happy accession to the throne. 





The King also granted him a military 
; pension of 182/. 10s. a year, and was 
pleased to promote him to the dignity 
of Viscount Boyne, by privy seal, dated 
at Hampton-Court, 1st August, and by 
patent 20th of that month, 1717, with 
the creation fee of 20 marks ; by which 
title, on the 27th, he took his seat. 

He married Elizabeth, second daugh- 
ter of Sir Henry Brooke of Brookes- 
borough in the co. of Fennanagb, Kt., 
(who preserved the town and castle of 
Donegall during the wars of 1641, and 
died in August 1671, )by his second wife, 
Anne, daughter of Sir George St 
George, Kt. and Bart. By his will 
he bequeathed a flagon, chalice, and 
patin, all silver, to the church of Stack- 
allan; 10/. to the poor of that parish, 
and 10/. to the poor of the parish of 
Nevagh in the co. of Donegall, and de- 
parted this life 16th September 1723, 
in the 84th year of his age ; had issue by 
her, who died at Stackallan 28th De- 
cember 1721: 

1. Daughter, Elizabeth, married to 
Charles Lambart of Painstown in the 
co. of Meath, Esq., grandson to the first 
Earl of Cavan ; 

And three sons : 

1. Frederick, his heir-apparent. 

2. Gustavtts, father of the third Vis- 
count Boyne. And 

3. Henry Hamilton, Esq., who was 
born in February 1692, and 3d October 
1727 made joint customer and collector 
of the port of Dublin; whence, 30th 
March 1738, he was removed to the col- 
1 ection of the port of Cork, and was Mem- 
ber of Parliament for the co. of Donegall. 

In October 1722 he married Mary, eldest 
daughter of Joshua Dawson of Castle 
Dawson in the co. of Derry, Esq. ; and 
dying at Cork, 3d June 1743, left by 
her, who died in March 1770, five sons 
and two daughters, viz. 

1. Rev. Gustavus Hamilton, baptized 
5th October 1723, who married first 
Letitia, eldest daughter of Edward 
Bolton of Brazeel, Esq. ; and secondly, 
Alicia, daughter of Col. Pater son. 

2. Joshua, appointed, 3d March 1757, 
surveyor of the port of Waterford, mar- 
ried, in March 1750, to Mary, eldest 
daughter of Sir Richard Cox, Bart, and 
she died in April 1764. 

3. Sackville, baptized 5th April 1732, 
principal secretary in the civil depart- 
ment of Government, and married to 
Isabella, daughter of the Rev. Doctor 

4. Henry. 

5. Edward. 

1. Anne, and 

2. Mary, married, 27th October 1763, 
to the Rev. Nathaniel Preston of S wains- 
toun in co. of Meath. 

III. Hon. Fredebick Hamilton, the Arehdall'sPee 
eldest son, on 1st September 1707, 
married Sophia, eldest sister to James, 
Lord Viscount Limerick, and died 1 0th 
December 1715, (before his father,) hav- 
ing issue by her, who died in London, 
6th May 1748, two sons and two daugh- 

1. Gustavus, successor to his grand- 

2. James, made Lieut, of a ship of 
war, 3d September 1741, died, in No- 


vember 1744, on board the fleet in the 

1. Anne, baptized 6th May 1712, and 

2. Elizabeth, born in 1715, both died 

Archdall'sPcer. IV. Gustavus, the second Viscount 
Boyne, born in 1710, was taken by his 
mother to London, upon his father's de- 
cease : she placed him at Westminster 
school, and provided fit tutors for his 
instruction until his grandfather's death, 
whom he not only succeeded in his real 
estate, but, by his will, was left a very 
large fortune, provided he chose Sir 
Ralph Gore, and his uncle, Henry Ha- 
milton, his guardians; which he accord- 
ingly did. After visiting the courts of 
foreign princes, he returned from his 
travels in October 1731, and took his 
seat in the House of Peers, 24th De- 
cember following, being chosen, 17th 
February 1735, to the English Parlia- 
ment, for Newport in the Isle of Wight. 
In August 1736, he was sworn of the 
Privy Council ; and, in June 1737, ap- 
pointed a commissioner of the revenue. 
His Lordship made his will, 5th April 
1746, and died, unmarried, 18th of that 
month, leaving his cousin, Richard Ha- 
milton of Stackallan, his heir-in-tail 
male : he was buried in Stackallan, 
with his grandfather, being succeeded by 
his first cousin, Frederick, eldest son of 
his uncle. 


III. Gustavus Hamilton of Red- 
wood in the King's County, Esq. who 
was Knight iu Parliament for the co. of 
Donegall, iu January 1717; married 

Dorothea, only daughter of Richard, viscount 


Lord Bellew, (which title is now <w- 

tinct,) and dying at Redhills in West- 
meath, 26th February 1734—5, had issue 
by her, (who remarried with David 
Dickson, Esq.) two sons and five daugh- 
ters, viz. 

1. Frederick, third Viscount. 

2. Richard, fourth Viscount. 

1. Hon. Frances, baptized 16th Oct. 
1719, died young. 

2. Hon. Elizabeth, died unmarried, 
16th May 1742. 

3. Hon. Catherine, married, 26th De- 
cember 1744, to Edward Lovibond of 
Kingston in Surrey, and of Hampton 
in the co. of Middlesex, Esq. 

4. Hon. Sophia, who died in August 

5. Hon. Dorothea, born 30th Ap. 1722. 

IV. Frederick, the third Viscount 
Boyne, was baptized, 9th Nov. 1718, Archdall's Teer. 
and, 24th October 1747, took his seat 
iu the House of Peers. He married 
Elizabeth, daughter of Benjamin Had- 
ley of Tullamore in King's co. Esq. ; 
but dying at his house in Drumcondra, 
2d January 1772, he was interred in St 
Paul's Church, Dublin; being succeeded 
by his brother, 

IV. Richard, fourth Viscount Boyne, 
who was born 24th March 1724, and 
sat first in the House of Peers as Lord 
Boyne, 18th May 1774. 

He married Georgina, second daugh- 
ter of William Bury, Esq. of Shannon- 
grove in co. Limerick, (by the Hon. 
Jane Moore, daughter of Charles, Lord 




viscount Tullamore, and sister and heiress of her 


brother, Charles Moore, Earl of Char- 
leville and Baron Tullamore, whose 
titles became extinct, (17th February 
1764,) by whom be had issue : 

1. Gustavus, fifth Viscount. 

2. Hon. Charles Hamilton, born 6th 
October 1750, a captain in the 12th 
Regt. of Dragoons; married, 3d Sep- 
tember 1785, a daughter of Christopher 
Kirwan Lyster, Esq., and died without 
issue male, in 1794. 

3. Hon. John Hamilton, born 1st 
August 1752, died young. 

4. Hon. Richard Hamilton, born 27th 
January 1758, died young. 

5. Hon. William Hamilton, born 17th 
October 1763, died 18th October 1779. 

6. Hon. Richard Hamilton, born 18th 
October 1764, died in Nov. following. 

7. Hon. Richard Hamilton, born 21st 
July 1774. 

1. Hon. Jane Hamilton, born 7th 
September 1751, died young. 

2. Hon. Dorothea Hamilton, born 22d 
September 1753. 

3. Hon. Catherine Hamilton, born 
28th August 1754, married, 3d Febru- 
ary 1773, to Hugh Montgomery Lyons, 
Esq. and had issue. 

4. Hon. Elizabeth Hamilton, 21st 
September 1755, died young. 

5. Hon. Georgiana Hamilton, born 
16th October 1756, died young. 

6. Hon. Mary-Anne Hamilton, born 
1st May 1760, died young. 

7. Hon. Mary Hamilton, born 24th 
January 1762. 

8. Hon. Barbara Hamilton, born 9th 
December 1766. 

9. Hon. Sophia Hamilton, born 3d 
December 1769. 

10. Hon. Anne Hamilton, born 3d 
March 1771. 

The Viscount died 30th July 1789, 
and was succeeded by his son, 

V. Gustavus, fifth Viscount Boyne, 
born 20th December 1749 ; married, 
1st April 1773, Martha, only daughter 
of Sir Quaile Somerville of Somerville, 
co. Meath, Bart., and had issue : 

1. Gustavus, present Viscount. 

2. Hon. Richard Somerville, R. N., 
bora 1st June 1 778. 

1. Hon. Sarah Hamilton, born 23d 
February 1775, married, 13th April 
1809, the Rev. George Monck, son of 
John Monck, Esq. 

2. Hon. Georgiana, born 14th Feb- 
ruary 1776. 

The Viscount died 29th February 
1816, and was succeeded by his son, 

VI. Gustavus, sixth Viscount Boyne, 
and Baron Hamilton of Stackallan, 
born 12th April 1777; married, 4th 
August 1796, Harriet, only daughter of 
Benjamin Baugh of Burwarton House, 
co. of Salop, Esq. by whom he has issue: 

1. Hon. Gustavus— Frederick-John- 
James, bora 11th May 1797. 

2. Hon. Claude-Edward, born 2d 
April 1799, died an infant. • 

Titles. — Gustavus Hamilton, Vis- 
count Boyne, and Baron Hamilton of 

Creations. — Baron Hamilton of 
Stackallan in the co. Meath, 20th Oct. 


1715, and Viscount of the River Boyne, 
20th August 1717. 

Arms. — Gules, three cinquefoils 
pierced, ermine. 

Crest. — In a ducal coronet, Or, an 
oak fructed and penetrated transversely 
through the main stem by a frame saw, 
proper, the frame, Or. 

Supporters. — Two mermaids, pro- 
per, with golden hah- dishevelled, each 
holding a mirror, topaz. 

Motto — " Nee Timeo Nee Sperm."" 
Seat. — At Stackallan House, co. 
Meath, 21 miles from Dublin. 




Ibid. Lib. xii. 
No. 301. 

I. John Hamilton, natural son of 

* ^^~ James, Lord Hamilton, by Janet Cal- 

derwood, a daughter of Calderwood.of 
that Ilk, was the first of this family. 

He was included in the entail of the 

Hamilton estates by the first Earl of 

Mag. Sig. Lib. Arran, on the 16th January 1512-13, 

j3g' ' ' ' and had a legitimation under the great 

seal four days afterwards. 

He had a charter to " John Hamil- 
ton, eldest natural son of James, Lord 
Hamilton, born of Janet Calderwood, 
and the heirs-male to be procreated of 
his body; which failing, to Patrick, na- 
tural son of the said Lord Hamilton, and 
the heirs-male to be procreated of his 
body ; which failing, to David, their na- 
tural brother, and the heirs-male to be 
procreated of his body ; which failing, 
to the nearest heirs-male of James, Lord 
Hamilton, of part of Machane Muir, 
Berntfield, Grenefield, and Brumehill. 

Brumehill to be the principal messuage ; 
and Silvertonhill in the barony of Ha- 
milton, with the custody of the castle 
of Cadyow, containing this clause, that 
if the heirs-male of the body of Eliza- 
beth, Countess of Crawford, daughter 
of the said James, Lord Hamilton, do 
not take the name and capital arms of 
Hamilton, then the said John, Patrick, 
and David, and their heirs aforesaid, 
shall possess the said castle, with the 
lordship of Hamilton, according to the 
charter of entail, formerly granted ;" 
dated 4th February 1473-4, and con- 
firmed under the Great Seal, 10th May 

He married, first, Elizabeth, daugh- Wood's Peer- 
ter and heiress of Patrick Hamilton of a £ e > '• 201 - 
Udstoun, relict of John Hamilton of 
Neilsland, by whom he had issue : 

1. David, his heir. 

2. John. 



broomhill. 3. Mr Gawin. 
4. Mr Quintin. 

1. Margaret, married to Gawin Ha- 
milton of Raploch, Commendator of 
Kilwinning, and had issue. She had a 
Mag. Sig. Lib. charter " to Margaret, daughter of the 
late John Hamilton of Brumehill, and 
to Gawin Hamilton of Raploch, her 
son, of tenements lying near the cross 
of Irvinewood, now called the Inner- 
wood, and the lands of Quhitehirst," 
dated 18th January 1576. 
Gen. Ms. Hist. g. Isabella, married, first, to Cuth- 


hert Hamilton of Candor ; secondly, to 
Robert Hamilton of Dalserf, both with 

John of Brumehill, married, secondly, 
Margaret, daughter of Dalziel of that 
Ilk, by whom he had a son, 

1. Robert Hnmilton of Allanshaw, the 
founder of a family of that name, which 
subsisted for some time at Allanshaw 
in the parish of Hamilton. 

Mag. sig. Lit. H. David Hamilton of Broomhill, 

xxvii. No. 67, . ., . . 

93,124. who was included in the entail ot the 

Hamilton estates, made by the Duke of 
Chatelherault, of date 15th September 

He married Margaret, daughter of 
Robert, Lord Semple, and had issue : 

1. John, his heir, and three daughters, 
one of whom, Catherine, married James 
Hamilton of Torrance. 

III. John Hamilton of Broomhill, 
ibid. Lib. ixxii.who had a charter of the ecclesiastical 
lands of Stanehouse, 29th March 1560, 
confirmed under the great seal, 1st May 

No. 352. 

He married, first, Margaret, daugh- 
ter of James Hamilton of Kilbrach- 
mont ; secondly, Janet, daughter of Sir Gen. Hist. ms. 
Robert Hamilton of Preston and Fin- 
galtoun, and left issue : 

1. Sir James, his heir. 

2. Claud, who was exiled, and re-wishaw Ms. 
turned with Lord John Hamilton, and 

the other Lords, in 1585. 

3. David, who is mentioned in the 
sheriff court records of Hamilton, as son 
to umquhile John Hamilton of Broom- 

1. Susan, married to William Murray Baronage, 108. 
of Stanhope. 

2. Elizabeth, married to John Bris-R°t>. R™f. io3. 
bane of Bishopton. 

3. Isabella, married to John Hamil-Com.iUcGlas. 
ton of Neilsland. 

IV. Sir James Hamilton of Broom- 
hill, Knt., who married Margaret, eld- 
est daughter of William Hamilton, and 
had issue : 

1. Sir John Hamilton, first Lord Bel- 

2. James, Bishop of Galloway, who 
carried on the line of this family. 

3. Claud, who, in the sheriff court 
records of Hamilton, anno 1665, is de- 
signed " Captain Claud Hamilton, son 
of the late Sir James Hamilton of Broom- 

1. Margaret, married to Sir Walter R b. Rent. 474. 
Steuart of Allanton. 

2. Jean, married to John Porterfield Ibid. 264. 
of that Ilk. 

3. , married to Sir William Baronage, 468. 

Semple of Cathcart. 


Crawf. Gen. 4. Anne, married to James Hamilton 

CoM - of Woodhall. 

Com.Rec. Glas. Sir James died in 1658. His testa- 
ment is registered 4th March 1663. 

V. James Hamilton of Broomhil), 
Bishop of Galloway, appears to have 
acquired the lands of Broomhill from 
his brother the first Lord Belhaven. He 
was minister of Camhusnethan in 1642, 

Wodrow, i. 101. and, in 1661, was promoted to the See 
of Galloway. 

He married Margaret Thomson, by 
whom he bad issue : 
Sh. Rec. Ham. 1. James, his successor. 

2. John, who succeeded his brother. 
1. Jean, married to Mr John Birnie 
of that Ilk. 

VI. James Hamilton of Broomhill, 
who, dying without issue, was succeeded 
by his brother, 

VI. John Hamilton of Broombill, broomhill. 

who was served heir to his father, James, j n q. R et . Lan. 

Bishop of Galloway, and to bis brother 

James, in the lands of Broomhill, Fleurs, 

&c. lying within the barony of Ma- 

chanshyre, of date, 7th April 1681. He 

appears also to have died without issue, 

and was succeeded by his sister, 

VI. Jean Hamilton, who married 
Mr John Birnie, and had issue : 

1. John Birnie of Broomhill. 

2. Mr Alexander Birnie, an advocate. 
1. Daughter, Isabella Birnie, married 

to George Muirhead of Whitcastle. 

The representative of the Birnies of 
Broomhill is now, I believe, Mr Birnie, 
wine merchant in Leith. 

The crest of the Hamiltons of Broom- 
hill, was a horse's head. 

Motto. — " Ride Through." 


buowncastle I. Andrew Hamilton is the first of 
~j — IT 1 this family that has been noticed. He 

Reg. Mag. Sig. * 

Lib. xxix. obtained, in the minority of Queen Mary, 

a charter, under the great seal, of the 

lands of Browncastle. 

,,„ II. John Hamilton of Browncastle, 

Mb. penes me. **T 

who is enumerated in the list of the Ha- 

miltons, compiled about the year 1570. 
He was succeeded by his son, 

III. David Hamilton of Brown- 
castle, who had a charter, under the Lib xxsii 
great seal, to David Hamilton, son and No - 433 - 
heir of John Hamilton of Browncastle, 
of the lands of Browncastle, dated 12th 



brown- February 1562. He was succeeded by 


— — ■== his son, 

Inq. Ret. Lan 

IV. Robert Hamilton of Brown- 
castle, who, on the 25th May 1625, was 
retoured heir of David, his father, in 
the four merk land of Browncastle, in 
the barony of Kilbryde. He is men- 
tioned in a deed in the sheriff records at 
Hamilton, 1633. He was succeeded by, 

Com. Rec. Glas. V. David Hamilton of Browncastle, 
who, on the 19th July 1639, "borrows 
fra Isobel Macmath in Brownsydehill, 
ye sowme of ane hunder merks." He 
died in January 1665, as appears from 
his testament, registered by his son-in- 
law and executor, John Browning in 
Browncastle, 18th December 1669. He 
was succeeded by, 

Reg. Mag. Sig. VI. JaMES HAMILTON of Brown- 
Lib. lxxiii. No. cagtle> wh() ha(1 a charter of the lands f 

Nethertoun of Browncastle, dated 24th 


January 1672. The next we meet with 

VII. George Hamilton of Brown- ibid. 

. iiTi n tit Wodrnw's Hist. 

castle, who had a charter ol the INether- ;;, 4^ 42s. 
toun of Browncastle, dated 23d Feb. 
1683. In 1684, he was imprisoned for 
non-conformity and refusing to take the 
test, and fined in the sum of 2000£ Scots; 
he was liberated, on the 12th June the 
following year, on giving a bond for 2000 
merks, that he would appear when called 
upon. He left three heirs-portioners : 

1. Elizabeth, married to John Alston R e g. Mag. Sig. 
of Overhall in Evandale, and had issue. n'o.'<h" V ' 
She had a charter of resignation of the 

lands of Nethertoun of Browncastle, 
dated 12th February 1712. 

2. , married to Dr Cochrane. 

3. , married to Lawson of Ry- 


The property of Browncastle fell af- 
terwards into the possession of the Dal- 
ziel family. 



Com. Rec. 

Sher. Rec. 

The first of this family that has been 
noticed, is William Hamilton of Brown- 
muir, who, on the 8th June 1624, ap- 
pears as cautioner for William Neill of 
Newhill, as executor to the testament 
of umquhile Isobel Hamilton, his spouse. 
In 1632, he was on an inquest, or ser- 
vice of retour, at Hamilton. 

In 1643, Daniel Hamilton of Browu- 
muir is noticed in the Commissary Re- 
cords of Glasgow. 

In 1664, William Hamilton of 
Brownmuir is noticed in the same re- Lib. lxvii. No. 
cords. There was a charter granted, 1 
under the great seal, of date 13th Feb- 
ruary 1680, « to William Hamilton of 


Brownmuir, and his spouse, of the lands 
of Brownmuir." 

The last of Brownmuir, an heiress, 
married into, and carried her lands to 

the Wishaw family. The late Lord brownmuir. 
Belhaven, in 1796, sold the lands of r |, H, st . of - 
Brownmuir to Hugh Crawford, Esq. Cunn - P- 22(K 
in Greenock. 

BRUNTWOOD, vide Udstouk. 


Abr. Ioq Ret. 
Gen. 6607. 

Part. Reg. Si- 
Haiid. L. viii. 
f. 307. 

Nisbet, in his Heraldry, Vol. I. p. 
; 394, but without mentioning his autho- 
rity, says, that this family is descended 
from the House of Preston; whether 
mediately or immediately, legitimately 
or illegitimately, is not stated. 

In the burgess books of the city of 
Edinburgh, there is the following entry, 
dated 18th November 1682, "Mr George 
Hamilton of Cairnes admitted a burgess 
on paying the dues of an unfree man. 1 ' 

George Hamilton of Cairnes married 
Agnes Livingstone. They had issue, Ag- 
nes Hamilton, who was served heir-in- 
general to her mother, of date 6th Jan. 

. In 1624 (19th Feb.), Sir John Ha- 
milton of Preston grants conjunct sasine 
of a tenement in Preston to George Ha- 
milton, his natural son, and his spouse, 
Dorothea Livingstone. We may sus- 
pect that there is a clerical error either 
in the retour or in the sasine, and this 

more probably in the former, where, 
either in the original or in the abridger 
ment, Agnes may have been twice copied 
instead of Dorothea and Agnes. If this 
supposition be found correct, the descent 
of this family is established. 

In mentioning the arms of the family, 
Nisbet says, that Mr George Hamilton 
of Cairnes was some time minister of 
Pittenweem ; but whether he is the same 
with either of the George Hamiltons 
mentioned above, I have been unable to 

Hamilton of Mount Hamilton in Ire- 
laud, Bart., is descended from a second 
son of Cairnes ; see that title. 

Arms. — Gules, on a fess, between Lyon Uegist. 
three cinquefoils, argent, a man's heart, 

Crest. — The Holy Bible expanded, 

Motto. — " Ore lego, corde credo." 






I. Walter de Hamilton, the second 
son of the first Sir David de Hamilton, 
Dominus de Cadyow, is stated by all 
genealogists and peerage writers to have 
been the first of this family. 
Robertson's He had a charter from King Robert 

Index, p. I3S. ^ ^j^ ^^ jggg ^ UQ ^ q{ & tene _ 

ment of land in the city of Edinburgh. 
He was succeeded by his son, 

II. David Hamilton of Cambus- 
keith, who obtained from his uncle, (pat- 
ruus) Alan Hamilton of Lcthberd,* now 
called Larbart, in Linlithgowshire, a 
charter of the lands of Blairmead, which 
was confirmed by the superior, Archi- 
bald, Earl of Douglas, Lord of Gallo- 
way and Annandale, at Peebles, 29th 
January 1411. He was succeeded by, 

Rob. Gen. of 
Cun. i. 357. 

Ibiil. i. 35S. 

III. James Hamilton of Cambus- 
keith, who was served heir to his father 
in the lands of Cambuskeith in 1436. 
He married Marjory, daughter of Sir 
James Hamilton of Preston and Fingal- 
ton, by whom he had issue, 

IV. John Hamilton of Cambus- 

keith, who married Marion, daughter 
of Sir John Maxwell of Calderwood, by 
whom he had a son, 

V. Alexander Hamilton of Cam- 
buskeith, who was served heir to his fa- 
ther John, in 1489. He is mentioned 
in the Acta Auditorum, of date 24th 
January 1488. 

He married Marion, daughter of Sir 
Adam Cunninghame of Caprington, by 
whom he had two sons : 

1. John, his successor. 

2. William Hamilton of Macknairs- 
toun, afterwards of Sonic and Sauquar. 

VI. John Hamilton of Cambus- 
keith, who had a charter of the lands of M a? . Sig. Lib. 
Cambuskeith, dated 10th October 1530; ™f- No - 24, 
and another, to himself and Janet Stew- 
art, his spouse, of the mill of Cambus- 
keith, and the milnlands thereof, dated 

21st September 1532. In 1542, he ap- 
pears as one of the curators to young 
James Hamilton of Evandale, whose Scots Acts of 
father, Sir James of Fynnart, had been ™' ^ "igg 
recently executed on an alleged charge 
of high treason. 

" The lands of Larbert were originally granted to his grandfather, Sir Walter Fitz-Gilbert de 
Hamilton, by King Robert the Bruce, before the year 1323. 


Holl. Chron. Hollingslied says, that the Laird of 

Cambuskeith was at the battle of the 
Butts, fought near Glasgow, in 1543, 
betwixt the Regent, Earl of Arran, and 
the Earl of Lennox, and that he was the 
only person of note who was killed on the 
side of the former. This is a mistake ; for 
we find, from his last will and testament, 
registered in the Commissary Records of 
Glasgow, 22d January 1547-8, that he 
died on the 12th September of the pre- 
ceding year. According to the same 
authority, his wife's name, at that time, 
was Joneta Montgomery; from which it 
appears that he was married twice. He 
left issue : 

1. William, his successor. 

both mentioned in 
ler's testa- 

2. Arthur 
1. Elizabeth 

\ both menti 


( their father 
tlh, ) 

VII. William Hamilton of Cam- 
buskeith, who was rctoured heir to his 
father John, in 1546. 

He married Christian Farrjuhar, 
daughter of the Laird of Gilmilnscroft, 
by whom he had issue, 

1. John, his successor. 

VIII. John Hamilton, of Cambus- 

Inq. Ret. Ayr. keith, who was served heir to his father 

William, in the lands of Cambuskeith, 

in 1561, and to his grandfather John, 

in the lands of Ilcrdisacre, the templar 

lands of Holy St John, and the lands of 

Pophill and Burnhill in the parish of 

Kilmarnock and baillery of Cunning- 

hame, on the 1st May 1572. 

Mag. Sig. Lib. He had a charter, " Johanni Hamil- 

xxxvi. No.512. 

ton, filio Gulielmi Hamilton de Cam- 

buskeyth, terrarum de Grange, &c. in cambus- 
vicecomitatu de Are," dated 7lh May 


He married, first, Jane Montgomery, 

daughter of the Laird of Hazlehead, by 

whom he had issue : 

1. John, his heir. 

He married, secondly, Janet, daugh- 
ter of Sir Matthew Stewart of Minto, 
by whom he had, 

2. David, of Ladieton. 

3. Thomas, of Monktonhill. 
He was succeeded by, 

IX. John Hamilton of Cambus- 
keith, who was retoured heir to John, 
his great-grandfather, " in the lands of 
Ovirmure and Carlincraigs, in the ba- 
rony of Loudon and baillery of Cun- 
ninghnme," 3d November 1603. 

He married Janet, daughter of Wil- 
liam Cunninghame of Caprington, (by 
a daughter of Sir William Hamilton of 
Some and Sanquar,) by whom he had 
no issue. His brother-in-law, William 
Cunninghame of Caprington, got a char- Itob. Gen. of 
ter, under the great seal, in 1598, of the 
ten pound of Cambuskeith, said to have 
hecn obtained not in the fairest manner, 
but which did not, any more than Cap- 
rington itself, remain long with this 
branch of that family. 

On the death of John of Cambus- 
keith, without issue, 

IX. David Hamilton of Ladieton, 
his half brother, became the represen- 
tative of the family. He was first de- 
signed of Ladieton, and afterwards of 
Grange, which latter has ever since 



cajibus. continued to be the title of the family. 


T^o" lands he acquired from his father 

in 1571. 

He married Marion, daughter of 
George Campbell of Stevenston-Camp- 
bell, or Ducathall, by whom he had 

X. Alexander Hamilton of Grange, 
inq. Ret. Ayr. who was retoured heir to his father 
133 " David, in the five merk land of Grange 

in the baillery of Cunninghame, on 10th 

January 1616. 
Mag Sig. Lib. He had a charter of the lands of 

Ovirmure and Carlincraigs in-the co. of 

Ayr, 23d June 1615. 
inq. Ret. Ayr. He was also retoured heir to his uncle, 
184 " Thomas of Monktonhill, in the lands of 

Monktonhill, in the barony of Monkton, 

23d February 1619. 

He married, first, Hizabetk Craw- 
ford, niece to the Laird of Lochnorris, 

by whom he had issue : 
1. John, his heir. 
He married, secondly, Margaret Her- 

ries, by whom he had, 
Ibid. 516. 2. Robert, who, on the 19th Dec. 

1661, was retoured heir of provision of 

his father, Alexander Hamilton, and his 

mother Margaret Herries, in the lands 

of Monktonhill, &c. 

Prot. B. Rober- 

XL John Hamilton of Grange, 
who married Margaret, daughter of 
John Hamilton of Sandieholm. She 
was infeft, in her virginity, in the lands 
of Ladieton, of date 2 2d August 1622. 
Com. Rec Glas. He died before his father, in February 
1662, leaving issue: 

1. John, who succeeded his grandfa- 

2. Alexander. 

1. Daughter, Anne, married to John 

XII. John Hamilton of Grange. 
He was appointed, in 1665, curator to 
Patrick Hamilton of Neilsland. He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of John * ^ Gen ' of 
Crawford the XX. of Crawfordland, by 

whom he had two sons and six daugh- 
ters. His daughter, Margaret, was mar- 
ried to Robert Hunter of Kirkland in 
Kilbryde parish. He died in April Com.Rec.Gla*. 
1675, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

XIII. John Hamilton of Grange, 

who, on the 31st January 1677, was 

retoured heir to his father, in the lands Inq- Ret- Ayr. 

of Grange, &c. 

In 1685, he acquired part of the 
lands of Stevenston-Campbell, from Ro- 
bert Cunninghame of Auchinharvie, 
and about this time also he acquired 
the barony of Stevenston-Cunninghame 
from the Glencairn family, the mansion 
of which, Kerilaw, under the name of 
Grange, became from this time forward 
the residence of the family. 

He had a charter of the lands of Bal- Mag. Sig. Lib. 

_ lixiii. No. 143. 

gray in the co. of Ayr, dated 17th De- 
cember 1686. 

He married Rebecca, daughter of 
Alexander Cunninghame of Craigends, 
by whom he had issue : 

1. Alexander, his successor. 

1. Daughter, Janet, married to Wil- 
liam Warner of Ardeer. 


Ibid. Lib. 

XIV. Alexander Hamilton of 
Grange, who had a charter of the lands 
of Kerilaw, dated 12th February 1714. 

He married, about 1730, Elizabeth, 
eldest daughter of Sir Robert Pollock 
of that Ilk, by whom he had issue : 

1. John, ~\ successively Lairds of 

2. Robert, J Grange. 

3. Alexander, who married Rachel, 
daughter of James Cunninghame of 
Collelan, by whom he had issue : 1. 
Alexander, who succeeded to the estate ; 
1. Daughter, Elizabeth, married Robert 
Cunninghame of Auchinharvie, and had 
issue. 2. Margaret, married the Rev. 
Thomas Pollock, minister of Kilwin- 
ning, and had issue. 3. Frances, mar- 
ried Edward M'Cormick, Esq. advocate, 
sheriff-depute of Ayrshire, and had 
issue. 4. Jane, died unmarried. 

4. James, a proprietor in the West 
Indies, and father of General Hamil- 
ton, the celebrated statesman and pa- 
triot in the United States of America, 
who fell, greatly regretted, in a duel 
with a Mr Burr. 

5. Walter, 

6. George, 


died unmarried. 

7. William, married Jean, daughter 
of Robert Donald, Esq. and had issue. - 

8. Joseph. 

One of the daughters died in infancy ; 
the other, Elizabeth, was married to 
Alexander Blair, Esq. surveyor of the 
customs at Port-Glasgow, son of Wil- 
liam Blair, and had issue, 

XV. John Hamilton of Grange, 
who died unmarried, and was succeeded 
by his brother, 

XV. Robert Hamilton of Grange, 
who, also dying unmarried, in 1774, 
was succeeded by his nephew, 

XVI. Alexander Hamilton of 
Grange, advocate, and Lieut-Col. of the 
2d Regt. of Ayrshire Local Militia. 

Arms. — Gules, a lion rampant, ar- 
gent, (for the Earldom of Ross,) betwixt 
three cinquefoils, ermine. 

Crest. — An oak tree, proper. 

Motto. — In an escroll above, " Vir- 
idis etfructifera." 




candor. I. The ancestor of this family was 

™" John Hamilton of Wliistleberry, third 

son of Sir James Hamilton, Dominus 

de Cadyow, and brother of the first 
Lord Hamilton. 

He had a charter, dated 14th June 



candor. 1449, of the lands of Whitehope and 

R?'. Man-, siv. Kirkhope in the lordship of Crawfurd- 

ei. 60. No. Li n( ] sa y ? in exchange for the lands of 

Wester-Brithy, in the barony of Fame 

in Forfarshire. He was succeeded by 

his son, 

II. William Hamilton of Candor, 

Ibid. Lib. ,x. who, in the charter of entail granted, 
No. 4. r 

23d October 1455, to James, Lord Ha- 
milton, is called in the succession to the 
Hamilton estates, next to his uncle 
Alexander Hamilton ancestor of Silvcr- 
tonhill. He was succeeded by, 

III. John Hamilton of Candor, 
who had a charter of confirmation un- 

lbid. No. 133. der the great seal, of the lands of 
Quhitecamp and Kirkhope, dated 18th 
February 1487. 

IV. William Hamilton of Candor, 
Ibid. Lib. xvii. who, in a charter of settlement of the 

Hamilton estates, grantedby King James 
the Fourth, dated 16th January 1512- 
13, is called next in succession to 
James Hamilton of Silvertonhill. He 
was succeeded by, 

V. John Hamilton of Candor, who, 
Ibid. Lib. xxvii. in a charter of destination granted to 

' ' the Duke of Chatelherault, 15th Sept. 
1540, is called next in succession to the 
Hamilton estates, after Andrew Hamil- 
ton of Newton. He was probably the 
father of, 

VI. Cudbert Hamilton of Candor, 
mentioned in the list >f the HamiltonsjiS. penes me. 
circa 1570, and who married Isabella, 

second daughter of John Hamilton of 

VII. James Hamilton of Candor, 
who, on the Sth August 1616, as tacks- 
man of the tenuis of the parish of Cam- Com.Rec.Giat. 
busnethan, obtained a decreet against a 

number of the parishioners. He was 
succeeded by, 

VIII. Cuthbert Hamilton of Can- 
dor, who, in May 1629, appears, from the 
sheriff records of Hamilton, to have been 
on the inquest of service of William, 
Earl of Angus. In December 1654, 

his name appears in the registered tes- j^. 
tamcnt of Robert Hamilton of Milburne, 
as indebted to him. 

He married Agnes Maxwell, relict of 
James Hamilton of Stanehousc, and 
daughter of Sir James Maxwell of Cal- 

He was alive in 1661, as appears 
from a bond of provision of William p,,,]. R t . c . tii. 
Baillie of Carphin, to Barbara Hamil-'^ 1 " 
ton, daughter of the last Hamilton of 

The fortalice of Candor stood upon Description of 
the water of Candor, near the town of iV' lar i" 1 ' ir T e V 

MS. Adv. Lib. 

Stanehouse in Lanarkshire. It was de- 
cayed in 1700. 



Sher. Rcc. 
Com. Uec 


cathkin. I- Robert Hamilton of Cathkin is 
mentioned in 1613 and again in 1623. 

He was married to Elizabeth Mure, 
daughter of Robert "Mure of Caldwell, 
by whom he had issue : 

1. Robert, his successor, and a daugh- 
ter, Jean, who had a bond from her 
uncle, Robert Mure of Caldwell, " for 
fiftie merks," dated 15th February 1630. 

Acts of Pari. II. ROBERT HAMILTON of Cathkin, 

who was appointed, in 1644, one of the 
commissioners of Lanarkshire for levy- 
ing war. 
Com. Rec. He married Barbara, daughter of 


Gawin Hamilton of Raploch, by whom 
he had issue : 
1 . Gawin. 

1. Elizabeth. 

2. Barbara, married to Dr John 
Mure, physician in Hamilton. 

III. Gawin Hamilton of Cathkin, 
who, in 1639, lends to John Cruik and 
Andro Gibson, burgesses in Rutherglen, 
ye sum of 8 1 merks. 

He gave a bond of obligation, of date 
3d March 1665, to his brother-in-law, 
Dr John Mure, " for 420 punds, Scots." 



&xvl of CJanfcraje^tlL 


Hans Hamilton, vicar of Dunlop, * 
= in Ayrshire, natural son of Archibald 

Vide Art. 

Halcraig. Hamilton of Raploch, had issue by his 

wife, Janet, daughterof James Denholni 
of Westshiells, six sons : 

1. James, first Viscount Claneboye. 

* In the churchyard of Dunlop there is a tomb erected to his memory. On a flagstone in 
the floor is the following inscription : " Heir lyis Hanis Hamilton, Vicar of Dunlop, quha 
deceist ye 30 of Maij 1608, ye aige of 72 zeiris, and Janet Denham his spous." — Under a marble 
arch, within two pillars of the composite order, in front are two statues kneeling on a marble monu- 
ment, in the attitude of devotion, and habited according to the fashion of the times. There is also 





2. Archibald Hamilton of Halcraig. 

3. Gawin, who had issue a son, John, 
who was father of the Rev. Archibald 
Hamilton of Armagh. 

4. John Hamilton of Tullimore, of 
whom afterwards. 

5. William, who was father of James 
Hamilton of Bangor, alias Newcastle. 

6. Patrick, who had a son, Alexander, 
who was father of Patrick Hamilton of 

1. Daughter, Jean, married to Wil- 
liam Mure of Glanderston. 

ArchdaH's I. James Hamilton, the eldest son 

land* 86 ° C °f Hans Hamilton, vicar of Dunlop, 
being sent into Ireland (accompanied, 
or soon followed by his brethren,) by 
King James VI., in the year 1587, with 
Sir James Fullarton, in order to keep 
up a correspondence with the English 
of that kingdom, and inform his Ma- 
jesty from time to time of the state, con- 
dition, inclinations, and designs of 
the Irish in case of Queen Elizabeth's 
death ; they disguised the cause of their 
errand, (that they might execute it the 
better,) by taking it upon them to open 
schools. After they had taught privately 
for five years, they were admitted to 
professorships in Trinity College; and 
they contributed greatly to bring the 
University of Dublin into that reputa- 

tion which it quickly acquired. At this 
time the learned Archbishop Usher was 
one of Mr Hamilton's pupils. 

After the accession of King James to 
the English throne, Mr Hamilton was 
made the King's Sergeant-at-Law, and 
one of the Privy Council, and, at the 
same time, was liberally rewarded for 
his services. In 1613 he sat in the 
Irish Parliament for the co. of Downe. 
In 1619 he was nominated one of the 
commissioners for the plantation of 
Longford, and the territory of Ely- 
O'Carrol; and, by patent, dated 4th 
May 1622, created Viscount of Clane- 
boye and Lord Hamilton in co. Downe. 

In November 1641 ]f/i received a 
commission from the Lords Justices and 
Council for raising the Scots in the 
north of Ireland, and putting them 
under arms to oppose the rebellion. 

His Lordship married, first, Ursula, 
sixth daughter of Edward, Lord Bra- 
bazon of Ardee, by whom he had no 
issue. He married, secondly, Jane, 
daughter of Sir John Phillips of Pictou 
Castle in co. Pembroke, by whom he had 
an only son, 

II. James, second Viscount Clane- Archdall. 
boye, who, as well as his father, suffered 
much in the service of Charles the First. 
He raised a regiment of foot, and a 

a long inscription on a marble slab in the wall, stating that he was the son of Archibald Hamilton 
of Raploch, and that his wife was Janet, second daughter of James Denholm of Westshiells ; 
that they lived together 45 years, during which period he had served the cure of the church ; that 
they had six sons," and one daughter, Jean, married to Mure of Glanderston ; and other particulars. 
It appears to have been erected by their son, James, first Viscount Clanebois, from whom came the 
Earls of Clanbrassil who became extinct in 1798."— Robertson's Cunninghame, 306. 




troop of horse, which he continued to 
maintain for eight years at a great ex- 
pense, and finally joined with the Mar- 
quis of Ormond against Cromwell, for 
which his estates were seized, and con- 
tinued under sequestration for six years 
and a half, until at length he was in- 
cluded amongst the Protestants with 
whom the Protector capitulated for their 
return and re-admission to their estates, 
by paying an additional fine. 

King Charles the First, in considera- 
tion of his services and sufferings in the 
royal cause, created him, by patent, 
dated at Oxford 4th March 1644, Earl 
of Clanbrassil in co. Armagh. 

He married, in November 1635, 
Anne, eldest daughter of Sir Henry 
Cary, second Earl of Monmouth, by 
whom he had issue : 

1. James, Viscount Claneboye, who 
predeceased his father. 

2. Hon. Henry, who succeeded his 

3. Hon. Hans, who died without 

1. Lady Jane, who died young. 

The Earl of Clanbrassil died 20th 
June 1659, and was buried in his father's 
tomb at Bangor. 

III. James, Viscount Claneboye, who, 
as already mentioned, pre-deceased his 

father on the 8th May 1658, at the earlv eaiil 


age of sixteen years, and was buried in _ 
the church of Rickmansworth in Hert- 
fordshire, where a monument was erect- 
ed to his memory. 

III. Henry, second Earl of Clan- Arduiai). 
brassil, was 12 years of age when his 
father died, and was educated at Christ 
Church, Oxford, where he took the de- 
gree of A.M. in 1663. King Charles 
the Second made him one of his privy 

He married Lady Alice Moore, 
daughter of Henry, Earl of Drogheda, 
(who afterwards married, in 1676, John, 
Lord Bargeny), by whom he had no 
issue ; and dying on the 12th January 
1675, was buried in Christ Church, 

The titles * became extinct at his death ; 
but, as the title of Earl of Clanbrassil 
was afterwards conferred upon James, 
Viscount Limerick, descended from 
another branch of this family, we shall 
now proceed to trace his pedigree. 

I. John Hamilton of Tullimore, 
fourth son of Hans Hamilton, vicar of 
Dunlop, Member of Parliament for 
Killileagh in 1613, had issue four sohb 
and five daughters : 

1. James, his heir. 


* There appears to have been, besides the title of Viscount Claneboye, also that of Baron Duf- 
ferin of Claneboye. This title was conferred, in July 1800, on Sir James Blackwood, Bart., of 
Ballyliedy, co. Down, son of Sir John Blackwood of Ballyliedy, and Dorcas, Baroness of Dufferin 
and Claneboye, in her own right, eldest daughter and heiress of James Stevenson of Tilly leagh, 
Esq., only son of Hans Stevenson, Esq., by Anne Hamilton, second daughter, and at length sole 
heiress of James Hamilton of Neilsbrook, Esq., eldest son of Archibald Hamilton of Halcraig, next 
brother of Sir James Hamilton, first Viscount Claneboye. — Dehrett's Peerage, vol. ii. p. 1274. 







2. John, who died without issue. 

3. William, who left a son, who was 
captain in his cousin James, Earl of 
Clanhrassil's regiment during the civil 

4. Hans Hamilton of Carnysure. Of 
the daughters, one was married to Mr 
Hamilton of Saule ; one to Mr Leslie ; 
one to Mr Stevenson, and one to Mr 

Hans Hamilton married Mary, sister 
of David Kennedy of Killarne, Esq., by 
whom he had issue : 

1. William, his heir. 


3. Francis. 

1. Anna. 

2. Jean, married to 
gomery of Ballymagoun. 

3. Ursula. 
A: Matilda. 
He died in 1656, and 

ceeded by his son, William Hamilton 
of Carnysure and of Erinagli, and had 
issue : 

James Hamilton of Carnysure and 
Erinagh, who married Christian, daugh- 
ter of James Hamilton of Tullimore ; by 
whom he had issue three daughters, 
whereof the youngest, Margaret, was 
married in 1707 to Lord Desart. 

II. James Hamilton of Tullimore 
was Member of Parliament for Bangor 
in 1639. He left issue: 

1. James, his heir. 

2. Jocelyn, who died unmarried. 

1. Christian, married, as before stated, 
to James Hamilton of Carnysure. 

Hugh Mont- 

was 8UC- 

III. James Hamilton of Tullimore, Aichdaii. 
who, at the Revolution, embarked 
heartily in support of King William's 
government in Ireland, and raised a 
regiment of foot, for which he was at- 
tainted by King James's Parliament held 
in Dublin. 

The Revolution being happily ac- 
complished, he was returned Member 
for Bangor in the first Parliament of 
King William, held in 1692, and was 
sent the following year, over to London, 
along with the Earl of Bellamont, to 
exhibit articles of impeachment against 
Lord Conningsby and Sir Charles Por- 
ter, the late Lords Justices. 

He married Anne, youngest daughter 
of John Mordaunt, Viscount Avalon, and 
sister of Charles, Earl of Peterborough, 
by whom he had issue : 

1. James, created Viscount Limerick, 
and Earl of Clanbrassil. 

2. Jocelyn, killed in a duel, unmarried. 

1. Daughter, Sophia, married, 1st 
September 1707, to Frederick Hamilton, 
father of Gustavus, Viscount Bovne. 

2. Cary- Eleanor a, who died un- 

3. Elizabeth, married to Thomas For- 
tescue, Esq., of Randalstown, co. Louth. 

IV. James Hamilton of Tullimore, 
who, being very young at his father's 
death, was left under the guardianship 
of his mother, who took great care of 
his education. 

After he became of age, he was re- 
turned Member for Dundalk in the first 
Parliament of George the First, who, 
in consideration of his great merit, creat- 



ed him, by patent, dated 13th May 1719, 
Baron of Claneboye, and Viscount of 
Limerick, and he accordingly took his 
seat in the House of Peers on the 1st 
July of the same year. 

His Lordship sat for several years in 
the British House of Commons, as 
Member for the different boroughs of 
Wendover, Tavistock, and Morpeth, and, 
in 1743, was chairman of the committee 
of secrecy to inquire into the conduct of 
Sir Robert Walpole, Earl of Orford. 
He exerted himself strenuously to esta- 
blish a cambric manufacture in Ireland. 

In April 1746 he was appointed one 
of the privy council, aud made governor 
of the co. of Louth ; and by privy seal, 
3d November 1756, and patent 24th of 
the same month, he was created Earl of 
Clanbrassil, in the co. of Armagh, by 
which title he took his seat in the House 
of Peers 11th October 1757. His Lord- 
ship married at the Hague, on 15th 
October 1728, Lady Henrietta Ben tin ck, 
third daughter of William, first Earl of 
Portland, by whom he had issue, four 
sons and three daughters, of whom only 
one son and two daughters survived, 

1. James, Viscount Limerick. 

1. Lady Anne, born in May 1730, (to 
whom the Princess of Orange stood 
godmother), married, 11th December 
1752, to Robert, first Earl of Roden, 
and had a numerous issue. 

2. Lady Caroline, who died unmarried 
13th October 1762. 

His Lordship died in 1758, and was 
succeeded by, 

V. James, second Earl of Clanbrassil; earl 



was born 13th August 1729. 

He took his seat in the Irish House 
of Peers, on succeeding to the honours, 
10th April 1758 ; and, 14th December 
1768, was elected to the British Parlia- 
ment, member for Helston in Cornwall. 

His Lordship was governor of the co. 
of Louth, a member of the privy council ; 
and, at the institution of the illustrious 
order of St Patrick, his Majesty George 
the Third was pleased to nominate him 
to be an original Knight thereof, 21st 
May 1774. 

His Lordship married Grace, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Foley of Stoke-Edith in 
Hertfordshire, afterwards Baron Foley 
of Kidderminster, by whom he had no 
issue ; and, dying in 1799, the titles 
became extinct ; but he was succeeded 
in his estates by his only surviving sister, 
Anne, Countess of Roden, whose grand- 
son, Robert, the present Earl of Roden, Debreu's Peer- 
was created Baron Clanbrassil of Hyde- ^' Ro[ | en 
Hall, co. of Herts, in the Peerage of 
Great Britain 14th July 1821. 

Titles. — Earl of Clanbrassil, Vis- 
count Claneboye, and Lord Hamilton in 
co.Downe. Earl of Clanbrassil, Viscount 
of Limerick, and Baron Claneboye. 

Creations. — Viscount of Claneboye 
and Lord Hamilton, 4th May 1622; 
Earl of Clanbrassil, 4th March 1644; 
Baron of Claneboye and Viscount 
Limerick, 13 th May 1719; Earl of 
Clanbrassil, 24th November 1756. 

The Arms were ruby, three cinque- 
foils, pearl, on a chief, topaz ; a lion 
passant-guardant of the first, holding in 
his dexter paw a cheval-trap, sapphire. 




Crest. — On a wreath, a demi-an- 
telope, pearl, with horns, topaz, support- 
ing a heart, proper. 

Supporters. — The dexter, a lion 
ruby, gorged with a double tressure, 
flory, counter flory, with fleur-de-lis, 
topaz. The sinister, an antelope, pearl, 

horned, topaz, and gorged with a like 

tressure, ruby. 

Motto. — " Qualis ab Incepto." 
The seats of this last family were Dun- 

dalk, in co. Louth, and Tullimore in co. 

Downe, eight miles from Downpatrick. 




The first that has been met with of 
' this family was, 

Mag. Sig. Lib. I. Paul Haiiilton of Coats, Captain 

xlvUNo.7. of the Igland of Amilt jj e had a 

charter of the lands of Coats in Lanark- 
shire, 31st December 1608. In 1613 
his name appears in the sheriff records 
Com. Rec. GUs. of Hamilton. In 1634 he lent to John 
Ritchie in Ovir-coittis the sum of " thrie 
scoir punds." He was married to Mar- 
garet Hamilton. Dying without issue, 
he was succeeded by his nephew, 

Inq. Ret. Lan. 

Scots Acts of 

II. Andrew Hamilton of Coats, 
who is re toured, July 18th 1635, heir 
to his uncle, in the lands of Coittis, in 
the lordship of Newbottle, and barony 
of Monkland. Succeeded by his son. 

III. William Hamilton of Coats. 

He was commissioner of supply for the 
shire of Bute in 1661. 
He had issue : 

1. John, his successor. 

2. Patrick, who succeeded his brother. 

3. Robert, who, in 1700, August 16th, 
exchanged land with Anne, Duchess of 

IV. John Hamilton of Coats, re- Ina - Ret - L&n - 

toured, 24th January 1679, heir to his 

grandfather in the lands of Over and 
Nether Coittis in the lordship of New- 
battle and barony of Monkland. He 
was succeeded by his brother, 

IV. Patrick Hamilton of Coats, on Ibid, 
the 3d June 1692; he was retoured heir 
to his brother. In 1721 he was tacks- 
man of the lands of Drumlabarra in the 
island of Arran. 





Reg. Mag. Sig 
Lib. xxx. No. 

M'lver's Hist. 
of Glas. 82. 
Belh. MS. 

Crawf. Mem. 
p. 856. 

Com. Rec. Glas. 
et Diet, of Dec, 
Vol. I. 3636. 

I. The first that has been met with 
of this family is Andrew Hamilton of 
Cochno, who had a charter, wherein he 
is styled Captain of the Castle of Dun- 
barton, of the lands of Noblestoun in 
Dunbartonshire, dated 28th January 

He was Provost of Glasgow in the 
time of Queen Mary. He was at the 
battle of Langsyde, for which he had 
his possessions forfeited by the Regent 
Murray, and died before the year 1572, 
as appears from tbe treaty of Perth, con- 
cluded that year. He had issue : 

1. John, his heir. 

2. Claud, who succeeded his brother. 

3. Duncan, proprietor of the customs 
at Dumbarton. 

who were both at 
Langsyde, and for- 

4. Archibald, I feited, but had their 

5. Andrew, f possessions restored 
to them by the treaty 
of Perth in 1572. 

6. Matthew. 

7. Robert. 

1. Daughter, Catherine, married to 
Captain James Bruce. On the 28th 
March 1586 her brother Claud obtained 
a decreet-arbitral against her and her 
husband, for which her brother Matthew 
was cautioner. 

II. John Hamilton of Cochno, who crawf. Mem. 
was also at the battle of Langsyde and p ' 256- 
forfeited, but was afterwards restored to 

his possessions, and included in the treaty 
of Perth. 

He died before 22d May 1573 ; for of 
that date his brother Claud was served 
heir to him in the lands of Cochno. 

III. Claud Hamilton of Cochno, 

who was served heir to his father, on inq. Ret. in 
the 26th May 1573, in the lands of Pub - Arch ' 
Easter Cochno with the castle in the 
Lennox ; and in the lands of Kilmichael 
and Blairnane on the water of Leven, 
on 25th October 1594. 

He was retoured " hseres conquestus Ibid. 
Duncani, fratris proxime junioris, in of- 
ficio et servitio teloniae, et parvarum 
custumarum burgi de Dunbarton, et of- 
ficio parvae custumae ejusdem." 

He was served heir to his brother 
John, May 20th 1574, in the lands of Ibid, 
old extent of Auchinhowy, Dowen, 
Blairskeith, Brainzet and Ballinker. 
He had a charter of the lands of Cock- 
nay, dated 12th November 1591. Reg. Mag. Sig. 

He married Marjory, daughter of Sir ^'23"™"' 
James Edmonstone of Duntreath, and Nisb- Hen 

App. ii. 168. 
had issue. 

I have been unable to trace this family 







Sher. Rec. 

James Hamilton of Coirsland was 
on an inquest, or retour of service, at 
Hamilton in January 1629. 

John Hamilton of Coirsland had a 

charter under the great seal, dated 10th 

Reg. Mag Sig. February 1639, " to John Hamilton 

137! ' °f Coirsland, Margaret Hamilton, his 

spouse, and John Hamilton, advocate, 

their son," of the lands of Coirsland in 

the parish of Bothwell. He died in 

November 1648, as appears from his 

registered testament, 8th January 1653. 

His executrix was Margaret Hamilton Com. Rec.Glas. 

his relict. 



colquhot. l Ni SBE t states that the predecessor 
Nisb Her. of this family was a brother of Sir Wil- 
liam Hamilton of Some. The first that 
I have met with was John Hamilton, 
who, along with his eldest son, Richard, 
Rec. Pr. Coun. was s ] a j n by the Murrays of Romanas 
before 1591. By his spouse, Bessie 
Baillie, he left : 

1. Jonas. 

2. William. 

Inq. Ret. Ron. 3. j / ltl) wn0 , 5th May 1610, was 
served heir to his father in an annual- 
rent of 120/. from the lands of Maxwell- 
haugh in Roxburghshire. 

II. Jonas Hamilton of Colquhot, 

who was served heir in general to his I biJ . Gen - 257. 

,. , ~ , , ,-- , IbiH.Peb. 103- 

father in 1609. On the 24th March 
1636, he was served heir to his father in 
the lands and barony of Kirkurd in the 
co. of Peebles. He had a charter of re- 
signation in his favours of the lands of 
Colquhot, circa 1 656. He had issue : 

1. Janies. 

2. Archibald, of Wester Horsbruik. 

3. Marcus, of Netherurd, who had 
issue a daughter, Alison. 

III. James Hamilton of Colquhot, 
who was, in 1678, one of the commis- Scots Acts of 

sioners of supply for the co. of Peebles 



Inq. Ret. Gen. IV. ALEXANDEB HAMILTON of Col- 
quhot, " unus ex quatuor clavigeris 
ordinariis coram Dominia Concilii et 
Sessionis," married Margaret, daughter 
of James Lands, merchant burgess of 
Reg. Mag. Sig. He had a charter of the lands of Col- 
No. 4. ' quhot, dated 8th July 1681. 

V. Robert Hamilton of Colquhot, colquhot. 
mentioned by Nisbet in the Heraldry, 
vol. i. p. 396. 

The Arms of the Hamiltons of Col- 
quhot were, gules, three cinquefoils 
between two flasks, argent. 

Crest. — Cupid with bow, quiver, 
and arrows, proper. 

Motto. — " Quos dedit arcus amor." 

CRAIGHLAW, vide Ardoch. 




Nisb. Her. i. 

I. John Hamilton, son of Andrew 
Hamilton of Silvertonhill, was the first 
of this family. He went to the north 
with Lady Anne Hamilton, Countess of 
Huntly, and got the lands of Cubardy 
in Aberdeenshire. He was succeeded 
by his son, 

Mag. Sig. Lib, 
lxii. No. 70. 

Scots Acts of 


Hamilton of Cubardy, 

who was father of, 

III. John Hamilton of Cubardy, 
who had a charter of the lands of Cu- 
bardy to himself and son James, dated 
13th November 1668. 

He had a ratification, in his favours, 
of the lands and barony of Cubardy, 
lying in the barony of Frendraucht, 
parish of Forgue, and shire of Aberdeen, 

to himself, in liferent, and his son James 
in fee, dated in 1681. He was succeed- 
ed by the said James. 

IV. James Hamilton of Cubardy, Mag. sig.Lib. 
who had a charter of the dominical lands * v ' °' 7 
of Cubardy, dated 14th July 16T5. He 
is the last that I have been able to dis- 
cover of this family. 

The Arms were, gules, three cinque- 
foils, argent, within a bordure of the last, 
charged with four saltiers, couped, and 
as many interchanged of the first. 

Crest. — A cinquefoil, argent. 

Motto. — " Non mutat genus solum." 

The lands of Cubardy afterwards fell 
into the possession of a family of the 
name of Gregory. 





Vide p. 49. 

Mag. Sig. Lib. 
viii. No. 7. 

Craw. MS. 
Coll. Adv. Lib. 

Penes Ducem 
de Hamilton. 

Wishaw MS. 

The original ancestor of this family 
' was David de Hamilton, the second son 
of Sir John de Hamilton, Dominus de 

He had a charter from his brother, 
Sir James Hamilton of Cadyow, of the 
lands of Dalserf, in the barony of Mach- 

He had also a charter of confirmation 
of the lands of Fleurs, dated 5th March 
1476. He was probably the father of, 

II. John Hamilton of Dalserf, who 
is mentioned as having been a student 
at Glasgow in 1461. The next that 
has been met with, was, 

III. Robert Hamilton of Dalserf, 
who, on the 2d September 1563, along 
with his spouse, Isobel Hamilton, ob- 
tained, from John Boyd of Nerston, a 
charter of the wester half of the lands 
of Nerston in Kilbride, to be held of the 
crown, which was confirmed by Queen 
Mary, 23d September same year. 

He fought for that princess at the 
battle of Langsyde, and was forfeited. 
His brother, Patrick, and his son Robert, 
were also forfeited, but they returned 
from exile with the lords in 1585. 

He married Isobel, daughter of John 
Hamilton of Orbistoun, by whom he 
had issue : 

1. Robert, his heir. 

2. Mr James. 

3. Patrick. 

4. Archibald, who was also forfeited Craw. Mem. 
after the battle of Langsyde, but restored 

by the treaty of Perth in 1572. 

5. John. 

1. Daughter, Janet, married to James 
Lockhart of Lee, circa 1550. 

IV. Robert Hamilton of Dalserf, 
who was chamberlain of Kilwinnyng. 
He is mentioned in the commissary re- 
cords of Glasgow in 1590 and 1591. 

He married Sarah, daughter of Robert Rob. Gen. of 
Brisbane of Bishoptoun, by whom he 
had issue : 

1. William, his heir. 

2. Robert of Nerston. His brother Inq. Ret. Lan. 

William was served heir to him, 10th 

May 1600, in the wester half of the 

lands of Nerston in Kilbryde. 

3. James, Dean of Glasgow, and 
minister of Hamilton. He was appoint- Sher. Rec. 
ed tutor to his nephews, William and 
Robert, 26th October 1616. 

V. William Hamilton of Dalserf. iwa. 
On the 7th January 1598, when one of 

the inquest on a retour of service at 
Hamilton, he is designed, " William 
Hamilton, younger of Dalserf." In 
1 603 he was witness to a charter from 


James, Lord Torphichen, to James Ha- 
Com. Roc. milton of Neilsland. It appears probable 


that he died about 1616, as his only sur- 
viving brother, James, was appointed 
tutor to his children that year. He left 
issue : 

1. William, his heir. 

2. Captain Robert. 

1. Daughter, Jean, who died young. 

VI. William Hamilton of Dalserf, 

Penes Ducem who had a charter, under the great seal, 
de Hamilton. - 

or the wester halt of the lands of Ner- 

ston in Kilbryde, dated 28th November 


He was left sole executor by his bro- 
ther, Captain Robert Hamilton, who 
died on the 3d March 1640. 

He was appointed one of the two com- 
missioners for the co. of Lanark to the 
Convention of Estates, held at Edin- 
burgh 22d June 1643 ; and, in 1648, he 
was named one of the committee of war 
for the same county. 

He married Marion Cunniughame, 
by whom, as appears from his testament 
wrote at Dalserf 3d March 1654, he 
had issue : 

1. William, his heir. 

1. Daughter, Margaret, married to 
Patrick Hamilton, and who carried on 
the line of the family, 
inq. Bet. Lan. 2. Anna, married to Hugh Campbell 
in Newmills : their only daughter, Anne, 
was retoured heir, 27th March 1674, to 

Pari. Rcc. 

Com. Itec. 

her grandfather, in the lands of Nerston dalsekf. 
in Kilbryde. s=== 

3. Lilias, who appears to have died 

William of Dalserf died in January 
1658, and was succeeded by his only 

VII. William Hamilton of Dalserf, Com.Kec. Gias, 
who, at the time of his father's death, 
was under age. * 

He died without issue, leaving his 
three sisters heirs-portioners ; but it ap- 
pears that the eldest, Margaret, suc- 
ceeded to Dalserf. 

VII. Patrick Hamilton and Mar- 
garet Hamilton had issue : 

1. Daughter, , married to 

Archibald Hamilton, advocate, the 
fourth son of William Hamilton of 

2. Margaret. 

3. Anne. 

VIII. Archibald Hamilton of Dal- 
serf, advocate, and baillie of the Duke- 
dome and regality of Hamilton. 

He obtained a charter of adjudication Mag. Sig. Lib. 
of the lands of Little Auchward in co. 
Lanark, dated 31st May 1706. 

He obtained another charter of ad- 
judication against the aforesaid Anna 
Campbell, and Margaret and Anna Ha- 
miltons, daughters of Patrick and Mar- 
garet of Dalserf. He left issue, 

Ixxxiii. No. 46. 

* The following gentlemen were appointed his curators :— Sir James Lockhart of Lee ; Colonel 
James Lockhart, his son ; John, Lord Orbistoun ; Sir Walter Stewart of Allanton ; Mr John Ha- 
milton, son and heir-apparent of Lord Orbistoun; Mr James Hamilton of Dalziel; James Inglis, 
young. r of Murdiston ; Patrick Hamilton of Green ; and William, son of James Hamilton of Hill. 




IX. William Hamilton of Dalserf, 
advocate, who married (marriage-con- 
tract dated ISth April 1721,) Margaret, 
daughter of Sir George Weir of Black- 
wood, by whom he had issue — an only- 

X. Margaret Hamilton of Dal- 

serf, who married Captain James Birnie 
Hamilton of Broomhill. 

As heir of tailyie and provision of 
William her father, she obtained a char- 
ter of resignation of the wester half of 
the lands of Nerston — dated 29th July 




Caledonia, iii. 
619. et Mag. 
Sig. Lib. vii. 
No. 81. 

I. Gavin Hamilton, the fourth son 
of Sir James Hamilton, Dominusde Cad- 
yow, was the ancestor of this family. 

He lived during the reigns of James 
the II. and III. He granted a charter, 
in 1468, with consent of the convent 
and chaplains of Both well, of the lands 
of Osbernstoun, in the barony of Both- 
well, to his son Mag T Robert Hamilton, 
chancellor of Glasgow, and rector of 
Campsie; whom failing, to his son 
Thomas Hamilton, canon of Dunkeld ; 
whom failing, to his son John Hamil- 
ton ; and whom failing, to his two 
younger sons successively, Archibald 
and Gavin Hamilton. 

He married Jean Muirhead, called 
" the fair maid of Lechbrunnock," des- Nisb. Her. 
cended of the house of Lauchope. They App 262 ' 
were married privately, the parties be- 
ing infra gradus a jure prohibitos, within 
the degrees of consanguinity prohibited 
by the canons of the church, and a 
previous dispensation had not been ob- 
tained from the Pope. Maister Gawane Acta. Aud. p. 
Hamilton was executor to umquhile 
James, Lord Hamilton, 26th March, 

In his old age, he entered into holy Rymer's Foe- 
orders, and became provost of the col- 
legiate church of Bothwell,* in which 



* Archibald, the third Earl of Douglas, Lord of Galloway, who married Joanna, heiress of 
Thomas Moray, Lord of Bothwell, Panctarius Scotia;, converted the church of Bothwell into a 
collegiate church for a provost and eight prebendaries. He granted to it, at the same time, the 
lands of Osbernstoun, within the barony of Bothwell, and the lands of Netherurd, with its mill 
in Peebleshire. The charter which effected this donation was dated, at his castle of Bothwell, on 


office he is observed as early as 1453. 
By this lady he had issue : 

1. Robert, chancellor of Glasgow, 
who appears to have died before his 
brother John — without issue. 

2. Thomas, who was called to the 
succession among the other heirs of 
Lord Hamilton, in the first settlement 
of the Hamilton estates, by charter un- 

Mag. sig. Lib. der the great seal, of date 23d October, 
1455 ; but he appears to have also died 
before his brother John, without issue. 
S. John, who succeeded to Orbistoun. 

4. Archibald. 

5. Gavin, the ancestor of the family 
of Haggs. 

Douglas's Bar- II. JOHN HAMILTON, the first We 

have found designed by the title of Or- 

He married Jean, daughter of Ham- dalziel 
ilton of Woodhall, by whom he had issue : ~ 

1. Gavin, his heir. 

2. Archibald- 
's. John, the first of Ferguslee. 

4. Patrick. 

5. David, the first of Both wellhaugh. 

1. Daughter, married to the Laird of 

2. Daughter, married to Alexander 
Stewart of Race. 

He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

III. Gavin Hamilton of Orbis- Mag. sig. Lib. 
toun, who was named one of the heirs ""' 
of entail, in a deed of settlement, exe- 
cuted by the first Earl of Arran, 1 6th 
January, 1512-13. 

He was again named one of the heirs 
of entail, in a settlement of the Hamil- 


the 10th October 1398, and was confirmed by a charter, under the great seal, 5th February 
1398 — 9. The first provost of the collegiate church of Bothwell was Thomas Barry, a canon of 
Glasgow, who celebrated, in Latin verse, the victory of Otterburn, in which James, Earl of 
Douglas, fell, while crowned with success, on 19th August 1388. The collegiate church of Both- 
well was the most opulent establishment of the kind in Lanarkshire. Besides the endowment 
already mentioned, there belonged to it the titles and revenues of the parish churches of Strath- 
aven and Stonehouse, and the sixteen pound lands of Cathkin, with its mill, in the parish of 
Carmunnock, all which were shared among the eight prebendaries, who also shared the lands and 
mill of Netherurd ; and each of them had a manse and garden lying adjacent to the collegiate church 
of Bothwell.— The prebends were : — 1. The prebend of Strathaven alias Nethertoun. a. The 
preber.d of Overtoun. 3. The prebend of Newtoun. 4. The prebend of Netherfield. 5. The 
prebend of Cruikburn. 6. The prebend of Stanehouse. 7. The prebend of Hessildeane. 8. The 
prebend of Kittiemuir. To the provost was appropriated the lands of Osbernstoun, and the tithes, 
revenues, with the manse and glebe of the church of Bothwell, which was formerly a parish of 
great extent, as it comprehended the present parish of Shotts. — Chalmers' Caledonia, iii. 6+9. 

* Originally Osbernstoun, from some person of the name of Osbern, who, probably about the 
period of the Anglo-Saxon colonization, had his tun or dwelling there, afterwards corrupted into 

The coat of arms of Magister Gawin, provost of Bothwell, was put up in the church of Hamilton, built 
by hie brother Lord Hamilton, in 1451. 



dalziel. ton estates, by the Duke of Chatelher- 

M.iir. Si?. Lib au l t » of date 15th September, 1540. 
go^'g?" 5, 67 ' He married Helen, daughter of Wal- 
lace of Cairnhill, by whom he had issue : 

1. John, bis heir. 

2. Robert, provost of the college of 
St Andrew's. 

3. David. 

4. Arthur, the first of Parkhead. 

5. James Hamilton of Ruclibank, pro- 
genitor of the Hamiltons of Kilbrack- 

IV. John Hamilton of Orbistoun, 
who, accompanying the cpaeen, along 

Craw. MS. 
Gen. Coll, 
Adv. Lib. 

with his kinsmen, the Hamiltons, to the 
battle of Langsyde, fell in that action. 

He married Margaret, daughter of 
Hamilton of Haggs, by whom he had 
issue : 

1. John, his heir. 

2. Gavin, bishop of Galloway, — for 
whom vide art. Inchgottrick. 

1. Daughter, Isobel, married to Ro- 
bert Hamilton of Dalserf. 

2. Daughter, married to Robert 
Hamilton of Barncluith. 

3. Daughter, married to Cleland of 

4. Daughter, married to Baillie of 

Nisb. Her. ii. 5. Marjory, married to David Dundas 
pp ' of Duddingstoun. 

Com. Rec. ?• Margaret, married to John Rober- 

toun, brother of James Robertoun of 
Ernoch. The contract of marriage was 
dated at Blantyre Kirk, 16th May, 
1594. Her brother, John of Orbis- 
toun, was her cautioner and witness to 
the deed. 


V. John Hamilton of Orbistoun. Wishaw MS. 
From his attachment to the Hamilton 
family, lie shared in all its misfortunes. 
During the regency of the Earl of Mor- 
ton, his property was confiscated, and 
he was driven into banishment. He re- 
turned with the exiled lords in 1585, 
when they drove from the king's pre- 
sence those wicked and despicable 
minions who had so long usurped the 
royal favour. 

He had a grant, in 1604, from his chalm. Caled. 
brother Gavin, at that time provost of 1 "' 65U " 
Bothwell, of the lands of Orbistoun 
and the mill, — the lands of Cairnbrew, 
Unthank, Stevenstoun, Alderstoun, 
Carphiu, Jervistoun, Richard-Johns- 
toun, and Kirklie, in the barony of 
Bothwell, in fee-farm and heritage. 

He married Christian, daughter of„r ,, ,, 

o Wood s Peer- 

Robert Dalziel of that Ilk, ancestor of a S e > '• 311. 

the Earls of Carnwath ; by whom he 

had issue : 

1. John, his heir, afterwards Sir 

2. James, the first of Dalziel, whose 
descendants carried on the line of the 

3. Captain Gavin Hamilton. 

1. Daughter, Marion, married to 
James Hamilton of Bangour. 

2. Daughter, Margaret, married to 
John Walkinshaw of that Ilk. 1 

John of Orbistoun died about 1621, 
and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

VI. Sir John Hamilton of Orbis- 
toun, who had a precept of dare con- 
stat, from Mag r Robert Boyd, provost 
of the Collegiate Church of Bothwell, 


of the lands of Orbistoun, &c. dated the 
5th December 1621. He was served 
heir to his father in all his lands, 22d 
February 1623. 
Mag. Si-*. Lib. He had a charter of the lands of Or- 
bistoun, &c. dated 28th November 1635, 
and another charter, under the] great 
seal, " Domino Johanni Hamilton de 
Orbistoun, militi, tenandria de Provan, 
in vicecomitatu de Lanark, de novo 
unit. &c. dated 16th January 1638. 

He was a man of singular merit and 
extraordinary accomplishments ; which 
is sufficiently instructed by Bishop Bur- 
net's printed letters, &c. 

He was appointed one of the senators 
of the College of Justice, and afterwards 
Lord Justice Clerk, which appears by 
another charter, — " Domino Johanni 
Hamilton, militi, Justiciariae Clerico, 
terrarum dominij de Erskine, in vice- 
comitatibus de Renfrew et Dunbar ton, 
de novo unit." dated 24th December 

He married, first, Rachel, daughter 
of James Bonar of Rossie, in Fife, by 
whom he had only two daughters : 

1. Christian, married to John Rober- 
toun of Ernock. 

2. Agnes, who, along with her sister 
Mag. Sig. Lib. Christian, had a charter, under the 

great seal, of an annualrent furth of the 
lands of Provan, dated 24th July 1657. 
Sir John married, secondly, Margaret, 
daughter of Sir John Henderson of 
Fordel, by whom he had issue : 

lix. No. 73. 

1. Sir James, his heir. dalziel. 

1. Daughter, Margaret, married to~" 
Colonel Sir William Lockhart of Lee, 
and had issue — only one son. 

2. Bethia, married to James Hamil- 
ton of Woodhall. 

3. Daughter, married to her cousin 
Sir John Henderson of Fordel. 

4. Daughter, married to Hugh Craw- 
ford of Jordanhill. 

VII. Sir James Hamilton of Or- 
bistoun, who married Jean, daughter 
of Ludovic Houstoun of that Ilk, by 
whom he had issue : 

1. William, his heir. 

2. James, writer to the signet, who 
died without issue. 

1. Daughter, married to Blair of 

Sir James died in 1664, and was Com. Rec. 
succeeded by his son, 

VIII. William Hamilton of Or- 
bistoun, who had a charter — " Willi- Mag. Sig. Lib. 

, tV . u „,. . . . lviii. No. 370. 

elmo Hamilton, fiho legitimo natu max- 

imo Domini Jacobi Hamilton de Or- 
bistoun, militi, terrarum dominij de 
Erskine," &c— dated 4th March 1664. 

He had also a charter of the lands Ibid- lib.'xxvi. 
and barony of Kilpatrick in Dunbarton- 

He was appointed sheriff of Dun- 9 ha '™„ CuleJ - 

in. 869. 

bartonshire on the 16th June 1604, with 
power to nominate deputies but not 
clerks. The Earl of Wigtouu and the 

" This property was alienated, in 1638, to Sir John of Orbistoun, by John, Earl of Mar. It 
continued in the family until his grandson William sold it to Walter, Lord Blantyre, in 1703, 



UAi.ziKt.. Marquis of Montrose were his imme- 
diate predecessors in that office. 
Wood's iver- He married Lady Elizabeth Cun- 
age, i. 638. ninghame, * daughter of William, ninth 
Earl of Glencairn, Lord High-Chancel- 
lor of Scotland, by whom he had issue : 
ibid. ii. :jii. 1. James, his apparent heir, who 
married Henrietta MaeGill, Viscountess 
of Oxfurd; but he died before his father, 
without issue. 

William of Orbistoun had several 
other children, who all died before their 
father, and he himself dying without 
surviving issue, in him ended the whole 
male issue of Sir John, Lord Justice 
Clerk : the representation therefore de- 
volved upon the descendants of his bro- 
ther James, to whom we now return. 

VI. James Hamilton of Dalzicl, 
second son of John Hamilton of Orbis- 
toun, acquired a considerable estate. 

Mug. Sig.'Lib. He obtained from King Charles the 
Second a charter, under the great seal, 
" Jacobo Hamilton de Dalziel, terrarum 
de Cambuslang," &c. dated 31st Aug. 

in Canceiiaria He was originally designed of Boggs, 
as appears from a charter granted dur- 
ing Cromwell's usurpation, " to James 
Hamilton of Boggs, of the barony of 
Dalziel," dated 26th August 1647. 

He married Jean, daughter of Sir 
John Henderson of Fordel, by whom he 
had a numerous issue : 

1. Alexander, his heir. 

2. Robert, the first of Monkland. 

3. James, the first of Boggs. His 
tenth and youngest son, Sir David Ha- 
milton, was chief physician to Queen 

1. Daughter, Anne, married to David Baronage, 459. 
Boswcll of Auchinleck, and had issue. 

James of Dalziel died in the month Com. IUcGIus. 
of February 1668, as appears from his 
registered testament, 11th Dec. 1669. 

VII. Alexander Hamilton of Dal- Mag. sig. Lib. 

• , , , i , r ■ , ! i lxiii - No> I49 - 

ziel, who had a charter of the lands and 

barony of Dalziel, dated 24th May 1671. 

He married Bethia, daughter of Sir 

William Henderson of Fordel, by whom 

he had issue : 

1. James, his heir. 

2. William of Greenhead. 

1. Daughter, Jean, married to Charles 
Stewart of Dunearn, Esq., descended of 
the Earls of Moray, and was mother to 
James Stewart, Esq. Lord Provost of 
Edinburgh ; and several daughters ho- 
nourably married. 

2. Elizabeth, married to Alexander 
MacDougall of Corrochtree. 

Alexander of Dalziel died in 1692, 
and was succeeded by his son, 

VIII. James Hamilton of Dalziel. '™i- Ret. Lan. 
. e 398. 

He was retoured heir to his father on 

the 18th March 1692, in the barony of 

Dalziel, the half lands of Dalziel, called 

Dalziel-Nesbit, with the patronages of 

the churches and chapels of the same, 

within the parishes of Hamilton and 

Dalziel, united to the barony of Dalziel. 

« She survived her husband, and was matrimonially contracted to William Fullarton of that 
Ilk in Ayrshire ; but, before the marriage could be solemnized, she was taken suddenly ill and 
died. — Rob. Gen. of Cunninghame, ii. 114. 


He married, in 1693, Margaret, eldest 
daughter of Sir Archibald Hamilton of 
Rosehall, Bart, by whom he had issue : 

1. Archibald, his heir. 

2. James, of Muirhouse and Brown- 
castle, appointed, in 1722, collector of 
taxes for the co. of Lanark. 

1. Elizabeth, married to Major John 
Robertoun of Ernock, and had issue. 

2. Margaret, born 22d Feb. 1700, 
died at Muirhouse, 7th April 1797, setat. 

3. Jean, married to James Robertoun 
of Bedley on 20th July 1727, and died 
in April 1784, retat. 83. 

4. Anne, born 16th January 1703, 
died unmarried at Muirhouse, 15th 
April 1796, setat. 94. 

5. Violet, died unmarried at Orbis- 

IX. Archibald Hamilton of Dal- 
ziel, who succeeded to the estate of 
Rosehall, as heir of entail to his grand- 
father, Sir Archibald, upon failure of 
the issue of his uncles Sir James and 
Sir Hugh. 

He married, 19th March 1732, 
Marion, eldest daughter of Hugh Dal- 
rymplc of Dromore, one of the senators 
of the College of Justice, and descended 
of the family of Stair ; by whom he had 
issue : 

1. James, his heir, born in 1733. 

2. John, who succeeded to the estate, 
born in 1742. 

3. Robert, born in 1746, died at Dal- 
ziel, on 6th June 1790, unmarried. 

1. Anne, born in 1734, died at Dal- 
ziel 20th July 1793, unmarried. 

2. Margaret, married to William 
Lawson, Esq. of Cairnmuir in Tweed- 
dale, and had issue one son and three 
daughters: she died at Dalziel 21st 
February 1773. 

3. Henrietta, died at Dalziel, 16th 
March 1775, unmarried. 

Archibald, of Dalziel and Orbistoun, 
died at Dalziel 28th December 1774. 
His lady survived him and died at Dal- 
ziel 28th December 1779. 

X. James Hamilton of Dalziel was 
served heir to his father in the lands of 
Dalziel, &c. in 1774. He died at Dal- 
ziel 6th December 1814, in his 81st 
year, and, being unmarried, he was suc- 
ceeded by his brother, 

X. John Hamilton of Dalziel, a 
General in the Army. 

He married Miss Anne Mathews, only 
daughter of Dr Mathews, by whom he 
had issue : 

1. Archibald-James, his heir, born 
28th October 1793. 

2. Robert, born 7th August 1796. 

1. Marion,hom 10th December 1791, 
married to Lieutenant-Colonel David 
Rattray. She died 1st May 18 18, leaving 
issue two sons, William and John, and 
one daughter, Marion- Anne-Eliza. 

Mrs General Hamilton died at Clif- 
ton in November 1815. 

XL Archibald-James Hamilton, 
younger of Dalziel. He entered the 
army at an early age, and served in the 
4th Dragoons in Portugal, Spain, and 
France, during the years 1812, 1813, 



dalziel. and 1814; and in the 2d Regiment of 
™ Dragoons, or Scots Greys, at the battle 
of Waterloo. 

He married Miss Ramsay, daughter 
of William Ramsay, Esq. Banker in 
Edinburgh, by whom he had issue, three 
children, two sons and a daughter, of 
whom one son survives. 

1. John F. Hamilton, born in 1819. 

Mrs Hamilton died at Cadiz on the 
24th Angust 1824, where she had stopt 
in the course of a voyage undertaken for 
the recovery of her health ; in which 
voyage she was accompanied by her 
husband and other relatives. 

Arms. — First and fourth, gules, an 
annulet, Or, between three cinquefoils, 
ermine, for Orbiston ; second and third, 
gules, a mollet, argent, between three 
cinquefoils, ermine, a rose proper, in 
chief, argent, for Rosehall. 

Supporters. — On the dexter side, 
an antelope, proper, gorged with ducal 
crown, and chains thereto affixed, Or ; 
on the sinister ssde, a savage, proper, 
wreathed, holding in sinister a club. 

Crest. — An antelope, proper, gorged, 
with ducal crown and chains appended. 

Motto. — " Quis Occursabit." 



Nisb. Her. i. 

dechmont. I. The first of this family, which 
Nisbet says was descended from the 
Hamiltons of Torrence, met with in re- 
cords, is Robert Hamilton of Dech- 

Acts of Pari. mont. In 16G1, l:e was commissioner 
of supply for the co. of Linlithgow. On 
the 11th November 1663, he obtained 
from the Duke of Hamilton, as superior, 
a sasine for a piece of waste ground ad- 
joining the town of Bo'ness. The same 

Purl. R.c. year he was nominated one of the justices 
of the peace for the co. of Linlithgow. 
In 1683, 20th February, he granted as- 
signation of a bond for 1007. to his son 
John Hamilton. He is designed, in this 
deed, Major Robert Hamilton. He was 
succeeded by the said, 

II. John Hamilton of Dechmont, In l- Ret - Lin - 

who, on the 19th October 1683, is re- 
toured heir to his father, Major Robert, 
of the half of the lands of the barony of 
Dechmont. In 1685 he was appointed Pari. Rec. 
one of the commissioners of supply for 
the co. of Linlithgow. On the 20th 
November 1717, it appears from his tes- 
tament dative, that he assigned the fore- 
said bond in favour of his executor- 
creditor, Alexander Hamilton, Writer 
to the Signet, (second son of James Ha- 
milton of Pencaitland, Lord Pencait- 
land,) who obtained a charter of the 
lands and barony of Dechmont, dated 
26th July 1714. Alexander Hamilton 
is subscriber to Wodrow's Church His- 
tory in 1721, when he is designed of 


Nisb. Her. i. 

Dechmont. He afterwards succeeded, 
on the death of his brother John, to the 
Pencaitland estate, and carried on the 
line of that family. 

Arms. — Gules, a man's heart en- 
vironed with two hollin branches dis- 

posed orleways, Or, between three dechmont. 
cinquefoils, argent. 

Crest. — A hand holding a heart, 

Motto. — " No heart more true." 




Mag. Sig.Lib. 
xlvi. No. 347. 

Craw. Gen. 
Coll. MS. Adv. 

Wood's Peer. 
age, i. 2. 

I. The Hon. Sir Claud Hamilton 
of Shawfield, second son of Lord Claud 
Hamilton, commendator of Paisley, was 
the first of this family. Some notices 
concerning him have been already stated 
at p. 188 of this Work. 

He was also commendator of Paisley, 
which he resigned in favour of his 
brother James, Master of Paisley, and 
first Earl of Abercorn. 

He had a charter to himself and Janet 
Hamilton, his spouse, of the lands of 
Shawfield, &c. near Rutherglen, dated 
28th June 1611. 

He married, first, a daughter of 
Robert Hamilton of Leckprevick, by 
whom he does not appear to have had 
any issue. 

He married, secondly, Janet, daugh- 
ter and heiress of Sir Robert Hamilton 
of Manor-Elieston, in co. Tyrone, by 
whom he had issue : 

1. Sir William, his heir. 

2. Alexander. 

3. Robert. 

4. George. 

5. Claud. 

6. James. 

1. Grizzel, married to Sir William Nisb. Her. i. 
Baillie of Lamington. Ap ' ,39 - 

2. , married the Laird of Gor- 


II. Sir William Hamilton of Manor- Mag. Sig. Lib. 
Elieston and Shawfield, who had a char- 
ter under the great seal of the lands of 
Shiells and Leckprevick, united to the 
barony of Leckprevick, dated 28th June 

He was retoured heir to his father, lnq. llet. Lan. 
Sir Claud, 12th May 1632, in the lands 175 ' 
of Shawfield, the church-lands of Ruther- 
glen, &c, which of old belonged to the 
Abbey of Paisley. In 1633, he sold the 
tiends, parsonage and vicarage, of Quhit- 
tinghame in Berwickshire, to Sir Arthur 




elieston Douglas of Quhittinghame, Knt. He 
""had issue by his first wife : 

1. James. 

2. William. 
1. Sarah. 


And by his second wife, Beatrix 

1. Claud. 

2. Archibald. 

He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

Acts of Pari. III. Sir James Hamilton of Manor- 

Elieston, who, in 1678, was a commis- 
sioner of supply for the co. of Lanark. 

He sold the estate of Shawfield to 
Mr John Ellis, advocate, and removed 
to Ireland. 

He was married to Cecil Dalmahoy, Craw. Gun. 
and had issue. His daughter, Margaret, i jlb '_ 
married Walter Innes of Ortoun. Baronage, 79. 

Ure, in his History of Rutherglen, p. 
28, says that their seat was at the castle 
of Rutherglen, which had been de- 
molished by the Regent Murray after 
the battle of Langsyde all but one tower, 
which, with some additions and im- 
provements, they made their residence, 
but at the time he wrote, anno 1792, it 
was decayed and in ruins. 




of Douglas's 
Peerage, i. 694-. 

This family, which is erroneously 
on stated by Douglas and Wood to be 
sprung from David, second son of Sir 
John Hamilton of Cadyow, is a cadet 
of the house of Preston ; a descent which 
is confirmed not only by the tradition 
of the family of Ellershaw, and the pedi- 
grees of Preston, but by the testimony 
of the best informed genealogists. 
Lib. Thus, Mr William Hamilton of Wi- 
sh aw, who wrote after the middle of the 
17th century, in his " Description of 
the Sherrifdome of Lanark," when 
speaking of the parish of Crawford, says, 
" upward in this parish, upon the water 
of Dair, there is ane new house, built 

MS. Ad 
p. 24. 

by John Hamilton of Ellerscbaw, de- 
scended of the family of Preston." 

The pedigrees of the house of Preston 
state the descent from John, a younger 
son of Sir John Hamilton, the fourth of 
that name, the same who is mentioned 
in the mortification by his nephew, Sir 
Robert, to the Monastery of Melrose, 
27th July 1460. 

Though it has been found impossible 
to procure a detailed genealogy of this 
branch, the following notices of most of 
its representatives may be stated. 

Anno 1476, 12th July, John Hamil- Acla Au j. p . 
ton of Ellershaw. 


1507. — Adam Hamilton of Ellershaw. Acta Dom. 

Con. 19. p. 93. 


Acta Horn. Con. 
vol. xxxv. p. 


Privy Seal Reg 
vol. xlviii. fol« 

Orig. Reg. of 

Abr. Ret. 
Lan. 359. 

Inq Gen. 72.32, 

1513. — " Adam Hamilton, son and 
aire of umqubile John Hamilton of 
Ellershaw. Margaret Bell, relict of the 
said John." 

15S1. — John Hamilton of Ellershaw. 

The said John had a gift of escheat, 
dated 22d March 1581. 

31st August 1611. — William Hamil- 
ton of Ellershaw, who was one of the 
jury on the inquest of retour of Hubert 

1683, November 6th, John Hamil- 
ton of Ellershaw retoured as heir of 
William Hamilton of Ellershaw his 
father, in the lands of Ellershaw and 
Whyteholme, in the lordship of Craw- 
ford-Douglas, alias Crawford-Lindsay. 

1692, April 28th, John Hamilton of 

of Tests. 
TO. of 

Ellershaw retoured as heir of John Ha- ellershaw. 
milton, son of Robert Hamilton, brother- ' 
german of William Hamilton, his 
(John's) paternal uncle's son. 

1696. — Testament of John Hamilton p. 
of Ellershaw, brother-german of thejj 
William Hamilton of Ellersha™tffThe 
date of the testament is 23d^Kmuary 
1689; confirmed 12th FebrJfry 1696. 
In it are mentioned " Johj/Hamilton, 
now of Ellershaw," the testator's cousin- 
german, William Hamilton, brother to 
this last John, Lucie Hamilton, their 
sister-german, and Sarah, the testator's 
natural sister. 

This family only failed towards the 
end of last century. 



fairholm. The original ancestor of this branch 
..„ tT . was Allan Hamilton, fourth son of 

MS. H:st. of 

the Family of Thomas Hamilton of Darngaber, who 

Torrance, T __ ., 

Penes Gilkcrs- was third son of Sir John Hamilton, 
clcl ' sh - the fourth Baron of Cadyow. 

The next we find is Allan Hamilton 
of Fairholm, who is mentioned in the 
Acta Dominorum Concilii, p. 277, of 
date 8th February 1492, as proprietor 
of half of the lands of Newton of Strath- 

MS. Penes £ PATRICK HAMILTON of Fairholm, 

Dm. Belhaven, h wag a firm adherent of the family 

et MS. Penes * 

Fairholm. f Hamilton, and suffered for his at- 

tachment, having been banished, and 
his estate forfeited, in the minority of 
James VI. 

He returned from exile, and his estates 
were restored to him in 1585. It is sup- 
posed he was father of 

II. Robert Hamilton of Fairholm, Genealogy of 
<< wryter and town Clk of Hamiltoun, Jg ^ » 
and wrt r to his Grace Duke James Ha- more than a 

century ago by 

milton, and general receiver of his rentsone of the 
from his chamberlains, and, after his de- carr ; et j on . 
cease, to William Duke of Hamilton." 

He married, 15th September 1639, 
Mary Rae, daughter of John Rae of 




fairholm. Auchingraymont, by Jean Roberton, 
"" daughter of Lord Bedlay, and had 

1. John, born 31st August 1640, " on 
qlk day ye Scottishe armie entered New- 
** castle in England." 

1. Jean, born in August 1642. 

2. Anna, born 2d August 1643. 
Ibid. He married, secondly, Rebecca, sister 

of John Hamilton of Raith, advocate, 
on the 1st July 1651, and had issue : 

1. Anna, born 25th April 1653, and 
died young. 

2. Robert, born 18th September 1654. 
Robert of Fairholm died in March 

1656; his spouse, Rebecca Hamilton, 
survived him, and liferented the estate. 
She died in February 1698, having en- 
joyed it forty-two years. 


III. John Hamilton of Fairholme, 
who, 23d May 1663, got a precept of dare 
constat from William and Anne, Duke 
and Duchess of Hamilton, as heir of his 
father, Robert. 

He married, 26th April 1664, Eliza- 
beth Crawford, daughter of John Craw- 
ford of Rochsolloch in the parish of 
Monkland, and had issue : 

1. Robert, born 20th Febrnary 1665, 
died in March 1666. 

2. James, born 13th February 1671, 
died 6th May 1675. 

3. Alexander, born 13th February 
1673, died young. 

1. Mary, born 30th April 1667, died 

2. Elizabethfhom 4th February 1669, 
married John Roberton, sheriff-clerk 
of Lanark, and had issue. 

3. Rebecca, born 2d August 1673, 
died 1st May 1675. 

His fust wife, Elizabeth Crawford, IM& 
died 5th June 1675. He married, 
second, 22d January 1679, Margaret 
Brown, eldest daughter of Andrew 
Brown, writer in Hamilton, and had 
issue : 

1. John, born 25th November 1679. 

2. William, born 16th June 1681, 
died 16th February 1682. 

3. James, born 31st March 1686, died 
17th February 1694. 

4. Robert, born 24th March 1688, 
died 13th May 1694. 

1. Margaret, born 18th November 
1683, died 16th February 1686. 

2. Maria, born 11th October 1684. 

3. Margaret, born 25th October 1689. 

4. Anna, born 26th April 1693. 
John of Fairholme died 14th October 

1696. His spouse, Margaret Brown, 
survived him until 31st Jidy 1703. 

IV. John Hamilton of Fairholm, ibid. 
writer in Hamilton, and baillie of the re- 
gality and Dukedom of Hamilton. He 
had a precept of dare constat from Duke 
William, and Duchess Anne, as heir of 
his father, John, of date 7th June 1704. 
He married Margaret Roberton, eldest 
daughter of John Roberton, sheriff- 
clerk of Lanark, on the 5th September 
1706. They had issue : 

1. John, born 3d October 1708, died 
the ensuing month. 

2. James, born 24th January 1710, 
died of the chincough, the 3d May 1711. 

% John, born 11th December 1711, 
died at Barncluith 18th June 1713. 




4. Robert, born 28th October 1713, 
died of tbe small-pox 16th July 1716. 

5. Charles, who succeeded his father, 
was born 31st April 1716. 

1. Margaret, born 21st June 1717. 
Sbe was married to Robert, only son of 
Baillie Wilson of Hamilton, and died, at 
Edinburgh, 14th November 1800. 

2. Rabina, born 18th January 1722, 
married Mr Alexander. She died in 
childbed about 1760. 

John of Fairholm died 14th January 
1726. His spouse, Margaret Roberton, 
died 17th May 1751. 

V. Major Charles Hamilton of 
Fairholm, who had a precept of dare con- 
stat, as heir of his father, John, of date 
1st August 1735. He was for a con- 
siderable time one of the magistrates of 
Hamilton. He died suddenly, at Fair- 
holm, 18th May 1776, and was suc- 
ceeded by his son, 

VI. Chakles Hamilton of Fairholm, 
who married, 21st October 1797, Miss 
Anne Scriviner, by whom he had issue : 

1. Charles, born at Edinburgh 21st 
May 1799 ; died of the measles, after 
fourteen days' illness, in 1817. 

2. John, born 2d March 1804. 

3. James, born 4th February 1807. 
1. Anne, born at Fairholm, 25th 

August 179,8 ; married to Colonel Peter fairholm. 
Maxwell of the 7th Dragoon Guards, ~ 
who died in 1820 ; she was married, 

secondly, to _, writer in 


2. Hannah, born 9th September 1801, 
died young. 

3. Jacobina,hom IstDecember 1802. 

4. Harriet - Eliza, born 11th July 
1805, died 10th January 1817. 

5. Frances, born 10th July 1808. 

6. Charlotte, born 18th November 

7. Jane-Muirhead, born 4th February 

8. Caroline-Susan, born 9th March 
1812, died young. Their mother died 
atFairholm, 6th October 1813, and their 
father, Charles Hamilton of Fairholm, 
died at Edinburgh, 2d December 1821, 
after a few days illness, and was succeed- 
ed by his eldest surviving son, 

VII. John Hamilton, now of Fair- 

Arms. — Gules, a mullet, argent, be- 
twixt three cinquefoils, ermine, all within 
a bordure, ermine. 

Crest. — A hawk rising, holding in 
his dexter paw a sword, all proper ; 
belled Or. 

Motto.—" T/tankful." 





I. Patrick Hamilton of Little 
Wood's Peer- Preston, the fourth son of Thomas Ha- 
milton of Priestfield, and brother of the 
first Earl of Haddington, was the an- 
cestor of this family. 

He was Under Secretary of State to 
his brother the Earl of Haddington. He 
commonly resided at court. The Earl 
gave him special instructions as to his 
conduct there, still extant in the posses- 
sion of Lord Haddington. 
Mag. Sig. Lib. He had a charter, under the great 

Ivii. No. 324. 

seal, " to Sir Patrick Hamilton of Little 
Preston, of the lands of Little Preston," 
dated 18th December 1643. He was 
commissioner to the Parliament in 1661 
for the co. of Edinburgh. 

He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Ninian Macmorran, merchant-burgess 
of Edinburgh, afterwards of Newhall. 
They had a charter, under the great seal, 
of a tenement in Leith, dated 25th July 
1615. By her he had issue : 

Patrick, his heir. 

1. Anne, married to James Hamilton 
of Westport, and had issue. 

2. Margaret, married to Sir Gideon 
Scott of Highchester. Her son, Walter, 
married Mary, Countess of Buccleugh, 
and was created Earl of Tarras for life. 

Douglas (Baronage, p. 216.) errone- 
ously calls her daughter of Sir Thomas 
Hamilton of Preston. 

Ibid. Lib. xlvii 

No. 282. 

Nisb. Her. ii. 
Ap. 38. 

Craw. Gen. 
Coll. MS. 
Adv. Lib. 

II. Patrick Hamilton of Little Inq. Ret. Ed. 
Preston, who was retoured, 20th Feb. 

1662, heir to Sir Patrick, his father, in 
the lands of Little Preston, within the 
regality of St Andrews, &c. Also heir 
to his father in the lands and barony of Inq- R *t- Ed- 
Braid, dated 10th April 1678. 

He had a charter, under the great Mag- Sig. Lib. 
seal, of the lands of Little Preston, &c. 
dated 31st January 1668. 

He married the Hon. Elizabeth Mac- Wood's Peer- 
Gill, daughter of the first Viscount Ox- age ' LL 346 - 
fnrd, by whom he had issue : 

1. Colonel Thomas, his heir. 

1. Daughter, Jean, born 2d February 

III. Colonel Thomas Hamilton ofMag. sr*. Lib. 

T »i-n i-n-i ttii Ixxxii. No. 102. 

Little l J reston and .bala. He had a 
charter, under the great seal, of the pa- 
tronage of the hospital of St Leonard's 
in Ednam, co. of Roxburgh, dated 24th 
July 1706. 

He married Elizabeth Stewart of the 
house of Grandtully, by whom he had 
issue : 

1. Thomas, his heir. 

1. Daughter, Elizabeth, married to 
Malcolm Gibson, Esq., a son of the fa- 
mily of Durie. 

IV. Thomas Hamilton MacGill 
of Fala and Oxford, who succeeded, as 


heir of entail, to the Oxfurd property 
on the death of his aunt, the Hon. Mrs 
Hamilton of Orbistoun, in 1758, and 
died 18th October 1779. 

He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Sir John Dalrymple of Cousland, Bart., 
and by her had issue one daughter. 

V. Elizabeth Hamilton MacGill, 
who married, 7th October 1760, her 
cousin, Sir John Dalryniple, Bart., who 
was designed Sir John Dalrymple Ha- 
milton MacGill of Cousland, Cranston, 

and Oxfurd, and died in 1810. Their 
eldest surviving son, 

VI. Sir John Dalrymple, Bart., a 
Major-General in the army, is the heir 
of line, entail and provision of the Vis- 
counts of Oxfurd. 

Arms of the Hamiltons of Little 
Preston, were, gales, on a chevron, be- 
twixt three cincpaefoils, argent, as many 
buckles azure. 

Crest. — A greyhound's head, and 
neck couped, proper collared, gules, and 
garnished, Or. 



ferguslee. The ancestor of this family was John 

Hob. Hist. Ren. Hamilton, third son of John Hamilton 

p - 90 of Orbistoun. In 1544 he obtained a 

grant of the lauds of Ferguslee from 

John Hamilton, abbot of Paisley, with 

consent of the convent. 

On the 24th February 1585-6, Allan 
Hamilton of Ferguslee, and Margaret, 
his sister, are mentioned in the commis- 
sary records of Glasgow. 

In 1588, 25th August, Robert Ha- 
milton of Ferguslee is mentioned in the 
same records. 

In 1630 John Hamilton of Ferguslee, Rob. Hist. Ren. 
had a daughter, Margaret, married to 
John Wallace of Kelly. 

John Hamilton of Barr, had a Mag. Sig. Lib. 
charter, under the great seal, of the 
lands of Ferguslee, dated 31st January 

William Hamilton had a charter ibid. Lib. Uvii. 
of the lands of Ferguslee, dated 6th gcou Acts of 
August 1678. He was a commissioner Pari - ™" 46a 
of supply for the co. of Renfrew in 1685. 

FINGALTOUN, vide Presto™. 





fynnart. I. Sir James Hamilton of Fynnart, 
— natural son of the first Earl of Arran, 
was the founder of this once-powerful 
and opulent family. 

He was a person of great considera- 
tion and influence at the court of James 
the Fifth, and a great favourite of that 
high-spirited monarch. 

Some notices of him have heen al- 
ready detailed under the head of the 
first Earl of Arran, and the Duke of 
Chatelherault, to which I refer the 

James the Fifth appointed him cup- 
bearer and steward of the royal house- 
hold, and superintendant of the royal 

palaces and castles. Under his au- 
spices the two palaces of Falkland and 
Linlithgow were erected, monuments of 
the national taste of that age. The 
castles of Edinburgh, Stirling, Rothsay, 
&c. were re-edified or adorned by his 
genius ; and his Sovereign, whose fine 
taste in architecture, sculpture, and 
painting, justly led him to appreciate the 
merits and the services of Sir James, 
rewarded him with several grants of 
land. Besides these gifts of his Sove- 
reign, he acquired many valuable lands 
and baronies, in property or superiority, 
an enumeration of which will be found 
in the note below. * 

Mag. S 
xiv. No, 

ig. Lib 
. 483. 

— xxi. 

— xxi. 

— xxi. 

— xii. 

— xxi. 

— xxii. 

— xxiv 

— 46. 

— 94. 

— 121. 

— 122. 

— 135. 

. — 208. 
— 21. 

- XXV. 

v — 252. 

— 286. 

— 26. 

• Charter of confirmation under the great seal, " Jacobo Hamilton, Jilio naturali Jacobi Comitis 
de Arane, terrarum de Fynnart," dated 3d November 1507. 

" terrarum de Pleuehlands ," in Lanarkshire, temp. Jac. V. 

" terrarum de Boghouse ct Fairholme," in Lanarkshire, dated 11th August 1526. 

" terrarum de Quhiterig," in co. Stirling, dated 8th October 1526. 

A « terrarum de Bardowie, Howthcard," &c. in co Dunbarton, dated 19th November 1586. 

" terrarum regis de Houstoun, Drumcross," &c. in co. Linlithgow, dated 1 4th October 


" terrarum de Magdalen's lands;' &c. co. Linlithgow, dated 22d December 1596. 

to him and Margaret Livingston, his spouse, " dimidietatis baronice de Ochittrie, baronia de 

Symontoun ct Barneweill, dimidietatis baroniw de Crawfurdjohn, cum officio Ficecomitis de Ren- 
frew, baroniai de Ochiltrie unit-" dated 13th January 1530. 

This half barony of Ochiltreie was acquired from Sir James Colville in exchange for the lands 
of Easter Wemyss. 

" terrarum de Croft hill, Eisterwood, Wolbratis et Stobwood," in Lanarkshire, dated 7th 

June 1532. 

" Ballivatus officii baronice de Lesmakagow," dated 17th September 1532, which was 

granted to him by the monks of Kelso. 

" terrarum de Crag," co. of Lanark, dated 1st February 1532. 

" terrarum de Hakeheid, Linbank, Rylands et Nethertoun et Overtoun de Strathaven," 

co. of Lanark, dated 27th June 1533. 


His estates, in extent and value, 
equalled those of the first barons in the 
land, and few of the nobility appeared 
at court with such a numerous and 
splendid retinue. He had castles and 
houses in different parts of the kingdom, 

and his rebuilding the castle of Craig- 
nethan of itself shows the extent of his " 
opulence and his power. 

Fynnart, the first of his possessions, 
was given to him by his father, while yet 
a very young man. This barony formed 

Mag. Sig. Lib. 
xxv. No. 27. 

— xxv. — 37. 

— xxv. — 50. 

— xxv. — 68. 

— xxv 147. 

— xxv. — 148. 

— xxv. — 149. 

— xxv. — 150. 

— xxv.— 151 

— xxv. — 152 

Charter " terrarum de KUtiemuir," co. of Lanark, dated 30th June 1533. 

— " terrarum de Glengavel," co. of Lanark, dated 18th August 1533. 

— " terrarum de Eister Letkame," co. of Lanark, dated 16th May 1533. 

— " terrarum de Corsfurd lie under the bank," dated 30th December 1533. 
i " terrarum de Sandiehohne et Broome," co. of Lanark, dated 1st May 1531. 

" baroniw de Evandale," co. of Lanark, dated 2d September 1534. The barony of Evan- 
dale formed part of the forfeited lands of the Douglasses. In 1456 it was erected into a barony in 
favour of Andrew Stewart, Lord Evandale, grandson of Murdoch, Duke of Albany, about which 
time he built the castle of Evandale. His son, Andrew, second Lord Evandale, having a feud with 
some of the neighbouring barons, and wishing to live at a distance from them, excambied Evandale 
for Ochiltrie, with Sir James. 

— " terrarum de Cauldstream, Netherfielddyke et Muirburnbank ," co. of Lanark, dated 2d 
September 1534. 

— " terrarum de Tyrrelgynnis, Corslet, Rillauch, Colquhallan et Auchinloch," co. of Ayr, 
dated 10th September 1534. 

" terrarum de Peill Tliorntoun," co. of Lanark, dated 2d September 1534. 

" terrarum de lie Ovir et Nether Mains de Avendaill, cum castro," co. of Lanark, dated 2d 

September 1534. 

xxv 230. " terrarum de Newloun et Braconrig," co. of Lanark, dated 27th September 1535. 

X xv. 239. " terrarum de Bruntwood et Tulloch," co. of Ayr, dated 14th December 1535. 

xxv 210. — " terrarum de Kincavel, et officii vicecomitis de Linlithgow," dated 10th December 1535. 

XIV _ 317, " terrarum et baronia? de Kilmernock et terrarum de Narisioun, baronio? de Kilmernock 

unit." temp. Jac. V. These lands were excambied for the half of the lands of Crawfordjohn, the 

other half having been in his possession before. 
X x V , 232. " J a cobo Hamilton, militi, Regis principali Dapifero, alias Sewar, baroniarum de Avendale, 

Crawfurdjohn, Quhiterig, Gorgy, Sjc. in baronia de Avendale unit.," dated 21st April 1536. 

X xvi 170. " terrarum de Glenkip," co. of Lanark, dated 22d June 1538. 

xxvi 207. " terrarum de Libbertoun," co. of Lanark, dated 3d January 1538. 

xxvi 208. — — " terrarum de Meidhope et Mannerstoun," co. of Linlithgow, dated 3d January 1538. 

xxvi. — 210- " castri de Nauthane et terrarum ejusdem, Corsfurde, Sjt: et bullivatus officii baronia? de 

Lesmahagow," dated 4th January 1538. 

xxvi 332. " tsrrarum de Lekprevy," co. of Lanark, dated 1st December 1539- 

— xxvi 333. " terrarum de Scheilsde Kilbryde," co- of Lanark, dated 6th December 1539. 

— xxvi 337- " terrarum foresta? et mora: de Bothwcll," dated 6th December 1539. 

— xviii.— 136. " Legitimatio Jacobi Hamilton de Fynnart, militis, filij naturalis Jacobi Comitis Aranice,'' &c. 

dated 20th January 1512—13. 
— xxvi. —438. " Legitimatio Jacobi Hamilton de Fynnart, militis, bastardi filij naturalis quond. Jacobi Araniit 
Comitis, et trium suorum filiorum," dated 2d November 1539. The names of these three sons 
were Andrew and James, procreated betwixt him and Mariot Stewart, and Alexander. 

In 1 528, James Knolls, Canon of Ross, and Preceptor of the Hospitium of St Lazarus in the town 
of Linlithgow, granted to Sir James, the whole lands which belonged to the establishment of this 
house, and this grant was confirmed by James the Fifth. 


Chalm. Caled. 
ii. 874. 



FYNNAirr. part of the lauds of the Douglasses, by 
whom it was lost by forfeiture in 1455, 
and conferred on Lord Hamilton in 
1457. It passed away from Sir James, 
on Ids own forfeiture in 1 540, and liis 
incensed Sovereign bestowed it on Alex- 
ander Shaw of Sauchie. 

In a settlement which was made of 
the Hamilton estates, dated 16th Janu- 
ary 1512-13, he was called the first to 
the succession, after the heirs-male to 
be procreated of the body of his father ; 
and on the 20th of the same month and 
year, the Earl, his father, obtained a 
legitimation for him, under the great 
seal, and for his two bastard uncles, 
John Hamilton of Brumehill, and Sir 
Patrick Hamilton of Kincavel, Knt. 

James the Fifth granted him liberty 
to add the double tressure, part of the 
royal arms, to his armorial bearings, the 
charter for which was dated 3d March 

Buchanan, the historian, and the pro- 
testant clergy of that period, have load- 
ed his memory with odium and reproach. 
They accused him of having, as Grand 
Inquisitor, been guilty of great severity 
and cruelty towards the Reformers. A 
Pinkeiton, ii. late writer has asserted that he never 
held this odious office. My opinion is, 
that his devotion to his Sovereign, who, 
towards the latter part of his reign, was 
wholly governed by the Catholic clergy, 
and his acquiescence in all their bloody 
measures, is the heaviest charge that 
can be established against him in this 

A cabal of his enemies paved the way, 
but it was the sudden aversion of his 

royal master, aided by the fears and the 
resentment of a kinsman, that completed 
his downfal. Whether there was any 
foundation for the crimes alleged against 
him it is impossible now to determine ; 
but it cannot be forgot that his trial was 
hastened on in a most indecent manner; 
that the jury was chiefly composed of 
his personal enemies, who brought him 
in guilty. His execution was almost 
immediate, and his whole estates and 
possessions were confiscated to the 

He certainly was one of the most 
considerable men of that age. There 
were few examples in Scotland of the 
cadet of a powerful family almost out- 
rivalling, in splendour, opulence, and 
power, the original stock from whence 
lie sprung. His sudden and unexpected 
downfal produced a great impression at 
the time, and it is certain that King 
James regretted much his loss. It ap- 
pears that the recollection of his injustice 
haunted his mind; and the historians 
of that period minutely relate several 
frightful dreams of his Majesty, of which 
Sir James was the subject. 

Sir James married Margaret, only 
child and heiress of Sir Robert Living- 
stone of Easter Wemyss, by whom he 
had issue : 

1. Sir James, his heir. 

2. Andrew, who had a charter " An- Mag. Sig. Lib. 
dreffi Hamilton, filio Jacobi Hamilton™ 1- N ° " 6 ' 
de Fyunart, militis, terrarum de Ovir 

Snar et Glenkip," dated 26th October 

1. Grizel, married to Andrew, fourth Woods Peer- 
Earl of Rothes, and had issue. 8Se ' iL 43a 


Lib. xxxii. 
No. *-20. 

Wood, ii. 508. 2. Agnes, married to James, sixth 

Lord Somerville, and had issue. She 
Mag. Sig. Lib. and her husband had a charter of part 

of the barony of Carnwath, dated 25th 

June 1550. 

3. , married to Alexander Dal- 

maboy of that Ilk. 

II. Sib James Hamilton of Evan- 
dale. In 1543 the family estates for- 
feited by his father were restored to him 
chiefly through the intercession of his 
relation the Duke of Chatelherault. 

He obtained a charter, under the great 
seal, " Jacobo Hamilton, militi, fdio 
quondam Jacobi Hamilton de Fynnart, 
militis, et Dominae Helena? Cunning- 
hame ejus sponsae, dominij de Evan- 
dale," dated 20th April 1565. 

He was high-sheriff of Lanarkshire, 
and accompanied his kinsmen to the 
unfortunate battle of Langsyde, where 
both he and his son were taken prisoners. 

When Captain Stewart, the usurper 
of the Hamilton estates, not content 
with these, continued to oppress all the 
gentlemen of the name, Sir James suf- 
fered equally with the others. A claim 
was made to his estates in 1585, and he 
and his son were summoned to quit the 
castle and lands of Draffan, which were 
restored to them not long afterwards. 

He married Helen Cunninghame, by 
whom he had issue : 

1. Sir James, his heir. 

2. John, of Gilkerscleugh, of vsbom 

3. Eleazar of Auchlochan. 

4. Robert of Phillipstoun. 

5. Hugh. 

6. Alexander of Netherfield. 

1. Agnes, married to William Chan- ^isb. Her. i 
cellor of Shieldhill. A P' 8t - 

2. Annabella, married to James Craw- Craw. Gen. 
ford of Ferme. 

III. Sir, James Hamilton of Lib- 
berton, who had a charter, under the M;1 g- S 'S- LiL >- 

xxxvii. No. 1S4. 

great seal, to him and Christian Boyd, 

and James, his eldest son, of the lands 

of Carstairs, dated 29th July 1588. 

He had another charter to the same ibid. 

destination of the baronies of Evandale, N ' " gcs" 

Crawfordjohn, and Carstairs; dated 4th 

October 1589. 

He married Christian, third daughter Wood's Peer- 

Afro n 3*1' 

of Robert, fourth Lord Boyd, by whom D 
he had issue : 

1. Sir James, his heir. 

2. Thomas of Columby, who had a Mag. Sig. Lib. 

i i , , „ , *'»'• No. 22J. 

charter, under the great seal, of the 

lands of Gallowhill and Goodisbume, 

dated 11th July 1610, and another of Ibid. 

the lands of Robertouu and Newholme438. 

in Lanarkshire, dated 4th July 1615. 

He died unmarried. 

1. Mary, married to Sir James Som-Mem. Som. ii. 

erville of Cambusnethan. 

Sir James died about 1605, and was 

succeeded by his son, 

IV. Sir James Hamilton of Craw- Wood's Peer- 
fordjohn, who married Lady Margaret ° ' 
Cunninghame, third daughter of James, 
seventh Earl of Glencairn, by whom he 
had several sons, who all died young, 
and one daughter, Jean. 

Lady Margaret afterwards married, 
and was the third wife of Sir James 
Maxwell of Calderwood. She was the 




Gen. MS. Hist 
penes Gilkers. 

sister of Anne, Marchioness of Hamil- 

The male issue of the Hamiltons of 
Evandale having thus failed, the repre- 
sentation devolved on the descendants 
of John Hamilton of Gilkerscleugh, he- 
fore mentioned, to whom we now re- 

III. John Hamilton of Gilkers- 
cleugh, second son of Sir James Hamil- 
ton of Evandale, obtained from James 
Lindsay of Fairgoith, a charter of the 
four-pound land of old extent of Gilkers- 
cleugh, wherein he is designed "frater 
Jacobi Hamilton de Libberton, militis," 
dated 5th May 1598. He also obtained 
charters of sundry lands in the parish 
of Crawfurdjohn, from his brother Sir 
James, and from his nephew. 

He married Margaret, daughter of 
James Hamilton of Neilsland, by whom 
he had issue : 

1. John, his heir. 

2. James. 

1. Anne, married to John Weir, 
minister of Morton. 

He died about 1629, and was suc- 
ceeded by, 

MS Hist. penes IV. JoHN HAMILTON of Gilkers- 

Gilker,cleugh. cleughj who married j eanj daughter of 
William Hamilton of Udston, by whom 
he had issue : 

1. William, his heir. 

2. James. 

He died about 1668 and was suc- 
ceeded by, 

V. William Hamilton of Gilkers- 

Sher. ltec. 

cleugh, who married, in 1 653, Margaret, 
daughter of Alexander Hamilton of 
Haggs, by whom he had issue : 

1. John, his heir. 

2. Alexander, who was a commis- 
sioner for the sale of prizes in Queen 
Anne's wars, by which he acquired a 
considerable fortune, the greater part 
of which he afterwards lost in the fa- 
mous South Sea Scheme. 

1. Jean, married to George Hume, 
minister of Selkirk. 

2. Lilias. 

3. Rachel. 

William died before 1679, and was 
succeeded by, 

VI. John Hamilton of Gilkers- ibid, 
cleugh, who, as representing the house 
of Evandale, carried the banner of that 
family, as one of the chief mourners, at 
the funeral of John Duke of Rothes, 
Lord High Chancellor of Scotland, on 
the 23d August 1681,— one of the most 
superb funeral processions that ever oc- 
curred in this country. 

He married Catherine, sixth daughter 
of James Hamilton of Westport, by 
whom he had issue : 

1. James, his heir. 

2. John, who died unmarried. 

3. Alexander, who settled at New 
Hamilton in Carolina. 

4. Charles of Spittlehaugh, who was Mag. Sig. Lib. 

_. . . . -nr , -r ,. xcvii. No. 34. 

a surgeon at Nevis m the West Indies. 
He had a charter, under the great seal, 
" To Charles Hamilton now of Spittle- 
haugh, second son of the deceased John 
Hamilton of Gilkerscleugh, of the lands 


Mag. Sig. 
Lib. cv. No. 

of Spittlehaugh in co. of Peebles," 
dated 12th February 1740. 

1. Anne, married to the Rev. Thomas 
Linning, minister of Walston. 

2. Helen, married to John MacQueen 
of Braxfield, by whom she had that emi- 
nent lawyer and judge, the late Lord 
Justice Clerk MacQueen, and several 
other sons and daughters. 

John of Gilkersheugh died in 1700. * 

VII. James Hamilton of Gilkers- 
cleugh, who had a charter, under the 
great seal, of the lands and barony of 
Monkland in 1753. He had another 
charter to him and Alexander his son, 
of the lands of Peddersburn in Lanark- 
shire, dated 23d February 1760. 

He married, first, Barbara, daughter 
of Mitchell of Ledath in Fife, by whom 
he had issue : 

1. Alexander, Ms heir. 

2. John, -j 

1. Elizabeth, V all died young. 

2. Catherine, J 

He married, secondly, Henrietta, 
daughter of William Wood, surgeon in 
Edinburgh, by whom he had no issue, 
and, dying at a very advanced age in 
1770, was succeeded by, 

VIII. Alexander Hamilton of 
Gilkerscleugh, well known for his 
knowledge and skill in agriculture. 

He married his cousin, Helen Mac- 

Qaeen, by whom he had issue, nine fynnart. 
sons and two daughters : 

1. James, who died young. 

2. John, a Captain in the Army, who 
served in America during the contest of 
Great Britain with her colonies, and 
died unmarried in 1788. 

3. Daniel, who succeeded to the 

4. Robert, who also served in America, 
during the whole of the revolutionary 
war. On the peace he applied himself 
to the study of the law, was appointed 
sheriff-depute of Lanarkshire, and pro- 
fessor of public law in the University 
of Edinburgh, and is now one of the 
principal clerks of session. 

He married, at Peebles, 27th De- 
cember 1805, Janet Hamilton Ander- 
son, daughter of John Anderson of 
Winterfield, Esq., and has no issue : 

5. Alexander, Captain of the Lady 
Hobart Packet. 

6. Charles, a merchant in Glasgow, 
married Isabella, daughter of Mr. John 
Campbell, merchant in Glasgow, and 
has issue. 

7. Stirling, Lieutenant in the 71st 
Regiment of Foot : he died on his pas- 
sage from India in the year 1797. 

8. Thomas, merchant in Glasgow, 
who married Elizabeth, youngest daugh- 
ter of John Parish, Esq. of Hamburgh, 
and has issue. 

9. James, writer to the signet, who 

« February 8th 1683, " John Hamilton of Gilkerscleugh was fined by the Council in 2000 inerks 
for his lady's being present at house conventicles, though nothing was to be laid to the gentleman's 
charge ; only it seems, in a former process raised against her, he had become caution for her good 
behaviour."— Wodrow's Church History, vol. ii. p. 284. 



married Harriet-Frances, the youngest 
daughter of Wynne, Esq. 

1. Helen, died young. 

2. Barbara, married first, Hugh Ro- 
bertson, Esq., clerk to the signet, to 
whom she had one daughter ; secondly, 
Colonel George Irving of the Royal 
Irish Artillery. 

Alexander died in 1790, and was 
succeeded by his eldest surviving son, 

IX. Daniel Hamilton of Gilkers- 
cleugh, who married Harriet, second 
daughter of Walter Campbell of Shaw- 
field, Esq., by whom he had issue : 

1. Alexander-Henry, a Lieutenant in 
the Royal Navy, died in 1820. 

2. Walter. 
both in the 

East - India 

4. Georqe~William, ( ,-, , 

Co. s service. 

3. John-James, 

• I 

Ham, i 

5. Robert-Ker. 

1. Eleanora. 

2. Harriet-Carter. 

Daniel of Gilkerscleugh died in 1823, 
and was succeeded by bis eldest sur- 
viving son, 

X. Walter Hamilton, now of Gil- 
kerscleugh, an officer in the 78th Regi- 
ment of Foot. 

Arms. — Gules, three cinquefoils, er- 
mine, within a double tressure flowered 
and counter-flowered, argent. 

Crest. — Li a ducal coronet, Or, an 
oak tree, proper, penetrated transversely 
by a frame saw, proper, the frame Or. 

Supporters. — Two antelopes, ar- 
gent, their horns, ducal collars, chains 
and hoofs, Or. 

Motto.—" Through." 

GILKERSCLEUGH, vide Fynnart. 

GOSLINGTON, vide Silvertonhill. 

GRANGE, in Ayrshire, vide Cambuskeith. 




grange- Alexander Hamilton of the 


— Grange, and Isabella Hudson, his 

spouse, with their son and are apperand, 

Alexander, and Issobel Hog, his spouse, 

are mentioned in the Acta Auditorum, 

of date 13th December 1494. 

Alexander Hamilton, in le Grange, 

Mag. sig.Lib. had a charter, under the great seal, of 

ujJuL. Hc^i. the lands of Wei toun in Linlithgowshire, 

UtS - f ; of date 8th February 1524, 
ic-ya 2 6 dAv.^ .^Lffe Lj Jh*.* £~*i*>fc * ■Pa******* 

*jr ■ £ ^_ Sir John Hamilton of Grange had 
h^, o.U^.u. a sasine from James, Marquis of Ha- 
\V — -i",,' ^ milton, of a tenement in the town of 

(ft CrcU~ - 

/titx-ltm (P*/*** Borrowstounness, dated 20th February 

■X-*?' 1620. He had issue: 

<Muti h£~r- 1 • Sir James, his heir. 
*U-~ -j !^Wl<~ o Sir John Hamilton of Beircrofts, 
^^.Lu^u^- who, 17th June 1623, had a sasine 
for various houses in Borrowstounness. 

Inq. Ret. Lin. jjis daughter Anne was served heir to 
153. ° 

him, 16th May 1643, in the lands of 

Grange-Phillipston, &c. 

II. Sir James Hamilton of Grange. 
He had a sasine, 17th March 1631, of 
the lands of Little Carriden and Rous- 
land, giret/ Mm by Sir John, his 
Sccu Acts of He was appointed one of the com- 
mittee of war for the co. of Linlithgow 
in 1644. 

He married a daughter of the first Wood's Peer- 
Lord Forrester of Corstorphine, by e ' -' 
whom he had issue : 

1. John, his heir. 

2. Alexander, who, in 1681, was 
nominated one of the commissioners of 
supply for Linlithgowshire. 

III. John Hamilton of Grange, Inq. Ret. Lin. 


who was retoured, 24th June 1650, heir 
to his father, Sir James, in the lands of 
Little Carriden, in the barony of Car- 
riden. He was specially retoured, 20th 
September 1654, as heir to " his guid- 
schir," Sir John of Grange ; and, on the 
9th August 1665, as heir of his uncle, 
Sir John of Beircrofts, in the lands of 
Beircrofts and Soulislands in the parish 
of Falkirk. 

He had a charter, under the great Mag. Sig. Lib. 
seal, of the lands of Grange-Breich, 
dated 1st August 1673. x*zi u*^-^- OiZtrd^. ij/oi" 

By his spouse, Agnes Robertson, he 
had issue, 

IV. John Hamilton of Grange, Jl^^ k^ 4^^^i, fT/L. #_*, 
who, in 1706, was retoured heir to his -/ aJ ? s " ^W* — ^ tU^^lfc^ 

'- mz - 

Gen. 3947. 

Stir. 240. 

father in the lands of Grange-Phillip- 
ston in the parish of Carriden. He had 

'i6//i+.~u. y/n 

a son, 

V. William Hamilton of Grange, 




who married Margaret Boswal, daugh- 
ter of Cornet George Boswal : he is men- 
tioned in the Dictionary of Decisions, 
anno 1706, vol. iii. p. 17,025. 

Ahout 1750, the estate of Grange was 
acquired by William Belcher, Esq. 

4&vttu f 


green- Green was anciently tbe seat of the 

Description of y oun g Lairds of Cambusnethan, when 
Lanarkshire, t jj S ome rvilles were its proprietors. 

MS. Adv. Lib. r r 

Mem. of the It was purchased in 1646 from Sir 
Somervilles, ii. j ames Somerville of Cambusnethan by 

I. Patrick Hamilton of Green, 
who was one of the magistrates of Ha- 
Com.Rec.Glns. milton. He was appointed, 1st March 
1654, curator to young James Hamilton 
of Dalserf. He died in October 1622, 
leaving issue : 

1. Patrick, his heir. 

2. James, who, along with his brother, 
Patrick, was curator to Patrick Ha- 
milton of Neilsland. 

3. John, who, in 1648, was one of 
the committee of war for the co. of 


II. Patrick Hamilton of Green, Scots Acts of 
who, in 1685, was a commissioner of 

supply for the co. of Lanark. He was 
succeeded by his son, 

III. James Hamilton of Green, who 
married Bethia Baillie, and had issue : 

1. Patrick. 

2. James. 

IV. Patrick Hamilton of Green inq. Ret. Gen. 
was retoured heir in general to his 7869 ' 
father, James, on the 16th July 1697, 

and, dying without issue, he was suc- 
ceeded by his brother, 

IV. James Hamilton of Green, who, 
in 1721, appears as a subscriber to Wod- 
row's Church History. 


<&mi of i^atttingtou* 


I. Thomas Hamilton of Orchart- 
— - field, second son of Hugh Hamilton of 

Wood's Peer- 
age, i. 677. Innerwick, acquired, in 1522, from 

John, Earl of Lennox, the barony of 

Bathgate in the co. of Linlithgow ; and, 

in 1524, purchased the lands of Balleu- 

crieff in the same county. His son, 


II. Thomas Hamilton of Orehart- 
field, Bathgate, and Ballencrieff, had 
Mag. Sig. Lib. seisin of these lands in 1537. ' He made 
' an excambion of the lands of Ballen- 
crieff with James Hamilton of Inner- 
wick, for the lands of Balbyne and 
Drumcairn in Perthshire, for which he 
had a charter, 6th August 1538. He 
was killed at the battle of Pinkie, 1 Oth 
September 1547, leaving two sons: 

1. Thomas, his successor. 

2. John Hamilton, a secular priest, 
whose life has been sketched by the 
accurate pen of Lord Hailes. He left 
Scotland on account of his religion ; 
fixed his residence at Paris in 1573, and 
was appointed professor of philosophy 
in the College of Navarre. He became 
tutor to the Cardinal de Bourbon, 1576, 
to Francis de Joyeuse, afterwards a 
cardinal, 1578; was chosen rector of 
the University of Paris, 17th October 
1524; and was presented, by the uni- 
versity, to the cure of the parishes of 
St Cosmus and Damian, at Paris, in 


1585. He was a zealous partizan of the 
league, and one of the Conseil des Seize 
Qiiartiers who offered the crown to Philip 
the Second of Spain, 1591. When 
Hemy the Fourth entered Paris, in 
1594, Hamilton was taken into custody, 
but soon after had permission to depart 
out of France. He retired to Brussels, 
and, in 1601, ventured to revisit his 
native country, after an absence of near 
thirty years. He found a temporary 
asylum at the castle of Lord Ogilvy, 
but, in 1609, was apprehended by a 
party of the Life Guards and committed 
to the Tower of London, where he died. 
He was author of some theological 

III. Sie Thomas Hamilton of wood. 
Priestfield was served heir to his father, 
15th April 1549, being of legitimate 
age, in virtue of an act of the King and 
Parliament, atMonktonhall,in the lands 
of Balbyn and Drumcairn in Perthshire, 
Priestigill, in the barony of Avendale, 
in Lanarkshire, and the ecclesiastical 
lands of Dummany, (Dalmeny,) in Lin- 
lithgowshire. He was knighted; had 
a charter of Balbyn and Drumcairn, 
30th May 1597, and another of Priest- 
field the same year. He was admitted 
a Lord of Session 29th May 1607, but 
resigned his seat on the bench to his 



earl of second son the ensuing: year, 1608. Bv 


= his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of James 
Heriot of Trabrown, he had issue : 

1. Sir Thomas, his successor. 

2. Sir Andrew, of Redhouse ; for 
whom, vide Art. Redhouse. 

3. Sir John Hamilton, of Magdalens 
in co. Linlithgow, who was appointed 
an Ordinary Lord of Session, 27th July 
1 622, and the same year Lord Register 
of Scotland. He died at Holyroodhouse, 
2d November 1630, aud was buried in 
the Abbey church there. He had no 
male issue, only one daughter ; and 
Magdalens was sold to the Dundas 

4. Patrick Hamilton of Little Pres- 
toun ; for whom, vide Art. Fala. 

5. Alexander Hamilton, General of 
the Artillery, who had a high command 
in the troops sent to the assistance of 
the King of Sweden, under the first 
Duke of Hamilton, in 1631. He died 
in 1649. He left two children, a boy 
and a girl : the boy died in 1 655, and 
the girl was surreptitiously married in 
Edinburgh, by Sir James Murray, to 
his son James, a few days after her 
brother's death. 

1. Christian, married, in 1592, to 
Alexander Hamilton of Innerwick. 

2. Margaret, married to William 
Kircaldy of Grange, from whom she 
had a charter of half the lands of Tyrie, 
26th June 1601. 

Sir Thomas Hamilton married, 2d, 
Elizabeth Murray, by whom it does not 
appear he had any issue. 

w»od, i. 678. iv. Sir Thomas Hamilton, the 

eldest son, born in 1563, studied the 
law in France ; was admitted advocate 
in 1587, and soon distinguished himself 
at the bar by talents and learning. He 
was appointed, in 1592, a Lord of Ses- 
sion, by the title of Lord Drumcairn ; 
and, in 1595, Lord Advocate. He had 
charters of the kirk-lands of Dalmeny 
and Humbie in Linlithgowshire ; of the 
lands of West Binny and the ecclesi- 
astical lands of Easter Binny, of the 
barony of Monkland in 1602, and of the 
dominical lands of Drumcorse in co. 
Linlithgow, 22d June 1607. He was 
received Lord Register in 1612, and the 
same year succeeded Sir Alexander Hay 
as Secretary of State. He was raised 
to the dignity of the peerage, by the title 
of Lord Binning and Byres, 1613 ; was 
appointed Lord President of the Court 
of Session, 1616; and was created Earl 
of Melrose, by patent, dated at New- 
market, 20th March 1613, to him and 
his heirs-male bearing the name and 
arms of Hamilton. After the death of 
Sir John Ramsay, Viscount of Had- 
dington, the Earl of Melrose, judging 
it more honourable to take his title from 
a county than from an abbey, obtained 
a patent, dated at Bagshot, 27th August 
1627, suppressing the title of Melrose, 
and creating him Earl of Haddington, 
to him and his heirs-male, with the 
former precedency. 

His Lordship continued Secretary of 
State and President of the Court of 
Session till 15th February 1626, when 
he was constituted Keeper of the Privy 
Seal, and he died on the 29th May 1637, 
in the 74th year of his age. 


His Lordship, having acquired one of 
the most extensive fortunes of his time, 
wisely vested it in land : he had charters 
of all the lands which belonged to the 
abbacy of Melrose, and of Samuelston, 
Tyningham, Luffness, Caldstream, and 
Cowdenknows. He bought all the temple 
lands lying in thecountiesof Edinburgh, 
Stirling, Kincardine, and Aberdeen, (a 
few excepted.) 

His valuable collection of MSS. and 
charters were carefully, at his death, 
placed in the Advocates' Library. 

This great man married, first, Mar- 
garet, daughter of James Borthwick of 
Newbyres, by whom he had an only 
child : 

1. Lady Christian, married, first, to 
Robert, tenth Lord Lindsay of Byres, 
who died in 1516 ; secondly, to Robert, 
sixth Lord Boyd. 

He married, secondly, Margaret, 
daughter of James Foulis of Colinton 
in co. Edinburgh, by whom he had 
issue : 

2. Lady Isabel, married to James, 
first Earl of Airley, and had issue. 

3. Lady Margaret, married, first, to 
David, Lord Carnegie ; secondly, to 
James, first Earl of Hartfell. 

4. Lady Helen, who died young. 

5. Thomas, second Earl of Hadding- 

6. Hon. Sir James Hamilton of Priest- 
field, who served in the forces sent to 
the assistance of the King of Sweden, 
under the Duke of Hamilton. He 
married Anne, daughter of Sir Patrick 
Hepburn of Waughton, by whom he 
had issue. 

7. Hon. Sir John Hamilton of Tra- earl of 


broun, who married Catherine, only 

child of Sir Alexander Peebles of Mid- 
dleton, and had issue. 

8. Lady Jean, married to John, sixth 
Earl of Cassilis, and had issue. 

9. Lady Anne, who died unmarried. 
The Earl of Haddington married, 

thirdly, Janet, relict of Sir Patrick 
Hume of Polwart, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Ker of Farniharst, by whom he 
had issue: 

10. Hon. Robert Hamilton of Wester 
Binning, who perished at Dunglas, when 
it was blown up in 1640 : he was un- 

V. Thomas, second Earl of Had- Wood, 689. 
dington, the eldest son, born 25th May 
1600, and succeeded his father in 1637. 
Attaching himself to the covenanters, 
he was constituted Colonel of one of 
their Regiments. When General Leslie 
marched into England, in 1640, his 
Lordship was left behind in order to 
watch the motions of the garrison of 
Berwick, and fixed his quarters at 
Dunglass Castle, in the co. of Hadding- 
ton, where was a considerable quantity 
of gunpowder. His Lordship continued 
there till the 30th of August, when, 
about mid-day, as he was standing in a 
court of the castle, surrounded by se- 
veral gentlemen to whom he was read- 
ing a letter he had just received from 
General Leslie, the magazine blew up, 
and one of the side walls did, in an in- 
stant, overwhelm him and all his com- 
pany, four excepted, who were thrown 
by the force of the explosion to a con- 



eabi, of siderable distance. The Earl's body was 


=; found among the rubbish, and buried 
at Tyninghame. With his Lordship 
there perished various gentlemen of the 
name of Hamilton, and others. 

A report prevailed that Dunglas was 
designedly blown up by Edward Paris, 
an English boy, page to Lord Hadding- 
ton, on account of his master's jestingly 
telling him, that his countrymen were a 
pack of cowards to suffer themselves to 
be beaten, and to run away at Newburn ; 
which so much enraged him that he took 
a hot iron, and thrust it into one of the 
powder barrels, perishing himself with 
the rest. 

Thomas, the second Earl, married 
Lady Catherine Erskine, fourth daugh- 
ter of John, seventh Earl of Mar, by 
whom be had issue : 

1. Thomas, third Earl. 

2. John, fourth Earl. 

3. Hon. Robert, died young. 

4. Hon. James, died young. 

1. Lady Margaret, died young. 

His Lordship married, secondly, Lady 
Jean Gordon, third daughter of George, 
second Marquis of Huntley, and had by 
her a posthumous child : 

2. Lady Margaret, married to John, 
Earl of Kintore, and had issue. 

Wood, i. 681. VI. Thomas, third Earl of Had- 
dinsrton, the eldest son, was under age 
at his father's death. Going abroad on 
his travels he became enamoured of 
Henrietta de Coligny, eldest daughter 
of Gaspard, Comte de Coligny, so much 
celebrated for her wit and beauty. They 
were espoused by contract, at Cbatillon, 

8th August 1643 ; but the Earl of Had- 
dington, falling into a consumption, died 
8th February 1645, while still under 
age, probably not more than eighteen 
years old, without issue, and was suc- 
ceeded by his brother, 

VI. John, fourth Earl of Hadding- Wood, i. 681. 
ton, who was served heir to his brother, 
10th April 1645, and died on the 1st 
September 1669. 

He married Lady Christina Lindsay, 
second daughter of John, fifteenth Earl 
of Crawford and Lindsay, by whom he 
had issue : 

1. Charles, fifth Earl of Hadding- 

1. Lady Margaret, married to John 
Hope of Hopeton, who was lost coming 
down to Scotland with the Duke of 
York, 5th May 1682 : she was buried at 
Tyninghame, 3 1st December 1711, leav- 
ing two children, Charles, first Earl of 
Hopetoun, and Helen, Countess of Had- 

2. Lady Helen, married to Sir Wil- 
liam Anstruther of Anstruther. 

3. Lady Susan, married to Adam 
Cockburn of Ormistoun. 

VII. Charles, fifth Earl of Had- ibid, 
dington, the only son, born in 1650, 
succeeded his father in 1669, and mar- 
ried (contract dated 7th October 1674,) 
Margaret, Countess of Rothes, eldest 
daughter of John, Duke of Rothes, Lord 
High Chancellor of Scotland. On her 
father's death, in 1681, the Dukedom 
became extinct, but she succeeded as 
Countess of Rothes. The Earl died in 


1685, and the Countess in 1700, leaving 
issue : 

1. John, eighth Earl of Rothes, from 
whom the present Earl of Rothes is de- 
scended through an heir-female. 

2. Thomas, sixth Earl of Hadding- 

3. Hon. Charles Hamilton, died young. 
In terms of the contract of marriage, 

Charles, Earl of Haddington, became 
bound to resign his title of Haddington 
in favour of his second son, as the eldest 
was to succeed to the Earldom of Rothes, 
that the two titles might be kept distinct. 
The resignation does not appear to have 
taken place, but, by patent, dated at 
Holland-house, 1 8th December 1689, 
the titles of Earl of Haddington, and 
Lord Binning and Byres, were, in terms 
of the said contract of marriage, granted 
to Thomas Hamilton, second son of 
Charles, fifth Earl of Haddington, and 
the heirs-male of his body ; which failing, 
to Charles, the third son, and the heirs- 
male of his body ; which failing, to John, 
Lord Leslie, and the heirs-male of his 
body; which failing, to the heirs of 
Charles, fifth Earl of Haddington, ac- 
cording to the form of the original 

To preclude dispute, another patent 
was thought necessary. 

John, Earl of Rothes, resigned the 
title of Haddington, which was granted 
to Thomas, Earl of Haddington, and the 
heirs-male of his body; which failing, 
to John, Earl of Rothes, and the heirs- 
male of his body ; which failing, to the 
heirs of Charles, fifth Earl of Hadding- 
ton, according to the tenor of the ori- 

ginal patent. This grant was dated at earl of 


St James's, 22d October 1702. ===== 

VIII. Thomas, sixth Earl of Had- Wood, i. 682. 
dington, accordingly succeeded to the 
title of Haddington. He was born in 
1680, and was trained up in whig prin- 
ciples, under the care of Adam Cock- 
burn of Ormiston, his uncle. Was a 
warm assertor of the liberty of the peo- 
ple, and in great esteem in his country. 
He had a charter of the Earldom of 
Haddington, 25th February 1687, and 
another of the hereditary office of Keeper 
of the Park of Holyroodhouse, 23d 
January 1691. 

He zealously supported the treaty of 
Union. On the breaking out of the 
rebellion, in 1715, he appeared in arms, 
and accompanied the Duke of Argyle to 
Stirling, 16th September, and served 
as a A'olunteer under his Grace at the 
battle of Sheriffmuir, 13th November, 
where his courage was particularly no- 
ticed. He there received a wound in 
the shoulder, and his horse was shot 
under him. The ensuing year his Lord- 
ship was appointed Lord Lieutenant of 
the co. of Haddington; was invested 
with the order of the Thistle, and was 
elected one of the sixteen representa- 
tive Peers of Scotland. He was re- 
chosen at the general elections 1722 and 

His Lordship diedat Newhailes on the 
28th November 1735, in the 55th year 
of his age. 

His Lordship married his cousin- 
german, Helen, only daughter of John 
Hope of Hopetoun, sister of Charles, 



earl of first Earl of Hopetoun, and, by her, who 


■ died at Edinburgh in 1768, in her 91st 
year, he had issue : 

1. Charles, Lord Binning. 

2. Hon. John Hamilton, who became 
a member of the faculty of advocates 
in 1725, and died in 1772. He married 
Margaret, daughter of Sir John Home 
of Blackadder, and had issue. 

1. Lady Margaret, died unmarried at 
Edinburgh in 1768. 

2. Lady Christian, married to Sir 
James Dalrymple of Hailes : they had 
sixteen children, of whom, that honour 
to his country and to human nature, the 
late learned Sir David Dalrymple, Lord 
Hailes, was the eldest surviving son. 

Wood, i. 683. IX. Charles, Lord Binning, the 
eldest son, born in 1697, to a fine un- 
derstanding, improved by an excellent 
education, joined all the engaging quali- 
ties of the heart. He served as a volun- 
teer, with his father, at the battle of 
Sheriff muir, where he behaved gallantly; 
was elected Member of Parliament for 
St Germains in Cornwall, 1732; ap- 
pointed Knight Marischal of Scotland, 
and died at Naples in the lifetime of his 
father, 13th January 1733, aetat 36. 

He married Rachel, youngest daugh- 
ter, and at length sole heiress, of George 
Baillie of Jerviswood, by whom he left 
issue : 

1. Thomas, seventh Earl of Had- 

2. Hon. George Baillie of Jerviswood, 
who, succeeding to his maternal grand- 
father's large estate, took the name of 
Baillie, and died at Mellerstain 1 6th April 

1797, aetat. 74. He married Miss Eliza 
Andrews, and left issue, three sons and 
three daughters. 

3. Hon. Charles Hamilton, died young. 

4. Hon. John Hamilton, died young. 

5. Hon. Charles Hamilton, who, enter- 
ing the Army, served in Germany, rose 
to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
died Governor of Blackness Castle, in 
1806, in his 79th year. 

1. Hon. Grizel Hamilton, mai'riedto 
Philip, second Earl of Stanhope. 

2. Hon. Helen-Mary, died young. 

3. Hon. Rachel, died unmarried in 

X. Thomas, seventh Earl of Had- Wood, i. 684. 
dington, succeeded his grandfather in 
1735; was educated at the University of 
Oxford under the immediate inspection 
of his excellent grandfather, Mr Baillie, 
and set out on his travels to the Con- 
tinent in 1740. He and his brother 
George were two of the members of the 
common room established at Geneva the 
same year, mentioned in the Literary 
Life of Stillingfleet, who describes the 
party as — 

AnimEc, quales neque candidiores 
Terra tulit, neque queis me sit devinctior alter. 

His Lordship died at Ham in Surrey, 
19th May 1794, in his 74th year. 

He married, in 1750, Mary, daughter 
of Rowland Holt of Redgrave in co. 
Suffolk, by whom he had issue : 

1. Charles, eighth Earl of Hadding- 

2. Hon. Thomas Hamilton, died aetat. 


His Lordship married, secondly, in 
1786, Anne, eldest daughter of Sir 
Charles Gascoigne, Knt., by whom he 
had issue : 

Lady Charlotte, who died at Bath in 
1*793, in her fourth year. 

Wood, i. 685. XL Charles, eighth Earl of Had- 
dington, born 5th July 1753, was Cap- 
tain of the grenadier company of the 
Duke of Buccleuch's fencible regiment, 
1778; succeeded his father in 1794; was 
appointed Lord Lieutenant of the co. 
of Haddington, 1804, and chosen one of 
the sixteen representatives of the Scottish 
Peerage, at the general election in 1807. 
His Lordship married, 30th April 
1779, Lady Sophia Hope, born 2d Feb. 
1759, third daughter of John, second 
Earl of Hopetoun, and by her, who died 
8th March 1813, had issue, 

ibid. XII. Thomas, Lord Binning, born 

at Edinburgh 21st June 1 780, educated 
at Edinburgh University, afterwards 
entered a nobleman of Christ Church 
College, Oxford ; chosen Member of 
Parliament for St Germains, at the 
general election in 1802; for Cocker- 
mouth, on a vacancy in 1807; and for 
Callington, at the general election same 
year ; is now member for Rochester, 
and a commissioner for the affairs of 

He married, 23d November 1802, 
Lady Maria Parker, born 23d January 

1781, only surviving: child of George, earl of 


fourth Earl of Macclesfield. 

Titles. — Charles Hamilton, Earl of 
Haddington, Baron of Binning and 
Byres, Lord Lieutenant of the co. of 

Creations. — Baron of Binning and 
Byres, in the co. of Haddington, in 
1613; Earl of Melrose, 20th March 
1619, to the first Earl and his heirs- 
male ; title of Melrose suppressed, and 
his Lordship created Earl of Hadding- 
ton, to him and his heirs-male aforesaid, 
by patent, dated 27th August 1627, 
with the former precedency, 20th March 

Arms. — Quarterly, first and fourth, 
gules, on a chevron, between three 
cinquefoils, ermine, a buckle, azure, be- 
twixt two mushetours, (spots of ermine,) 
all between a bordure, Or, charged with 
eight thistles, vert, as the paternal coat 
of Hamilton, with a suitable difference. 
Second and third argent, a fess wavy 
between three roses, gules, barbed and 
seeded, proper, as a coat of augmenta- 
tion for the Earldom of Melrose. 

Crest. — Two dexter hands issuing 
out of clouds, joined fess ways, and 
holding between them a branch of laurel, 

Supporters. — Two talbots, argent, 
each gorged with a plain collar, gules. 

Motto. — " Presto et persto." 

Chief seat, Tyninghame House in co. 





haggs. I. Gavin Hamilton, the fifth son of 

Craw. Gen. Gavin Hamilton, the ancestor of the 
Coll. MS. Adv. fami]y of Qrbistoun, was the first of this 

He married Janet, relict of Thomas 
Pettigrew of Haggs, by whom he had 

II. John Hamilton, designed of 
Mag. Sig. Lib. Kirklie, who had a charter of the lands 
of Haggs, dated 18th December 1545. 
He married Janet Maxwell, daughter 
of the Laird of Calderwood, and had 
issue : 

1. James, his heir. 

2. John Hamilton, of Alderstoun. 

Ibid. lib. xxxv 
No. 891. 

Wood's Peer- 
age, i. 538. 

III. James Hamilton of Haggs, 
. who had a remission, under the great 
seal, to himself, his son, and brother, of 
date 5th September 1584. 

He married Isobel, eldest daughter 
of Alexander, second Lord Elphing- 
stone, by whom he had issue : 

1. Alexander, his heir. 

2. John, who was witness, on 5th 
November 1594, to a contract of mar- 
riage betwixt a daughter of Dalziel of 
that Ilk, and John Stirling of Glorat. 

1. Jane, married to John Maxwell, 
son of Maxwell of Southbar in Renfrew- 

IV. Alexander Hamilton - of Haggs, 

who had a charter, under the great seal, Mag. sig. Lib. 

to " Alexander Hamilton of Haggis, '" 

and Agnes Hamilton, his spouse, and 

James, their second son, of the lands of 

Luggyhill," dated 22d May 1596. By 

the said Agnes Hamilton he had 

issue : 

1. John, his heir. 

2. James, of Luggyhill. 

V. John Hamilton of Haggs, who Baronag*. 
married Helen Dalmahoy, by whom he 

had issue : 

1. Alexander, his heir. 

who are both men- 
tioned in their bro- 
ther's will. 
His spouse, Helen, survived him, and 
afterwards married Alexander Knox of 

VI. Alexander Hamilton of Haggs, 

who was retoured heir to his father, John Inij. Ret. Lan. 

Hamilton of Haggs, in the lands of 

Haggs, Breulands, &c. within the lord- 
ship of Newbottle and barony of Monk- 
land, of date 15th March 1617. 

He married Jean, daughter of Patrick 
Maxwell of Newark, by whom he had 
issue : 

1. Sir Alexander, his heir. 





2. Patrick, who marriedJanet, daugh- 
ter of Matthew Newlands of Kipps. 

Alexander of Haggs died in Octoher 

Com.Rec.Glas. 1649, as appeal's from his latter will and 

testament, made at Haggs, 7th Octoher 

1642, and registered 19th February 

1652. * 

Wod row's 
Church Hist, 
ii. 307. 

Mag. Sig. 
Lib. lxii. No. 

Craw. Gen. 
Coll. MS. Adv 

VII. Sir Alexander Hamilton of 
Haggs, who was severely persecuted 
during the reign of Charles the Second, 
for non- conformity, and imprisoned, but 
afterwards liberated on giving a bond 
that he would appear when called upon. 

He had a patent of the title of Baronet, 
under the great seal, to himself and 
heirs-male of his body, of date 11th 
February 1670. 

He married, first, Mary, a daughter 
of Murray of Balberton, by whom he 
had issue : 

1. Margaret, married to William 
Hamilton of Gilkerscleugh, and had 

-, married to Archibald Stir- haggs. 

ling of Carden. 

He married, secondly, Janet, daugh- Craw. Gen. 
ter to the Laird of Grant, by whom he L ;t,.' 
had issue : 

1. Sir Alexander. 

Sir Alexander was dead before 1690, 
having left the estate so greatly burden- 
ed with debt that it was sold by the 
creditors. It was acquired, in 1691, by 
Sir Archibald Hamilton, who changed 
the name to Rosehall. 

VIII. Sir Alexander Hamilton 
was under age at the period of his father's 
death. He, not long afterwards, died 
without issue; and in him ended the 
direct line of this family. 

The Arms were — gules, a salmon's 
head couped, argent, with an annulet 
through its nose, proper, betwixt three 
cinquefoils of the second. 

Crest. — A salmon hauriant, argent, 
having an annulet through its nose. 


* Ye test. &c. " I Alexander Hamilton of Haggs, knawing ye certaintie of death, and ye un- 
certaintie of ye particular place and tyme yrof. Thairfor I mak my latter will as followis :— Im- 
primis, I leive my saull to God, and my bodie to ye burriall of ye saunts, and for my worldlie busi- 
nes I be thir pnts mak and nominate Alexander Hamilton, my eldest lauchfull sone, to be my onlie 
executor and intromitter with my guidis and gear, and gives and dispones to him, &c. Theirfore I 
mak and constitute Jean Maxwell, my spouse, Sir Ludovick Houstoun of that Ilk, James Hamilton 
of Woodhall, James Hamilton of Boigis, James Cleland of Foscane, Mr Alexander Hamilton of 
Hill, and James and Mr Alexander, my brothers-germane, curators to ye said Alexander. Att 
Haggis, ye 7th Oct. 1642."— Commissary Records of Glasgow. 






Slier. Rec. 


Ibid. ii. 307. 
Ap. ix. 35. 

Nisb. Her. ii. 
Ap. 168. 


Rob. Gen. p. 

I. Archibald Hamilton, the second 
" son of Hans Hamilton, vicar of Dunlop, 
and brother of the first Viscount Clane- 
boye, was the first of this family. 

He was sheriff-depute of Lanarkshire, 
from 1625 and upwards. He married 
Rachel Carmichael, by whom he bad 
issue : 

1. John, his heir. 

2. James of Neilsbrook, co. Antrim. 

3. Gavin of Killileagh, from whom 
Hamilton Rowan, Esq. of Dublin, is de- 

4. Patrick, who was a great preacher 
and non-conformist during the persecu- 
tion on account of religion under Charles 
the First. 

5. William, also a preacher and non- 
conformist, who, being thrown into 
prison in 1679, died therein shortly 

I. Jean, married to Archibald Ed- 
monstone of Duntreath, and bad issue. 

II. John Hamilton of Halcraig, 
who was severely fined, in 1662 and 
1684, /or non-conformity and refusing 
the test, by the Earl of Middleton. 

He married Jean, second daughter 
of William Mure of Glanderstoun, by 
whom he had issue, 

III. Sir John Hamilton of Hal- 
craig, who was severely persecuted and Wodrow. 
fined for non-conformity during the 
reign of James the Second. 

After the Revolution he was made 
one of the Lords of Session, and, about 
the same period, was knighted by Wil- 
liam the Third. 

He had a charter of the lands and Mag. Sig. Lib. 
barony of Shawfield, dated 1st May 1699. 

He made a tailyie of his estate, in 

1705, to himself in liferent, and his son 
John in fee ; which failing, to his heirs- 
female, the eldest always succeeding 
without division. 

He married, in 1668, Ursilla, daugh- Rob. dm. 27S. 
ter of William Ralston of that Ilk, by 
whom he had issue : 

1. John, his heir. 

1. Isabella, married to Sir William 
Gordon of Dalfolly and Invergordon, 
and had issue. Sir John had issue, other 

IV. John Hamilton of Halcraig, 
who, dying without issue in September 

1706, was succeeded by his eldest sister, 
Lady Gordon, who possessed the estate 
until her death in 1740. It was after- 
wards enjoyed by her husband, Sir Wil- 
liam, till he died in 1742. 


Mr Charles Gordon, advocate, the 

second son, who took the name of Ha- 

Dictionary of m ilton Gordon, got the estate from his 

Decisions, vol. 

vi. 2337 xv. father, and raised an action against his 


brother, Sir John Gordon, to denude; 
but it was found that Sir John could 

not take the estate without bearing the haixraig. 
name and arms of Hamilton. Mae. sig. Lib 

In 1753, 23d February, Mr Charles "■ N °- 179 - 
Hamilton Gordon of Halcraig had a 
charter, under the great seal, of the 
lands of Wester St Martins in the co. 
of Cromarty. 



Mag. Sig. Lib. I. Gavin Hamilxon of Hill is the 
first that I have met of this family. He 
had a charter, under the great seal, of 
the lands of Luggyhill, dated 24th 
January 1582. He had issue : 

1. James, his heir. 

2. Gawan. 

II. James Hamilton of Hill, who is 
mentioned in the commissary records of 
Glasgow in 1632. By his spouse, Mar- 
garet Cockburn, he had issue : 
1. Alexander, his successor. 
Com.Rec.Glas. 2. Gawan, who was slain in battle, 
as appears by his registered testament, 
in 1645 ; and other sons. 

HI. Alexander Hamilton of Hill, 
writer to the signet, who had issue : 
1. Gawin, his successor. 

1. Bethia, married to Thomas Mon- 
crieff of that Ilk. 

2. , married to Mr James 

Hunter, advocate. 

IV. Gawin Hamilton of Hill. He 
was outlawed during the reign of James Scots Acts of 
the Second, and forfalted, 29th March 
1686 ; but returning at the Revolution, 
his estate was restored to him. 


tUOi 3H 





xlvi. No. 287. 

xlviii. No. 43. 

holmhead. I. James Hamilton of Aikenhead, 
Baillie'sGen. merchant, and provost of Glasgow, 
Hist. MS. penes secon ^ son f J ames Hamilton of Tor- 

ranee, was the first of this family. He 
Mag. Sig. Lib. had a charter, under the great seal, 
" to James Hamilton, merchant in Glas- 
gow, and to Elizabeth Adam, his wife, 
and Robert, their son, of the lands of 
MeiMe and Little Aikenhead," dated 
17th December 1611; also another 
charter of the lands of Langsyde, dated 
10th January 1616. 

From the Records of the City of 
Glasgow, it appears that he was thrice 
provost, from 1614 to 1617, 1621 to 
1623, and from 1627 to 1629. 

By the said Elizabeth Adam he had 
issue : 

I. Robert, his heir. 

Craw. Gen. L Daughter married to Sir William 

MS. 26. Mure of Rowallan. 

II. Robert Hamilton of Aiken- 
head, who, on the 28th December 1633, 

Inq. Ret. Ren. was retoured heir to James Hamilton 
98 ' of Aikenhead, his father, in the lands of 

Langsyde, in the barony of Renfrew. 

He was succeeded by his son, 

clviii. No. 44. 

lviii. 336. 

III. James Hamilton of Aikenhead, 
who was retoured heir to Robert Ha- 
milton, his father, in the lands of Lang- 
syde, with the Mill, in the barony of 
Renfrew, of date 10th October 1649. 

He had a charter, under the great Mag. sig. Lib. 
seal, " to James Hamilton, younger of 
Aikenhead, of the lands of Aikenhead," 
dated 11th May 1647, and another 
charter, of the lands of Hagtonhill, dated ibid. 
in 1662. 

He suffered severely by fines and im- 
prisonment during the persecutions on 
account of religion, under the reigns ofw drow,i.4i7, 
Charles the Second, and his brother, "" 
James the Second. 

He was thrice married, and, what is 
not a little singular, had thirty children 
in all, — twelve by the first wife, eight 
by the second, and ten by the third. His 
first wife was Anne, daughter of John • 
Porterfield of that Ilk ; the name of the 
second is not known ; the third was 
Margaret, daughter of James MuirheadNisb. Her. ii. 
of Bredisholme, by Grizel, daughter of 
James Hamilton of Westport : by this 
lady he had five sons and five daughters, 
but no sons by the first two. Of his 


Mag. Si ? . 
c. No. 96. 

numerous family there are accounts of 
five only: 

] . James, his heir. 

1. Lilias, married to her own cousin, 
James Muirhead of Bredisholme. 

2. Mary, married to Mr Maxwell of 

3. Margaret, married to Mr More of 

4. , married to Mr Buchanan. 

IV. James Hamilton of Aikenhead, 
who, in 1702 and 1704, was a com- 
missioner of supply for the co. of Ren- 

He married Mary, daughter of John 
Govan of Hoggenfield, hy whom he had 
issue : 

1 . James, his heir. 
Lib. 2. John, merchant in Glasgow, who 
had a charter, under the great seal, 
wherein he is described as only brother 
of James of Aikenhead, of the lands of 
Glentoir in Lanarkshire, dated 29th 
November 1750. 

1. Mary, married to Patrick Bell of 
Cowcaddens, and had issue. 

2. Lilias, married to Henry Wood- 
rope of Dalmarnock, and had issue. 

He died about 1740, and was sue- holmhead 
ceeded by his son, 

V. James Hamilton of Aikenhead, scotsMagazine, 
who married, 12th January 1759, 1759- 
Marion, daughter of Major Robertoun 

of Ernock, by whom he had issue : 

1. James, his heir, designed of Holm- 

2. John, who went out to India as a 

1. Elizabeth. 

2. Mary. 

3. Marion. 

4. Anne, married to David Marshall, 
Esq. of Neilsland. 

VI. James Hamilton, of Holmhead 
and various other possessions in the 
counties of Lanark and Renfrew, suc- 
ceeded his father, who died in 1770. 

He resides chiefly in Ayrshire, in an 
elegant and commodious villa at Ardros- 
san, which he built in 1812. He is un- 

Arms.— Gules, a hunting horn be- 
tween three cinquefoils, argent. 

Crest A hand grasping a sprig of 

green oak. 

Motto.—" Virebo." 





inchgot- I. Gavin Hamilton, second son of 


= JfVin Hamilton of Orbistoun, was par- 
M& Cell. Adv. son °f Hamilton, provost of Bothwell, 
Lib- dean of Glasgow, and, in 1606, raised 

to the Episcopal See of Galloway. 

He married Alison Hamilton, eldest 
daughter of James Hamilton of Both- 
wellhaugh, by whom he had issue : 

II. John Hamilton of Inchgottrick, Macfariane's 
and a daughter, Margaret, married to -.r - ° ' v " 
John Campbell, bishop of Argyle, and 
afterwards to Dunlop of that Ilk, and Rob. Cun. 300. 
had issue. 

There was John Hamilton of Inch- 
gottrick, in 1677, as appears from the 
commissary records of Glasgow. 



Godscroft, 391. 


"machan, who, in 1584r, was informer 
against Cunningham of Drumwhassel, 
and Douglas of Mains, in the alleged 
conspiracy to surround James the Sixth 
while hunting, and carry him into Eng- 
land, and for which these two gentle- 
men were executed at Edinburgh. In 
November of the following year, when 
the exiled lords returned from England 
and invested the castle of Stirling, 
Robert of Inchmachan caused himself 
to be let down over the west side of the 
castle wall in a basket, intending to 
make his escape; but he was perceived, 

Ibid. 407. 

followed, and slain in the park by John- 
ston of Westerhall. 

He had a brother of the name of 

He married Margaret Cunninghame, Com.Rec.Glas. 
sister of William Cunninghame of 
Craiginis, by whom he had issue : 

1. Robert. 

2. James, who, on the 30th Novem- 
ber 1590, designed as son to umq" 
Robert of Inchmachane, appeared in 
court, and said, that as now being of Ibid, 
age, and having made some tacks to ten- 
ants in Kilbryde, he now revokes them. 


Com.Rec.Glas. H. ROBERT HAMILTON, of Inch- 
machan, who, in April 1586, along with 
his spouse, Grissel, sister of Alexander 
Cunninghame of Craiginis, summoned 
Mr David Cuuninghame, hishop of 
Aberdeen, for his entries. The same 
parties, 31st December 1568, commence 
a suit against Margaret Cunninghame, 
Lady Craiginis, relict of umq 11 Robert of 
Inchmachan, for the sum of " ane 
hunder merks," part of the said Gris- 
sell's portion left her by umq" William 
Cunninghame of Craiginis her father. 
He had issue, 


III. Robert Hamilton of Inch- inchmachan. 

machan, who, on the 7th August 1607, p ro[oco i of 
had a charter of sasine of the lands of Barl - Rober - 


Caldercruik, in the barony of Monkland, 
from Sir Thomas Hamilton of Monk- 
land; he is therein described, as " nunc 
de Inchmachan." He had a charter, Mag. Sig. Lib 
dated 27th January 1610, of the lands 1 " 
of Manuel Foulis in Stirlingshire. 

His wife's name was Margaret Bal- 



Baronage, p. 

Rob. Index, 
p. 77. 

I. John de Hamilton, second son 
of Sir Walter Fitz-Gilbert de Hamilton^ 
Dominus de Cadyow, was the ancestor 
of this ancient and very respectable 

He was witness, in 1365, to a charter 
of William de Cunninghame, Dominus 
de Carrick, to James de Leprewyke, of 
the lands of Polkarne in Kyle-Regis, 

co. of Ayr, along with his brother, Sir 
David, and others. 

He married, first, Isobel, daughter 
and heiress of Sir Roger de Glay, Lord 
of Innerwick, with whom he got the 
lands and barony of Innerwick, in East 
Lothian, whicli became the chief title 
of his family. 

He married, secondly, Elizabeth, * 


* " Ane infeftment grantit be Johne Stewart, Lord Cruikstoun, to Johne, son to Walter, callit 
of Harailtoun, and Elizabeth, his spouse, sister to the said Lord Cruickstoun, off the lands of Bal- 
lincreefe, Ethelstoun, Cousland, with the pertinents, hauldin of the lordis of Cruikstoun, for seruiee 
of ane suite at the heid court of Bathgaitt, the day eftir Zuill zeirly; and this infeftment hes no 
daitt." {See original, quoted A. Stuart's Gen. Hist. p. 76.) 

" Ane chartour of confirmatioune, maid be Johne Stewart, Earl of Carrick, confirming andrati- 
fieing the donation maid be Johne Stewart, Lord of Dernely, to the said Johne Hamiltoun, sone 
to Walter of Hamilton, of the landis of Ballincrieff, Ethelstoun, and Half Cousland, daittit 15th 
Januare 1369." {Original, quoted A. Stuart's Gen. Hist. p. 77.)j 



innerw ick. daughter of Sir Alan Stewart of Cruik- 
ston, second son of Sir John Stewart of 
Bonkyl, with whom he acquired the 
lands of BallencriefF, &c. 

He died in the reign of Rohert the 
Second, leaving issue, a son, 

A. Stewart's 


History of the T . i 

Stewarts, p. 97. Innerwick 

Wood's Peer, 
age, i. 66. 

Addi. Case, v. 

Sir Alexander Hamilton of 
He had a charter from his 
father of the lands of BallencriefF, &c. 
which was confirmed by the superior, 
Sir John Stewart of Darnely, circa 
1400. * 

He married" Lady Elizabeth Stewart, 
daughter of Thomas, Earl of Angus, 
and only sister of Margaret, Countess 
of Angus, in her own right. In 1389, 
the Countess resigned the Earldom of 
Angus into the hands of King Robert 
the Second, in full parliament, who of 
anew granted the said earldom, with 
the lordships of Abernethy in Perth- 
shire, and Bonkyl in the co. of Berwick, 
in favour of George de Douglas, her 
son, by William, first Earl of Douglas, 
and the heirs of his body ; whom fail- 
ing, to Sir Alexander de Hamilton, and 
Elizabeth his wife, sister of the said 
Countess, and the heirs procreated, or to 

be procreated betwixt them, reserving 
to the said Countess her liferent of the 
earldom and lordships aforesaid. 

The Earldom of Angus, being after- 
wards restricted to heirs-male, is now 
vested in the Duke of Hamilton, de- 
scendant and representative, in the male 
line, of George, Earl of Angus. 

By this lady he had a son, Sir Archi- 
bald, who succeeded him. 

He died in the reign of King James 
the First. 

III. Sir Archibald Hamilton f of Baronage. 
Innerwick, who married Margaret, 
daughter of John Montgomery of Thorn- 

toun, and had issue : 

1. Sir Alexander, his heir. 

1. Alison, who, in a charter of the Privy Seal. 
lands of Thorntoun, dated in 1502, is 
designed daughter of Sir Archibald of 
Innerwick, Knt. 

IV. Sir Alexander Hamilton of 
Innerwick, % who, in the reign of King 
James the Third, married Isobel, daugh- 
ter of John Schaw, Baron of Sauchie, 
by whom he had issue : 

1. Hugh, his heir. 

* " Ane chartour maid be the said Johne Hamiltoun, Walteris Sonne, to his sonne Alexander 
Hamiltoun, of the landis of Ballincrieff, Ethelstoun, and Cousland, to be baldin of the lordis of 
Cruickstoun for seruice of ane sute at the heid court of Bathgaitt, die postfestum natalis Domini. 
This charter hes no daitt." 

T " Ane chartour grantit be John Stewart, Lord of Darnlie, to Archibald Hamiltoun, Lord of 
Innerwick, of the lands of Ballincrieff, &c. to be haldin blench for half ane pund of peppir, dated 
Cruickstoun, 10th May 1458." — From " The Inventor of the evidentis of the landis of Ballincreiff', 
perteining to Sir Alexander Hamilton of Innerweeke, Knt., all justed, inventried, and written be Mr 
James Scott, upon the 32d October 1610 ; penes Thomas Thomson, Esq. General Register House." 

X " Ane chartour maid be Johne, Lord Dernelie, to Alexander Hamiltoun, sonne and appear- 
and air to Sir Archibald Hamiltoun of Innerweek, and to Issobel Schaw, spous to ye said Alex- 
ander, of the landis of Ballincreiff, &c. to be haldin blensche for half ane pund cumini, nomina alba 
firma," dated 18th November 1465.—" Inventar," &c. ut supra. 


Pri»y Seal. 


Wood's Peer- 
age, 1 268, 737. 

2. Alexander, who, in a charter in 
1503, was designed brother of Hugh. 

Sir Alexander is mentioned in the 
Acta Audit., and his son, Hew Hamilton 
of Ballencrieff, of date 4th July 1489. He 
obtained a remission for the slaughter of 
Rolland Johnston, 1503. He died about 
1505, and was succeeded by, 

V. Hugh Hamilton of Innerwick, 
who had a precept of dare constat, as 
heir to his father, Sir Alexander, dated 
12th November 1505. 

He had a charter of resignation to 
him and Marg'. Kennedy, his spouse, 
from John, Lord Dernely, of the lands 
of Ballencrieff, 18th September 1487. 

Having been concerned in the slaugh- 
ter of Rolland Johnstone, &c. he had a 
remission of the same, 20th July 1503. 

He married Margaret Kennedy, de- 
scended of the family of Cassilis, by 
whom he had issue : 

1. James, his heir. 

2. Thomas Hamilton of Orchartfield, 
progenitor of the Earls of Haddington.* 

1. Euphame, married to Sir Alex- 
ander Lockhart of Cleghorn. 

VI. James Hamilton of Innerwick, 
who had a precept of dare constat from 
Matthew, Earl of Lennox, as son and 
heir of umquhile Hew his father, dated 
2d November 1512. 

He married Helen, daughter of Mungo 
Home of Coldingknows, progenitor of 
the Earls of Home, by Elizabeth, second 
daughter of James Stewart, Earl of 
Bucban, uterine brother of King James 

the Second; and got a charter, under innehwick. 
the great seal, " Jacobo Hamilton rfe Ma „_ Si £"£ 
Innerwick, et Helena Home, ejus sponsce,**™- No - \f: 
terrarum de Braidwood in vie. de Ren- 
frew," dated 18th August 1531. 

He had another charter of the lands A Ibid 
of Ballencrieff, Bathgate, &c. 20th Auj '* 
1538. By Helen Home he had iss 

1. Sir Alexander, his heir. 

2. James, bred to the church^wtich 
appears by a presentation, " Jdmbo Ha- 
milton, ftlio Jacobi Hamilto£e Inner- 
wick, super vicaria de/KiimrnJ' dated 
22d August 1546; but it seems that he 
died soon thereafter. 

3. Lancelot, aW bred to the church, 
who had a presentation to the same 
vicarage, anno 1547, wherein he was 
designed "filius quond. Jacobi Hamilton 
de Innerwick." 


VII. Sir Alexander Hamilton of 

Innerwick, who, upon his father's re- L;b - xx,i - No - 

signation, got a charter, under the great 

seal, " Alexandro Hamilton,filio et hceredi 

apparenti Jacobi Hamilton de Innerwick, 

et MargaretcB Home, ejus sponsce, terror. 

baronice de Innerwick," 31st July 1538. 

He fought under the standard of 
Queen Mary at the battle of Langsyde, 
was taken prisoner, and condemned to 
death by the Regent Murray, but, when 
led out to execution, was pardoned at 
the intercession of the clergy. 

By the said Margaret Home, daugh- 
ter of Bartholomew Home of Simprym, 
a son of Sir David Home of Wedder- 
burn, he had issue, 

* Crawford (MS. Notes Adv. Lib.), says that the Earls of Haddington are probably sprung 
from the family of Pardosan, an older cadet of the house of Innerwick. 




innerwick. VIII. Sir Alexander Hamilton 
of Innerwick, who, on his father's re- 
Mag. Sig. Lib. gignation, obtained a charter, " Alex- 
andro Hamilton, filio et heeredi apparenti 
Domini Alexandri HamiUon de Inner- 
wick, militis, terrarum et dominij de In- 
nerwick," &c. dated 13th June 1567. 

Adhering to the interests of the House 
of Hamilton, he was obliged to fly into 
England, but returned with the banish- 
ed lords in the year 1585. 

He appears to have married a daugh- 
ter of James Hamilton of Kincavel, and 
left issue : 

1. Sir Alexander, his heir, 
inq. Ret. Had. 2. Claud Hamilton of Creichness, 
whose son, Sir Francis Hamilton of 
Castle Kyllache, was retoured heir to 
his father in the lands of Creichness, 
within the parish of Innerwick, and per 
annexationem, in the barony of Renfrew, 
of date 7th January 1640. The said Sir 
Mag. Sig. Lib. 'Francis had a charter, under the great 
ni - DNo - l2a seal, of the lands and barony of Kyl- 
lache in Nova Scotia, dated 30th Sep- 
tember 1626. 

1. Elizabeth; married to John Max- 
well of Calderwood, and had issue. 
Nisb. Her. ii. 2. Margaret, married to Sir John 
Mag 3 Sig. Lib. Murray of Blackbarony, and had issue. 
5XXV. No +77 She had a charter of an annualrent furth 
of the lands of BallencriefT, dated 23d 
February 1581. 

Sir Alexander died in the reign of 
King James the Sixth, and was suc- 
ceeded by, 

IX. Sir Alexander Hamilton of 
Innerwick, who had a precept of sasine, 
upon a service of retour, as heir to 

" umquhile Sir Alexander Hamilton of 
Innerwick, his guidschir," of the lands 
of BallencriefF, dated 22d April 1576. 

He married, first, Margaret, daughter 
of Patrick Whytelaw of that Ilk, by 
whom he had issue : 

1. Sir Alexander, designed of Fenton, 
who died before his father ; and several 

Secondly, Christian, eldest daughter Wood's Peer- 
of Thomas Hamilton of Priestfield, sister 
of the first Earl of Haddington ; which 
appears by a charter they had of the Mag. Sig. Lib. 
lands of BallencriefT, &c. dated 6th June 
1593, and by another charter " to Sir i d jo\ 
Alexander Hamilton of Innerwick and ^ xlvi - No - 
Christian Hamilton, his spouse, and 
James, their eldest son, of the land of Hop- 
rig," dated 5th December 1609. By the 
said Christian Hamilton he had issue : 

1. Sir James, designed of Hoprig, of 
whom afterwards, and other children, 
one of whom, Thomas, had a letter, 
" Thomm Hamilton, filio Domini Alex- Privy Seal, 
andri Hamilton de Innerwick, militis," 
&c.of the escheat of all goods, &c. which 
pertained to umquliile David Hamilton 
of Bothwellhaugh, dated 3d July 1637. 

X. Sir Alexander Hamilton of Mag. Sig. Lib 
Fenton, who had a charter of the third xlv ' No ' 17 " 
part of the lands of Over SydserfF or 
Fenton Tower, dated 10th June 1607. 

He married Lady Elizabeth Ker, Wood's Peer- 
seventh daughter of Mark Ker, first age ' "• 
Earl of Lothian, by whom he had issue : 

1. Sir Alexander, his grandfather's 

1. Elizabeth, married to George Dun- Nisb. Her. ii. 
das of that Ilk, and had issue. 


Ibid. lib. xlviii. 
No. 202. 

Sir Alexander of Fenton predeceased 
his father, about 1608, which last was 
succeeded by his grandson, 

XL Sir Alexander Hamilton of 
Fenton and Innerwick,* who was in- 

Mag. Sig. Lib. eluded in a charter granted to his grand- 

xlv. No. 23 

24«. father, " Domino Alexandro Hamilton 

de Innerwick, militi, et Alexandro Hamil- 
ton, nepoti suo, dominij et baronice de In- 
nerwick," dated 12th July 1608. 

He had a charter " Alexandro Ha- 
milton de Fenton, nepoti et kceredi Domini 
Alexandri Hamilton de Innerwick, militis, 
terrarum dominij et baronim de Inner- 
wick," dated 16th April 1616. 

He married Isobel, daughter of Sir 
George Home of Manderston, and had 
issue : 

1. Alexander. 

1. Christian, married, first, Sir Patrick 
Hume of Polwarth, who died in 1 648, 
and was mother of the first Earl of 
Marchmont. She married, secondly, 
Robert, third Lord Jedburgh, but had 
no issue to him, who died in 1692. 

Sir Alexander perished at Dunglas, 

Wood's Peer- 
age,!. 179, 136. 

Annals, MS. 
Adv. Lib. 

along with the Earl of Haddington, innerwick. 
when it was blown up, in 1640, and was 
succeeded by his grandson, Colonel 

XII. Alexander Hamilton of Balfour's 
Fenton and Lawfield, who perished Adv. Lib. 
along with his father at Dunglas, leav- 
ing issue, a son, 

XIII. Colonel Alex. Hamilton 
of Innerwick and Lawfield, who, in an 
authentic writ, is designed eldest lawful In Cancellaria. 
son of Alexander Hamilton of Fenton 
and Lawfield, &c. 

This Colonel Alexander Hamilton In. pub. Arch, 
having gone into the service of the Czar 
of Russia, obtained an ample birthbrief 
of his pedigree and descent, as above 
deduced, under the great seal, and at- 
tested by the following noblemen, viz., 
the Duke of Hamilton, the Earls of 
Cassilis, Lothian, Annandale, Tweedale, 
Drumlanrig, and Home, Lord Borth- 
wick, and many others, dated 1st March 

As, according to Douglas in his 

" " Ane band, grantit be the said Sir Alexander Hamilton in favour of Alexander Hamilton his 
oye, and sone procreate betwixt Sir Alexander Hamilton ofFenton, Knt. and Dame Elizabeth Ker, 
his spouse, be quilk the said Sir Alexander obliges him to infeft his said oye in his lands of Ballen- 
crief," dated 27th August 1606. 

" Charter, following this, under the great seal, of date 12th July 1608." 

" Ane contract of excambion, wherein the said Sir Alexander Hamilton of Innerwick, with con- 
sent of Sir Alexander his sone, dispones to Sir James, his sone, procreate betwixt him and Dame 
Christian, his spouse, the baronie of Ballencrieffe, comprehending the kirk landis of Bathgate, ad- 
Vocation, donation, and rights of patronage, of the kirk of Bathgate, the lands of Kirkwode, Dum- 
pelder and Langlone ; and the said Sir James, in recompence thairof, dispones back again to his 
father, the landis of Hoprigand Auldhamestokis, whereunto he was provided," contract registered 
28th December 16 IS. 

" Charter, under the great seal, to the said Sir James, of the said landis of Ballencrieff," dated 
19th November 1615.—" Inventor," &c. ut supra, penes Thomas Thomson, Esq. 



innerwick. Baronage, lie left no succession, in him 
~" ended the male line of Sir Alexander 
Hamilton of Fenton, son of Sir Alex- 
ander of Innerwick, by his first wife, 
Margaret Whytelaw, whereby the re- 
presentation devolved upon the descend- 
ants of Sir James Hamilton of Hoprig, 
eldest son of the said Sir Alexander, by 
his second wife, Christian Hamilton, to 
whom we now return. 

X. Sir James Hamilton of Hoprig, 
who, on his father's resignation, had a 

Mag. Sig. Lib. charter, " Domino Jacobo Hamilton de 
Hoprig, militi, filio inter Dominum Alex- 
andrum Hamilton, militem, et Dominant 
Christinam Hamilton, ejus conjugem, pro- 
creat. fyc. tolas et integras terras et baro- 
niam de Ballencrieff, cum manerii loco," 
&c. dated 19th November 1615. 

He married Anne, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Otterburn of Redhall ; which 

Privy Seal, Lib. appears by a charter, upon the resigna- 
tion of the said Sir Thomas, " Anna 
Otterburn, Jiliee legitime natu maxima 
Domini Thomm Otterburn de Redhall, 
militis, et Domino Jacobo Hamilton de 
Hoprig, militi, sua; conjugi, totas et in- 
tegras terras de Redhall," &c, dated 24th 
September 1616. 

By the said Anne Otterburn he had 
issue : 

1. Sir James of Redhall. 

2. Andrew, also designed of Redhall. 

Scots Acts of 

XI. Sir James Hamilton of Red- 

' ' hall, who disponed the lands of Monk- 

tonhall to his brother Andrew, and who, 

dying without issue, was succeeded by 

the said, 

XI. Andrew Hamilton of Redhall, 
who was succeeded by his son, 

XII. James Hamilton of Ballen- ln<j. Ret. Lin. 

crieff, who, on the 19th July 160/7, was 

retoured heir to Andrew Hamilton of 

Redhall, his father, in the lands and 

barony of Ballencrieff, &c. 

He married Dame Margaret Nichol- Ibid. Stir. 302. 

son, daughter of Thomas Nicholson of 

Carnock, who was served heir to her 

father on the 6th September 1686, and 

by whom he had issue, 

XIII. Alexander Hamilton of Bal- 
lencrieff, who was Postmaster-General 
for Scotland,andrepresentativein several 
Parliaments for the co. of Linlithgow. 
He had a charter, under the great seal, 
of all his lands in 1720. 

Sir Robert Douglas, the author of the 
Baronage, who was his contemporary, 
says, that he was a man of great in- 
tegrity and honour. 

He married Lady Mary Ker, fourth Wood's Peer- 
daughter of William, second Marquis or ' 
Lothian, by whom he had issue : 

1. William- Henry, died young. 

2. James, his heir. 

3. Alexander, Fort-Major at Sheer- 
ness, who died in 1786, leaving issue : 
1. Alexander Hamilton, C.B., Lieutenant- 
Colonel commanding the 30th Regt., 
in India; and one daughter, Henrietta. 

4. Archibald, Colonel in the Army in 
America, who had charge of the Queen's 
County, and commanded its Militia 
during the American war, and who died 
near, and was buried at, Dunfermline 
in 1795. He married Alice, daughter 


of Alexander Colden, Esq., Postmaster- 
General and Surveyor-General of the 
Province of New York in America, son 
of Cadwallader Colden, Esq., Governor 
of the Province, by whom he had issue 
viz.: 1. Alexander- M ark - Ker- Hamil- 
ton, Major-General in the Army, and 
Colonel of the 2d Royal Veteran Bat- 
talion.* I. Mary- Elizabeth- Jane - 
Douglas, widow of Francis Napier, Esq., 
son of the late Major-General, the Hon. 
Mark Napier. She has a son, Mark 
Napier, Esq., advocate. 

5. Robert, an officer in the Army, 
who died young at Dover, on his return 
from the Continent for the recovery of 
his health.f 

1 . Jean- Douglas- Hamilton, married 
to Alexander Hay of Mordington, and 
had issue. 

Alexander of Ballencrieffdiedin 1763, 
and was succeeded by, 

XIV. James Hamilton of Ballen- 
crieff, who was keeper of his Majesty's 
stores, first at Woolwich, and afterwards 
at Chatham. He married Miss Daes, 
by whom he had issue : 

1. Alexander-James, his heir. 

1. Mary, married to Captain Lyon, ' 
who commanded a company of grena- 
diers, and was killed at Bunker's Hill 
in America. She was, a few weeks 
afterwards, delivered of a son, who is 
now Sir James Lyon, K.C.B. and 
G.C.H., Major-General in the Army, 
Colonel of the 97th Regiment, and Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of Portsmouth. 

James of Ballencrieff died in the year 

XV. Alexander-James Hamilton 
who went out to America at the begin- 
ning of the Revolutionary War, a Lieu- 
tenant in the 45th Regiment of Foot. 
He married Mary, daughter of Richard 
Dean, Esq. of New York, and settled 
there, in consequence of his father having 
sold the old family estate of BallencriefF. 
He is still living, and is the undoubted 
male representative of the ancient family 
of Innerwick. By the above lady he 
has issue : 

1. Alexander. 

2. Archibald. 

3. Mark-Ker, and other children. 


* Major-General Hamilton is the only male of the family at present in Great Britain. 

T Lord Robert Kerr, second son of William, third Marquis of Lothian, after whom he was named, 
called at Ballencrieff, the day previous to the battle of Falkirk, and took him with him, and at- 
tached him to the grenadier company, which his Lordship commanded. Robert Hamilton, who 
at this time was under twelve years of age, was out shooting sparrows when Lord Robert arrived, 
and was called in and hurried off, with his powder-flask in his pocket. During the battle, on 
several of the grenadiers' muskets missing fire, in consequence of the rain, Robert recollected having 
his powder-flask, and was observed, in the heat of the battle, wiping the pans dry with his hand- 
kerchief, and priming them from his flask, for which cool bravery he got a commission. 

Lord Robert Kerr, after whom he was named, commanded the grenadier company of Barrell's 
foot, and fell at the battle of Culloden, 16th April 1746. Standing at the head of his company, 
when the Highlanders broke into the regiment, he received the foremost man on his spontoon, and 
was instantly killed with many wounds, being then in the bloom of youth and extremely handsome. 



innerwick. Arms. — Gules, a fess cheque, argent 
and azure, between three cinquefoils, 
ermine, all within a bordure of the last, 
charged with right buckles of the third. 

Crest. — A cock, proper. 
Motto. — " Averte velocem Omnipotens 




I. James Hamilton, designed of 
= Ruchbank, the fifth son of Gawin Ha- 
milton of Orbistoun, was the first of 
this family. He accompanied Lord 
Seton, when that nobleman, with some 
others, assisted Queen Mary to escape 
from Lochleven Castle. He was at the 
subsequent battle of Langsyde, was 
taken prisoner and condemned to death, 
but afterwards pardoned. He had his 
estates confiscated however, but they 
were restored by the treaty of Perth in 

He had a charter, under the great Ma g- Sig. Lib. 

. TT ., rr . , xxxii. No. 152. 

seal, " Johanni Hamilton, hlio quond. 
Gavini Hamilton de Orbistoun, terra- 
rum de Ruchbank, in vie. de Renfrew," 
upon the resignation of Arthur, his bro- 
ther, confirmed by Queen Mary, 20th 
March 1565. 

In the list of the Hamiltons, circa Vide Appendix. 
1570, he is designed James Hamilton of 
Ruchbank, " callit goudy lokis." 

He married Margaret, one of the Craw. Gen. 
daughters and co-heirs of Paul Dish-Lib. 
ingtoun of Ardrois,* with whom he got 

* William de Dishington had a charter, from King Robert the First, of the lands of Balgussie, 
in the Thanedome of Aberlemnache, in co. of Forfar. 

There was a charter granted by King David the Second, anno regni 36, (1365,) " Willielmo de 
Dischyntoun, militi, terrarum de Balmeny, molendini de Aberlemnache, terrarum de Tolyquonlath, 
et annui redditus de Flemyntoun in Thanagio de Aberlemnache, et vie. de Forfar." There was 
another charter, granted by the same monarch, " Willielmo de Dischyngtoun, militi, consanguineo 
et hwrediJohannis Burnard, tertio? partis medietatis baronice de Ardrois in vie. de Fyf, et tertia; partis 
baronies de Curry in vie. de Edinburgh, qua; fuerunt dicti Johannis Burnard, dated 17th March, 
anno regni 39, (1368). This Sir William Dischingtoun had a charter, from the same monarch, of 
the lands ot Kilbrackmonth in Fife, on the resignation of Walter Bisset.— Robertson's Index. 

The next of the name we meet with was Thomas Dischingtoun, who had a charter, from Robert 
the Third, of the lands of Kilbrackmonth, and other lands lying in the counties of Fife, Kinross, 
and Edinburgh. 

From the same monarch, William de Dischingtoun had a charter of various lands lying in these 
three counties. 


the estates of Kilbrackmonth, Long- 
harmistoun, and others, and by whom 
he had issue : 

1. James, his heir. 

I. Margaret, married to John Ha- 
milton of Broomhill. 

Baronage, 523. 2. Helen, married, first, to Bruce of 
Bangour, secondly, to William Congal- 
toun of that Ilk. 

II. James Hamilton of Kilbrack- 
month, who had a precept of sasine as 
heir of James Hamilton of Ruchbank, 
his father, of a house and orchard in the 
town of Hamilton, of date 17th May 

He married, first, Agnes Betoun, as 
Mag. Sig. Lib. appears by the following charter, under 
the great seal, "Jacobo Hamilton, juniori 
de Ruchbank, et Agnetce Betoun, ejus 
sponsce, terrarum de Kinbrakmonth in vie. 
de Fyff," dated 28th May 1606. Se- 
condly, Anna Stewart, as appears from 
Ibid. another charter, under the great seal, 
Jacobo Hamilton de Kilbrakmonth, et 
Annce Stewart, ejus sponsor, terrarum de 
Malleny in vie. de Edinburgh," dated 9th 
July 1618. He left issue : 

1. George, his heir. 

2. John Hamilton of Clatto, who mar- 
ried Grizel, daughter of James Aytoun 
of Grange, advocate, and had issue* 
Robert, who succeeded to his uncle 

3. Frederick Hamilton of Lingo. 


III. George Hamilton of Kdbrack- kilbrack- 

11111 MONTH. 

month, who had a charter, under the; 

great seal, " Georgio Hamilton, filio et™l£'^' 277 
hceredi apparenti Jacobi Hamilton de 
Kilbrakmonth, terrarum de Kilbrakmonth 
in vie. de Fyff," dated loth June 1624. 

On the 20th August 1647 he was re- i nq . R e t. Edin. 
toured heir to Margaret Dishingtoun, 98s ' 
legitimate daughter of Paul Dishingtoun 
of Ardrois, his grandmother, in half the 
lands and barony of Currie, and lord- 
ship of Longharmistoun, and the other 
half of the said lands, barony and lord- 
ship, lying in the parish of Currie and 
co. of Edinburgh. 

He married Jean Napier, daughter of wood's Pcer- 
the Great Napier the inventor of the age ' "■ 292, 
Logarithms, by whom he had no issue. 
He was succeeded by his nephew, 

IV. Robert Hamilton of Kilbrack- 
month, who had a charter, under the 
great seal, " Roberto Hamilton, terrarum Mag. Sig. Lib 
de Kinbrakmonth," dated 3d May 1671. lix - No - 323 - 
On the 11th January 1687 he was re-i nq . Rct Gen 
toured heir to his uncle, Frederick Ha- ' 28 *' 
milton of Lingo, in half the lands of 
Lingo, within the lordship and regality 
of Pittenweem. 

He- married Margaret, daughter of Martin's Gen. 
Sir John Carstairs, by whom he- had L ° b ' ' ' 

1. Philip, his heir, and several other 
sons and daughters. 

" Johne Dischintoune de Ardrois" is mentioned in the Acta Auditorum, p. 116, of date 16th 
October 1488. 

This family ended, in the male line, with Paul Dischingtoun of Ardrois, who left two daughters, 
co-heiresses, Margaret, married to James Hamilton, and Jean, to Gawin Hamilton of Raploch. 



kilbrack- V. Philip Hamilton of Kilbrack- 


— month, who had a charter, under the 
Mag. Sig. Lib. - „.. 

icii. No. 113. great seal " Jrhilippo Hamilton de Kil- 
brakmonth, et Roberto Hamilton, filio 
natu maximo, terrarum de Kilbrak- 
month," dated 18th February 1730. 
Martin's Gen. He married, in October 1696, Helen, 
Li D .' 'eldest daughter of John Gedde of St 

Nicholas, widow of Mr James Lentron, 
by whom he had issue : 

1. Robert, his heir, and other children. 

VI. Robert Hamilton of Kilbrack- 

month, who was mentioned in the charter 
above-mentioned. He is said to have 
married a daughter of Sir James Wemyss 
of Bogie, but whether they had any issue 
or not is uncertain. 

Arms. — Quarterly, first and fourth, 
Hamilton, gules, three cinquefoils, er- 
mine, second and third on a bend, sable, 
three escallops, Or, for Dishingtoun. 

Crest. — A hand pulling a cinquefoil, 

Motto. — " Et neglecta virescit" 


kincavel. I. Sib Patrick Hamilton, Knt., 
~ ™" ~~- — ~ "" natural son of James, first Lord Hamil- 
ton, was the founder of this family. He 
was a man of great consideration and 
respectability in his time, having been 
employed in several negotiations and 
embassies of importance. Further par- 
ticulars of his life will be found in the 
first part of these Memoirs, under the 
head of the First Lord Hamilton, and 
his son, the Earl of Arran. 
Mag. sig. Lib. He had a charter, under the great 
402 ' seal, " Patricio Hamilton, militi, terra- 

rum de Kincavel, in vie. de Linlithgow," 

dated 22d September 1498; and another, 
" super officio vicecomitis de Linlithgow, 
et custodies de Blackness," dated 8th 
February 1498-9. 

In a charter of settlement of the Ha- 

Mag. Sig. 

milton estates, by the first Earl of Arran, ™£ *™' Nos " 
dated 16th January 1512-13, he was 
called next in succession after his bro- 
ther's natural son, Sir James Hamilton 
of Fynnart, being the second in succes- 
sion at that time : four days afterwards 
his legitimation passed under the great 

He married Catherine,* daughter of Wood's Peer- 
age, i. 59. 

• Duncan Stewart, in his History of the Stewarts, says that her mother was Lady Catherine 
Sinclair, eldest daughter of William, Earl of Orkney and Caithness. The marriage betwixt her 
father and mother was dissolved on account of propinquity of blood, and the sentence of divorce 
was pronounced by the official of Lothian, 2d March 1*77 — 8. 


Pinkerton, ii. 

Chalm. Caled. 
ii. 846. 

Ibid. ii. 8*7. 

Alexander, Duke of Albany, second son 
of King James the Second, by whom he 
had issue : 

1. James, his successor. 

2. Patrick Hamilton, Abbot of Feme 
in Rosshire, who, after a residence 
abroad, where he studied at several fa- 
mous universities, imbibed the doctrines 
of the Reformed religion, and, shortly 
after his return to Scotland, was brought 
by the Romish clergy to the stake, in 
February 1527-8, having thus acquired 
the eternal fame of the Scottish proto- 
martyr of the freedom of the human mind. 

Sir Patrick of Kincavel was killed in 
the skirmish betwixt the Hamiltons and 
the Douglasses on the High Street of 
Edinburgh, 30th April 1520, commonly 
called " Clean the Causeway" being 
succeeded by his son, 

II. James Hamilton of Kincavel, 
sheriff of Linlithgowshire, and Captain 
of Blackness. He rendered his accounts 
at the Exchequer in Edinburgh, as 
6heriiF of Linlithgow, 14th July 1525. 

In 1534 he was summoned before the 
ecclesiastical court to answer to a charge 
of heresy. As he knew and dreaded 
the power of his enemies, he fled abroad, 
and, on his non-appearance at Holy- 
roodhouse, on the 16th of August, (the 
day of citation,) the Bishop of Ross, as 
commissioner for the Archbishop of St 
Andrew's, pronounced the doom of 

heresy. After an exile of six years, he kincaxel. 

was permitted, in 1540, to return home ~ 

for a few months to arrange his private 
affairs; at which time, through the 
medium of his son, he preferred the 
charge of high-treason against his kins- 
man, Sir James Hamilton of Fynnart, 
which ultimately brought that person- 
age to the scaffold. The sentence of the 
Bishop of Ross was afterwards reversed 
by the General Assembly, in 1563. 

He had a charter of the lands of Liv- Mag. sig. Lib. 
ingston Cousland, in Linlithgowshire, of X!CX- ~' s " 
date 15th October 1546. He had like- 
wise a charter, " Jacobo Hamilton de Ibid. No. 3*fc'. 
Kincavell, et Isobellce Sempill, sponsce sua, 
terrarum de Livingstoun, §-c. in vie. de 
Linlithgow," dated 12th June 1549. 

By the said Isobel Semple he had 

III. James Hamilton of Kincavel, 
who had a charter, under the great seal, ibid. 
" Jacobo Hamilton, Jilio et haredi ap- Jj£ xxvii ' No ' 
parenti Jacobi Hamilton, olim * de Kin- 
cavel," of two houses in the town of Lin- 
lithgow, dated 5th February 1540. 

He espoused the side of Queen Mary, Craw. Mem. 
and accompanied his kinsmen the Ha- 
miltons to the battle of Langsyde, where 
he was taken prisoner and condemned 
to death by the Regent Murray, but 
was afterwards reprieved and pardoned 
at the intercession of the Reformed Wfebaw, MS. 
clergy. His estates, which had been 

• This expression applies to the father lying at that time under the doom of heresy. He after- 
wards acquired his estate, (which had been gifted to James of Fynnart, in 1535, along with the 
sheriffship of Linlithgowshire, vide p. 285,) as he is designed of Kincavel, in the charters above 
quoted, in 1546 and 1549. 




k iNc a v el. confiscated, were restored to him by the 
Reg. Sec. Cone, treaty of Perth, in 1572. On the 10th 
February, same year, lie executes an ob- 
ligation to maintain the true faith, and 
not again to relapse into popery, a curi- 
ous vacillation in his uncle's nephew. 
The next we meet, most probably his 
son, was 

Fairliolm, MS. IV. PATRICK HAMILTON of Kincavel, 

who, adhering to the interests of the 

Hamilton family, was obliged to fly into 
England, and had his lauds confiscated, 
but, returning with the exiled lords in 
1585, they were restored. 

There was a charter passed the great Mag. Sig. Lib . 
seal, " Patricio Hamilton, filio natu 
maximo Jacobi Hamilton de Peill de 
Livingstoun, terrarum de Livingstoun" 
&c, dated 24th May 1593; which I 
conceive was the same family as Kin- 




Alexander Hamilton, of Kinglass, 
obtained a charter from James, Marquis 
of Hamilton, of sundry tenements and 
acres near Graham's Dike, about 1622. 

On the 12th July 1627, there was a 
contract of marriage " betwixt Alex- 
ander, second son of Alexander Hamil- 
ton of Kinglass, and Elizabeth Forrester, 
his spouse, and John Hamilton, their 
eldest son, and appairand heir, on the 
one part, and Marion Williamson, relict 
of the deceased Alexander Forrester, 
sumtyme servitour to our soveraigne 

lord, umquhile James the Sext, of maist 
worthie memorie, on the uther part." 

John Hamilton of Kinglass, in 1644, 
was one of the committee of war for the 
co. of Linlithgow- He married a wife, 
of the name of Livingston, by whom he 
had issue a son, John, who, on the 10th 
April 1669, along with John Hamilton 
of Kinglass, his father, gave a disposi- 
tion of the lands of Kinglass, to William 
and Anne, Duke and Duchess of Ha- 

* In a document, (Reg. Seer. Cone. 26th April 1 566,) James Hamilton of Kincavel, and James 
Hamilton of Livingston, appear among several other sureties; they were probably father and son. 
In the same record (vol. 1594>—1598, p. 373 and p. 589,) these figure in a curious action, James 
Hamilton of the Peil of Livingston, Agnes Ookburne, his spouse, Patrick, James, John, Claud, 
and Alexander Hamilton, their sons. 


I. James Hamilton of Kirktoun- 
Mag. sig. Lib. holme had a charter, " to himself and 
Agnes Crawford, his spouse," of the 
church lands of Kirktoun of Kilbryde, 
dated the penult day of July 1559. He 
was succeeded by, 

Com. Rec. Glas. II. ARCHIBALD HAMILTON of Kirk- 

tounholme, who, on the 30th January 
1615, lent the sum of " twa hundred 
merkis to Archibald Rid, hilman at Car- 
phin coal heuche." 
n>id. In January 1632 he was cautioner for 

Margaret, relict of umquhile James 
Hamilton of Barncluith. He had issue : 

1. Robert, who succeeded him. kirktoun- 


1. Janet. == 

2. Agnes. 

He was dead before 1649. 

III. Robert Hamilton of Kirk- Com.Rec.Gles. 
tounholme, who, on the 22d June 1655, 

was appointed executor for umquhile 
Robert Hamilton of Torrance. 

IV. James Hamilton of Kirktoun- 
holme, who is, circa 1666, repeatedly 
mentioned in the sheriff court records 
of Hamilton. 

LADYLAND, vide Ardoch. 



There was an old family of Leck- 
previcks, de Eodem, one of which was 
printer to King James the Fifth. I 
have been unable to ascertain from 
whom the Hamiltons of Leckprevick 
were descended. 

I. The first met with was Andrew lfxkprevick. 

Hamilton of Leckprevick, who was re- ■ " 

stored from forfeiture, by the treaty of 
Perth, in 1572. The next was, 


Robert Hamilton of Leckpre- 





leckprevick. vick, who, for his attachment to Queen 
Mary's interests, and siding with his 
kinsmen the Hamiltons, was deprived 
of his lands and driven into banishment, 
but returned with the exiled lords, in 

He married Isabell, daughter of Da- 
vid Crawford of Ferme, by whom he 
had issue : 

1. William, his heir. 

1. Janet, married to Sir Claud Ha- ure's Rutin- 
milton of Sliawfield. g,en - 

III. William Hamilton, of Leck- 
previck, who was proprietor of the teinds 
of the parish of Rutherglen, — for we Com. Rec. 
find him, in 1619, claiming from Anna- 
bell Lady Ferme, thirteen bolls of teind- 
meal, due that year. 


lethame. I. Archibald Hamilton of Le- 
thame is the first that has been met 
with in the records. He had a charter, 

Mag. Sig. Lib. under the great seal, — " Archibaldo 
Hamilton de Lethame, terrarum de 
Netker-Lethame," dated 30th January 

ibid.Lib.xxviii. 15JJ1. He had another charter, — 

" Archibaldo Hamilton de Lethame, 

terrarum de Littil-Kype et St Bride's 

Chapel," dated 10th January 1542. 

He had a brother, Matthew Hamil- 

ibid. Lib. xxii. ton, who had a charter, — " Matheo 
Hamilton, fratri germano Archibaldi 
Hamilton de Lethame, de quatuor bovatis 
terrarum regis de terris dominicalibus de 
Bothhennar, in vie. de Stirling," dated Lib. xxiv. May 1548; and another, " Matheo 
Hamilton et Mariota Hamilton, ejus 
sponsce, dimidietatis terrarum de Drum- 
cross, in vie. de Linlithgow," dated 24th 

July 1532. The next, most probably 
his son, was 

II. Andrew Hamilton of Lethame, 
who had a charter, under the great seal, 
" Andrea Hamilton de Lethame, terrarum 
de Drumcross, in vie. de Linlithgow," 
dated 30th December 1552. He was 
at the Raid of Stirling in 1571. He left 
issue : 

1. Andrew, his heir. 

2. George. 

3. Archibald, who returned with the Fairholm MS. 
banished Lords, in 1585. He was after- £ ro ' oc , 01 B> 

' Robertoun. 

wards one of the archers of the Scottish 
guard to the king of France. 

4. James, mentioned in the commis- 
sary records of Glasgow. 

Andrew of Lethame died before 1585, sher.Rec.Ham. 
and was succeeded by his son, 



Rob. Renf. 

III. Andrew Hamilton of Lethame, 
who, 29th December 1585, was witness 
C0m.Rcc.Gla5. to a contract of marriage " betwixt 
Maistress Jeane, dochter natural of Lord 
John Hamilton, and Sir Vmfra Colqu- 
houn of Luss." 

He was served heir in general to his 
brother George, 28th July 1 599. 

He married Margaret, daughter of 
George Hamilton of Preston, (they are 
mentioned, in 1607, in the General 
Register of Deeds, vol. 135, fol. 288,) 
by whom he had issue : 

1. Andrew, his heir. 

2. James, who was witness to the 
infeftment by Gawin Hamilton of Rap- 
loch, of the lands of Sunnyside, 20th 
November 1623. 

IV. Andrew Hamilton of Lethame, 
who was retoured heir to his brother 
in the lands of Little Kype, the lands 
of St Bride's Chapel, and the lands of 
Cairnduffe, and Nether Lethame, of 
date 20th November 1623. 

He had a charter of the north half of 
the lands of Kittiemuir, of date 21st 
March 1626. He died before 1643, as 
appears from the sheriff records of 
Hamilton, and was succeeded by 

Protocol) B. 

Mag. Sig. Lib 
li. No. 101. 

V. David Hamilton of Lethame, 
Scots Acts of who was appointed, in 1 643, one of the 


commissioners of the co. of Lanark, for 

looking after fugitives and deserters lethame. 
from the army. He had issue : 

1. Claud, his heir. 

2. David of Auchtool.* 

1. Daughter, married to Inglis of 

VI. Claud Hamilton of Lethame, 
who married Christian, second daughter 
of James Hamilton of Briggs in Lin- 
lithgowshire, by whom he had issue : 

1. James, his heir. 

1. Anna, who succeeded her brother. 

2. Jean, married to John Thom, 
surgeon in Edinburgh. 

S. Christian, married to Allason of 

4. Margaret. 

5. Mary. 

Claud of Lethame married, secondly, 
Catherine Arbuckle, a lady of singular 
beauty, by whom he does not appear to 
have had any issue. She married, 
secondly, and was the second wife of 
Hugh Montgomery of Coylesfield, an- Wood's Pccr- 
cestor of the present Earl of Eglintoun, ase ' '' 508 ' 
and had issue. 

VII. James Hamilton of Lethame, 
who married the eldest daughter of the 

above mentioned Hugh Montgomery of ibid. 
Coylesfield. He made a disposition of 
the cattle to his sisters, Margaret and 
Mary, in liferent, and to his nephew, 

* " David had two sons,— David and Gawin. Gawin having engaged in a duel with Mair of Miln- 
ton in Lesmahagow parish, wherein Mair fell, it was alleged by his friends, that David Hamil- 
ton, the father, tripped Mair, and caused him to be slain by his son, for which the said David was 
brought to trial, convicted, and beheaded by the maiden, at the cross of Edinburgh, 1 4th June 1676. 
The antagonists were both very young at the time. — Hume's Commentaries, p. 411." 



lethame. John Knox, in fee; and, dying in 
1727 without issue, he was succeeded hy, 

VII. Anna Hamilton, who married, 
21st November 1689, John Knox, sur- 
geon in Strathaven, to whom she had 
issue : 

1. John, who succeeded, by disposi- 
tion of his uncle, to the estate. 

1. Christian, who died unmarried in 

2. Margaret, who married William 
Hamilton at Rosehall, and had issue : 
1. Francis. 2. Charles. 3. William. 
4. John. Francis, the eldest son, writer 
in Strathaven, and afterwards in Ha- 
milton, married Margaret Rankine,sister 
of Charles Rankine, surgeon in Douglas, 
and had issue, William Hamilton, 
writer, and now chief Magistrate of 
Hamilton, and other children. 

VIII. John Knox of Lethame, sur- 
geon in Strathaven, who married Mar- 
ion, only child and heiress of William 
Semple of Nethershiells, by whom he 
had issue : 

1. John, who died young. 

2. William, who succeeded to Le- 

3. James, some time writer in Kil- 
bryde, afterwards of Nethershiells, 
better known by the name of " Clerk 
Knox," remarkable for his curious re- 
searches in genealogy and topography. 

IX. William Knox of Lethame, 
one of his Majesty's justices of the peace 
for the co. of Lanark. He sold the 
estate of Lethame to Nisbet of Sornhill 
in Ayrshire. He was married and had 
issue, and died in 1786. 

VISCOUNT LIMERICK, vide Earl of Clanbrassil. 

ffittU 0artiwfc, 



I. James Hamilton, son of Sir 
i James Hamilton of Mungwell,* lineally 
of the family, descended of the family of Bruntwood, 

penes me. wag the fo^ of this f am il y . 

He married, circa 1507, Agnes Ma- 
chan,f heiress of Little Earnock, with 
whom he got these lands, and had 

* The lands of St Mungo's Well, lying in the barony of Drem, lordship of Byres, and con- 
stabulary of Haddington, are mentioned in the Acta Auditorum, circa 1480. 

t The lands of Little Earnock, as well as other lands in the parish of Hamilton, anciently 
belonged to the Machans. 


II. Robert Hamilton of Little 
Earnock, who married Janet, daughter 
of John Roberton of Earnock, by whom 
lie had issue : 

1. Claud, his heir. 

1. Euphame, who, by Lord John 
Hamilton, first Marquis of Hamilton, 
was mother of Sir John Hamilton of 
Lettrick, father of the first Lord Bar- 

III. Claud Hamilton of Little 
Earnock, who, about 1580, married 
Alison, daughter of John Ross of 
Thorntoun, in the parish of Kilbryde, 
by whom he had issue : 

1. John, his heir. 

2. James, who purchased the lands 
of Bangour in Linlithgowshire, and was 
the first of that family. 

3. Alexander, one of the ministers of 

4. David, a physician in Glasgow. 

IV. John Hamilton of Little Ear- 
nock, who was chamberlain to the 
family of Hamilton. 

He married his cousin Margaret, 
daughter of Ross of Thorntoun, by 
whom he had issue : 

1. James, who succeeded, and several 
other children who died young. 

V. James Hamilton of Little Ear- 
nock, who, about the year 1656, mar- 
ried Anna, youngest daughter of James 
Hamilton of Barncluith, by whom he 
had issue : 

1. James, his heir. 

2. John, who married Anna, daugh- 

ter of Mr Gibson, minister of Oldham- littlk 


stocks, and had issue. j.....,— 

3. Quintin, who died unmarried. 

1. Marion, who, about J 701, married 
Alexander Cunison, writer, and one of 
the magistrates of Hamilton, and had 

2. Margaret, married to Arthur 
Hutton, also one of the magistrates of 
Hamilton, and had issue. 

3. Anna, died unmarried. 

VI. James Hamilton of Little Ear- 
nock, writer in Edinburgh, who, about itec. City Edin. 
1687, married Agnes, daughter of An- 
drew Anderson, King's printer, and 

had issue : 

1. William, his heir. 

1. ^$rwes,married to Archibald Camp- 
bell of Rachean, and had issue. 

2. Elizabeth, married to Patrick 
Alexander of Corsclays, and had issue. 

VII. William Hamilton of Little 
Earnock, who, about 17 12, married Jean, 
daughter of John Telfer, bailie ofLeith, 
by whom he had issue : 

1. James, who, in 1740, went with 
General Keith to Russia, and died in 
1750, a captain in the Russian service, 

2. Quintin, tanner in Hamilton, who 
married Anne, daughter of Thomas Hut- 
ton, writer in Hamilton, and had issue, 
one son, Thomas, who died unmarried. 

3. William, bred an upholsterer in 

1. Agnes, married to John Bryson 
of Hartfield in Renfrewshire, and Neils- 



little land and Sheriffaulds in Lanarkshire, 


— and bad issue. 

VIII. William Hamilton, the third 
son, acquired the lands of Bothwell 
Park. He married, first, Margaret, 
daughter of Mr Hill of Musselburgh, 
by whom he had issue : 

1. James, and other children who 
died young. 

He married, secondly, Anne, daugh- 
ter of Mr Story of Hamilton, by whom 
he had issue : 

1. Robert, who died young. 

1. Anne, who was left by her father 
the property of Bothwell Park. Shemar- 
ried Alexander Gray, Esq. his Majesty's 
attorney-general for Canada, to whom 
she had issue : 1. Anne, married to 
Thomas Edington, Esq. of the Phoenix 
Iron Works, Glasgow, and has issue. 
2. Margaret. 3. Isabella, married to 
Gilbert Gardner, M.D. in the East India 
Company's service, and has issue. 

IX. James Hamilton, who married 
Beatrice, daughter of Mr Wood of Ed- 
nam, by whom he had issue : 

1. Robert- William. 

1. Margaret, married to Alexander 
Forbes Irvine of Schivas, and younger 
of Drum. 

X. Robert-William Hamiltox, 
merchant in Leith, the representative 
of the Hamiltons of Little Earnock, 
married Janet, daughter of William 
Hunter of Glenormiston. 

Arms. — " James Hamilton of Little 
Earnock, lawfully descended of a younger 
son of the family of Bruntwood, bears, 
gules, a mollet, argent, betwixt three 
cinquefoils, ermine, a chief embattled of 
the second. 

" Crest. — a boar's head, erazed, pro- 

Motto. — " Non Metuo." 

The patent granting these arms is 
dated 21st February 1687, and signed 
" Alexander Areskine, Lyon." 




Baillie's MS. I. ALLAN HAMILTON, the fourth Son 

^en. is. penes o £ j ames Hamilton of Torrance, was 
the first of this family. The next, who 
appears to have been Ms son, was, 

II. Robert Hamilton of MacUing- 
Mag. Sig. Lib. hoill, who had a charter, under the great 
seal, of the lands of Machlinghoill, dated 
2d August 1593. He had issue : 

1. Claud, his heir. 

2. Robert, merchant-burgess of Dun- 
dee, whose son, John, succeeded his 
uncle, Claud. 

vxxix. No. 251. 

Inq. de Tutela, 
399. 400. 401. 

III. Claud Hamilton of Machling- 

inq. Ret. Lan. hoill, who was served heir to his father 

70 - 

in the forty-shilling land of Machling- 
hoill, of date 24th January 1607. 

He was a member of the household, 
or attendant upon the second Marquis 
of Hamilton, as appears from an agree- 

Com.Rec.Clas. ment of this tencr : " Att Hamilton, ye 
2d April 1623 : It is agreed between 
Claud Hamilton of Machlinghoill, on 
ye ane pairt, and James Hamilton of 
Sheills, in Kilbryde, oh ye vther pairt ; 
forasmeikle as the said Claud is shortlie 
to depart furthe of the realme of Scot- 
land to the kingdom of Inglande, to at- 
tend vpon the Marques of Hamilton, he I 


ordains the said James to tak care of machung- 
his property, guidis and gear, during — — 

his absence," &c. 

He married Catherine, daughter of Baronage, 5h. 
Sir James Maxwell of Calderwood, (who 
afterwards married Mr Dickson a clergy- 
man,) by whom he had no issue; and 
dying in July 1635, as appears from his 
registered testament, he was succeeded Com.Rec.Glas. 
by his nephew, 

IV. John Hamilton of Machling- 
hoill, who married Jean Hamilton ; by 
whom he had issue : 

1. Robert, his heir. 

2. John, who died young. 

1. Anna, who succeeded her brother 
Robert in the property. 

V. Robert Hamilton of Machling- 
hoill, who was served heir of John, his r n q. Ret. Gen. 
father, on the 16th November 1646. 3203, 
Dying without issue he was succeeded 

by his sister, 

V. Anna Hamilton of Machling- 11>!d Forfa| . 

hoill. She was retoured heir to her^ 18, ?? 7 ' 

Lan. 24o. 

grandfather, Robert, in property near 
Dundee, of date 2d March 1653, and to 
Claud of Machlinghoill, her " guid- 



machling- schir's brother," in the forty shilling 

HOILL. J _ ° 

=Iands of Machlinghoill, and the third 
245. part of the lands of Leckprevick, in the 

barony of Kilbryde, of the same date. 

She was married to Robert Acheson 
of SydseriF. 




Craw. Mem. 

Ibid. 313. 

1. Captain Arthur Hamilton is 
the first we find of this family. He was 
strongly attached to the house of Hamil- 
ton, and, being a commander of some 
note, he was engaged in all the enter- 
prises and warfare of the period, under 
Lord John and Lord Claud Hamilton. 

He defended the castle of Cadyow, in 
1570, against the English troops under 
Sir William Drury ; and, when forced 
to surrender, obtained honourable con- 
ditions for himself and garrison; which 
were afterwards shamefully broken. He 
was banished, and his possessions con- 
fiscated, but they were afterwards re- 
stored by the treaty of Perth, 1572. 

He commanded again in the Castle of 
Cadyow, in 1579, when the Regent 
Morton sent a body of troops to seize 

Lord John and Lord Claud Hamilton ; 
and being forced, by superior numbers, 
after two days' determined resistance, 
to yield, he was, along with the garrison, 
marched prisoners to Stirling, where 
the Regent, to gratify his hatred of the 
Hamiltons, caused him to be publicly 

II. John Hamilton of Merritoun, 
who was most probably the son of Arthur. 
His name appears in the commissary 
records of Glasgow, in 1595 and 1596, 
where it is also stated that he had 

From the same authority it appears 
there was an Archibald Hamilton of 
Merritoun in 1610, and a Robert Ha- 
milton of Merritoun in 1630. 




milburne. !• There was an old family of Ha- 
======== miltons settled at Milburne,* of whom 

the first that we have been able to dis- 
cover any notices, was Matthew Hamil- 
ton of Milburne, who was the intimate 
friend and confidant of the Duke of 
Chatelherault, and has been blamed, by 
John Knox, as being a rank and incor- 
rigible papist. 
Mag. sig. Lib. He had a charter, under the great 
«x. No. 4.59. gealj « Matheo Hamilton de Milburne, 
terrarum de Houstoun in vie. de Linlith- 
gow" dated in 1549. He had another 
charter, "Matheo Hamilton de Milburne, 
et Agnetce Levingstone, sponsce suae, et 
Henrico Hamilton, suojilio et hceredi ap- 
parenti, terrarum de Houstoun in vie. 
de Linlithgow," dated 30th November 

By the said Agnes Livingstone he 
had issue, Henry., his heir apparent, 
who died before his father; and Matthew 
of Milburne was succeeded by his bro- 

ibid. Lib. xxv. II. Robekt Hamilton of Milburne, 
who had a charter, under the great seal, 
" Roberto Hamilton, fratri quondam 
Mathei Hamilton de Milburne, terrarum 
de Livingstone, in vie. de Linlithgow, 
dated 6th June 1569. He was suc- 
ceeded by, 

III. Robert Hamilton of Milburne, 
who, on the 20th May 1581, was re- Inq. Ret. Lan. 
toured heir to Robert, his father, in a 
tenement of land in the town of Hamil- 
ton, and seven acres of land annexed 
to the same. 

He was on the inquest of retour of Ibid. Lan. 30. 
James Hamilton of Stanehouse, of date 
29th May 1602. He had issue : 

1. Robert, his heir. 

2. James, a Captain in the Army, 
who served with Middleton and Glen- 
cairn in the civil wars. 

IV. Robert Hamilton of Milburne, 
who, on the 22d October 1646, was Inq. Ret. Gen. 
served heir in general of his father, 
Robert Hamilton of Milburne. 

He married Isabella Hamilton, by 
whom he had issue : 

1. Robert, his heir, and several other Com. Rec.Glas. 
children, who, at the time of his de- 
cease, in 1654, were under age. 

V. Robert Hamilton of Milburne, 
who was served in general to his father i„q. R et . Gen. 
Robert, of date 12th February 1659. 4423 - 
He was again retoured heir to his father ibid. Lan. 297. 
in the lands and barony of Stanehouse, 
dated 5th January 1666. 

I have been unable to trace this fa- 
mily further. 

* Said, by Baillie, to be descended from Thomas Hamilton of Darngaber, son of Sir John Ha- 
milton ofCadyow; by Crawford, from Robert, son of John of Whistleberry, son of Sir James 
Hamilton of Cadyow. 




Wodrow, ii. 

monkland. I. Robert Hamilton, the second 
liarona^e 464. son °f J ames Hamilton of Dalziel, was 

the first of this family. 
Com.Rec.Glas. In 1654, he appears in the testament 

of the elder Robert Hamilton of Mil- 

burne, as his creditor to the amount of 

S000 merks. 

In June 1679, having, whilst the co- 
venanters were encamped on Schaw- 
headmuir, (previously to the battle of 
Bothwellbridge,) gone to the camp, 
which was not far from his dwelling- 
house, to seek his son, a boy of seven 
years of age, who had wandered thither, 
he was apprehended some time after- 
wards, as having joined the covenanters; 
tried by an assize, on the 30th July, 
and condemned to death, to suffer on 
the 1 0th August thereafter, but was re- 
prieved. He was as hardly dealt with 
as any in the west country at this time, 
though nothing was proved against him 
but necessary converse with the cove- 
nanters while looking after his son. 
Ibid. 526. His property was confiscated, which 

was ratified in the Parliament in May 
1685. He lost eight years' rent of his 
estate, amounting to 16,000/. Scots, and, 
by persecution and oppression, was 
brought so low that his son was con- 
strained, after the Revolution, to sell 
half of the estate. 

II. William Hamilton of Monk- inq. Ret. Lan. 
land, who was retoured heir, 24th June 

1692, to his father, Robert, in the lands 
and barony of Monkland, comprehend- 
ing the lands of Peddersburne, Broomie- 
syd, the Mill of Peddersburne, &c. 

He left a son, Andrew, and a daugh- 
ter, Mary ; and, after living to a great 
age, died about the year 1750. 

III. Andrew Hamilton of Monk- Sher.Rec. Him. 
land, who, in 1745, obtained a disposi- 
tion, from William, his father, of some 

lands in Lanarkshire. 

Hamilton of Barrachney in Lanark- 
shire is now, I believe, the male repre- 
sentative of this family. 

MONKTOUN MAINS, vide Bothwellhaugu. 





I. Sir Robert Hamilton of Mount- 
= Hamilton, in the co. of Armagh, Knt., 

reer^e i"is2. second son of George Hamilton of 
Cairnes, descended from the House of 
Preston, married Sarah, only daughter 
of Sir Hans Hamilton of Monella and 
Hamilton's-Ba\vn,hy whom he hadissue 
an only son : 

1. Sir Hans, his successor. 
Sir Robert was appointed, 21st 
March 1681, Gustos Rotidorwn of the 
co. of Armagh; created a Baronet, 19th 
February 1682; and died in 1703, being 
succeeded by his son, 


II. Sir Hans Hamilton of Mount- 
Hamilton, Bart., who was born in 1676. 
He married Jane, eldest daughter of 

Clotworthy, second Viscount Massa- 
rene, and dying in 1729, or 1730, was 
succeeded by Anne, his daughter and 
heiress, who married James Campbell, 
of London, Esq., who assumed the name 
of Hamilton, and died in that city, 7th 
July 1749, aged 80. 

Arms. — Sir Robert Hamilton, of Register Lyon 
Mount -Hamilton, in Leland, second Nisb ^" t 
lawful son of George Hamilton of 
Cairnes, who was descended of the 
house of Preston, bears, gules, three 
cinquefoils, ermine, within a bordure, 
parted per pale, argent and Or. 

Crest. — Within an adder, disposed 
in circle, a cock in a guarding posture, 
all proper. 

Motto. — " Adest Prudenti Animus." 



neilsland. I. John Hamilton, Preceptor of 
MS Gen Hist St Leonard's, the fifth son of James 
penes Hamil- Hamilton of Raploch, and brother to 

ton of Barnes. 

Gawin Hamilton, Commendator of Kil- 
winning, was the first of this family. 

He had a charter, under the great Mag. sig. Lib. 
seal, " Joanni Hamilton de Neilsland, "*' No " 389 " 
terrarum de Scheilzairdis et Scftakilhill,'" 
dated 6th October 1549 ; and another, Ibit j 
" Joanni Hamilton de Neilsland, etlj% *«-No. 



neilsland. Elizabeths Hamilton, ejus sponsce, terra- 
~ rum de Birdisfield, Bellsfield, et Syde," 
Baronage, 466. dated 20th May 1550. 

He married, about 1530, Elizabeth, 
daughter and heiress of Patrick Hamil- 
ton of Udstoun, by whom he had issue : 

1. John, who, in right of his mother, 
succeeded to Udstoun. 

2. James, who succeeded to the Neils - 
land estate. 

I. Daughter, Elizabeth, married to 
James Dundas of Newliston. 

II. James Hamilton of Neilsland, 
Mag. Sig. Lib. wn0 nac j a charter, under the great seal, 

«xi. No. 208. ' " 

" Jacobo Hamilton, filio et hceredi appa- 
renti Johannis Hamilton de Neilsland, 
terrarum de Ovir Snar et Glenkip in vie. 
de Lanark," dated 18th February 1552. 
Craw. Mem. He was at the battle of Langsyde, 

9 56. 

for which he was forfeited, but, having 
been included in the treaty of Perth, 
1572, his estate was restored to him. 
Shei.Rec.Ham. He had a charter of lands from Sir 
James Sandilands of Calder, Lord St 
John, dated 21st September 1560. He 
had issue : 

1. James, his heir. 

2. John. 

ibid. HI. James Hamilton of Neilsland. 

In 1595, he disponed, to his son John, 
the lands of Ernockmuir and others. 
Ibid. In 1603 he had a charter, from James, 
Lord Torfichen, confirming the one be- 
fore granted to his father. 

By his wife, Barbara, he had issue : 
1. John, his heir. 
Com. Rec. Glas. 2. Gawin, who, February 9th 1595, 
purchased, from John Hamilton of 

Woodhall, " ane hogheid of herring, and 
foure aivers, for which ye said Gawin 
engages to the said John to pay him the 
sowme of 331. 6s. 8d. Scottis." 

1. Margaret, married to John Ha- Gilk. MS. 
milton of Gilkerscleugh. 

James of Neilsland died before 1608, 
and was succeeded by his son, 

IV. John Hamilton of Neilsland, Sher.Rec.Ham. 
who, in 1625, had a charter from Lord 
Torfichen, confirming the one previ- 
ously granted to his father and grand- 

He married, before July 1594, I S a- ComRecGla «' 
bella, daughter of John Hamilton of 
Broomhill, by whom he had issue : 

1. James, his heir. 

2. John. 

3. William. 
He died in December 1653, and was 

succeeded by his son, 

V. James Hamilton of Neilsland, Scots Acts of 


who, in 1647, was appointed one of the 
committee of war for the co. of Lanark. 
In 1662 he was fined, by the Earl of 
Middleton, for non-conformity and re- Wol3row - 
fusing the test, in the sum of 1000/. 

By his first wife he had issue : Com. Rec. GI; 

1. Patrick, his heir. 
By his second wife, Jean Hamilton, 

he had issue : 

2. Robert. 

1. Jean. 

2. Margaret, married to John Ha- sherRecHan 
milton of Blanterferme. 

He died in 1665, and was succeeded 
by his son, 


Church Hist 
i. 417. 

VI. Patrick Hamilton of Neils- 
land, who was imprisoned, in 1676, for 
alleged attendance at conventicles ; and 
being ordered to purge himself by oath, 
he refused. He was fined in 300/. Scots, 
and, after three months' confinement, 

In 1683 he was served heir to his 
grandfather in certain tenements in the 
town of Hamilton. 

He married Lilias, daughter of Gawin 
Hamilton of Raploch, by whom he had 
issue only one daughter. 

VII. Grizel Hamilton of Neils- 
land, who married Mr Walter Gilchrist, 
merchant in Edinburgh, by whom she 
had issue, Captain James Gilchrist of 
Annsfield, a brave and gallant officer 
of the Royal Navy, who left issue, two 
daughters, co-heiresses : 1. Grizel, mar- 
ried to Mr Boyes of Wellhall, and had 

issue. 2. Anne, married, 17th October neilsland. 
1774, to Archibald, ninth Earl of Dun- ~~~ 
donald, and was mother of the present 
Lord Cochrane; and other sons. 

In 1723, Grizel Hamilton, as sole 
proprietrix of Neilsland, &c. sold these 
lands to Mrs Margaret Bryson, relict of 
Mr John Muir, minister of Kilbryde, 
in liferent to her, and in succession to 
her nephew, John Bryson, son of Mr 
John Bryson, commissary of Hamilton 
and Campsie, from whom is descended 
James Bryson, Esq. of Sheriffaulds, and 
surgeon in Hamilton. 

Arms of Neilsland were, — Gules, 
three cinquefoils, ermine, within a bor- 
dure quartered, first and fourth ingrail- 
ed, argent, second and third invrecked, 

Crest. — An oak tree growing out of 
a torse, and fructuated, proper. 

Motto. — " Obsequio, non viribus." 



Inq. Ret. Aber- 
i deen, 218. 



Inq. de Tutela, 
318. 319. 320. 

I. David Hamilton, burgess of Edin- 
burgh, proprietor of the barony of El- 
rick, second son of James Hamilton of 
Westport, was the first of this family. 

He married Marion Home, by whom 
he had issue : 

1. James, his heir. 

2. John, who succeeded his brother. 
1. Janet. 

II. James Hamilton of Elrick, who northpakk. 
was retoured heir to David, his father, " 

in the barony of Elrick, of date 1st 
September 1630. He was also a bur- 
gess of Linlithgow. 

Dyingwithoutissue, he was succeeded 
by his brother, 

II. John Hamilton, who was served 



northpark. beir, — " [Joannes Hamyltoun, filius 

inq. net. Gen. quondam Davidis Hamyltoun filij Jacobi 

v / Hamyltoun de Wastport, hares Jacobi 

,A Hamyltoun, burgensis de Linlithgow, 


The next of this family, probably his 
son, was, 

III. John Hamilton, minister of 
Carmichael, who married a daughter of 
Ferguson of Caitlock in Galloway, by 
whom he had issue. 

IV. John Hamilton, minister of 
the College church of Glasgow. He 
married Margaret, daughter of William 
Ballantine of Castlehill, Ayrshire, by 
whom he had issue : 

1. John, his heir. 

1. Agnes, married to War- 
drop, Esq. 

2. Grizel, died unmarried. 

V. John Hamilton, minister of 
the High Church of Glasgow, who 
married Mary, daughter of John Bogle 
of Hamilton-Farm, by whom he had 
issue : 

1. John, merchant and provost of 

2. George, merchant in Glasgow, who 
married Margaret, daughter of George 
Bogle, Esq., Glasgow, and died leaving 
one son, John-George Hamilton, merch- 
ant in Glasgow, who married Christina, 
daughter of Henry Monteith, Esq. M.P., 
and some time Provost of Glasgow. 

3. Patrick, } 

V died unmarried. 

4. William, ) 

1. Janet, 

2. Morgan 

3. Mary. 

aret, y di 
, J 

died young. 

VI. John Hamilton, present of 
Northpark, and merchant in Glasgow. 
He has been thrice provost of that city. 

He married Helen, daughter of Archi- 
bald Bogle, Esq. Glasgow, by whom he "— 
has issue : 

1. John, who died in Jamaica. 

2. Archibald, his heir, merchant in 
Glasgow, who married Margaret, daugh- 
ter of William Bogle, Esq. Glasgow, ~~ 
and has issue. 

3. George- William, merchant in Ja- 

4. Robert, also a merchant in Jamaica. 

5. William, merchant and one of the 
magistrates of Glasgow. 

6. Cathcart, ~\ 

7. Hugh, > died young. 

8. Andrew, ) 

1. Janet, also died young. 

2. Janet-Miller, who married Colin 
Campbell, Esq., merchant in Glasgow, 
and has issue. i 

3. Mary, ^ ** ' 

4. Helen,) u ™ lied - 
John Hamilton of Northpark is now 

the male representative of the old Ha- 
miltons of Westport. 

Arms. Gules, three cinquefoils, 

ermine, within a bordure, argent, charged 
with eight martlets of the first. 

Crest. — Two branches of oak placed 

Motto. — " Addunt Mobur Stirpi." 

l -k 



Ivii. No. 429. 

Nisb. Iter. ii.. I. JoHN HAMILTON of MuirhoUSe, 

or Murrays, physician in Edinburgh, 
son of William Hamilton of Bardanock, 
a second son of Hamilton of Boreland 
in Ayrshire, was the first of this family. 
He married Anne, daughter of James 
Elphinston, of Innerdovat in Fife, cup- 
bearer to King James the Sixth, and 
third son of Alexander, second Lord 
Elphinston, by whom he had issue : 

1. John Hamilton of Muirhouse, who 
Mag. Sig. Lib. had a charter, under the great seal, " to 

John Hamilton, son of John Hamilton, 
physician in Edinburgh, of the barony 
of Muirhouse in the co. of Edinburgh," 
dated first June 1644. 

He died without issue, having sold 
the Estate of Olivestob to his younger 
brother Thomas. 

2. Hary, mentioned in the Dictionary 
of Decisions, vol. xxiii. p. 9655, sup- 

**&" / 40 P ose ^ to De tne ancestor °f Count Ha- 
'U/ti. milton in Sweden. 

3. Thomas, who acquired the estate 
of Olivestob. 

1. Elizabeth, married to James Ha- 
milton of Bangour, and had issue. 


II. Thomas Hamilton of Olive- olivestob. 
stob * who served with reputation in the 
Swedish army. On his return to Scot- 
land, about the year 1670, he became a 
merchant in Edinburgh, and was elected 
one of the magistrates of that city. He 
is mentioned with applause by Lord 
Kaimes, in his Law Tracts, and by Foun- 
tainhall, in his Decisions, for bringing 
the other magistrates to account for 
their intromissions with the " Guid 
Town's" revenue. At the Revolution, 
in 1688, he was appointed, by the Com- 
mittee of Estates, Lieutenant-Colonel of 
the Edinburgh Regiment, raised at that 
memorable period. 

He married Grizel, daughter of James Nisb. Her. ii. 

App. 38. 

Hamilton of Westport, by whom he had 
issue : 

1. James, his heir. 

2. Otho, who was Major of the 40th 
Regiment of Foot, and many years Go- 
vernor of Placentia in Newfoundland. 
He served with distinction in Queen 
Anne's wars, and died, at an advanced 
age, in 1765. He married in America, 
and left issue, two sons and a daughter: 

• Originally called Holystop, i. e. the place where the Host stopt in the way of the procession 
from Preston to Newbottle, an abbey of the Cistertian order.— Stat. Acct. of the Parish. 




Memoirs of 

oliyestob. 1. John, who succeeded his father in the 
Majority, and who married in Ireland, 
and left a family, who are now living 
in Cumberland. He was Colonel of the 
40th Regiment when he died. 2. Otho, 
Captain of a company in the 40th Regi- 
ment, but who afterwards became Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel of the 59th Regiment. 
He married in Ireland, and left one son, 
Ralph, Colonel in the Army, a gallant 
officer, who wrote the History of the 
Campaigns of 1793 and 1794; and a 
daughter, unmarried. 1. Daughter, 
married to. General Dawson of the En- 

3. Andrew, a brave officer, who died 
in Ireland, in 1738, and left no family. 

4. Alexander, who perished in the 
Darien expedition. 

1. Martha, who died unmarried. 

2. Helen, married to her cousin, Sir 
Walter Sandilands Hamilton of West- 
port, and had issue. 

3. Anne, married to Mr Urquhart of 

III. James Hamilton of Olivestob. 
Entering the army early, he was wound- 
ed at the siege of Namur, where King 
William commanded in person. After 
the peace of 1697 he studied the civil 
law at Leyden, and was admitted an 
advocate, in 1703. He was appointed 
sheriff of the co. of Haddington, by 
Queen Anne, which office he held until 
the year 1715. 
x- Lib. He had a charter, under the great 
seal, of the lands of Over Olivestob, 
dated 12th February 1717. 

Mag. Si 

He sold Olivestob to Colonel Gardner, 
who was afterwards killed near the man- 
sion-house, at the battle of Prestonpans, 
in 1745 ; after whose death it was pur- 
chased by Andrew MacDowal, Esq., 
advocate, who, on being raised to the 
bench, out of delicacy to his friend, Mr 
Hamilton, took the title of Lord Bank- 

He died, at an advanced age, in 1757, 
having married Miss Chiesly, by whom 
he had issue : 

1. Thomas, his heir. 

1. Daughter, married to William 
Wemyss, Esq., W.S., to whom she had 
issue: 1. John, Captain in the 59th 
Regiment. 2. William-Sinclair, Captain 
in the 48th Regiment. 3. Francis, Cap- 
tain in the Royal Navy ; and, 4. Otho- 
Herman, admitted an advocate in 1785. 

IV. Thomas Hamilton, who went 
out, as Lieutenant of Marines, on board 
the Wager man-of-war, in Lord An- 
son's expedition to the South Sea, and 
was wrecked, along with Captain Cheap 
and others. They returned to London, 
in 1746, after enduring almost incredible 
hardships, and having been given up for 
lost by their friends. He afterwards 
entered into the army, and was Major 
of the Royal Irish Dragoons. 

He married his cousin, Elizabeth, 
daughter of Colonel Alexander Urquhart 
of Newhall, and sister of Grizel, Coun- 
tess of Carnwath, by whom he bad issue, 
five sons and two daughters. The sons 
were all in the army, and died without 
succession. One daughter died un- 




married; the other married Major Gib- 
son of Edinburgh, and left issue, two 
daughters . f^f. , fc&^ £/^ K Jh*> *^L 
Arms. — Gules, three cinquefoils, ar- 

^Cc 4t-?-A— ? 

<7era<, within a bordure, embattled, olivestor. 
Or. ===== 

Crest. — An antelope's head couped, 
argent, gorged and attired, gules. 
Motto. — " Invia virtuti pervia." 

ORBISTOUN, vide Dalziel. , 

(Butl 0f <&vkne$+ 

I. Lord George Hamilton, fifth 
son of William and Anne, Duke and 
Duchess of Hamilton, was bred in the 
military line under his uncle, the Earl 
of Dunbarton. He had the rank of 
Colonel in the Army, in 1690 ; the com- 
mand of the 7th Regiment of Foot, in 
1692; and promoted to the Colonelcy of 
the Royal Scots the same year. 

He distinguished himself at the battles 
of the Boyne, Aghrim, Steinkirk, Lan- 
den, Oudenarde, Ramillies, and Mons; 
and at the sieges of Athlone, Limerick, 
and Namur. At the attack of the latter 
he was made a Brigadier-General by 
King William, and gradually rose to the 
rank of Field-Marshal of the Forces. 

He was created a Peer, by the titles of 
Earl of Orkney, Viscount of Kirkwall, 
and Baron Dechmont, by patent, dated 
at Kensington, 3d January 1696, to him 
and the heirs-male of his body; which 
failing, to the heirs whatsoever of his 
body. He was constituted Governor of 
Virginia, in IT 14; was chosen one of 
the sixteen Peers of Scotland in 1708, 
and rechosen at every general election 
from 1710 to 1734. 

He died at London, in 1737, in his 
71st year, being then Field- Marshal of 
the Forces, Governor of the Province 
of Virginia, and of the Castle of Edin- 
burgh, Colonel of the Royal Scots, 
Knight of the Thistle, and Lord Lieu- 


A. iy..._ A . SZ f 

* A branchpf this military family settled in Sweden, about the beginning of last century, of 
which Count Hamilton in Scania, Governor of that Province in 1790, was the representative. 

The present Count Hamilton, in Scania, who was lately in this country, has a son, Secretary of 
Legation to the Swedish embassy at the court of the Netherlands. 




>^< z**.a.r?^£ 



/T^*-"-^* Si^-f. 









Wood's Peer- 
age, ii. 343. 

tenant of Lanarkshire. He was buried 
-at Taplow, near his fine seat at Cliefden, 
a seat adorned with tapestry represent- 
ing the victories of Marlborough, in 
which he had so great a share, that was 
unfortunately reduced to ashes by an 
accidental fire in May 1795. 

His Lordship married Elizabeth, 
eldest daughter of Sir Edward Villiers, 
Knight-Marischal of England, sister of 
the first Earl of Jersey, by whom he had 
issue : 

1 . Lady Anne, Countess of Orkney. 

2. Lady Frances, married to Thomas, 
Earl of Scarborough, and had issue. 

3. Lady Harriet, married to George, 
Earl of Orrery, afterwards Earl of Cork, 
and had issue. 

II. Lady Anne Hamilton, Countess 
of Orkney, the eldest daughter, succeed- 
ed her father in 1737, and died in 1756. 
She married, in 1720, her cousin- 
german, William, fourth Earl of Inchi- 
quin, and by him, who survived her till 
1 777, had issue : 

1. William, Lord O'Brien, diedyonng. 

2. George, Lord O'Brien, died young. 

3. Augustus, Lord O'Brien, died 

4. Murrough, Viscount of Kirkwall 
and Lord O'Brien, who, by the will of 
the Earl of Thomond, was made heir to 
the greatest part of his estate, but was 
unfortunately snatched away by the 
small-pox, 20th September 1741, and 
was buried in the church of Taplow, 
with his three brothers, and the Earl and 
Countess of Orkney. 

1. Lady Mary, Countess of Orkney. 

2. Lady Anne, born 11th June 1721, 
died in 1808, unmarried, in her 87th 

3. Lady Frances, born 2d December 
1728, died 21st August 1740. 

4. Lady Elizabeth, born 8th Novem- 
ber 1729, died 15th December 1741. 

III. Lady Mary O'Brien, Coun- Wood's Peer- 
tess of Orkney, succeeded her mother age ' 

in 1756. She married, March 1753, her 
cousin-german, Murrough, fifth Earl of 
Inchiquin, a privy councillor, Knight of 
St Patrick, created Marquis of Tho- 
mond in Ireland, in 1801, and Baron 
Thomond of Taplow, a British title, 15th 
September 1801. 

The Countess of Orkney died, 10th 
March 1791, and the Marquis of Tho- 
mond was killed by his horse falling with 
him in Grosvenor Square, London, 10th 
February 1808, in his 85th year; and 
he was buried at Taplow, on the 19th 
of that month, leaving one surviving 

IV. Lady Mary O'Brien, Countess ibid. ii. 24*. 
of Orkney, who was born in 1755, and 
succeeded her mother in 1791. She 
married, 21st December 1777, the Hon. 
Thomas Fitzmaurice, M.P., brother of 

the first Marquis of Lansdowne, and by 
him, who died in November 1793, had 
one son, 

V. Thomas, Viscount of Kirkwall, 
born 9th October 1778, elected M.P. 
for Heytesbury, in Wiltshire, at the 
general election 1802, and married, at 
Abergele, 11th August 1802, to the 



Debrett's Peer 

Hon. Anne Maria De Blacquiere, born 
17th November 1780, eldest daughter 
of John, first Lord De Blacquiere, K.B. 
Thomas, Viscount Kirkwall, died 
23d November 1820, leaving issue by 
his Lady : 

1 . Thomas John Hamilton Fitzmaurice, 
Viscount Kirkwall, born 8th August 

2. William-Edward, born 2 2d March 

Titles. — Lady Mary O'Brien, Coun- 
tess of Orkney, Viscountess Kirkwall, 
and Baroness of Dechmont. 

Creations. — Earl of Orkney, Vis- 
count of Kirkwall, and Baron of Dech- 
mont, in the co. of Linlithgow, by pa- 
tent, dated at Kensington, 3d January 
1696, to the first Earl et haredes mas- 
culos de ejus corpore; quibus deficien- 
tibus, haredes de ejus corpore quoscunque. 

Arms. — Quarterly, first azure, a ship 

at anchor, within a double tressure, 
charged with fleur-de-lis, Or, for Ork- 
ney; second and third, quarterly, first 
and fourth, three cinquefoils, pierced, 
ermine, for Hamilton ; second and third 
argent, a ship with its sails furled up, 
sabh, for Arran ; fourth, argent, a man's 
heart, gules, en signed with an imperial 
crown, Or, on a chief, azure, three stars 
of the first, for Donglas. 

Crest. — In a ducal coronet, Or, an 
oak fructed and penetrated transversely 
in the main stem, by a frame saw, proper, 
the frame, Or. 

Supporters. — Dexter, an antelope, 
argent, his horns, ducal collars, chains 
and hoofs, Or; sinister, a stag, proper, 
attired, collared, chained and hoofed, as 
the dexter. 

MoTro. — " Through." 

Chief seat, Cliefden, on the banks of 
the Thames, in the co. of Buckingham. 




I. Arthur Hamilton, the fourth son 
of Gawin Hamilton, the third of the 
house of Orbistoun, was the first of this 
family ; he was succeeded by his son, 

Wishaw MS. IL James Hamilton of Parkhead, 
who, after having been banished by the 

Regent Morton, returned, with the parkhead. 
banished lords, in 1585. 

By his wife, Jean, a daughter of James Com. Rec.Gfo. 
Polward of Coistoun, he had issue, 

III. James Hamilton of Parkhead, 
who was on an inquest, or retour ofsher.Rec.Ham 



parkhead. service, at Hamilton, in 1630, and again 
~" in 1635. 

Slier. Rec. 

IV. Claud Hamilton of Parkhead, 
who, in 1656, was elected a curator to 
young Robert Hamilton of Milburn. 
Com. Rec. Glas. In the recorded testament of Sir 
James Hamilton of Brumehill, of date 
4th March 1663, he appears as one of 
his creditors. 

Wodrow, ii. 

V. James Hamilton of Parkhead, 

who, during the reigns of Charles the 
Second and James the Second, was 
greatly persecuted on account of his re- 
ligious opinions. In 1681 he was tried 
and found guilty, for having been at the 
meeting at Schawheadmuir, where the 
Covenanters assembled previous to the 
battle of Bothwellbridge ; and, on the 
5th May 1684, being a fugitive, he was Wodiw, App. 
outlawed, and his estates forfeited. But, ' 
at the Revolution, on his return, they 
were restored. 





I. John Hamilton of Peddersburn, 
= descended of the House of Torrance, 
27. (. 32. ' na d a precept and charter, from the 
Abbot and Monks of Newbottle, con- 
firmed by Queen Mary, of the lands of 
Peddersburn, with the pertinents, dated 
6th April 1554.* He appears to have 
had issue : 

1. John, his heir. 

2. Robert, who, on the 29th JanuaryCom. Rec. 
1589, obtained a decreet against Robert 

II. John Hamilton of Peddersburn. 
On the 19th August 1594, " Johannes 
Hamilton de Peddersburn, et ejus soror, 


* Preceptum Cartas Confirmationis super Carta feudifirmi in eadem contenta, facta per Venera- 
bilem in Christo Patrem, Jacobum, Abbatim de Monasteries de Newbottle et Conventuura ejusdem ; 
Johanni Hamilton de Pettesburne, hseredibus suis et assignatis quibuscunque, de totis et integris 
terris prefati Abbatis et Conventus, terrisde Pettisburne, cum pertinentibus, jacen. in dominio de 
Newbotle, infra baroniam de Monkland, et Vicecomitatura de Lanerk, inter terras deBrownyside ex 
orientali, aquam de Calder ex australi, terras de Faskin ex occidentali, et terras de Garthe, terras 
de Airdry et partem terrarum de Ryzairds, ex boreali. Tenend, &c. de prefato Jacobo, Abbate de 
Newbotle et con ventu ejusdem, et eorum successoribuSj prout in prefata carta de super confecta latius 
continetur. A pud Striviling, sexto die mensis Aprilis anno Dni. raillesimo quinquagentesimo quin- 
quagesimo quarto et regni nostri duodecimo. — Privy Seal, vol. xxvii. fol. 52. 


spotisa Gulielmi Crichtoune de Drum- 
corse," are mentioned in a deed. 

He died before 1611, and was suc- 
ceeded by his son, 

Com.Rec.Glas. HI. ThOM AS HAMILTON of Pedders- 

bura, who, by his wife, Christian, had 
issue : 

1. Thomas, his heir.' 

2. Robert. 

He died in January 1617, having, it pedders- 


appears, previously sold the property. 


IV. Thomas Hamilton was retouredlnq. Ret. Gen. 


heir in general, 15th March 1617, to 
his father, Thomas Hamilton, formerly 
of Peddersburn in Monkland. 

The property of Peddersburn after- 
wards fell into the possession of the 
Hamiltons of Gilkerscleugh. 



I. James Hamilton, the second son 
of Robert Hamilton of Torrance, had a 

Reg. Mag. Sig. charter to himself and Christian Stew- 
art, his spouse, of the lands of Meikle 
Calderwood, dated 2d June 1536. 

Com.Rec.Glas. He was, along with Robert Hamil- 
ton of Newhouse, tacksman of the par- 
sonage and vicarage of Kilbryde ; for, 
on the 12th February 1587, they sum- 
moned a number of the tenants of Kil- 
bryde for the teinds. 

Reg. Mag. Sig. He had another charter, " to Master 
James Hamilton of Peill, and Elizabeth 
Crawford, his spouse, of the church 
lands of Carmunnock, called Catgill," 
dated 18th February 1575. 

Com.Rec.Glas. He had a son, Andrew, who married 
Agnes Crawford, daughter of Patrick 
Crawford of Carlisburne, by whom he 

had issue, a daughter, Margaret, of peill-thorn- 
whom afterwards, and a daughter, Bea- = 

trix, married, about 1600, to Robert 
Hamilton of Torrance. 

Andrew predeceased his father; for Com.Rec.Glas. 
we find the latter, along with Patrick 
Crawford of Carlisburne, was appoint- 
ed, in July 1 590, executor to his son, 
" umquhile Andro Hamilton, zounger 
of Peill." 

The widow of Andrew afterwards Ibid - 
married James Hamilton of Kirktoun- 
holme, as appears from the following 
contract of marriage : — " Att ye kirk of 
Kilbryde, ye \0th Sept. 1591, — It is fi- 
nally agreit betwixt James Hamilton of 
Kirktounholme, on ye ane pairt, and Ag- 
nes Crawford, relict of umquhile Andro 
Hamilton, zounger of Peill, on the uther 



pEiLL-THORN-»airt, and Mr James Hamilton of Peril, 


— fm- himself, and takand ye burden on 
him for Margaret and Beatrix, his oyes, 
lauchful dochters to the said umquhile 
Andro, and appairand aires to him, Sfc. 
Ye said James and Agnes agrees to com- 
pleit ye band of matrimonie," &c. 

James Hamilton of Peill died about 
1600, and was suceeeded by his grand- 


Inq. Rit. Lan. 

Margaret Hamilton of Peilh who 
was retoured heir, 2d March 1602, to 
her grandfather in the two merk land 
of the vicarage of Carmunnock, called 
Catgill, in the barony of Carmunnock. 

Ibid. 31. She was also retoured heir, 16th March 

1602, to Andrew, her father, in the five 
merk land, of old extent, of Peill-Thorn- 
toun, in the parish of Kilbryde. 

Com.Rec.Glas. She married James Hamilton, as ap- 

pears by her last will and testament, 
dated " atte ye place of Peill, 3d De- 
cember 1608," wherein she appoints 
" James Hamilton, hir husband, and 
James Crawford, in Hagtonhill, tutors- 
executors to James, Agnes, and Andrew, 
hir bairnes." She died in December 
1609. Her daughter Agnes married, c0m._Rec.Gla5. 
in August 1630, George Reid, fiar of 

James Hamilton married, secondly, ?™1 Seal R «- 
Isabella Ross. They had a charter of 
the lands of Nether Philipshill, dated 
19th December 1620. 

On the 2d September 1639, James Com.Rec.Glas. 
Hamilton of Peill was witness to a bond 
of " John Hamilton of Briganes to 
George Hutcheson of Lambhill for thrie 
hunder merks." 

I have been unable to trace this fa- 
mily further. 




Wood's Peer, 
age, i. 203. 

I. James Hamilton, Lord Pencaitland, 
■ second son of Robert Hamilton of Barn- 
cluith, Lord Pressmanan, was the first 
of this family. His elder brother, John, 
by marrying the grand-daughter of the 
first Lord Belhaven, acquired, in terms 
of the patent, the estates and honours, 
and became the second Lord Belhaven. 

He had a charter, under the great Mag. Sig. Lib. 
seal, of the lands and barony of Pen- 
caitland, of date 3d July 1696. 

He became a member of the Society 
of Writers to the Signet in 1683, and 
was appointed one of the Senators of 
the College of Justice, by the title of 
Lord Pencaitland, in 1712. He was 


also a Lord of Justiciary, and died in 

He married Catherine, daughter of 
Denholm of Westshiels, by whom he 
had issue : 

1. John, his heir. 

2. Alexander Hamilton of Dechmont 
in the co. of Linlithgow, who succeeded 
his brother. 

1. Marion, married, 4th December 
1T09, to James Graham of Airth, one 
of the Judges of the Admiralty in Scot- 
land, and had issue. 

2. Rachel, married to Sir William 
Weir, Bart, of Blackwood in Lanark- 
shire, and had issue, one daughter, Ca- 
therine, heiress of Blackwood, born 1st 
December 1716, married, 26th July 
1733, to the Hon. Charles Hope of 
Craigiehall, second son of Charles, first 
Earl of Hopetoun, and had issue. 

3. Agnes, born 12th November 1697. 

4. Anne, born 3d November 1698, 
married, 16th April 1717, to Sir Ar- 
chibald Grant of Monimusk, Bart., and 
had issue. 

5. Margaret, married to Sir Alexander 
Gibson of Pentland, Bart, and had issue. 

II. John Hamilton of Pencaitland, 
who married Margaret Menzies, heiress 
of Saltcoats, in the co. of Haddington ; 
and by her, who afterwards married the 
Hon. William Carmichael of Skirling, 
second son of the first Earl of Hynd- 
ford, had issue a son, James, born 25th 
June 1710, who died young. 

John Hamilton, of Pencaitland, dy- 
ing without issue, was succeeded by his 


II. Alexander Hamilton of Dech- 
mont and Pencaitland, who married; 
Mary, eldest daughter of Sir Francis 
Kinloch of Gilmerton, Bart., and had 
issue one daughter, 

III. MaryHamilton of Pencaitland, 
&c, who, on the death of James, fifth 
Lord Belhaven, in 1777, succeeded to 
the estates of Beil, Pressmannan, and 

She married at Edinburgh, 2d Fe- 
bruary 1747, William Nisbet, Esq. of 
Diirleton in the co. of Haddington, who 
died in 1783, and by whom she had is- 
sue : 

1. William Hamilton Nisbet of Bel- 
haven and Dirleton, elected M. P. for 
the co. of Haddington, on a vacancy 
in 1777, — chosen for East Grinstead 
at the general election in 1790. He 
married Mary, daughter of Lord Ro- 
bert Manners, a general in the army, 
brother of John, third Duke of Rut- 
land ; and had one child, Mary, mar- 
ried, 1st, 11th March 1799, to Thomas, 
seventh Earl of Elgin and Kincardine ; 
secondly, to Robert Ferguson, younger 
of Raith, in 1808. 

1. Mary, now of Pencaitland, &c, 
born 22d December 1758. 

2. John, born 2 2d December 1751. 
She died 13th March 1797, and was 

succeeded by her younger son, 

IV. John Hamilton of Pencaitland, 
&c. elected M. P. for the co. of Had- 
dington, on a vacancy in 1786, and re- 
chosen at the general election in 1790. 

He married, 8th October 1782, Ja- 





net, youngest daughter of Robert Dun- 
das of Arniston, Lord President of the 
Court of Session, by whom he had no 
issue. He was succeeded by his sister ; 
having died at London, 20th December 
1804, just at the completion of his 63d 

IV. Mary Hamilton of Pencait- 
land, &c. She married, first, William 
Hay, Esq. heir-presumptive of George, 
Marquis of Tweeddale, who died 23d 
July 1781 ; secondly, Walter Campbell, 

Esq. of Shawfield and Islay, by whom 
she had issue : 

1. Mary, married to Lord Ruthven. 

2. Hamilton, married to Lord Bel- 

1. William, who died in aet. 25. 

Arms. — Gules, a chevron, between 
three cinquefoils, ermine. 

Crest. — An arm issuing out of a 
cloud, holding a pen. 

Motto. — " Tarn virtute quam labore." 

Chief seat at Pencaitland in the co. 
of Haddington. 



Prot. 13. Ito- 
hertoun, p. 78. 

I. Robert Hamilton of Pottie, third 
son of Gavin Hamilton of Raploch, was 
the first of this family. He is mentioned 
in the " Memorie of the Somervilles." 

He married Jane Dalziell, by whom 
he had issue : 

1. Gavin, his heir. 

2. James. 

II. Gavin Hamilton of Pottie, who, 
dying without issue, was succeeded by 
his brother, 

II. James Hamilton of Pottie, who 

was retoured heir to his brother Gavin i n q. Ret. Perth, 
in the lands of Pottie, now called Kirk- 
pottie, with the grain and fulling mills, 
of date 21st February 1646. 

He had a charter, under the great M»g. Sig. Lib. 

Wiii. No. 16. 

seal, " to Mr James Hamilton, feuar of 
Pottie, of the lands of Pottie," dated 
11th May 1647. 

He was succeeded by his son, 

III. Robert Hamilton of Pottie, 
who, in 1670, was served heir to James Inq. Ret. PertTi,' 
Pottie, his father, in the lands of Pottie, 
with the mills. 




Vide infra. 

This branch, the most ancient cadet 
of the house of Hamilton, was, for se- 
veral centimes, designated indifferently 
from its two principal estates, the barony 
of Preston* in East Lothian, and the 
barony of Fingalton\ in the co. of Ren- 
frew ; while the lands of Ross or Ross- 
aven,% in the shire of Lanark, afforded 
an occasional title to the heir-apparent of 
the family. 

The total destruction of the title- 
deeds, and other monuments of its de- 
scent, when the castle of Preston was 
burned by Cromwell, after the battle of 
Dunbar, has necessarily rendered the 
history of the earlier generations com- 
paratively meagre ; as the loss of private 
documents can rarely be supplied, for 
so remote a period, from the scanty and 
mutilated records we possess of a cor- 
responding antiquity. Some extracts, 
however, had been made by genealogists 
from these papers previous to that event; 
and their testimony, in supplement of 
the evidence recovered from cotempor- 
ary deeds, is sufficient to establish, from 
its origin, the various representatives of 

the family, and even to trace the greater preston. 
number of its alliances and cadets. 

I. Sir John Fitz-Gilbert de Ha- 
milton, of Ross-Aven and Fingalton, 
the original progenitor of this line, was 
son of Sir Gilbert, the common ancestor 
of the house of Hamilton in Scotland ; 
for he is proved to have been a brother of 
Sir Walter Fitz-Gilbert, the proximate 
founder of the ducal family of Cadyow. 

Doctor James Baillie of Carnbroe, 
who wrote his " Brief e Account of the Adv. Lib. J»c. 

V 7 5 d 358 

Family of Hamilton," during the first j ac . v. a, 6. p. 
half of the 1 7th century, and conse- ,'■, ' 

quently prior to the destruction of the 
Preston charter-chest ; who, professing 
to establish his history on legal docu- 
ments, uniformly cautions his reader in 
regard to every statement not warranted 
by his personal inspection of authentic 
deeds ; and who, in the present instance, 
possessed every access to information, in 
consequence of his familiar connexion Glasg. Burg, 
with the Marquis of Hamilton, and the ' 

intimacy subsisting between his own 
family and that of Preston, founded B. Roberton\ 

Protoc. ff. 16i. 
— 164, 165, &c. 

* Trie Monks of Holyrude and Newbottle were, from a very remote period, superiors of the 
baxony^j^lilha?nmer, or Alhammer; a name which was soon lost in that of Priestistoun, Priests- 
ioun, Prrestoun, Prestoun. 

+ " Robert Cruk de Fingaldesioun, del Cnunte de Lanark," (which then included the barony of 
Renfrew,) swore fealty to Edward I. in 1286. — (Prynne, p. 663.) The place is evidently named 
after some orirrinaLproprietor or cultivator. 

% Ross, in Celtic; -signifies a promontary or peninsula ; Rossaven, the promontary or peninsula 
formed by the confluence of the Aven and the Clyde. 

K. ^ 




both on their affinity in blood and the 
neighbourhood of their Lanarkshire 
estates : — this author has recorded the 
following evidence in regard to the filia- 
tion and acquisitions of Sir John Fitz- 
Gilbert, which could only have been 
derived from charters extant, at that 
period, in the repositories of his descend- 
ants. He says, speaking of Sir Gilbert, 
— " His Ladie had to him Sir Walter, 
who succeeded, and another, called 
John, of whom are lineally descended 
the Lairds of Prestoun ; for he is infeft 
in Rossaven be the Abbott of Kelsoe* 
in 1339, and thereafter be Sir David, 
the son of Sir Walter, in the lands of 
Fingletoun, in these words, — " Patruo 
suo Domino Johanni de Hamiltoun\ de 
Rossaven, militi," &c. Hamiltoun of 
Airdrie is descended of Prestoun, but 
very laitly." 

There may likewise be adduced the 

testimony of Mr William Hamilton of 
Wishaw, advocate, who was born many 
years previous to the battle of Dunbar, 
who likewise enjoyed the most favour- 
able opportunities of information, and 
whose antiquarian remains still justify 
the distinguished reputation he obtained Crawf. Peerage, 
for accuracy and research, although his p ' 
principal work, the History of the House 
of Hamilton, be, of late, unfortunately 

lost. In his " Descriptioun of the ShirefF- Adv. Lib. M. 6. 

dome of Lanark," he says, — " Besyde 

the Palace of Hamilton, gardens, parks, 
woods, belonging thereto, there are se- 
veral gentlemen's seats in this parish, 
long since given out to the severall he- 
ritors, as the Ross, or Rossaven, belong- 
ing to ye laird of Prestoun. It was first 
given to John, son of Sir Gilbert de 
Hamilton, and hath continued in y' 
family since ; a pleasant seat w' good 
woods, gardens, close to the River of 

15. No. 13. 

* That a part of the lands of Ross had once belonged to the church, is shown by the retours, 
(Abr. Lan. 469.) in which the " terras ecclesiastics:" are distinguished from the secular lands of 
Rossaven by a separate valuation : and that the former portion was originally in possession of the 
Monks of Kelso, is proved by a charter of Alexander II., in 1222, confirming the grant made to 
their Monastery by his brother Robert of London, " de quadam parte terre sue in territorio de 
NKadichou in vasto suo, scilicet de Rossaven," &c. (Cartul. Kakho. f. 75, Adv. Lib.) The secular 
lands of the Ross were always a fief held of the house of Cadyow. 

+ It may be here remarked, that the unqualified statement of Mr Wood, (Peerage, i. p. 693, note,) 
in relation to the non-employment of the territorial surname of Hamilton, by the two first genera- 
tions of the house of Cadyow, and to the prior adoption of this surname by the junior branches of 
Preston and Innerwick, is not altogether correct. That Sir Walter did himself occasionally em- 
ploy his territorial appellative is proved by his signature in Ragman's Roll, 1296, " Wautierfiz 
Gilbert de Hameldon," (Vrynne, p. 662) ; and that he was familiarly known, during his life, by 
this latter surname alone, is evinced by the designation of his sons, of whom the elder is styled, 
" Dominus David, /ilius Walteri dicti de Hamilton" in the testing clause of his brother's charter 
of the lands of Balincreif, granted, by Sir John Stewart of Crookston, " Johanni Ji/io Walteri dicti 
de Hamilton," before 13G9. — {A. Stuart's Gen. Hist. p. T6.) Nay, the charter confirming the pre- 
ceding grant, (15th Jan. 13G9,) ratifies it, as made " Johanni de Hamiltoun, filio Dni Walteri de 
Hamiltoun" (A. Stuart's Gen. Hist. p. 77, and supra, p. 307 ; while, on the other hand, at a more 
recent date, this John, the original ancestoi of Innerwick, appears simply as " Johannes, films 
Domini Walteri," in a charter by his nephew Darid de Hamilton, in 1381 (vide supra, p. 45, note.) 
Nothing, therefore, can be more capricious than the use of their territorial and patronymic sur- 
names, separately or in conjunction, by all the individuals of all the branches during the earlier 


ArtT. Lib. M. 
6. 15, No. 8S. 

ft alibi. 

Clyde, where Aven falls in y f river." 
And in his "Descriptioun of the Shireff- 
dome of Ranfrew," speaking of the baro- 
ny of Fingalton, he adds, — " Thir lands 
were given by ye Lord Maxwell's prede- 
cessors to John Hamilton, predecessor to 
Prestoun, for his recovering the house 
of Caerlaverak from ye English in the 
tyme of King Robert Bruce, and con- 
tinued liolden of the family of Maxwell 
until ye year 1649, when Prestoun ob- 
tained them to be holden of ye King." 
Nor is there the slightest discrepancy 
between this account and the tenour of 
the documents adduced by Baillie ; for 
it is a remarkable fact, that until the 
very period mentioned by Wishaw, 
(when Sir Thomas Hamilton purchased 
from Robert, Earl of Nithsdale, the 
whole lands and lordship of the Mearns,) 
the family of Preston held this estate 
of the house of Cadyow, while the latter 
Seer. Sig.L.xx. again held it of the Maxwells of Niths- 
E 23.' dale. It is therefore highly probable 

that this fief had been originally granted 
to the two brothers,* Sir Walter and 
Sir John, or to the latter and his ne- 
phew, Sir David, conjointly, in return 
for services performed by them in com- 
mon to the original granter, and that 
the division of their mutual interest in 

Vide infr». 

Ketours and 
sasines passim. 

the gift was afterwards arranged by the prestom. 
establishment of a feudal relation, cor- — 
responding to that which they recipro- 
cally held to each other through family 

George Crawfurd, who, among other 
documents now lost, was in possession 
of Wishaw's Genealogical Collections 
and History of the House of Hamilton, 
whom he also professes to follow in the Peerage, p. 188. 

, ~ , . . . Hist. Ren. p. 

genealogy or this name, as his surest 23. 
guide, frequently repeats the same state- Gen.MSS.AdT. 
ment ; a statement which had likewise Lan. Gen. MS. 
been embodied in the new entry of arms 
made by Sir Thomas Hamilton himself 
in the Lyon Register soon after the de- 
struction of his papers, in 1650, and re- 
corded in the private pedigrees of the 
family, drawn up about the same period. 
It would be idle to quote the authority Nesbit, Dou- 
of subsequent genealogists, f who all Wood, &c. ' 
concur in their testimony to the same 

Sir John's matrimonial connexions 
are doubtful ; for the assertion of Craw- Remarks on 
furd, that he married a daughter &%££$& 
Sir Robert de Cruck of Cruckston, in P- 3 - 
the shire of Renfrew, is unsupported 
by any original evidence hitherto re- 

• That there existed a connexion between the families of Maxwell and Hamilton is proved by 
the appearance of Sir Walter Fitz-Gilbert as witness to the deeds of the celebrated Sir Herbert 
Maxwell of Caerlaverock, (Cartulary of Paisley, p. 63 of transcript, Adv. Lib.) 

t Mr Wood, in his recent edition of Douglas's Peerage, has, however, made a mistake, altogether 
original, in splitting the family of Preston and Fingalton into two. 

% Some genealogists have, with Crawfurd, identified Sir John Fitz-Gilbert de Hamilton with 
the individual who, under the name of Joannes Gilberti, (Fordun, Lib. xiii. c. 29. 32.) Jhon Gib- 
bownsone, (Wynton, B. xiii. c. 29.) Johannes Jilius Gilberti, (charters,) made no inconsiderable 
figure as a secret partisan of the Steward in the Isle of Bute, in 1334. But, although the political 
conduct of this latter bears some analogy to that of Sir Walter Fitz-Gilbert, (see Barbour, quoted 
above, p. 34.) ; and, although the hypothesis of their fraternal relation is countenanced by the 
singular coincidence of" Walterus filius Gilberti" signing as witness to a grant of lands, in Bute, 





II. Sir John II. The immediate suc- 
cession of several representatives of the 
same name, along with the deficiency in 
the public records, renders it impossible 
to prove, by original evidence, whether 
Sir John Fitz-Gilbert was followed by 
two or by three successors of the name 
of John. Independently however of the 
old pedigrees of the family, and the tes- 
timony of genealogical writers, the cir- 
cumstance of time tends to render the 
latter supposition the more probable; 
while the intimate connexion which 
afterwards subsisted between the fami- 
Gen.MSS.Adv.lies confirms the statement of Crawfurd 
Lan. Gen. MS. and others, that Sir John, son of Sir 
John Fitz-Gilbert, married Margaret, 
a daughter of Sir William Baillie of 
Hoprig, ancestor of Lammington. 

III. Sir John III. of Fingalton must 
have been born a considerable time be- 
fore the middle of the century; for, from 
the year 1389, he frequently appears, 
along with his son, Sir John Hamilton 
of Ross, who was then old enough to 
have attained the honour of knighthood. 
Both are witnesses to a charter, by Sir Nesbit, ii. A pp. 
John Hamilton of Cadyow, of the lands p ' 
of Earnock, in favour of John Roberton, 
about the year 1390; and to another, 
bv the 6ame author, of the lands of Mag. sig. Lib. 

, ,^ . ,„.„. iv. No. 184. 

Henshaw and Wattiston, to William 
Baillie of Hoprig, in February 1395; 
while, along with David, Earl of Craw- 
furd, and the infamous Ramorgny, Sir 
John of Fingalton, the father, is witness Mag. sig. Lib. 
to a grant of the lands of Lumlethen 
and Cragow in the co. of Forfar, by the 

iii. No. 101. 

in favour of this Johannes Jillus Gilbert!, by Walter, the High Steward, not long before 1321, 
(Roberts. Ayrs. Fam. p. 5V J ; there are, however, other circumstances which concur in disprov- 
ing this supposition. 1. On the assumption of the identity in question, it would follow that Sir 
Walter figured as a territorial proprietor in the shire of Lanark or of Renfrew, nearly twenty years 
before his father's death ; for Gilbert, the father of John of Bute, is proved to have been alive be- 
tween 1312 and 1315, when he receives a charter of some petty lands in that island from Walter 
the Steward, (Ibid. p. SO.) 2. Johannes Gilberti appears as Chamberlain of Bute so late ai 
1362, and is not a Knight, (Ibid. p. Si) ; whereas Sir John Hamilton figures as Knight many 
years before, and was, in all probability, not alive at this latter period. 3. The family of Fingal- 
ton do not appear to have retained any connexion with the Isle of Bute, while, on the other hand, 
not only the lands in Rothesay, bestowed on Gilbert and his son John, by the High Steward, but 
part of the lands of Crosby in Ayrshire, in which Johannes Gilberti is proved likewise to have had 
an interest, are subsequently found in possession of the Bannatynes of Caimes ; and a strong pre- 
sumption is thus established that this family had inherited these properties from Gilbert and John 
in the line of regular descent. 

There is a much greater likelihood that Sir John Fitz-Gilbert is the same with the Johannes 
filius Gilberti, who, in a grant by Malise, seventh Earl of Strathernc, (between 1316 and 1319,) 
of an annualrent, to Sir John Murray of Drumshargart, out of the lands of Moneyeth (qu. Mone- 
feith in Angus ?), is mentioned as the Earl's vassal in one-half of these lands, {Carta penes Aber- 
cairny )■ This conjecture is countenanced by the circumstance, that a William de Hambledon, of 
English birth or descent, and attached to the Anglo-Baliol interest, as Sir Walter Fitz-Gilbert 
originally was, is proved to have been married to Mary, Countess of Stratherne, (probably that 
Mary, widow of Malise, fifth Earl of Stratherne, and Queen of Man, who swore fealty to Edward 
I. in 1292 and who was reinstated in her lands by that Monarch in 1296 ;) while, on the other 
hand the fact of 3. Johannes filius Gilberti holding lands of the Earl of Strathern, within twenty 
years thereafter, adds greatly to the probability that this William de Hambledon was brother or 
uncle, or cousin, of the brothers, Sir Walter and Sir John Fitz-Gilbert.— ( Vide infra, in Addi- 
tions and Corrections, and supra, p. 28, note.) 



unfortunate Duke of Rothesay, between 
Hadd. MSS. 1398and 1402; and likewise to another by 

Coll. f. 59. _ . , . , TIT 1 J TT 

Adr. Lib. thatPnnce, alongwith' WalteruBde Ha- 
milton, Scutifer,' during the same period. 
In 1396 (26th June) he received from 
the King of England, letters of safe con- 

Uotul. Scotia;, duct through his dominions for himself 

ii. p. 135. . ~. 

and his suite of eight horsemen. Un 
his return from France, along with Sir 
Rymer, viii. p. John Hamilton of Cadyow, their ship 
was captured by the English, and them- 
selves made prisoners on pretence of a 
violation of the truce ; but, on the re- 
monstrance of their procurators, in the 
treaty of Hawdenstank, (October 1398,) 
the commissioners ordered their imme- 
diate liberation, and likewise awarded 
them an indemnification for their losses. 
There is also reason to believe that he 
was the " Joannes de Hamylton de 
Scocia, miles," appointed, in March 
1399, Scots commissioner to receive the 
oath of Richard II. for observance of 
the truce. 

The argument of Andrew Stuart, to 
prove that this Sir John, or his father, 
was husband of Janet, eldest daughter 
and principal co-heiress of the gallant Sir 
William Keith of Galston, has been re- 
futed by the discovery of more conclu- 
sive evidence ; but there is better reason 
for believing that he was married to a 
younger sister of Janet, who is now 
fully proved to have been the spouse of 

Ibid. p. 69. 
Rot. Scot. ii. 
p. 148. 

Gen. Hist, p 
91 — 100. 

Vide supra, p. 

Sir David Hamilton of Cadyow. For, 
beside the circumstances, equally fa- 
vourable to this supposition, alleged by 
Stuart, Sir John Hamilton of Fingalton, 
in a charter of the lands of Balderston, 
granted in favour of Adam Forester of 
Corstorphyne, (3d March 1395,) is styl- 
ed, by the granter, Sir John Hamilton 
of Cadyow, the son of Janet Keith, 
" Avunculus noster charissimus." That 
there were younger sisters of Janet 
Keith has been shown by genealogists ; 
while it even appears that the husband 
of one of these was in possession of a 
part of the principal estate of Galston : 
and that another sister was married to 
Sir John, is, independently of other cir- 
cumstances, somewhat more probable 
than the other alternative, that he had 
espoused a sister of his cousin, the second 
Sir David of Cadyow, for which a dis- 
pensation would have been required.* 

Sir John died subsequently to March 
1407, leaving, 

1. Sir John, his successor, and (pro- 

2. Walter. 

IV. Sir John IV., styled, during his 
father's life, " of the Ross," from his 
appearance as a knight, in 1390, was 
probably born before 1365. 

Beside the deeds in which he is found 
along with his father, he appears, during 


Penes Ducem 
de Ham. vide 
supra, p. 209. 

Notes on Gr. 
Seal. Adv. Lib. 

Rolls Duke of. 
Albany, i\. 17 
Hist. p. 94. 

Gen. Reg. 
Deeds, B. xii. 

* No very cogent argument can however be founded on a term so loosely applied in the ancient 
language of Scottish diplomacy, as the word avunculus. For, beside its proper signification of 
mother s brother, and its primary deflection, husband of the mother's sister, (in which senses it was 
exclusively used in the living language of Rome,) it was afterwards abusively employed for the 
brother of the father, for the husband of the fathers sister, and (what it might possibly have been 
intended to denote in the present instance,) for a tousin of the same generation ivith the father or 



PRESTON. },; s father's life, as witness to a decreet 

Stuart's Gen. of the Baron Court of Cambusnethan, 
Ibid. p. 9"'. 13th October 1390 ; to a charter, about 
the end of the century, by Sir Alexander 
Stewart of Darnley, confirming a grant, 
by John, son of Sir Walter Fitz-Gilbert 
de Hamyltoun, in favour of his son, Al- 
exander de Hamyltoun, of the lands of 
Transumpt in Balincreif; and to a charter, by Sir John 

Gen. Reg. 

Deeds, 17th Montgomery of Ardrossan, of the lands 
of Lochwood, to Alexander Lockhart, 
1st December 1407. 

From his kinsman, Sir John Hamil- 

lioberison's ton of Cadyow, he received the grant "of 

Index, p. 138. . , _„ .. ' . ' , 

ane pensioun of 29 marcs sterling turth 

of the barony of Machan," about 1395. 

Fam. Ped. jj e was twice married : first to Jane, 

Crawf. MS. 

Baronage, pp. daughter and heiress of Sir James Lyd- 

253 267. 

Mainland's dell of Preston : second, to Anna, sixth 

House of Seton, ^ u „ h ter f Sir William Seton of that 

MS. Adv. Lib. => 

Father Hay's Uk 9 ancestor of the Earls of Wyntoun. 

Memoirs, MS. 

ibid. vol. iii. p. He left two sons : 

ivis Ibid Jac ^" Sir James, his successor. 

v. 5. 6. p. 39. 2. John, founder of the family of 

Cart. Melros. * 

ap. Mus. Brit. Ellershaw. 

Acta Audit, f. 
49. Fam. Ped. 

V. Sir James I. The chasm in the 
public records at this period renders it 
impossible to ascertain the date of Sir 
John's death; but, in December 1438, 

Fam. Ped. his son, Sir James of Fingalton, appears 
as knight in the testing clause of a 

Mag. Sig. Lib charter, by Sir George Seton of Seton, 
in favour of his kinsman, Robert Seton. 

Cartul. Melros. He married Agnes, daughter of Sir 

apud Mus. Brit. 

Fam. Ped. 

Crawf. MSS. ~ 

Notes after 

James Hamilton of Cadyow, and sister 
of James, first Lord Hamilton.* By 
her he had a son and two daughters : 
Sir Robert, his successor. 

1. Marjory, married to James Ha- Roberts. A yrsh. 
milton of Cambuskeith. 

2. Margaret, in 1455, married toMemorieof 
William, second son of William, second p . 206. 
Lord Somerville, and founder of Ae / G i e * p< ? , **? & 

(Adv. Lib. Jac. 

family of Plain.f V. 5, 6.) P . 58. 

Doug. Peer. p. 

VI. Sir Robert I. succeeded his 
father before 1460 ; as, on the 27th July 
of that year, he is styled of Fingalton 
and Salt Preston, in a deed of mortifica- 
tion, wherein he grants, out of the latter 
lordship, three rocks, with salt-pans, 
garner, &c to the Monastery of Mel- 
rose, " pro salute animarum Jacobi de Cartul. Melros. 
Hamylton patris mei, militis, et Agnetis apu 
de Hamylton mee matris, necnon et pro 
salute anime mee et anime uxoris mee, pro- 
liumque meorum, antecessorum et succes- 
sorum suorum." His filiation, along Acta Dom. 
with the descent of the three following L^iivijj.T' 
generations, is likewise proved in the'**- 
minutes of an action by his great grand- 
son Sir David. 

Previous to his father's death, he ap- Rymer, xi. 
pears to have accompanied his cousin, R^tui. Scot' 
James, Lord Hamilton, to Rome, i n »- pp-339. 36». 


1452-3. In May 1465, he figures as 

knight on the inquest of Archibald, Fenes Dom. 

3 • Douglas et in 

when served heir to his father, George, Geneai. Not 
Earl of Angus; and appears likewise asj^'v^. 1. U 

• It is probable that he was again married in 1439, for, in August of that year, there is a papal 
dispensation granted, " Jacobo de Amylton, militi, et Jontte Maxwelle Domicelle," both of the dio- 
cese of Glasgow, while there is, it is believed, no cotemporary on record of the same name and 
quality to whom the document could relate. — {A. Stuart's Gen. Hist. p. 463). 

t In the documents referred to, her father is erroneously called Sir William. 


Titles. — Crawf. 
Notes, Adv.Lib. 
Jac. V. 8. 14. 

Mag. Sig. Lib. 
x. 53. 

1! yiner, I. xii. 
p. 241. 

Acta Audit. 
ISthFeb. 1489. 
Acta Dom. 
Cone. 30th Jan. 

Ibid. t. xvi. f. 
132. Ibid. t. 
xxiii. f. 4. 

Mag. Sig. Lib 
lix. 138. 

one of the jury of John Lord Darn- 
ley when retoured an heir to Dun- 
can, Earl of Lennox, his great grand- 
father, in July 1473. In 1482 (15th 
January,) he obtained a royal charter 
of the lands of Polkemmet and Foul- 
shiels, in the co. of Linlithgow, on the 
resignation of David Tayt of Elynton. 
In the treaty, concluded at Nottingham, 
29th September 1482, between James 
ILL of Scotland and Richard III. of 
England, Sir Robert was nominated, on 
the part of the Scottish Monarch, a Con- 
servator of the peace between the king- 
doms both by land and sea. 

He died in the course of the year 
1469, leaving, by his lady, Marion, 
daughter of Sir John Johnstone of John- 
stone, ancestor of the Marquises of An- 
nandale, three sons : 

1. Sir Robert, his successor. 

2. Sir Patrick, of Overmiddleton. 

3. James, who married Margaret, 

daughter of Weir of Clowburn, 

but died, (apparently without issue,) be- 
fore 1515. 

Ibid. xii. 4. VII. Sir Robert II., sometimes de- 

signed of Birdmilton, before bis suc- 
cession to the principal estates, appears 

Aeja Audit, as " are and executor of umquile Robert 
Hamyltowi of Fingaltoun, Knycht, his 
father," 18th February 1489. 

i an. Gen. MS. He was thrice married : first, to Mar- 
garet, daughter of Sir John Mowat, (or 
de Monte Alto,) of Stanehouse ; second, 

Acta Dom. Con. before 1511, to Marion, daughter of Sir 

ibid, et Acta David Crichton of Cranston-Riddell, 
relict of John Menzies of that Hk and 


A. passirn. 

Culter, of James Tweedy of Drumelzier, presjqn. 
and of William Baillie of Wattiston (or — 
Lamington?); thirdly, in 1516, to Dame 
Helen Schaw, daughter of Sir James Acta Dom. Con. 
Schaw of Sauchy, and lady tercer dt$j£*jg , \ 
four wealthy husbands, Archibald, Mas- f - 1 4. et passim, 
ter of Haliburton, Andrew Stewart, first 
Lord Avendale, Sir Patrick Hume of 
Polwarth, and Sir Patrick Houston of 
that Ilk, who was slain at Flodden. 
He left four sons and a daughter. 

1. Robert, his successor. 

2. John, founder of the family of 
Airdrie, of whom again. 

3. James. S. Sig. x f. 


4. David, of Langton and Olivestob, ibid. Gen. Re^. 

married to Margaret, second daughter ^ * t e a ds Do ' m 38 ' ' 
of George, LordSeton, but died, without Cone. xvi. r. la 

Maitl. House o I 
issue, about 1560. Seton, MS.Gen. 

His daughter, Margaret, was married Lib ' j ac ' VI "' 
to Sir Robert Dalzell of that Ilk, an-"!; 6 - . „ 

Crawf. Gen. 

cestor of the Earls of Carnwath. Hist, and Gen. 

Sir Robert died before the year 1 522. Lib. 

M. Sig. L.»u. 
464. Douglas V 
VIII. Robert III, the first representa- Peer - p- 1 24 


tive of the family who was not a Knight, See also Abr 
appears in 1508, (July,) and in 1516, ^Dom ^ 
(January and February,) as " sone and c ° n . c - et s 
air appearand to Robert Hamylton of 
Fingalton, Knycht," having, at the latter 
date, been in possession of the lands of 
Kype, in the barony of Avendale, for 
more than sixteen years. 

By his spouse, Catharine, daughter Acta Dom. 
of James Tweedie of Drumelzier, he had Iv j j f 89 
two sons and two daughters: S en ', R ^' 

b _ ' Deeds, 19ti, 

1. Sir James, who received from his July 1560 
grandfather the estate of Fingalton in 
fee, but was prematurely slain in the 



preston. encounter between the partisans of the 
Acta Dom. Earls of Arran and Angus, in the High 
^"i^h';;/- Street of Edinburgh, 30th April 1520. 

2. Sir David, his successor. 
Crawf. MS. 1. Janet, married to John Hamilton 

Gen. Hist. MS. °^ Broomhill, ancestor of the first Lord 
p. 249. Lan. B e lhaven ; and afterwards, (perhaps,) to 

Gen. T.Banna- _ ' \f f '/ 

tyne's Birth- John Carmichael of Edram.* 

Quarter Seal, 2. Gelis, married to John Stewart, 

K^e, Jogger of Halcraig. 

Reg. Deeds, 
19 July 1560. 
Mag. Sig. Lib. 

"s'ig. Lib. xv. fle i r °f l" s father Robert, royal charters 
f 7 " of the lands of Priestgill, (4th January 

1541,) and of the lands of Langkype, 
Mag. Sig. Lib. (14th January 1545,) both within the 
s. sV. Lib. lordship of Avendale; while the different 
* v " - steps of his descent from his great great- 

grandfather, Sir James, are incidentally 
instructed in the minutes of an action, 

IX. Sir David obtained, as son and 

maintained by him, against certain of 

its on the estate of Fingalton, 

Among many other grants, he 

f. 112. Lib. 

xxiv. f. 56. f. 


S. Sig. Lib. 

xix. f. 43. 

Ada Dom. 

b. xrlii. f. ii. hi s tenants on the estate of Fingalton. 

Seer. Sig. Lib. (1541.) 

obtained, from the crown, the ward of 
the lands which had belonged to his 
father-in-law, Sir William Baillie of 
Lammington, within the constabulary of 
Haddington, (1st October 1545;) the 
non-entry of the lands of the deceased 

Ibid. f. 47. William Schaw of Polkemmet, in the 
counties of Linlithgow and Ayr, (31st 
October 1545;) the nonentry of the 
lands of Fingalton, subsequent to the 

ibid. Lib. xx. death of Robert, Lord Maxwell, the 

£23.' crown tenant, (16th August 1546, and 

2d November 1552;) a confirmation 

s. Sig. Lit. f tne c hurch-lands of Tranent, (12th 

xxxiv. f. 29 K 

November 1565;) and, at a later "period, 
the lands of Smeatoun, annexed to 
the Queen's regality of Dunfermline. 
Under Sir David, Preston and Preston- 
pans were likewise united into one burgh 
of barony, and endowed with all the 
immunities and privileges thereunto be- 
longing : the right likewise was given 
to the superior of erecting a free har- 
bour, and levying dues and customs to 
the same extent as those exigible at Leith 
or in any other portof the kingdom, ( 10th 
November 1552.) 

Sir David was a man whom cotem- 
porary historians have commemorated 
for his gallantry, wisdom, piety, and 
moderation ; and his conduct has extort- 
ed even the praises of those who, from 
their general hostility to his name, were 
but ill disposed to lavish on him any 
gratuitous approbation. 

With his uncles, David and James, 
and his brother Robert, he accompanied 
James V. on his matrimonial voyage to 
France, when that monarch espoused 
Magdalene, daughter of Francis I. 

When the Earl of Hertford was sent 
to ravage Scotland, the town and castle 
of Preston were burned by the invaders, 
(1544;) and it was probably in recom- 
pense of Sir David's services against 
the English, in the subsequent war, that 
he was created Knight Banneret and 
Marischal-deputy of Scotland. 

An early and steadfast friend of the 
new doctrines in religion, he sacrificed 

Hadding. Coll. 
MS. Adv. Lib. 

Mag. Sig. Lib. 
xxx. n. 610. 
S. Sig. Lib. 
xxvii. f. 00. 

Knox. &c. 

S. Sig. Lib. i. 
f. 171. 

Fragm. p. 11. 
Mag. Sig. Lib. 
xxx. n. 610. 
S. Sig. Lib. 
xxvii. f. 60. 

Acta Dom. 
Cone, et Sess. 
15th Julv 1551. 

* Douglas, (Peerage, p. 352, followed by Wood, i. p. 759,) seems to have misread the document 
he quotes ; he precisely reverses its purport- 


even the interests of his house in support 

of the principles he had espoused ; and, 

in their capricious interchange of leaders, 

he is found, along with the partisans of 

the reformation, under the banners of 

the Earl of Lennox, in hostile opposition 

to the defenders of popery, headed by 

seer. Sig. Lib. his kinsman the regent Arran, (1543.) 
xxvi. f. 68. , „. „ „ T , 

After the discomfiture of Lennox sarmy, 

on the muir of Glasgow, he was again 
admitted to the friendship of the Regent; 
and, against the urgent solicitations of 
Cardinal Beaton, he successfully em- 
ployed his personal influence and the 
arguments of toleration, in dissuading 

Buchanan, Lib. the Duke of Chatelherault from accord- 

xv. c. 33. , . . .. 

Knox, p. 55. mg the sanction of the civil magistrate 

I-rwood, e sp C o a t-" to the trial and condemnation of the 
liswode, John- ce l e brated George Wishart, (1545.) He 

stun, cVe. 

appears among those barons who bound 
Keith, p. 146. themselves " to defend the liberty of 
the Evangel of Christ against all religi- 
ous persecution," (27th April 1560;) 
Par!. Rec. ii. was a distinguished member of the Par- 
liament or Convention by which the 
Reformation was established, (1560;) 
suffered a temporary imprisonment, for 
his zeal in the same cause, when dele- 
Knoj.p. 418. gated, by Murray and the discontented 
Cone, sib Sept nobles, to present their letter to the 
Queen after her marriage with Darnley, 
(1565 ;) while, with his brother Robert, 
s. Sig. L.xixii. and his sons George, Robert, and John, 
he was included in the act of grace ac- 
corded to the Duke of Chatelherault and 
his friends, for having subsequently 
maintained the castles of Hamilton and 
Draffen in opposition to the authority of 
the crown, (2d January 1565-6.) 
On the other hand he uniformlv main- 


(. 99 

tained an attachment to his unfortunate preston. 
sovereign; was one of the barons who" 
entered into the " Bond," executed at Keith, pp. io. 


Hamilton, " for the defence of the 
Queen's majestie,' 1 ' after her escape from 
Lochleven Castle, (8th May 1568;) and 
of the number of those attainted for p ar i. R ec ,-; 
having fought in her cause at the ensuing p ' 
battle of Langsyde. 

His influence and moderation fre- Books of Adj. 

i i , • i- . 16 Nov. 1533. 

quently recommended him as mediator i Sept. 31 April 

between the contending parties of the 15 ^ 9 ' s Si un £ 

period. Preston was mutually selected ""■'• 5 ?. 

r _ J Gen. Reg. 

as their place of conference by the par- Deeds, xiii. &c 

tisans of the Queen Dowager and thespottiswode. p. 

Lords of the Congregation, (1559;) Sir 

David was received as surety by their 

Majesties for the compliance of the Duke 

of Chatelherault with the conditions of l^g- Seer. 

his liberation, (26th April 1566;) and, 

after the pacification of Perth, in which, 

with his sons, George, Robert, David, and Ibid - 18th 

William, he was finally included, he not 

only became bound for his own children, 

kinsmen, and dependents, but was chosen 

guarantee, by the Regent Morton, under 

the penalty of 40,000/. for the fulfilments. Sig. is Dec. 

of that treaty by the family of the Duke Deeds ™{ l £|' 

of Chatelherault, and in particular by the 119- 216. 

r J Ibid. xiii. 17th 

Lords John and Claud, CommendatorsJune 1574. 
of Aberbrothoc and Paisley, (1572.) 

Before 1545 he married Janet, daugh~ s - Sig. Lib. x«. 
ter of Sir William Baillie of Lamming-ij. a pp. P . 
ton, who survived him. By her he had,-. X 6 , 5 . 1 '. 

•> Com. Ldinb. 

eight sons and five daughters : 29th Feb. lssi. 

1. George, his successov. 

2. Robert, who, while yet a boy, re- s - si S- Lifa; - 

xxvi. f. 7. 

ceived in commendam from the crown Gen. Reg. 
a presentation to the Deanery of Dun-f 5 %\' ' 
keld, (5th September 1553.) lbi(l 








P. Reg. Sa£ 
IladJ. i. E 30. 
S, *i_:.I..*rxir. 
f. 29. List Ha- 
milton^ A pp. 
Father's Test. 









who either died un- 
married or left no 
male issue. (Fam. 


8. Patrick, the youngest son, whose 
career of violence and oppression has 
been hardly equalled even in the fictions 
of romance. Outlawed, among many si- 
milar offences, for the slaughter of James 
Keg. S«r. Inglis, tutor of Murdistou, of David 

Cone. 5th April , 

md 25th June Stewart in Bute, and tor the mutilation 
iw ?i\ Aug "of Mr Habakuk Bisset of legal celebritv, 

I jo/. 10 Jan. o • * 

I .594. s. Sig. he was at length compelled to seek a re- 

I.ii>. ixvii. tr * r 

109. 119. 136. fuge in the isle of Arrau, under the pro- 
tection of the Earl, ( 1582 :) where, after 
levying contributions, both by land and 
sea, more in the character of a leader of 
banditti than of the Captain of Brodick, 
he was again denounced for carrying off 
and retaining iu captivity, Thomas biglis, 
the young Laird of Murdistou. his brother 
George's ward, ( 16th Jan. 1594— a;) and, 
soon after, met with the tardy retribution 
of his crimes, being slain in an encounter 
by Sir John Hamilton of Lettrick and 
his followers, iu the town of Hamilton 
s. sig. Lib. ^ 2d April 1595.) Bv his wife, Margaret, 

t". 12. 

Lan. Gen. MS. daughter of Job* Hamilton of Stane- 
house, and relict of Robert Hamilton of 

Acta Com. 
Hamilt. et 

i'atnp<. 1st Mylneburne, he left a sou, James. 

1. Margaret. 

2. Joojic, married to John Hamilton 
of Stanehouse. 

Catherine, married 

Dec. 160S. 
Prest. Par. Reg. 

Mag. Si;. Lib 
xliv. 224. 
Crawl - . MS. 
Gen. Reg. 
Deeds, B. »ii. 
I. 260. 

3. Catherine, married, in 1566, to 
Robert, sou and heir-apparent of Hew 
Wallace of Carnell. 

4. Elizabeth, married to Robert Ha- 

Acu Com. 

Edinb. othJuWUiuton of Heuchhead 
158a ' 

5. Jtlis. Acta Com. 

Sir David died 28th November lSWkj&£ 5th Jui ' 

Conf. Test. 
Edin. 29th Feb. 

X. George was served heir to his'5S4-5. 
father in the lauds of Rossaven, Bird- 469. 
melton, Priestgill, and Langkype, in the 
shire of Lanark, 11th May 1584; on 
the 30th July 1591, in the lands of Fin- Abr. Ket. Kent, 
gallon; and, on the 2d May 1600, he'j^,' Lj[) |g 
was also retoured to his great-great- 
grandfather, Sir Robert I., iu the lands 
of Darngabir, in the lordship of Hamil- 
ton. He obtained a royal charter of Mag. sig. Lib. 
the lands of Murehoustou and Hartwood s"s,"' L {,^' 
in the co. of Lanark, 1st July 1591. lxiii ° f - 81* 

An active partisan of the Queen's R e <r. Seer, 
faction, his name frequently occurs !"'"-,' jl'. " 
during the earlier part of his life in the Junc ' j"*- 

... . ,. , . , TT 23d June I57v. 

warlike transactions ot the period. He 
was not, however, knighted, probably 
in consequeucc of having been soon dis- 
qualified for the hardships of military 
service: and, accordingly, on the ground 
of bodily afflictions, he obtained from 
the King a license to P remane and abyd Double or p ro - 
at home fra all oistis and wieris, ■WAd^Lfu a 
alsua fra all coinpeirance upon assyses-- **•) 
and inqueistis during U» lyftyme," (23d 
March 15S7.) But, if thus incapacitated 
for an active interference in the more 
laborious avocations of public life, he 
was not on that account less honourably 
distinguished for his patriotic exertions 
iu the cause of learniug and religion. In 
the execution of plans, which appear to 
have originated with his father, of re- 
establishing, iu the town of Preston, a 
parish church,* and of founding, in 
that burgh, an academy for the higher 

« The church of Preston, belonging to the Monastery of Holyrude, had been burnt by the 


M'Crie's JNlel- 
lille, &c. 

l'ail. Rec. iv. 
p. 302. Prest. 
Par. Rec. 
Hadd. Presb. 
Rec. M'Crie's 

Presb. and Par, 

PatL liec. iv. 
I 302. 

Gen. Reg. 
Deeds, vi. f. 
284. Edinb. 
Com. Rec. 
7th July 1575 

branches of useful knowledge, and in 
particular for the Hebrew, Greek, and 
Latin languages ; he was greatly aided 
by the co-operation of two men, each 
equally pre-eminent in his department, 
Mr John Davidson, one of the greatest 
theologians, and Mr Alexander Hume, 
the most celebrated grammarian of his 
age and country ; of whom, the former 
became, on the new foundation, the first 
minister, the latter the first schoolmaster 
of Preston. Davidson, indeed, contri- 
buted the greater part of a considerable 
fortune to the erection of the two edi- 
fices ; while the patron, furnishing the 
site, provided likewise a cemetery, and 
endowed the clergyman and schoolmaster 
with glebe and garden, and permanent 
provisions. In consequence of these 
endowments, Preston, which had, from 
the first re-establishment of a peculiar 
minister, in 1595, been recognized by 
the church, in all spiritual concerns, as 
an independent parish, was likewise, by 
an act of the legislature, in 1606, for- 
mally separated from Tranent, in order 
to obviate all dispute in regard to its 
temporal relations.* 

In the month of June 1563, he mar- 
ried Barbara, daughter of Sir John Cock- 

burn of Ormiston, distinguished in hie- pfu&stua 
toryas one of the most intrepid reformers 
of the age, and sister of that Alexander 
Cockburn whose astonishing attain- 
ments and early death have been im- 
mortalised by the poetic genius of Bu-Epigr Lib. ii. 

, 26. Miscell. xa. 


By his lady, who survived him, heconf. Test 
had six sons and five daughters : gdinb. l lib 

6 Nov. 1610. 

1. Sir John, his successor. 

2. James, who received from his father Prcst. Par. Kec 
the lands of Darngabir and Burnbrae. %5£?i» ' 
his spouse, Margaret Inglis, a daugh- 
ter of Murdiston, he left only female 


3. Robert, of whom again. 

4. David, 
who died unmarried Gen. R t 

before 1607. 



Deeds, B. 

CKXXV. .'. S8S. 

Prest. Par. Rec. 

1. Joane, married to Sir John Lind-Gen. Rec. 
say of Dunrod, and thereafter to Robert H e th j nn .'i6oa 

Williamson of Mureston. Ibid - B - ox " v - 

f. 28S. 

2. Helen, married, in July 1585, toibid. B. I»ii. 
John, son and heir-apparent of Robert 18 " 1 Dct ' 1091 ' 
Mure of Caldwell. 

3. Margaret, married to Andrew Ha-ibid. b. ,„». 
milton of Letbame. 

4. Alison, married to James Roberton n,id. b. Ro- 
of Earnock. bertonsProto. 

i. 45. 

5. Mary, married to her cousin, p icst . p ar . 

Rec. passim- 

English, in 1541, (Mag. Sig. Lib. xxx. 610. Seer. Sig. Lib. xxvii. f. 60,) and the inhabitants had Gen. Rec 
thereafter acquired a right of ftequenting the church of Tranent, though never regularly incor- DeeJs > B - 
porated as parishioners. — (Rec. Pari. iv. p. 302.) 

* In a poem which the celebrated David Hume of Godscroft inscribes, Georgius Hamiltonius 
Prxstonianus, his benefactions to religion and letters are, among others, eulogised in the following 
lines, which, at the same time, contain a passing compliment to his father Sir David, and his son 
Sir John : 

Patre pio proles, patrisque pit pater idem; 

Fota patri, proles fovit ac ipse paler. 
Ule dedit ludoqve locum, temploqne perennem, 

(Hospitium ntusis, hospiiiumque Deo. J 
Recte, reclejacta cadunt ; piafunera proles 
Instruit, etc. 

(D. Humii Theagrii Poemata, p. 10S. Parisiis, 16SS.) 



PRESTON, Robert Cockburn of Butterdeane, ad- 
vocate, a son of tbe house of Ormiston. 
George died in 1608. 

Gen. Rec. XI. Sir John V. was born in 1565. 

Aug. 1585. On his first marriage, (1587,) he was 

{ h 5 ; 9 d 9 18thDec - vested by his father in the fee of his 
three principal estates, and obtained 
charters from the different superiors, in 

Protoc. B. Ro- his favour, in 1606. After his father's 

berion, ff. 8, 9, , , , ... . . . , . 

10, &c. death he likewise received royal charters 

xkui o|9 L ' b of ti ie united baronies of Preston and 
Ibid. Lib. l. Prestonpans, (20th August 1617, and 
28th March 1623.) 

Rec. Pari. iii. Attainted, exiled, and restored, while 
P- 384. . ' , . . . . . , 

Fairholmc MS. yet a minor, ior his participation in the 

hi/sisterHelen RaidofRuthven, (1584;)he wasstillmore 
ist July 1685. honourably distinguished in his later 
years, by a determined opposition to the 
systematic aggressions of the crown upon 
the civil and religious liberties of the na- 
tion. When James, after the establish- 
ment of an episcopal hierarchy, proceeded 
to impose upon his Scottish subjects the 
ceremonies of the English church, the 
firmness with which Sir John singly re- 
sisted, as a Lord of Articles, the prelimi- 
nary approbation of the Five Articles of 
Perth, and the defiance with which he 
spurned the intimidations of the court, 
when it was attempted to obviate his op- 
position to their final ratification in Par- 
r.iiilti w. prmi-liament, (1621,) afford the subject of ani- 
k'c Ms. Hist, 'mated commendation to the more liberal 
idv. Lib. vol. historians of the period. And when 

'ill. 10. r 

Charles, in prosecution of the same infa- 
tuated policy, at length roused the spirit 
of the nation by his arbitrary attempt to 
prescribe a liturgy and canons; Sir John 
became a leading member of the com- 
mittees of opposition organized under 

the name of Tables, (1637;) a zealous 
promoter of the covenant, which was 
soon universally renewed throughout the 
kingdom, (1638 ;) and a strenuous advo- Preston Par. 
cate for a hostile resistance to the designs Hadd. Presb. 
manifested by the King of suppressing Rec,pa j S 'p'^ 
the legitimate liberties of the people, passim. 
(1639.) Commissioner for East Lothian 
in that memorable Parliament, (1639- 
1641,) which established the constitu- 
tional rights of the Scottish nation, and 
by the example of a successful issue, in 
its armed contest with the sovereign, 
animated the English people to impose 
similar restraints on the excessive pre- 
rogative of the crown; he protested, on p ar ] Rct . v 
its opening, in name of the baron s, against |?5'„ 2 * 8 ' 330 ' 
the acknowledgment of the Earl of 
Traquair as his Majesty's commissioner; 
and was one of the committee appointed 
for trying that nobleman, the Earl of 
Montrose, and the other persons im- 
peached as " incendiaries and plotters." 
In the subsequent Convention of Estates, 
(1643—1644,) which resumed hostilities 
against the King, and contracted an al- 
liance with the English Parliament, 
(though now far advanced in years and ibid. vi. 52. s*. 
not destined to survive its dissolution,) 
he continued to take an active share 
both in the military and civil appoint- 
ments of the assembly, and was, to the 
last, a frequent member of its most im- 
portant committees. 

Sir John was thrice married. About 
the year 1587, he espoused Johanna, 
eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Otter- Gen. Reg. 
burne of Ridhall ; after whose decease, Dec. 1599 
(30th September 1619,) he married £™ f - ^J; 
Catharine Howison ; and she also dying, 26th Dec. 16)20. 
(1629,) he took, to his third wife, 


Conf. Test. 
Commis. 29th 
Dec. 1631. 

Acta Com. 
Edin. 2d March 
Par. Rec. 

Family Hist, 
and B. Rcber- 
ton's Protocol, 
f. 126, and 
Conf. Test. 
Edinb. 26th 
Dec. 1620. 

B. Roberton's 
Protocol, f. 15, 
and P. It. Sasin. 
Hadd. Lib. viii. 
f. 307. 

Prest. Par. Rec. 

(January 1632,) Dame Helen, daugh- 
ter of James Lumisdaine of Ardrie, 
in the county of Fife, and relict of 
Sir Archibald Douglas of Whitting- 

By his first lady he had three sons : 

1. Sir James, his successor. 

2. Colonel Robert, of Sauchtonbarne, 
of whom again. 

3. George, born in 1601, who, with 
his brother Robert, accompanied the 
Marquis of Hamilton to the German 
wars, and was slain at the siege of Mag- 
deburgh, in 1632. 

Sir John had likewise a natural son, 
George, born before 1587, and married, 
in 1624, to Dorothea Livingstone; from 
whom are probably descended the Ha- 
miltons of Cairnes, and their cadet, the 
Hamiltons of Mount-Hamilton, in the 
eo. of Armagh, Baronets of Ulster. 

Sir John died May 1644. 

XII. Sir James II. did not long 
survive his father, during whose life he 
was usually styled of Fingalton. Born 
Prot.B.Kobert. about 1589; he was married, in 1609, 
vii.98.Pres.Par. to Barbara, only daughter of Robert 
Prol ^ 7 oberU Mureof Caldwell; was knighted in 1615; 
Part. Reg. Sas. an( j died in October 1644. 

Had. I. ili. xxxii. . , . 

f. 406. On his own marriage he received 

Gen. Reg. Sas. from gir John ttfi fatffy estates in fee; 

and, on the establishment of his eldest 
son, Robert, new titles were executed 
in favour of the marriage ; in which the 
estates, as in the previous investitures, 
Mag. Sig. Lib. were strictly limited to heirs-male, (31st 

lii.233. Gen. . 

Reg. Sas. Lib. Juty 1629.) 

m™. ff. 27. Before his father's death, Sir James, 
among other properties, acquired, from 

his cousin-german, Andrew Hamilton pheston. 
of Lethame, the lands of Over and ",TT " „ 

Protoc. B. Ro- 

Nether-Lethame, Windyedge, Nether- herton. f. 106. 
Cruickburn, Carnduff, Littlekipe, St 
Bryde's Chapel, Patrickholme, &c. in 
the barony of Avendale, (28th January 
1620;) from his cousin-german, David 
Lindsay, son and heir of Sir John Lind- ibid. f. 161. 
say of Dunrod, the lands of Linbank 
within the same lordship, (31st May 
1623;) from his cousin-german, Alex- 
ander Lindsay of Dunrod, the lands of ibid. f. 187 
Milnehouse and Middlesheilds, in the 
regality of Kilbryde, (26th April 1624;) 
and, from Robert Lindsay, the lands of 
Little Udston in the barony of Hamil- i^d. ff |. ti 
ton, with the Serjeantie and Crowner- 
ship of the regality of Kilbryde, (23d 
January 1623.) 

He inherited the political and religi- 
ous principles of his family. On the 
renewal of hostilities between the Cove- 
nanters and the King, in 1643, he was 
nominated, by the Convention of Estates, p ar i. Rec. xi 
colonel of horse for the shire of Lanark, pp- I31 
and, by the subsequent Parliament, com- 
missioner of war for the constabulary of 
Haddington, (1644.) 

By his lady, who survived him, he 
had two sons and two daughters : 

1. Robert, who, on his marriage with 
Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Henryson 
of Chesters, (25th August 1629,) re- Mag. Sig. tt 
ceived conjunct investiture, with his,, en ' Re S- Sas - 
father, in the estates within the coun- Abr - Ret ' Had. 

T. • 139 - La °- 173 

ties of Lanark and Renfrew; but died Ren. 86. 
without issue in Sir James' lifetime, to la, .\ x \% /g 

whom accordingly the fee returned, ? e " - Re S- Sa! 

° J ' f. 57, &c. 


2. John, his father's successor. 



pkesion. I. Jane, married to Robert Mont- 

Crawf. MS. gomery of Haslehead. 

baronage, 289, 2 . Anne, married to her cousin, Sir 

321. lam. Hist. 

Gen. Reg. Sas. Thomas Hamilton, wbo ultimately suc- 
Ma g . Si g. Lib. ceeded to the inheritance and representa- 
Rel'^'pa' 1 ' tion of the famiI y as be^-male. 

Ger|. R e P- 

XIII. John VI. on bis first marriage, 
(1st September 1633,) received from his 
father an investiture in the Lanark and 
Renfrewshire estates, and he made up 

Abr. Ret. Had. titles, after Sir James's death, to the 

Reg. Sas. 3 Had. barony of Preston in November 1644. 

B. xxxiii. f- j a the following year, with the consent 
of his uncle Robert, he executed an en- 
tail of bis different lands and baronies ; 
whereby they were destined, failing the 
heirs-male of his own body, to his cousin 
and brother-in-law, Captain Thomas 
Hamilton of Brotherstains, and his issue 

Mag. sig Lib. male, whom failing, to his own heirs- 

!\ii. n. 510. , . , 

male in general. 

He married, first, bis kinswoman, 
Gen. Reg. Sas. Anne, daughter of Robert, Master of 

vol. xxxviii. ff. ' 

,M>. <>4. Dalzell, afterwards second Earl or Carn- 

wath, (September 1633;) second, Mar- 
ibid, vol. l. f. garet, daughter of Sir John Seton of 
Keg. Edin.Par Saint Germans (26th October 1641;) 
Keg. Pari. Rec. Dut ^ e( j } without issue by either of his 

vii.p. 98. 

Orig.Ret.xxix. wives, in the month of February 1647. 


XII. Robert IV. John was suc- 
ceeded in the representation, though not 
in the inheritance of the family, by his 
uncle, Colonel Robert Hamilton of 
Sauchtonbarne, second son of Sir John 
Hamilton of Preston V. Born in 1600, 
he bad served with reputation under 

Conf. Test. Gustavus Adolphus. He died in Nov. 

remand nf' 164,8 ' ,(?aviB g ^e ^sue by neither of 

his wives : of whom - the first was his Dec. 1648. 
cousin-german, Elizabeth, daughter of & [. es " 
Thomas Otterburne of Ridhall, (married 
March 1628;) the second, Agnes, daugh- 
ter of Robert Lumisdaine of Airdrie, his 
mother-in-law's niece, (married October 
1632.) The right of male representa- 
tion, and the right of inheritance were 
thus again soon conjoined in the person 

XII. Sir Thomas, only son of 
Robert Hamilton, third son of George 
Hamilton of Preston, who, in virtue of 
the destination previously narrated, was 
retoured heir of provision and entail of Abr. Ret. Had. 
John Hamilton of Preston, his paternal^' 12 g_ LaD _' 
uncle's grandson, (nepotis patrui,) in the^- Gen "■ 
baronies of Preston and Prestonpans, 
free harbour, &c. in the lordship of Fin- 
galton, and in the lands of Ross, Ross- 
aven, Rosspark, Brunthill, Brumhilton, 
Priestgill, &c. (2d June 1647); and he Part. Ret. Sas, 
forthwith obtained investiture of these f. 432, &,.. 
estates on the precept of John's charters 
of entail, (4th June 1647, &c.) His 
filiation and descent are likewise, among 
many other deeds, proved by his instru- 
ment of seisin in the lands of Brother- 
stains, (3d September 1643,) wherein 
he is described as " Captain Thomas 
Hamilton, lawful son of Robert Hamil-ibid. B. s»xn- 
ton, brother-german of Sir John Ha- 
milton of Preston, Knt." 

His father, Robert, usually styled of 
Newhaven, after his marriage with Janet, Abr. Ret. Edit 
daughter of John Johnstone of Elphin- p~? t p *" lt ,, 
ston, (November 1606,) among other pro- 
visions, received from his brother John, B. Robert. 

. , Protoc. f. 14 

a right of annualrent out of the lands of 

f. 25. 


Prest. Par. 


Rossaven, (13th July 1607.) Besides 

his son, Sir Thomas, he had several 

daughters : 
rias's 1. Margaret, married to John Aik- 

Hl.'p^sLpar. man of'Cairny, (November 1640.) 
RcC "lb,J 2 - Mar y> to Robert, father of Sir 

James Oswald, (October 1642;) and, 

v i Jennet's 3. Alison, to John Bennet of Liviland. 

Hirthbrief, . 

1696. Gr. Seal Robert died in 1643, in his 7 2d year. 
Sir Thomas was born 23d April 1618, 
and educated to the profession of arms. 
Though moderate in his opinions, he 
steadily maintained the political and re- 
ligious principles of his family ; and his 
signature to the Covenant of 1638 is to 

a v. i.,b. be seen on one of the few copies of that 
compact that have escaped the accidents 
of time. 

When the Scottish Parliament, in 
consequence of their clandestine treaty, 
or engagement, with Charles I., found 
it expedient to place the kingdom in 
a posture of defence, preparatory to the 
Duke of Hamilton's march into Eng- 
land, (1648,) Sir Thomas was nomi- 
nated a commissioner of war for the co. 
of Lanark and the constabulary of Had- 
dington ; and, in the following year, he 

ParL Re.-, vi was appointed Colonel of foot for the 

pp. 298, 299. , . ~ T , , . . c 

372, 373. 389. shire ot Lanark, and commissioner tor 

that county and East Lothian, when an 
English invasion was anticipated, in con- 
sequence of the recognition of Charles 
II. in the Scottish throne. The sacri- 
fices and exertions which he made on 
this occasion — the great losses which, in 
consequence of equipping a body of horse 
at his own expense, he incurred at the 
unfortunate battle of Dunbar — the wast- 


ing of his estates by the invaders after presxoh. 
that defeat — the burning of his ship — "" 
the burning of the castle of Preston, 
in which, among other valuables, the 
charter-chest, containing his whole fa- 
mily papers, was consumed — are, along Vol. »i. p. 5»<k 
with his subsequent services and suffer- "'" p- 98 " 

1 App. p. 69. 

ings, commemorated at length in the re- 
cords of the Scottish Parliament. But, 
after this discomfiture, when the defence 
of their country and the maintenance of 
the royal cause had been abandoned by the 
more violent Covenanters, Sir Thomas 
obtained a freer field for his exertions, and 
this, principally through his connexion 
with that gallant and unfortunate noble- 
man, William, Duke of Hamilton. 

" It was about the end of January Memoirs of 
1651, (says Burnet,) that the Duke was ^".'"m. 
suffered to come and wait on the King ; 
but at that time Cliddisdale, with the 
other places where his interest lay, were 
in the enemies hands, who had put gar- 
risons in Hamilton, Douglas, Carnwath, 
Boghall, and other houses of that coun- 
try. Yet the Duke got quickly about 
him a brave troop of about an hundred 
horse, made up of many noblemen and 
gentlemen who rode in it, among whom 
were divers Earls and Lords, whose 
lands being also possessed by the enemy, 
they could do no more but hazard their 
own persons in his Majesty's service : 
the rest were his vassals and gentlemen 
of his name ; and they were commanded 
under him by a gallant gentleman, Sir 
Thomas Hamilton of Preston, whom he- 
sent with eighteen horse to Cliddisdale, 
to try if the enemy could be catched at 
any disadvantage and the people of the 



freston. country raised for the King. The 
enemy kept so good guards and was so 
strong at Hamilton that he could not 
fall in there; therefore he went to Dou- 
glass, were he took about eighty horse 
that belonged to the garrison, but could 
not surprise the house, for it was too 
strong to be taken without cannon. He 
likewise took all the horse that belonged 
to the garrison at Boghall, and killed 
twenty soldiers. This made the enemy 
keep closer at Hamilton; upon which 
the Duke resolved to raise ten troops of 
horse, and appointed Sir Thomas Ha- 
milton Lieutenant-Colonel ; but the 
enemies garrisons gave great interrup- 
tions to his designs."* 

On the march into England, the 
Duke's regiment was honourably dis- 
tinguished at Warrington Bridge, where 
Lambert was repulsed ; but it was in the 
field of Worcester, which Cromwell 

Eng. Pari. himself declared to have been " as stiff 
II it. xx. p. 44. 

a contest, for four or five hours, as ever 

he had seen — a crowning and a glori- 
ous mercy;" — it was in this battle, main- 
tained by the royal army against forces 
nearly treble its amount, that the regi- 
ment and its commanders performed 
achievements which have been noticed 
IbkJ « p. 66. with peculiar commendation by the his- 
torians of that memorable action. " The 
Duke's regiment," says Burnet, " was 
commanded to charge a body of horse 
and foot that stood near two pieces of 
cannon, not far from the Severn ; but 


there were two great bodies of foot stand- 
ing on each side of the lane through 
which they were to go, and these firing 
on them as they passed, they received 
great loss ; but, having got through the 
lane, there was no coming to the enemy, 
who stood in a close ground, but through 
a gap iu the hedge, through which the 
Lieutenant-Colonel, (Sir Thomas Ha- 
milton of Preston,) with a very incon- 
siderable number, charged, and the 
enemy gave ground and left the cannon' 
in their hands, the horse retiring to 
Hacker's regiment, who came up and 
charged, and was gallantly received by 
the Lieutenant-Colonel and the Duke's 
regiment; but some foot, brought to 
line the hedges on their flanks, fired so 
on them that they were forced to retire. 
TheDuke, being near the King's person, 
and observing all that passed, inquired 
who they were, and being told it was 
his own regiment, he thought it un- 
worthy of him to be too far from danger 
when they were so put to it, and galloped 
all alone from the King to the place 
where they were, when he found 
them retiring, and did all he could, 
either by words or tlireatenings, to make 
them keep their ground. But the enemy 
did still bring up more foot, and fired 
incessantly on them, and most of the 
officers were either wounded or had 
their horses killed under them; parti- 
cularly the Lieutenant-Colonel, who had 
all the while charged very gallantly, had 

* " Memorandum, yat about ye latter end of Maij, Q1661,]] during ye sitting of ye Parliament, 
ye Lain! of Freston Hamilton, Duke Hamilton's Lieutenant, tooke from the English, neir Carn- 
wath, 100 horses., withe sadells and pistolls." — (.Sir James Balfour's Memorials. Works, vol. iv. 
p. 307.) 


bis horse shot under him, and so they 
were beaten back." 

The Duke, mortally wounded, fell into 

the hands of the enemy ; Sir Thomas was 

of the small number of those survivors 

who escaped being made prisoners in the 

action or subsequent pursuit. But he 

Pari. Ret. vii. only regained Scotland to find his lands 

Mag', sig. Reg. devastated by the enemy — his coal- 

Papyr. L. vi. m ines ruined — his estates sequestrated — 

N-ohells Acts, * 

.in. lfi.5fi. c. 9. and himself amerced, by the English Par- 
liament, in a penalty of 1000/. sterling. 
Commissioner for East Lothian, in 
the Parliament summoned after the Re- 
storation, (1661-1663,) he was fre- 
quently in that assembly nominated 
Pari. Ret. vii. a Lord of Articles ; and continued like- 
440. 50+, &c. w * se a lading member in the two fol- 
lowing Conventions of Estates, (1665- 
1669.) One of the earliest proceedings 
of the first Parliament of Charles II. 
was a legislative enactment " in favour 
of Sir Thomas Hamilton of Preston con- 
cerning the making up his writs that wer 
burnt be the late usurpers in the month of 
October 1650 years," (3d April 1661;) 
and another, in which the various losses 
he had incurred at the hands of the in- 
vaders, and his expenditure of f horses, 
amies, monyes, and other necessars, both 
at Dunbar and Worcester," were recorded 
to his honour, and by the Parliamentary 
commissioners estimated with an un- 
remunerative accuracy at the sum of 
51,866/. 13s. M. (llth May 1661.) 

In virtue of the act of Parliament in 
his favour, he obtained new investitures 
of his different estates; and having pre- 
viously purchased from Robert, Earl of 

Gen. Reg. sas. Nithsdale, for thesum of 156*, 000 merks, 
B.Ui.p.311. ^ whole lands and lOTdsbjp f the 

Ibid. p. OS. 

Ibid. App | 

Mearns, (19th April 1650,) and obtained 
from William, Duke of Hamilton, the 
surrender of his intermediate superio- 
rity ; the barony of Fingalton was con- 
joined, by royal charter, with the united 
baronies of Preston and Prestonpans, 
(4th June 1663.) 

Sir Thomas was thrice married ; first, 
in his nineteenth year, to Margaret 
Murray, (July 1637;) second, to his 
cousin, Anne, younger daughter of Sir 
James Hamilton of Preston, prior to 
1645 ; and, third, after 1662, to Dame 
Rachel Burnet, relict of Sir Thomas 
Nicolson of Cockburnspath, King's Ad- 
vocate, daughter of Robert Burnet, Lord 
Crimond, and sister of the Bishop. 

He left issue, by his second lady, two 
sons and three daughters : 

1. Sir William^ 1 Baronets, succes- 

2. Sir Robert, i sively of Preston. 

1. Janet, born 12th June 1653; mar- 
ried, 1 1th November 1676, to Alexander, 
afterwards Sir Alexander Gordon of 
Earlston, Baronet, the worthy represen- 
tative of a family long distinguished for 
its patriotic struggles in the cause of 
civil and religious liberty; and died 26th 
February 1697. She shared the per- 
secutions of her husband at home and 
abroad; her character has been eulogised 
by the impartial historian of the Scottish 
Church ; and her religious meditations, 
in the solitary dungeons of the Bass, 
have been frequently republished under 
the title of " Lady Earlston's Soliloquies." 

2. Margaret, born 1656 ; married, 
30th April 1682, to her cousin-german, 
James, afterwards Sir James Oswald; 
and died 1689. 

3. Jane, born 15th December 1659; 

Mag. Sig. Lib. 
lviii. 359. 

Edin. Par. Uul 
Prest. Par. Ker. 

Mag. Sig. Lib. 


Pari. Rec. vii. 

p. 98. 

Prest. Par Rec. 

Burnet's Own 
Times, i. p. 
471. Crawf. 
MS. Baronage 
p. 345. Prest. 
Par. Rec. 

Prest. Par. Keg 
Earlston Fam. 
Hist. Scots 
Spratt's Con- 
spiracy, passim 

Shields' Kaitbf. 
Cent, passim. 
Christ. Cond. 
MS. Letters. 
Wodrow, ii. 
p. 311. 

Part. Reg. Sas. 
Hadd. 31 Ma, 
1682. Prest. 
Par. Reg. 

Faithf. Coin. 



preston after sharing the exile of her brother 

. r 

P . 20S. Edin. an d eldest sister, was married, 23d Feb. j 

Par. nc S . 1688 to gj r Thomas Young of Rose- 
Conf. Test. ' a 

Edin. 7 May bank; and died 1719. 


Mag. Sig. Liii. Sir Thomas Hamilton died about the 
w * ,sl - year 1672. 

Prsfet.Par. Reo. XIII. SirWilliam I. (first Baronet,) 
was born in 1647. He was vested, by 
his father, in the fee of the family estates, 
( 1 668 ;) after whose demise he obtained 

Mag Sig. Lib- new charters of his different lands and 
baronies, as " eldest lawful son of Sir 
Thomas Hamilton of Preston, Knight," 

Ibid-Dejure (7th August 1675.) Knighted previous 

4c a MS 0n Aclv. t0 his Other's death, he was, on the 5th 

Lil iac. v. 7. November 1673, created a Baronet of 

28. Pan. Reg. 

Sas. Hadd. 13. Nova Scotia, with remainder to his 

xlv. ff. 83. 70. . . , . , 

; , lieirs-male in general. 

In his principles Sir William re- 
sembled his predecessors, being a pres- 
Robert's print- byterian and a whig ; but he was wholly 

cd and MS. , ., ., , ,._. 

Lettei?.Shields' a dverse to the civil and religious extra- 
Faithf. Com. va g anc i es f hjg brother Robert. From 

policy, or constraint, he even accom- 
panied Monmouth when marching to 
quell the insurrection headed by that 
enthusiast; and the influence which, in 
Spratt's True the rebel camp, Sir William was believed 
Conspiracy ''^ possess over the Duke, contributed 
informations) not a little to paralyse the exertions of 
that party among the insurgents, who 
were not, like their commander, disin- 
clined to all conditional submission. His 
undisguised opposition, however, to the 
arbitrary measures of the court, and his 
ibid. p. 97. connexion of friendship and of blood 
i. 176. 183 &c.' w ^h those whose designs against the 
government were no longer secret, hav- 
ing exposed him to the hostility of the 
ruling faction ; he was the more easily 

induced to hazard his own life, and to 
embark the fortunes of the family, in the 
project of liberating his country from 
the despotism under which it suffered. 
With this view, after securing a pro- 
vision for his wife and daughters, hers. Sig. an. 168 1. 
confidentially sold to his brother-in-law, q^ ° Re „ g 

Sir James Oswald, (reserving- the right B - xlv - f - S3 - 

_ v ° Scots Worthiea. 

of redemption to himself and heirs,) Ins 
baronies of Preston and Fingalton, his 
lands of Ross, Brunthill, Brumhilton, 
Priestgill, &c. (1681;) and soon after, 
passing into Holland, he joined the Eng- 
lish and Scottish malcontents assembled 
at the Hague. Engaging in the designs 
of Monmouth and Argyle, he accom- Renwick . 

■ ill i • i rs Letters, j 

panied the latter in his descent on Scot- 103. 131 
land, in 1685; and, after the failure bfS^V 

Rob. Hanld- 

that ill-starred enterprise, was so for- ton ' sMS 

tun ate as to remain for a season con- 
cealed among his friends, and ultimately 
to escape a second time into Holland. 

There, he became a distinguished fa-Crawf. Rem. 
• i i t-i • o *~v . on Ragman's 

vourite with the Prince of Orange, in r h, ap ud 
whose army he held a high command in pa^jj'i'/ : 
the expedition to England of 1688. He 
did not however live to witness the suc- 
cess, or to reap the fruits of that glori- 
ous enterprise : but died at Exeter, of a 
sudden illness, while the troops were on ibid. 
the march to London, (November.) 

In 1 670 Sir William married Rachel, s. 168!. 
daughter of the celebrated Sir Thomas p ar . Rec 
Nicolson of Cokburnspath, Lord Advo-B^; 1 ^ 

cate, and of Rachel Burnet, afterwards 213 - 345 - Ad ' 

third wife of his father. By her he left 

three daughters : 

1. Rachel, born March 1671, whoPrest. Pur.Re* 
died unmarried before 1697. ii.T 109! 

2. Anne, born 6th September 1672; ibid. Edin, 

Par Rec 

married, 1st October 1697, to her cousin Baiilie's Life «rf 


Sii T. Craig. Thomas, eldest son of Sir James Os- 

p. 18. Cravrf. . . 

MS. Baronage, wald ; again, in 1705, to her cousin, 
Gilbert Burnet, advocate, and commis- 
sioner of the customs, son of Sir Thomas 
Burnet, King's physician, elder brother 
of the bishop; and died 4th May 1718. 

3. Janet, born 8th September 1 673 ; 
and married 29th August 1695, to 
Edinb. — — George Stirling of Lethem. 

Sir William, leaving no male issue, 
was succeeded in the representation and 
honours of the family by his brother 

Pie3t.Par.Rec. XIII. Sir Robert V. was born in 
Warthl?. COtS 1650. He was educated under Bishop 
Burnet, when professor in the Univer- 
sity of Glasgow ; and, according to the 
testimony of that author, was originally 
Hist, of Own a sprightly youth' of great promise, but, 
' associating with those zealots whose en- 
thusiasm was sublimated by persecution, 
he soon imbibed the most extravagant 
notions in politics and religion. As the 
champion of a religious party, intolerant 
of all deflection from the narrow ortho- 
doxy of his opinions, and as the chief of 
a popular insurrection, compromising the 
success of the cause to the purity of the 
instruments to be employed in its de- 
fence; his conduct has naturally been 
the object of hyperbolical praise, or of 
M* Ward's vindictive calumny. But, although his 
Faithf! Coin. $ character has been fully vindicated from 
Chris W Cond eS ' tue malicious reproaches of debauchery 
Preface. His anr i CO wardice ; it must be acknowledged 
Letters. Wil- that the inflexibility or his principles, it 
not the pride of his disposition, eminent- 

ly disqualified him from performing that preston. 
part which, in the exigencies of his situa-^ tliw j, ~ 
tion, a prudent policy prescribed ; and : ?''. ld .S e > &c - 

J l J t Spirit of Pop-r) 

necessarily drew down upon him thep- 85. Capt. 

i . . Creichton'b 

keenest animosity of those partisans.\iem.inS«iit\ 
whom he affronted by his rejection and" n °,f HuJ t j rk " 

did not silence by his success. Wodrow's Hist. 

J . Wodrow MSS. 

When the Scottish Presbyterians,8vo. iv. n. 12. 

goaded to desperation, at length rose in^y*. Scots"" 

rebellion against the oppression of their w ^, rth \ cs ' , 
° rl Wilson's BattU 

rulers, the insurrection was headed by°f Bothwell 

t» _i_ ,. ■ tt n ii i i Bridge. Wo I 

Kobert Hamilton; and he commanded row, &c. 
their forces with greater intrepidity than 
prudence, in the victory of Drumclog 
and the discomfiture of Bothwell Bridge, 
(1679.)* After this defeat he avoided Keg.Secr.Conc. 

,, „ ,. , . , ,26 June 16T9. 

the consequences of his attainder and e t passim. 
condemnation by an escape into Holland. Wodrovv ' J! 
There, in Geneva and the Palatinate, he Fountainh - 

, . Dec. i. p. 23 i 

endeavoured to excite the sympathy of Books of Adj. 

foreign Calvinists, with the sufferings of 2 April 1G83 

their Scottish brethren; and, along with 

his brother-in-law, Gordon of Earlston, 

he acted as commissioner in behalf of the 

united societies, whom he greatly assisted Shields' Faith f. 

i i . . n i • • f Cont. passim. 

by his influence, in obtaining tor them Renwick's 
the countenance and support of the con- , ?} te ' s ""-' 

rr Late, passim. 

tinental churches. In Holland, however, 
he continued principally to reside, al- 
though the English government, appris- 
ed of his intention of returning with arms Spratt's True 

, . Account of 

and money to the assistance ot his perse- Horrid Cou- 
cuted countrymen, repeatedly urged spI '? cy '. ,'", 
upon the States an application for his de- Faithf. Com. p. 
livery. At length the Revolution of 1688, 
(in which, however, the fastidious nature J 1S. Lettei ». 

. Scots Wortiiie*. 

of his principles would not sanction his Christ Cond 
concurrence, ) allowed him to return from 

* Laing, with rnoie than his usual inaccuracy, 
account of the western insurrection. —{Hist. ii. p. 

speaks of Robert Hamilton as a preacher, in his 


HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL MEMOIRS'oN. exile. His attainder being reversed, he 

idii. iTec. ix. succeeded, on his brother's death, to the 

i. IGfi. honours of the family ; but while, as his 

.is Letters, own letters and his biographer inform 

Christ. Cond. us ne cou l c i no t without violence to his 

Scots \v orthics. 

Wodrow MSS. notions of religious obligation, " ac- 

tto xv!. 11, 3. , 

knowledge an uncovenanted sovereign 

of these covenanted nations," he con- 
stantly refused to prefer any claim for 
Worthies his brother's estates, which he was legally 
entitled to vedeeni ; as such a proceeding 
would have necessarily involved a re- 
cosmition of the Prince and Princess of 
Orange in their title to the Scottish 
crown. At the same time, his own celi- 
bacy, and the marriage of Sir William's 
eldest daughter with Sir James Oswald's 
eldest son, rendered this measure less 
imperative in the view of mere temporal 
propriety; and he contented himself with 
MS. Letters privately securing the entailed settle- 
";'''"'"''• ''ment of the family inheritance on the 
issue of that alliance. 

But the irritation which, as the leader 

of a party, his dissent from the latitudi- 

nary principles on which the Revolution 

had been conducted, naturally excited, 

conjoined with the intemperate avowal 

of his sentiments, soon involved him in 

new troubles. Suspected, not without 

reason, of having been the author of the 

Christ. Cond. Declaration published by 4i the faithful," 

'' ' at Sanquhar, 10th August 1692, he was 

soon after arrested at Eariston, and de- 

Ibid. Pre&ce tained a prisoner in Edinburgh andHad- 

sa,ts Worthies. d j t(m f or nea rly eight months. Dur- 
st s. Letters. » jo 

ing this interval he was frequently 

brought before the Privy Council ; but, 

i;.-.s«r.Conc.though declining the competence of the 

i3. Kith Sept. tribuna]j and re f us i n g to answer inter- 

rogatories, to accept the oath of allegi-isthOct. 168^ 

ance, to acknowledge the authority of ^j^ 6 , 1 ^ 1 ' 

William and Mary, or to enter into any Christ - Co"' 1 - 

,. . . p- 18—26. 

obligation not to rise against their go- MS. Letters. 

vernment, he was at length liberated, 

not without his solemn protest on thecim'st. Com). 

occasion, and a formal exposition of hisS" 2 . 6 \, T ■.- 

~ Scots Worth i ■ s 

principles political and l'eligious, (5th 
May 1693.) From this period, however, 
lie was permitted to testify, without of- 
ficial molestation, against the backslid- 
ings both in church and state ; as his 
biographer informs us, " was, during his Ibid, and 
life, the principal stay and comforter of Ravis ' he a d n Ma ,,, 
that afflicted remnant, who alone, amid in tbe wilder - 

ness, p. 10. 

the general defection of the times, con- 
tinued faithful in their obligations to 
Christ and his covenanted cause ;" while, 
after his death, the memory of his ser- 
vices has been fondly cherished by his 

religious partisans, and recorded, for Christ. Cond. 

p. 62. 
pious imitation, both in prose and verse. Scots Worthies. 

Sir Robert died, unmarried, 20th Oc- I!,il - 

tober 1701, aged fifty-one years. 

XIII. Robert VI. In consequence 
of the death of Sir Robert V., and the 
previous extinction of the more proxi- 
mate cadets of the house of Preston, the 
representation and honours of that fa- 
mily reverted to Robert Hamilton of 
Airdrie, in the co. of Lanark, fifth in 
the male line from John, second son of 
Sir Robert Hamilton of Preston, second 
of that name. The particulais of this 
descent are as follows: 

(/.) John, second son of Sir Robert kirdrie Writs. 

c »•.— a Acta Com. Glas. 

Hamilton vt Preston 11., before lo03 5l Hamilton and 
married Helen Crawfurd, who appears Q™ p , s [ 5 < g "' 
to have been a daughter of Am*$bald B » ime ' sH ° use 


oi Hamilton, 

MS. Adv. Lib 
Wishaw's Lan. 
ark, MS. Ibid. 
Yam. Hist. 
Ani.ales Univ. 
Gias. torn. i. 
f. 85. torn. ii. 
ff. 130. 136, 

Acta Dom. 
Cone. B. xix. 
ft. 47. 93. 146. 

Kani. Hist. 

Airdrie Wi il 

Airdrie Titles. 
Seer. Sig. 
iv. 59. Mag. 
Sig. Lib. 
xxxix. 8. Reg. 
Sas. Glos. 4tli 
Feb. 1559. 

Airdrie Writs, 

Glas.Com. Rec. 
( Ham. & Cam.) 

Airdrie Writs. 
Glas.Cqm Rec 


Crawfurd of Ruchsulloch, hereditary 
baillie of the Monkland, when he ob- 
tained an assedation of the lands of 
Airdrie,* within that lordship, from the 
Abbot and Monastery of Newbottle. 
Educated in the University of Glasgow, 
he repeatedly appears, along with his 
brothers Robert, Patrick, and James, 
as procurator for bis father and other 
relatives, in actions before the Lords of 
Council, in 1507 and 1508. 

Slain at Flodden, in 1513, he left, by 
his wife, two sons : 

1. Methusalem; his successor. 

2. William. 

(II.) Methusalem obtained from 
Edward, Abbot of Newbottle, (2d May 
152.2,) in favour of himself, his mother 
Helen Crawfurd, his spouse Christian 
Bell, and his brother William, a renewal 
of the assedation formerly granted to his 
father; from James, Abbot of that 
Monastery, (21st February 1541,) a 
second renewal, to himself and spouse, 
with reversion to their sou John ; and, 
finally, from Mark Ker, Commendator 
of that Abbey, (12th April 1559,) a 
grant of the absolute property of the 
lands of Airdrie, in favour of his son 
John, in fee, and of himself in liferent. 

By his spouse, Christian Bell, who 
survived him, he had, besides other chil- 
dren whose names do not appear, two 
sons and four daughters : 

1. John, who died unmarried in 1561. 

2. Gavin, his successor. 
1. Janet, married to James, cousin- 

Glas. Com- Hi- 
1. c. 




german of Sir Robert Dalzell of that 
Ilk. : 

2. Gelis. 

3. Isabella. 

4. Agnes. 
Methusalem died subsequent to the 

year 1564. 

(III.) Gavin, second son of Methu- 
salem, among sundry other grants, on a 
precept of dare constat, by Mark Ker, 
Commendator of Newbottle, (31st Oct. 
1561,) obtained, as heir of his brother 
John, investiture in the lands of Airdrie, 
(23d July 1570.) Of the same date, onAirdiit Writs 
a resignation of his different properties, 
he received from the same superior a 
charter in favour of his son John in fee, 
and of himself in liferent ; on which 
sasine was taken 31st February 1587. 

Like most gentlemen of his name, 
he zealously espoused the interests of 
the unhappy Queen. He was engaged 
in the celebrated capture of the King'6 Reg. Seer. 

. . c,,. 1. ,..„, v , Cone. 17 June 

party in Stirling, ( 1571 :) and was com- 1572. 23 June 
pelled to produce guarantees for his 157y 
obedience in 1572 and 1579. 

In 1567 he married Isabella, daughter Airdrie Writs 
of James Robertou of Ernock ; and died rJ c . Test, oi 
17th August 1591, leaving by his wife, f^'^Jr* 
who survived him, besides a daughter, Ms - Baronage 

6 P-379. Nisbet, 

Christian, tour sons : ii. a;j P . p. 156. 

1. John, his successor. 

2. Gavin, who died without issue, Gen. Ret. 23it. 

« (.nr* R- Robcrton\ 

Protoe. f. 46 

3. James, who died unmarried, Nov. ibid.Conf.Tc 

4. Archibald. Protoe. 3. 

Roberton. ff 

— —72.51. 

» " Airdrie stands on a beautiful rising ground, from which the place derived its Celtic name, 
signifying the king's height, or rising ground." — (Chalmers' Caledonia, iii. p. 700.) 



prestos. (IV. ) John was born in ] 569. Among 

inscription on other grants he received from Mark Ker, 
J^T^Commendator of Newhottle, on the re- 


erected t>y John, signation of John Wood, a charter of 
the lands of Ryyards, (2d February 
1598;) from Sir Thomas Hamilton of 
Binning, who had in the interim ac- 
quired the superiority of the Monkland, 
Airdrie Writs, a charter of confirmation and novo- 
Protoc'V 'i64. damus of his various properties within 
Mag. Sig. Lib. that lordship, as nephew of the late John, 
and lawful son of the late Gavin Ha- 
milton of Airdrie, (7th January 1603;) 
from William Baillie of Carnbroe and 
Alexander Udnie, merchant burgess of 
Aberdeen, dispositions of the lands of 
Arnbuckle, &c. (3d July 1623;) and, 
finally, a royal charter of the lands of 
Airdrie, Ryyards, Arnbuckle, &c. which 
continued ever after to be held imme- 
diately of the crown, (20th February 

Descended from the same common 
ancestor, John appears as juryman and 
Otig. Bi t. ii. witness on the inquest of George Ha- 
milton of Preston, when retourcd heir to 
his great-great-grandfather, Sir Robert 
I. (2d May 1600:) as second proxi- 
mate agnate within the commissariate of 
Hamilton andCampsie, he is summoned, 
in an edict of curatory, along with Sir 
Glas. Com. B^c. John Hamilton of Preston, as " neirest 
of kin on ye fayer syd to James Hamil- 
toun, sone lawful to umquhile Mr Patrick 
Hamilloun, br oyer to umquhile George Ha- 
miltoun of Prestoun," (1st Dec. 1608:) 
Sir James Bal- and, representing the family of Preston, 

four's Funeral r> i • 1 • o- t i 

Ceremonials, in the absence of his kinsman Sir John, 
MS. Adv.Lib. k e Dears t, ne (i great gumpheon," as pre- 

mier cadet of the name, in the funeral 
ceremony of James, Marquis of Hamil- 
ton, (2d September 1625.) 

By his spouse, Janet, daughter of Airdrie Ti 
Robert Hamilton of Torrence, who sur- | V m. 230. B. 
vived him, he had two sous and three p° otoco ] $ ai. 

daughters : 


Mag. Sig. Lib 
lviii, 230. 

1. John, who married Margaret, only Conf. Test, 
daughter of John Hamilton of Udston, Baronage, 
but died without issue, before his father, _ ' an u "gg2 
in March 1641. 

2. Gavin, his successor. 

1. Christian, married to James Baillie, Sher.Rec.MM,- 

' 1645. 

younger of Polkemmet. 

2. Jane, to John Fleming of Cardor- Crawf. Laurus 

, Crawfordiana. 

™ch. Adv . Lib. 

3. Janet, to William Lindsay of Cal- Conf. Test. 

* , 1656. Glar. 

dersyde. Com . Re c. 

John died in 1648 in his 79th year. 

[V.) Gavin, during his father's life 
time, received the fee of the estate, (11th 
April 1643;) after whose death he ob- 
tained a royal charter of confirmation, 
containing novodamus of the lands of Airdrie Title. 
Airdrie, &c. as lawful son of the late John uai 230. 
Hamilton of Airdrie, (9th July 1C49.) 

His estate, already burthened by heavy 
jointures to his mother and sister-in-law, 
was, like the fortunes of most other Durie's Dec 

. . 1. c. Mag. Sik- 

gentlemen of his name, deeply involved Reg. Pap. Lib. 
by his exertions in the double cause of Baillie's Lc" 
the Covenant and King. In 1649 he * er !> "• pp- 376 - 
was appointed parliamentary commis- Pari. Rec. *i. 
sioner of war for the co. of Lanark ; and P ' 
he accompanied William, Duke of Ha- 
milton, and his kinsman, Sir Thomas Fam - Hist and 

it i*t-> • Letters. 

Hamilton of Preston, in the unfortunate 
expedition into England, under Charles 
II., in 1651. 


Airdrie Writs. 
Crawf. MS. 


Fam. Hist, and 

Wood's Cra- 

Bower's Univ. 
of Edin. &c. 

Fam. Regist. 

Abr. Ret. Lan 
379. P. Reg. 
Sas. Lan. 
Airdrie Writs. 
Rec. Pari. x. 
p. 499. 

Fam. Letters 
and Writs. 

Gavin married Jane, daughter of 
Robert Montgomery of Hazlehead, by 
Jane, daughter of Sir James 7 Hamilton 
of Preston. She survived him for many 
years ; and the male line of her family 
having become extinct, about the con- 
clusion of the century, that ancient 
branch of the house of Eglinton is now 
exclusively represented by her descend- 
ants as heirs of line.* By her he had 
two sons : 

1. Robert, his successor. 

2. William, who, after acquiring, in the 
chair of Divinity, the highest reputation 
among his cotemporaries for theological 
erudition, died Principal of the Univer- 
sity of Edinburgh, 12th November 1732. 
From him, among other eminent authors, 
are descended the late Dr Samuel Hors- 
ley, Bishop of St Asaph, Dr Robert Ha- 
milton, the present Professor of Mathe- 
matics in Marischal College, Aberdeen, 
and Dr James Hamilton, Senior, physi- 
cian in Edinburgh. 

Gavin died 29th December 1687. 

(VI.) Robert was born in the year 
1650. He made up titles as heir to his 
father, in 1688; and, in 1695, he ob- 
tained an act of Parliament in his fa- 
vour, " for the holding of a weekly 
market and four yearly fairs in his town 
of Airdrie." 

Connected with his kinsman, Robert 
Hamilton, by the ties of early friend- 
ship and of a common education, and 
viewing, with similar hostility, the re- 

ligious persecution of the government, pheston. 
he was implicated in the western re- 
bellion of 1679; and, after the defeat of 
the insurgents at Bothwell Bridge, was, 
along with several of his domestics, ar- 
rested and carried prisoner into Edin- 
burgh. By the interest of his friends 
he was, however, liberated, after a p r . counc. and 

l19 .» . . . Justic. Regs. 

months confinement, upon giving se- Wo(lrow jg ss 
curity, " not to rise in arms against his voL **> 8vn - 
Majesty or his authority." 

On the decease of his cousin, Sir 
Robert Hamilton, in 1701,hesucceeded, 
as already stated, to the representation 
of the house of Preston and Fingalton, 
but did not assert his right to the ho- 
nours of the family; — influenced partly 
by religious austerity, partly by the cir- 
cumstance, that while his own estate was 
heavily encumbered in consequence of 
the sacrifices made by his father and him- 
self, in support of the political and reli- 
gious interests they had espoused, his 
claim to the inheritance of the Preston 
estates had been cut off by the new set- 
tlements made by Sir William on his 
daughters in preference to the remoter 

On the 24th February 1680 he mar- Fam. Reg. 
ried Elizabeth, daughter of William L ^'' j 6 g^ f*'' 
Cochrane of Rochsoles, who survived 66 - 
him. He died 18th January 1705, leav- 
ing a son and daughter : 

William, his successor. 

Eouisa, married to James Balfour of Fam. Reg. and 

-r... . Letters. 


* Captain Alexander Montgomery, the celebrated author of ' 
a younger son of this family — (Fam. Hist.) 


the Cherrie and the Slae," &c. was 



freston. XIV. William II. was born 6th 

™ March 1681 ; married Margaret, daugh- 
ter and heiress of John Bogle of Sandy- 
hills and Kilbowie, 4th June 1713; and 
Fam. Reg. died 25th May 1749. 

Mar. Contr. J 

He was retoured heir of his father, 
Robert, in the lands of Airdrie, &c. 
1716; of which he received 

Reg. Ret. Lib. 

xlv. p. 470. 

Airdrie Writs, sasine, 8th October, on a precept under 
the great seal, dated 24th August, in 
the same year. 

He left four sons : 

1. Robert, his successor. 

2. John, -I whose male issue failed 

3. James, J in the first generation. 

in thi 
4. Thomas, of whom again. 

Fam. Reg. XV. Robert VII. born 11th July 

1714; married Mary, daughter of John 
Baird of Craigton, 27th April 1747; 
and died 9th August 1756. 
AirJiie Writs. He received, during his father's life, 
c. 24. ' a disposition of the lands of Airdrie ; 

and, on his death, obtained, from the 
crown, a charter of confirmation, 22d 
June 1749. 

Some unfortunate speculations, in 
which he had embarked, obliged him to 
alienate a great part of what still re- 
mained of the family estate ; but the 
last fragment of this inheritance was 
sold after his death, during the minority 
of his eldest son. 

He left three sons and two daughters : 

who successively re- 
presented the family. 

1. Griselda, married to John Arnot, 

2. Mary, to Thomas Cochrane, M.D. 

XVI. William III. born 6th June Fam. Re & 
1748 ; died unmarried 5th March 

XVI. John VII., born April 1751 ; ibid. 
died unmarried, in the West Indies, 

XVI. Robert VIII., born 9th July Ibid . 
1754 ; died unmarried at St Helena in 
1799, on his return from China. 

XVII. Sir William IV. On the 
decease of Robert VIII., the representa- 
tion of the family devolved on William, 
grandson of Thomas, youngest son of 
William II. Thomas, Professor of Ana- 
tomy in the University of Glasgow, 

born 1st October 1728, died 2d August n, i( |. 
1781, leaving, by his wife, Isabella, 
daughter of Dr William Anderson, a 
son, William. William, his father's 
successor, was born in 1760, and died ibid. 
1793; leaving, by his spouse, Elizabeth, 
second daughter of William Stirling, 
heir-male of the ancient family of Cal- 
der, two sons, William and Thomas; of 
whom the latter, an officer in the army, 
was, in November 1821, married to 
Annette, only daughter of Archibald 
Montgomery Campbell, Esq. 

On the 24th July 1816, in order form- 
ally to establish his right to the repre- 
sentation and honours of the family of 
Preston, William was, by a most re- 
spectable jury, before the sheriff of Edin- 
burgh, retoured heir-male in general to 
Sir Robert Hamilton, fifth of that name, 
and is thus of the house of Preston and 
Fingalton the twenty-fourth, of the family 


of Airdrie the twelfth male represent- 

He is a member of the Faculty of Ad- 
vocates, a member of Balliol College, 
Oxford, Professor of Universal History 
in the University of Edinburgh, &c. 

Arms. — Gules, three cinquefoils, ar- 

Crest. — An armed man, from the preston. 
middle, brandishing a sword aloft, pro- 

Supporters. — Two men in armour 
severally bearing, dexter and sinister, 
tbe banner of the family, proper. 

Motto. — Pro Patria.. 



I. Thomas de Hamilton of Darn- 
gaber * was the third son of Sir John 
de Hamilton, Dominus de Cadyow. 
FcederaAnglia', He is mentioned in the Fcedera An- 
voi. is. p. 5. g^ ag jj av j n g b een a prisoner of war in 

the hands of the English ; and an order 
was issued by Henry the Fifth, soon 
after his accession to the throne, to re- 
lease him out of the Tower of London, 
dated 12th April 1413. 
Craw. Gen. He married, first, Helen, daughter of 

Cambroes MS. Sir Henry Douglas of Lochleven, an- 
cestor of the Earl of Morton, by whom 
he had issue : 

1. James, ancestor of this family. 

2. Thomas, ancestor of the house of 

penes me. 

1. Daughter 

2. " The ladie Hallrig." 

the guidwife of Cun- 

Craw. Gen, 
Coll. Baillieof 

He married, secondly, a daughter of penes me. 
the Laird of Grant, by whom he had 
issue : 

1. John Hamilton of Cairnduffe. 

2. Allan Hamilton of Fairholm. 

II. James Hamilton of Raploch, Crawf Gen 
who got a charter of the lands of Rap- Co11 - MS - Adv 
loch from James, Lord Hamilton, in 
1440, wherein he is styled " dilectus con- 

He was succeeded 

by his son, 

III. William Hamilton of Raploch, Gen. Hist. ms. 

penes Hamilton 

of Barnes 

* " The house or building between the waters." Darngaber is situated in the parish of Ha- 
milton. On a small height, at the extremity of a tongue of land, where two rivulets form a junction, 
are situated the ruins of a very ancient fortlet, dilapidated, time out of mind, and now almost wholly 
overgrown with brushwood. A little lower down the stream are the remains of Plotcock Castle, 
situated on a small conical mount, abruptly rising on one side from the bed of the rivulet. 



raploch. who married Margaret, daughter of Sir 
~ William Baillie of Lamington, by whom 
he had issue : 

]. James, his heir. 
1. Elizabeth, married to William 
Mure of Glanderstoun, and had issue. 

Original Char- IV. JaMES HAMILTON of Raploch, who 

clk^Hamiiton. nac ^ a charter from George, Lord St 
John, Preceptor of Torfichen, of the 
Temple lands, called the Wairds, near 
Hamilton, dated 10th February 1517. 
MS. penes Ha- He married Isobel, daughter of Weir 
Barnes. of Blackwood, (they had a conjunct in- 

feftment of the lands of Raploch, dated 
25th June 1508,) by whom he had issue: 

1. James Hamilton of Stanehouse. 

2. Thomas Hamilton of Raploch. 

3. Archibald, who succeeded Thomas. 

4. Gawin, Commendator of Kilwin- 
ning, who succeeded Archibald. 

5. John, the first of Neilsland. 
James, the eldest son, having married 

Margaret, daughter and sole heiress of 
Alexander Mouat of Stanehouse, resign- 
ed the fee of the lands of Raploch, with 
consent of his father, into the hands of 
the superior, James, Earl of Arran, in 
favour of his brothers, Thomas, Archi- 
bald, and Gawin, and the heirs-male of 
their bodies respectively ; upon which a 
charter was granted to them, of date 
27th November 1521. On the death of 
James Hamilton of Raploch, he was, 
according to this settlement, succeeded 
in the estate by his second son, 

V. Thomas Hamilton of Raploch, Mag. sig. Lib. 
who had a charter, in 1540, of the lands xxv- '" . 
of St Leonards' and Spittleshiells, in the 
co. of Lanark. 

He married Agnes, daughter of Robert Wood's Peer- 
Douglas of Lochleven, by whom he had ° ' 
no issue. He was succeeded by his 

V. Archibald Hamilton of Rap- charta penes 
loch, who was witness to a charter of q 1 ^™^' 
excambion between Laurence Crawford 
of Kilbirne and Sir James Hamilton of 
Fynnart, of the lands of Crawfordjohn, 
for the lands of Drumrye. 

He married, first, Marion, daughter 
of Ogilvy of that Ilk, widow of Weir of 
Blackwood, and of Dunbar of Blantyre, 
by whom he had no issue. He married, 
secondly, Margaret, daughter of John 
Hamilton of Newton, by whom he had 
two daughters: 1. Margaret, married Mem. Som. ii. 
to Sir James Somerville of Cainbus- 
nethan. 2. Elizabeth, married to Robert 
Baillie of Park. 

On the death of Archibald Hamilton* 
of Raploch, by virtue of the settlement 
of the estate to heirs-male, the succes- 
sion devolved on his brother, 

V. Gawin Hamilton, Commendator 
of Kilwinning, who had a precept of 
dare constat, from James, Duke of 
Chatelherault, for infefting him in the 
lands of Raploch, of date 3d March 

* He had two natural sons, Archibald, and Hans Hamilton, vicar of Dunlop, as appears by their 
having a legitimation under the great seal in 1 653. 


age, i. 

Having been bred to the church, he 
was made Dean of the metropolitan 
church of Glasgow, in 1550, which office 
he soon after exchanged with Henry 
Sinclair, Commendator of Kilwinning, 
for the commendam of that Abbacy. 

He was a man of much spirit and 
ability, had great talents for business, 
and was well versed in all the learning 
of the times. He was in high favour 
with Queen Mary, to whose interest he 
ever continued attached. He was at 
the battle of Langsyde, in 1568, was one 
of Mary's commissioners at York, in 
1570, and included in the treaty of 
Perth, 1 572. He was the intimate friend, 
and, along with the Archbishop of St 
Andrew's, the confidential adviser of 
the Duke of Chatelherault. He obtained 
a breviate from the Pope, with consent 
of his Sovereign, appointing him co- 
adjutor and successor to Archbishop 
Hamilton in the archiepiscopal see of 
St Andrew's. 

On the establishment of the reformed 
religion in Scotland, he followed the 
example of many churchmen at that 
period, and took to wife Margaret, 
daughter of John Hamilton of Broom- 
hill, by whom he had issue : 

1. Gawin, his heir. 

s Peer- \, Jean, married to Robert Dalziel of 

that Ilk, ancestors of the Earls of Carn- 


Gawin, Commendator of Kilwinning, 
was slain in a skirmish betwixt the 
Queen's troops and the forces of the 
Regent Lennox, 28th June 1571, greatly 
lamented by both parties. 

His spouse, Margaret Hamilton, had 

a charter, to herself and her son, Gawin raploch 

Hamilton of Raploch, of certain tene-^j Si "■'" b ' 
ments near the cross of Irvinewood, now xxxiv. No. 513. 
called the Innerwood, of date 18th 
January 1576. 

VI. Gawin Hamilton of Raploch, ib.d.Lib.xxxu. 
who had a charter, under the great seal, °' 
of the lands of Barnis in the Lennox, 
and of Granis in Ayrshire, dated 26th 
October 1574. He was included in the 
treaty of Perth 1572, and had a reha- Ibid. m.. 
bilitation, under the great seal, of date"* 
11th January 1582. 

He married Jean, one of the daugh- Craw. Gen. 
ters and co-heirs of Paul Dishington of £°"' MS ' Allv 
Ardrois, by whom he had issue : 

1. Gawin, his heir. 

2. Claud, ancestor of the family of 

3. Robert, of Pottie. 

4. Gilbert, mentioned as one of the Sher. Ree. 
jury on an inquest of retour at Hamilton 

in January 1604. 

]. Joanna, who married, first, Robert, Wood's Peer- 
fourth Lord Ross of Halkhead, and hadjf^' "' " 
issue. She married, secondly, Robert, 
Lord Melville of Monymaill, ancestor 
of the Earls of Leven and Melville. She 
acquired, in 1629, from Maxwell of 
Stainly, the lands of Stainlyin Renfrew- 

2. Margaret, married to Hugh Somer- Memorie of the 
ville of Drum, second son of Hugh, |£ mervillc ' • iL 
Lord Somerville, and ancestor of the 

present Lord Somerville, and had issue. 

3. Catherine, married to John Chan-,.,- , „ 

' JNisb. Her. ;;. 

cellor of Shieldhill, and had issue. A Pp- S! >. 

VII. Gawin Hamilton of Raploch. 




raploch. He was witness to a charter to James 

"Hamilton of Neilsland from Lord Tor- 

ficlien, in 1603. 

Com.Reg.Glas. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 

Robert Mure of Caldwell, by whom he 

had issue : 

1. Gawin, who succeeded his grand- 

1. Daughter married to Hamilton of 

2. Barbara, married to Robert Ha- 
milton of Cathkin. 

He died before his father. 

VIII. Gawin Hamilton of Raploch, 
who had a precept of sasine of the lands 
of Raploch in June 1621. 

In 1630, and again in 1633, he was 
Member for the co. of Lanark to the 
states of Parliament. 

He married Margaret, only daughter 
of Andrew Hamilton of Lethame. She 
resigned her lands of Patrickholme in 
favour of her husband, of date 3d Sep- 
tember 1623. By this lady he had 
issue : 

1. Gawin, his heir. 

2. Archibald Hamilton of Annodie : 
he died unmarried in October 1648 : 
his brother-in-law, Mr John Kilpatrick, 
was executor to his testament. 

1. Margaret, who married Mr Gawin 
Hamilton, Dean of Raphoe in Ireland, 
and had issue. 

2. Marion, married to Mr John Kil- 

3. Jean, married to James Corbett of 
Towcross, and had issue. 

4. Mary, married to Kennedy of Dal- 


5. Elizabeth, married to Weir of 


IX. Gawin Hamilton of Raploch, Mag. Sig. Lib. 
who had a charter, under the great seal, 

" Gavino Hamilton de Raploch, baronia 
de Raploch," dated 19th July 1653. He 
was many years sheriff-depute of Lan- 

He married, in 1635, Janet, daughter Nisb. Her. ii. 
of Sir William Baillie of Lamington, pp ' 
by whom he had issue : 

1. William, his heir. Barne's MS. 

2. Gawin Hamilton of Hill. 

3. Samuel, a Captain in the Army. 

4. George, a Captain in the Army. 

5. Francis. 

6. Archibald, a Captain in the Army. 

1. Margaret, married to Robert Ha- 
milton of Monkland. 

2. Grizel, married, first, to Inglis of 
Murdiestoun ; secondly, to Sir Thomas 
Kilpatrick of Closeburn. 

3. Anne, married to Clelandof Know- 

4. Lilias, married to Patrick Hamil- 
ton of Neilsland. 

5. Elizabeth, married, first, to James 
Lyle of Bellhall, advocate ; secondly, to 
Nairne of Saintfried. 

X. William Hamilton of Raploch, Scots Acts of 


who, in 1 685, was nominated one of the 
commissioners of supply for the co. of 

He married, in 1665, Jean, daughter Barnes MS. 
of Sir John Kennedy of Coilzean, Bart. 
by whom he had issue : 

1. Gawin, his heir. 

2. Archibald, Captain in the Army. 


3. John, Captain in the Army, who 
was killed at the siege of Namur. 

1. Anne, married to John Robertoun 
of Earnock, and had issue. 

XI. Gawin Hamilton of Raploch, 
a Major in the Army. He married, in 
1697, Lady Margaret Keith, daughter 
of John, Earl of Kintore, by whom he 
had issue only one daughter, 

1. Jean, who married Francis, fourth 
son of Thomas Aikman of Brambleton 

and Ross, of whom was descended the 
family of Aikman of the Ross, near Ha- ' 
milton, now extinct. 

Arms. — Gules, a man's heart, Or, 
between three cinquefoils, ermine, as a 
part of the maternal bearings of James 
Hamilton, who first got a grant of the 
lands of Raploch in 1440. 

Crest. — A man's heart, argent, char- 
ged with a cinquefoil, ermine. 

Motto. — Fidelis in Adversis." 




I. Sir Andrew Hamilton of Red- 
house was the second son of Sir Thomas 
Hamilton of Priestfield, and brother to 
the first Earl of Haddington. He was 
admitted a Lord of Session on his father's 
resignation in 1608. 

He married Jean, daughter and sole 
heiress of John Laing* of Redhouse, one 
of the Lords of Session in the reign of 
King James the Sixth, by whom he had 
issue : 

1. Sir John, his heir. 

2. Andrew, who was served heir to 
his brother Patrick, 3d March 1637. 

3. Patrick. KEDHOUSE 

Sir Andrew, and Jean Laing, his ,, ,.. T7 

»' Mag. big. Lib. 

wife, had a charter, under the great seal, * lvii - No. 67. 
of the lands of Easter Spittle, dated 19th 
November 1612. 

II. SirJohnHamilton of Redhouse, Inq. Ret. Had 
who was served heir to Sir Andrew, his L '" l28 
father, in the equal half of the lands and 
barony of Strabrock, &c. all united into 
the barony of Strabrock-Oliphant ; the 
barony of Redhouse, &c, dated 29th 
October 1635. 

He served with distinction along with 

* The Laings of Redhouse were a considerable family at one period. One of them was Trea- 
surer of Scotland in ljj.65, Bishop of Glasgow in 1173, and Lord High Chancellor in U83. 



redhouse. the Scottish troops in Sweden, and, 
"~ shortly after his return to Scotland, per- 
ished at Dunglass, when it was blown 
up in 1640. 

He married Helen Richardson, daugh- 
ter of Sir Robert Richardson of Pen- 
caitland, by whom he had issue. 

In<]. Ret. 
Had. 261. 

III. Thomas Hamilton of Redhouse, 
who was served heir to Sir John, his 
father, in the lands of Spittal, of date 
21st August 1662. 

The last of the family was Colonel 
George Hamilton of Redhouse, who was 
in possession of the estate in 1745; 
when unfortunately engaging in the re- 
bellion, on the side of the Pretender, he 
was made prisoner, tried, and executed, 
and his property was confiscated to the 

The estate was afterwards purchased 
by Patrick, Lord Elibank. 

i*oorT)nU t 


rosehall. I. Sir Archibald Hamilton, the 

Do^~ ~ fourth son of James Hamilton of Barn- 

Baronage. c l u itb, was the first of this family. He 

was an eminent merchant in Edinburgh, 

of which city he was for many years 

Dean of Guild. 

By his first wife, Elizabeth Jardine, 
he acquired a fortune of more than 
100,000/. Scots, with part of which he 
purchased the lands of Kirkwood in 
Lanarkshire, which belonged to Sir 
Alexander Hamilton of Haggs. vThe 
Mag. Sig. Lib lands of Haggs he likewise acquired by 
l«*ii. No. l39- purchase5 an d had a charter, under the 
great seal, of the same, dated 10th July 

ibid. Lib.ixsx. jj e was created a Baronet, by patent 

No. 15. 

under the great seal, of date 10th April 

He was four times chosen Member of 
Parliament for the co. of Lanark. 

He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter 
of George Jardine, merchant in Edin- 
burgh, descended of the family of Apple- 
girth, by whom he had issue : 

1. Margaret, married to James Ha- 
milton of Dalziel, and had issue : 

2. Elizabeth, married to Robert Ha- 
milton of Bourtreehill, to whom she had 
issue several daughters, the eldest of Wood s p L or 
whom, Jean, married the Earl of Craw- 
ford and Lindsay, and had issue. 

Sir Archibald married, secondly, 
I Anne, daughter of Sir Patrick Mur- 


Wood's Peer- 
age, i. 207. 

I hid. i. 215. 

ray of Deuchar, by whom he had 
issue : 

1. Sir James, his heir. 

2. Alexander, who died without issue. 
S. Robert, who died without issue. 

4. Archibald, who died without issue. 

5. Sir Hugh, who succeeded his 

I. Euphame, married to Charles Ha- 
milton of Wetherby, and had issue. 

Sir Archibald died in 1709, and was 
succeeded by his son, 

II. Sir James Hamilton of Rose- 
hall, who was many years Member of 
Parliament for the co. of Lanark. 

He married the Hon. Frances Stew- 
art, second daughter of Alexander, fifth 
Lord Blantyre, by whom he had no 
issue; and, dying in July 1750, was 
succeeded by his brother, 


II. Sir Hugh Hamilton of Rose- 
hall, who was retoured heir to his bro- 
ther, Sir James, 27th November 1750. 

He had a charter of resignation, under Mag. sig. Lib. 
the great seal, of the lands and barony 
of Rosehall, dated 29th November, 

He died leaving issue, an only daugh- 
ter, Marion, who also died in July 
1757, whereupon 

Archibald Hamilton of Dalziel suc- 
ceeded, as heir of entail, to his grand- 
father, Sir Archibald, upon failure of 
the issue of his sons, Sir James and Sir 
Hugh Hamilton. The said Archibald 
Hamilton of Dalziel was served heir of 
tailzie and provision, 5th October 1757. 

Arms. — 

Crest. — An oak tree, proper. 

Motto. — " Requiesco sub umbra." 

ROSS, or ROSSAVEN, vide Preston. 

<&avl of M tt&Un 

Wood's Peer. I- LoRD JOHN HAMILTON, fourth son 

age, i, 157. f wMhmi and Anne, Duke and Duchess 

Mag. Sig. Lib. 

ixxiv. No. 97. f Hamilton, was baptized, at Hamilton, 
26th January 1665 : he was created a 
Peer of Scotland, by the titles of Earl 

A a a 

of Ruglen, Viscount of Riccartoun, and 
Lord Hillhouse, by patent, dated 15th; 
April 1697, to him and the heirs-male 
of his body ; which failing, to the heirs 
whatsoever of his body ; and he took the 




I.ARL or 

oaths and his seat 19th July 1698. He 
=held the office of Master of the Mint, 
which he lost for opposing the proceed- 
ings of ministers at that period. 

He had the barony of Riccartoun, in 
the co. of Linlithgow, settled on him by 
his father and mother, and made several 
purchases in Mid and West Lothian. 

On the death of his brother, Charles, 
Earl of Selkirk, in 1739, that title and 
the barony of Crawfordjohn in Lanark- 
shire, devolved on him, but the barony 
of Riccartoun then went, in terms of the 
entail, to Lord Archibald Hamilton, his 
youngest brother. The Earl of Ruglen 
was thenceforth styled Earl of Selkirk 
and Ruglen ; and dying, at Edinburgh, 
3d December 1744, in the 80th year of 
his age, was buried at Cramond. He 
was succeeded in his title of Selkirk and 
barony of Crawfordjohn by his grand- 
nephew, Dunbar Hamilton of Baldoon ; 
and in his title of Ruglen, and his 
other extensive property, by his eldest 

His Lordship married, first, contract 
dated 21st June 1694, his cousin-ger- 
man, Lady Anne Kennedy, only daugh- 
ter of John, seventh Earl of Cassilis ; 
by whom he had issue : 

1. William, at first designed Lord 
Riccartoun, and, after bis father became 
Earl of Selkirk, Lord Daer ; born 1696, 
entered the army, and died unmarried, 
at Edinburgh, 20th February 1742, in 
the 46th year of his age, of a fever, oc- 
casioned by overheating himself dancing 
with Miss Blair, heiress of Kinfauns, 
afterwards Ladv Gray. 

2. Anne, Countess of Ruglen. 

3. Lady Susan, born 1st November 
1699; married 26th October 1738, to 
her cousin, John, 8th Earl of Cassilis ; 
and dying, without issue, at Barnton, 
8th February 1763, in her 64th year, 
was buried in the Abbey-church of 
Holyroodhouse, being succeeded in her 
large personal property by her nephew, 
the Earl of March. 

The Earl of Selkirk and Ruglen mar- 
ried, secondly, at Edinburgh, 22d March 
1701, Elizabeth Hutchinson, relict of 
John, Lord Kennedy, mother of John, 
eighth Earl of Cassilis : by whom he bad 
no issue. 

II. Anne, Countess of Ruglen, the viood, ii. 
eldest daughter, born 5th April 1698: 
married, first, William, second Earl of 
March, and by him, who died at Barn- 
ton, 7th March 1731, setat. 35, had an 

only child, William, Duke of Queens- 
berry, Earl of March and Ruglen ; se- 
condly, in January 1747, Anthony Saw- 
yer, Esq., Paymaster of the Forces in 
Scotland, without issue. On the death 
of her father, in 1744, she succeeded as 
Countess of Ruglen, and died at York, 
on her way to London, 21st April 1748, 
in her 5 1st year, when the title of Ruglen 
devolved on her son, 

III. William, Earl of March and 
Ruglen, afterwards fourth Duke of 
Queensberry ; on whose death, in De- 
cember 1810, the Earldom of Ruglen 
became extinct. 



I. Sir John Hamilton of Clydes- 
dale, natural son* of the first Earl of 
Arran, was the founder of this family. I 

He is mentioned in writs under the samuelstov. 

privy seal, in 1537, 1566, &c. Vol x p m 

He married Janet, eldest daughter Douglas' Peer 

age, 345. 

Charla uenes " Charter by James, Abbot of Kelso, to an illustrious Prince, James, Duke of Chatelherault, 

Ducem do Ha- Lord Regent, and to his four sons, James, John, David and Claud ; and in failure of their issue 
male, to the Duke's brother natural, John of Clidsdale ; nixt to his other brother James of Kin- 
niel ; and lastly, to his heirs-male whatsoever, of several lands, &c., dated 5th November 1550. 

Acts and De- Indenture, dated 27th October 1549, between James, Earl of Arran, (the Regent,) " as exe- 

creets of Coun- cutor t0 um q U hile Gawyne Hamilton his broyer," &c. 

.al and Session, m . d , itted on ^ i, ands t ^ lat j orin { Clydesdale was alive in 1549 : hence, if lawful, the 

Jar. XXVI. fol. •* m ' ' 

37 Regent would not have been the only executor to Gawin, his lawful brother, as he is proved by the 

above authority to have been. By our law, the joint executorship would, in that event, have been 

vested in John, and the circumstance of his not succeeding to it is clearly presumptive of his 

bastardy, and this independently of his being called natural brother of the Regent. 

oft's It is true that Hume of Godscroft terms him, " John Hamilton of Samilston, called John of 

Hist, of the Cliddisdale, brother-German to Duke Hamilton who was Governour;" but this is not decisive of 

- Se \\ r, ' n ' s legitimacy, even supposing Godscroft to have been well founded in his assertion ; as the phrase, 

by ancient custom, was occasionally applied to bastards. Thus, Hercules Stewart, undoubted 

bastard brother of Francis, Earl of Bothwell, is styled, " brother-german" to the latter, in the 

Privy Council Record, between the years 1591 and 1594. In the Great Seal Record, there is a 

Reg. Mag. Sig. legitimation " Joanni et Alexandra Scott, fratribu.i germanis, bastardis filiis naturalibus Pre- 

Lib. ,xxx. bendarii Capelle regie Strivilingensis," dated 20th November 1 549 : and Mr Hume, in his Treatise 

Hume on trim. r ° , • .1 .... 

Law vol. iii. upon the Criminal Law, notices a case of this kind as late as 1621, in which a pursuer maintains 

197. " that Ae is cousin- german" to a woman of the name of Janet, " his fader's sister's doehter ;'' yet it 

appears, by the same authority, that she was a bastard. 

Notwithstanding his illegitimacy, John of Clydesdale was the founder of a family rather distin- 
Vid« Godscroft guished; for his daughter, Margaret, married David, seventh Earl of Angus, by whom she had 
P- 277 - Archibald Earl of Angus, Margaret Countess of Bothwell and Lady Buccleugh, and Elizabeth, 

Lady Maxwell. Countess Margaret of Angus married, for her second husband, Sir Patrick Whytc- 
law of Whytelaw and Fcnton, the head of an ancient family in Mid Lothian, and who, as we know 
by the Privy Council Record, was the chief instrument of Bothwell in the murder of Darnley. 
By her Sir Patrick had three daughters, his co-heiresses, whose fate was singular — Margaret, the 
eldest, married Sir Alexander Hamilton of Innerwick, who squandered away the greater part of his 
opulent estate, but, having committed adultery with Sir John Ker of Hirsel, she was divorced from 
Sir Alexander, by sentence of the Commissary Court, dated 2d December 1589. Isobel, another 
daughter, was likewise divorced from her husband, Ker of Fenton, in 1596. Mary, the remaining 
one, was married to Hercules Stewart, natural brother of Francis, Earl of Bothwell, already men- 
tioned : she appears to have been just as respectable as her sisters, for, during the existence of the 
marriage, she was charged, by the presbytery of Haddington, with the crime of adultery with Wil- 
liam Hume, the King's stabler. But she obviated the evil by instantly obtaining a divorce against 
Hercules, in 1592, on the ground of his adultery, and thereupon married William. The pro- 
cesses of these high-blooded sisters, the constant theme of the abuse of the clergy in a puritanical 
age, are still preserved among the Commissary Records of Edinburgh. 



Mag. Sig. Lib. these lands 

Mir. No. 175, 

Wishaw, MS. 

elston. and heiress of Alexander, third Lord 
"~ Home, and got with her the lands of 
Samuelston, which she possessed in 
right of her grandmother, Dame Nicho- 
las Ker, Lady Home, sole heiress of 
They had a charter of the 
lands and barony of Samuelston, dated 
24th August 1531. By her he had 
issue : 

1. James, his successor. 

2. John, " brother to the Laird of 
Samuelston," who was at the battle of 
Langsyde, and forfeited. He is men- 
tioned in the list of the Hamiltons, circa 
1570, and Gavin his son. 

3. Alexander, who was excommuni- 
cated, for the murder of his brother, 
" the Laird of Samuelston." 

I. Daughter, Margaret, married to 
David, seventh Earl of Angus, to whom 
she had issue. She married, secondly, 
Sir Patrick Whytelaw of that Ilk. 

II. Jamks Hamilton of Samuelston, 
Mag. Sig. Lib. w ho had a charter, under the great seal, 

" to James Hamilton of Samuelston and 
Janet Seytoun his spouse, of the lands 
of Barfurd and Cotwallis, in the counties 
of Edinburgh and Haddington," dated 
2d February 1577. He is mentioned in 
the Haddington sheriff-court books, in 
1586, and was slain, by his brother 
Alexander, before 1589, at which period 
he is termed, " umquhile," in the same 

Hadd. Presb. 
Records, 1597. 

Wood's Peer- 
age, i. 438. 

;. Si«. Lib. 
No. 311. 

records. He was succeeded by his son, 

III. Patrick Hamilton of Samuel- Hadd. Piesu. 
ston, who was excommunicated for the 
slaughter of James Ayton, burgess of 
Haddington, for which " he confesses 

and does penance," in 1589. 

He had a remission, " Patricio Ha- Ma 
milton de Samuelston, Johanni Hamilton 
et Willielmo Cairns, ejus strvitoribus, pro 
interfectione guond. Jacobi Ayton, bur- 
gensis de Haddinton," dated 18th March 
1597. He is mentioned in the Had- 
dington sheriff-court records in 1603, 
and in the Preston parish records in 
1606. He was married to Margaret 
Carkettil, by whom he had issue, 

IV. William Hamilton of Samuel- ibid. Lib. xlviU 

iiii i No. 191. 

ston, who had a charter, under the great 
seal, " Willielmo Hamilton de Samuel- 
slon et Jeannce Home, sponsm sum, ter- 
rarum de Whytelaw, in vie. de Edin- 
burgh," dated 20th December 1616. 

Thomas, first Earl of Haddington, 
acquired the lands of Samuelston in 
1637. Shortly after which, according 
to Ruddiman, in his Notes upon Bu- 
chanan's History, p. 126, this family of 
Samuelston became extinct. 

The Arms were, 

Crest. — A mascle, Or. 

Motto. — " I'll deceive no man." 


4£attf of §>elfti**ft< 

JSe, ii. 


I. Lord Charles Hamilton, the 
third son of William and Anne, Duke 
and Duchess of Hamilton, was baptized 
at Hamilton, 5th Feb. 1664 ; and, on 
his father's resignation, was created Earl 
of Selkirk, 6th October 16 88, with the 
precedency of the original creation, 4th 
August 1646. 

His Lordship was appointed Colonel 
of the first regiment of horse, 20th No- 
vember 1688, in room of his brother, the 
Earl of Arran, promoted, but was re- 
moved next month. He entered heartily 
into the Revolution. King William ap- 
pointed him one of the Lords of his 
Bed-chamber, and he attended his Ma- 
jesty in most of his campaigns. His 
father and mother, in 1693, settled the 
estates of Crawford-Douglas andCraw- 
fordjohn on him and the heirs-male of 
his body ; remainder to all their younger 
sons according to their seniority, and 
the heirs-male of their bodies; remainder 
to the other heirs-male of William, Duke 
of Hamilton, as contained in his letters 
patent. He was appointed Lord Clerk 
Register, 1696, and held that office till 
the death of King William. He opposed 
the Union strenuously ; was chosen one 
of the sixteen representatives of the 
Scottish peerage, at the general election 
1713, and rechosen in 1722, 1727, and 
1734. On the accession of King George 

I. his Lordship was appointed one of earl of 
the Lords of the Bed-chamber, and con- — 

tinued under George II., who, in 1733, 
conferred on him his old place of Lord 
Register. His Lordship was high sheriff 
of Lanarkshire, and dying, unmarried, 
at London, 13th March 1739, setat. 76, 
was succeeded by his brother, 

II. Lord John Hamilton, Earl of Wood'* Peer- 
Ruglen, who has been already treated age ' 
under that title. His Lordship was 
thenceforth styled Earl of Selkirk and 
Ruglen; and dying, without male issue, 
3d December 1744, in the 80th year of 
his age, was succeeded in the title of 
Selkirk and estates of Crawford-Dou- 
glas and Crawfordjohn by his grand- 
nephew, Dunbar Hamilton of Baldoon, 
descended from, 

II. Lord Basil Hamilton, sixth 
son of William and Anne, Duke and 
Duchess of Hamilton, who was baptized 
at Hamilton 16th December 1671. He 
was a young man of distinguished abili- 
ties, great spirit, and an amiable dis- 
position. Several of his letters to his 
father are printed in Dalrymple's Me- 
moirs of Scotland. A ship belonging to 
the Darien Company having been cap- 
tured by the Spaniards, and the pas- 
sengers and crew thrown into prison, 

I hid. 



earl of and threatened with death, Lord Basil 


: Hamilton was, in November, 1699, de- 
puted by the Company to implore the 
King's protection for these prisoners. 
His Majesty at first refused to see him 
because he had not appeared at court 
when last in London. But when that 
difficulty was removed by an explana- 
tion, his audience was fixed to be in the 
council-chamber, after a council was 
over. The King, having forgot the ap- 
pointment, was passing into another 
room, when Lord Basil placed himself 
in the passage, and said that he was 
immmissioned by a great body of his sub- 
jects to lay their misfortunes at his feet 
— that he had a right to be heard, and 
«ould be heard. The King returned, 
listened with patience, gave instant 
order to apply to Spain for redress, and 
then turning to those near him, said? 
•' this young man is too bold, if any man 
can be too bold in his country's cause." 
His Lordship's life was cut short in the 
30th year of his age, in autumn 1701, 
when he was drowned in the Minnock, 
a small river in Galloway, swelled by a 
sudden rain, in sight of his brother, the 
Earl of Selkirk, and several gentlemen, 
who could give no assistance. He fell 
a victim to his humanity. His servant 
having rode forward to try the ford, was 
dismounted in it. Lord Basil rushed in 
and caught the man, but his horse fall- 
ing at that moment, they were both 
carried down by the torrent. His un- 
timely death was deplored as a national 

His Lordship married Mary, grand- 
daughter and heiress of Sir David Dun- 

bar of Baldoon in the co. of Wigton, 
Baronet, by whom he had issue : 

1. William Hamilton, of Baldoon, who 
succeeded his father in 1701, and died 
in 1703. 

2. Basil, who succeeded his brother. 

1. Eleanor, married, in 1711, to John 
Murray of Philiphaugh, and had issue. 

2. Catherine, married to Thomas, 
sixth Earl of Dundonald, and was 
mother of the seventh Earl. 

III. Basil Hamilton of Baldoon, \\uud. n. 4«8 
the only surviving son, was served heir 
to his brother William, in November 
1703. He engaged in the rebellion, 1715; 
had the command of a troop of horse 
under the Viscount of Kenmnre, and 
behaved with great courage at Preston, 
where he was among the number of those 
who surrendered. When the prisoners 
were mai'ehed into London, his youth, 
interesting figure, and unconcerned de- 
meanour, attracted the attention and 
commiseration of the spectators. He 
was tried the 31st May 1716, fouud 
guilty, and sentenced to be executed, 
13th July, but was reprieved and par- 
doned, and, in 1732, an act of Parlia- 
ment was passed for restoring Basil 
Hamilton in blood. He was chosen 
Member of Parliament for the stewartry 
of Kirkcudbright at the general election 
17-11, and died in November 1746. 

On him Hamilton of Bangour wrote 
this epitaph :— 

This verse, O ! gentle Hamilton, be thine. 
Each softer grace below thy darling shrine. 
Nature to thee did her best gifts impart, 
The mildest manners and the warmest heart 


Honour erected in thy breast its throne, 
And kind humanity was all thy own. 
He married Isabella, daughter of tbe 
Hon. Colonel Alexander Mackenzie, 
M.P., second son of the fourth Earl of 
Seaforth, by whom he had issue : 

1. Dunbar, fourth Earl of Selkirk. 

2. Basil, died young. 

1. Mary, married to Ronald Mac- 
Donald of Clanranald, and had issue 
one son, who died young. 

2. Elizabeth, died young. 

IV. Dunbar Hamilton of Baldoon, 
born in December 1722, succeeded his 
father in 1742, and on the death of John, 
Earl of Selkirk and Rugleu, in 1744, 
succeeded, as heir male, to the earldom 
of Selkirk, on which occasion he resum- 
ed the paternal name of Douglas. 

He studied at the University of Glas- 
gow, and, on the breaking out of the 
rebellion, ill 1744, he strenuously and 
successfully exerted himself in support 
of the government. On his return from 
bis travels abroad he retired to enjoy the 
pleasures of a country life. He was 
chosen one of the sixteen Scottish Peers, 
on a vacancy in 1787, and again 1793. 
His Lordship closed a long life of public 
and private virtue, at Edinburgh, on the 
24th May 1799, in the 77th year of his 

His Lordship married, at Edinburgh, 
3d December 1758, Helen, fifth daugh- 
ter of the Hon. John Hamilton, second 
son of Thomas, sixth Earl of Hadding- 
ton, by whom he had issue : 

1. Sholto Basil, Lord Daer, died 

2. Basil William, Lord Daer, bom 
16th March 1763, who early displayed s 
great abilities and uncommon activity of 
mind. He died, unmarried, at Ivy- 
Bridge, in Devonshire, of a pulmonary 
complaint, 5th November 1794, in the 
32d year of his age, and was buried in 
the Cathedral of Exeter. 

3. Hon. John Douglas, who, apply- 
ing to the study of the law, was ad- 
mitted a member of the faculty of ad- 
vocates 1787; became Lord Daer, on his 
brother's'death, in 1794; and died, un- 
married, at Florence, 9th July 1797. 

4. Hon. Dunbar Douglas, who had 
the rank of Captain in the Royal Navy 

1795, and fell a victim to pestilential 
disease in the course of his professional 
duty off St Christopher's, in November 

1796, unmarried. 

5. Hon. Alexander Douglas, a Cap- 
tain in the 80th regiment of foot, who 
also fell a victim to pestilential disease, 
at Guadaloupe, 24th June 1794, un- 

6. Hon. David Douglas, died an in- 

7. Thomas, fifth Earl of Selkirk. 

1. Lady Isabella Margaret. 

2. Lady Helen, married, in 1786, to 
Sir James Hall of Dunglass, and had 

3. Lady Mary, died at St Mary's Isle 
in 1778. 

4. Lady Elizabeth, married, in 1806, 
to Sir James Montgomery of Stanehope, 
Bart., and has issue. 

5. Lady Catherine, married, in 1815, 
to John Halkett of the Albany, Esq. 

6. Lady Anne died an infant. 





V. Thomas, fifth Earl of Selkirk, 

F.R.S., the only surviving son, born in 
ood, i. +90. m } became Lord Daer 1797> and suc . 

needed his father 24th May 1799. 

His Lordship visited America in 1803, 
and, on his return, in 1805, published 
" Observations on the present State of 
the Highlands of Scotland, with a View 
of the causes and probable consequences 
of Emigration," in which is given a very 
interesting view of the settlement formed 
by him on Prince Edward's Island in 
the Gulf of St Lawrence. His Lord- 
ship was chosen one of the sixteen re- 
presentative Peers of Scotland at the 
general election 1806; re-chosen 1807; 
was appointed Lord-Lieutenant of the 
stewartry of Kirkcudbright 28th March 
1807 ; and admitted a fellow of the 
Royal Society, July 1808. 

His Lordship married, at Inveresk, 
24th November 1807, Jean, only daugh- 
ter of James Wedderburn Colville, Esq., 
brother of the late Sir John Wedder- 
burn of Ballindean, Bart., by whom he 
had issue : 

1. Dunbar-James, sixth Earl of Sel- 
kirk, born, at London, 22d April 1809. 
1. Daughter, born 8th January 1811. 
•2. Daughter, born, at Montreal, 4th 
January 1817. 

Thomas, Earl of Selkirk, died at Pau 

in the south of France, whither he had 
gone for the recovery of his health, on 
the 8th April 1820, and was succeeded 
by his son, 

VI. Dunbar James, Earl of Selkirk, 
Lord Daer and Shortcleugh. 

Creations. — Earl of Selkirk, Lord 
Daer and Shortcleugh, by patent, dated 
at Newcastle 4th August 1646, to the 
first Earl and his heirs-male whatsoever. 
New patent, with the former precedency, 
dated at Whitehall 6th October 1688, 
to Lord Charles Hamilton and the heirs- 
male of his body, &c. 

Arms. — Quarterly, first and fourth, 
argent, a heart, gules, ensigned with an 
imperial crown, Or, on a chief, azure, 
three mullets of the first, for Douglas ; 
2d, gules, three chiquefoils, pierced, er- 
mine, for Hamilton ; 3d, gules, a lion 
rampant, argent, within a bordure of the 
second, charged with ten roses of the 
first, for Dunbar of Baldoon. 

Crest. — A salamander in flames. 
Supporters. — Dexter, a savage 
wreathed about the loins with laurel : 
sinister, an antelope, proper. 

Mottos. — " Firmior quo paratior"